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P81-08 JURXSZDVJLYHQH[HUFLVHRQDWUHDGPLOODWPPLQIRUPLQ

THE PROTECTIVE EFFECTS OF QUERCETIN ON GD\GD\VZHHNIRUZHHNV3ODVPDIXQGXVDQGOLYHUZHUH


RAT HEPATOCYTES AGAINST OXIDATIVE STRESS H[FLVHGIRUGHWHUPLQDWLRQRIREHVWDWLQDQG$73FRQFHQWUDWLRQV
IN METABOLOMICS and liver glycogen.
Gao, Weina; Guo, Changjiang; Wu, Jianquan FINDINGS: Data analyses for determine of difference of
Military Medical Academy, Tianjin, CHN mean between groups and in each group were done by using
of independent t-test and paired t-test. Obestatin concentrations
OBJECTIVE: 7RH[SORUHWKHPHWDEROLFHIIHFWVRITXHUFHWLQRQ ZHUH VLJQL¿FDQWO\ ORZ LQ WUDLQHG UDW IXQGXV 3    /LYHU
R[LGDWLYHVWUHVVRIWKHUDWKHSDWRF\WHV JO\FRJHQ FRQWHQW ZDV VLJQL¿FDQWO\ KLJKHU LQ WUDLQHG UDWV 3
METHODS: Nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometer was    &KDQJHV LQ SODVPD REHVWDWLQ OHYHOV DQG )XQGXV$73
used to identify the changes of metabolites of hepatocytes after FRQWHQWZHUHQRWVLJQL¿FDQW
R[LGDWLYHVWUHVVDQGEHLQJSUHWUHDWHGE\TXHUFHWLQ CONCLUSION: 'DWDLQGLFDWHWKDWWUHDGPLOOH[HUFLVHZDVDEOH
RESULTS: Compared with control, the most notable changes to reduce fundus obestatin concentrations and this reduction
were as follows: (1) dimethylamine (DMA) increased was accompanied with a higher liver glycogen content in
VLJQL¿FDQWO\LQWKHTXHUFHWLQDQGTXHUFHWLQ+2JURXS   WUDLQHGUDWV([HUFLVHWUDLQLQJPLJKWPRGXODWHIXQGXVREHVWDWLQ
acetate increased, pyruvate decreased remarkably in the H2O2, levels via an improvement of energy source.
TXHUFHWLQDQGTXHUFHWLQ+2JURXS7KHVHFRQGDU\FKDQJHV
included (1) lactate (Lac) and glutamine (Gln) increased in
quercetin group; (2) Lac and taurine (Tau) increased, and P81-11
KLVWLGLQH +LV GHFUHDVHGLQWKH+2JURXS  /DF7DXDQG EFFECTS OF DIETARY FISH OIL ON
*OQLQFUHDVHGDQG+LVGHFUHDVHGLQWKHTXHUFHWLQ+2JURXS IMMOBILIZATION-INDUCED MUSCLE ATROPHY
CONCLUSION: 4XHUFHWLQ FRXOG LQFUHDVH WKH SURGXFWLRQ RI AND ITS MECHANISMS
DMA, acetate, Lac and Tau, the utilization of pyruvate, and Park, Mi-Na; Ryu, Jae-Sung; Lee, Yeon-Sook
UHGXFH WKH XSWDNH RI *OQ LQ WKH KHSDWRF\WHV XQGHU R[LGDWLYH Seoul National University, Seoul, KOR
stress.
Modern inactive lifestyle promotes disuse muscle atrophy
IURP PDQ\ SHRSOH ,W KDV EHHQ NQRZQ WKDW GLHWDU\ ¿VK RLO
P81-09 rich in DHA and EPA is capable of preventing loss of muscle
HEALTH POLICY INTERVENTION IN SCHOOLS SURWHLQLQGLDEHWHVDQGFDQFHUE\DQWLLQVXOLQUHVLVWDQWDQGDQWL±
PROMOTE PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES AMONG THE LQÀDPPDWRU\PHFKDQLVPV7KHSUHVHQWVWXG\LQYHVWLJDWHGKRZ
PUPILS GLHWDU\¿VKRLODIIHFWVRQWKHGLVXVHPXVFOHDWURSK\)ROORZLQJ
Mikkelsen, Bent E.; He, Chen 10 days of hind limb immobilization of adult male SD rats
National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, IHGFRUQRLO &21 RU¿VKRLOEDVHGGLHW )2 VROHXVPXVFOH
Søborg, DNK ZHLJKWDQGP\RVLQKHDY\FKDLQ 0+& OHYHOZDVVLJQL¿FDQWO\
UHGXFHG+RZHYHUGLHWDU\¿VKRLODWWHQXDWHGWKHORVVRIVROHXV
Now, more than ever, there are serious health concerns for obese PXVFOHZHLJKWDQG0+&FRQWHQW,QDGGLWLRQ'LHWDU\¿VKRLO
and overweight children. Schools are the perfect setting for LQKLELWHGSHUWXUEDWLRQVLQDFWLYDWLRQRI$NWDQGSVNSURWHLQDV
FKLOGUHQWROHDUQDQGWKLVLQÀXHQFHFDQSOD\DQLPSRUWDQWUROH ZHOODVJHQHH[SUHVVLRQRIPXVFOHVSHFL¿F(XELTXLWLQOLJDVHV
in preventing children from becoming obese and overweight. 0$)E[DWURJLQDQG0X5) DQGVXEVHTXHQWXELTXLWLQDWLRQ
The study concerns the behaviors of Health Promoting School of MHC. Insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS1) associated with
+36 DFFRUGLQJWRDEURDGGH¿QLWLRQRI+36LQ:RUOG+HDOWK SVXEXQLWRISKRVSKRLQRVLWLGHNLQDVH 3,. GLGQRWDOWHU
Organization (WHO), or dependent on schools own health GXULQJLPPRELOL]DWLRQ'LHWDU\¿VKRLODOVRLQKLELWHGDOWHUDWLRQV
SURPRWLQJSROLFLHV7KHSXUSRVHRIVWXG\UHVHDUFKLVWRH[DPLQH LQJHQHH[SUHVVLRQRIF\FORR[\JHQVH &2; DQGLQGXFLEOH
whether promoting physical activity among the children QLWULF R[LGH V\QWKDVH L126  ZLWK QR DGGLWLRQDO SURGXFWLRQ
at schools in relation to a school health policy such as Food RI R[LGDWLYH VWUHVV 7KHVH UHVXOWV VXJJHVW WKDW GLHWDU\ ¿VK RLO
and Nutrition Policy (FNP). This was determined through the reduces immobilization-induced muscle atrophy through Akt
comparisons between the FNP based schools and non-policy SDWKZD\LQYROYLQJ(XELTXLWLQOLJDVHVDQGSVN
based schools. The study undertook surveys among school food
coordinators in the selected Danish primary schools through
a web-based questionnaire. The questions in the survey were P81-12
PRUH IRFXVHG RQ SK\VLFDO DFWLYLW\ LQ LQWHUQDO DQG H[WHUQDO WEIGHT LOSS IN OBESE ADULTS ATTENDING
school environment. The data shows the relations regarding FITNESS CENTRES: EFFECT OF DIET AND
the promoting physical activities among the pupils between PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
different types of schools. Results indicate that health policy Mahna, Ranjana
intervention can be effective in improving the physical activities Institute of Home Economics, New Delhi, IND
and preventing the development of obesity and overweight
issues among the children in schools. Improved standards of living with decrease in customary work
have contributed to the problem of obesity. The proliferation
RI ¿WQHVV FHQWHUV SURYLGHV DQ DYHQXH WR ORVH ZHLJKW DQG
P81-10 look good. The present study assessed the effect of physical
EFFECT OF ENDURANCE TRAINING ON PLASMA activity and counseling for dietary changes on weight loss in
AND STOMACH OBESTATIN CONCENTRATIONS IN  REHVH DGXOWV IUHVKO\ UHFUXLWHG ZLWK  ¿WQHVV FHQWHUV 'DWD
WISTAR RAT was collected on dietary patterns, anthropometry and physical
Jafari, Akram activity done at the centre and in routine life. The subjects were
Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, IRN LQYROYHGLQDHURELFVWUHDGPLOOF\FOLQJDQGVWUHWFKLQJH[HUFLVHV
DWWKH¿WQHVVFHQWHUV$IWHUWKUHHPRQWKVWKHUHZDVDVLJQL¿FDQW
OBJECTIVES: Ghrelin and obestatin both are effective UHGXFWLRQLQZHLJKW PHDQNJLQIHPDOHVDQGNJLQPDOHV 
RUH[LVSHSWLGHVZKLFKDUHVHFUHWHGIURPJDVWURLQWHVWLQDOWUDFWV DQG ZDLVW FLUFXPIHUHQFH PHDQ FP LQ IHPDOHV DQG FP
The purpose of this study was to investigate fundus obestatin in males). BMI shifted from grade I, II and III to overweight
FRQFHQWUDWLRQV UHVSRQVHV WR D WUHDGPLOO H[HUFLVH UXQQLQJ or normal. The energy and fat intake decreased and the mean
program in Wistar rats. GDLO\HQHUJ\H[SHQGLWXUHLQFUHDVHGE\NFDOVGD\LQIHPDOHV
METHODS: )RXUWHHQ:LVWDUPDOHUDWV ±ZHHNVROG± DQGNFDOVGD\LQPDOHV'LHWDU\FRQWURODQGUHJXODUSK\VLFDO
J ZHUHGLYLGHGLQWRFRQWURODQGWUDLQLQJJURXSV7UDLQLQJ H[HUFLVH FRPELQHG ZLWK PRWLYDWLRQ LV HIIHFWLYH LQ EULQJLQJ
431
about an appreciable weight loss. P82-03
ASSESSMENT OF PROMOTION NUTRITIONAL
KNOWLEDGE BEFORE AND AFTER NUTRITION
P82: Nutrition Education/Communication and Behavioral WORKSHOP TO RAISING BELIEFS FOR BETTER
Changes II HEALTH
Kargarnovin, Zahra; Ardakany, Zeba
Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology
P82-01 Sh.Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health
COOKING IN THE PROMOTION OF A HEALTHY Services, Tehran, Tehran, IRN
DIET: AN EDUCATIVE MODEL
Castro, Inês Rugani Ribeiro de1; Souza, Thais Salema OBJECTIVE: Globally, women have higher rates of
Nogueira de2; Maldonado, Luciana Azevedo1; Caniné, Emilia obesity than men do, although men may have higher rates of
dos Santos; Rotenberg, Sheila4; Gugelmin, Silvia Angela1 overweight. Prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing
1
State University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro-RJ, BRA; due to environmental and behavioral change in world wide at an
2
Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro RJ, BRA; alarming rate in both developed and developing regions.

Municipality of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro-RJ, BRA; MATERIALS & METHODS: Cross sectional study obtaining
4
Fluminense Federal University, Rio de Janeiro-RJ, BRA JLUO¶VDJH\HDUVROGIURPWZRVFKRROVLQ7HKUDQ'DWD
was collected by questionnaire and interviewing girls. Nutrition
OBJECTIVE: To present the designing and testing of an education was evaluated by pretest and posttest before and after
educational methodology for healthy diet promotion. four weeks about promotion of lifestyle, related to nutrition
METHODS: Theoretical references adopted: health promotion intake.
precepts, critical approach of health education, food and DISCUSSION: The nutrition knowledge and beliefs of young
QXWULWLRQ VHFXULW\ DQG UHÀHFWLRQV DERXW IRRG FXOWXUH LQ WKH JLUOV ZKR EHFRPH PRWKHU LQ WKHLU IXWXUH OLYHV VLJQL¿FDQWO\
FRQWHPSRUDU\ FRQWH[W 6WHSV RI WKH SURMHFW LGHQWL¿FDWLRQ RI change nutrition habits and decreasing the number of disease
target groups (school and health professionals, adolescents); such as obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes, stroke and
designing and testing the education model and analysis of the cardiovascular disease.
collected material.
RESULTS: The model consisted in an educative workshop
VWUXFWXUHG LQ H[SHULHQFLQJ FRRNLQJ D GHEDWH DPRQJ WKH P82-04
SDUWLFLSDQWVDPHHWLQJFDOOHG³6HDVRQLQJ&RQFHSWV´ZKHQWKH STENGTHENING TEACHERS’ COMMUNICATION
issues that appeared in the previous debate were discussed, and SKILLS FOR EFFECTIVE LEARNING PROCESS ON
an evaluation meeting. Eight educative workshops were carried FOOD AND NUTRITION IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS
RXWLQYROYLQJSDUWLFLSDQWVZKRLQGLFDWHGWKDWWKHHGXFDWLRQ Khunsanong, Somchoke1; Sapsuwan, Charana1; Khongnoo,
model was able to motivate them with respect to the subject for Waralak2; Limsawas, Ratchanee2; Ruennarong, Sarun1
their personal life and professional activity. 1
Mahidol University, Nakhon Pathom, THA; 2Ministry of
CONCLUSION: The model tested proved to be feasible Public Health, Nonthaburi, THA
and represents a methodological innovation in healthy diet
promotion This study aimed to strengthen communication skills on food
and nutrition, and instructional media creative production
to primary school teachers in the 1st stage. The procedures
P82-02 included (1) Analyzing communication teaching situation
ASSESSMENT OF WOMEN’S CANCER PREVENTION through documents, consultation with related veteran s, and
KNOWLEDGE USING participation in the integrated nutrition. (2) Developing a draft
Al Otaibi, Hala Hazam1; Kandiah, Mirnalini2 ZRUNVKRSSURJUDP  2UJDQL]LQJDFDGHPLFIRUXPIRUH[SHUWV
1
King Faisal University, Al-Hassa, SAU; 2Universiti Putra for suggestion and idea transfers. The scope of workshop
Malaysia, Serdang, MYS FRYHUHGD 6WUHQJWKHQLQJVHOIFRQ¿GHQWDQGHPSRZHUPHQWE 
Basic knowledge and perception of current situation on food
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: Sound nutrition knowledge is and nutrition, c) Basic knowledge of principle, communication
necessary for disease prevention. Women teachers’ knowledge process and related approaches, and d) Skill development of
on diet and lifestyle guidelines for cancer prevention was instructional media production. (4) Organizing a workshop
assessed using a valid and reliable questionnaire. IRU  WHDFKHUV RI WKH LQWHJUDWHG QXWULWLRQ SURJUDP XQGHU WKH
MATERIALS & METHODS: $Q LQLWLDO LWHP SRRO RI  RI¿FH RI EDVLF HGXFDWLRQ FRPPLVVLRQ %DQJNRN PHWURSROLWDQ
questions was developed based on the World Cancer Research DGPLQLVWUDWLRQ PXQLFLSDOLW\ JRYHUQPHQW DQG WKH RI¿FH RI WKH
Fund (2007) cancer prevention guidelines. 90 items were private education commission. The workshop provided good
retained after evaluation for content validity. The preliminary DWPRVSKHUHIRUOHDUQLQJSURFHVVDQGGLUHFWH[SHULHQFHZLWKWKH
questionnaire was piloted for face validity in a volunteer group LPSUHVVLRQ VFRUHV RI VXEMHFW PDWWHU DQG VDWLVIDFWLRQ ZHUH 
RI ZRPHQ WHDFKHUV  7KH HGLWHG YHUVLRQ ZDV UH¿QHG WKURXJK and 9.7, respectively from 10 scores. A 1-month follow up after
item analysis and internal consistency. workshop through questionnaire and group discussion showed
RESULTS: 7KH ¿QDO TXHVWLRQQDLUH FRPSULVHG  LWHPV LQ that the most technique to be applied in classroom was the
three subscales: diet, physical activity and weight management, origami in various patterns such as pot, vegetables and fruit,
and lifestyle. The total score was 42 points. Cronbach’s alpha together with story narration or spin yarns. These techniques
FRHI¿FLHQWV ZHUH ! IRU VXEVFDOHV DQG WRWDO NQRZOHGJH could motivate students to show their creativity and pride of
7HDFKHUVZHUHUDQGRPO\DVVLJQHGWRLQWHUYHQWLRQ ,Q  RU their works. Therefore, the overview of this workshop was
control (C, n=102) groups. The mean total knowledge score was regarded as an important tool to strengthen teachers’ potential
24 for both groups. Total knowledge was moderate but low for in creating effective learning process for their students to be
physical activity and weight management. eligibly take care of their health on food and nutrition.
CONCLUSION: Valid and reliable knowledge questionnaires
are paramount for diet and lifestyle interventions.

432
P82-05 )LIW\HLJKW SHUFHQW RI SDWLHQWV KDG H[SHULHQFH WR WKH QXWULWLRQ
AN ANALYSIS OF THE NUTRITION EDUCATION FRXQVHOLQJ,QWKHPHWKRGVRIWKHQXWULWLRQFRXQVHOLQJ
PROGRAM FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS DQGRISDWLHQWVSDUWLFLSDWHGLQWKHJURXSFRXQVHOLQJDQG
BY OFFICE OF EDUCATION IN KOREA the private training, respectively. In the perception on contents
Lee, Kyung-Hea1; Kim, Jung-Hyun2; Park, Dong-Yeon RIWKHQXWULWLRQFRXQVHOLQJRISDWLHQWVXQGHUVWRRGYHU\
1
Changwon National University, Changwon, Gyeongnam, ZHOORQWKHPRIUHVSRQGHQWVSHUFHLYHGYHU\LPSRUWDQWO\
KOR; 2Paichai University, Daejeon, KOR; Dong-Guk DQG  ZHUH VDWLV¿HG YHU\ PXFK ,Q WKH VDWLVIDFWLRQ ZLWK
University, Gyeongju, KOR the nutrition counseling, the patients having good appetite
VKRZHG VLJQL¿FDQWO\ S  KLJKHU UDWH WR VDWLVIDFWLRQ ZLWK
7RGD\WKH.RUHDQVRFLHW\LVH[SHULHQFLQJDQLQFUHDVHLQVHULRXV the nutrition counseling than them having poor and neutral
nutrition problems, such as children obesity. The increase in these DSSHWLWH2QWKHVFDOHRIIRUVDWLVIDFWLRQZLWKWKHQXWULWLRQ
problems is caused by rapid change that has taken place within FRXQVHOLQJ WKH WRWDO DYHUDJH VFRUH ZDV  7KH DYHUDJH
our society, which has emasculated the power of our traditional VFRUHVIRUWKHLWHPVZHUHIRUNQRZOHGJHFRPPXQLFDWLRQ
values and behavior patterns to cope with contemporary life VNLOOIRUFRJQLWLYHFRPPXQLFDWLRQVNLOOIRUDIIHFWLYH
styles. There is an urgent need to revitalize and increase the FRPPXQLFDWLRQVNLOODQGIRUIDFLOLWDWLRQVNLOO7KHSDWLHQWV
effects of the nutrition education program for elementary school KDYLQJJRRGDSSHWLWHVKRZHGVLJQL¿FDQWO\KLJKHUDYHUDJHVFRUHV
VWXGHQWV7KLVUHVHDUFKZDVFRQGXFWHGLQRUGHUWR¿QGDZD\WR LQNQRZOHGJHVNLOO S FRJQLWLYHVNLOO S DIIHFWLYH
revitalize and to increase the effects of the program so that more skill (p<0.01), and facilitation skill (p<0.01) compared with
DQG PRUH FKLOGUHQ FDQ SDUWLFLSDWH DQG UHFHLYH EHQH¿WV IURP those having neutral appetite. The reasons for the dissatisfaction
it. We have analyzed the program’s contents and the current with the nutrition counseling were lack of the nutrition
condition on how the program is actually conducted. Then we HGXFDWLRQ PDWHULDOV   XQQHFHVVDU\ RI WKH QXWULWLRQ
KDYHFRPSDUHGUHDOFDVHH[DPSOHVRIWKHSURJUDPDQGDQDO\]HG FRXQVHOLQJ  DQGGLI¿FXOW\RIWKHGLHWLWLDQV¶H[SODQDWLRQ
the current situation and its problems. The purpose of this work  7KHUHZDVDVLJQL¿FDQWO\ S SRVLWLYHFRUUHODWLRQ
is to analyze various nutrition education programs and related between perception and satisfaction of the nutrition counseling.
VWXGLHV IRU HOHPHQWDU\ VFKRRO VWXGHQWV WR H[WUDFW PHDQLQJIXO In conclusion, most of patients perceived the importance of the
suggestions, and to develop some nutrition education programs nutrition education, but the understanding and the satisfaction
FRQWHQWV WR UHDOL]H RXU VXJJHVWLRQV :H ZHUH DEOH WR H[WUDFW levels on the nutrition education was low. Therefore, it was
some important aspects for developing nutrition education suggested that the dietitians develop the practical materials
programs contents. Especially in this study we took notice of for the nutrition education to increase the satisfaction with the
systematization of nutrition problems, and suggested a model of nutrition education of patients.
systematization of nutrition education program.

P82-08
P82-06 FACTORS PREDICTING THE INTENTION TO
DEVELOPMENT OF THE ICT NUTRITION CONSUME GRAIN AMARANTH ENRICHED
EDUCATION PROGRAM FOR THE 4TH GRADE PORRIDGE IN MAKUYU DIVISION, KENYA
ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN KOREA Macharia-Mutie, Catherine W.1; Moreno-Londono, Ana
Lee, Kyung-Hea1; Kim, Jung-Hyun2; Lee, Myung-Hee2 Maria1; Brouwer, Inge D.1; Mwangi, Alice M.2; Kok, Frans J.1
1
Changwon National University, Changwon, Gyeongnam, 1
Wageningen University, Nairobi Kenya, KEN; 2University of
KOR; 2PaiChai University, Daejeon, KOR Nairobi, Nairobi, KEN

In current nutrition education of school, teachers try to develop RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: Use of psychosocial
and apply a variety of ICT-oriented instructional methods and theories is effective in determining key predictors of dietary
materials. There is a necessity raised for a new systematic behaviors and has been suggested as useful in designing and
instructional model to develop concurrently the nutrition targeting nutritional education programs. The objective of this
inquiry competency and the information literacy. Therefore, study was to identify psychosocial factors that would predict the
this study was purposed to suggest a practical nutrition-learning intention of mothers to feed their children with grain amaranth
model that would overcome a direct instruction of diffusing enriched porridge based on an integrated model of Theory of
the knowledge and a piecemeal approach of applying the Planned Behavior and Health Belief Model.
information in nutrition education. The purpose of this study MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was
was to develop ICT nutrition education program for the 4th FDUULHG RXW DPRQJ  PRWKHUV ZLWK FKLOGUHQ DJHG  \HDUV
grade elementary school students. The contents of 4th grade in Kenya. Data was collected using a questionnaire and Likert
FXUULFXOXP DQG WH[WERRNV ZHUH DQDO\]HG %DVHG RQ WKHVH scale was used to score the various constructs.
DQDO\VHV  VXEMHFWV ,&7 OHVVRQ SODQV RQ QXWULWLRQ HGXFDWLRQ
ZHUHGHYHORSHG([SHULPHQWDOJURXSVKDYHVLJQL¿FDQWO\PRUH RESULTS: Majority of the respondents agreed that grain
increased in the knowledge and understanding of the nutrition DPDUDQWK ZDV D JRRG VRXUFH RI LURQ   DQG DVVRFLDWHG
contents than have comparison groups. Thus, The ICT nutrition LWV LQWDNH ZLWK WKH SUHYHQWLRQ RI LURQ GH¿FLHQF\DQHPLD
education program plans were found to be more effective than   %HKDYLRUDO LQWHQWLRQ ZDV D VLJQL¿FDQW SUHGLFWRU RI
regular one in knowledge and attitude for nutrition. SULRUEHKDYLRU ȕ 3  .QRZOHGJH ȕ 3 
 DQGKHDOWKYDOXH ȕ 3  ZHUHVLJQL¿FDQW
predictors of health behavior identity.
P82-07 CONCLUSION: Knowledge, health value and prior behavior
PATIENTS’ PERCEPTION AND SATISFACTION are potential important predictors on whether to feed children
ON NUTRITION COUNSELING AT HOSPITALS IN with grain amaranth enriched porridge. These factors could
BUSAN, REPUBLIC OF KOREA be targeted in nutritional educational interventions on iron
Lyu, Eunsoon; Yi, Jeongryeh GH¿FLHQF\DQDHPLDDQGQXWULWLRQDOEHQH¿WVRIJUDLQDPDUDQWK
Pukyong National University, Busan, KOR

The patients’ perception was determined through interviews


with questionnaires for understanding, importance, satisfaction
RQ QXWULWLRQ FRXQVHOLQJ 7KH VXEMHFWV ZHUH  WKHUDSHXWLF
diet inpatients at four general hospitals with over 400 beds and
D XQLYHUVLW\ KRVSLWDO ZLWK RYHU  EHGV LQ %XVDQ RI .RUHD
433
P82-09 TXHVWLRQQDLUHV,QWKHVHFRQG H[SHUWV DQGWKLUGURXQG 
RELATIONSHIP OF FOOD CONSUMPTION H[SHUWV WKHVXPPDUL]HGUHVXOWVRIWKH¿UVWDQGVHFRQGURXQG
BEHAVIOUR AND NUTRITION STATUS OF ZHUH GHOLYHUHG WR UDWH  /LNHUW VFDOH  WKH LPSRUWDQFH RI HDFK
OVERWEIGHT PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS LWHPIRUFRQ¿UPDWLRQDQGYDOLGDWLRQRIWKHUHVXOWV'DWDZHUH
Nimsakul, Somluck analyzed using contents analysis and descriptive statistics. The
Research Institute for Health Sciences, A. Muang Chiang Mai, results were summarized as follows: The major health related
THA QXWULWLRQDO SUREOHP LQ .RUHDQ FKLOGUHQ ZHUH REHVLW\   D
lifestyle disease(4.4). The desirable education methods were
Types of food consumptions were related directly to D OHDUQLQJ IURP SUDFWLFDO H[SHULHQFH DERXW QXWULWLRQ   VXFK
bodyweight. The food consumption behavior of over weight DV FRRNLQJ FODVV RU VXSHU PDUNHW H[SHULHQFH 7R H[SHUW WKH
VWXGHQWVZDV XQGHUWDNHQGXULQJ1RYHPEHU ± -XO\ more effective nutrition education, it should be prepared the
3ULPDU\VFKRROVWXGHQWVJUDGH,9DQG9ER\VDQGJLUOV political supporting system(4.7), and to improve a school meal
participated. Weight and height measurements were performed, VHUYLFH  %DVHGRQWKHVH¿QGLQJVWKHUHVXOWZDVVXJJHVWHG
and standardized to the Thai population measurements as a to develop cost-effective assessment tools for the nutrition
UHIHUHQFH)UHTXHQFLHVRIRYHUZHLJKWVWXGHQWVZHUHFODVVL¿HG education programs for school aged children in Korea.
Each student recorded one own for present food consumption  7KLV UHVHDUFK ZDV VXSSRUWHG E\ D JUDQW .)'$ 
IRU  GD\V GXULQJ )ULGD\ DQG 6XQGD\ RQFH D PRQWK )RRG IURP.RUHD)RRG 'UXJ$GPLQLVWUDWLRQLQ
frequencies of each food items were grouped and calculated
such as rice, fried foods, milk and products and snacks etc.
It was found that some types of foods were associated with P82-12
QXWULWLRQDO VWDWXV VXFK DV REHVH ER\V KDG VLJQL¿FDQWO\ KLJKHU DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF Na
fried foods than pre-obese (p = 0.00). Pre-obese girls consumed REDUCTION PROGRAM FOR PRIMARY SCHOOL
VLJQL¿FDQWO\PRUHULFHIULHGIRRGVDQGVQDFNWKDQRYHUZHLJKW STUDENTS
DQG REHVH JLUO S     UHVSHFWLYHO\ ,Q VXPPDU\ Lee, Youngmee1; Oh, Yu-jin1; Park, Soung Suk2; Park, Hyun-
the overweight students consumed more fried foods, snack nae; Kim, Jin-ah1
and less vegetables and fruits. Nutritional education should be 1
Kyungwon University, Seongnam, KOR; 2Piryong Elementary
introduced more frequently and continual during intervention. School, Ansung, KOR; Food and Nutrition, Seongnam, KOR

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the sodium reduction


P82-10 program for school aged children. The nutrition education
TARGET GROUP-SPECIFIC OPTIMIZING OF SURJUDPRIVRGLXPUHGXFWLRQFDOOHGµ1D¶SURJUDPXVLQJOHDÀHWV
DIETETIC QUALITY teacher’s guide book which were developed by the KFDA (Korea
Oberritter, Helmut food and drug Association) and lecture materials which were
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Ernährung e. V., Bonn, DEU developed. ‘Na’ program was implemented to a special class
taken 40 minute by a nutrition teacher and the effectiveness was
OBJECTIVE: :LWK LWV SURMHFWV ),7 .,' 6FKXOH  (VVHQ  evaluated by pre-post test. The subject group was designed by
1RWH  6FKRRO  )RRG  *UDGH   -RE )LW DQG ¿W LQ$OWHU FRQWURO DQG H[SHULPHQWDO JURXS 7KH VWUXFWXUHG TXHVWLRQQDLUH
¿WLQROGDJH WKH*HUPDQ1XWULWLRQ6RFLHW\ '*( DLPVIRU was used; the contents were consisted of the knowledge and food
the establishment of balanced community nutrition for all target attitude about high Na contents in foods. Data were obtained for
groups. ZKRDUHWKJUDGHVWXGHQWVHGXFDWLRQJURXS ([JURXS ZDV
ACTIONS: 'H¿QLWLRQDQGFLUFXODUL]DWLRQRITXDOLW\VWDQGDUGV  QRQHGXFDWLRQ JURXS &RQWURO  ZDV  7KH QXWULWLRQDO
for demand-oriented nutrition NQRZOHGJH VFRUHV DIWHU HGXFDWLRQ ZDV VLJQL¿FDQWO\ LQFUHDVHG
Support in the quality standard implementation phase including IURPWR S (DWLQJKDELWVRIWKH([JURXSZDV
FHUWL¿FDWLRQYLDWUDLQLQJFRXUVHVPDWHULDO,QWHUQHWSRUWDOV VLJQL¿FDQWO\ GLIIHUHQW IURP FRQWURO S  :H IRXQG WKH
METHODOLOGY: $Q H[WHUQDO DVVHVVPHQW FDUULHG RXW E\ EHKDYLRUDOFKDQJHV WR IRRG VHOHFWLRQLQ ([ JURXS WKURXJK WKH
8QLYDWLRQ ,QVWLWXWH IRU (YDOXDWLRQ EHWZHHQ  DQG  1DSURJUDP([JURXSKDGPRUHIUHTXHQWO\FKHFNHGWKHVRGLXP
H[DPLQHGWKHLPSDFWRIWKHSURMHFWV0HWKRGV4XHVWLRQQDLUHV contents in snack and changed the lower Na-content-snack
interviews, qualitative analysis of the Internet portals, output selection than control. But, a long-term follow-up study must
monitoring, workshops with project staff. EHQHHGHGWRFKHFNWKHH[LVWHQFHRIEHKDYLRUDOFKDQJLQJ
RESULTS: $OO ,QWHUQHW SRUWDOV VHH LQWHQVLYH XVH ZLWK  WR
 PLOOLRQ KLWV SHU SDJH 7KH SULQW YHUVLRQ RI VFKRRO PHDO
TXDOLW\FULWHULD³ZHUHRUGHUHGVRPHWLPHVLQPRQWKV P82-13
H[FOGRZQORDGV $OOPDWHULDOVZHUHLQVWURQJGHPDQG,QWKH DEVELOPMENT OF NUTRITION EDUCATION
participating daycare facilities for children, the projects caused TOOLS FOR PRE-PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN
an improvement of both the range of meals and the standard of THE VAAL REGION, SOUTH AFRICA
nutrition education. The quality standards facilitate the quality Oldewage Theron, Wilna H.1; Napier, Carin E.2
assurance of an optimal nutrition. 1
Vaal University of Technology, Vanderbijlpark, ZAF; 2Durban
CONCLUSION: Further implementation of quality criteria is University of Technology, Durban, ZAF
necessary and the aim of our effort.
OBJECTIVE: The focus of this project is to address
malnutrition through the development, implementation and
P82-11 evaluation of a nutrition education programme (NEP). The
A DELPHI STUDY OF THE CHILDREN’S NUTRITION* VSHFL¿F REMHFWLYH RI WKLV SDSHU ZDV WR GHYHORS WKH QXWULWLRQ
Lee, Youngmee; Oh, Yu-jin education tools for pre-primary school children.
Kyungwon University, Seongnam, KOR MATERIALS & METHODS: The methodology was based
on the Food and Agriculture Organization NEP framework.
The objective of this study was to identify the nutrition 7ZR VFKRROV ZHUH SXUSRVLYHO\ FKRVHQ DQG WHDFKHUV Q  
problems, to develop a desirable education method and to completed a needs assessment questionnaire for data on the
suggest effective nutrition education supporting system for design of the media and tools required, as well as the content
school aged children in Korea. For these purpose, a three- of the NEP.
round Delphi methods was used to collect data through a RESULTS & FINDINGS: The majority of teachers indicated
VHULHV RI VXUYH\ WR REWDLQ WKH FRQVHQVXV RI H[SHUWV LQ FKLOG WKDWQXWULWLRQLVLQFOXGHGLQWKHVFKRROV\OODEXV  IRU
QXWULWLRQ,QWKH¿UVWURXQGZDVVHQWWRH[SHUWVRSHQHQGHG PLQXWHVSHUZHHN  1RQXWULWLRQHGXFDWLRQWRROVZHUH
434
DYDLODEOH  DQGDQHHGIRUQXWULWLRQHGXFDWLRQLQVFKRROV dietary fats.
ZDV LGHQWL¿HG   7KH PDMRULW\ VHOHFWHG DFWLYLW\ ERRNV 2) One year After Education: we collected the information about
  FDUG JDPHV   DQG SX]]OHV   ZLWK EULJKWO\ the subject’s practice again. We studied the changes of behavior
FRORUHG   GUDZLQJV   LQ ERWK (QJOLVK DQG WKH KRPH about fat consumption in the family. Data were analyzed by
ODQJXDJH  IRUWKH1(3WRROVWREHGHYHORSHG SPSS software. Different groups were compared by using chi
CONCLUSION: These results were used to successfully VTXDUHWHVW3YDOXHVEHORZZHUHFRQVLGHUHGDVVLJQL¿FDQW
develop nutrition education tools (activity book, card and RESULTS: 'DWD$QDO\VLVDWWKH¿UVWVWHSVKRZHGWKDWDQG
board game, and food group puzzle) and will be implemented   RI IDPLOLHV FRQVXPHG RLO 38)$  DQG K\GURJHQDWHG IDW
in a NEP to test the impact on the nutrition knowledge of pre- respectively. After intervention and education the above data
primary school children. VLJQL¿FDQWO\FKDQJHGWRDQG,QWKLVVWXG\WKHW\SHRI
IDWIRUIU\LQJZDVDVVHVVHGWRRVSHFL¿FIU\LQJIDWFRQVXPSWLRQ
ZDVVLJQL¿FDQWO\LQFUHDVHGIURPWRDQGK\GURJHQDWHGIDW
P82-14 XVHVIRUIU\LQJZDVGHFHDVHGIURPWR SYDOXH 
BEHAVIORAL CHANGES OF CHILDREN IN A DISCUSSION: The evolving research behind dietary fats offers
NATIONAL FRUIT SCHEME PROGRAM IN FRANCE a great opportunity for nutrition scientists and food scientists
Padilla, Martine ; Oberti, Bénédicte to work in concert to deliver nutrition recommendations that
,QVWLWXW$JURQRPLTXH0pGLWHUUDQpHQ0RQWSHOOLHU&HGH[, promote health.
FRA

