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STEM Education: Policies And

Prospects Toward Achieving


International Standard And Meeting
National Development Needs

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STEM Initiative in Malaysia Education Blueprint
2013-2025

Aims:

 Prepare students with the skills


to meet the science and
technology challenges.

 To ensure that Malaysia has a


sufficient number of qualified
STEM graduates.
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Measures undertaken in STEM Initiative
Raising student interests through new learning
approaches and an enhanced curriculum

Sharpening skills and abilities of teachers

Building public and student awareness

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Sufficient number of qualified STEM graduates
Malaysian government instituted the 60:40
Science/Technical: Arts (60:40) Policy in education in
1967 and started implementing it in 1970

The target not achieved.


45% Science stream + technical & vocational, 2014.

Met the requirement but chose not to do science in the


upper secondary increased to 15%.

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Factors underlying the declining enrolment
and quality of student outcomes in STEM

Limited awareness about STEM

Perceived difficulty of STEM

Content-heavy curriculum

Inconsistent quality of teaching and learning

Limited and outdated infrastructure

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New Primary and Secondary Curricula

Higher order thinking skills

Project-based

ICT games-based

Minimise content overlap with other subjects & post-


secondary

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National and School-Based Assessment

Increase the proportion of questions that focus on creative and


problem-solving skills

Data interpretation and evaluation

Reintroduce from 2016 onwards, the science practical testing


elements

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Sharpening skills and abilities of teachers

Diagnostic exercise to identify gaps in content knowledge and


pedagogical skills among teachers

Identify gaps in content knowledge and pedagogy

Tailored professional development

School Improvement Specialist Coaches (SISC+) for


Mathematics and Science

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e-learning video library for students on EduWebTV

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New Primary and Secondary Curricula

Higher order thinking skills

Project-based

ICT games-based

Minimise content overlap with other subjects & post-


secondary

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Use of ICT

Computer games

Exploration of STEM beyond the content covered in the


prescribed textbooks

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Blended Learning Open Source for Science or
Mathematics Studies (BLOSSOMS)

Integration of face-to-face and ICT instruction

Deploys new instructional strategies and pedagogical


approaches

Students utilize adaptive learning software to learn at their


own pace, and through their preferred learning style

Teachers then analyse the resultant data from the software


to identify areas where students require extra coaching

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Collaboration

Museums

Science Centres

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Campaigns

Educate the public about the diversity of career opportunities in


STEM

Encourage more students to select STEM subjects

STEM education plays a big role as the catalyst to meet the


challenges and demands of our present and future economy

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Strengthening Delivery of STEM Across the Education
System

Strengthening the Engaging the Evaluation to


foundations of support of broader develop roadmap
existing group of for further
programmes & stakeholder innovation
encouraging school
students to enrol in
the science stream

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:
Wave 2
Building on the STEM foundations that was implemented in
Wave 1

The roll-out of the KSSM (Secondary School Standard Curricula) and


revised KSSR (Primary School Standard Curricula)

From 2019 onwards, the Ministry intends to participate in the Grade 4


TIMSS assessment in addition to the Grade 8.

Development of VLE.
Teachers share their experiences in teaching the new curriculum, learn
from each other and provide feedback to the Ministry.

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Wave 2
Building on the STEM foundations that was implemented in
Extend AwarenessWave 1
Programme

Primary school students and their parents

Informal approach to strengthening interest in STEM education


and careers

Provide hands-on learning opportunities for students and parents

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:
Wave 3
Innovating to the next level

Evaluate the success of all initiatives from the first two waves and
develop a roadmap for future.

Introduce fresh initiatives and programmes

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THANK YOU

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