OBJECTIVES: Fruit consumption is low in France, among P82-16


youth and disadvantaged populations. Children’s learning fruit A SYSTEM REVIEW ON GROWTH MONITORING
in schools is appropriate. The relay by the family is important PROGRAM IN NARMADA, WEST LOMBOK
IRULQÀXHQFLQJEHKDYLRUWKDWLW¶VGLI¿FXOWWRFKDQJH7KH)UHQFK DISTRICT, INDONESIA
JRYHUQPHQWKDV LPSOHPHQWHG³8Q )UXLW j OD 5pFUp´SURJUDP Harmiko, Markus P.1; Pangaribuan, Rosnani V.2; Dillon,
free distribution of fruit in schools. The objective of this paper Drupardi2; Wibowo, Lindawati2; Rosalina, Tina
is to assess the impact of this program on knowledge, attitudes 1
World Vision Indonesia, Jakarta, IDN; 2Seameo-Tropmed,
and behavior. RCCN, Jakarta, IDN; EPOS, Kupang, NTT, IDN
METHODS: 6DPSOHRIFKLOGUHQ \HDUV DQGWKHLU
parents, with a focus on disadvantaged populations and a BACKGROUND: Growth Monitoring Program (GMP) is one
FRQWUROJURXSZLWKRXWDFWLRQ6XUYH\VLQFOXGHIRFXVJURXSV essential health service program done in Indonesia to prevent
questionnaires before and after distribution of fruits. JURZWK IDOWHULQJ DPRQJ XQGHU ¿YH RI DJH FKLOGUHQ *03 LV
RESULTS: Children like fruit and are well informed about implemented monthly in integrated health posts by volunteer
KHDOWK EHQH¿WV )UHTXHQF\ RI FRQVXPSWLRQ LV FORVH WR WKH health workers. GMP system review was done in West Lombok
recommendations. They are willing to consume more natural to portrait the main problems faced by the health workers in the
form or juice. The diversity of fruit is essential. It is consumed area where the prevalence of under nutrition was still high.
during the meal and not associated with snacking. Parents, even METHOD: Health System Analysis (HSA) was applied to
in deprived areas, regularly buy and consume fruits. They are assess the essential system components of GMP and their inter-
sensitive to the interests of fruit for children. relationships. The study assessed staffs in district of health,
CONCLUSION: The situation seems more favorable than KHDGRISULPDU\KHDOWKFHQWHUVLQVXEGLVWULFWVLQWHJUDWHG
what national statistics show. A key to the success of this type health post in villages and its health volunteer workers.
of action is to involve children in their achievement. RESULT: Authority’s supervision was ineffective and
intersectoral coordination was not optimal. Score of planning
DQGPDQDJHPHQWE\SULPDU\KHDOWKFHQWHUZDVZKLOHVFRUH
P82-15 IRULQWHJUDWHGKHDOWKSRVWVLQYLOODJHVZDV9ROXQWHHUKHDOWK
EFFECT OF NUTRITION EDUCATION ON DIETARY workers and caregivers had low GMP knowledge. Community
PATTERN OF FAT CONSUMPTION IN RURAL LQYROYHPHQWZDVQRWVXI¿FLHQWWRDOORZKLJKFRYHUDJHRI*03
DISTRICT OF BORKHAR (ISFAHAN_IRAN) CONCLUSION: GMP essential system components were
Paknahad, Zamzam lacking in term of inadequate resources in integrated health
Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, IRN SRVWORZTXDOLW\RIPRQLWRULQJV\VWHPLQVXI¿FLHQWNQRZOHGJH
of volunteer health workers, improper plan and management
INTRODUCATION: Dietary fat is a nutrient needed for an RI SULPDU\ KHDOWK FHQWHU LQ VXEGLVWULFW DQG LQVXI¿FLHQW
overall healthful lifestyle. Fat is the most concentrated source of intersectoral coordination. The situation directs to low
of energy in the diet. Dietary fat supplies essential fatty acids, achievement of GMP outcomes
which are especially important to children for proper growth.
In addition, fat is required for maintenance of healthy skin,
for regulation of cholesterol metabolism, and as a precursor P82-17
of prostaglandins, hormone-like substances that regulate many DEVELOPMENT OF AN INTERACTIVE NUTRITION
body functions. It is also needed to carry and aid in the absorption EDUCATION WEBSITE FOR PATIENTS WITH TYPE 2
of fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K and carotenoids. The DIABETES MELLITUS
PDLQ FRQFHUQ DERXW H[FHVV IDWV LQ WKH GLHW FHQWHUV RQ WKHLU Ramadas, Amutha1; 4XHN.LD)1; Oldenberg, Brian2; Chan,
potential role in raising blood cholesterol, a risk factor in the Carina1; Hussein, Zanariah
development of coronary heart disease (CHD). The prevalence 1
Monash University, Selangor Darul Ehsan, MYS; 2Monash
of cardiovascular risk factors is increasing in industrialized University, Victoria, AUS; Hospital Putrajaya, Putrajaya,
communities. The aim of present study is assessing the effect MYS
of Education on the behavior of families about dietary pattern
of fat consumption. RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: Despite the ability of the
METHODS: ,QWKLVFURVV±VHFWLRQDOVWXG\UXUDOIDPLOLHV Internet to hold wide-scale health promotion, no published
were selected, and studied during 2 steps: study focused on dietary behavior change in adults with type 2
1) Before Education: practice assessment about type of Dietary diabetes mellitus via a website-based system were found. The
fat (which they consumed during food cooking and preparation) objective of this study is to develop and evaluate an interactive
ZDVLQWURGXFHGE\LQWHUYLHZDQG¿OOLQJRITXHVWLRQQDLUHWKHQ nutrition education website for patients with type 2 diabetes
education about the types of edible oils and fats was done by mellitus.
pamphlets, booklets about health effects of different kinds of MATERIALS & METHODS: A user-friendly website will
435
be developed using the Transtheoretical Model and Object by USDA SNAP-Outreach.
Oriented Programming approach. Modularity, simplicity,
clarity, reliability, safety and maintainability will be used as
criteria in the development of the system. The system will be P82-20
EXLOWXVLQJ3+3DQGSRZHUHGE\0\64/ NUTRITION EDUCATION IN ECD TEACHER
RESULTS & FINDINGS: This will be a theory-based TRAINING AND PRIMARY SCHOOL CURRICULUM
interactive website that will emphasize on nutrition behavioral IN KENYA
PRGL¿FDWLRQ ,PPHGLDWH IHHGEDFN UHFHLYHG ZLOO LPLWDWH WKH Kimiywe, Judith
responses usually given during face-to-face counseling. Besides Kenyatta University, Nairobi, KEN
SURYLGLQJHYLGHQFHEDVHGUHFRPPHQGDWLRQVWKDWLVPRGL¿HGWR
WKH ORFDO FRQWH[W WKLV ZHEVLWH ZLOO DOVR SURYLGH UHOLDEOH DQG $FXUULFXOXPLVGH¿QHGDVDJXLGHZKLFKGH¿QHVIRUWHDFKHUV
comprehensive nutritional information to the patients. and educators the knowledge and skills for learners. The
CONCLUSION: The website is hoped to improve patients’ SXUSRVH RI WKLV SURMHFW ZDV WR UHYLHZ WKH H[LVWLQJ (&'
KAP, while reducing the cost and burden of face-to-face teacher training and primary school curriculum in, to identify
counseling. opportunities where knowledge, skills, behavioral change and
DWWLWXGHVRQQXWULWLRQDQGKHDOWKFDQEHUHLQIRUFHG,GHQWL¿HG
also were supplementary teaching materials available and what
P82-18 would be required for effective nutrition Education. The scope
EVIDENCE OF HOUSEHOLD COUNSELING IN RI WKH ZRUN ZDV WR UHYLHZ WKH H[LVWLQJ V\OODEXV WR LGHQWLI\
IMPROVING NUTRITION BEHAVIORS ³HQWU\SRLQWV´RQQXWULWLRQLQDOOVXEMHFWVZKLFKFDQEHHQULFKHG
3DOR/D[PLNDQWDPradhan, Mamata with support materials and practical actions. Curriculum
The IntraHealth International, New Delhi, IND coverage for ECD was found to be adequate however in depth
assessment of teaching methods needs to be done. Curriculum
Three of the four leading causes of death in Jordan can be audit for primary schools found that there was more emphasis
attributed to poor dietary behaviors. Healthcare professionals on classroom teaching and therefore recommend a tripartite
continue to struggle with the most effective ways to deliver DSSURDFKWRPDNHLWQHHGV±EDVHG7KHUHLVQHHGWRXSGDWHDQG
nutrition messages that will result in changes in dietary behavior. EURDGHQWKHVFRSHDQGFRQWHQWIRUWH[WERRNVDQGRWKHUOHDUQLQJ
Nutrition education strategies targeted at increasing awareness materials.
RI WKH EHQH¿WV RI FKURQLF GLVHDVH ULVN IDFWRU PDQDJHPHQW
while promoting behavioral change are marginal. In this study,
we illustrate how a weekly evidence-based nutrition column P82-21
published in a leading daily newspaper of Jordan, and written APPLICABILITY OF THEORY OF PLANNED
by a registered dietitian, results in improving household and BEHABIOR IN PREDICTING WEIGHT
community level nutrition behavior outcomes when compared MANAGEMENT BEHAVIORS IN KOREAN
with nutrition-related news items from other local daily AMERICANS
QHZVSDSHUV ,W SUHVHQWV DQ DQDO\WLFDO SHUVSHFWLYH RI H[SHFWHG Lee, Soo-Kyung
DQGXQH[SHFWHGRXWFRPHVRIDUHSUHVHQWDWLYHVXUYH\RIUHDGHUV Inha University, Incheon, KOR
in Jordan. The study revealed a strong dearth in the availability
of effective, evidence-based nutrition communication tools and RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Obesity has become an
KLJKOLJKWHG FRQVXPHU FRQIXVLRQ WRZDUGV FRQÀLFWLQJ PHGLD LPSRUWDQW JOREDO KHDOWK SUREOHP KRZHYHU SUHYHQWLQJ DQG
messages. We conclude that media is a valuable and effective or treating obesity has not been very successful. This study
tool in communicating nutrition education when supported by H[DPLQHGZKHWKHUWKH7KHRU\RI3ODQQHG%HKDYLRU 73% FRXOG
VFLHQWL¿FLQIRUPDWLRQIURPQXWULWLRQSURIHVVLRQDODQGZKHQXVHG be effectively used in body weight management research with
as an adjunct to national food and nutrition policy initiatives, Korean Americans.
DQGKDVWKHSRWHQWLDOWRVLJQL¿FDQWO\LPSURYHDEURDGUDQJHRI MATERIALS & METHODS: This cross-sectional mail
household-based nutrition behaviors. VXUYH\ VHQW D VHW RI .RUHDQ(QJOLVK TXHVWLRQQDLUHV WR 
Korean Americans residing in metropolitan areas. The
questionnaires obtained information on body weight status,
P82-19 weight management behaviors (B), and the factors of the TPB
FOOD ASSISTANCE PROGRAM ACCESS: REACHING (attitude (A), subjective norm (SN), perceived behavioral
OUT TO LOW INCOME LATINOS IN THE USA control (PBC), behavioral intention (BI) and demographic
6HJXUD3HUH]6R¿D1; Damio, Grace1; Hromi-Fiedler, Amber2; information.
Perez-Escamilla, Rafael2 RESULTS & FINDINGS: The mail survey resulted in a
1
Hispanic Health Council, Hartford, CT, USA; 2University of usable sample of 410 questionnaires. Among Korean American
Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA PHQ DQG ZRPHQ   DQG  %0,   ZHUH
RYHUZHLJKW DQG    DQG  %0, !   ZHUH REHVH E\
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), the WHO standards, respectively. Performing any body weight
formerly known as the Food Stamp Program, is the largest PDQDJHPHQWEHKDYLRUVZDVVLJQL¿FDQWO\UHODWHGWRWKHLUFXUUHQW
federal program for the prevention of hunger and food insecurity body weight status. Among the major factors of the TPB, attitude
in the U.S.A. The main goal of the SNAP Outreach Program appeared to be more important than SN or PBC in forming BI in
at the Hispanic Health Council is to increase awareness of both men and women, multiple regression analyses controlling
and participation in this program among low-income Latinos for age, body weight status, and other demographic status. The
in Connecticut, using a multi-strategy approach including UHJUHVVLRQDQDO\VHVVKRZHGUHDVRQDEOHH[SODLQLQJSRZHU 5
outreach, social marketing and application assistance. The a  ZKLFK LQGLFDWHV WKH 73% FRXOG EH XVHIXO LQ ZHLJKW
program’s social marketing efforts include: advertisements management research.
placed in public buses and Latino mass media channels (radio, CONCLUSION: Applying social science theories such as
TV, printed media); and the development of two fotonovelas. WKH 73% ZRXOG HQKDQFH HIIHFWLYHQHVV RI QXWULWLRQ HGXFDWLRQ
Results from the evaluation of the mass media campaign counseling programs for obesity prevention and treatment.
LQGLFDWHGKLJKOHYHORIFRYHUDJH  DQGSXEOLFVDWLVIDFWLRQ
ZLWKWKHFDPSDLJQ  DQGDSRVLWLYHLPSDFWRQ61$3
DSSOLFDWLRQV6LQFHWKHSURJUDPKDVUHDFKHGWKRXVDQGVRI
clients with information about the SNAP program and provided
GLUHFWVHUYLFHVWRDOPRVWFOLHQWV7KLVSURJUDPLVIXQGHG
436
P82-22 JUDQGPRWKHUVRIZKLFKRIWKHUHVSRQGHQWVSUDFWLFHGZKDW
DIETARY DIVERSIFICATION AMONG PRIMARY the grandmothers said.
SCHOOL CHILDREN IN VHEMBE DISTRICT OF Grandmothers should be targeted to reduce contradictory
LIMPOPO PROVINCE: AN INTERVENTION TO appropriate complementary feeding information reaching
IMPROVE THE CONSUMPTION OF INDIGENOUS mothers.
FOODS
Mbhatsani, HV1; 0EKHQ\DQH;LNRPELVR;*1; Makuse,
Sefora, SHM2 P82-24
1
University of Venda, Polokwane, ZAF; 2University of MID DAY MEAL: A TOOL FOR IMPARTING
Limpopo, Polokwane, ZAF NUTRITION/HEALTH EDUCATION TO PRIMARY
SCHOOL CHILDREN
RATIONALE: Nutrition knowledge is one of the factors that Passi, Santosh J. ; Ramana, Rajeshwari
FDQLQÀXHQFHHDWLQJKDELWV,Q6RXWK$IULFDWKHLPSRUWDQFHRI Institute of Home Economics, New Delhi, Delhi, IND
indigenous foods is not very high. They have been labeled as
food for the poor people with knowledge associated to it as old. BACKGROUND: In India, Nutrition Support to Primary
These labels led to a shift in food use and less willingness of the (GXFDWLRQ0LG'D\0HDO 0'0 3URJUDPPHHQWLWOHVSULPDU\
youth to learn about them. VFKRRO FKLOGUHQ D GDLO\ PHDO SURYLGLQJ  .&DOV DQG J
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine protein. It is envisaged that this Programme could serve as a
knowledge of primary school children about indigenous foods. platform for imparting nutrition messages to promote healthier
An intervention to improve their knowledge was developed. practices.
MATERIALS & METHODS: 'HVLJQLVTXDVLH[SHULPHQWDO OBJECTIVE: To impart nutrition and health education (NHE)
7KH SRSXODWLRQ ZDV FKLOGUHQ DJHG  LQ JUDGH  DQG  WRFKLOGEHQH¿FLDULHVRIRQJRLQJ0'03URJUDPPH
in two primary schools from Dzimauli and Phaphazela. METHODOLOGY: 1,110 Municipal Corporation of Delhi
Data was collected using knowledge questionnaire to test school children in grade IV were imparted NHE by the
children’s knowledge of indigenous foods at baseline and after UHVHDUFKHUWKHLUWHDFKHUV RULHQWDWHGIRUHIIHFWLYHO\LPSDUWLQJ
LQWHUYHQWLRQ7KHLQIRUPDWLRQZDVREWDLQHGIURPFKLOGUHQ 1+( XVLQJ0'0DVDWRRO(PSOR\LQJVSHFL¿FDOO\GHVLJQHG
'DWDZDVDQDO\]HGXVLQJ6336YHUVLRQ IEC material such as nutrition games, mime, puppet show
RESULTS AND FINDINGS: The results indicated that and puzzles, these children were taught about balanced food,
many children had prior knowledge about indigenous foods hygiene and food safety.
SDUWLFXODUO\ IUXLWV DQG YHJHWDEOHV DW  DQG  RESULTS: Comparison of the pre and post intervention data
respectively. Data also suggest that the knowledge fairly LQGLFDWHV D VLJQL¿FDQW LPSURYHPHQW LQ NQRZOHGJH VFRUHV DQG
LQFUHDVHGVL[PRQWKVDIWHULQWHUYHQWLRQ a positive change in certain practices, both in the researcher
CONCLUSION: Knowledge of indigenous foods depends on taught and the teachers taught groups.
availability and accessibility in the community where children CONCLUSION: MDM can be an effective tool for imparting
live as well as at household level. However, there is need to NHE to schoolchildren.
include indigenous foods as part of curriculum to improve
awareness.
P83: Food Regulation (Labeling & Claim)

P82-23
SOURCES OF MATERNAL KNOWLEDGE OF P83-01
APPROPRIATE COMPLEMENTARY FEEDING IN GLOBAL TRENDS IN FOOD AND NUTRITION
NORTHERN GHANA LABELING
Mensah-Homiah, Joseph Albert, Janice L.
Millennium Villages Project, Ghana, Manso-Nkwanta, GHA Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations,
Rome, ITA
Maternal knowledge about childcare is accumulated from
different sources. These sources include formal education, Consumers in many countries seek labeling information that
JUDQGPRWKHUVPRWKHUVLQODZV SHHUV KHDOWKFDUH ZRUNHUV HWF relates to the health, safety, environmental and socioeconomic
The content of these information are sometimes contradictory characteristics of food products. In responding to these demands,
yet the mothers have to synthesize the information, make regulatory agencies and the food industry must ensure that
decisions and translate these into childcare practices. The labels are accurate, truthful and not misleading. To be effective,
FKRLFHVWKHPRWKHUPDNHVDUHLQÀXHQFHGE\VRFLDODQGFXOWXUDO labels must be easily understood by diverse population groups.
IDFWRUV FRPSRXQGLQJ WKH GLI¿FXOW\ RI WKH PRWKHU PDNLQJ This presentation will provide information about the latest
a sovereign decision. To effectively inform the mother, it is international developments in mandatory and voluntary food
LPSRUWDQW WR NQRZ WKH PRVW VLJQL¿FDQW VRXUFH IRU HIIHFWLYH labeling. The status of mandatory nutrition labeling and new
WDUJHWLQJ7KLVVWXG\DVVHVVHGWKHPRVWVLJQL¿FDQWVRXUFHDQG developments in the presentation of nutrition information will
content of information on complementary feeding in maternal be discussed. Voluntary labeling related to environmental and
knowledge in northern Ghana. VRFLDOLVVXHVZLOOEHH[SODLQHG7KHFKDOOHQJHVRIKDUPRQL]DWLRQ
(LJKW\HLJKW PRWKHUV RI FKLOGUHQ  PR  DWWHQGLQJ  of food labeling and the particular needs of developing countries
post-natal clinics were randomly studied on their sources of will be described.
complementary information. The husbands, grandmothers, and
the best friend of each of the 92 mothers were also interviewed.
Community health nurses of the clinics the mothers attended
were as well interviewed. Complementary information in
publications available at the clinics, a national daily newspaper
and the most popular national weekly newspaper were
eventually studied for their content and frequency.
7KH PRVW VLJQL¿FDQW VRXUFH RI DSSURSULDWH FRPSOHPHQWDU\
IHHGLQJ ZDV WKH KHDOWK ZRUNHU   IROORZHG E\ WKH
JUDQGPRWKHU  DQGWKHQWKHSHHUV1RQHRIWKHUHVSRQGHQWV
mentioned printed material as the source of information. Some
messages from the nurses were contradictory to that of the
437
P83-02 P83-04
GINKGO BILOBA: CONTENT, SAFETY AND THE FRENCH OBSERVATORY OF FOOD QUALITY
EFFICACY Goglia, Raffaella1; Ménard, Céline2
Baars, Bertjan; de Kaste, Dries; de Rooij, Ellen; Fransen, 1
INRA, Ivry sur Seine, FRA; 2Afssa, Maisons-Alfort, FRA
Heidi P.; Pelgrom, Sylvia; Pronk, Marja;
Rompelberg, Cathy; Verhagen, Hans The French national nutrition program encourages manufacturers
National Institute for Public Health and the Environment to improve the nutritional quality of the processed food. In this
(RIVM), NLD FRQWH[W WKH )UHQFK 2EVHUYDWRU\ RI )RRG 4XDOLW\ 2TDOL  ZDV
VHW XS LQ  ¿QDQFHG E\ DXWKRULWLHV DQG LPSOHPHQWHG E\
OBJECTIVE: Ginkgo biloba (GB) is claimed to improve Afssa and INRA.
blood circulation and memory, and to diminish symptoms of
old age. We applied a multidisciplinary approach to test 1) Oqali’s goal is to monitor the global changes in the food
WKHFRQWHQW WKHVDIHW\DQG WKHHI¿FDF\RI*%FRQWDLQLQJ supply by measuring the evolution of processed and packaged
herbal products on the market. foodstuffs in the French market, in terms of nutritional and
MATERIALS&METHODS: The content of presumed active socio-economic parameters. Oqali records in a database, and
ingredients was measured in 29 products. The safety of GB was analyses, at the product level, the data on foodstuffs (nutritional
DVVHVVHGE\HYDOXDWLQJSXEOLFO\DYDLODEOHGDWDRQWR[LFLW\7KH information, claims, market shares, prices...) using several
HI¿FDF\RI*%ZDVHYDOXDWHGXSRQOLWHUDWXUHVHDUFKE\DSSO\LQJ sources: manufacturers’ information, packaging, nutrient
the Passclaim criteria to three health claims. analyses and food consumption and purchases data.
RESULTS: For most of the products their contents did not Partnerships have been formed with manufacturers to validate
comply with the declaration on the label. In case studies WKHVFLHQWL¿FPHWKRGVXVHGWRDQDO\]HWKHGDWD
EOHHGLQJV DUH UHSRUWHG DQG WKH SUHVHQFH RI JHQRWR[LF DQG Different categories of food products (breakfast cereals, sweet
FDUFLQRJHQLF VXEVWDQFHV FDQQRW EH H[FOXGHG )XUWKHU WR[LFLW\ biscuits and fresh dairy products) have already been surveyed
data on GB are too scarce to allow establishment of a safe and additional products (pre-packed meat products, stewed and
OHYHO7KHUHZDVLQVXI¿FLHQWVFLHQWL¿FHYLGHQFHIRUWKUHHKHDOWK canned fruit…) will be studied in 2009.
claims. An annual report, reporting the main results, is published and
CONCLUSION: 7KHUH LV QR SURRI RI VDIHW\ DQG HI¿FDF\ available on Internet: www.oqali.fr.
of GB-containing herbal products currently on the market, So, Oqali provides tools to meet public health challenges on
and many do not contain what is declared on the label. The nutritional information.
multidisciplinary approach gives a good insight into the aspects
that are relevant for the evaluation of health claims for herbal
substances. P83-05
5HSRUW LQ'XWFK DYDLODEOHDWKWWSZZZULYPQOELEOLRWKHHN THE EFFECTS OF AWARENESS OF NUTRITION
UDSSRUWHQKWPO LABELING ON DIETARY ATTITUDES AND
NUTRITION KNOWLEDGE BY HIGH SCHOOL
STUDENTS IN JEON JU AREA
P83-03 Song, Hyun-Jung; Sohn, Hee-Sook
SCORING EVALUATION OF NUTRIENTS (ENERGY, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, KOR
SUGAR, FAT AND SODIUM) FROM NUTRITION
INFORMATION OF PACKAGED SNACKS This study was carried out to investigate dietary attitude
Chittchang, Uraiporn; Kamchansuppasin, Achiraya; nutrition knowledge of high school students in Jeon-ju, and to
Nounmusig, Jureeporn; Puwastien, Prapasri; Sirichakwal, investigate their awareness of nutrition labeling. In addition,
Prapaisri this study was carried out of analyze the effect of awareness of
Institute of Nutrition, Mahidol University, THA nutrition labeling on dietary attitude and nutrition knowledge,
in order to provide a fundamental data for nutrition training for
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: Committee for Nutrition health diet to adolescents. The results of this study were: the
Claim and Health, Thai FDA established a guideline for healthy PHDQ KHLJKW DQG %0, ZHUH FP NJ NJP DQG
snacks. Four main nutrients (energy, sugar, fat and sodium) that FPNJNJPRIPDOHVDQGIHPDOHVUHVSHFWLYHO\
affect non communicable disease were evaluated in commercial 7KHVFRUHLQWKHLGHQWL¿FDWLRQRIQXWULWLRQODEHOLQJZDVLQ
snacks using scoring system. WRWDOZLWKLQPDOHVDQGLQIHPDOHV7KHVFRUHLQWKH
MATERIALS & METHODS: Data was collected from LPSRUWDQFHRIQXWULWLRQODEHOLQJHOHPHQWVZDVLQWRWDOZLWK
nutrition information on snacks’ packages. A score was given LQPDOHVDQGLQIHPDOHV7KHVFRUHLQWKHNQRZOHGJH
DFFRUGLQJWRWKHJXLGHOLQHRUZKLFKUHSUHVHQWQXWULHQW RI QXWULWLRQ ODEHOLQJ ZDV  LQ WRWDO ZLWK  LQ PDOHV DQG
FRQWHQW OHVV WKDQ  EHWZHHQ  DQG PRUH WKDQ  RI  LQ IHPDOHV 5HJUHVVLRQ DQDO\VLV UHVXOWV ZKHQ DZDUHQHVV
Thai RDI, respectively. Total score of all nutrients was averaged of nutrition labeling is high, then the nutrition knowledge also
and the accepted score value for healthy snack is proposed to be high.
!RXWRI
RESULTS: 7KHVFRUHRIVDPSOHVZHUHJUDGHGDFFRUGLQJWR
WKHJXLGHOLQHIRUKHDOWK\VQDFNV6HYHQWHHQRXWRI   P83-06
EDNHU\ SURGXFWV  RXW RI    H[WUXGHG FDUERK\GUDWH EUROPEAN FOOD SAFETY AUTHORITY AND
EDVHGRXWRI  QXWVDQGVHHGVRXWRISURWHLQ NUTRITION & HEALTH CLAIMS: THE STORY SO
EDVHG VQDFNV DQG QRQH RI  GLIIHUHQW NLQGV RI FKLSV ZHUH FAR
FODVVL¿HGDVKHDOWK\VQDFNV Lalor, Fiona
CONCLUSION: 6QDFNV ZLWK WKH VFRUHV RI !  HVSHFLDOO\ University College Dublin
protein based snacks, could be promoted as a choice of healthy
snacks. However, the consumption of these products should not RATIONAL & OBJECTIVES: The European Food Safety
be more than twice a day. $XWKRULW\ ()6$  KDV UHFHLYHG  DSSOLFDWLRQV XQGHU (8
5HJXODWLRQ  RQ QXWULWLRQ DQG KHDOWK FODLPV DQG KDV
begun publishing opinions. The objective of this study was to
review opinions published thus far.
MATERIALS & METHODS: The complete opinions
published by EFSA were studied in detail for each application.
RESULTS & FINDINGS: To date, EFSA has adopted opinions
438
RQGLIIHUHQWDSSOLFDWLRQVIRUQXWULWLRQDQGKHDOWKFODLPV7KH ZHUHUDQGRPL]HGWRUHFHLYHJRIDQH[SHULPHQWDOEHYHUDJH
largest category of opinions published were Food supplements FRQWDLQLQJ VR\SHSWLGH HTXLYDOHQW WR DQ J LQWDNH RI VR\
 :KROHIRRGDQGGULQNUHSUHVHQWRIRSLQLRQVDQG peptide) or a nitrogen-free placebo beverage prior to a sequence
WKH UHVW   DUH &RQVWLWXHQWV IRU DGGLWLRQ RU LQFOXVLRQ LQ RI VTXDW WDVNV DV WKH HFFHQWULF H[HUFLVH 0XVFOH VRUHQHVV LQ
D IRRG RU GULQN  7KH ODUJHVW SURSRUWLRQ   RI RSLQLRQV WKLJKEHIRUHDQGDIWHUH[HUFLVHDQGWKHIROORZLQJGD\VZHUH
SXEOLVKHGWKXVIDUZHUHLQWKH%UDLQ&RQFHQWUDWLRQ&RJQLWLRQ evaluated using a visual-analogue scale. Blood was also sampled
$Q[LHW\ ¿HOG ZKLOH *, LVVXHV (\HVYLVLRQ DQG 2WKHU ¿HOGV MXVWSULRUWRGULQNLQWDNHLPPHGLDWHO\SRVWH[HUFLVHDQGDJDLQ
ZHUHWKHVHFRQGPRVWKLJKO\UHSUHVHQWHG HDFK 7ZHOYH DW  DQG  KRXUV SRVWH[HUFLVH 7KHUH ZHUH QR VLJQL¿FDQW
RIWKHRSLQLRQVSXEOLVKHGKDYHUHFHLYHGDSSURYDODQGZHUH differences between groups in creatine phosphokinase, lactic
rejected. Applications were rejected on the grounds that no acid, and growth hormone levels, etc, whereas changes of
cause and effect relationship had been established. DPLQRDFLGVFRQFHQWUDWLRQLQVHUXPZHUHVLJQL¿FDQWO\GLIIHUHQW
CONCLUSION: Few applications for a nutrition or health especially Arg, Asn, Met, and BCAA. The ingestion of soy-
claim are receiving approval through this process. For now and SHSWLGH SULRU WR WKH H[HUFLVH UHVXOWHG LQ D VLJQL¿FDQW GHFUHDVH
VRIDULWVHHPVWKDWZLWKDIHZH[FHSWLRQV()6$LVQRWVDWLV¿HG RIPXVFOHVRUHQHVVDWRUGD\VSRVWH[HUFLVHFRPSDUHGZLWK
WKDWWKHVFLHQWL¿FHYLGHQFHVXSSRUWLQJWKHDSSOLFDWLRQVLVUREXVW the placebo. These results suggest that soy-peptide intake prior
enough. WR HFFHQWULF H[HUFLVH GHFUHDVH '206 6R\SHSWLGH ZRXOG EH
XVHIXOIRUPXVFOHUHFRYHU\IROORZLQJH[HUFLVH

P84: Nutrient Supplementation (single, multiple


combinations) II P84-03
IN VITRO RELEASE OF FOLIC ACID FROM
PHARMACEUTICALS PREPARATION
P84-01 Nasution, Zuraidah1; Arcot, Jayashree2
EFFECTIVENESS OF DAILY AND WEEKLY IRON 1
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Kuala Terengganu,
SUPPLEMENTATION IN THE PREVENTION OF Terengganu, MYS; 2The University of New South Wales,
ANEMIA IN INFANTS Sydney, NSW, AUS
Engstrom, Elyne Montenegro1; Castro, Inês
Rugani Ribeiro de2; Margareth, Portela1; Cardoso, To ensure the quality of folic acid tablets, USP 24 was
Leticia Oliveira1; Monteiro, Carlos Augusto established as a standard dissolution test using water as the test
1
Oswaldo Cruz Fundation, Rio de Janeiro RJ, BRA; 2State solution. However, human digestive secretions do not consist
University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro-RJ, BRA; RQO\RIZDWHU7KXVDQH[SHULPHQWWRREVHUYHWKHLQYLWURUHOHDVH

University of Sao Paulo, São Paulo-SP, BRA of folic acid from pharmaceutical preparations was carried out
XWLOL]LQJ VLPXODWHG KXPDQ JDVWURLQWHVWLQDO ÀXLG 7KH DSSOLHG
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of universal IDFWRUV ZHUH W\SH RI WHVW VROXWLRQ VLPXODWHG JDVWULF ÀXLG
prophylactic supplementation with iron sulfate (IS) on daily or VLPXODWHGJDVWULFDQGLQWHVWLQDOÀXLGZDWHU DQGW\SHRIWDEOHWV
weekly basis in the prevention of anemia in infants. IROLF DFLG IROLF DFLG DQG LURQ % FRPSOH[ PXOWLYLWDPLQ DQG
METHODS: 5DQGRPL]HGFOLQLFDO¿HOGWULDOZLWKFKLOGUHQ PLQHUDOV )ROLFDFLGZDVH[WUDFWHGIURPWDEOHWVIROORZLQJ863
months seen at primary health care units in the municipality SURFHGXUH7KHW\SHRIWHVWVROXWLRQVJDYHVLJQL¿FDQWHIIHFW
RI 5LR GH -DQHLUR %UD]LO EHWZHHQ  DQG  7KUHH WRZDUGWKHWDEOHWGLVLQWHJUDWLRQSUR¿OHZKHUHDVIRUWKHIROLFDFLG
FRQFXUUHQWFRKRUWVZHUHFRPSDUHGGDLO\JURXS Q PJ GLVVROXWLRQSUR¿OHWKHW\SHRIWHVWVROXWLRQVDQGWKHLQWHUDFWLRQ
)HGD\  ZHHNO\ JURXS Q  PJ )HZHHN  DQG FRQWURO RILWDQGWKHW\SHRIWDEOHWVDIIHFWHGWKHUHVXOWVVLJQL¿FDQWO\7KH
group. The intervention consisted of universal supplementation FRPELQDWLRQ RI VLPXODWHG JDVWULF DQG LQWHVWLQDO ÀXLG JDYH WKH
with IS for 24 weeks, combined with educational adherence- KLJKHVWUHVXOWVZKHUHLWGLVLQWHJUDWHGRIWKHWDEOHWV¶GU\
promoting measures. Effectiveness was evaluated using ZHLJKW DQG GLVVROYHG  RI WKH ODEHOHG IROLF DFLG FRQWHQW
multiple regression analysis. from the tablets. These results showed that a combination of
RESULTS: High adhesion to protocol was observed in both VLPXODWHGJDVWULFDQGLQWHVWLQDOÀXLGFRXOGEHSURSRVHGDVDWHVW
groups. After adjustment, only the daily regimen showed a solution in standard dissolution test.
protective effect even in the adherence analysis (dose-response
effect). No protective effect was detected for the weekly
regimen. P84-04
CONCLUSIONS: 8QLYHUVDOVXSSOHPHQWDWLRQZLWK,6IURPVL[ INVESTIGATING THE EFFECTS OF VITMAIN D
to 12 months of age was effective in increasing serum Hb and SUPPLEMENTATION ON METABOLIC HEALTH
decreasing risk of anemia only when administered on a daily PARAMETERS IN HEALTHY ADULTS
basis. OSullivan, Aifric M.1; Brennan, Lorraine1; Cashman,
Kevin2; Flynn, Albert2; Shanahan, Fergus2; Kaluskar,
Soniya1; OConnor, Aine1; Mion, Brian1; Gibney, Mike J.1
P84-02 1
University College Dublin, Dublin, IRL; 2University College
EFFECT OF SOY PROTEIN INTAKE IN PEPTIDE Cork, Cork, IRL
FORM ON DELAYED-ONSET MUSCLE SORENESS
INDUCED BY ECCENTRIC EXERCISE RATIONALE: Accumulating evidence from association
Nakanishi, Yukiko1; Shirakawa, Saiko2; Maebuchi, VWXGLHV VXJJHVWV WKDW YLWDPLQ ' GH¿FLHQF\ LQFUHDVHV WKH ULVN
Motohiro; Okubo, Miho; Ikeda, Takako2; Inage, Hiroko2; of insulin resistance, cardiovascular disease and the metabolic
Suzuki, Mikiko2; Samoto, Masahiko; Kimura, Shuichi2 V\QGURPH  7KH HIIHFWV RI YLWDPLQ' VXSSOHPHQWDWLRQ RQ
1
Graduate School of Human Life Sciences Showa Women’s markers of the metabolic syndrome were investigated using a
University, Tokyo, JPN; 2Showa Women’s University, combination of biochemical and metabolomic techniques.
Setagaya-ku, Tokyo, JPN; Fuji Oil Co., Ltd., Tsukubamirai, METHODS: +HDOWK\PDOHVDQGIHPDOHV \HDUVQ  
Ibaraki, JPN XQGHUZHQWDZHHNVXSSOHPHQWWULDORIYLWDPLQ'ZLWKEORRG
urine and faecal samples collected at baseline and endpoint.
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the ability of soy- Food diaries were used to estimate habitual diet and monitor
peptide intake to reduce the symptoms of delayed onset LQWHUYHQWLRQFRPSOLDQFH6HUXPK\GUR[\YLWDPLQ'> 2+
muscle soreness (DOMS). A randomized, placebo-controlled, '@DQGIDFWRUVUHODWHGWRWKHPHWDEROLFV\QGURPH HJJOXFRVH
FURVVRYHUVWXG\ PRZDVKRXW ZDVSHUIRUPHGZLWKKHDOWK\ LQVXOLQ FSHSWLGH ,/ &537$* 1()$ FKROHVWHURO IDWW\
XQWUDLQHGIHPDOHDGXOWVEHWZHHQWKHDJHVRIDQG6XEMHFWV DFLG SUR¿OHV OHSWLQ UHVLVWLQ DGLSRQHFWLQ DQG 71)Į  ZHUH
439
PHDVXUHG   %LRÀXLG VDPSOHV ZHUH DQDO\VHG XVLQJ +105 *6+*66*LQWKHVROHXVPXVFOHDQG*6+*66*LQWKHOLYHU
followed by multivariate data analysis. ZHUHIRXQGLQWKH',375DQG*/1$/$75JURXSV S 
RESULTS: 6HUXP  2+ ' LQFUHDVHG VLJQL¿FDQWO\ ',3/' DQG */1$/$/' JURXSV H[KLELWHG KLJKHU *6+
IURP  WR QPROO S  IROORZLQJ GSSG in the soleus muscle and liver compared with the CON-
VXSSOHPHQWDWLRQZLWKYLWDPLQ'([SHFWHGGLIIHUHQFHVGXHWR LD group (p<0.001).
VHDVRQZHUHDOVRQRWHGZLWKKLJKHU 2+ 'OHYHOVIROORZLQJ CONCLUSION: Chronic oral administration of DIP and
VXPPHU PRQWKV 6SULQJ  2+ ' OHYHOV QPROO IUHH */1$/$ EHIRUH ORQJGXUDWLRQ H[HUFLVH UHSUHVHQWV
$XWXPQ QPROS 7KHUHZHUHQRVLJQL¿FDQW an effective source of glutamine and glutamate, which may
changes in markers of the metabolic syndrome. Metabolomic LPSURYHWKHUHGR[VWDWHRIWKHFHOO
SUR¿OHVZLOOH[DPLQHJOREDOPHWDEROLFFKDQJHV 6XSSRUWHGE\)$3(63%UD]LO
CONCLUSION: 6XSSOHPHQWDWLRQZLWKJGRIYLWDPLQ'
UHVXOWV LQ VLJQL¿FDQW LQFUHDVHV LQ VHUXP  2+ ' ZLWK QR
effects on biochemical markers of the metabolic syndrome in P84-07
healthy subjects. EFFECTS OF ORAL SUPPLEMENTATION WITH
GLUTAMINE AND ALANYL-GLUTAMINE ON
PARAMETERS OF MUSCLE DAMAGE AND
P84-05 INFLAMMATION IN TRAINED RATS
EFFECT OF INULIN CONTAINING FERMENTED Cruzat, Vinicius F.; Tirapegui, Julio
MILK ADMINISTRATION ON HUMAN INTESTINAL University of São Paulo, São Paulo-SP, BRA
BACTERIAL FLORA
Shen, You-Cheng; Ko, Hui-Chun; Huang, Yun-Chien; Chen, RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: We investigated the effect
Su-Lin; Wang, Chin-Kun of supplementation with the dipeptide L-alanyl-L-glutamine
Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, TWN (DIP) and free L-glutamine and L-alanine on parameters of
PXVFOHGDPDJHDQGLQÀDPPDWLRQLQWUDLQHGUDWV
This study is to understand whether ingestion of inulin containing MATERIALS & METHODS: Rats were subjected to sessions
fermented milk would alter the human intestinal bacterial RIVZLPWUDLQLQJIRUZHHNV7ZHQW\RQHGD\VEHIRUHVDFUL¿FH
ÀRUD7KHKXPDQFOLQLFDOWULDOHPSOR\HGUDQGRPL]HGSODFHER WKH DQLPDOV ZHUH VXSSOHPHQWHG ZLWK ',3  JNJ Q    D
FRQWUROOHG GRXEOH EOLQG GHVLJQ  KHDOWK\ SDUWLFLSDQWV ZLWK VROXWLRQRIIUHH/JOXWDPLQH JNJ DQGIUHH/DODQLQH 
DJHGWR\HDUVZHUHUDQGRPO\GLYLGHGLQWRWKUHHJURXSV7KH JNJ */1$/$ Q    RU ZDWHU &21 Q    3ODVPD
GDLO\PHDOVZHUHVXSSOLHGGXULQJWKHZHHNVRIH[SHULPHQWDO glutamine, creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH),
period, including an initial one week without fermented milk WXPRUQHFURVLVIDFWRUĮ 71)Į DQGSURVWDJODQGLQ( 3J( 
UXQLQ SHULRG   ZHHNV ZLWK WZR ERWWOHV  P/ HDFK  SHU were measured.
day of fermented milk, inulin containing fermented milk, and RESULTS & FINDINGS: Higher concentrations of plasma
placebo, respectively (administration period), and 2 weeks JOXWDPLQH ZHUH IRXQG LQ WKH ',3 DQG */1$/$ JURXSV
IROORZXS SHULRG 7KH WRWDO DHURELF EDFWHULD %L¿GREDFWHULXP S ',3DQG*/1$/$JURXSVVKRZHGOHVV&. S 
spp., Lactobacillus spp., E. coil, and Clostridium perfringens DQG71)ĮFRPSDUHGZLWKWKH&21JURXS S 
of each fresh stool sample were analyzed. Results showed the CONCLUSION: Chronic oral administration of DIP and free
%L¿GREDFWHULXPLQVWRROZHUHVLJQL¿FDQWO\LQFUHDVHG S  */1$/$UHSUHVHQWVDQHIIHFWLYHVRXUFHRIJOXWDPLQHZKLFK
whereas the harmful E. coli and Clostridium perfringens PD\UHGXFHWKHGDPDJHDQGLQÀDPPDWLRQLQGXFHGE\H[HUFLVH
were decreased after ingesting the fermented milk and inulin 6XSSRUWHGE\)$3(63%UD]LO
containing fermented milk for 4 weeks, even during the follow-
up period when supplement consumption was discontinued, but
QRVLJQL¿FDQWGLIIHUHQFHZDVIRXQGIRUSODFHER,QFRQFOXVLRQ P84-08
ingestion of fermented milk or inulin containing fermented milk IRON, THIAMINE, AND MICRONUTRIENT
IRUZHHNVLVEHQH¿FLDOLQLPSURYLQJWKHLQWHVWLQDOIXQFWLRQE\ STATUS IN PREGNANT AND BREAST-FEEDING
LQFUHDVLQJWKHQXPEHURIVWRROEL¿GREDFWHULDDQGVXSSUHVVHG( WOMEN: ASSESSMENT OF FOOD RATIONS AND
coil and Clostridium perfringens. SUPPLEMENTATION IN MAELA REFUGEE CAMP,
NORTHERN THAILAND
Stuetz, Wolfgang1; Carrara, Verena2; Biesalski, Hans-Konrad1;
P84-06 Nosten, Francois2
EFFECTS OF ORAL SUPPLEMENTATION WITH 1
University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, DEU; 2Faculty of
GLUTAMINE AND ALANYL-GLUTAMINE ON Tropical Medicine, Mae Sod, THA
GLUTAMINE METABOLISM AND GLUTATHIONE
STATUS IN RATS RATIONALE: Micronutrient malnutrition remains prevalent
Cruzat, Vinicius F. ; Tirapegui, Julio in the displaced population on the north-western border of
University of Sao Paulo, São Paulo-SP, BRA 7KDLODQG 'H¿FLHQF\ RI WKLDPLQH DQG YLWDPLQ $ DV ZHOO DV
high prevalence of anaemia were documented in pregnant
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: We investigated the effect of and postpartum women. During antenatal care pregnant and
supplementation with the dipeptide L-alanyl-L-glutamine (DIP) lactating women receive additional supplementary food rations
and free L-glutamine and L-alanine, on glutamine metabolism and supplements of thiamine, folic acid and ferrous sulphate.
DQG JOXWDWKLRQH VWDWXV *6+*66*  LQ UDWV VXEMHFWHG WR ORQJ OBJECTIVES: Assessment of provided food rations and
GXUDWLRQH[HUFLVH micronutrient supplements for pregnant and postpartum women
MATERIALS & METHODS:  UDWV ZHUH VXEMHFWHG WR in Maela refugee camp.
VHVVLRQV RI VZLP WUDLQLQJ 7ZHQW\RQH GD\V EHIRUH VDFUL¿FH METHODS: Cross-sectional and follow-up studies among
the animals were supplemented with DIP, a solution of free SUHJQDQW Q! VW WR UG WULPHVWHU  DQG EUHDVWIHHGLQJ
/JOXWDPLQH DQG /DODQLQH */1$/$  RU ZDWHU &21  ZRPHQ Q! DW ZHHN  SRVW SDUWXP  EHWZHHQ  DQG
$QLPDOV ZHUH VDFUL¿FHG EHIRUH 75  RU DIWHU /'  ORQJ 2007 for the determination of iron status (serum ferritin,
GXUDWLRQ H[HUFLVH 3ODVPD PXVFOH DQG OLYHU FRQFHQWUDWLRQV RI soluble transferrin receptor), whole blood thiamine, serum
JOXWDPLQHJOXWDPDWHDQGUHGXFHGDQGR[LGL]HG *66* *6+ PLFURQXWULHQWV UHWLQROĮWRFRSKHUROȕFDURWHQH]LQFFRSSHU 
were measured. and of iron, thiamine and micronutrient levels in breast milk.
RESULTS & FINDINGS: Higher concentrations of plasma RESULTS: ,URQ VWDWXV VHUXP UHWLQRO ]LQF DQG ȕFDURWHQH
JOXWDPLQHZHUHIRXQGLQWKH',375DQG*/1$/$75JURXSV GHFUHDVHGGXULQJSUHJQDQF\5HWLQROȕFDURWHQHDQG]LQFZHUH
S  +LJKHU FRQFHQWUDWLRQV RI JOXWDPLQH JOXWDPDWH DQG higher in post partum than in early pregnancy whereas iron
440
VWDWXVZDVVLJQL¿FDQWO\ORZHU:KROHEORRGWKLDPLQHLQFUHDVHG 400μg folic acid. Data collection was done at baseline and
with the number of weeks the supplement was provided and DW JHVWDWLRQDO ZHHNV   DQG  +E ZDV PHDVXUHG XVLQJ
ZDVVWLOOKLJKDWZHHNVSRVWSDUWXPĮWRFRSKHURODQGFRSSHU HemoCue®. Adherence was assessed by counting the number
increased concurrently with serum cholesterol and triglycerides of sachets or tablets consumed.
GXULQJSUHJQDQF\DQGZHUHVLJQL¿FDQWO\ORZHULQSRVWSDUWXP RESULTS AND FINDINGS: +E GLG QRW GLIIHU VLJQL¿FDQWO\
0LON OHYHOV RI LURQ WKLDPLQH DQG PLFURQXWULHQWV H[FHSW ]LQF EHWZHHQ WKH WDEOHW DQG 309 JURXSV DW  DQG  ZHHNV
were positively correlated to their respective blood levels in +RZHYHUDWZHHNPHDQ+EZDVORZHULQ309JURXS 
post partum. J/6' FRPSDUHGWRWDEOHW J/6'  3 
CONCLUSION: 7KLDPLQHVWDWXVLVVXI¿FLHQWLQWKLVSRSXODWLRQ $WZHHNPHDQSHUFHQWDGKHUHQFHZDVLQ309JURXS
UHÀHFWLQJJRRGFRPSOLDQFHRIVXSSOHPHQWDWLRQ,URQGH¿FLHQF\ DQG  LQ WDEOHW 3  $IWHU FRQWUROOLQJ IRU DGKHUHQFH
is still prevalent despite the provision of ferrous sulphate. however, the Hb response did not differ between the groups.
9LWDPLQ $ GH¿FLHQF\ LV QRW D VHYHUH SXEOLF KHDOWK SUREOHP CONCLUSION: (I¿FDF\RILURQDQGIROLFDFLGGHOLYHUHGE\
Additional zinc supplements or zinc-enriched food rations PMV in a sachet or tablet was comparable when adherence was
PLJKWUHGXFHWKHKLJKSUHYDOHQFHRI]LQFGH¿FLHQF\LQ0DHOD controlled for.
camp.

P84-11
P84-09 PROTECTIVE EFFECT OF DAILY SESAME OIL
SOURCES OF SUPPLEMENTARY VITAMINS AND SUPPLEMENT ON GENTAMICIN-INDUCED RENAL
MINERALS IN SERBIAN NUTRITION INJURY IN RATS
Sobajic, Sladjana S.1; Djordjevic, Brizita1; Vidovic, Bojana; Hsu, Dur-Zong; Liu, Chung-Teng; Li, Ya-Hui; Chu, Pei-Yi;
Ruzic, Petrica2 Liu, Ming-Yie
1
Faculty of Pharmacy, Belgrade, YUG; 2Serbian Nutrition National Cheng Kung University Medical College, Tainan,
Society, Belgrade, YUG TWN

RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: On Serbian health product’s RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Gentamicin, an
market there are a great number of dietary supplements, but aminoglycoside antibiotic, is widely used in the treatment
DOVRIRUWL¿HGDQGIXQFWLRQDOIRRGVDQGWKHFRQVXPSWLRQRIWKHVH of Gram-negative infections; however, dose-limiting
products is common in Serbian population. In this study Serbian QHSKURWR[LFLW\ UHVWULFWV LWV RSWLPDO XVH 7KLV VWXG\ DLPHG
health products market was surveyed for products that can be to investigate the effect of daily sesame oil supplement on
used as sources of supplementary vitamins and minerals. R[LGDWLYHVWUHVVDVVRFLDWHG UHQDO LQMXU\ LQGXFHG E\ RQFHGDLO\
METHODS: A market survey of all products with vitamins and dose of gentamicin in rats.
PLQHUDOV VXSSOHPHQWV DQG IRUWL¿HG IRRGV  ZDV FDUULHG RXW LQ MATERIALS & METHODS: Renal injury was induced by
pharmacies, megastores and healthy stores. RQFHGDLO\GRVHRIJHQWDPLFLQ PJNJGIRUG WKHQWKH
RESULTS: 2XU ¿QGLQJV VKRZHG WKDW YLWDPLQV DQG PLQHUDO HIIHFWVRIVHVDPHRLO DQGP/NJGIRUGRUDOO\ 
supplements were second abundant supplements on the market, RQ UHQDO LQMXU\ R[LGDWLYH VWUHVV K\GUR[\O UDGLFDO VXSHUR[LGH
ZLWKPRUHWKDQKXQGUHGGLIIHUHQWPRQRRUPXOWLFRPSRQHQW DQLRQQLWULFR[LGHZHUHDVVHVVHGDIWHUWUHDWPHQWV
products. Magnesium and vitamin C were the most frequent RESULTS & FINDINGS: Sesame oil inhibited gentamicin-
constituents; most of the used vitamins and minerals were in the LQGXFHG UHQDO LQMXU\ OLSLG SHUR[LGDWLRQ K\GUR[\O UDGLFDO DQG
chemical forms that were in accordance with EU regulations; VXSHUR[LGHDQLRQDVZHOODVQLWULFR[LGHSURGXFWLRQ,QDGGLWLRQ
WKHLUTXDQWLWLHVRIWHQVXUSDVVHG5'$YDOXHV)RUWL¿HGIRRGVDUH VHVDPHRLODOVRLQKLELWHG[DQWKLQHR[LGDVHDFWLYLW\DQGLQGXFLEOH
VLJQL¿FDQWO\OHVVSUHVHQWRQ6HUELDQPDUNHWZLWKRQO\LRGLQHDV QLWULFR[LGHV\QWKDVHH[SUHVVLRQLQJHQWDPLFLQFKDOOHQJHGUDWV
D SDUW RI VWDWH IRUWL¿FDWLRQ SROLF\ 0LON PDUJDULQH DQG MXLFHV CONCLUSION: We hypothesize that daily sesame oil
were three different food categories most frequently used for VXSSOHPHQW DWWHQXDWHV R[LGDWLYHVWUHVVDVVRFLDWHG UHQDO LQMXU\
fortifying purposes. YLD UHGXFWLRQ RI R[\JHQ IUHH UDGLFDO DQG OLSLG SHUR[LGDWLRQ LQ
CONCLUSION: 7KLVLQYHVWLJDWLRQLGHQWL¿HGVHYHUDOSUREOHPV gentamicin-treated rats.
concerning additional vitamin and mineral sources on Serbian
market, including inadequate labeling and lack of legislative.
P84-12
IMPACT OF IRON FORTIFIED VS NON-FORTIFIED
P84-10 FOOD SUPPLEMENTATION ON IRON STATUS
EFFICACY OF IRON AND FOLIC ACID (HEMOGLOBIN / SERUM FERRITIN) AND GROWTH
SUPPLEMENTS DELIVERED AS SPRINKLES OF THE CHILDREN BELONGING TO LOWER
OR TABLETS TO CONTROL ANAEMIA DURING INCOME GROUP FAMILIES
PREGNANCY Passi, Santosh J.1; R, Lakshmi2; Aeri, Bani T.1; Ranjan,
Hyder, S.M. Ziauddin1; Choudhury, Nuzhat2; Zlotkin, Stanley Sobhana1; Mathur, Shivangi1; Mittal, Juhi1 1Institute of Home
H. Economics, New Delhi, IND; 2All India Institute of Medical
1
IAEA, Vienna, AUT; 2BRAC, Dhaka, BGD; Hospital for Sick Sciences, New Delhi, IND
Children, Toronto, CAN
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Iron Supplementation
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: $ SRZGHUHG PL[WXUH RI is the most sustainable long-term solution for IDA especially
mineral and vitamins (PMV) in a small sachet, sprinkles, is among school-age children. The study was aimed to assess the
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PL[WXUHWDUJHWHGWRSUHJQDQWZRPHQPLJKWEHDSSURSULDWH7KH on iron status of children from lower socio-economic strata.
VWXG\ZDVDLPHGDWGHWHUPLQLQJWKHHI¿FDF\RID309SDFNDJHG MATERIALS AND METHODS: After obtaining written
in single serving sachets compared to iron folic acid tablet (IFA) FKLOGSDUHQWDO FRQVHQW  FKLOGUHQ ER\V  JLUOV  DJHG 
in pregnant women. years were enrolled from three MCD schools. By Cluster-
MATERIALS AND METHOD: A randomized trial was UDQGRP VDPSOLQJ FKLOGUHQ ZHUH DVVLJQHG WKH H[SHULPHQWDO
carried out in 42 antenatal care centres operated by BRAC in or the placebo group and were dewormed a week prior to
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±ZHHNVDQG+HPRJORELQ +E ±J/ZHUHDOORFDWHG JLYHQ  ELVFXLWV SHU FKLOGGD\ PJ RI HOHPHQWDO LURQ  IRU
to either PMV (n=121) or tablets (n=92). Each PMV sachet or VFKRROGD\VZKLOHWKHSODFHERJURXSUHFHLYHGVLPLODUQRQ
WDEOHWFRQWDLQHGPJHOHPHQWDOLURQDVIHUURXVIXPHUDWHDQG LURQIRUWL¿HGELVFXLWV,QVXEVWXG\,,WKHH[SHULPHQWDOJURXS
441
ZDV JLYHQ  ELVFXLWV SHU FKLOGGD\    SURYLGLQJ PJ RI EXWDFRUUHODWLRQZLWKIHHOLQJUHOD[HGZDVDOVRVHHQ7KHFXUUHQW
HOHPHQWDOLURQ IRUDSHULRGRIVFKRROGD\VZKLOHWKHSODFHER UHVHDUFK VKRZHG WKDW IHHOLQJ UHOD[HG ZDV OLQNHG WR HDWLQJ
JURXS UHFHLYHG VLPLODU QRQLURQ IRUWL¿HG ELVFXLWV7KH GLHWDU\ habits and cognitive restraint of eating behaviors. Accordingly,
LQWDNH GDWD DQWKURSRPHWU\ DQG KHPRJORELQ  VHUXP IHUULWLQ psychological factors may be considered as a new direction for
levels were compared for all the groups both before and after future studies. Although a correlation was not seen between
supplementation. mental health and food related dieting, a relationship was seen
RESULTS AND FINDINGS: Post-supplementation data EHWZHHQPHQWDOKHDOWKDQGH[HUFLVHRUOLIHVW\OHUHODWHGGLHWLQJ
indicate an improvement in hemoglobin status and height
 ZHLJKW PHDVXUHPHQWV LQ WKH H[SHULPHQWDO JURXSV WKRXJK
VWDWLVWLFDOO\QRQVLJQL¿FDQW P85-02
CONCLUSIONS: Long-term supplementation with iron- WATER EXTRACT OF GLYCYRRHIZA URALENSIS
IRUWL¿HGIRRGVFDQEHDQHIIHFWLYHVWUDWHJ\WRRYHUFRPH,'$ FISCHER SUPPLEMENTATION AMELIORATED
OXIDATIVE STRESS IN HEALTHY MALE SMOKERS
Jeon, Gyeong-Im1; Kang, Myung-Hee2; Moon, Hye-Young1;
P84-13 Lee, Hye-Jin; Park, Eunju1
EFFECTIVENESS OF A NATIONAL NUTRITION 1
Kyungnam University, Mansan, KOR; 2Hannam University,
SUPPLEMENT PROGRAMME (PACAM) ON VITAMIN Daejeon, KOR; Changwon National University, Masan, KOR
B12 DEFICIENCY IN ELDERLY CHILEAN
Sanchez, Hugo1; Albala, Cecilia1; Hertrampf, Eva1; Dangour, In oriental medicine, Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch (GU) has been
Alan2; Uauy, Ricardo1 known to possess various pharmaceutical functions, including
1
University of Chile, Institute Nutrition and Technology GHWR[L¿FDWLRQ DQWLXOFHU DQWLLQÀDPPDWLRQ DQWLYLUDO DQWL
Food, Santiago, CHL; 2London School of Hygiene & Tropical atherogenic, and anticarcinogenic activities. In this study, it
Medicine, London, GBR was tested that a daily regimen of supplementation with water
H[WUDFW RI *8 ZRXOG DPHOLRUDWH R[LGDWLYH VWUHVV LQ KXPDQ
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of PACAM on vitamin )LIW\WZR KHDOWK\ PDOH VPRNHUV DJHG  ZHUH GLYLGHG
% % GH¿FLHQF\LQFRPPXQLW\OLYLQJHOGHUO\RI6DQWLDJR HYHQO\LQWRWZRJURXSVDQGJLYHQHLWKHUPORI*8H[WUDFW
Chile. or placebo prepared by oriental medical doctor every day for
SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 24-month cluster-randomised  ZHHNV ZLWKRXW DQ\ FKDQJH RI XVXDO IRRG LQWDNH DQG EORRG
WULDO FRQGXFWHG DPRQJ  VXEMHFWV DJHG  \HDUV DW VDPSOHVZHUHGUDZQEHIRUHDQGDIWHUWKHLQWHUYHQWLRQZHHNV
baseline attending 20 health centres in Santiago enrolled in the RI*8VXSSOHPHQWDWLRQVLJQL¿FDQWO\LQFUHDVHGWKHHU\WKURF\WLF
&(1(; VWXG\ 6XEMHFWV ZHUH UDQGRPO\ DVVLJQHG WR 3$&$0 DFWLYLWLHV RI DQWLR[LGDQW HQ]\PHV FDWDODVH DQG JOXWDWKLRQH
 RU&RQWURO  JURXSV3ODVPDOHYHOVRI% SPRO/  SHUR[LGDVH DQGSODVPDWRWDOUDGLFDOWUDSSLQJSRWHQWLDO 75$3 
were determined by radio-immunoassay at the beginning and $GGLWLRQDOO\ *8 VXSSOHPHQWDWLRQ UHVXOWHG LQ D VLJQL¿FDQW
DIWHUWKHLQWHUYHQWLRQ'H¿FLHQF\ZDVFDWHJRUL]HGLQPDUJLQDO decrease in H2O2-induced DNA damage in leucocytes
SPRO/ DQGVHYHUH !SPRO/ ,QWHQWLRQWRWUHDW determined using comet assay. This result indicates that the
analysis was performed to estimate the effect of the intervention. VXSSOHPHQWDWLRQ RI *O\F\UUKL]D XUDOHQVLV ZDWHU H[WUDFW PD\
RESULTS: 7KH IUHTXHQF\ RI % GH¿FLHQF\ ZDV VLPLODU LQ DPHOLRUDWH R[LGDWLYH VWUHVV LQ VPRNHUV E\ LQFUHDVLQJ SODVPD
ERWK JURXSV 3$&$0 DQG &RQWURO DW WKH EHJLQQLQJ  WRWDODQWLR[LGDQWFDSDFLW\DQGHU\WKURF\WLFDQWLR[LGDQWHQ]\PH
YV  S   DQG DIWHU WKH LQWHUYHQWLRQ  DQG  activities and thus protecting DNA damage in peripheral
S   UHVSHFWLYHO\ ,QLWLDO PHDQ % SODVPD OHYHOV IRU WKH leukocytes.
FRQWUROJURXSZHUH&,DQG¿QDO
&,,QWKH3$&$0JURXSLQLWLDOYDOXHVZHUH
&,DQG¿QDO&, P85-03
CONCLUSION: The amount of B12 provided by the national EFFECT OF ONION JUICE SUPPLEMENTATION
supplement nutrition programme to elders has not effect on the ON LIPID AND ANTIOXIDANT METABOLISM IN
%GH¿FLHQF\ HEALTHY YOUNG WOMEN
6XSSRUWE\JUDQWV)RQGHF\W Park, Eunju1; Kim, Jungmi1; Youn, Hyun-Sook2; Lee, Kyung-
Hea2
1
Kyungnam University, Masan, KOR; 2Changwon National
P85: Food & Nutrition Intervention for Heatlh (Others) II University, Changwon, Gyeongnam, KOR

Many studies have suggested that onions contain heavy metal


P85-01 GHWR[L¿FDWLRQDQWLELRWLFEORRGVXJDUUHGXFWLRQFDUGLRYDVFXODU
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EATING BEHAVIOR GLVHDVH SUHYHQWLRQ [DQWKLQH R[LGDVH LQKLELWLRQ DQWLR[LGDQW
AND MENTAL HEALTH-AN EXAMINATION OF and anticancer components. This study was performed to
FEMALE UNIVERSITY STUDENTS H[DPLQH WKH HIIHFWV RI RQLRQ MXLFH VXSSOHPHQWDWLRQ RQ OLSLG
Kurotani, Mamiko; Nakade, Miyo DQGDQWLR[LGDQWPHWDEROLVPLQIRXUWHHQKHDOWK\\RXQJZRPHQ
Aichi Gakusen College, Aichi, JPN T he study was randomized single blind placebo controlled
cross-over design consisting of two washout period s and two
In recent years, University students have become increasingly diet periods of 4 wks (total 10 wks). The subjects were given
QLJKWRULHQWHGDQGLWKDVEHHQVXJJHVWHGPDQ\SUREOHPVH[LVW HLWKHUPORQLRQMXLFH JRQLRQ RUPORISODFHERSHU
with their health and lifestyle. In addition, the views regarding day. During the onion supplementation period, plasma HDL-
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important as it is these people who create homes and families there no changes in total cholesterol and triglycerides. 4 wks of
DQGUDLVHWKHQH[WJHQHUDWLRQ7KHFXUUHQWVWXG\DLPVWRDVVHVV RQLRQMXLFHVXSSOHPHQWDWLRQUHVXOWHGLQVLJQL¿FDQWLQFUHDVHRI
eating behavior and dieting as well as lifestyle habits such as SODVPD ĮDQG ȖWRFRSKHURO OHYHOV DQG HU\WKURF\WLF VXSHUR[LGH
eating and sleeping habits, and to clarify how these factors dismutase activity, while no changes were found in the placebo
relate to mental health. In July 2007, 427 female University period. These results indicate the consumption of onion juice
students were given self-assessment surveys and a total of IRU  ZNV H[HUWV KHDOWK EHQH¿WV WKURXJK WKH PRGXODWLRQ RI
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research had shown that those who have problems concerning status in healthy young women.
their eating behavior also tend to have poorer mental health.
Not only did the results of the current study support this view,
442
P85-04 of them induced less sprouting when compared to controls
PATIENTS’ PERCEPTION AND SATISFACTION ON S   ,Q WKH FKRULRDOODQWRLF FKLFNHQ HPEU\R DVVD\ DOO
THERAPEUTIC-DIET AT HOSPITALS IN BUSAN, types of propolis inhibited new blood vessels formation in
REPUBLIC OF KOREA FRPSDULVRQZLWKFRQWUROV S 7KHSRO\SKHQROVIURP5HG
Lyu, Eunsoon; Yi, Jeongryeh propolis induced lower new blood vessel formation than those
Pukyong National University, Busan, KOR of Green, Brown and Chilean propolis. Moreover, polyphenols
IURP5HGSURSROLVGHFUHDVHGWKHH[SUHVVLRQRI9(*)DQG)*)
The study purpose was to investigate the patients’ perception for P51$DVFRPSDUHGZLWKWKHRWKHUV S 
WKHUDSHXWLFGLHWH[SODQDWLRQDQGVDWLVIDFWLRQRQWKHUDSHXWLFGLHW CONCLUSION: Our data indicate that polyphenols from
DWKRVSLWDOVLQ%XVDQRI.RUHD7KHVXEMHFWVZHUHLQSDWLHQWV different types of propolis could be used as potential inhibitors
at four general hospitals with each over 400 beds and a university of the neovascularization.
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through the interviewing process using questionnaires. A scholarship to Daleprane J.B.).
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LPSRUWDQWO\ DQG  RI WKHP ZHUH VDWLV¿HG7KHUH ZDV QR INDUCING NUTRITIONAL COMPOUNDS RESEMBLE
VLJQL¿FDQWGLIIHUHQFHLQWKHSHUFHSWLRQE\SDWLHQWV¶FRQGLWLRQV EFFECTS OF CHROMATIN-TARGETING DRUGS IN
such as number of hospitalization, length of hospitalization, THE HL-60 PROMYELOCYTIC LEUKEMIA CELL
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PHDOFKDUDFWHULVWLFVIRUVHUYLFHFKDUDFWHULVWLFV7KHLWHPV $OH[DQGHU*2; Pfeilstöcker, Michael1; Pittermann, Elisabeth1
of low scores in the therapeutic-diet satisfaction were taste, 1
Hanusch Hospital, Vienna, AUT; 2University of Vienna,
seasoning and appearance of meals, consideration of personal Vienna, AUT
preference, and provision of selective menu. There were
VLJQL¿FDQW S LQFUHDVHVWRVDWLVIDFWLRQLQPHDODQGVHUYLFH INTRODUCTION: Nutritional compounds such as genistein
IRU LQFUHDVLQJ DJH 7KH SDWLHQW JURXS RI ” \HDUV ROG KDG DQGYLWDPLQ'LQGXFHGLIIHUHQWLDWLRQLQ+/OHXNHPLDFHOOV
VLJQL¿FDQWO\ORZHUVFRUHVLQWDVWHRIPHDO S DSSHDUDQFH similar to chromatin-targeting drugs. The aim of this study was
RIPHDOV S DQGYDULHW\RIPHQX S FRPSDUHZLWK to compare epigenetic effects of such drugs to genistein and
WKRVH RI a \HDU ROG JURXS 7KH PLGGOH VFKRRO JUDGXDWHG YLWDPLQ'
SDWLHQWJURXSKDGVLJQL¿FDQWO\ S KLJKHUVFRUHVLQVQDFN METHODS: +/ FHOOV ZHUH LQFXEDWHG IRU  KRXUV ZLWK
provision and variety of menu than those of college graduated GHFLWDELQH —0 ]HEXODULQH —0 YDOSURDWH —0 
patient group. The patients group with little appetite showed JHQLVWHLQ —0  RU YLWDPLQ ' Q0  )ROORZLQJ ELVXOSKLWH
VLJQL¿FDQWO\ S  ORZHU DYHUDJH VFRUHV LQ PHDO VHUYLFH conversion of genomic DNA, evaluation of the methylation
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positive correlation between satisfaction for therapeutic-diet 3&5V\VWHP 5743&5 ZKLFKZDVDOVRDSSOLHGIRUDQDO\VLVRI
H[SODQDWLRQDQGWKHUDSHXWLFGLHWVDWLVIDFWLRQ7KHUHIRUHLWZDV P51$H[SUHVVLRQ
suggested that hospitals increase the dietitians’ support for RESULTS: We show that DNA-methyltransferase-inhibitors
WKHWKHUDSHXWLFGLHWH[SODQDWLRQDQGGHYHORSWKHPHQXIRUWKH (decitabine and zebularine), a histone-deacetylase-inhibitor
patients’ preference and taste of meal (valproate) as well as the nutritional compounds genistein and
YLWDPLQ'FRQYHUWHGWKHK\SHUPHWK\ODWHG3,1.%DQG
estrogen receptor alpha ESR1-promoters to a hemimethylated
P86: Nutritional Advances in Omics (i.e. nutrigenomics, state. At the mRNA-level, this induced a stimulation of tumor-
epigenetics, proteomics, etc.) VXSSUHVVRU JHQHV VXFK DV (65 IROG ZLWK YDOSURDWH RU
YLWDPLQ'IROGZLWK=HEXODULQHDQGIROGZLWKGHFLWDELQH 
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POLYPHENOLS FROM PROPOLIS: POTENTIAL GRZQUHJXODWHGE\  
INHIBITORS OF ANGIOGENESIS CONCLUSION: Results of this study show that genistein and
Daleprane, Julio B.1; Freitas, Vanessa1; Pacheco, YLWDPLQ'DIIHFWHSLJHQHWLFSDWKZD\VZKLFKDUHDOVRWDUJHWHG
Alejandro2; Rudnicki, Martina1; Salazar, Luis2; E\VSHFL¿FGUXJV
Ikegaki, Massaharu; Abdalla, Dulcinéia P.1 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: This study was supported by
1
São Paulo University, São Paulo, SP, BRA; 2La Frontera Jubiläumsfonds der Österreichischen National Bank.
University, São Paulo, SP, BRA; University Alfenas, Alfenas,
Minas Gerais, BRA
P86-03
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Dietary polyphenols have REGULATION OF IL-8 AND IL-17 EXPRESSION
multiple effects on human health. Our aim was to evaluate BY BUTYRATE, FOLIC ACID, AND GENISTEIN
WKH LQÀXHQFH RI WRWDO SRO\SKHQROV IURP GLIIHUHQW SURSROLV RQ INCLUDES DNA-METHYLATION AND HISTONE
angiogenesis. ACETYLATION
MATERIALS & METHODS: Brazilian Green, Red, Brown Aumueller, Eva; Berner, Carolin; Gauck, Anne; Klein, Petra;
and Chilean Brown propolis were used. Polyphenols from +DVOEHUJHU$OH[DQGHU*
SURSROLVZHUHLGHQWL¿HGE\/&06XVLQJFRPPHUFLDOVWDQGDUGV University of Vienna, Vienna, AUT
Angiogenesis was evaluated by HUVEC migration and
H[SUHVVLRQRI9(*))*)DQG+,)P51$FKRULRDOODQWRLF ,/ DQG ,/ UHJXODWH LQWHUDFWLRQV EHWZHHQ LPPXQH FHOOV
chicken embryo assay and by the rat aortic ring sprouting assay. and epithelia in the GI-tract, involving epigenetic mechanisms.
RESULTS & FINDINGS: 7RWDO SRO\SKHQROV XJP/  Because of t he epigenetic activities of the SCF butyrate,
H[WUDFWHG IURP *UHHQ 5HG %URZQ DQG &KLOHDQ SURSROLV produced by intestinal microbiota, genistein and folic acid we
LQKLELWHG +89(& PLJUDWLRQ LQ    DQG analyzed effects on histone acetylation and DNA-methylation
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differences were observed in endothelial cell sprouting from :H DQDO\]HG JHQH H[SUHVVLRQ E\ UHDO WLPH 3&5 '1$
murine aortic rings among the distinct propolis types, but all PHWK\ODWLRQ E\ ELVXO¿WH VHTXHQFLQJ 3&5 DQG KLVWRQH
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acetylation by Chromatin immunoprecipitation in the CACO-2 LQFUHDVHG +20$% 3   DQG GHFUHDVHG +20$6
cell line model. 3   ZLWK DGMXVWPHQW IRU %0, EXW QRW ZLWK W\SH 
,/DQG,/H[SUHVVLRQZDVLQFUHDVHGE\JHQLVWHLQEXW\UDWH diabetes.
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RQ WKH VLWHV DQG %XW\UDWH HQKDQFHG WKH KLVWRQH +DQV ZH GHPRQVWUDWHG WKDW WKH 3&6. UV YDULDQW ZDV
DFHW\ODWLRQRQ+O\VLQHDW,/*HQLVWHLQDQGEXW\UDWHDOVR VLJQL¿FDQWO\DVVRFLDWHGZLWKRYHUZHLJKWDQGUHODWHGSKHQRW\SHV
VWLPXODWHG DSRSWRVH UHOHYDQW FDVSDVH &KDQJHV LQ EXW\UDWH LQ PHQ RQO\ 1RWDEO\ WKH UV DOVR VKRZHG VLJQL¿FDQW
SURGXFLQJ *,PLFURELRWD &ORVWULGLXP FOXVWHU ,; DQG ;,9D  association with beta-cell function and insulin sensitivity in
were found due to nutrition. both genders independently of obesity.
As the levels of genistein, folic acid, and butyrate in the GI-
WUDFW FDQ EH LQÀXHQFHG E\ QXWULWLRQ QXWULWLRQDO FRQFHSWV PD\
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LQÀDPPDWRU\*,GLVHDVHV DATA STORAGE AND COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF
GENE EXPRESSION PROFILES FOR PROMOTION OF
NUTRIGENOMICS STUDY
P86-04 Saito, Kenji1; Ohta, Yutaka2; Sami, Manabu2; Kanda,
EXPRESSION PROFILING OF GENES TARGETED Tomomasa2; Kato, Hisanori1
BY BILBERRY IN MACROPHAGES BY DNA 1
The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, JPN; 2Asahi
MICROARRAY Breweries, Ltd., Moriya-shi Ibaraki-ken, JPN
0DNRWR)XML-LKXD&KHQ;LQJHou-De,
Faculty of Agriculture, Food Function and Nutrinomics, The prevalence of transcriptomics analyses in food and
Kagoshima University, Kagoshima, JPN QXWULWLRQ VFLHQFH QRZ IRUFHV UHVHDUFKHUV LQ WKHVH ¿HOGV WR
cope with massive amounts of information. This study aimed
OBJECTIVE: Bilberry is anthocyanins-rich plant. To evaluate to develop an information infrastructure with novel analytical
WKH DQWLLQÀDPPDWRU\ IXQFWLRQ DQG XQGHUO\LQJ JHQHV WDUJHWHG WRROV VSHFL¿FDOO\ RULHQWHG WR QXWULWUDQVFULSWRPLFV GDWD :H
E\ELOEHUU\JHQHH[SUHVVLRQSUR¿OLQJE\'1$PLFURDUUD\ZDV cross-compared transcriptome responses to calorie restriction
SHUIRUPHGRQELOEHUU\H[WUDFWWUHDWHGPDFURSKDJHV (CR) to evaluate the potency of this database.
MATERIAL & METHODS: 5$: PDFURSKDJHV ZHUH 7KHGDWDEDVH KWWSQXWGEKWPO ZDVGHVLJQHG
WUHDWHGZLWK/36LQWKHSUHVHQFHRUDEVHQFHRIELOEHUU\H[WUDFW WRVWRUHERWKSXEOLFDWLRQLQIRUPDWLRQDQGJHQHH[SUHVVLRQSUR¿OH
51$ ZDV H[WUDFWHG IRU '1$ PLFURDUUD\ ZLWK$JLOHQW PRXVH data. The publication data enable one to search for nutrigenomics
ROLJRQXFOHRWLGHV UHSRUWV E\ IRU H[DPSOH VSHFL¿F WHUPV :LWK WKH KHOS RI WKH
RESULTS: 7KHH[SUHVVLRQOHYHOVRIJHQHVDPRQJ WRROV DFFRPSDQ\LQJ WKH GDWDEDVH WKH JHQH H[SUHVVLRQ SUR¿OH
ZHUH LQFUHDVHG E\ •IROG LQ /36DFWLYDWHG 5$: FHOOV data accumulated in the database can be used for comparison
JHQHVLJQDOVRIZKLFKZHUHDWWHQXDWHGE\ELOEHUU\H[WUDFW and analysis over multiple microarray platforms. We obtained
([SUHVVLRQOHYHOVRIJHQHVZHUHGHFUHDVHGE\•IROGLQ PXOWLSOH VHWV RI JHQH H[SUHVVLRQ SUR¿OHV LQ WKH OLYHU RI UDWV
/36DFWLYDWHGFHOOVRIZKLFKJHQHVLJQDOVZHUHHQKDQFHG under mild CR conditions. Cross-sectional comparisons using
E\ELOEHUU\H[WUDFW8WLOL]LQJ3DQWKHUJURXSDQDO\VLVJHQHV the present results and several other sets of publicized CR data
DIIHFWHG E\ ELOEHUU\ H[WUDFW ZHUH FODVVL¿HG LQWR  FDWHJRULHV LGHQWL¿HGDIHZJHQHVFRPPRQO\DQGPDUNHGO\PRGXODWHGE\
UHODWLQJWRELRORJLFDOSURFHVVHV  PROHFXODUIXQFWLRQV   various levels of CR. They included the CYP4A14 gene and
DQGVLJQDOLQJSDWKZD\V  ZLWK•IROGFKDQJH7KHJHQHV may be used as markers for effective CR mimetics.
FDWHJRUL]HG DV ³GHIHQVH LQÀDPPDWRU\ UHVSRQVH F\WRNLQHV The database proved to be a highly effective tool for comparative
activities, and receptor activities” were highly affected by analysis of transcriptome data in food and nutrition research.
ELOEHUU\H[WUDFW
CONCLUSION: Our DNA microarray results provide a
PROHFXODUEDVLVIRUWKHDQWLLQÀDPPDWRU\HIIHFWVRIELOEHUU\ P86-07
IRON LOADING REGULATES DUODENAL DMT1
(DIVALENT METAL TRANSPORTER 1) AND
P86-05 FERRITIN EXPRESSION IN IRON DEFICIENT RATS
A COMMON VARIANT IN PCSK1 WAS ASSOCIATED Shinoda, Shoko; Tadai, Kouki; Yoshizawa, Shiho
WITH OBESITY AND RELATED PHENOTYPES IN A Tokyo Metropolitan University, Hachiouji, Tokyo, JPN
CHINESE HAN POPULATION
4L4LELQ/L+XDL[LQJ/LQ;X It has been reported that DMT1 was upregulated and Ferritin
Chinese Nutrition Society, Shanghai, CHN ZDV GRZQUHJXODWHG E\ ,URQ GH¿FLHQF\  ,Q WKH SUHVHQW VWXG\
ZH H[DPLQHG WKH HIIHFW RI LQWHVWLQDO LURQ ORDGLQJ LQ WKH LURQ
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Common variants in PCSK1 GH¿FLHQWFRQGLWLRQRQP51$DQGSURWHLQH[SUHVVLRQVRI'07
gene have been report to be associated with obesity in white DQG)HUULWLQ:LVWDUUDWVZHUHIHG$,1*RULURQIUHHGLHWIRU
Europeans. We aimed to replicate this association in Chinese ZHHNV,Q([SUDWVZHUHQDUFRWL]HGDQGWKHWHVWVROXWLRQV
Hans. FRQWDLQHGRUȝJRILURQDV)H62LQP0+&OZDV
MATERIALS & METHODS: 7ZR 3&6. YDULDQWV UV DGPLQLVWHUHGLQWKHOLJDWHGGXRGHQXPIRUKRXU,Q([SUDWV
DQG UV LQ VWURQJ /' ZLWK HDFK RWKHU U   ZHUH were given the test solution intragastrically and followed fasting
genotyped in a population-based cohort of Chinese Hans IRU  KRXUV$IWHU  RU  KRXUV WKH GXRGHQXP ZHUH UHPRYHG
LQFOXGLQJ  PHQ DQG  ZRPHQ DQG RQO\ UV ZDV and mucosal epithelial cells were scraped using a slide glass.
used for further analyses. 7KH UHODWLYH H[SUHVVLRQ RI '07 DQG )HUULWLQ P51$ ZHUH
RESULTS &AND FINDINGS: 7KHPLQRU*DOOHOHRIUV determined by real-time PCR (Bio-Rad Laboratories Inc., CA,),
ZDV DVVRFLDWHG ZLWK LQFUHDVHG ULVN RI REHVLW\ 25 > DQGWKHYDOXHVRIJHQHH[SUHVVLRQZHUHQRUPDOL]HGE\*$3'+
@ 3   DQG RYHUZHLJKWREHVLW\ FRPELQHG 25 After 1 hour of iron loading, there was not any effect on DMT1
>@3  LQPHQEXWQRWLQZRPHQ 3  and Ferritin mRNA regardless of the iron concentration. After
and P=0.12 for interaction, respectively). Consistently, the  KRXUV IURP LQWUDJDVWULF LURQ ORDGLQJ '07 P51$ ZDV
*DOOHOHRIUVZDVVLJQL¿FDQWO\DVVRFLDWHGZLWKLQFUHDVHG VLJQL¿FDQWO\ GRZQUHJXODWHG E\  ȝJ LURQ ORDGLQJ  ,Q WKH
BMI (P=0.0047), waist circumference (P=0.0097) and body )HUULWLQWKHUHZDVQRHIIHFWRQP51$H[SUHVVLRQEXWSURWHLQ
IDWSHUFHQWDJH 3  LQPHQEXWQRWLQZRPHQ 3  ZDVVLJQL¿FDQWO\XSUHJXODWHG
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P86-08 IHPDOH7KHFRQVXPSWLRQIUHTXHQF\RIGULQNVLQWKHHQGXUDQFH
INFLUENCE OF VITAMIN C LEVEL ON THE GENE PDOHZDVVLJQL¿FDQWO\KLJKHUWKDQWKDWRIWKHVSULQWPDOH7KH
EXPRESSION IN PRIMARY HEPATOCYTE OF ODS $&( DQG$&71 JHQRW\SHV PLJKW SOD\ UROHV LQ WKH H[HUFLVH
RAT performance of Taiwanese elite athletes.
Sone, Yasuko1; Saitou, Kazumi1; Onitake, Fumiko1;
Sannoumaru, Yasuko2; Ueta, Etsuko; Miyake,
Noriko4; Sone, Hirohito1; Namba, Eiji; Inagaki, P86-10
Masahiro; Otsuka, Yuzuru1; Kondo, Kazuo1; Kurata, METABOLOMICS AS A TOOL IN NUTRITION
Tadao4; Suzuki, Emiko1; Shu, Miao1; Kodama, Satoru1 INTERVENTION STUDIES
1
Ochanomizu University, Tokyo, JPN; 2Josai University, Walsh, Marianne C.; Brennan, Lorraine; Roche, Helen;
Saitama, JPN; Tottori University, Tottori, JPN; 4Niigata Gibney, Michael J.
University of Pharmacy and Applied Life Sciences, Niigata, University College Dublin, Dublin 4, IRL
JPN; Showa University, Tokyo, JPN
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Novel approaches
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Vitamin C (L-ascorbic for merging metabolomics data with traditional nutrition
acid; AsA) plays many important roles in various biochemical LQWHUYHQWLRQ GDWD KDYH QRW EHHQ H[WHQVLYHO\ H[SORUHG 7KH
reactions in vivo. It is predicted that the bioavailability of objective was to assess the application of metabolomics in a
AsA is related closely to the AsA levels in several tissues. dietary fat intervention.
3UHYLRXVO\ ZH YHUL¿HG WKDW $V$ OHYHOV LQ OLYHU RI 2'6 UDWV MATERIALS AND METHODS: Urine and plasma samples
DIIHFWVP51$H[SUHVVLRQRI69&7 VRGLXPGHSHQGHQWYLWDPLQ ZHUH FROOHFWHG IURP  PHQ DQG ZRPHQ EHIRUH DQG DIWHU
&WUDQVSRUWHU +RZHYHUQRVXI¿FLHQWLQIRUPDWLRQRQWKHRWKHU a 12-week isoenergetic dietary fat manipulation. Samples
JHQHH[SUHVVLRQVE\$V$OHYHOLQWKHWLVVXHVKDVEHHQUHSRUWHG were analyzed using 1H NMR and gas chromatography.
&RQVHTXHQWO\ZHLQYHVWLJDWHGWKHLQÀXHQFHRI$V$OHYHORQWKH Metabolomics data was merged with fatty acid data and assessed
JHQHH[SUHVVLRQLQSULPDU\KHSDWRF\WHRI2'6UDW using multivariate data analysis.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: ,QWKLVH[SHULPHQWSULPDU\ RESULTS: Urine from younger subjects and male subjects
hepatocyte of ODS rat were divided into three groups: a) no had higher levels of creatinine. Urine from female subjects had
$V$DGGHGPHGLXPE P0$V$DGGHGPHGLXP QRUPDO  KLJKHUOHYHOVRIWULPHWK\ODPLQH1R[LGH 70$2 DQGFLWUDWH
DQG F   P0 $V$DGGHG PHGLXP $IWHU LQFXEDWLRQ ZLWK Analysis of the merged 1H NMR and fatty acid datasets showed
$V$ IRU  KRXUV OHYHO RI$V$ FRQFHQWUDWLRQ ZHUH PHDVXUHG DQHOHYDWLRQRIFOXSDQRGRQLFDFLG &Q VWHDULGRQLFDFLG
XVLQJ +3/&(&' DQG JHQH H[SUHVVLRQ E\ '1$ PLFURDUUD\  Q  ȖOLQROHQLF DFLG  Q  DQG DUDFKLGRQLF DFLG
$II\PHWUL[ ,QF  7KH UDZ GDWD ZHUH VWDWLVWLFDOO\ DQDO\]HG Q IROORZLQJDKLJKPRQRXQVDWXUDWHGIDWGLHW
E\JOREDOQRUPDOL]DWLRQPHWKRG7KHH[SUHVVLRQRIJHQHVZDV CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that metabolomics
GHSHQGHQWRQWKH$V$OHYHODGGHGLQWRPHGLXP7KHLQFUHDVH is a useful tool for characterising biological samples. The
GHFUHDVHWHQGHQF\RIWKHH[SUHVVLRQRIJHQHZDVFRQ¿UPHGE\ merging of the plasma metabolomics and fatty acid data showed
real time RT-PCR method. changes resulting from diet that were not picked up when the
RESULTS AND FINDINGS: 7KHH[SUHVVLRQRIVRPHJHQHV datasets were assessed independently. Metabolomics may serve
VXFK DV O\V\O R[LGDVH /R[  +5$6OLNH VXSSUHVVRU IDPLO\ DVDXVHIXOWRROIRUH[SORULQJWKHJOREDOPHWDEROLFLPSDFWRID
PHPEHU  +UDVOV   LQFUHDVHG LQ WKH  P0 $V$DGGHG dietary treatment.
PHGLXP ZKLOH WKH H[SUHVVLRQ RI VRPH RWKHU JHQHV LQFUHDVHG
LQWKHQR$V$DGGHGPHGLXP+RZHYHUWKHLQFUHDVHGHFUHDVH
H[SUHVVLRQ RI JHQH UHODWHG UHGR[ UHDFWLRQ VXFK DV 62' P86-11
VXSHUR[LVLGHGLVPXWDVH JOXWDWKLRQHUHGXFWDVH *65 KDGQR HEALTH BENEFITS FROM DIETARY FIBER;
VLJQL¿FDQWGLIIHUHQFH INFLUENCE ON HUMAN METABOLOME
CONCLUSION: The results suggested that AsA level in Johansson, Anna C.1; Ulmius, Matilda1; Barri, Thaer2; Dragsted,
WLVVXHVUHÀHFWLQJWKH$V$LQJHVWLRQOHYHOPLJKWUHJXODWHVRPH Lars O. 2; Önning, Gunilla1
JHQHH[SUHVVLRQOHYHO 1
Lund University, Lund, SWE; 2University of Copenhagen,
Frederiksberg C, DNK

P86-09 RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The effects of dietary


IMPACT OF GENE-NUTRITION INTERACTION ON ¿EHULQKHDOWK\VXEMHFWVFDQEHVXEWOHWKXVORRNLQJDWVHYHUDO
THE EXERCISE PERFORMANCE OF TAIWANESE early biomarkers simultaneously by multivariate statistics might
ELITE ATHLETES EHWWHU H[SODLQ WKH EHQH¿FLDO HIIHFWV 7KH DLP ZDV WRLGHQWLI\
Tang, Fu-Chun; Chao, Jo-Shui; Lin, Chih-Yun XQLTXH ELRPDUNHUV RI GLIIHUHQW GLHWDU\ ¿EHU H[SRVXUHV DQG
National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, TWN search for early biochemical changes in plasma and urine
PHWDEROLWHVDQGDQ\JHQGHUGLIIHUHQFHVUHODWHGWRWKLVH[SRVXUH
The purpose of this study was to investigate the interactions of MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a randomized cross-over
JHQRW\SHGLHWDU\LQWDNHDQGH[HUFLVHSHUIRUPDQFHRI7DLZDQHVH LQWHUYHQWLRQ  VXEMHFWV ZHUH JLYHQ HLWKHU D KLJK ¿EHU GLHW
HOLWHDWKOHWHV%DVHGRQJHQGHUDQGH[HUFLVHW\SHDWKOHWHVZHUH RUDORZ¿EHUGLHW3ODVPDDQGKXULQHZHUHFROOHFWHGIRU
GLYLGHG HQGXUDQFHPDOH Q  “ \R  VSULQWPDOH PHWDERORPLFV SUR¿OLQJ E\ 83/&472)06 5DZ GDWD ZHUH
Q  “ \R  HQGXUDQFHIHPDOH Q  “ DOLJQHGWRGHWHFWSHDNVDQGFROOHFWPDUNHUVWRLGHQWLI\VSHFL¿F
\R DQGVSULQWIHPDOH Q “\R :HH[DPLQHGWKH markers. Different multivariate data analyses were used to
JHQRW\SHV RI $&( $&71 DQG $*7 GLHWDU\ EHKDYLRU DQG H[SORUHWKHGDWDDQGGLVFULPLQDWHEHWZHHQJURXSV
H[HUFLVH WUDLQLQJ DORQJ ZLWK FDOFDQHXV EURDGEDQG XOWUDVRXQG RESULTS AND FINDINGS: Metabolomic changes can be
attenuation (BUA). The distribution of ACE genotypes of the GHWHFWHG DIWHU D ORQJWHUP KLJK GLHWDU\ ¿EHU LQWDNH 'HWDLOHG
HQGXUDQFHIHPDOH JURXS ZDV VLJQL¿FDQWO\ GLIIHUHQW IURP WKH results will be presented at the poster session.
&RQWURO7KHUHZHUHVLJQL¿FDQWGLIIHUHQFHVLQWKHGLVWULEXWLRQV
RI$&(DQG$&71JHQRW\SHVEHWZHHQHQGXUDQFHDQGVSULQW
JURXSV UHJDUGOHVV RI JHQGHU 7KH GLVWULEXWLRQV RI $&71
JHQRW\SHVRIWKHHQGXUDQFHPDOHVSULQWPDOHDQGVSULQWIHPDOH
ZHUHVLJQL¿FDQWO\GLIIHUHQWIURPWKH&RQWURO7KHGLVWULEXWLRQ
of AGT genotypes, however, was no different among all
the groups. The BUA and percentage of protein intake were
VLJQL¿FDQWO\ GLIIHUHQW EHWZHHQ VSULQWIHPDOH DQG HQGXUDQFH
445
P86-12 treatment services to improve food security of their clients and
PROTEOMIC EFFECTS OF SOY ON PROSTATE households.
TISSUE ,Q WKLV SDSHU ZH H[DPLQH WKHVH OLYHOLKRRG SURJUDPV WKDW DUH
Salome, Rebello A.1; Hamilton-Reeves, Jill M.2; Anderson, integrated with an AIDS care and treatment organization in
Lorraine B. 1; .XVNRZVNL0LFKDHO$Kurzer, Mindy S. 1; Uganda, utilizing a program theory framework. The main
Slaton, Joel W.  objectives are to assess if these integrated programs share a
1
University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN, USA; 2College FOHDUO\ HOXFLGDWHG FDXVDO SDWKZD\ WR LPSDFW DQG WR H[DPLQH
of Saint Catherine, Saint Paul, MN, USA; Veterans their service delivery and utilization plans to realize the intended
Administration Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN, USA impact on food security.
METHODS: We conducted multiple in-depth key informant
Soy consumption has been inversely linked to prostate cancer interviews, along the program chain, with staff from The AIDS
incidence and mortality. The objective was to identify prostate Support Organization (TASO) in Uganda and 20 of its partner
SURWHLQV WKDW DUH DOWHUHG DIWHU PRQWK VR\ VXSSOHPHQWDWLRQ livelihood program implementing organizations in eastern and
XVLQJ D SURWHRPLFV DSSURDFK 0HQ Q   DW KLJK ULVN RI northern Uganda.
developing cancer were assigned to receive either soy protein FINDINGS: We present our results using a program theory
LVRODWH SURYLGLQJ  PJG LVRÀDYRQHV 63,  63, GHSOHWHG framework that highlight the key steps along the process pathway
RI LVRÀDYRQHV 63,  RU D SODFHER FRPSULVHG RI PLON SURWHLQ as they relate to successful delivery of interventions, program
LVRODWH 03,  IRU  PRQWKV 3RVWLQWHUYHQWLRQ SURVWDWLF WLVVXH SDUWLFLSDWLRQ DQG XSWDNH RI VHUYLFHV E\ EHQH¿FLDULHV   .H\
ZDVREWDLQHGDQGUHODWLYHSURWHLQTXDQWLWDWLRQDQGLGHQWL¿FDWLRQ research questions include the following: Do programs possess
ZHUHGHWHUPLQHGXVLQJL75$4ŠDQG/&0$/',06$QDO\VHV coherent, consistent and plausible objectives and approaches to
of individual proteins indicated 20 proteins that showed more DWWDLQLQJWKHP"$UHLPSDFWDQGSURFHVVWKHRULHVFOHDUO\GH¿QHG
WKDQDFKDQJHEHWZHHQWKH63,DQG03,JURXS6HYHUDORI DQGORJLFDO"7KURXJKDQDO\VLVRISURJUDPVWDIILQWHUYLHZVZH
WKHVHSURWHLQVLQWHUDFWZLWKWKHQXFOHDUIDFWRUNDSSD% QIț%  highlight critical gaps in conceptualization of causal pathways
FRPSOH[ ,QWDNH RI LVRÀDYRQHV DW QXWULWLRQDOO\ UHOHYDQW GRVHV and program processes that need to be addressed in order to
was able to induce changes in the prostate proteome providing PD[LPL]HLPSDFWV
invivo mechanistic evidence of the chemopreventive actions of CONCLUSIONS: We propose ways that program theory can
soy. be utilized to design and deliver better programs that integrate
livelihood security interventions to improve food security with
HIV care and treatment services.
P86-13
HEALTH BENEFITS FROM DIETARY FIBER;
INFLUENCE ON HUMAN TRANSCRIPTOME P86-15
Ulmius, Matilda; Johansson, Anna C.; Önning, Gunilla ISOLATED SOY ISOFLAVONE SUPPLEMENTS FOR
Lund University, Lund, SWE POSTMENOPAUSAL BONE LOSS: SYSTEMATIC
REVIEW AND META-ANALYSIS OF RANDOMIZED
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Consumption of soluble CONTROLLED TRIALS
GLHWDU\¿EHULVFRUUHODWHGZLWKEHQH¿FLDOKHDOWKHIIHFWVUHODWHG Taku, Kyoko; Melby, Melissa K.; Takebayashi, Jun; Mizuno,
WR VRXUFH DQG SURFHVVLQJ &KDUDFWHUL]HG ¿EHU IUDFWLRQV ZHUH Shoichi; Ishimi, Yoshiko; Omori, Toyonori; Watanabe, Shaw
selected for a human meal study including traditional and National Institute of Health and Nutrition, Tokyo, JPN
transcriptomic approaches in analysis.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:  KHDOWK\ YROXQWHHUV RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: &OLQLFDO WULDOV WR H[DPLQH
LQJHVWHGPHDOVZLWK¿EHUVIURPGLIIHUHQWVRXUFHVDPHDOZLWKD WKH HIIHFWV RI VR\ LVRÀDYRQH VXSSOHPHQWV RQ ERQH PDVV LQ
PL[WXUHRIWKUHH¿EHUVDQGDFRQWUROPHDOZLWKRXW¿EHU SRVWPHQRSDXVDO ZRPHQ KDYH \LHOGHG FRQÀLFWLQJ UHVXOWV 7KH
RESULTS AND FINDINGS: 6ROXEOH ¿EHUULFK PHDOV present study was conducted to clarify the effect of isolated soy
HVSHFLDOO\ WKRVH DOVR FRQWDLQLQJ LQVROXEOH ¿EHU GHFUHDVHG LVRÀDYRQHVXSSOHPHQWVRQSRVWPHQRSDXVDOERQHORVV
postprandial glucose and insulin concentrations, with more MATERIALS & METHODS: PubMed, CENTRAL,
pronounced effects in women. Triglyceride levels increased after ,&+86+, &1., :DQIDQJ 'DWD &49,3 DQG 167/ XS WR
¿EHULQWDNH7KH¿EHUPL[WXUHLQGLFDWHGUHVSRQVHVDWWULEXWDEOHWR 6HSWHPEHU  ZHUH VHDUFKHG IRU UDQGRPL]HG SODFHER
HDFK¿EHUW\SH)LEHUPHDOVUHVXOWHGLQGLIIHUHQWLDOO\H[SUHVVHG controlled trials published in English, Japanese, or Chinese
JHQHV EXW WKLV HIIHFW ZDV VPDOO FRPSDUHG WR WKH IDVWLQJQRQ UHSRUWLQJ WKH RXWFRPHV RI LVRÀDYRQH VXSSOHPHQWV RQ OXPEDU
fasting effect. spine or hip bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal
CONCLUSION: 6ROXEOH GLHWDU\ ¿EHU LQÀXHQFHV WUDGLWLRQDO ZRPHQ 7ULDOV ZHUH LGHQWL¿HG DQG UHYLHZHG IRU LQFOXVLRQ
SRVWSUDQGLDO ELRPDUNHUV GHSHQGLQJ RQ ¿EHU VRXUFH GRVH DQG DQG H[FOXVLRQ HOLJLELOLW\ 'DWD RQ VWXG\ GHVLJQ SDUWLFLSDQWV
JHQGHU *HQH H[SUHVVLRQ FKDQJHV LQ EORRG OHXNRF\WHV FDQ EH LQWHUYHQWLRQV DQG RXWFRPHV ZHUH H[WUDFWHG DQG WULDOV ZHUH
LGHQWL¿HGDIWHULQWDNHRID¿EHUULFKPHDO assessed for quality in accordance with the established methods.
RESULTS & FINDINGS)URPUHOHYDQWWULDOVLGHQWL¿HG
DQGWULDOVZHUHVHOHFWHGIRUHVWLPDWLRQRIHIIHFWVRQ
P86-14 the lumbar spine, femoral neck, hip total, and trochanter BMD
USE OF PROGRAM THEORY TO IMPROVE UHVSHFWLYHO\0HWDDQDO\VLVRIKLJKTXDOLW\WULDOVLQFOXGLQJ
IMPLEMENTATION OF LIVELIHOOD postmenopausal women with low bone mass, found that daily
INTERVENTIONS INTEGRATED WITH HIV CARE LQJHVWLRQRIDQDYHUDJHRIPJLVRODWHGVR\LVRÀDYRQHVIRU
AND TREATMENT PROGRAMS IN UGANDA PRQWKVWRRQH\HDUVLJQL¿FDQWO\LQFUHDVHGOXPEDUVSLQH%0'
Kadiyala, Suneetha1; Rawat, Rahul1; Roopnaraine, Terry1; E\PJFP &,WR3  RUE\
Babirye, Frances2; Ochai, Robert2 &,WR3  FRPSDUHGZLWKSODFHER5HVXOWV
1
5(1(:$/,)35,:DVKLQJWRQ'&86$2The AIDS RIWULDOVZLWKSDUWLFLSDQWVVKRZHGWKDWDGDLO\DYHUDJHRI
Support Organization (TASO), Kampala, UGA  PJ VR\ LVRÀDYRQHV WHQGHG WR LQFUHDVH IHPRUDOQHFN %0'
E\  PJFP  &, í WR  3   RU E\
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: 'HVSLWH VLJQL¿FDQW  &,íWR3  1RVLJQL¿FDQWHIIHFWV
improvements in access to anti-retroviral therapy (ART), this RQ KLS WRWDO DQG WURFKDQWHU %0' ZHUH IRXQG 6R\ LVRÀDYRQH
DORQHLVLQVXI¿FLHQWLQWKHFRQWH[WRIZLGHVSUHDGIRRGLQVHFXULW\ supplements were well tolerated and no serious adverse events
among HIV-infected individuals in sub-Saharan Africa. were reported.
Increasingly, organizations are providing services that integrate CONCLUSION: ,VRODWHG VR\ LVRÀDYRQH VXSSOHPHQWV FDQ EH
food assistance and livelihood programming with HIV care and used to offset naturally occurring postmenopausal bone loss,
446
and are applicable for complementary or alternative use in silenced by hypermethylation of their promoter during cancer
women with postmenopausal osteopenia. development. Therefore, inhibition of DNA methyltransferase,
catalyzing DNA methylation, may be a putative mechanism
WKDW FRQWULEXWHV WR UHSUHVVLRQ RI FDQFHU JURZWK DQGRU FDQFHU
P86-16 initiation. A growing body of literature demonstrates that
EFFECTS OF ACUTE HYPOXIA ON PLASMA natural compounds, such as tea catechins (catechin, epicatechin,
METABOLOME IN MICE  HSLJDOORFDWHFKLQJDOODWH(*&*  ELRÀDYRQRLGV
Wang, Yuping; Guo, Changjiang; Yang, Jijun; Wei, Jingyu TXHUFHWLQ ¿VHWLQ P\ULFHWLQ  JHQLVWHLQ IURP VR\EHDQ DQG
Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Tianjin, coffee polyphenols (caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid), as well as
CHN DOOWUDQV UHWLQRLF DFLG $75$  YLWDPLQ ' DQG UHVYHUDWURO
are able to prevent or reverse promoter hypermethylation-
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: 7RH[SORUHWKHPHWDEROLF induced silencing of key tumor suppressor genes and induce
HIIHFWVRIDFXWHK\SR[LDRQSODVPDLQPLFH WKHLUH[SUHVVLRQLQFDQFHUFHOOV'HPHWK\ODWLRQDQGUHDFWLYDWLRQ
MATERIALS & METHODS: Fourteen mice were randomly of methylation-silenced tumor suppressor genes by ATRA,
GLYLGHGLQWRWZRJURXSVFRQWURODQGK\SR[LDJURXS7KHPLFH YLWDPLQ ' UHVYHUDWURO DQG JHQLVWHLQ PD\ UHVXOW IURP WKHLU
RIK\SR[LDJURXSZHUHH[SRVHGWRDVLPXODWHGDOWLWXGHRI involvement in indirect down-regulation of DNMT1 enzymatic
PHWHUV IRU  KRXUV 1XFOHDU PDJQHWLF UHVRQDQFH VSHFWURPHWHU DFWLYLW\DQGRU'107JHQHH[SUHVVLRQYLDVWLPXODWLRQRIS
ZDVXVHGWRLGHQWLI\WKHPHWDEROLFFKDQJHVDIWHUDFXWHK\SR[LD DQG37(1H[SUHVVLRQDFWLYDWLRQRIUHWLQREODVWRPD 5E SURWHLQ
RESULTS & FINDINGS: Compared with control, the most and inhibition of E2F transcription factor activity, inactivation
notable metabolic changes in plasma were as follows: carnitine RI(5ĮDQGRULQKLELWLRQRI$3FRPSOH[DFWLYLW\,QÀXHQFHRI
GHFUHDVHG UHPDUNDEO\ DQG ODFWDWH LQFUHDVHG VLJQL¿FDQWO\ DIWHU food compounds with catechol group on DNA methylation can
DFXWHK\SR[LDH[SRVXUH'HFUHDVHVLQOHYHOVRIHWKDQROJO\FHURO be referred to catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT)-mediated
glutamate, glycine and serine, and increased levels of lipids and PHWK\ODWLRQUHDFWLRQ7KHVHFRPSRXQGVDUHH[FHOOHQWVXEVWUDWHV
pyruvate, alanine, taurine, choline, glucose, and glutamine were for this reaction resulting in depletion of the methyl donor SAM
DOVRREVHUYHGLQK\SR[LDJURXS and formation of SAH which is a potent feedback inhibitor
CONCLUSION: 6LJQL¿FDQW FKDQJHV LQ WKH SODVPD of DNA methylation. The above facts raise the possibility
FDUERK\GUDWH OLSLG DQG DPLQR DFLG SUR¿OHV ZHUH REVHUYHG that these natural compounds, which participate in regulation
IROORZLQJ DFXWH K\SR[LD VXJJHVWLQJ D K\SR[LDLQGXFHG of DNA methylation, may be an effective approach to cancer
alteration in energy and related substances metabolism. chemoprevention.

P86-17 P86-19
METABOLOMIC APPROACH IN STUDYING APOA5 -1131T>C POLYMORPHISM, LIPIDS,
BIOCHEMICAL EFFECTS OF A-TOCOPHEROL METABOLIC SYNDROME AND CARDIOVASCULAR
DEFICIENCY USING A RAT MODEL DISEASE IN THAIS
Moazzami, Ali A. Warodomwichit, Daruneewan1; Ordovas, Jose M.2; Sritara,
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, SWE Piyamitr1; Sura, Thanyachai1; Jongjirasiri, Sutipong1;
Laothamatas, Jiraporn1; Yamwong, Sukit1; Busabaratana,
0HWDERORPLFV LV D QHZ DSSURDFK LQ ZKLFK SUR¿OHV RI Manisa1; Pingsuthiwong, Sarinee1; Anutarapongpan, Kraisorn1
PHWDEROLWHVLQGLIIHUHQWWLVVXHVDQGRUELRÀXLGVDUHLQYHVWLJDWHG 1
Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, THA;
WR XQGHUVWDQG WKH FKDQJHV ZKLFK LV LQGXFHG LQ WKH SUR¿OH RI 2
HNRCA at Tufts University, MA, USA
metabolites, following an induced modulation. We have used
this approach to investigate the biochemical activities of OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationships between the
ĮWRFRSKHUROLQWKHOLYHUXVLQJDUDWPRGHOGD\5DWVZHUH $32$&!7 UV SRO\PRUSKLVPDQG0HW6UHODWHG
HLWKHUIHGDVXI¿FLHQWFRQWURO Q  RUDGH¿FLHQWGLHW Q   phenotypes and risk of CAD in large-scale study in Thais.
IRU WZR PRQWKV EHIRUH VDFUL¿FH 7KHLU OLYHUV ZHUH FROOHFWHG MATERIALS & METHODS: Cross-sectional study in 1124
DQG H[WUDFWHG ZLWK FKORURIRUPPHWKDQROZDWHU 7KH H[WUDFWV SDWLHQWV  PHQ DQG  ZRPHQ  XQGHUJRLQJ FRURQDU\
were analyzed using 1H-NMR and the data was analyzed using computed tomographic angiography at Ramathibodi Hospital.
multivariate statistical method (PCA and OPLS-DA). The RESULTS: 7KH$32$7!&SRO\PRUSKLVPZDVVWURQJO\
VWDWLVWLFDO DQDO\VLV UHYHDOHG WKDW ĮWRFRSKHURO PRGXODWHV WKH DVVRFLDWHG ZLWK 7* FRQFHQWUDWLRQV DQG H[SODLQHG  RI LWV
contents of some amino acids and pantos moiety, and methyl YDULDQFH 7KXV && LQGLYLGXDOV KDG VLJQL¿FDQWO\ KLJKHU 7*
GRQDWRUV7KHVLJQL¿FDQFHRIWKHVH¿QGLQJDUHSUHVHQWHG FRQFHQWUDWLRQV PPRO/ FRPSDUHGWR7& PPRO/ 
DQG 77  PPRO/  LQGLYLGXDOV 3 IRU WUHQG 
0RUHRYHU WKH& DOOHOH ZDV VXEVHTXHQWO\ DVVRFLDWHG ZLWK
P86-18 JUHDWHU ULVN IRU 0HW6 25   &,  IRU &&
IMPLICATION OF DIETARY NATURAL COMPOUNDS DQG25 &,IRU7&3IRUWUHQG  
IN EPIGENETIC MODIFICATIONS AS A NEW primarily through the higher risk of hypertriglyceridemia
APPROACH TO CANCER CHEMOPREVENTION 3  DQGIRU&$' 25 &,IRU&&
Stefanska, Barbara M.1; Fabianowska-Majewska, Krystyna2; and OR
Szyf, Moshe1 CONCLUSION: 7KH $32$7!& SRO\PRUSKLVP LV
1
0F*LOO8QLYHUVLW\0RQWUHDO4XHEHF&$12Medical a potential predictor of MetS and CAD by modulating TG
University of Lodz, Lodz, POL concentrations. This polymorphism may serve as a candidate
marker for assessment of genetic susceptibility to MetS and
A number of studies provide evidence that vitamins and CAD in Thais.
polyphenolic compounds are potent bioactive molecules
with anticarcinogenic properties since they can interfere
with the initiation and progression of cancer by affecting
cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, angiogenesis,
and metastasis. These effects can partly be connected with
inhibition of DNA methylation, one of the mechanisms of
HSLJHQHWLF UHJXODWLRQ RI JHQH H[SUHVVLRQ DQG UHHVWDEOLVKLQJ
normal DNA methylation patterns. Numerous tumor
suppressor genes have been reported to be transcriptionally
447
P86-20 P86-22
GENDER-SPECIFIC ASSOCIATION OF THE CETP ANTIOXIDATIVE CAPACITY OF SAITHE
TAQ1B POLYMORPHISM WITH CARDIOVASCULAR (POLLACIUS VIRENS) AND SHRIMP (PANDALUS
DISEASE IN THAIS BOREALIS) AS AFFECTED BY DIGESTION
Warodomwichit, Daruneewan1; Komindr, Surat1; Jensen, Ida J. ; Mæhre, Hanne K.; Elvevoll, Edel O
Sritara, Piyamitr1; Ordovas, Jose M.2; Jongjirasiri, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, NOR
Sutipong1; Laothamatas, Jiraporn1; Sura, Thanyachai1;
Yamwong, Sukit1; Busabaratana, Manisa1; RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Lately the interest
Pingsuthiwong, Sarinee1; Yingchoncharoen, Teerapat1 in marine by-products as raw material for the production of
1
Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, THA; nutraceuticals or functional foods ingredients has been growing
2
HNRCA at Tufts University, MA, USA ZLWK SDUWLFXODU DWWHQWLRQ WRZDUGV QRQKD]DUGRXV DQWLR[LGDQWV
6XEVWDQFHVZLWKDQWLR[LGDWLYHFDSDFLW\ $2& DUHDOVRSUHVHQW
OBJECTIVES: 7R H[DPLQHG WKH DVVRFLDWLRQ EHWZHHQ &(73 in foods and are released during gastrointestinal (GI) digestion.
7DT% SRO\PRUSKLVP UV  DQG +'/& FRQFHQWUDWLRQV MATHERIALS AND METHODS: Changes in AOC of saithe,
DQG&$'ULVNDQGWKHLUPRGL¿FDWLRQE\HQYLURQPHQWDOIDFWRUV shrimp and aliquots thereof during a simulated in vitro GI
in a large scale study in Thais. GLJHVWLRQZHUHPHDVXUHGXVLQJWKHR[\JHQUDGLFDODEVRUEDQFH
MATERIALS & METHODS: The Taq1B polymorphism capacity (ORAC) assay and the ferric reducing ability of plasma
ZDV JHQRW\SHG LQ  SDWLHQWV  PHQ DQG  ZRPHQ  (FRAP) assay. Blueberry was included for comparison.
undergoing coronary computed tomographic angiography. RESULTS AND FINDINGS: The AOC increased in all
RESULTS: The Taq1B polymorphism was an independent samples during digestion. After digestion, the AOC of muscle
predictor of HDL-C concentrations (P<0.0001) and accounted RI ERWK DXWXPQ VDLWKH DQG VKULPS ZHUH DSSUR[LPDWHO\ IROG
IRU  DQG  RI LWV YDULDQFH LQ PHQ DQG ZRPHQ higher than the related press juices and higher than both digested
respectively. Thus B1B1 individuals had the lowest HDL-C EOXHEHUU\ IROG DQGPXVFOHRIZLQWHUVDLWKHZKHQPHDVXUHG
FRQFHQWUDWLRQV  PPRO/  FRPSDUHG WR %%  E\25$&:KHQPHDVXUHGE\)5$3EOXHEHUU\H[KLELWHGWHQ
PPRO/ DQG%% PPRO/ LQGLYLGXDOV0RUHRYHUWKH times the AOC of seafood muscle.
VLJQL¿FDQWDVVRFLDWLRQRI7DT%SRO\PRUSKLVPZLWK&$'ULVN CONCLUSION: 7KHVHUHVXOWVLPSO\WKDWDQWLR[LGDWLYHVSHFLHV
ZDVREVHUYHGRQO\LQZRPHQ 25 &, from seafood increase during and can withstand the GI digestion
IRU%%DQG25 &,IRU%%3IRU and thus may have a physiological impact.
WUHQG  +RZHYHUWKHDVVRFLDWLRQZDVQRORQJHUSUHVHQW
DIWHUFRQWUROOLQJIRU+'/& 3  :HGLGQRWVXSSRUWWKH
VLJQL¿FDQW LQWHUDFWLRQ RI 7DT% SRO\PRUSKLVP ZLWK JHQGHU P86-23
obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, smoking, or alcohol consumption PHYTOSTEROL CONCENTRATIONS IN BLOOD
in determining HDL-C concentrations. CELL MEMBRANES IS HIGHER IN CHILDREN
CONCLUSIONS: 2XU ¿QGLQJV VXSSRUW WKH UROH RI &(73 RECEIVING LIPID EMULSIONS
7DT%LQÀXHQFLQJ+'/&FRQFHQWUDWLRQVDQGDGGLQVLJKWWRD Campanozzi, Angelo1; Salvia, Gennaro2; Pianese,
JHQGHUVSHFL¿FDVVRFLDWLRQEHWZHHQWKHSRO\PRUSKLVPDQGULVN Pasquale; Campanozzi, Francesca1; Pettoello-
of C AD. Thus B1 allele carriers were associated with lower Mantovani, Massimo4; Giardino, Ida1; Corso, Gaetano1
HDL-C concentrations and subsequently higher risk for CAD 1
University of Foggia, Foggia, ITA; 2Fatebenefratelli Hospital,
especially in Thai women. The relationship was mediated partly Naples, ITA; University of Naples, Naples, ITA; 4University
through HDL-C. of Foggia, World Health Policy Forum, Giessen, Germany,
Foggia, ITA

P86-21 RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Children with intestinal


PROTEOMIC ANALYSIS FOR FUNCTIONALITY OF failure receive lipid emulsions which are usually olive-oil
TOONA SINENSIS RU VR\RLO EDVHG ,Q D VLJQL¿FDQW QXPEHU RI FDVHV SDUHQWHUDO
Chang, Sue-Joan1; Cheng, Ying-Hsin1; Chang, Chen-Chin2; Yu, nutrition (PN) is complicated by liver dysfunction whose
Wen-Jen pathogenesis remains poorly understood. Data from the literature
1
National Cheng Kung University, Tainan City, TWN; 2Tainan show a correlation between lipid emulsions administration,
University of Technology, Tainan City, TWN; Hungkuang higher serum phytosterols (Campesterol and Sitosterol) and
University, Taichung City, TWN cholestasis. However, no data regarding phytosterol levels in
blood cell membranes are currently available. The aim of the
2XU SUHYLRXV LQ YLWUR VWXG\ VKRZHG WKDW H[WUDFW RI 7RRQD study was to evaluate phytosterol concentrations in plasma and
sinensis leaves (TSL-2) impaired sperm functions at high blood cell membranes of children receiving PN.
concentrations. Here, we further investigate the functionality MATERIAL & METHODS: Plasma and blood cell
of TSL-2 in testes of rats fed with normal diet, vitamin C membrane levels of Cholesterol (Ch), Desmosterol (Ds),
 JNJ%:GD\  RU 76/  JNJ%:GD\  GDLO\ 7Dehydrocholesterol (Dhc), Lathosterol (Lt), Campesterol (Cp)
IRU  ZHHNV E\ SURWHRPLF DQDO\VLV RI WZRGLPHQVLRQDO JHO DQG 6LWRVWHURO 6W  KDYH EHHQ HYDOXDWHG LQ  QHZERUQ LQIDQWV
HOHFWURSKRUHVLV '(  DQG PDWUL[DVVLVWHG ODVHU GHVRUSWLRQ UHFHLYLQJ 31 DQG  FRQWUROV E\ XVLQJ D JDV FKURPDWRJUDSK\
LRQL]DWLRQ WLPHRIÀLJKW 0$/7,72)  5HVXOWV RI WKH '( mass-spectrometry method. The blood samples were taken 12
analysis by ImageMaster 2D Platinum Software indicated that hours after the interruption of lipid infusion. The duration of
SURWHLQVZHUHGLIIHUHQWLDOO\H[SUHVVHGPRUHWKDQIROGV PN and the amount of intravenous doses of lipids, glucose and
Further identifying these proteins with MALTI-TOF showed nitrogen were assessed.
that these proteins included glutathione S-transferase (GST), RESULTS & FINDINGS: The mean duration of lipid
SKRVSKROLSLGVK\GURSHUR[LGHJOXWDWKLRQHSHUR[LGDVH 3+*3[  DGPLQLVWUDWLRQLQSDWLHQWVZDV“GD\VDQGWKHPHDQWRWDO
IDWW\ DFLG ELQGLQJ SURWHLQ  )$%3  DQG WKLRUHGR[LQ ZHUH DPRXQW RI OLSLGV LQIXVHG ZDV  “  JUDPV 3K\WRVWHUROHPLD
GRZQUHJXODWHG E\ 76/ DQG LQYROYHG LQ GHWR[L¿FDWLRQ SHUFHQWDJH RI WRWDO VWHUROV  LQ SDWLHQWV ZDV “ DQG LQ
and spermatogenesis. In conclusion, TSL-2 decreases the FRQWUROVZDV“ S  
H[SUHVVLRQ RI SURWHLQV LQYROYHG LQ WKH VSHUPDWRJHQHVLV DQG Table 1. Sterol concentrations in blood cell membranes.
sperm maturation leading to the impairment of sperm functions.
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Controls “ “ “ “ “ “ƒ

Patients “ “ “ “ “ “ƒ

448
ƒS FRQWURO GXULQJ WKH K IROORZLQJ WKH EHYHUDJH  3 
CONCLUSION: The data of our study suggest that Sitosterol Similarly, fullness (treatment*time; P=0.0020) and satisfaction
accumulation in blood cell membranes is an early onset event WUHDWPHQW WLPH3  ZHUHVLJQL¿FDQWO\LQFUHDVHGE\
LQFKLOGUHQUHFHLYLQJOLSLGHPXOVLRQVSUHFHGLQJDQ\VLJQL¿FDQW DQG  SURWHLQ WUHDWPHQWV7KH  EHYHUDJH GHFUHDVHG (, DW
increment of phytosterolemia. This could be a useful marker WKHDGOLEOXQFKE\SHUFHQWFRPSDUHGWRZDWHUFRQWUROEXWGLG
to study endogenous metabolism of phytosterols and evaluate QRWUHDFKVWDWLVWLFDOVLJQL¿FDQFH N-N-
their role in the pathogenesis of PN-associated liver disease. 2924kJ;
N-3! 
Whey protein-enriched water beverages impacted positively on
P86-24 key measures of VAS-assessed satiety, but had no impact on EI.
TOCOMIN SUPRABIO™: PATENTED BIOENHANCED
ORAL DELIVERY SYSTEM P87-02
Ling, Sharon EFFECTS OF SHORT TERM INGESION OF
Carotech Ltd., GBR DIACYLGLYCEROL (DAG) RICH MUSTARD OIL ON
HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIC RATS
RATIONAL & OBJECTIVES: Palm tocotrienol (vitamin Rupali Dhara1, Pubali Dhar2 and Mahua Ghosh1*
(  VKRZHG SURPLVLQJ KHDOWK EHQH¿WV LQFOXGLQJ FDUGLRYDVFXODU 1
Dept. of Chemical Technology, 2Dept. of Home Science
protective effects, preventing stroke-induced brain damages, University of Calcutta
anticancer properties, preventing UV-induced skin aging and Kolkata, India
hair loss. However, like all other fat-soluble vitamins, oral
absorption of tocotrienols is low and erratic especially when RATIONAL & HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVE: ([FHVVFDORULH
taken with fat-poor diet. A self-emulsifying formula (Tocomin intake in industrialized countries has prompted development
SupraBioTM) was developed and tested in a clinical trial. of fat substitutes and other low calorie dietary items to reduce
MATERIALS & METHODS: A crossover study was obesity and related problems. Studies on various structured
conducted with 12 healthy volunteers. They were divided into lipids have been conducted for the management of obesity;
2 groups, one group received softgel containing Tocomin oil Diacylglyerol (DAG) oils are among them. DAG is a component
H[WUDFW ZKLOH WKH RWKHU JURXS UHFHLYHG 7RFRPLQ 6XSUD%LR70 ± RIWKHQRUPDOO\FRQVXPHGHGLEOHIDWVDQGLWKDVEHHQ
HDFKFRQWDLQPJWRFRWULHQROV $IWHUZHHNZDVKRXWSHULRG recognized as an intermediate in the process of TAG digestion
2 groups switched to receive the other formula. Blood samples in the digestive tract. But absorption and metabolism of DAG
were collected and plasma levels of tocotrienols analyzed. oil differs from that of TAG. Literature revealed that DAG oil
3KDUPDFRNLQHWLF SDUDPHWHUV &PD[ 7PD[ $8&’  ZHUH lowers postprandial lipemia and an increased proportion of
calculated and ANOVA procedure was applied. IDWW\DFLGVEHLQJR[LGL]HGLQVWHDGRIVWRUHG3UHOLPLQDU\VWXGLHV
RESULTS & FINDINGS: 7KH H[WHQW RI DEVRUSWLRQ RI suggest that these differences in energy partitioning between
WRFRWULHQROV IURP 7RFRPLQ 6XSUD%LR70 ZDV VLJQL¿FDQWO\ '$*DQG7$*PD\EHXVHIXOO\H[SORLWHGWRUHGXFHWKHDPRXQW
KLJKHU DYHUDJH   WKDQ 7RFRPLQ RLO H[WUDFW S  of fat stored in the body. Mustard oil is a major edible oil of
The rate of absorption from Tocomin SupraBioTM is faster & ,QGLDFRQWDLQLQJHUXFLFDFLGDQG&DQG&IDWW\
commenced at an earlier stage. acids in appreciable amount. Therefore conversion of some
CONCLUSION: The patented SupraBioTM delivery system parts of TAG of mustard oil to DAG may produce a high fat,
LQFUHDVHVWKHUDWHDQGH[WHQWRIRUDOWRFRWULHQRODEVRUSWLRQ lesser calorie cooking oil. In our laboratory, we have prepared
DAG-rich mustard oil and its nutritional characteristics and
dietary effects were studied and the results will be presented
P87: Macronutrients (Protein/Carbohydrates/Lipids) in this paper.
MATERIALS & METHODS: DAG-rich oil was produced
by reacting mustard oil with glycerol in 1:2 molar ratios in
P87-01 SUHVHQFHRIOLSDVHFDWDO\VW7KHUHDFWLRQZDVFDUULHGRXWIRU
SATIETY EFFECTS OF WHEY PROTEIN-ENRICHED KUVDWƒ&ZLWKPL[LQJUDWHRIUSPXQGHUYDFXXP
WATER BEVERAGES IN OVERWEIGHT WOMEN: A )HHGLQJ H[SHULPHQW ZDV FRQGXFWHG IRU  GD\V ZLWK  PDOH
DOSE RESPONSE STUDY albino rats of Charles foster strain. The rats were placed in four
Poppitt, SD1; McGill, A-T1; Proctor, J1; Weissing, KR1; Falck, JURXSVDQGHDFKJURXSZDVIHGZLWKIDW7KHIRXUJURXSV
S1; ;LQ/1; group MO, MODG, MOCh, MODGCh were fed mustard oil,
Budgett, S2; Darragh, AJ; Hall, RS DAG-rich mustard oil, mustard oil with cholesterol and DAG-
1
Human Nutrition Unit, University of Auckland, Auckland, rich mustard oil with cholesterol respectively. Growth rate,
New Zealand. )RRGHI¿FLHQF\UDWLRYDULRXVSDUDPHWHUVRIEORRG WLVVXHVDQG
2
Department of Statistics, University of Auckland, Auckland, leptin hormone were determined following standard methods
New Zealand. and using standard enzyme kits.

Fonterra Research Centre, Palmerston North, New Zealand. RESULTS & FINDINGS: The composition of the DAG-rich
RLO IHG ZDV 7$*   '$*   0$*   7KH WRWDO
Protein is recognised as the most satiating macronutrient. fatty composition of the DAG-rich oil was same with original
There is currently little information on whether satiety is mustard oil.
maintained when proteins are consumed as beverages. This RESULTS OF FEEDING EXPERIMENT: The results
study investigated the dose-response of whey protein-enriched showed that DAG diet decreased the total cholesterol of
ZDWHUEHYHUDJHVRQSRVWLQJHVWLYHVDWLHW\DQGHQHUJ\LQWDNH>(,@ plasma, EM, mesentery and liver than original mustard both
in overweight women. in normal and hypercholesterolemic dietary groups. The TAG
8VLQJ D FURVVRYHU GHVLJQ  SDUWLFLSDQWV FRPSOHWHG IRXU FRQFHQWUDWLRQ RI SODVPD ZDV VLJQL¿FDQWO\ ORZHU LQ WKH '$*
P/SUHORDGWUHDWPHQWV>N-N-N- IHGJURXSWKDQWKH%UJURXS/LYHUDQG(0OLSLGSUR¿OHVKRZ
ZZN- &OHDU3URWHLQŒ@ DW OHDVW  GD\V DSDUW)ROORZLQJ D WKDW WKH SKRVSKROLSLGV FRQWHQW ZDV VLJQL¿FDQWO\ LQFUHDVHG LQ
standard evening meal and breakfast, beverages were consumed the EM in DAG fed group than the control groups (MO and
120 mins before an ad libitum lunch, where EI was measured. 02&K   /HSWLQ FRQFHQWUDWLRQ ZDV IRXQG WR EH VLJQL¿FDQWO\
Feelings of hunger, fullness and satisfaction were measured lower in the DAG fed groups, MODG and MODGCh than the
using visual analogue scales (VAS). original oil control groups, MO and MOCh. Decreased leptin
7KHUHZDVDVLJQL¿FDQWHIIHFWRIEHYHUDJHSUHORDGRQKXQJHU concentration in the blood indicates lowering of depot fat in the
WUHDWPHQW WLPH 3   ZKHUHE\ WKH   DQG  body especially in the mesentery and in liver.
protein treatments decreased hunger compared to the water CONCLUSION: The results indicate that DAG rich oil reduces
449
tissue cholesterol, TAG and leptin content than the TAG oil P88-02
which may possibly reduce the risk of obesity related diseases. AMINO ACID AND VITAMIN LOSS OF COOKED
HORSE MACKEREL
Nuray Erkan*, Arif Selçuk** and Özkan Özden*
P87-03 *Istanbul University, Faculty of Fisheries, Department of the
CHARACTERIZATION OF ANIMAL-DERIVED 6HDIRRG 3URFHVVLQJ DQG 4XDOLW\ &RQWURO  2UGX FDG 1R
FATTY ACIDS BY GCXGC-TOF-MS FOR FOOD   /DOHOL ,VWDQEXO 7XUNH\  (0DLO QXUHUNDQ#LVWDQEXO
AUTHENTICATION edu.tr; ozden@istanbul.edu.tr
Dias Indrastia,b, Sung-Tong Chinb, Yaakob Che Manb, Rizal 7HO  )D[  
Damanikc 7h%ø7$.0DUPDUD5HVHDUFK&HQWHU)RRG,QVWLWXWH*HE]H
a
Department of Food Science and Technology, Bogor Kocaeli- Turkey
Agricultural University, Indonesia 7HO  (0DLODULIVHOFXN#PDPJRYWU
b
Halal Products Research Institute, Universiti Putra Malaysia,
Malaysia Cooking are important parameters for chemical composition
c
Department of Community Nutrition, Bogor Agricultural DQGQXWULWLYHYDOXHRI¿VKPXVFOH+RUVHPDFNHUHOLVRIWKHPRVW
University, IDN FRPPHUFLDOO\LPSRUWDQW¿VKVSHFLHVLQ7XUNH\DQGZRUOG,WLV
generally consumed as fresh. The aim of the present study was
Lipid as one of the major component in diet plays an important to determine the effects of different methods of cooking (frying,
rules in human health. The source of lipid is important not grilling and steaming cooking) on the amino acids and vitamins
only related to the ratio of saturated and unsaturated fatty composition of horse mackerel. Amino acid and vitamin (A, E,
acid or the presence of trans fatty acid but also from the %%%DQG% FRPSRVLWLRQZHUHGHWHUPLQHGLQUDZDQG
religious aspect. Islam, Jewish, and Hinduism prohibiting FRRNHG KRUVH PDFNHUHO  &RRNLQJ GLG LQ JHQHUDO VLJQL¿FDQWO\
their followers for consuming any food containing porcine increase the contents of essential, semi essential and other
products. Nevertheless, in some countries, food manufacturers DPLQR DFLG FRPSDUHG WR UDZ ¿VK VSHFLHV  6WHDPHG KRUVH
choose to blend vegetable or animal fats with lard to reduce mackerel had the lowest lysine concentration while grilled
the production cost. This study demonstrated the approach of KRUVH PDFNHUHO KDG WKH KLJKHVW 7KH PD[LPXP PHWKLRQLQH
comprehensive two dimensional gas chromatography coupled threonine, tryptophan, isoleucine, leucine, phenylalanine and
WR 7LPHRI)OLJKW 0DVV 6SHFWURPHWU\ *&[*&72)06  valine level was observed in grilled horse mackerel. Histidine,
for discriminating the lipids from animal fats. The method serine, arginine, cysteine and tyrosine contents of fried, grilled
approach was applied on the characterization of four common DQG VWHDPHG ¿VKHV ZHUH VLJQL¿FDQWO\ KLJKHU S  WKDQ
animal derived fats included lard (LA), chicken fat (CF), beef WKRVHIRXQGLQUDZ¿VKHV7KHPD[LPXPDODQLQHDVSDUWLFDFLG
tallow (BF), and mutton tallow (MF). In accordance to the glutamic acid, glycine and proline level was observed in grilled
normalized FAME data, Principal Components Analysis (PCA) horse mackerel and minimum alanine, aspartic acid, glutamic
revealed a clear discrimination of LA grouping from the other acid, glycine and proline level in all steamed horse mackerel.
species, which was attributed by several FAME constituents The highest vitamin A and E values of cooked horse mackerels
LQYROYLQJ PHWK\O KHQHLFRVDWHWUDHQRDWH &Q  were determined in fried horse mackerel. Vitamin B1 of raw
PHWK\O HLFRVDGLHQRDWH &Q  WUDQVPHWK\O KRUVH PDFNHUHO ZDV IRXQG WR EH  PJJ 9LWDPLQ %
RFWDGHFDGLHQRDWH &QW  WUDQVPHWK\O RFWDGHFHQRDWH RIFRRNHGKRUVHPDFNHUHOZDVIRXQGEHWZHHQPJJ
&QW DQGPHWK\OKH[DGHFDQRDWH &  IULHG  DQG  PJJ VWHDPHG   7KH PLQLPXP DQG
PD[LPXP YLWDPLQ % FRQWHQW RI FRRNHG KRUVH PDFNHUHO ZDV
IRXQGDVPJJ VWHDPHG DQGPJJ IULHG 
P88: Food Cultures, Cuisines, & Traditional Diets II 7KHYLWDPLQ%FRQWHQWRIUDZVWHDPHGKRUVHPDFNHUHODQG
niacin content of fried- grilled horse mackerel was found
similar. The amino acid and vitamin content of fried horse
P88-01 PDFNHUHOZDVIRXQGWREHVLJQL¿FDQWO\ 3 KLJKHUWKDQ
TRADITIONAL CONSUMPTION OF TORBANGUN the other samples.
(Coleus amboinicus Lour) AMONG BATAKNESE
PEOPLE IN INDONESIA
Rizal Damanik, Department of Community Nutrition, IPB P88-03
University, IDN NUTRITIONAL QUALITY OF FROG (RANA
RIDIBUNDA) CAUGHT FROM TURKEY
For many developing countries increasing national agricultural Ferhat dD÷LOWD\ 1XUD\Erkan**, Deniz Tosun*, Arif
production alone cannot improve food security. Food Selçuk***
production must be actively combined with evaluation selection *Istanbul University, Faculty of Fisheries, Department of
and domestication and greater utilization of underutilized or $TXDFXOWXUH  2UGX FDG 1R    /DOHOL ,VWDQEXO
wild edible plants that are of local or regional importance in Turkey. E-Mail: ferfez@istanbul.edu.tr
order to effectively increase nutrition security. By improving *Istanbul University, Faculty of Fisheries, Department of
the linkage between production and utilization, biodiversity of $TXDFXOWXUH  2UGX FDG 1R    /DOHOL ,VWDQEXO
traditional crops can be safeguarded, and indigenous knowledge Turkey. E-Mail: ddt@istanbul.edu.tr
of these traditional foods can be used to improve nutrition **Istanbul University, Faculty of Fisheries, Department of the
security. 6HDIRRG 3URFHVVLQJ DQG 4XDOLW\ &RQWURO  2UGX FDG 1R
Edible wild plants have been reported to be an important   /DOHOL ,VWDQEXO 7XUNH\  (0DLO QXUHUNDQ#LVWDQEXO
aspect of micro-nutrient food security. Wild species continue edu.tr;
to provide important energy and micronutrient needs during 7h%ø7$. 0DUPDUD 5HVHDUFK &HQWHU )RRG ,QVWLWXWH
GURXJKW RU VSHFL¿F SHULRG  $Q HWKQRERWDQLFDO VWXG\ DPRQJ *HE]H.RFDHOL7XUNH\
Bataknese people in North Sumatera, Indonesia, showed that E-Mail: arif.selcuk@mam.gov.tr
Torbangun plant (Coleus amboinicus Lour) is used as edibles
for their medical properties, such as vitality and lactagogue. The Frog (Rana ridibunda) are popular delicacy to human. In this
present paper reports the use of Torbangun among Bataknese VWXG\ORFDOYDULDWLRQVLQWKHIDWW\DFLGDPLQRDFLGSUR[LPDWH
people. Clinical studies in consumption of Torbangun in human compositions and colour of frog were studied. Protein, crude
and animals will be reported. Findings from the studies suggest IDWPRLVWXUHDQGDVKFRQWHQWVZHUH
the positive effects of Torbangun consumption on health and on DQGUHVSHFWLYHO\7KHIDWW\DFLGVRI&
nutritional status. &QDQG&QZHUHWKHLPSRUWDQWIDWW\DFLGVZKHUHDV
450
the major amino acids were glutamic acid (non-essential, SKRWRJUDSK\2XUIRUPDWLYHVWXG\FXUUHQWO\XQGHUZD\ZLOO
NE), glycine (NE), aspartic acid (NE), lysine (essential, E) H[SORUHWKHXVHRIWKH$6$LQWHUIDFHDPRQJFKLOGUHQ
and arginine (NE). Fatty acids were rich in PUFA. The most
important minerals were Fe, Zn, K and Na. However, Mg and
3FRQWHQWZDVYHU\KLJK7KH%%%DQG%YLWDPLQVRI P89-02
IURJZHUHPJJPJJ ENERGY VALIDITY INCREASES WITH INCREASING
PJJDQGPJJUHVSHFWLYHO\,WZDV NUMBERS OF DAYS OF DIETDAY: A SELF-
concluded that frog are rich sources of unsaturated fatty acids, ADMINISTERED WEB-BASED 24-HOUR RECALL
proteins and amino acids, which are the essential components L. Arab, P. Jardack, W. Liu, D. Schoeller
of human nutrition. UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA; University of Wisconsin,
Madison, WI, USA

P88-04 RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To compare the cost and


EFFECT OF PROCESSING ON CHEMICAL EHQH¿W RI HDFK DGGLWLRQDO GD\ LQ  UHSHDW ZHEEDVHG KRXU
COMPOSITION OF SEA SNAIL (RAPANA VENOSA, recalls.
VALENCIENNES, 1846) MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Energetics Study was
Özkan Özden*, Gözde Arslan conducted to validate caloric intake using a multi-pass, food
*Istanbul Universty Faculty of Fisheries, Department of image-based, computerized tool (DietDay) against total energy
6HDIRRG3URFHVVLQJDQG4XDOLW\&RQWURO2UGX&DGGHVL H[SHQGLWXUHPHDVXUHGE\GRXEO\ODEHOHGZDWHU '/: 
1R/DOHOL,VWDQEXO7XUNH\R]GHQ#LVWDQEXOHGXWU RESULTS: &DXFDVLDQVDQG$IULFDQ$PHULFDQVFRQGXFWHG
 UHSHDW DVVHVVPHQWV RQ LQGHSHQGHQW GD\V 7KH 3HDUVRQ¶V
Utilization of marine resources for human consumption has FRUUHODWLRQ EHWZHHQ '/: DQG WKH PHDQ RI  'LHW'D\V ZDV
LQFUHDVHG UDSLGO\ ZRUOGZLGH  6HDIRRG LV H[FHOOHQW ORZ IRUGD\VZDV7RWDOHQHUJ\H[SHQGLWXUHLQWKLVJURXS
IDW VRXUFHV RI SURWHLQ DQG SURYLGHV PDQ\ EHQH¿WV VXFK DV DYHUDJHGNFDOV 6' 7KLVZDVZLWKLQNFDOVGRIWKH
contributing to low blood cholesterol. Sea snail is (Rapana UHSRUWHG PHDQ FDORULF LQWDNHV IRU WZR GD\V  6'  
YHQRVD9DOHQFLHQQHV   YHU\ ULFK VRXUFHV RI DPLQR DFLG NFDOVRIWKHVL[GD\LQWDNHDYHUDJH 6' DQG
mineral and fatty acid components. The concentration of amino NFDOVRIWKHHLJKWGD\DYHUDJH 6' 7KHFRUUHODWLRQ
acid, minerals and fatty acids in seafood tissues depends on LQFUHDVHGIURPWRZLWKLQFUHDVLQJQXPEHUVRIGD\VRI
several endogenous factors, namely physiological condition, UHFDOOIURPWR
geographic habitat, fat content and processing methods. The CONCLUSION: $V PLJKW EH H[SHFWHG LQFUHDVLQJ QXPEHUV
REMHFWLYHRIWKLVVWXG\LVWRORVVHVWKHSUR[LPDWHDPLQRDFLG RI GD\V LQFUHDVHG WKH VL]H RI WKH FRUUHODWLRQ FRHI¿FLHQW EXW
mineral and fatty acids composition of sea snail in processing decreased the closeness to the true energy intake. The latter
line (pasteurization, canned, smoked and marination). may be indicative of reporting fatigue with increasing number
of days reported.
7KH IUHVK VHD VQDLO SXUFKDVHG IURP WKH ,VWDQEXO ORFDO ¿VK 6XSSRUWHGE\1,+5&$
PDUNHW GXULQJ WKH ¿VKLQJ VHDVRQ  6DPSOHV ZHUH  GD\V
post-capture on arrival at the laboratory in porose sack (living).
After the process period (pasteurization, canned, smoked and P89-03
marination) is the edible muscle was minced for analyses PILOT TESTING AUTOMATIC MOBILE PHONE
procedure to amino acid (HPLC), mineral (ICP-MS and AAS) IMAGING COUPLED WITH 24-HOUR RECALLS:
and fatty acids (GC-FID). The changes in amino acid, fatty ImageDietDay
acid and mineral composition of processed samples were found L. Arab, D. Estrin, J. Goldman, N. Petersen, J. Burke, D. Kim,
VLJQL¿FDQWO\WKDQWKHUDZVDPSOHVLQWKLVVWXG\ J. Kim
UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA

P89: Nutrition Assessment RATIONALE: Dietary recalls are subject to intrusions and
omissions of foods due to imperfect memory. To remedy this we
coupled automated imaging with a computer-assisted 24-hour
P89-01 recall for feasibility in 14 subjects.
24-HOUR DIETARY RECALLS FOR CHILDREN MATERIALS: Mobile phones worn around the neck were
-ADAPTING THE ASA24 programmed to autonomously capture and transmit images
Noemi Islam1,Tom Baranowski1, Richard Buday2 , Janice every 10 seconds. A website presented these the following day
Baranowski1, Debbe Thompson1, Karen Cullen1, Kathy to subjects conducting a web-based 24-hour recall.
Watson1, Alicia Beltran1, Shelby Martin1, Hafza Dadabhoy1, RESULTS: Logistic issues included IRB concerns, proper
Su-heyla Adame De Gutierrez1, Deirdre Douglass1 phone positioning, adequate energy reserves to continually
1
'HSDUWPHQW RI 3HGLDWULFV 86'$$56 &KLOGUHQ¶V 1XWULWLRQ transmit images, and development of user-friendly software
5HVHDUFK&HQWHU%D\ORU&ROOHJHRI0HGLFLQH+RXVWRQ7H[DV to present a manageable number of images. Phone usage was
USA; monitored through transmitted images. Subjective responses to
2
$UFKLPDJH,QF+RXVWRQ7H[DV86$ WKHLUH[SHULHQFHVZLWKWKHFDPHUDVKRZHGRISDUWLFLSDQWV
KDYLQJ QR WHFKQLFDO SUREOHPV DQG  IRXQG WKH LPDJHV WR
Multiple 24-hour dietary recalls (24 hdr) are the preferred be helpful. Across these users, there were 110 distinct eating
method for assessing dietary intake among both adults and episodes and 11,090 images, with an average of 101 images per
children. However, widespread use of 24 hdr is limited due to the HSLVRGHWR ,PDJHSURFHVVLQJ¿OWHUVGHYHORSHGWRSUXQHG
KLJKFRVWRILQSHUVRQRQHRQRQHUHFDOOVHVVLRQVDQGH[SHQVLYH RXWXQGHUH[SRVHGRYHUH[SRVHGDQGEOXUU\LPDJHVLQWURGXFHG
software. 24 hdr methods with children are also limited in that only seconds of processing overhead.
they rely on verbal descriptions of foods instead of pictures. Our CONCLUSIONS: The technology is ready and robust, and
goal is to adapt the Automated Self-Administered 24 hdr system attractive for investigators. Miniaturization of cameras, adequate
(ASA24) to the needs and abilities children. power supply and the human factor of self-consciousness still
:H KDYH VR IDU FRQGXFWHG  IRUPDWLYH UHVHDUFK VWXGLHV need to be addressed before it can be used in population studies.
)RUPDWLYH VWXG\  KHUHE\ SUHVHQWHG H[SORUHG ZKLFK RI WZR 6XSSRUWHGE\1,+5&$
IRRG VHDUFK VWUDWHJLHV WUHHYLHZ RU FRYHUÀRZ  ZDV SUHIHUUHG
by a sample of 104 children. Our results showed that kids
favored a treeview structure as well as widespread use of food
451
P90: Nutrient Supplementation D PHWDEROLWH )XFR[DQWKLQRO );2+  ZHUH PHDVXUHG );2+
ZDVREVHUYHGLQWKHEORRGDWKU QJP/ DQGSHDNHGDWKU
QJP/ DQGUHWXUQHGWRQJP/E\KUDIWHUWKHLQLWLDO
P90-01 ); FRQVXPSWLRQ );2+ ZDV PHDVXUHG LQ WKH VHUXP RQ HDFK
IMPACT OF BALANCED PROTEIN-ENERGY GD\ QJP/ EXWGLGQRWDFFXPXODWHLQWKHEORRGZLWK
SUPPLEMENTATION ON AND BIRTH WEIGHT AND each day of consumption. Blood and urine were also tested for
PREGNANCY WEIGHT GAIN FRQMXJDWHVRI);RU);2+'LVFXVVLRQ);ZDVQRWPHDVXUDEOH
A M Shamsir Ahmed, Tahmeed Ahmed, Mustafa Mahfuz, LQWKHEORRGVDPSOHV);2+DSSHDUDQFHDQGGHFOLQHLQVHUXP
Kawsari Abdullah, Alejandro Cravioto was more rapid than reported for less polar carotenoids and it
Mainstreaming Nutrition Initiative, Nutrition Program, does not appear to accumulate in its endogenous form in this
ICDDR,B, Dhaka, Bangladesh tissue.

BACKGROUND: This review summarizes the evidences from


Randomized Controlled Trials (RCT) conducted on the effects P91: Lipids & Fatty Acids III
of prenatal balanced protein-energy supplementation (Protein
(QHUJ\ 5DWLR   RQ ELUWK ZHLJKW DQG JHVWDWLRQDO ZHLJKW
JDLQ7KH&RFKUDQH5HYLHZFRQGXFWHGE\.UDPHUHWDO   P91-01
DOVRLQFOXGHGWKLVLQWHUYHQWLRQKRZHYHUWKHEHQH¿WRISUHQDWDO DROSOPHILA LACKS C20 AND C22
balanced protein-energy supplementation, which contained >= POLYUNSATURATED FATTY ACIDS
700 kcal per day was not evaluated separately. Shen, Li R.1; /DL&KDR42 2(JM-USDA Human Nutrition
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this review is to evaluate the Research Center on Aging,Tufts University, MA, USA); Li,
impact of balanced protein-energy supplementation (>=700 Duo1 (Zhejiang Uiversity, Hangzhou, CHN); Ordovas, Jose
NFDOGD\  WR SUHJQDQW ZRPHQ RQ ELUWK ZHLJKW RI WKH QHRQDWHV M.; .DQJ-LQJ;;
and gestational weight gain. 1
Zhejiang university, Hangzhou &Zhejiang, CHN; 2JM-USDA
METHODS: A search strategy was developed to retrieve RCTs Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University,
related to balanced protein-energy supplementation from Pub %RVWRQ0$86$0DVVDFKXVHWWV*HQHUDO+RVSLWDODQG
Med and Cochrane databases. Meta-analyses were performed Harvard Medical School, Boston,MA, USA
on the selected RCTs by using the RevMan software (version,
7KH&RFKUDQH&ROODERUDWLRQ WRHYDOXDWHWKHLPSDFW Drosophila melanogaster has been considered an ideal model
of supplementation on birth weight and gestational weight gain. organism for biology, but whether it is suited to nutrigenomics,
RESULTS: Balanced protein-energy supplementation during especially fatty acid metabolism, remains to be illustrated.
SUHJQDQF\VKRZHGVLJQL¿FDQWLQFUHDVHLQELUWKZHLJKWE\ 7KLV VWXG\ DLPHG WR H[DPLQH WKH PHWDEROLVP RI & DQG
J :0'    &,      2Q WKH RWKHU KDQG C22 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in Drosophila. Four
analyses for women supplemented with >700 kcal daily showed 'URVRSKLODVWRFNVZHUHIHGGLHWVVXSSOHPHQWHGZLWKVL[W\SHV
DJLQFUHPHQWLQELUWKZHLJKW :0' &,  RI 38)$V Q Q Q Q Q DQG
   6XEFDWHJRU\ DQDO\VHV IRU XQGHUQRXULVKHG QDW  PJJ EDVH GLHW )DWW\ DFLG FRPSRVLWLRQV RI
and adequately nourished women with daily supplementation three developmental stages were measured using a standard
!NFDOVKRZHG:0' &, DQG GC method. The predominant fatty acids in adults fed with the
:0'    &,    UHVSHFWLYHO\ IRU ELUWK EDVHGLHWZHUH&  &  Q  
weight Q  DQGQ  1R&RU&38)$V
%DODQFHG SURWHLQHQHUJ\ VXSSOHPHQWDWLRQ VLJQL¿FDQWO\ were detected in larvae, pupae and adults fed the base diet, nor
LQFUHDVHGJHVWDWLRQDOZHLJKWJDLQJZHHN :0'  LQÀLHVVXSSOHPHQWHGZLWKQDQGQ,QWKHQ
 &,     ZKLOH GDLO\ VXSSOHPHQWDWLRQ RI ! VXSSOHPHQWHG JURXS WKH & 38)$ ZDV VKRUWHQHG WR Q
NFDOVKRZHGJZHHNPRUHZHLJKWJDLQWKDQFRQWUROJURXS  ,Q WKH Q VXSSOHPHQWHG JURXS WKH & 38)$ ZDV
:0' &,   VKRUWHQHG LQWR Q EXW QR RWKHU & RU & 38)$ ZDV
CONCLUSION: 6XSSOHPHQWDWLRQZLWK!NFDOVLJQL¿FDQWO\ GHWHFWHGH[FHSWQDQGQLQWKHQDQGQ
increases birth weight in undernourished pregnant women.  VXSSOHPHQWHG JURXSV %DVHG RQ ELRLQIRUPDWLFV DQDO\VLV
However, evidence from South Asia is scarce, where the WKH 'URVRSKLOD JHQRPH KDV QR JHQH HQFRGLQJ GHOWDGHOWD
prevalence of Low Birth Weight is the highest in the world. GHVDWXUDVH7KHVH ¿QGLQJV LQGLFDWH WKDW 'URVRSKLOD ODFNV &
Further research is also required to bridge the gap between DQG&38)$VZKHUHDVWKHORQJFKDLQRIQDQGQ
technical and operational issues of supplementation. FDQEHUHGXFHGLQWRVKRUWHUFKDLQIDWW\DFLGVLQ'URVRSKLOD
This suggests that Drosophila likely possesses a specialized
lipidomics distinct from mammals, which presents limitations
P90-02 to its use as a model for study of human lipid metabolism.
A CASE STUDY OF FUCOXANTHIN UPTAKE
KINETICS
Neal E. &UDIW)UDQFLVFR;Arredondo P91-02
Craft Technologies, Inc., USA PC-DHA ENHANCED THE SKELETAL MUSCLE
PROTEIN IN RATS WITH ISCHEMIA PRODUCED
)XFR[DQWKLQ ); DFDURWHQRLGLQVHDZHHGKDVEHHQUHSRUWHG BY THE LEFT FEMORAL ARTERY AND NERVE
WRLQFUHDVHOLSLGR[LGDWLRQLQDGLSRVHWLVVXHOHDGLQJWRZHLJKW LIGATION
ORVV /LWWOH LV NQRZQ DERXW ); NLQHWLFV DQG ELRFKHPLFDO Tada, Eriko;
DFWLYLW\:HLQLWLDWHGDFDVHVWXG\H[DPLQLQJWKHXSWDNHRI); Kyoto Prefectural University, Kyoto, JPN
LQWRWKHEORRGRIDQDGXOWPDOH2EMHFWLYH7RPRQLWRU);DQG
PHWDEROLWHFRQFHQWUDWLRQVLQVHUXPIROORZLQJ);FRQVXPSWLRQ 7KH HIIHFW RI 3&'+$ GRFRVDKH[DHQR\OVQJO\FHUR
0HWKRGV%ORRGZDVFROOHFWHGDWKUV); phosphocholine) on muscle protein metabolism was studied
was consumed as softgels post blood draw (0 hr) and on days in rats with ischemia produced by the left femoral artery and
2QGD\PJRIWUDQV);ZDVFRQVXPHGDQGPJRQ QHUYH OLJDWLRQ 7KH LVFKHPLF UDWV ZHUH  FDVHLQ GLHW IRU
each successive day. Serum was harvested each day of blood WKUHH ZHHNV WKHQ GLYLGHG LQWR WKH  JURXSV IHG  FDVHLQ
collection and frozen. On day 4, blood samples were analyzed GLHW  FDVHLQ GLHW DQG  FDVHLQ GLHW ZLWK 3&'+$
E\ +3/& XVLQJ D & JUDGLHQW VHSDUDWLRQ ZLWK '$' %DVHG   DQG  LQWR  FDVHLQ GLHW  IRU RQH ZHHN 7KH
upon the results, no additional blood was collected. Results: All SODVPD DOEXPLQ FRQFHQWUDWLRQ ZDV VLJQL¿FDQWO\ UHGXFHG LQ
RIWKHPDMRUFDURWHQRLGVUHSRUWHGLQKXPDQEORRGSOXV);DQG UDWV IHG  FDVHLQ GLHW IRU WKUHH ZHHNV LQGLFDWLQJ WKH VWDWXV
452
RI SURWHLQ PDOQRXULVKHG 7KH IRRG HI¿FLHQF\ DQG WKH SURWHLQ 6XSHUR[LGHGLVPXWDVHDFWLYLW\RIPHMXSRZGHUJURXSZLWKKLJK
HI¿FLHQF\ RI UDWV IHG  FDVHLQ GLHW ZLWK 3&'+$ ZDV FKROHVWHUROGLHWZDVGHFUHDVHGVLJQL¿FDQWO\FRPSDUHGZLWKKLJK
VLJQL¿FDQWO\ KLJKHU WKDQ WKDW RI WKH UDWV IHG  FDVHLQ GLHW cholesterol diet group without meju powder. Catalase activity of
The ischemic gastrocnemius weight was reduced in the rats fed rats fed high cholesterol was induced by feeding meju powder
 FDVHLQ GLHW 7KH LVFKHPLF JDVWURFQHPLXV PXVFOH SURWHLQ by soybean germinated in light reaction. Meju powder diet
FRQWHQWZDVVLJQL¿FDQWO\LQFUHDVHGLQWKHUDWVIHGFDVHLQ LQFUHDVHGJOXWDWKLRQH6WUDQVIHUDVHDQGJOXWDWKLRQHSHUR[LGDVH
GLHWV ZLWK 3&'+$  DQG  7KH LVFKHPLF JDVWURFQHPLXV DFWLYLWLHV *OXWDWKLRQHSKRVSKDWDVH DFWLYLW\ ZDV KLJKHU
71)DOSKD P51$ DSSHDUDQFH RI UDWV IHG  FDVHLQ GLHW VLJQL¿FDQWO\ LQ PHMX JURXS E\ VR\EHDQ JHUPLQDWHG LQ OLJKW
ZDVORZHUWKDQWKDWRIUDWVIHGFDVHLQGLHW$QG3&'+$ reaction with high cholesterol diet than that of high cholesterol
tended to more reduce the ischemic gastrocunemius TNF-alpha diet group. Glutathione concentration of meju powder diet
mRNA appearance. These results suggested that the PC-DHA JURXS ZDV OHVV WKDQ FRQWURO JURXS DQG *6+*66* UDWLR ZDV
would improve muscle protein metabolism and recovery from QRWGLIIHUHQWDPRQJH[SHULPHQWDOJURXSV7KHVHUHVXOWVVXJJHVW
malnourished state. that dietary supplementation of meju by germinated soybean
PD\DOOHYLDWHOLSLGSHUR[LGDWLRQLQUDWVIHGKLJKFKROHVWHUROGLHW

P91-03
EFFECT OF GRAPE SEED WITH RESVERATROL P91-05
AMPLIFICATION ON LIPID METABOLISM AND MATERNAL DOCOSAHEXAENOIC AND
HEPATIC MORPHOLOGY IN RATS FED HIGH ARACHIDONIC ACID AT LOW PROTEIN ENHANCE
CHOLESTEROL DIET BRAIN SPARING RATHER THAN GROWTH IN PUPS
Seo, Jung-Sook1; Choi, Soo-Kyong1; Lee, Hyo-Jin1; Yoon, Ranade, Prachi S.; Rao, Shobha S.
Kwang-Seo2 Agharkar Research Institute, Pune, Maharashtra, USA
1
Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, Gyungbuk, KOR;
2
Yeongcheon-Si Agri-Technology Center, Yeongcheon, RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Emerging evidence
Gyungbuk, KOR LQGLFDWHV 'RFRVDKH[DHQRLF '+$  DQG$UDFKLGRQLF DFLG $$ 
are important for brain development and fetal growth. However
7KLV VWXG\ ZDV FRQGXFWHG WR H[DPLQH WKH HIIHFW RI GLHWDU\ their status is compromised in protein restriction, which may
VXSSOHPHQWDWLRQ RI JUDSH VHHG ZLWK UHVYHUDWURO DPSOL¿FDWLRQ have important implications for fetal adaptations. Therefore we
on lipid metabolism in rats fed high cholesterol diet. Male investigated the effect of maternal supplementation of DHA and
Sprague-Dawley rats were fed high cholesterol diet for 2 weeks. AA at low protein level on brain sparing, growth and survival
5DWV ZHUH GLYLGHG LQWR  JURXSV>FRQWURO FRQWUROJUDSH of pups.
VHHG ZLWKRXW UHVYHUDWURO DPSOL¿FDWLRQ FRQWUROJUDSH VHHG MATERIALS & METHODS: :LVWDU IHPDOH UDWV 
ZLWK UHVYHUDWURO DPSOL¿FDWLRQ KLJK FKROHVWHURO KLJK JURXS  ZHUH IHG GLHWV FRQWURO & SURWHLQ  ORZ SURWHLQ
FKROHVWHUROJUDSH VHHG ZLWKRXW UHVYHUDWURO DPSOL¿FDWLRQ ZLWKRXW /3 SURWHLQ  RU ZLWK /3'+$$$ SURWHLQ 
KLJK FKROHVWHUROJUDSH VHHG ZLWK UHVYHUDWURO VXSSOHPHQWDWLRQRI'+$$$VLQJOHFHOORLOV/LWWHUVL]HOLWWHU
DPSOL¿FDWLRQDQGIHGRQ$,1EDVHGH[SHULPHQWDOGLHWVIRU weight, organ weights, mortality and growth in pups were
4 weeks. Serum levels of total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol measured during lactation.
ZHUH GHFUHDVHG VLJQL¿FDQWO\ LQ JUDSH VHHG JURXS ZLWK KLJK RESULTS & FINDINGS: Litter size and weights at birth were
cholesterol compared to control group with high cholesterol FRPSDUDEOH EHWZHHQ JURXSV EXW UHODWLYH EUDLQ ZHLJKW   RI
diet. HDL-cholesterol level of grape seed group with resveratrol SXSVIURPVXSSOHPHQWHGJURXS “ ZDVKLJKHU S 
DPSOL¿FDWLRQZDVKLJKHUWKDQFRQWUROJURXS7KHKHSDWLFOHYHOV FRPSDUHGWRWKRVHIURP& “ DQG/3 “ $W
of total lipid and total cholesterol were decreased in grape seed day14, litter weights from supplemented group were lower
group with high cholesterol compared to control group with WKDQ FRQWURO S  EXW UHODWLYH EUDLQ ZHLJKWV “ 
high cholesterol. Triglyceride level was lower in grape seed FRQWLQXHG WR EH KLJKHU S  WKDQ FRQWURO “  DQG
JURXS WKDQ FRQWURO JURXS 7KH IHFDO H[FUHWLRQ RI WULJO\FHULGH /3 “ SXSV,QFRQWUDVWVXSSOHPHQWHGJURXSKDGWKH
was increased in grape seed group with high cholesterol than KLJKHVWPRUWDOLW\GXULQJ¿UVWZHHN  DQGFRQWLQXHGWR
control group with high cholesterol. Optical-microscopical EHKLJKHVW S WLOOZHDQLQJ
observation revealed fat accumulation of liver tissue in high CONCLUSION: Maternal supplementation of DHA and AA at
cholesterol group, but dietary supplementation of grape seed low protein supported brain sparing rather than growth.
tended to reduce such change. These results suggest that dietary
VXSSOHPHQWDWLRQ RI JUDSH VHHG ZLWK UHVYHUDWURO DPSOL¿FDWLRQ
may prevent the chronic diseases related to lipid metabolism P91-06
through improvement of lipid metabolism. THE EFFECT OF OMEGA-3/OMEGA-6 FATTY
ACID RATIO ON A FEW RISK MARKERS FOR
NON COMMUNICABLE DISEASES IN THE INDIAN
P91-04 POPULATION OF KZN
FFECT OF MEJU BY GERMINATED SOYBEAN ON Naicker, Ashika A.
LIPID PEROXIDE LEVEL AND ANTIOXIDATIVE Durban University of Technology, Durban, ZAF
SYSTEM IN RATS FED HIGH CHOLESTEROL DIET
Seo, Jung-Sook1; =KDQJ;LDQ+XD1; Choi, Ung-Kyu2 Unhealthy diets and physical inactivity are among the leading
1
Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, Gyungbuk, KOR; 2Good causes of the major NCDs. The key strategy of prevention of
Morning Co., Gyongsan, Gyungbuk, KOR these diseases is targeting the major risk factors i.e. unhealthy
diets and inactivity in an integrated manner. However, limited
The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of data is available on the dietary patterns of South African
dietary supplementation of meju by germinated soybean on Indians. Dietary recommendations have been made recently
OLSLG SHUR[LGH DQG UHODWHG HQ]\PH DFWLYLWLHV RI UDWV IHG KLJK that are both food- and fatty acid based. Although CHD and
cholesterol diet. The high cholesterol diet contained additional type 2 diabetes are common amongst South African Indians, to
FKROHVWHUROWR$,1EDVHGGLHW0DOH6SUDJXH'DZOH\ RXUNQRZOHGJHWKHQIDWW\DFLGFRQWHQWRIWKH,QGLDQGLHWKDV
UDWVZHUHIHGH[SHULPHQWDOGLHWVFRQWDLQLQJPHMX FRQWURO not been investigated. The main aim of the study is to gather
meju; meju by soybean germinated in dark reaction; meju by enough relevant information to design appropriate intervention
soybean germinated in light reaction) powder for 4 weeks. actions and programs to address the underlying causes of non-
Dietary supplementation of meju powder reduced microsomal communicable diseases (NCDs) in Indians in Kwa-Zulu Natal.
FRQFHQWUDWLRQRIOLSLGSHUR[LGHLQUDWVIHGKLJKFKROHVWHUROGLHW OBJECTIVES: 7R HVWDEOLVK ZKHWKHU D UHODWLRQVKLS H[LVWV
453
between current trends in food patterns and nutrient intakes, result did not attribute to changing the a -tocopherol metabolism
ZLWKVSHFLDOUHIHUHQFHWRQQIDWW\DFLGVDQGWKHSUHYDOHQFH E\UHGXFLQJD±&(+&SURGXFWLRQ
of risk factors for NCDs; To suggest strategies for an integrated
programme of prevention of NCDs in the target group.
MATERIALS & METHODS: This research was a cross- P91-09
VHFWLRQDOHSLGHPLRORJLFDOVWXG\ZLWKDUDQGRPVDPSOHRI ROLE OF MOROCCAN VEGETABLE ARGAN OIL ON
DSSDUHQWO\ KHDOWK\ ,QGLDQ UHVLGHQWV \UV  IURP 6WDQJHU ANDROGEN HORMONAL PROFILE
KZN. Habitual dietary intake, socio-demographic and medical Derouiche, Abdelfettah1; Rachid, Saile1; Bamou, Youssef2;
health history data was interviewer administered All respondents Benaziba, Nada; Benouhoud, Mohammed4
had to undergo anthropometric measurements and clinical tests. 1
Université Hassan II Mohammedia Casablanca, Casablanca,
RESULTS AND FINDINGS: 7KH PHDQ LQWDNH RI Q IDWW\ MAR; 2Hopital Militaire Meknes, Meknes, MAR; Université
DFLGZDVJGDQGWKHPHDQLQWDNHRIRPHJDIDWW\DFLGZDV Ibn Tofail, Kenitra, MAR; 4Hopital, Casablanca, MAR
JGHTXDWLQJWRDYHU\ORZUDWLRRI&XUUHQWO\RSWLPXP
ratio is matter of intense debate and this has to be borne in mind BACKGROUND: Argan oil is a typical Moroccan vegetable
when making recommendations. RLOZLWKVSHFL¿FIDWW\DFLGVDQGPLQRUFRPSRQHQWVFRPSRVLWLRQ
CONCLUSION: Interventions need to focus on dietary risk Promotion of nutritional value and health impact of Argan oil
factors that are culturally sensitive based on the indigenous would be enhanced through nutrition intervention.
food selections and acquired foods from adaptation to the South OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of Argan oil consumption on
African environment.. DQGURJHQKRUPRQDOSUR¿OHLQPHQLQRUGHUWRIXUWKHUSURPRWH
its nutritional value and encourage its consumption.
METHODS: KHDOWK\PDOHSDUWLFLSDWHGWRWKHVWXG\ZKLFK
P91-07 consisted of 2 weeks baseline diet period where all subjects
DOCOSAHEXAENOIC (DHA) ACIDS INCREASE FRQVXPHGJGD\RIEXWWHUDQGZHHNVLQWHUYHQWLRQSHULRG
CELL DEATH OF HUMAN CANCER MAMMARY during which subjects were randomized into two groups. Butter
EPITHELIAL CELLS BY LIPID RAFTS ALTERATION ZDV VXEVWLWXWHG E\  POG$UJDQ RLO DQG YLUJLQ ROLYH RLO IRU
Ravacci, Graziela R; Brentani, Maria M.; Waitzberg, Dan L AO Group and VOO group respectively. Body weight, and
Faculdade de Medicina da USP, São Paulo-SP, BRA total energy intake (TEI) were measured throughout the study
period. Testosterone, DHEAS and LH was measured at the end
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of of both periods.
'+$ DQG (3$ RQ WKH FHOO GHDWK DQG OLSLG UDIWV RI  GLIIHUHQW RESULTS: 1- TEI was isocaloric during all the study. 2-
human mammary epithelial cell lines. %0,  UHPDLQHG XQFKDQJHG  7HVWRVWHURQH DQG /+ VHUXP
METHODS: The HB4a cell line was established from normal FRQFHQWUDWLRQV VLJQL¿FDQWO\ LQFUHDVHG DIWHU WKH LQWHUYHQWLRQ
EUHDVWOXPLQDOFHOOVDQGWKH&LVWUDQVIRUPHG(UE%RYHU SHULRG7KHLQFUHDVHZDVRIDQGIRUWHVWRVWHURQHDQG
H[SUHVVLQJYDULDQWRIWKH+%DFHOOOLQH0'$LVDQLQYDVLYH  DQG   IRU /+ IRU$2* DQG 922 UHVSHFWLYHO\ 1R
and metastatic cell line. These cells were treated for 72 hours VLJQL¿FDQWFKDQJHVLQ'+($6FRQFHQWUDWLRQZHUHREWDLQHG
ZLWK(3$DW—0RU'+$DWDQG—0DQG'+$ CONCLUSION: 7KHVH UHVXOWV ¿UVW WLPH SURYLGH VFLHQWL¿F
 (3$ —0—0  RU HWKDQRO &HOO GHDWK DQG DSRSWRVLV HYLGHQFHRQQXWULWLRQDOYDOXHRI$UJDQRLOWKURXJKLWVEHQH¿FLDO
was studied by Flow Cytometry. To lipid raft visualization the DFWLRQRQDQGURJHQKRUPRQDOSUR¿OH&RQVXPSWLRQRIWKLVORFDO
Confocal Microscope Imaging was used. The cell membrane vegetable oil should be further encouraged.
DHA incorporation was analyzed by Gas Chromatography.
RESULTS: DHA induced cell death and apoptosis with a
KLJKHUSHUFHQWDJHLQ&WKDQ+%DDQG0'$ S 7KHVH P91-10
results are associated with cell membrane DHA incorporation STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF IRANIAN PRODUCED
LQFUHDVH S  DQG OLSLG UDIWV GHVWUXFWLYHQHVV LQ & KERMANSHAHI ANIMAL OIL ON SERUM LIPID
When DHA was supplemented with EPA the observed effects PROFILE AND HEPATIC ENZYMES IN HEALTHY
decreased. MEN
CONCLUSION: DHA increase cell death and induced Eghtesadi, Shahryar ;Egtesadi S¹,1DMD¿7ï'DQHVKYDU.ðand
DSRSWRVLVLQ&7KLVHIIHFWPLJKWEHUHODWHGWRLQFRUSRUDWLRQ 5H]DL0ð
of DHA increase and lipid rafts destructiveness. ¹Iran University of Medical Sciences, School of Public Health,
7HKUDQ,UDQð.HUPDQVKDK8QLYHUVLW\RI0HGLFDO6FLHQFHV
6FKRRORI0HGLFLQH.HUPDQVKDK,UDQ,UDQ8QLYHUVLW\RI
P91-08 Medical Sciences, Tehran, Tehran, IRN
CONJUGATED LINOLEIC ACID INCREASES TISSUES
a-TOCOPHEROL LEVELS WITHOUT REDUCING RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Cardiovascular disease
LIVER a-CEHC PRODUCTION IN C57BL/6J MICE is the leading cause of death in Iran and world, for which the
Chen, Wan-Hsuan1; Li, Yi-Jen2; Shaw, Huey-Mei1 high consumption of saturated fat is considered as nutritional
1
Chia-Nan University of Pharmacy and Science, Tainan, TWN; risk. Considering the high content of short and medium chain
2
National Taiwan University, Taipei, TWN fatty acids and lower cholesterol and long chain fatty acids of
traditionally produced Iranian Kermanshahi animal oil and
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) diet caused a marked increase of popularity of its consumption among Iranians, the aim of this
a -tocopherol in mice liver was seen in our previous study. The study was to investigate the effect of kermanshahi animal oil on
mechanisms involved in the a-tocopherol accumulation by CLA VHUXPOLSLGSUR¿OHDQGKHSDWLFHQ]\PHVLQKHDOWK\PHQ
IHHGLQJZHUHIXUWKHULQYHVWLJDWHGLQWKLVVWXG\&%/-PLFH MATERIALS & METHODS: PHQDJHG“\HDUV
ZHUHGLYLGHGLQWRWKUHHJURXSVZKLFKZHUHIHGDVR\EHDQRLO ROG DQG ERG\ PDVV LQGH[ %0,  RI “ .JPð ZLWK
DORQH &FRQWUROJURXS IROGYLWDPLQ(VXSSOHPHQWHGGLHW QRUPDO OLSLG SUR¿OH DQG KHSDWLF HQ]\PHV ZHUH WDNHQ SDUW
9(JURXS RUZLWK&/$ &/$JURXS VHSDUDWHO\IRUIRXU After ten days wash out period, during which subjects did not
weeks. a -Tocopherol concentration of liver, lung, adipose tissue, consume Kermanshahi animal oil and amount of which was
NLGQH\WHVWLVVSOHHQDQGKHDUWZHUHVLJQL¿FDQWO\KLJKHULQWKH replaced with butter, 10 ml blood samples were obtained and
&/$ JURXS WKDQ LQ WKH FRQWURO JURXS /LYHU D FDUER[\HWK\O serum lipid parameters (TC, TG, LDL-c, HDL-c) and hepatic
K\GUR[\FKURPDQ D&(+& OHYHOVZHUHVLJQL¿FDQWO\LQFUHDVHG enzymes (ALT, AST) were measured. Then subjects received
LQWKH9(JURXSEXWGLGQ¶WVLJQL¿FDQWO\GLIIHUEHWZHHQWKH&/$ JGD\ .HUPDQVKDKL DQLPDO RLO IRU RQH PRQWK DW OXQFK
and C groups. In conclusion, the accumulation of a -tocopherol replacing for other fats, while abstaining Kermanshahi animal
E\&/$GLHWZDVZLGHO\H[LVWHGLQDOOPHDVXUHGWLVVXHVDQGWKLV oil in other meals, amount of which was replaced by butter.
454
After this period, another 10 ml blood samples were withdrawn RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Macrophages utilize
and the same serum lipid parameters and hepatic enzymes were glutamine at high rates to produce energy and intermediates
measured as above. Three days 24 hours dietary recalls and to biosynthetic pathways. The study aimed to evaluate the
International Physical Activity questionnaires, were obtained effect of glutamine supplementation on glutamine and glucose
and completed. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistical consumption and on glutamate and lactate production
methods and paired t-test. MATERIALS & METHODS: Peritoneal macrophages were
RESULTS & FINDINGS: )ROORZLQJ  GD\V LQWDNH obtained from adult BALB-C mice. Cells were cultivated in
of Kermanshahi animal oil, there were a trend of WKHSUHVHQFHRIHPPRO/RIJOXWDPLQHGXULQJ
FKDQJH LQ 7& “PJGO YV “ PJ KRXUV7KHQFHOOVZHUHVWLPXODWHGZLWKȝJP/RI/36IRU
GO   /'/F “PJGO YV “PJ  PLQXWHV WR REWDLQ WKH FHOO O\VDWH ZKLFK ZDV XVHG IRU WKH
GO $67 “PJGO YV“PJGO DQG GHFUHDVH determination of glutamine, glucose, glutamate and lactate
LQ   7* “PJGO YV“PJGO +'/ RESULTS & FINDINGS: $OWKRXJK GLIIHUHQW H[WUDFHOOXODU
F “PJGO YV “PJGO $/7 “PJ JOXWDPLQHFRQFHQWUDWLRQVGLGQRWLQÀXHQFHJOXFRVHFRQVXPSWLRQ
GOYV“PJGO FRPSDUHGWREDVHOLQHYDOXHVEXWQRQHRI or glutamate production, the presence of 10 mM of glutamine
WKHVHGLIIHUHQFHVZHUHVLJQL¿FDQW 3!  VLJQL¿FDQWO\ LQFUHDVHG JOXWDPLQH FRQVXPSWLRQ DQG JOXFRVH
CONCLUSIONS: Present study showed that consumption of lactate ratio and decreased lactate production in LPS-activated
JGD\ .HUPDQVKDKL DQLPDO RLO IRU RQH PRQWK KDV QR HIIHFW PDFURSKDJHV S 
on serum lipid parameters(TC,TG,LDL-c,HDL-c) and hepatic CONCLUSION: 7KH SUHVHQFH RI  P0 RI H[WUDFHOOXODU
enzymes (ALT, AST) in healthy men, however more studies are glutamine increases its consumption by peritoneal macrophages
recommended. and decreases glucose conversion to lactate, suggesting a
decrease in the utilization of glucose by the glycolytic pathway.

P92: Protein & Amino-acids III


P92-03
REGULATORY MECHANISMS OF GASTRIC
P92-01 SECRETION BY LUMINAL GLUTAMATE IN
NUTRITIONAL AND IMMUNOMODULATORY PAVLOV’S-POUCHED DOG
PROPERTIES OF BOVINE MILK PROTEINS Khropycheva, Raisa1; Uneyama, Hisayuki2; Torii, Kunio2;
Sgarbieri, Valdemir1; Helaine, Jacobucci; Pereira Dias, Vasily, Zolotarev1
Nadia;V. Sgarbieri,, H. Jacobucci, N. P. Dias University of 1
Pavlov Institute of Physiology Russian Academy of Sciences,
Campinas, Campinas, S.P. BRA St-Petersburg, USA; 2Ajinomoto Co., Inc., Kawasaki, JPN

RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Milk proteins are nutritious Among the other amino acids glutamate is the most effective
and immunomodulatory, Their immunomodulations are stimulator of the gastric branch afferents from the vagus,
dependent on fractionation and treatments. The objectives FDSDEOH WR LQGXFH UHÀH[ UHVSRQVHV LQ XSSHU JDVWURLQWHVWLQDO
were comparing caseins and whey proteins from different tract. The aim of the investigation was to evaluate a role
preparations. of intra-gastrically applied glutamate in control of gastric
MATERIALS & METHODS: ([FHSW IRU WKH FRPPHUFLDO VHFUHWLRQ DFLG SHSVLQRJHQ DQG ÀXLG  ,Q PRQJUHO GRJV ZLWK
product casein (CC) and a WPI (NZ), a case in micelles surgically prepared small gastric pouches according to Pavlov
&0  DQG IRXU :3&V:3, ZHUH SUHSDUHG E\ PLFUR¿OWUDWLRQ (innervated) or Heidenhain (vagally decentralized), secretion in
XOWUD¿OWUDWLRQ GLD¿OWUDWLRQ ,PPXQRPRGXODWLRQ VSOHHQ3)& a pouch was induced by infusion into the main stomach of an
OLYHUJOXWDWKLRQHELRV\QWKHVLV GHWHUPLQDWLRQXVHG$81,PLFH amino acid-rich diet lacking glutamate alone or supplemented
1XWULWLRQDOLQGH[HVZHUHGHWHUPLQHGXVLQJ:LVWDUUDWV with monosodium glutamate (MSG). Having no effect alone,
RESULTS & FINDINGS: Immunomodulation was higher for MSG potentiated secretion induced by the amino acid diet both
WKHH[SHULPHQWDO:3&V:3,5Q)UDQFH+P&DQDGDV:3& in Pavlov and Heidenhain models. In the Pavlov pouch, the
%UD]LOWKDQIRU1=1HZ=HDODQG S 1RGLIIHUHQFHZDV HIIHFWRI06*ZDVUHGXFHGE\DQWDJRQLVWRI+7UHFHSWRUV
found between the caseins which presented lower values then granisetron. In the Heidenhain model, MSG enhanced the
the wheys. No difference was found in nutritional value for CM stimulatory effect of pentagastrin. We conclude that free
 V:3&  RU&0V:3&  6SUD\GU\LQJ JOXWDPDWH DW GRVHV QRW H[FHHGLQJ LWV FRPPRQ FRQFHQWUDWLRQV
DQGȖLUUDGLDWLRQ .* GLGQRWDIIHFWLPPXQRPRGXODWLRQ within dietary foods enhances gastric secretion induced by
CONCLUSION: :KH\ SURWHLQV H[SUHVVHG VWURQJHU intra-luminal amino acids infusion. This effect of free glutamate
immunomodulation than caseins. No nutritional differences is achieved predominantly by the potentiation of vago-vagal
were found among caseins and whey proteins. Method of UHÀH[HV DQG GLG QRW GHSHQG RQ FHUWDLQ DOORVWHULF LQWHUDFWLRQ
fractionation and harsher physicochemical treatments affected with other dietary amino acids.
immunomodulation of whey proteins. High correlation was
found between spleen FPC and liver GSH.
P92-04
ALTERED GENE EXPRESSION IN ADULT BRAIN OF
P92-02 SERINE DEFICIENCY MODEL MOUSE
GLUTAMINE IN VITRO SUPPLEMENTATION Wada, Akira4 ; Akira Wada1,2, Jung Hoon Yang1,2, Kosuke
DECREASES GLUCOSE UTILIZATION BY THE Tashiro2, Satoru Kuhara1,2, Yoshio Hirabayashi, Shigeki
GLYCOLYTIC PATHWAY IN LPS-ACTIVATED Furuya1,2,
PERITONEAL MACROPHAGES 1
Bio-Architecture Center, Graduate School of Kyushu
Rogero, Marcelo M.1; Borges, Maria C.1; Fock, Ricardo A.2; University, Fukuoka, Japan; 2Bioresource and
Ramos, Aline D.2; Pires, Ivanir S.2; Vinolo, Marco A.; Curi, Bioenvironmental Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka,
Rui; Borelli, Primavera2; Tirapegui, Julio4 Japan; RIKEN Brain Science Institute, Wako, Saitama, Japan;
1
School of Public Health, University of Sao Paulo, Sao 4
Bio-Architecture Center, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, JPN
Paulo, Sao Paulo, BRA; 2Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences,
University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, BRA; '3KRVSKRJO\FHUDWH GHK\GURJHQDVH 3KJGK  LV DQ HQ]\PH

Biomedical Sciences Institute, University of Sao Paulo, Sao FDWDO\]LQJ WKH ¿UVW VWHS RI GH QRYR /VHULQH V\QWKHVLV YLD WKH
Paulo, Sao paulo, BRA; 4University of São Paulo, São Paulo, phosphorylated pathway. Mutations in the human PHGDH gene
BRA FDXVHVHULQHGH¿FLHQF\GLVRUGHUV 6'' FKDUDFWHUL]HGE\VHYHUH
neurological symptoms such as congenital microcephaly and
455
psychomotor retardation. Our laboratory generated systemic FROODJHQFRQFHQWUDWLRQUHDFKLQJPJP/DQGDERYH
Phgdh knockout (KO) mice to reveal the essentiality of Phgdh-
dependent L-serine synthesis in embryonic development.
However, these KO mice result in embryonic lethality, thereby P93: Carbohydrates I
precluding investigations of the pathobiology of diminished
capacity to synthesize L-serine via Phgdh-dependent pathway
in adult brain. To understand the brain pathogenesis of SDD P93-01
DWWKHPROHFXODUOHYHOZHJHQHUDWHGPLFHZLWKDEUDLQVSHFL¿F PREBIOTIC EFFECTS OF NUTRIOSE®: A REVIEW
3KJGK GHOHWLRQ DQG H[SORLWHG WKLV DQLPDO PRGHO WR LGHQWLI\ Berard, Muriel1; 'HUHPDX[/DHWLWLD2; Lefranc, Catherine2
DOWHUHG JHQH H[SUHVVLRQ SDWWHUQV XVLQJ D PLFURDUUD\EDVHG 1
Roquette, Shanghai, Chn; 25RTXHWWH/HVWUHP&HGH[)5$
SUR¿OLQJWHFKQLTXHZLWKDFRPSXWDWLRQDOQHWZRUNDQDO\VLV7KH
present integrative study provides in vivo evidence that serine 6ROXEOH GLHWDU\ ¿EHUV LQGXFH VHOHFWLYH IHUPHQWDWLRQV LQ WKH
GH¿FLHQF\ LQ DGXOW EUDLQ DOWHUV WUDQVFULSWLRQDO SURJUDPV LQ colon, altering favorably the composition of the colonic
several regulatory networks. microbiota.
That’s how NUTRIOSE® has been demonstrated to induce
deep changes such as the production of Short Chain Fatty Acids
P92-05 6&)$V RUDGHFUHDVHLQWKHFRORQLFS+WKDQNVWRPRGL¿FDWLRQ
EFFECTS OF ALKALI-EXTRACTED RICE PROTEIN RIWKHPLFURÀRUDGHVFULEHGLQDUHYLHZRIWKUHHFOLQLFDOVWXGLHV
ON PLASMA LEVELES OF GLUCOSE, INSULIN AND These double blind, placebo-controlled trials were conducted
ADIPONECTIN IN NON-OBESE TYPE-2 DIABETIC and randomized in a parallel design. In each study, lasting 14
GOTO-KAKIZAKI RATS RUGD\VWKHIHFHVRIWKHJURXSVUHFHLYLQJ1875,26(Š 
Watanabe, Reiko1; Kubota, Masatoshi2; Kumagai, Takehisa; WRJGD\GHSHQGLQJRQWKHVWXGLHV RU3/$&(%2 RUJ
Kadowaki, Motoni2 GD\RIJOXFRVHRUJGD\RIPDOWRGH[WULQ ZHUHVDPSOHGDQG
1
University of Niigata Prefecture, Niigata, JPN; 2Niigata analyzed either by plates or biomolecular method.
University, Niigata, JPN; Kameda Seika Co., Ltd., Niigata, $Q LQFUHDVH LQ EHQH¿FLDO %DFWHURLGHV IURP JGD\
JPN 1875,26(Š  GD\V S  DQG /DFWREDFLOOL JGD\
1875,26(ŠGD\VS DQGDGHFUHDVHLQSDWKRJHQLF
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: I n vitro digestion and &ORVWULGLXPSHUIULQJHQV IURPJGD\1875,26(ŠGD\V
electron microscopic studies indicated the improvement S ZHUHREVHUYHG
LQ GLJHVWLELOLW\ RI DONDOLH[WUDFWHG ULFH SURWHLQ $(53  ,Q Consumption of NUTRIOSE® induces prebiotic effects in the
vivo study with rats proved clearly that AE-RP lowered total FRORQLFHQYLURQPHQWLQOLQHZLWKWKH)$2¶VGH¿QLWLRQ  
cholesterol and triglycerides in the plasma and liver * ). The ³DQRQYLDEOHIRRGFRPSRQHQWWKDWFRQIHUVDKHDOWKEHQH¿WRQ
SXUSRVHRIWKLVVWXG\LVWRFODULI\WKHLQÀXHQFHVRI$(53RQ the host associated with modulation of the microbiota”.
diabetes-related markers such as plasma insulin and adiponectin
levels in type-2 diabetic model rats.
MATERIALS & METHODS: The AE-RP from Koshihikari P93-02
(KRP) was used. Male Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats (7-wk-old) DIRECT COMPARISON OF DISACCHARIDASE
ZHUHIHGGLHWVE\SDLUIHHGLQJIRUZNZLWKFDVHLQ &  ACTIVITY IN THE SMALL INTESTINE OF HUMANS
DQG.53EDVHGRQ$,1*IRUPXOD'LDEHWHVUHODWHGPDUNHUV AND RATS
were determined with the plasma, urine, liver and kidney. Oku, Tsuneyuki1; Ogawa, Shigeharu2; Sadamori, Naoki1;
RESULTS: Fasting glucose level of KRP group was Nakamura, Sadako1
VLJQL¿FDQWO\ORZHUWKDQWKDWRI&JURXSDWDQGZNDQGWKH 1
Siebold University of Nagasaki, Nagasaki, JPN; 2Juzenkai
lowering-effect tended to be observed over 10 wk. After 10 wk, Hospital, Nagasaki, JPN
basal insulin level did not differ in both groups, but plasma
DGLSRQHFWLQ OHYHO RI .53 JURXS ZDV VLJQL¿FDQWO\ KLJKHU WKDQ Although the digestibility of newly developed saccharide
that of C group. Furthermore, we show the other data. PDWHULDOV ZLWK EHQH¿FLDO KHDOWK HIIHFWV LV HYDOXDWHG E\ WKH
CONCLUSION: 7KHVHUHVXOWVVXJJHVWWKDW$(53LVRIEHQH¿W hydrolyzing activity of animal disaccharidase, it is not clear
to type-2 diabetes. whether the evaluation using the animal disaccharidase is
UHÀHFWHG RI WKDW RI KXPDQ ,Q WKLV VWXG\ WKH GLVDFFKDULGDVH
activity in humans and rats was simultaneously measured
P92-06 by same method and investigated the detail difference of
STUDY ON THE AGGREGATION BEHAVIOR OF disaccharidase activity between humans and rats. The ratio of
ACID-SOLUBLE COLLAGEN FROM WALLEYE disaccharidase activity of rat versus human was between 1.1
POLLOCK (Theragra Chalcogramma) SKIN USING THE DQGIRUPDOWDVHVXFUDVHSDODWLQDVHWUHKDODVHDQGODFWDVH
FLUORESCENCE PROBE PYRENE and it was not so big difference. These results demonstrate
Yan, Mingyan1 Mingyan Yan, Bafang Li, ;XH=KDRZhaohui that the disaccharidase activities were generally similar
Zhang between humans and rats. When the ratio of activity of
2FHDQ8QLYHUVLW\RI&KLQD4LQJGDR&+1 maltase, palatinase, lactase and trehalase versus sucrase was
FDOFXODWHG WKH UHODWLYH DFWLYLW\ RI GLVDFFKDULGDVHV H[FHSW IRU
The aim of this paper is to investigate the aggregation behavior lactase and trehalase which greatly vary in the species, was
of acid-soluble collagen from walleye pollock (Theragra generally similar between humans and rats. These results
FKDOFRJUDPPD  VNLQ XVLQJ WKH ÀXRUHVFHQFH SUREH S\UHQH VXJJHVWWKDWWKHGLJHVWLELOLW\REWDLQHGIURPUDWH[SHULPHQWVIRU
5HVXOWVVKRZHGWKDWS\UHQHLV¿WIRUVWXG\RQWKHDJJUHJDWLRQ oligosaccharides is not greatly different from that in humans.
behavior of the collagen in Na-phosphate buffer of pH7.2. When Accordingly, it demonstrates that the evaluation of digestibility
collagen concentration was increased to the critical aggregation of newly developed saccharide materials using rat intestinal
FRQFHQWUDWLRQ &$& GHWHUPLQHGWREHPJP/JUDSKLFDOO\ enzyme can substitute for the evaluation using human intestinal
S\UHQH ,, UDWLR KDG D FDWDVWURSKH RFFXUUHQFH DQG WKHQ disaccharidase.
leveled off with further increases in collagen concentration. This
indicated that collagen could self-aggregate in Na-phosphate
EXIIHURIS+7KHVXEVHTXHQWG\QDPLFÀXRUHVFHQFHGHFD\LQJ
study revealed that the aggregation number of collagen was
not a constant, varying with different concentrations more or
less. The structure of aggregates tended to be integrated, when
456
P93-03 FDUERK\GUDWH±DQGP\RSLD7KHPRVWSHUFHQWRIFRQVXPSWLRQ
BALANCED DIETS WITH HIGH GLYCEMIC INDEX, ZHUHLQDJHG\HDUV
BUT NOT THOSE WITH SUGAR ALONE, ARE
SUITABLE ENTRAINMENT SIGNALS FOR MOUSE
LIVER CLOCK P93-05
Shibata, Shigenobu; Hirao, Akiko ; Tahara, Yu METFORMIN IMPROVES POSTPRANDIAL
Waseda University, Wakamatsu-cho2-2, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, GLUCOSE HOMEOSTASIS IN RAINBOW TROUT
JPN (ONCORHYNCHUS MYKISS) FED HIGH LEVELS OF
DIETARY CARBOHYDRATES: A POTENTIAL LINK
BACKGROUND: The peripheral circadian clock in mice is WITH THE INDUCTION OF HEPATIC LIPOGENIC
known to be entrained not only by light-dark cycles but also by CAPACITIES?
daily restricted feeding schedules. Behavioral and cell culture Panserat, Stephane1; Skiba-Cassy, Sandrine1; Seiliez,
H[SHULPHQWV KDYH VXJJHVWHG WKDW WKH LQFUHDVH LQ JOXFRVH PD\ Iban1; Lansard, Marine1; Plagnes-Juan, Elisabeth1; Vachot,
be one of the factors for such feeding-induced entrainment. For Christiane1; Aguirre, Peyo1; Larroquet, Laurence1; Charvegnac,
application of the results of feeding-induced entrainment to G; Medale, Françoise1; Corraze, Genevieve1; Kaushik,
human life, the nutrient content and dietary variations should Sadavisam1; Moon, Thomas W.2
be considered. 1
INRA, st-pee-sur-nivelle, FRA; 2University of Ottawa, Ottawa
PRINCIPAL FINDING: In order to elucidate the composition Ontario, CAN; Merck Sante, Lyon, FRA
RI IRRG LQ VXFK HQWUDLQPHQW ZH H[DPLQHG ZKHWKHU FRPSOHWH
or partial substitution of dietary nutrients affects phase shifts &DUQLYRURXV ¿VK DUH ZHOO NQRZQ WR EH SRRU XVHUV RI GLHWDU\
in the liver clock. The carbohydrate composition was selected carbohydrates and are considered to be glucose intolerant. In
DFFRUGLQJ WKH JO\FHPLF LQGH[ *,  YDOXH²KLJK DQG ORZ *, WKLV FRQWH[W ZH KDYH WHVWHG LQ UDLQERZ WURXW PHWIRUPLQ  D
carbohydrates. Administration of the standard mouse diet, i.e., common anti-diabetic drug - known to modify muscle and liver
$,10IRUPXOD>±JJPRXVH%:@ FRPSRVLWLRQ metabolism and to control hyperglycemia in mammals.
FDVHLQFRUQVWDUFKJHODWLQL]HGFRUQVWDUFK In the present study, juvenile trout were fed with very high
VXJDUVR\EHDQRLODQGRWKHUV>¿EHUYLWDPLQVPLQHUDOV levels of carbohydrates for this species during 10 days followed
HWF@  IRU  G DGYDQFHG WKH OLYHU ELROXPLQHVFHQFH UK\WKP RQ E\ IHHGLQJ ZLWK SHOOHWV VXSSOHPHQWHG ZLWK PHWIRUPLQ IRU 
WKH PLGGOH GD\ LQ 3HUOXFLIHUDVH NQRFNLQ PLFH E\ ± K additional days.
as compared to fasting or ad libitum feeding mice. Moderate 'LHWDU\PHWIRUPLQOHDGWRDVLJQL¿FDQWUHGXFWLRQLQSRVWSUDQGLDO
SKDVHDGYDQFHPHQWZDVLQGXFHGE\FRUQVWDUFKDQG glycemia in trout demonstrating unambiguously the
VR\EHDQRLOEXWQRWE\FDVHLQKRZHYHUJOXFRVHRU hypoglycemic effect of this drug. No effect of metformin was
 VXFURVH IDLOHG WR LQGXFH SKDVH DGYDQFHPHQW DOWRJHWKHU GHWHFWHGRQJHQHH[SUHVVLRQOHYHOVIRUHQ]\PHVLQYROYHGLQWKH
When cornstarch was substituted by glucose, sucrose, fructose, glycolysis, mitochondrial energy metabolism or on glycogen
RUSRO\GH[WURVHLWLQGXFHGSKDVHDGYDQFHPHQWLQSDUDOOHOZLWK OHYHO LQ WKH ZKLWH PXVFOH ([SHFWHG LQKLELWLRQ RI KHSDWLF
the respective GI values. When cornstarch was substituted by JOXFRQHRJHQLFJHQHH[SUHVVLRQVZDVQRWIRXQGVKRZLQJUDWKHU
high-amylose cornstarch (low GI) or gelatinized cornstarch D SDUDGR[LFDO LQGXFWLRQ E\ WKH GUXJ WUHDWPHQW RI WKHVH JHQHV
(high GI), the former caused weaker phase advancement than Finally, metformin treatment was associated with higher levels
cornstarch or gelatinized cornstarch. RIJHQHH[SUHVVLRQDQGDFWLYLWLHVIRUOLSRJHQLFHQ]\PHV
CONCLUSIONS: The present results strongly suggest that (1) Overall, this study suggests strongly that a limiting pathway
balanced diets containing carbohydrates are good for restricted IRUWKHHI¿FLHQWFRQWURORISRVWSUDQGLDOJO\FHPLDLQFDUQLYRURXV
feeding-induced entrainment of the peripheral circadian clock ¿VKIHGZLWKFDUERK\GUDWHVFRXOGEHDORZSRWHQWLDORIKHSDWLF
and (2) foods with high GI, and not those with sugar alone, are lipogenesis from dietary glucose.
VXLWDEOH 7KHVH ¿QGLQJV PD\ DLG LQ GLHWDU\ UHFRPPHQGDWLRQV
for on-board meals served to air travelers and shift workers to
reduce jet lag-like symptoms. P93-06
EFFECT OF TRIUMFETTA CORDIFOLIA ON BLOOD
LIPIDS, GLYCAEMIA AND BODY WEIGHT IN RATS
P93-04 Fomekong, Gilles Inès D.; Ngondi, Judith L.; Momo, Claudia
CARBOHYDRATE INTAKE IN RELATION TO THE E.; Oben, Julius E.
MYOPIA : University of Yaounde I, Centre, CMR
Esmaeelzadeh, Farnaz; Ghavamsadri, Maryam; Khamin,
Nazanin RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the
HIIHFWRIFRQVXPSWLRQRIGLHWDU\¿EHUIURP7ULXPIHWWDFRUGLIROLD
OBJECTIVE: 7KHSXUSRVHRIWKLVVWXG\ZDVWRH[DPLQHWKH on blood lipids as well as glycemia in rats.
association between carbohydrate intake and the prevalence of MATERIALS & METHODS: /HDIDQGVWHPEDUNH[WUDFWVRI
myopia. Triumfetta cordifolia were administrated at a concentration of
DESIGN: 7KH GHVFULEWLYHDQDO\WLF VWXG\ ZDV RQ  KHDOWK\ PJNJERG\ZHLJKW
VWDII±ZRPHQ Q  PHQ Q  ±DJHG\HDUVIURPWKH RESULTS & FINDINGS: We have observed a weight loss in
H\H FHQWHU LQ 7HKUDQ,UDQ LQ  7KH LQIRUPDWLRQ FROOHFWHG H[SHULPHQWDODQLPDOV7KLVZHLJKWORVVZDVDFFRPSDQLHGE\D
E\  TXHVWLRQQDLUH JHQHUDO LQIRUPDWLRQ IRRGIUHTXHQF\ reduction of the level of total cholesterol (P<0.001) and LDL
TXHVWLRQQDLUH ))4 WKHKRXUUHFDOO'DWDZDVDQDO\VHGZLWK FKROHVWHURO 3 E\VWHPH[WUDFWDQGWKHUHGXFWLRQLQWRWDO
SPSS. FKROHVWHURO 3 DQG&7+'/UDWLR 3 E\OHDIH[WUDFW
RESULT: 7KH GDWD VKRZHG WKDW  RI ZRPHQ DQG  RI %RWKOHDIDQGVWHPH[WUDFWVLJQL¿FDQWO\ 3 UHGXFHGIDVWLQJ
PHQKDGP\RSLDRISHUVRQFRQVXPHGFRPSOH[DQG EORRGJOXFRVHDVZHOODVPLQSRVWSUDQGLDOJOXFRVH7KHVH
VLPSOHFDUERK\GUDWHGDLO\  RI WKHVHSRSXODWLRQFRQVXPH H[WUDFWVLQFUHDVHGIHFHVZHLJKWDQGIHFDOH[FUHWLRQDQGGLGQRW
ZHHNO\  RI WKHVH SRSXODWLRQ KDG RYHUWDNH RI VXJDU DQG affect plasma level of calcium and magnesium. These decreases
VLPSOHFDUERK\GUDWHZKLFKRIZHUHP\RSH of biochemical parameters could be due to the decrease of
RIFDVHVZKRZHUHP\RSHDQGKDGRYHUWDNHRIFDUERK\GUDWH nutrient’s absorption in intestine.
ZHUH DJHG  \HDUV DQG  ZHUH  \HDUV  RI CONCLUSION: We have observed the decrease of blood
SRSXODWLRQ ZHUH P\SH DQG  RI WKHVH SHUVRQV GLGQCW KDYH glucose as well as lipidemia.
any family history of myopia.
CONCLUSION: WKHVH GDWD VXJJHVWHG WKH VLJQL¿FDQW
UHODWLRQ EHWZHHQ RYHUWDNH RI FDUERK\GUDWH ± VSHFLDOO\ VLPSOH
457
P93-07 P94: Micronutrients III
DIETARY FIBER IS AN ESSENTIAL NUTRIENT
Gordon, Dennis T
PIC&PC, Cathlamet, USA P94-01
SPECIATION OF IODINE IN BOVINE MILK
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: 'LHWDU\ ¿EHU ')  LV BY CHEMICAL SEPARATION AND NEUTRON
XQGH¿QHG EXW DQ HVVHQWLDO QXWULHQW 2QO\ DIWHU WKH LQWHVWLQH¶V ACTIVATION
essentiality of DF has been recognized, are these essential Chatt, Amares; Isaac-Olive, Keila
properties manifested into DF health promoting properties. 'DOKRXVLH8QLYHUVLW\+DOLID[1RYD6FRWLD&$1
MATERIALS & METHODS: 7RDFKLHYHWKHKHDOWKEHQH¿WV
ascribed to the DF hypothesis, individuals appear to need a Iodine is considered a micronutrient for human being s. Iodine
PLQLPXPRIJ')NFDOGD\7KHPLQLPXPDPRXQW GH¿FLHQF\ GLVRUGHU LV IDLUO\ FRPPRQ LQ PDQ\ FRXQWULHV RI
of DF necessary to achieve the quintessential properties of DF, Africa and Asia. One of the main source s of iodine is milk.
which are: 1) its intestinal water holding-bulking capacity that There is an interest in the determination of total as well as
DLGV OD[DWLRQ /  DQG   SURYLGLQJ HQHUJ\ IRU WKH LQWHVWLQDO various species of iodine in milk. We have developed a pseudo-
PLFURELRWD 0 WKURXJKIHUPHQWDWLRQ )(0 DUHDSSUR[LPDWHG cyclic epithermal instrumental neutron activation analysis (PC-
WREHJ')NFDOGD\7KHUHDUHQRFRQWUROOHGVWXGLHVLQ EI NAA) method in conjunction with anti-coincidence (PC-E
KXPDQV IHG GLHWV ZLWKRXW ') IRU H[WHQGHG SHULRGV +RZHYHU I NAA-AC) gamma-ray spectrometry for the determination of
YDOXDEOHLQIRUPDWLRQFDQEHH[WUDSRODWHGIURPLQIDQWVFKLOGUHQ ppb levels of iodine in bovine milk. We have applied chemical
DQGDGXOWVPDLQWDLQHGIRUH[WHQGHGSHULRGVE\HQWHUQDOQXWULWLRQ methods to separate various species of iodine prior to PC-E I
RESULTS & FINDINGS: Among individuals maintained by 1$$$&:HKDYH¿UVWXVHGLRQH[FKDQJHFKURPDWRJUDSK\WR
enternal feeding, it is observed that: 1) intestinal atrophy occurs; isolate inorganic iodine species from the organic ones followed
 WKHUHLVVLJQL¿FDQWORVVRIERZHOPRYHPHQWDQGGUDPDWLFDOO\ E\ WKH VHSDUDWLRQ DQG LGHQWL¿FDWLRQ RI YDULRXV LQRUJDQLF
UHGXFHG DPRXQWV RI IHFDO ZDVWH   FRORQLF PDVV RI LQWHVWLQDO VSHFLHV:HKDYHHPSOR\HGVROYHQWH[WUDFWLRQWRLVRODWHOLSLG
PLFURELRWD DQG GLYHUVLW\ RI VSHFLHV DUH UHGXFHG DQG   WKH containing iodine followed by further fractionation using a silica
body’s immune capacity-system is compromised. gel column. We have applied ammonium sulfate precipitation
CONCLUSION: A minimum amount of DF is essential for to separate protein-bound iodine followed by the separation
normal intestinal function and health. of proteins to casein and whey. We have found homogenized
ERYLQHPLON PLONIDW WRFRQWDLQDERXWLRGLGHLRQV
LRGDWHLRQVLRGLQHFRQWDLQLQJOLSLGVDQGFDVHLQ
P93-08 DQG  ZKH\ ERXQG LRGLQH  :H KDYH GHVLJQHG D TXDOLW\
THE EFFECT OF UNRESTRICTED ORAL DVVXUDQFH VFKHPH DQG FDOFXODWHG WKH H[SDQGHG XQFHUWDLQWLHV
CARBOHYDRATE INTAKE ON LABOR PROGRESS of both total and various species of iodine. We will present
Yavari, Parvaneh; Rahmani, Roghaieh; Khakbazan, Zohreh the details of various chemical separation methods and the
Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IRN PC-EINAA-AC method for the determination of iodine and its
VSHFLHVZLWKUHDOLVWLFH[SDQGHGXQFHUWDLQWLHVLQERYLQHPLON
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Because of the importance
of nutrition during last stages of the pregnancy, the policy
of routinely withholding food during labor is now being P94-02
questionable. Prolonged fasting may result in ketosis and MICRONUTRIENTS STATUS OF ANEMIA AND NON
prolonged labor. The purpose of this study was to assess the ANEMIA OF UNDERFIVE CHILDREN IN BANTEN
impact of unrestricted oral carbohydrate on labor progress & PROVINCE, INDONESIA
pregnancy outcome. Rosmalina, Yuniar; Herman, Susilowati
MATERIALS & METHODS: In a block randomized The Centre for Research and Development in Nutrition and
FRQWUROOHG FOLQLFDO WULDO  SUHJQDQW ZRPHQ LQ DFWLYH VWDJH Food, Bogor, IDN
RI ODERU FHUYLFDO GLODWDWLRQ  FP  ZHUH DVVLJQHG LQWR WZR
groups and received one of the following regimens: group A: RATIONAL AND OBJECTIVES: Micronutrients are
WKUHH'DWHVZLWKZDWHUWHDRUPORIDUWL¿FLDOMXLFHDQGJURXS essential for growth and development of individuals. The groups
% XQGHU IDVWLQJ 'XUDWLRQ RI ODERU 2[\ WRFVLQ UHTXLUHPHQWV PRVW VXVFHSWLEOH WR VXIIHU IURP PLFURQXWULHQW GH¿FLHQFLHV
Mode of delivery, Apgar score, fetal heart rate and incidence DUH FKLOGUHQ XQGHU ¿YH \HDUV 7KH DLP RI WKH VWXG\ WR DVVHVV
vomiting was recorded in all groups. PLFURQXWULHQWVWDWXVRIFKLOGUHQXQGHU¿YH\HDU¶VRIDQHPLDDQG
RESULTS & FINDINGS: The mean intake of total calories non anemia.
ZDVNFDOKLQXQUHVWULFWHGJURXS7KHUHZHUHQRGLIIHUHQFHV MATERIAL AND METHOD: Design of study was cross
between two groups from the aspect of the duration of active VHFWLRQDOLQ%DQWHQFKLOGUHQDJHPRQWK±PRQWKZHUH
labor, mode of delivery, frequency and volume of vomiting, met the criteria and participated in this survey. Data collection
fetal heart rate and Apgar score. The second stage labor was include anthropometric measurement and blood sample.
VLJQL¿FDQWO\VKRUWHULQWKHXQUHVWULFWHGJURXS S  Hemoglobin levels analyze using HemoCue, Serum retinol by
CONCLUSION: In this study, we found that simple oral HPLC and serum zinc by AAS.
carbohydrates like dates and orange juice can decrease the RESULTS: 7KH SURSRUWLRQ RI XQGHU ¿YH \HDUV ZKR VXIIHU
duration of second stage of labor. Unrestricted oral carbohydrates DQHPLD ZDV   VXIIHU ORZ VHUXP ]LQF DOVR TXLWH KLJK
in second stage of labor had no negative impact on the incidence DQGKDGVHUXPUHWLQROEHORZXJGO7KHPHDQ
of vomiting, and adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. VHUXPUHWLQRORIQRQDQHPLDFKLOGUHQZDVVLJQL¿FDQWO\KLJKHU
“ XJGOFRPSDUHGWRDQHPLDFKLOGUHQ “ 
XJGO7KHVHUXP]LQFRIQRQDQHPLDFKLOGUHQDOVRKLJKHU 
“ XJGOFRPSDUHGWRDQHPLDFKLOGUHQ “ XJGO
KRZHYHUWKHGLIIHUHQWZDVQRWVLJQL¿FDQWO\GLIIHUHQW2XWRI
XQGHU¿YHFKLOGUHQZKRFRQVLGHUHGDVDQHPLDKDGVHUXP
OHYHOKDGVHUXPUHWLQROOHVVWKDQXJGODQG
KDGVHUXP]LQFOHVVWKDQXJGO
CONCLUSION: 7KHSURSRUWLRQRIFKLOGUHQXQGHU¿YHFKLOGUHQ
who suffered anemia and low serum zinc was quite higher

458
P94-03 P94-05
THE EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT ZINC SALTS ON CELL SEVERE IODINE DEFICIENCY IN SCHOOL GIRLS
PROLIFERATION AND GENOMIC STABILITY IN FROM NORTHERN ETHIOPIA
WIL2NS CELL-LINES Mulugeta, Afework1; Gebre, Mehari2; Stoecker, Barbara J.;
Sharif, Razinah1; Butler, Ross2; Thomas, Philip1; Zalewski, Abdelkadir, Mahmud1; G.tsadik, Asfaw1; G.yesus, Araya1
Peter; Graham, Robin; Fenech, Michael1 1
Mekelle University, Mekelle, ETH; 2Tigray Health Bureau,
1
CSIRO, South Australia, AUS; 2Women’s and Children’s Mekelle, ETH; Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK,
Hospital, Adelaide, AUS; University of Adelaide, Adelaide, USA
AUS
A cross-sectional study was designed to assess knowledge of
/LPLWHG LQIRUPDWLRQ LV UHSRUWHG UHÀHFWLQJ FHOO SUROLIHUDWLRQ LRGLQH GH¿FLHQF\ DV ZHOO DV JRLWHU SUHYDOHQFH LQ JLUOV IURP
rates and genomic stability events involving zinc in human 7LJUD\1RUWKHUQ(WKLRSLD$WRWDORIJLUOVDJHG\HDUV
lymphocytes. This study investigated the effects of zinc on cell were randomly drawn from nine complete primary schools.
proliferation and genomic stability in a WIL-2NS lymphoblastoid 7RWDOJRLWHUUDWH 7*5 PHDVXUHGE\SDOSDWLRQZDVZLWK
cell lines. Two different zinc salts were used, zinc carnosine and 7*5YDU\LQJIURPWRLQGLIIHUHQWVFKRROV2QO\RI
zinc sulfate at varying concentrations. WIL-2NS cells were KRXVHKROGVXVHGLRGL]HGVDOW0RUHWKDQKDOI  RIWKHJLUOV
FXOWXUHG LQ ]LQF GH¿FLHQW PHGLXP XVLQJ FKHOH[  QRUPDO did not know the cause of goiter. None of them mentioned the
FXOWXUH PHGLXP 530,  DQG ]LQF H[FHVV PHGLXP =LQF DVVRFLDWLRQ EHWZHHQ LRGLQH GH¿FLHQF\ DQG FRJQLWLYH IXQFWLRQ
FDUQRVLQH DQG ]LQF VXOIDWH ERWK GHPRQVWUDWHG D VLJQL¿FDQW 'ULQNLQJ FROG DQG GLUW\ ZDWHU DQG IDLOXUH WR PDVVDJH KHDG
S  GRVH GHSHQGHQW HIIHFW RQ FHOO GHDWK PHDVXUHG ZLWK hair with butter were mentioned as causes of goiter; tattooing,
077 > GLPHWK\OWKLD]RO\O GLSKHQ\OWHWUD]ROLXP GULQNLQJZDUPZDWHUDQGVXUJHU\ZHUHVXJJHVWHGDVFRUUHFWLYH
EURPLGH@ 7KH QHFURWLF HIIHFW RI ERWK ]LQF VDOWV ZDV QRWHG DV preventive measures. Results substantiated IDD as a public
HDUO\ DV  KRXUV VKRZLQJ  RI FHOO GHDWK DW  —0 DQG health problem with potential to impede social and economic
 —0 =LQFGH¿FLHQW PHGLXP GLG QRW GHPRQVWUDWH DQ\ development. We suggest implementation of educational
VLJQL¿FDQWLQKLELWLRQRIFHOOSUROLIHUDWLRQIROORZLQJLQFXEDWLRQ programs about IDD prevention in schools as well as quality
for 72 hours. Genomic stability was measured via cytokinesis- control measures to ensure adequately iodized salt and
EORFNPLFURQXFOHXVF\WRPHDVVD\IROORZLQJGD\VLQFXEDWLRQ appropriate utilization and storage.
Binucleated cells were harvested and scored for DNA damage
biomarkers (micronuclei, nucleoplasmic bridges and nuclear
buds), viability status (apoptotic and necrotic) and mitotic P94-06
status (mononucleated, binucleated and multinucleated). Zinc EFFECTS OF LOW FOLATE ON CELL GROWTH AND
VXOIDWHDW—0VKRZHGDVLJQL¿FDQWLQFUHDVHLQQHFURWLFFHOOV GENOME STABILITY IN HT29 CELL LINES
FRPSDUHG WR ]LQF FDUQRVLQH S  7KHUH ZDV OLWWOH LPSDFW Arnida Hani Teh1,2, Peter Clifton1 and Michael Fenech1
RQ'1$GDPDJHXSWR—0FRQFHQWUDWLRQIRUERWK]LQFVDOWV 1
CSIRO Human Nutrition, Adelaide, South Australia,
were observed. In conclusion, zinc carnosine was found to be Australia; 2School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences,
OHVV F\WRWR[LF FRPSDUHG WR ]LQF VXOIDWH DQG WKLV PD\ SURYLGH University of Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
useful information for future human clinical trials.
Statistical data indicate that colon cancer incidence is increasing
worldwide. Previous evidences have shown that folate is
P94-04 suspected of having a role in determining colorectal cancer
IODINE STATUS AND COGNITIVE FUNCTION OF risk It is hypothesized that restriction of folate will induce
WOMEN AND THEIR FIVE-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN IN '1$ GDPDJH DQG SUHYHQW H[FHVVLYH SUROLIHUDWLRQ RI FRORQ
SIDAMA, SOUTHERN ETHIOPIA cancer cells. HT29 cell lines were cultured in three different
Bogale, Alemtsehay1; Stoecker, Barbara J.2; Abebe, Yewelsew1; ORZ IRODWH PHGLXP   DQG  Q0/  DQG 530, 
Abuye, Cherinet; Ketema, Kassu1; Hambidge, Michael4 medium as control. We found that cell growth and viability were
1
Hawassa University, Awassa, ETH; 2Oklahoma State UHGXFHGVLJQL¿FDQWO\ S ZKHQIRODWHLVOLPLWLQJE\ERWK
University, Stillwater, OK, USA; Ethiopian Health & >GLPHWK\OWKLD]RO\O@ GLSKHQ\OWHWUD]ROLXP EURPLGH
Nutrition Research Institute, Addis Ababa, USA; 4University (MTT) and Crystal Violet colorimetric assay following 9 days
of Colorado Health Sciences, Aurora, CO, USA incubation. To measure genome stability, cells were harvested
after 7 days of culture and were scored for DNA damage
This cross-sectional study assessed iodine status and cognitive indicators (micronuclei (MN), nucleoplasmic bridges (NPBs),
function of 100 women and their children in rural southern and nuclear buds (NBUDs). However, low folate medium did
Ethiopia. Cognitive tests included Raven’s CPM and selected QRWFDXVHDQ\VLJQL¿FDQW'1$GDPDJHPHDVXUHGE\&\WRNLQHVLV
tests from the Kaufman ABC-II (KABC-II). Goiter rate was Block Micronucleus (CBMN) assay. Further investigations
 LQ ZRPHQ DQG  LQ FKLOGUHQ 6WXQWLQJ +$=  LQ will be conducted in order to understand the actual mechanism
FKLOGUHQ ZDV  DQG XQGHUZHLJKW :$=  ZDV  underlying cell death.
2QO\  XVHG LRGL]HG VDOW  0RUH WKDQ  KDG  ȝJ/
XULQDU\ LRGLQH H[FUHWLRQ 8,(  LQGLFDWLQJ VHYHUH GH¿FLHQF\
5DYHQ¶V &30 IRU PRWKHUV ZDV VLJQL¿FDQWO\ UHODWHG WR VKRUW P94-07
term memory, visual processing, and planning indices from VITAMIN B-12 STATUS IN A GENERAL ADULT
KABC-II. Both short-term memory and visual processing were POPULATION
correlated for mothers and children. Children’s goiter and UIE Thuesen, Betina1; Husemoen, Lise Lotte1; Ovesen, Lars2;
were related to short-term but not visual memory. Cognitive test Jørgensen, Torben1; Linneberg, Allan1
VFRUHVZHUHVLJQL¿FDQWO\KLJKHULQQRQVWXQWHGWKDQVWXQWHGDQG 1
Glostrup University Hospital, Glostrup, DNK; 2Slagelse
in normal-weight than under-weight children. High prevalence Hospital, Slagelse, DNK
of goiter and low UIE demonstrate long- and short-term iodine
GH¿FLHQF\  ,PSURYHG LRGLQH DQG SURWHLQHQHUJ\ VWDWXV KDYH RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Severe vitamin B-12
potential to improve children’s cognitive performance. GH¿FLHQF\ FDXVHV DQHPLD DQG LQ VRPH FDVHV QHXURSDWK\ ,Q
addition, low serum B-12 concentration (LSB12) has been
associated with several chronic diseases such as cardiovascular
diseases and dementia. When discussing folic acid food
IRUWL¿FDWLRQSRVVLEOHPDVNLQJRIYLWDPLQ%GH¿FLHQF\LVD
matter of concern, i.e. remedying anemia without preventing
459
the neurological consequences. The aim of this study was to and ALT in rat plasma and TG, T-Chol, vitamin E analogs and
evaluate the B-12 status of Danish adults. P51$H[SUHVVLRQRILQÀDPPDWRU\F\WRNLQHVLQUDWOLYHU
MATERIALS & METHODS: $ UDQGRP VDPSOH RI  RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Liver TG content was
SHUVRQVIURPDJHQHUDOSRSXODWLRQDJHG\HDUVSDUWLFLSDWHG VLJQL¿FDQWO\GHFUHDVHGLQȖ7RF&&OJURXSDQG7RF&&O
LQ D KHDOWK H[DPLQDWLRQ LQ  %ORRG VDPSOHV ZHUH group compared with CCl4 group. Also, ALT activity in
analyzed for serum B12 concentration and several genetic 7RF&&OJURXSZDVVLJQL¿FDQWO\ORZHUWKDQLQ&&OJURXS
polymorphisms relating to metabolism of B-vitamins. 7KHUHIRUHZHVXJJHVWHGWKDWȖ7RFDQG7RFDUHHIIHFWLYHIRU
Information on lifestyle factors was obtained by questionnaires. improvement of fatty liver induced CCl4.
RESULTS & FINDINGS: The overall prevalence of
/6% SPROO  ZDV  /6% ZDV VLJQL¿FDQWO\
DVVRFLDWHGZLWKIHPDOHVH[KLJKFRIIHHLQWDNHDQGORZIRODWH P94-10
status. In addition, an association between LSB12 and the SERUM 25-HYDROXYVITAMIN D
07+)5 &7 SRO\PRUSKLVPZDVIRXQG CONCERNTRATION OF CHILDREN AGED3-12 IN
CONCLUSION: /6% ZDV SUHVHQW LQ  RI WKH DGXOW CHINA
population in this study and was more common among Chen, Jing; <DQJ;LDRJXDQJ
participants who had also low folate status. National Institute for Nutrion and food Safety,Chinese CDC,
Beijing, CHN

P94-08 OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D plays an important role in health.


ASSOCIATION BETWEEN INTESTINAL CALCIUM 6HUXPK\GUR[\YLWDPLQ'LVWKHEHVWLQGLFDWRURIYLWDPLQ'
ABSORPTION AND OXIDATIVE STRESS IN C57BL/6 VWDWXV7KLVVWXG\ZDVWRPHDVXUHVHUXPK\GUR[\YLWDPLQ'
MICE FED A HIGH-FAT DIET  2+ '  FRQFHQWUDWLRQV DQG WR HVWLPDWH WKH SUHYDOHQFH RI
;LDR<LQJ hypovitaminosis D in children in China.
-LDQJQDQXQLYHUVLW\:X[L-LDQJVX&+1 METHODS: $ WRWDO RI 6XEMHFWV DJHG  \HDUV ZHUH
selected from the National Nutrition and Health Status Survey
OBJECTIVE: 7KHSUHVHQWVWXG\H[SORUHGWKHHIIHFWRIKLJK  6HUXP K\GUR[\YLWDPLQ ' ZDV GHWHUPLQHG XVLQJ D
IDWGLHW +)' RQUHGR[RIGXRGHQXPDQGFDOFLXPDEVRUSWLRQ commercial radioimmunoassay kit.
LQ&%PLFH)XUWKHUPRUHWKHUHODWLRQEHWZHHQERWKZDV RESULTS: 0HDQVHUXPK\GUR[\YLWDPLQ'FRQFHQWUDWLRQV
analyzed. ZHUH  QPRO/ QJP/  7KH YDOXH RI  2+ '
METHOD: &%/ PLFH ZHUH UDQGRPO\ DVVLJQHG WR ¿YH ORZHUWKDQQPRO/ QJP/ ZHUHIRXQGLQ Q  
groups (n=10). The control group consumed an ordinary RI &KLQHVH FKLOGUHQ  RI SDUWLFLSDQWV KDG YLWDPLQ '
GLHW &D ZZ  DQG RWKHU IRXU H[SHULPHQWDO JURXSV ZHUH LQVXI¿FLHQF\ QPRO/QJP/ DQGZHUHGH¿FLHQW
IHGZLWKDQ+)' IDW&DZZ DQ+)'SOXV QPRO/QJP/ 
OLSRLG DFLG /$  DQ +)' ZLWK FDOFLXP VXSSOHPHQW &D CONCLUSION: The high prevalence of vitamin D
ZZ  DQG DQ +)' ZLWK FDOFLXP VXSSOHPHQW DQG DGGLWLRQDO LQVXI¿FLHQF\LQ&KLQD
/$&DOFLXPDSSDUHQWDEVRUSWLRQZDVDVVHVVHGE\PLQHUDO
EDODQFHVWXGLHVLQYLYRODVWZHHNEHIRUHDOOPLFHIHGIRUZHHN
ZHUH VDFUL¿FHG 7R HYDOXDWH PLFH¶V DQWLR[LGDQW VWDWXV 6HUXP P94-11
DQGGXRGHQXPOHYHOVRI52662'&$70'$*6+*66* EFFECT OF VITAMINS A, E, C AND OMEGA-3
and T-AOC were measured. In additional, body bone mass FATTY ACIDS SUPPLEMENTATION DISTINCTLY
GHQVLW\ %0' RIPLFHZDVGHWHFWHGE\'(;$ ON THE LEVEL OF CATALASE AND SUPEROXIDE
RESULTS: 7KH +)' LQGXFHG R[LGDWLYH VWUHVV RI PLFH¶V DISMUTASE ACTIVITY IN STREPTOZOTOCIN
duodenum and decrease in intestine calcium absorption and INDUCED DIABETIC RATS: INVESTIGATION OF
ERG\%0'7KHFDOFXODWHGFRHI¿FLHQWVGHPRQVWUDWHGSRVLWLYH HEART, LIVER AND ERYTHROCYTE
FRUUHODWLRQV RI FDOFLXP DSSDUHQW DEVRUSWLRQ ZLWK *6+*66* Djalali, Mahmoud
U S DQG7$2&LQGXRGHQXPRIPLFH U  University of Medical Sciences of Tehran, Tehran, IRN
S  $ QHJDWLYH FRUUHODWLRQ EHWZHHQ FDOFLXP DSSDUHQW
DEVRUSWLRQDQG526 U S GXRGHQXPRIPLFHZDV OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to assess the
found. HIIHFW RI VXSSOHPHQWDWLRQ ZLWK YLWDPLQV$ ( DQG & DQG Ȧ
CONCLUSION:2[LGDWLYHVWUHVVRIPLFH¶VGXRGHQXPLQGXFHG IDWW\ DFLGV RQ &DWDODVH DQG 6XSHUR[LGH GLVPXWDVH DFWLYLW\ LQ
by HFD can lead to reduce calcium apparent absorption. streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rats.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: PDOH:LVWDUUDWVZHLJKLQJ
JZHUHGLYLGHGLQWRIRXUJURXSVDVQRUPDOFRQWUROGLDEHWLF
P94-09 control, diabetic with vitamin A, E and C supplementation
PROTECTIVE EFFECTS OF VITAMIN E ANALOGS DQG GLDEHWLF ZLWK Ȧ IDWW\ DFLGV VXSSOHPHQWDWLRQ$IWHU IRXU
AGAINST CARBON TETRACHLORIDE INDUCED ZHHNVWKHUDWVZHUHDQHVWKHWL]HGDQG&DWDODVHDQG6XSHUR[LGH
FATTY LIVER IN RATS dismutase activity was investigated in blood samples, liver and
Yachi, Rieko heart homogenate.
Kanagawa Institute of Technology, Atsugi-shi, Kanagawa RESULTS: In diabetic rats heart SOD (P<0.001) and heart and
Pref., JPN OLYHU&$7 3 DFWLYLW\ZDVVLJQL¿FDQWO\OHVVWKDQQRUPDO
FRQWUROUDWV9LWDPLQ$(DQG&VXSSOHPHQWDWLRQVLJQL¿FDQWO\
OBJECTIVES: ,W LV UHSRUWHG WKDW Į WRFRSKHURO LV HIIHFWLYH LQFUHDVHG KHDUW &$7 3   1R VLJQL¿FDQW FKDQJH ZDV
for the improvement of the liver damage, recently. However, it REVHUYHGLQGLDEHWLFUDWVZLWKȦIDWW\DFLGVVXSSOHPHQWDWLRQ
is unknown whether the other vitamin E analogs are effective. CONCLUSION: Supplementation of Vitamin A, E and C
,Q WKLVVWXG\ ZH LQYHVWLJDWHGWKHHIIHFWVRI Ȗ WRFRSKHURODQG DQG Ȧ IDWW\ DFLGV ZDV IRXQG WR LQFUHDVH KHDUW &$7 DFWLYLW\
tocotrienols against rat fatty liver. in diabetic rats and they can be valuable candidates in the
MATERIALS AND METHOD: 9LWDPLQ(GH¿FLHQWUDWV IHG treatment of the complications of diabetes
a diet for 4wk) were divided into eight groups(Control, CCl4,
Į7RFĮ7RF&&OȖ7RFȖ7RF&&O7RF7RF&&O 
After all rats fasted for 24h, rats were administered 20mg of
HDFKYLWDPLQ(DQDORJV$IWHUKFDUERQWHWUDFKORULGH P/
kg B.W) was orally administered to rats. All rats were killed
DWKDIWHURUDODGPLQLVWUDWLRQ:HPHDVXUHGDFWLYLWLHVRI$67
460
P94-12   UHVSHFWLYHO\ FRPSDUHG ZLWK    3
MICRONUTRIENT DEFICIENCIES AND THEIR by one-way ANOVA, followed by Bonferroni’s Multiple
ASSOCIATION WITH DIETARY FACTORS AMONG &RPSDULVRQV 7HVW 0HWK\ODWLRQ OHYHOV H[SUHVVHG DV D UDWLR RI
PREGNANT AND LACTATING WOMEN OF DESERT +SD,,0VS,QRUPDOL]HGWR(&R5,DQGVWDWHGDVPHDQ6(0
AREAS OF WESTERN RAJASTHAN, INDIA n=12 for ZnR and ZnA, n=9 for ZnS. Each analysis was run in
Singh, Madhu B.; Fotedar, R; Lakshminarayana, J duplicate).
Desert Medicine Research Centre, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, IND Results indicate that zinc-restriction and zinc-supplementation
LQ SUHJQDQF\ FDXVH D VLJQL¿FDQW LQFUHDVH LQ JOREDO '1$
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: 0LFURQXWULHQW GH¿FLHQFLHV methylation.
LVEXUQLQJSUREOHPLQGHVHUWZKHUHUXUDOSRSXODWLRQLVH[SRVHG
to high temperature, low rainfall & frequent drought situations
affecting the agriculture, thereby, food intake. Undertook study P94-14
WRDVVHVVWKHGLVWULEXWLRQRIWKUHHPLFURQXWULHQWGH¿FLHQFLHVLH SELW KNOCKDOWN IN VITRO BROKE THE
Iron, Vitamin A and Iodine along with the nature and type of HOEMOSTASIS OF CELLULAR ANTI-OXIDATIVE
QXWULWLRQDOGH¿FLHQFLHVDQGWKHLUDVVRFLDWLRQZLWKGLHWDU\IDFWRUV SYSTEM OF MUSCLE CELL AND RESULTED IN
MATERIALS & METHODS: Using three stage sampling APOPTOSIS
WHFKQLTXHVWXG\FRQGXFWHGLQLQYLOODJHVRI-RGKSXU :DQJ;LDR/RQJ
tehsil (subunit) of Jodhpur district of Rajasthan. A total of Wildlife Resource College, Northeast Forestry University,
ZRPHQZHUHH[DPLQHGDWKRXVHKROGOHYHOIRU0''VYL] Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, CHN
Anemia (Hb estimation), Iodine (UIE and Iodine content in salt)
DQG9LWDPLQ$QXWULWLRQDOGH¿FLHQF\VLJQVDQGGLHWDU\SDWWHUQ
RESULTS & FINDINGS: ,URQGH¿FLHQF\DQHPLDZDVKLJKHU OBJECTIVES: Comparing the changes of the hemostasis of
DPRQJSUHJQDQWDQGODFWDWLQJZRPHQ  WKDQFRQWURO DQWLR[LGDWLYHV\VWHPLQVNHOHWDOPXVFOHFHOODWWKHFRQGLWLRQVRI
JURXS    6HYHUH DQHPLD REVHUYHG  IROG KLJKHU LQ 6HO:H[LVWLQJRUQRWLVUDUHDQGFULWLFDOWRMXGJHWKHLPSRUWDQFH
SUHJQDQWDQGODFWDWLQJZRPHQ WR LQFRPSDULVRQ RI 6HO: WR WKH V\VWHP DQG EHQH¿WV WR UHÀHFW 6HO: IXQFWLRQ
to control group. Abortions, still births and premature births from the aspect of integrated reaction of muscle cell.
observed to be higher in anemic pregnant and lactating women METHODS: RNAi for SelW depletion was performed
LQ FRPSDULVRQ WR QRUPDO ZRPHQ9LWDPLQ$ GH¿FLHQF\ EDVHG by introducing synthesized siRNA into C2C12 cell line.
RQ 1LJKW EOLQGQHVV REVHUYHG KLJKHU LQ SUHJQDQW ZRPHQ  Transfectant screening was done by real time PCR, western
 WKDQFRQWUROV  2YHUDOOKLJKSURSRUWLRQRIZRPHQ EORW )ORZ F\WRPHWU\ ÀXRUHVFHQW VWDLQLQJ '1$ IUDJPHQW
  FRQVXPHG VDOW KDYLQJ LQDGHTXDWH LRGLQH FRQWHQW LH detection, cell viability and GSH assay routinely. The activities
OHVVWKHQSSP7KHPHGLDQXULQDU\LRGLQHYDOXHVZHUHOHVV RI *3[ 62' &$7 DQG7$2& ZHUH DVVD\HG WR HYDOXDWH WKH
LQODFWDWLQJZRPHQ PFJO WKDQWKH:+2FXWRIISRLQWV  FKDQJHVRIDQWLR[LGDWLYHV\VWHP
PFJO &RQVXPSWLRQRISXOVHVDQGOHJXPHVZDVORZLHWR RESULTS:  DQG  GRZQUHJXODWLRQ RI 6HO: DQG
RI5HFRPPHQGHG'LHWDU\$OORZDQFHV 5'$ DORQJZLWK LWVP51$VHULRXVF\WRWR[LW\DQGDSRSWRVLVUDWH
low consumption of leafy vegetables in pregnant and lactating GHPRQVWUDWHG WKDW 51$L ZDV VXFFHVV 7KH DFWLYLWLHV RI *3[
women. Analysis of the Average intake of nutrients (per day 62' &$7 DQG WKH DPRXQW RI *6+ UDLVHG DQ H[WUD 
LQGLHW VKRZHGGH¿FLHQF\RISURWHLQDQGFDORULHVLQSUHJQDQW    DQG   VHSDUDWHO\ S    EXW WKH
DQG ODFWDWLQJ ZRPHQ DORQJ ZLWK GH¿FLHQF\ RI ,URQ DQG )ROLF DFWLYLW\RI7$2&URVHVOLJKWO\ S! 
$FLGDQG9LWDPLQ$GH¿FLHQF\$QHPLDDQG,''GHFOLQHGDV CONCLUSION: This illustrated that the homeostasis of anti-
education and income raised. R[LGDWLYH V\VWHP KDG EHHQ EURNHQ VHULRXVO\ EHFDXVH RI 6HO:
CONCLUSION: The anemia was found higher in comparison depletion and SelW responsible for homeostasis sustaining
to national level studies, whereas, consumption of normal RI DQWLR[LGDWLYH V\VWHP 7$2& GURSSLQJ VOLJKWO\ FDQ EH
LRGL]HG VDOW ZDV ORZ ,W PD\ EH GXH WR GH¿FLW RI FDORULHV H[SODLQHG DV FRPSHQVDWLRQ RI XSSHU HQ]\PHV EXW DSRSWRVLV
proteins, iron, folic acid and vitamin A in their diet as well could not be prevented by compensation strongly illustrated the
as illiteracy and income. The study suggests the development specialty and un-substitutability of SelW.
of nutritional packages utilizing local dietary aspects for
introducing adequate bioavailability of iron, vitamin A, etc. in
their usual diet besides iodization of salt. P95: Bioactive Ingredients in Foods III

P94-13 P95-01
EFFECTS OF DIETARY ZINC SUPPLY DURING GAMMA-ORYZANOL AND ITS
PREGNANCY ON GLOBAL DNA METHYLATION HYPOCHOLESTEROLEMIC ACTIVITY - IN VITRO
Davison, Gemma; Mathers, John C.; Ford, Dianne; Valentine, STUDY
Ruth A. Chanda, Kittana1; Failla, Mark L.2; Adisakwattana, Sirichai;
Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, GBR Ariyapitipun, Tipayanate
1
Doctor of Philosophy Program in Biomedical Sciences,
There is evidence that maternal nutrition during pregnancy Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, THA; 2The Ohio State
can affect offspring DNA-methylation patterns, leading to University, Columbus, OH, USA; Faculty of Allied Health
phenotypic consequences in adulthood. We hypothesized Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, THA
that zinc-restriction during pregnancy alters global DNA-
methylation patterns in offspring by reducing the ability of zinc- *DPPDRU\]DQRO Ȗ25 LVDXQLTXHSK\WRVWHUROVLQULFHEUDQDQG
dependent methyltransferase enzymes to methylate DNA. LWVRLO,WLVDPL[WXUHRIGLVWLQFWWULWHUSHQHGHULYHGFRPSRXQGV
3UHJQDQWPLFHZHUHIHG]LQFUHVWULFWHG —JJ ]LQFDGHTXDWH WKDWDUHHVWHUL¿HGWRIHUXOLFDFLG+\SRFKROHVWHUROHPLFDFWLYLW\
—JJ RU]LQFVXSSOHPHQWHG —JJ GLHWVIRUWKH¿UVW RIULFHEUDQRLODQGȖ25LQDQLPDODQGKXPDQVWXGLHVKDVEHHQ
GD\VRISUHJQDQF\0LFHZHUHNLOOHGDQG'1$H[WUDFWHGIURP reported. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the proposed
fetal livers. Global DNA methylation was measured by LUMA PHFKDQLVPRIȖ25RQK\SRFKROHVWHUROHPLFDFWLYLW\7KHHIIHFW
analysis using a Pyrosequencer. RIȖ25RQWKHFKROHVWHUROPLFHOODUL]DWLRQFKROHVWHUROXSWDNH
by Caco-2 intestinal cell, and HMG-CoA reductase activity
6LJQL¿FDQWO\ KLJKHU OHYHOV RI PHWK\ODWLRQ ZHUH PHDVXUHG LQ ZHUH GHWHUPLQHG 7KH UHVXOWV VKRZHG WKDW Ȗ25 LQFRUSRUDWHG
mice fed both the zinc-restricted and zinc-supplemented diets HI¿FLHQWO\LQWRPLFHOOHVGXULQJVLPXODWHGGLJHVWLRQRIULFHPHDO
FRPSDUHG ZLWK PLFH IHG ]LQFDGHTXDWH GLHWV   DQG PL[HGZLWKKLJKȖ25RLO+RZHYHUDQGIROGPRODUUDWLR
461
RIȖ25WRFKROHVWHUROGLGQRWLQKLELWWKHHI¿FLHQF\RIFKROHVWHURO NBL metabolism and 4’-OH-TNG in TNG metabolism. These
micellarization during simulated digestion. High concentration results suggest that NBL is absorbed more effectively than TNG
RIȖ25 DQG—0 GLGQRWVLJQL¿FDQWO\GHFUHDVHWKH in rats, and also that in common to NBL and TNG, 4’-OH-
HI¿FLHQF\RIPLFHOODUL]DWLRQRIFKROHVWHURO DQG metabolites are major in rat urine and feces.
—0 LQV\QWKHVLVPLFHOOHV1HYHUWKHOHVVȖ25DWIROG
PRODU UDWLR WR FKROHVWHURO VLJQL¿FDQWO\ GHFUHDVHG FKROHVWHURO
XSWDNHE\&DFRFHOO,QDGGLWLRQȖ25VKRZHGWKHLQKLELWRU\ P95-04
effect on the HMG-CoA reductase activity as Simvastatin. These DIFFERENCES IN COMPOSITION OF NUTRIENTS IN
¿QGLQJVVXJJHVWWKDWWKHK\SRFKROHVWHUROHPLFDFWLYLW\RIȖ25 UNRIPE AND RIPE CARICA PAPAYA
is supposed to due to the inhibition of cholesterol biosynthesis, Rahman, Mohammad T.; Ishak, Ishahir; Suhaimi, Shazlan N.
instead of the inhibition of cholesterol micellarization. International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan, Pahang,
MYS

P95-02 Papaya (Carica papaya) is one of the popular fruits in the


THE STUDY OF ANTIOXIDANT FUNCTION FROM tropical and subtropical countries in the world. Several countries
LOQUAT LEAF TEA such as Brazil, Nigeria, Congo, Indonesia, Malaysia and India
Takayuki Nakano 1'H;LQJHou2, Humio Hashimoto, are among the major producers of papaya. The nutritional
Yusuke Sakata, Hiroyoshi Tamaki4 importance of papaya is due to its balanced sugar, protein
and Makoto Fujii2 and total fat content. Other biologically active compounds
1
Department of Health and Nutrition, Kagoshima Immaculate LQFOXGHÀDYDQRLGVDONDORLGVWKDWFRQWULEXWHWRWKHÀDYRUFRORU
Heart University; 2Department of Biochemical Science ,GHQWL¿FDWLRQRIELRFKHPLFDOFRPSRVLWLRQRISDSD\DPD\YDU\
and Technology, Kagoshima University; Department of GHSHQGLQJRQWKHPHWKRGRIH[WUDFWLRQDQGVROYHQWVXVHG:H
Horticultural science, Kagoshima University; 4Totsukawa have analyzed here the difference in protein, carbohydrate, fat,
Farm DONDORLG DQG ÀDYDQRLG FRQWHQWV RI ULSH DQG XQULSH & SDSD\D
SXOSXVLQJDFHWRQHDQGSKRVSKDWHEXIIHUHGVDOLQHDVH[WUDFWLRQ
/RTXDWOHDIWHDPDGHRIWKH7RWVXNDZDIDUPZDVH[WUDFWHGZLWK solvents. Protein content, analyzed both by the Bradford method
D KRW ZDWHU DQG WKH H[WUDFW ZDV IUHH]HGULHG 7KH GU\ PDWWHU and SDS-PAGE, was found to be higher in ripe papaya pulp than
ZDV GLYLGHG LQWR IRXU IUDFWLRQV &RPSDUHG ZLWK WKH H[WUDFW WKDWLQXQULSHRQHV&DUERK\GUDWHÀDYDQRLGVWHURLGDQGOLSLG
WKH UDGLFDO VFDYHQJLQJ FDSDFLW\ RI WKH H[WUDFWHG IUDFWLRQ LQ contents as well well were generally higher in ripe papaya than
ZDWHUPHWKDQRODQGDFHWRQHZDV in unripe ones. Different methods such as acid sulfuric method
DQGUHVSHFWLYHO\DWȝJPOPHWKDQROH[WUDFW for the detection of carbohydrate and thin layer chromatography
H[HUWHG PDUNHG LQKLELWLRQ RI JURZWK RI +/ ZLWK LQGXFWLRQ for the detection of other components were performed for the
of apoptotic cell bodies and nucleosomal DNA fragmentation. analyses.

6XSSOHPHQWDWLRQZLWKWKHH[WUDFWUHVXOWHGLQUHGXFLQJWKHSODVPD
total cholesterol and triglyceride. Male KK-Ay mice were fed on P95-05
GLHWVZLWKRUZLWKRXWWKHH[WUDFWDQGZHUHPRQLWRUHGDZHHNO\ YELLOW PULP OF Parkia biglobosa AS A SOURCE OF
EORRG JOXFRVH OHYHOV $W WKH HQG RI WKH H[SHULPHQW SHULRG MINERALS, MICRONUTRIENTS, PHENOLIC AND
the OGTT was carried out, and a reduction in blood glucose ANTIOXIDANT COMPOUNDS
FRQFHQWUDWLRQ IURP  WR  PLQXWHV DIWHU WKH DGPLQLVWUDWLRQ RAKETA, COMPAORE W.1; Philippe, Nikiema A.1; Alain,
of glucose and the lowering the area under the curve during the Ategbo E.2; Joseph, Hounhouigan D.; Philippe, THONART4;
PLQXWHVZHUHREVHUYHG0RUHRYHUDVLJQL¿FDQWUHGXFWLRQ Alfred, TRAORE S.1
in the rate of the plasma Hb-A1c was observed. In chronic 1
8QLYHUVLW\RI2XDJDGRXJRX8)5697&56%$1
DGPLQLVWUDWLRQRIWKHH[WUDFWWKHV\VWROLFEORRGSUHVVXUHRI6+5 2XDJDGRXJRXNDGLRJR%)$281,&()8JDQGD.DPSDOD
ZDVVLJQL¿FDQWO\GHFUHDVHGDJDLQVWWKHFRQWURO Uganda, UGA; University of Abomey-Calavi, Faculty of
These results indicate that the loquat leaf tea may be useful in $JURQRPLFV6FLHQFHV&RWRQRXEHQLQ%(14University of
prevention and improvement of diseases such as hyperlipidemia, /LHJH&HQWUH:DOORQGH%LRORJLH,QGXVWULHOOH/LHJH%HOJLXP
hyperglycemia and hypertension. BEL

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Yellow pulp of Parkia


P95-03 biglobosa is frequently used in Burkina Faso. The health-related
IN VIVO METABOLISM OF NOBILETIN AND properties of this pulp claimed by folklore use could be partially
TANGERETIN IN RATS attributed to the presence of bioactive compounds. However,
Ohta, Chiho variability in nutrient and bioactive compounds has not been
Nakamura Gakuen University, Fukuoka, JPN reported.
The objective of this study was to give published information
1RELOHWLQ 1%/ DQGWDQJHUHWLQ 71* DUHIDPRXVSRO\PHWKR[\ about use, role, nutritional, microbiological and functional
ÀDYRQRLGVZKLFKDUHIRXQGDEXQGDQWO\LQWKHSHHORIFLWUXVIUXLWV properties of this pulp.
such as Citrus depressa Hayata and possesses anti-carcinogenic MATERIALS AND METHODS: A study conduced during
DQGDQWLLQÀDPPDWRULFDFWLYLW\2XUSUHYLRXVVWXG\VKRZHGWKDW PRQWKVDORQJDUHDVKDVSHUPLWWRXQGHUVWDQGWUDGLWLRQDO
1%/ ZDV GHPHWK\ODWHG WR IRUP  PRQRK\GUR[\ 2+  DQG  culinary and therapeutic uses of this pulp. So, 20 samples for
GLK\GUR[\ GL2+ PHWDEROLWHVE\DQLPDOOLYHUPLFURVRPHVDQG each area have been taken for analysis.
71*ZDVPHWDEROL]HGWR2+DQGDGL2+PHWDEROLWHV+HUH RESULTS: &DUERK\GUDWHV FRQWHQW LV DERXW  “
we analyzed the metabolites in the urine and feces of male rats 0.94. Sodium, potassium and Calcium contents in ppm
WUHDWHGRUDOO\ZLWK1%/DQG71*HDFKDWDGRVHRIPJNJ ZHUH UHVSHFWLYHO\  “   “  DQG  “ 
Rat urine and feces were collected during 2days after treatment. 6LJQL¿FDQWGLIIHUHQFHZDVQRWIRXQGEHWZHHQVLPSOHVRIDUHDV
7KHPHWDEROLWHVH[WUDFWHGZLWKHWK\ODFHWDWHZHUHDQDO\]HGE\ when using Ducan test.
HPLC. In the urine of rats treated with NBL or TNG, 4’-OH- The main phenolic compound revealed by HPLC were total
NBL and 4’-OH-TNG were major metabolites and comprised SKHQROV  “   ÀDYRQRLGV  “   DQG
DERXW  DQG  RI WRWDO PHWDEROLWHV UHVSHFWLYHO\ ,Q UDW SURDQWKRF\DQRVLGHV “ ZKLOHDQWLR[LGDQWFDSDFLW\
IHFHV DERXW  RI XQFKDQJHG 71* JLYHQ ZDV GHWHFWHG ZDVSRVLWLYHZLWKȕFDURWHQHWHVWDQG'33+9LWDPLQ$DQG&
ZKHUHDV OHVV WKDQ  RI XQFKDQJHG 1%/ JLYHQ ZDV IRXQG DUHWKHQDWXUDODQWLR[LGDQWSUHVHQWLQWRSXOS
0DMRU IHFDOPHWDEROLWHVZHUH ¶2+ DQG ¶¶GL2+1%/LQ The results leading us to suspect that this pulp could be an
462
alternative source of multiples vitamin besides other bioactive P95-07
compounds. INTERACTION OF MILK PROTEIN AND FRUIT
CONCLUSION: This pulp creates a possibility of a staple food EXTRACTS IN A LIPOSOMAL SYSTEM
IRUWL¿FDWLRQ RU IRUWL¿FDWLRQ RI ZHDQLQJ DQG FRPSOHPHQWDU\ Singh, Rachna1; Zhang, Jingli1; Melton, Laurence2; Skinner,
foods and diets of children living in nutrition rehabilitation Margot1
units. 1
Plant and Food Research, Auckland, NZL; 2University of
Auckland, Auckland, NZL

P95-06 )RRG V\QHUJ\ KDV EHHQ GH¿QHG DV DGGLWLYH RU PRUH WKDQ
EFFECTS OF THE ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF THE additive effects of food constituents on human health and is
FERMENTATION PRODUCT OF AGARICUS BLAZEI becoming the basis for modern nutritional science. Food and
ON HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA (HEP 3B IRRGFRQVXPSWLRQSDWWHUQVFDQDFWV\QHUJLVWLFDOO\WRLQÀXHQFH
CELLS)-IMPLANTED IN NUDE MICE the risk of several chronic diseases and is not surprising given
Sheen, Lee-Yan1; Chen, Chih-Yu1; Chen, Yu-Kuo1; Guo, In- WKHLU FRPSOH[LW\ 7KLV UHVHDUFK DLPV WR GHYHORS DGGHGYDOXH
Cherng1; Chou, Cheng-Chun1; consumer foods that have functional properties derived from
Chih-Yu, Chen, Yu-Kuo, Chen, In-Cherng, Guo2, Cheng- combining fruit phytochemicals (polyphenols), known for
Chun Chou, Lee-Yan, Sheen WKHLU DQWLR[LGDQW HIIHFWV DQG KHDOWK EHQH¿WV DVVRFLDWHG ZLWK
1
National Taiwan University, Taipei, TWN; 2 Department of cardiovascular disease and cancer, with dairy.
Veterinary Medicine, National Taiwan University;  Graduate 7KH DQWLR[LGDQW DFWLYLW\ RI D IUXLW H[WUDFWPLON FRPSOH[ PD\
Institute of Food Science and Technology, National Taiwan LQYROYHSRO\SKHQROSURWHLQLQWHUDFWLRQVWKDWLQFUHDVHWKHEDVDO
Universit, TWN DQWLR[LGDQWDFWLYLW\RIWKHIUXLWH[WUDFW7RVWXG\VXFKHIIHFWV
WKH DELOLW\ WR LQKLELW OLSLG SHUR[LGDWLRQ E\ IUXLW H[WUDFW PLON
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Agaricus blazei Murill SURWHLQFRPSOH[HVZDVGHWHUPLQHG/HFLWKLQZDVXVHGWRPDNH
has been reported to against a variety of diseases, including OLSRVRPHV ZLWK LQFRUSRUDWHG OLSRSKLOLF ÀXRUHVFHQW SUREH
diabetes, hyperlipidemia, atherosclerosis and chronic hepatitis. &%2',3<  WR PRQLWRU OLSLG SHUR[LGDWLRQ 0LONSURWHLQ
+RZHYHUWKHIUXLWLQJERG\RI$EOD]HLLVUHODWLYHO\H[SHQVLYH FRQFHQWUDWH DQG IUXLW H[WUDFWV ZHUH HLWKHU LQWURGXFHG DV WKH
due to its low yield, and a cheap and stable source of A. blazei OLSRVRPHVZHUHIDEULFDWHGRUPL[HGZLWKSUHIRUPHGOLSRVRPHV
fermentation product is desirable for promotion in commercial Preliminary results show that in a liposomal system, fruit
products. In Taiwan, the incidence of liver diseases is high, such H[WUDFWVULFKLQSRO\SKHQROVDQGPLONSURWHLQFRQFHQWUDWHDFW
as chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and hepatoma which are the LQDV\QHUJLVWLFZD\WRLQKLELWOLSLGSHUR[LGDWLRQGHPRQVWUDWLQJ
OHDGLQJFDXVHVRIGHDWKLQ7KHHIIHFWRIWKHIHUPHQWDWLRQ a potential food synergy effect that could be utilized in a
product of A. blazei cultured in the medium containing soybean functional food.
and black soybean on liver tumor of rat was investigated in this
study.
MATERIALS & METHODS: 7KH ZHHNROG %$/% P95-09
F$Q17DF)R[QQXQXQXGHPLFHZHUHSXUFKDVHGIURP1DWLRQDO DIETARY APPLE POLYPHENOL IMPROVES
/DERUDWRU\$QLPDO&HQWHU7DLSHL7DLZDQDQGKRXVHGXSWR SURVIVAL OF HEART/MUSCLE-SPECIFIC
JURXSV 7KH H[SHULPHQWDO JURXSV ZHUH 3& SRVLWLYH FRQWURO MANGANESE-SUPEROXIDE DISMUTASE-
)8  1& QHJDWLYH FRQWURO WZHHQ   DQG WKUHH RI VDPSOH DEFICIENT MICE
groups, low, medium as well as high doses of the ethanolic Sunagawa, Tadahiro1; Shimizu, Takahiko2; Kanda, Tomomasa1;
H[WUDFW RI WKH IHUPHQWDWLRQ SURGXFW RI$ EOD]HL $%( $IWHU Tagashira, Motoyuki1; Shirasawa, Takuji
giving them the oral administration of ABE for another 2 weeks, 1
Asahi Breweries, Ltd., Ibaraki, JPN; 2Tokyo Metro. Inst.
ZHLQGXFHGWKHWXPRURQULJKWGRUVDOVLGHRIWKHVH¿YHJURXSV Gerontol., Tokyo, JPN; Grad. Sch. Med., Juntendo Univ.,
E\ LQMHFWLQJ +HS % FHOOV VXVSHQGHG LQ VHUXPIUHH PHGLXP Tokyo, JPN
$ERXW  ZHHNV ODWHU ZH VWDUWHG WR PHDVXUH WKH WXPRU VL]H
7XPRU9ROXPH FP  / FP î: FP î DQGREVHUYH RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Apple polyphenol (AP)
their survival status. The tumor size was analyzed by ANOVA containing procyanidins as major components, has been
and Duncan’s new multiple range test compared with NC. The UHSRUWHGWRVFDYHQJHUDGLFDOVLQYLWURUHVWUDLQOLSLGSHUR[LGDWLRQ
survival rate was used Kaplan-Meier method by log rank test DQGDFWLYDWHDQWLR[LGDQWHQ]\PHVRIUDWVIHGKLJKIDWGLHW:H
FRPSDUHGZLWK1& S  LQYHVWLJDWHG ZKHWKHU$3 LV EHQH¿FLDO RQ DJHLQJ RI RUJDQLVPV
RESULTS & FINDINGS: In vitro assay, we found that ABE XVLQJ KHDUWPXVFOHVSHFL¿F PDQJDQHVHVXSHUR[LGH GLVPXWDVH
FDQLQKLELW+HS%FHOOVZLWK,&ȝJPO,QYLYRDVVD\ZLWK GH¿FLHQW +06RG PLFH
preventive goal, the nude mice received oral administration of MATERIALS & METHODS: :H JHQHUDWHG +06RG
ABE for two weeks prior to tumor-inducing. In terms of results mice as a model of dilated cardiomyopathy associated with
in vivo, ABE has a potential to reduce the tumor volume as ¿EURVLV DQG LQFUHDVHG R[LGDWLYH '1$ GDPDJH 0HDQ OLIHVSDQ
FRPSDUHGZLWKQHJDWLYHFRQWURODQGWKHLQKLELWLRQUDWHLV RI WKH PLFH GHFUHDVHG WR DERXW  PRQWKV 'ULQNLQJ ZDWHU
RQGD\DIWHUWXPRULQGXFLQJ0RUHRYHU$%(DOVRSURORQJV FRQWDLQLQJ$3ZDVDGPLQLVWUDWHGRUDOO\LQWKHPLFHIURP
the survival time of tumor-bearing mice and the survival rate ELUWKWRGHDWK:HPHDVXUHGWKHFDUGLDF¿EURWLFDUHDDQGWKH
LV OHYHORIR[R¶GHR[\JXDQRVLQHLQQXFOHDU'1$RIWKHPLFH
CONCLUSION: ABE has a potential to reduce the tumor DVDPDUNHURIR[LGDWLYH'1$GDPDJH
volume and may be possible to be a candidate for increasing the RESULTS & FINDINGS: Dietary AP suppressed the
life span of patients who suffer liver cancer. SURJUHVVLRQ RI FDUGLDF GLODWDWLRQ IROG 3    DQG
FDUGLDF¿EURVLV IROG3 LQWKH+06RGPLFH
'LHWDU\$3DOVRGLPLQLVKHGR[LGDWLYH'1$GDPDJH IROG
3 )LQDOO\GLHWDU\$3LQFUHDVHGVXUYLYDORIWKHPLFH 3
 DQGH[WHQGHGWKHPHDQOLIHVSDQE\LQPDOHDQG
LQIHPDOH
CONCLUSION: These results show that dietary AP prevented
DJHLQJRIVKRUWOLYHGPLFHH[SRVHGWRH[FHVVR[LGDWLYHVWUHVV

463
P95-10 P95-12
EFFECT OF JAPANESE DIET, CATECHIN, HIGH ANTIOXIDANT AND
CARBOHYDRATE AND DIETARY FIBER, ON ANTIACETYLCHOLINESTERASE ACTIVITIES OF
BIOAVAILABILITY OF SOYBEAN ISOFLAVONE IN CHARD
OVRIECTOMIZED MICE <DQDUGDJ5H¿\HSacan, Ozlem
Tousen, Yuko1; Ezaki, Junko1; Abe, Fumiko1; Uehara, Mariko2; Istanbul University, Istanbul, TUR
Ishimi, Yoshiko1
1
National Institute of Health and Nutrition, Tokyo, JPN; Plants have been used for years as a source of traditional
2
Tokyo University of Agriculture, Tokyo, JPN medicine to treat various diseases and conditions. Many
RI WKHVH PHGLFLQDO SODQWV DUH DOVR H[FHOOHQW VRXUFHV IRU
OBJECTIVE: 'DLG]HLQ D PDMRU LVRÀDYRQH IRXQG LQ SKRWRFKHPLFDOV PDQ\ RI ZKLFK FRQWDLQ SRWHQW DQWLR[LGDQW
VR\EHDQ LV PHWDEROL]HG WR HTXRO E\ JXW PLFURÀRUD DQG WKH and antiacetylcholinesterase activities. Chard (Beta vulgaris
PHWDEROLWHH[KLELWVDVWURQJHUHVWURJHQLFDFWLYLW\WKDQGDLG]HLQ L. var. cicla) is widely spread plant in Turkey and used as an
In epidemiological studies suggested that green tea, high antidiabetic in traditional medicine.
FDUERK\GUDWH +&  GLHW DQG GLHWDU\ ¿EHU PD\ VWLPXODWH HTXRO ,QWKHSUHVHQWVWXG\ZHH[DPLQHGWKHDQWLR[LGDQWDFWLYLW\DQG
SURGXFWLRQ,QWKLVVWXG\ZHH[DPLQHGWKHHIIHFWVRIFDWHFKLQ acetylcholinesterase inhibitor capacity of chard. In addition,
HC diet and resistant starch (RS), which are the characteristic SUROLQHOHYHORIFKDUGZDVGHWHUPLQHG7KHDQWLR[LGDQWDFWLYLW\RI
of the Japanese dietary components, on equol production ZDWHUH[WUDFWRIFKDUGZDVHYDOXDWHGXVLQJGLIIHUHQWDQWLR[LGDQW
DQG RQ WKH HIIHFWV RI VR\ LVRÀDYRQHV RQ ERQH PHWDEROLVP LQ tests1. Antiacetylcholinesterase activity was determined, using
RYULHFWRPL]HG 29; IHPDOHPLFH an adaption of the method described by Ingkaninan et al2.
METHODS: 6RPH29;PLFHUHFHLYHGGLHWFRQWDLQLQJ 3UROLQHFRQWHQWRIZDWHUH[WUDFWZDVSHUIRUPHGDFFRUGLQJWR
GDLG]HLQRULVRÀDYRQHVWKDWFRPELQHGZLWKFDWHFKLQ %DWHV
+& GLHW RU  56 IRU  RU  ZHHNV7KH OHYHOV RI HTXRO LQ The results indicate that chard is a potential source of natural
plasma and urine, and bone mineral density (BMD) of femur DQWLR[LGDQWDQGDQWLDFHW\OFKROLQHVWHUDVHDQGSUROLQH
were assessed. References
RESULTS: Catechin reduced plasma equol revels and inhibited 1.Ozsoy, N., Can, A.,Yanardag, R., Akev, N., Food Chemistry,
the effect of daidzein on bone loss. HC diet did not affect   
equol production and BMD of the femur. RS stimulated equol 2.Ingkaninan, K., Temkitthawon, P., Chuenchon, K., Yuyaem,
production, thereby it advanced the inhibition of bone loss by T., Thongnoi, W., Journal
daidzein. (WKQRSKDUPDFRORJ\  
CONCLUSION: These results suggest that RS, but not HC %DWHV6/3ODQWDQG6RLO  
DQG FDWHFKLQ LQFUHDVHV WKH ELRDYDLODELOLW\ RI LVRÀDYRQHV LQ
SUHYHQWLRQRIRVWHRSHQLDLQ29;PLFH
P95-13
THE EFFECTS OF QUERCETIN METABOLITES ON
P95-11 CYTOTOXICITY INDUCED BY BENZO[A]PYRENE
INDUCTION OF PI CLASS OF GLUTATHIONE ALONE OR COMBINED WITH BETA-CAROTENE IN
S-TRANSFERASE BY DIETARY SULFUR A549 CELLS
COMPOUNDS Yeh, Shu-Lan
Tsai, Chia-Wen; Chia-Wen Tsai 1, Yi-Ping Cheng2, Chong- Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung City, TWN
Kuei Lii 1
1
Institute of Nutrition, China Medical University; 2Department
of Nutrition, Chung Shan Medical University; China Medical 4XHUFHWLQ KDV EHHQ GHPRQVWUDWHG WR LQKLELW '1$ GDPDJH
University, Taichung, TWN LQGXFHG E\ EHQ]R>D@S\UHQH %DS  RU %DS E FDURWHQH
However, the metabolites of quercetin rather than itself are
Sulfur compounds have been studied for the ability to inhibit found in plasma in human. Thus, in the present study, we
H[SHULPHQWDO FDQFHU LQ YDULRXV DQLPDOV PRGHOV SULPDULO\ investigate the individual effects of quercetin metabolites,
WKRXJK PRGL¿FDWLRQ RI FDUFLQRJHQ GHWR[L¿FDWLRQ HQ]\PHV TXHUFHWLQ¶VXOIDWH 4¶6  TXHUFHWLQJOXFXURQLGH 4* 
such as glutathione S-transferase (GST) enzyme. The study and isohamnetin (I) on the DNA damage induced by Bap or
LVWRH[SORUHWKHPRGXODWRU\HIIHFWRIWKUHHVXOIXUFRPSRXQGV %DSEFDURWHQHLQ$FHOOV,QDGGLWLRQZHDOVRLQYHVWLJDWH
LQFOXGLQJ ĮOLSRLF DFLG /$  GLK\GUROLSRLF DFLG '+/$  DQG WKHSURWHFWLYHHIIHFWRITXHUFHWLQHQULFKHGSODVPD 43 
VXOIRUDSKDQH 6)1  RQ WKH JHQH H[SUHVVLRQ RI WKH SL FODVV which was obtained from gerbils with quercetin-feeding (100
of glutathione S-transferase (GSTP) in Clone 9 liver cells. PJNJERG\ZWZHHN DQGFRQWDLQHGWRWDOTXHUFHWLQPHWDEROLWHV
Western and Real-time PCR showed that LA, DHLA and SFN DWDERXWP07KH$FHOOVZHUHSUHLQFXEDWHGZLWKWHVW
LQGXFH*673HQ]\PHDFWLYLW\P51$DQGSURWHLQH[SUHVVLRQ compounds with or without 20 m M b -carotene for 4 h followed
Luciferase activity assay revealed the induction of reporter by incubation with 20 mM of Bap for 24 h. The results showed
DFWLYLW\ ZDV DOPRVW DEROLVKHG ZKHQ WKH  WR  ES WKDW4¶64*,DQG43VLJQL¿FDQWO\GHFUHDVHGWKHFHOOGHDWK
region of the GSTP promoter, which contains GSTP enhancer DQGWKH'1$GDPDJHLQGXFHGE\%DSRU%DSEFDURWHQHLQ
*3( ,LVGHOHWHG'HOHWLRQRI*3(,,ORFDWHGWR $ FHOOV 7KH HIIHFWV RI WKH LQGLYLGXDO PHWDEROLWHV RU 43
bp, however, did not affect the induction of reporter activity. were similar to quercetin itself, suggesting that the metabolites
In other isoenzymes, LA, DHLA and SFN could stimulate the RITXHUFHWLQDOVRSURWHFWHG$FHOOVDJDLQVW%DSDQG%DSE
GSTA and GSTM as well as GSTP. In conclusion, three sulfur -carotene.
compounds: LA, DHLA and SFN can up-regulate the GSTP
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464
P95-14 P95-16
PHENOLIC CONTENT AND ANTIOXIDANT ANTIOXIDANT CAPACITY AND ACE INHIBITORY
ACTIVITIES OF AQUEOUS EXTRACTS OF ACTIVITY OF PROTEIN-FERMENTED FOODS
SELECTED EDIBLE WILD MUSHROOMS Yoshioka, Miwa1; Yoshie-Stark, Yumiko1; Onodera,
Yim, Hip Seng1; Chye, Fook Yee2; Matanjun, Patricia2; How, Munenaka2; Miwa Yoshioka1, Yumiko Yoshie-Stark1,
Siew Eng2; Lee, Mei Yee1; Tan, Chai Tin1; Ho, Chun Wai1 Munenaka Onodera1;
1
UCSI University, UCSI Heights, Kuala Lumpur, MYS; 1
Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, Tokyo,
2
Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, MYS JPN; 2Iwate Fisheries Technology Center, Iwate, JPN

7RWDO SKHQROLF FRQWHQW 73&  DQG DQWLR[LGDQW DFWLYLWLHV In Japan, there is a fermented tofu product called Tofuyo.
$2$  RI DTXHRXV H[WUDFWV DW RSWLPXP H[WUDFWLRQ WLPH DQG In this study, surimi was used as a protein source instead
temperature of selected edible wild mushrooms were evaluated. RI WRIX  7RIX\R LV UHSRUWHG WR KDYH DQWLR[LGDQW DFWLYLWLHV
7KHDQWLR[LGDQWDFWLYLWLHVZHUHVWXGLHGLQIRXUGLIIHUHQWDVVD\V )HUPHQWHG VXULPL RU VXULPL SURGXFWV PD\ H[SUHVV VLPLODU
including DPPH and ABTS free radical scavenging, FRAP and activities following the progress of fermentation. Additionally,
ȕFDURWHQHEOHDFKLQJV\VWHP3OHXURWXVVSVKRZHGVLJQL¿FDQW acceptable sensory value is required as a fermented food. Thus,
KLJKHU S '33+‡VFDYHQJLQJDELOLW\ “ DQG taste of the fermented surimi and surimi products was evaluated
)5$3 “P0)(J': ZKLOVW6FKL]RSK\OOXP E\VHQVRU\DQDO\VLVDQGFKDQJHVRQWKHDQWLR[LGDQWFDSDFLW\RI
FRPPXQH VKRZHG VLJQL¿FDQW KLJKHU $%76‡ VFDYHQJLQJ the fermented foods were investigated.
DELOLW\ DQG ȕFDURWHQH EOHDFKLQJ DFWLYLW\  “  DQG 7KH¿VKSURWHLQVDVVDPSOHVZHUHVWHDPHGVXULPLDQGNDPDERNR
 “  UHVSHFWLYHO\ 7KH$2$ RI ERWK VSHFLHV ZHUH (surimi product). They were fermented by fungal genus
found correlated positively with their TPC. When compared $VSHUJLOOXVXSWRVL[PRQWKV,QDGGLWLRQWRVHQVRU\DQDO\VLV
WREXW\ODWHGK\GUR[\DQLVROH %+$ DQGDVFRUELFDFLG'33+‡ they were analyzed biochemical composition, ACE inhibitory
VFDYHQJLQJ DELOLW\ IRU 3OHXURWXV VS ZDV VLJQL¿FDQWO\ KLJKHU activity, DPPH radical scavenging activity and cupper ion
S  FRPSDUHG WR %+$ DW  —0 DQG DVFRUELF DFLG DW UHGXFLQJSRZHU7KHIHUPHQWHGVXULPLDQGNDPDERNRH[SUHVVHG
 —0 7KH DTXHRXV H[WUDFWV RI HGLEOH ZLOG PXVKURRPV ¿QHWDVWHVLPLODUWRFUHDPFKHHVH'33+UDGLFDODQGFXSSHULRQ
VKRZHGVLJQL¿FDQWKLJKHU S UHGXFLQJSRZHUDVFRPSDUHG ZHUHVLJQL¿FDQWO\LQFUHDVHGE\IHUPHQWDWLRQ$IWHUVL[PRQWKV
WR%+$DQGDVFRUELFDFLG7KHȕFDURWHQHEOHDFKLQJDFWLYLW\IRU IHUPHQWDWLRQVXULPLDQGNDPDERNRVKRZHGVLJQL¿FDQWO\KLJKHU
DVFRUELFDFLGDWP0VKRZHGVLJQL¿FDQWORZHUWKDQWKDWRI DQWLR[LGDQW FDSDFLW\ WKDQ 7RIX\R $V D UHVXOW ¿VK SURWHLQ
edible wild mushrooms and BHA. In conclusion, edible wild fermentation may produce tasty food with bioactive compounds.
PXVKURRPVSRVVHVVDQWLR[LGDQWSURSHUWLHVDQGFDQEHRIIRRG
and nutraceutical industry importance. P95-17
%$5/(<ȕ*/8&$1$1',76&+2/(67(52/
LOWERING CAPACITY: A META-ANALYSIS OF
P95-15 RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS
ANTI-DIABETIC EFFECTS OF PUMPKIN AbuMweis, Suhad1; Jew, Stephanie2; Ames, Nancy2
COMPONENTS IN GOTO-KAKIZAKI RATS 1
Hashemite University, Zarqa, JOR; 2Agriculture & Agri-Food,
Yoshinari, Orie1; Igarashi, Kiharu2 Winnipeg, CAN
1
Iwate University, Toshima-ku, Tokyo, JPN; 2Yamagata
University, Turuoka, Yamagata, JPN OBJECTIVE: To more precisely quantify the effect of barley
beta-glucan on blood cholesterol concentrations in humans and
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: We previously reported WRH[DPLQHIDFWRUVWKDWFRXOGDIIHFWLWVHI¿FDF\
WKDW SXPSNLQ H[WUDFW LPSURYHG WKH FRQGLWLRQ RI GLDEHWHV LQ DESIGN: Eleven eligible randomized clinical trials published
non-obese type 2 diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats. In this IURP  WR  ZHUH LGHQWL¿HG IURP QLQH GDWDEDVHV
study, anti-diabetic compounds were isolated, followed by an Weighted mean effect sizes were calculated for net differences
investigation of their action mechanism. LQOLSLGSUR¿OHXVLQJDUDQGRPHIIHFWPRGHO 5HY0DQ 
MATERIALS & METHODS: Two compounds were isolated RESULTS: 2YHUDOO EDUOH\ RU ȕJOXFDQ LVRODWHG IURP EDUOH\
DQG LGHQWL¿HG DV 7ULJRQHOOLQH 75*  DQG QLFRWLQLF DFLG 1$  ORZHUHG WRWDO DQG /'/ FKROHVWHURO FRQFHQWUDWLRQV E\ 
IURPWKHLU105VSHFWUD7KHUDWVZHUHGLYLGHGLQWRJURXSV PPRO/ &,WR3 DQGPPRO/
FRQWUROJURXS EDVDOGLHW 75*JURXS 75* DQG1$ &,WR3 UHVSHFWLYHO\FRPSDUHG
JURXS 1$ ,QWKHWKZHHNRUDOJOXFRVHWROHUDQFHWHVW with control. The pattern of cholesterol lowering action of
2*77 ZDVSHUIRUPHG2QWKHUGGD\EORRGZDVFROOHFWHG barley in this analysis could not be viewed as a dose-dependent
for lipids analyses and diabetes makers. The TRG-fed rat liver UHVSRQVH 7KHUH ZHUH QR VLJQL¿FDQW VXEJURXS GLIIHUHQFHV E\
was used for DNA microarray analysis. W\SHRILQWHUYHQWLRQDQGIRRGPDWUL[
RESULTS: In OGTT, blood glucose and serum insulin CONCLUSIONS: Increased consumption of barely products
OHYHOV ZHUH VLJQL¿FDQWO\ ORZHU OHYHOV LQ WKH 75* JURXS WKDQ should be considered as a dietary approach to reduce LDL-
the control group. Serum total cholesterol and triglyceride cholesterol concentrations.
levels were lower in the TRG and NA groups. With the DNA
PLFURDUUD\DQDO\VLVJHQHVZHUHXSH[SUHVVHGJHQHV
ZHUH GRZQ *OXFRVHSKRVSKDWDVH DQG F\WRFKURPH 3 P95-18
VXEIDPLO\ &\S ZHUHUHSUHVVHG S-CARBOXYETHYLCYSTEINE (A CONSTITUENT
CONCLUSION: From these results, it was shown TRG found OF ACACIA SEED) NEGATIVELY AFFECTS CASEIN
in pumpkin was effective in mitigating diabetes. Regulation PROTEIN UTILIZATION BY RATS
of gluconeogenesis and cholesterol synthetase by TRG is Olumuyiwa, Falade S.; Harwood, Chris
considered to be its action mechanism. Obafemi Awolowo University, NGA

Acacia seed is known to be a seasonal food for the aborigines


of Australia and is now being promoted in Australia as a health
food. Some Acacia species have recently been introduced to
West Africa to provide a food crop for the semi arid regions
RI$IULFD $FDFLD KRZHYHU LV NQRZQ WR FRQWDLQ D PRGL¿HG
DPLQR DFLG 6FDUER[\WK\OF\VWHLQH &(&  RI XQNQRZQ
QXWULWLRQDO YDOXH  7ZR ELRDVVD\ H[SHULPHQWV ZHUH FDUULHG
RXW7KH¿UVWLQYHVWLJDWHGWKHOLPLWLQJDPLQRDFLGVLQ$FDFLD
465
colei by feeding Wister strain rats with A. colei supplemented ZHUHVLJQL¿FDQWKLJKHULQWKH6,WUHDWHGJURXSWKDQPHGLFDWLRQ
with the three levels of methionine, cysteine and tryptophan. EHIRUH DQG UHVSHFWLYHO\ LPSURYH   DIWHU WKH WULDO
7KH VHFRQG H[SHULPHQW LQYHVWLJDWHV WKH HIIHFW RI &(& RQ WKH ZKLOH WKH 0'$ OHYHO ZDV VLJQL¿FDQWO\ ORZHU   LQ WKH
protein utilization by rat. Tryptophan supplementation of SI-treated group than medication before. Moreover, there
$ FROHL KDG QR VLJQL¿FDQW HIIHFW RQ SURWHLQ HI¿FLHQF\ UDWLR ZHUH VLJQL¿FDQW GLIIHUHQFHV LQ WKH WKUHH LQGH[HV EHWZHHQ WKH
(PER) but increased with increase in cysteine supplementation. SI-treated group and the placebo-controlled group after the
0HWKLRQLQH VXSSOHPHQWDWLRQ UHVXOWHG LQ D VLJQL¿FDQW LQFUHDVH H[SHULPHQW
LQ 3(5 PDNLQJ LW WKH ¿UVW OLPLWLQJ DPLQR DFLG  ,QWHUDFWLRQV CONCLUSION: )RU KXPDQ 6, LV VDIH DQG KDV D VLJQL¿FDQW
among amino acids were observed. The methionine-induced DQWLR[LGDWLYHHIIHFWLQYLYR
growth rate was suppressed by the incorporation of CEC, which
also had a negative effect on plasma amino acid levels. The
UHVXOWV LQGLFDWHG WKDW PHWKLRQLQH LQ WKH ¿UVW OLPLWLQJ DPLQR P95-21
acid in A. colei and that CEC could affect the seed’s protein EFFECTS OF HIGH-DEVELOPED RICE BRAN
utilization. ON PLASMA GLUCOSE AND LIPID LEVELS IN
STREPTOZOTOCIN INDUCED DIABETIC RATS
Ryu, Min Ju; Han, Hae Kyoung; Choi, Sung Sook; Chung, Ha
P95-19 Sook
HEMOGLOBIN F INDUCER EFFECT OF THE AERIAL DukSung Women’s University, Seoul, KOR
PART OF Curcuma comosa
Chaneiam, Nattawara1; Svati, Soavaros2; Chokchaisiri, High-developed rice varieties were produced by genetic
Ratchanaporn; Suksumrarn, Apichart; Winichagoon, Pranee2; engineering from the early 1990’s in Korea. It has an enriched
Fucharoen, Suthat2 WDVWH WH[WXUH VL]H FRORU DQG QXWULWLRQDO FRPSRQHQWV $V D
1
Mahidol University, Nakhonpathom, THA; 2Institute of part of our ongoing studies of the biological activities, we
Science and Technology for Research and Development, investigated the effects on plasma glucose and lipid levels
Mahidol University, Nakhonpathom, THA; Faculty of Science, RI HWKDQROLF H[WUDFWV RI KLJKGHYHORSHG ULFH YDULHWLHV 2U\]D
Ramkhamhaeng University, Bangkok, THA sativa cvs. Obongbyeo (Ob), Hyangmibyeo (Hy), and
Aranghyanchalbyeo (Ar) branin normal and diabetic male
ȕ7KDODVVHPLDZKLFKLVFDXVHGE\UHGXFHGRUDEVHQWȕJORELQ UDWV ([SHULPHQWDO JURXSV ZHUH LQGXFHG GLDEHWHV PHOOLWXV E\
chain synthesis, is the most common hereditary disease in the VWUHSWR]RWRFLQ 67=  LQMHFWLRQ  PJNJ ERG\ ZHLJKW  LQWR
ZRUOG7KHDFFXPXODWLRQRIXQERXQGĮJORELQFKDLQLQHU\WKURLG the tail vein. Control rats were injected with citrate buffer
progenitor is the cause of the intramedullary destruction of alone. In the present study, plasma glucose, total cholesterol,
immature red cells (ineffective erythropoiesis). Consequently, triglyceride (TG), free fatty acid (FFA), aminotransferase, and
the patients have anemia, jaundice, hepatosplenomegaly, iron hematocrit levels were evaluated. As a result, plasma glucose
overload and many other pathological changes of various OHYHOVDIWHUDGPLQLVWUDWLRQRIKLJKGHYHORSHGULFHEUDQH[WUDFWV
RUJDQV ,QFUHDVHG IHWDO KHPRJORELQ +E)  LQ ȕ WKDODVVHPLD in diabetic rats have been decreased. The glycogen levels in
SDWLHQWVUHVXOWVLQDPHOLRUDWHGLVHDVHVHYHULW\DVH[FHVVXQERXQG OLYHU ZHUH VLJQL¿FDQWO\ ORZHU WKDQ WKDW RI 1& JURXS 3ODVPD
ĮJORELQFKDLQUHGXFHGE\FRPELQHVZLWKWRIRUP+E)0DQ\ 7*OHYHOZHUHVLJQL¿FDQWO\ORZHULQWKH'2EDQG'+\JURXSV
HbF inducing agents have been studied for over two decades as compared to STZ-control group. Administration of Hy and
VXFKDVD]DF\WLGLQHK\GUR[\XUHDDQGEXW\UDWHDFLG+RZHYHU $UFDXVHVDVLJQL¿FDQWGHFUHDVHLQ))$OHYHORIWUHDWHGGLDEHWLF
PDQ\ RI WKHVH GUXJV KDYH ORZ HI¿FDF\ DQG VSHFL¿FLW\ ZKLOH rats compared to the DC group.
some are potentially carcinogenic and associated with high
WR[LFLW\,QWKLVVWXG\ZHVFUHHQHGWKHH[WUDFWIURPWKHDHULDO
part of Curcuma Comosa, the medicinal plant traditionally used P95-22
to treat a number of diseases, using stable erythroid cell line PHYTOCHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS OF SOME
UHSRUWHUDVVD\VEDVHGRQWKHJUHHQÀXRUHVFHQFHSURWHLQ (*)3  LOCAL SPICES – ONIONS (ALLIUM CEPA) AND
JHQH XQGHU FRQWURO RI WKH * Ȗ JORELQ SURPRWHU LQ WKH LQWDFW GINGER (ZINGIBER OFFICINALE)
KXPDQ ȕ JORELQ FOXVWHU 7KH UHVXOWV VKRZHG WKDW & FRPRVD N.M. Nnam; A.U. Archibong; U.S. 8GR¿D
H[WUDFW WUHDWHG FHOOV LQFUHDVH Ȗ JORELQ JHQH H[SUHVVLQJ XS WR University Of Nigeria, NGA
IROGV
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Phytochemicals are natural
bioactive compounds found in plant foods that work with
P95-20 nutrients to protect human bodies against diseases. In Nigeria,
ANTI-OXIDATIVE EFFECT OF SOYBEAN RQLRQV $OOLXPFHSD DQGJLQJHU =LQJLEHURI¿FLQDOH DUHVSLFHV
ISOFLAVONE IN THE HUMAN BODY used locally in the treatment of cardiac problems along with
Chenrui, Gong; Maowei, Cheng; Yi, Song; Shunag, Liu; Jun, other ailments. The objective of the study was to determine the
Li; Guoqin, Yi phytochemical constituents of the spices and shed light on their
Hubei CDC, Wuhan, Hubei, CHN therapeutic effect.
MATERIALS & METHODS: The spices were dried and
OBJECTIVE: 7R VWXG\ WKH DQWLR[LGDWLYH HIIHFW RI VR\EHDQ PLOOHGLQWR¿QHÀRXU6WDQGDUGPHWKRGVZHUHXVHGWRGHWHUPLQH
LVRÀDYRQH 6, LQWKHKXPDQERG\ the phytochemical constituents of the spices.
METHODS: KHDOWK\YROXQWHHUVDJHGIURPWRZHUH RESULTS & FINDINGS: The phytochemicals present in the
randomly divided into two groups: the placebo-controlled VSLFHVZHUHVDSRQLQVWDQQLQVFDUGLDFJO\FRVLGHWHUSHQHVGHR[\
JURXSVDQGWKH6,WUHDWHGJURXSLQDFFRUGDQFHZLWKVXSHUR[LGH VXJDU ÀDYRQRLGV DONDORLGVSKOREDWDQLQVDQG DQWKUDTXLQRQHV
GLVPXWDVH VXSHUR[LGH GLVPXWDVH 62'  JOXWDWKLRQH For onions cardiac glycoside was highly present while
SHUR[LGDVH JOXWDWKLRQH SHUR[LGDVH *6+3[  DFWLYLW\ DQG GHR[\VXJDU ÀDYRQRLGV DONDORLGV DQG DQWKUDTXLRQRHV ZHUH
malondialdehyde (maleic dialdehyde, MDA) content .The SI moderately present. For ginger, alkaloids were highly present
FDSVXOHZDVDGPLQLVWHUHGWRWKH6,WUHDWHGJURXSJGRUDOO\IRU while cardiac glycoside and saponins were moderately present.
PRQWKVZKLOHSODFHERZDVDGPLQLVWHUHGWRWKHFRQWUROJURXS CONCLUSION: The spices contained some phytochemicals,
Before and after the test, determination were carried for subjects ZKLFKKDYHKHDOWKEHQH¿WV
RQHDFKUHOHYDQWVHFXULW\LQGLFDWRUVDQG62'*6+3[0'$
RESULTS: Test results of the targets on food safety were
within normal range before and after the trial, and obvious
DGYHUVHUHDFWLRQVZHUHQRWIRXQG7KH62'DQG*6+3[OHYHOV
466
P95-23 role. Now a day, Bangladesh faces diet related chronic diseases.
SPROUTING ENHANCES ISOFLAVONE CONTENT IN For the prevention and management, advanced research study is
CHICKPEA SEEDS needed to identify the potential functionality of indigenous and
Dr. P.Sujatha1, Dr.D. Vijaya Kumar2 Dr.Ahamed Ibrahim1 & commonly consumed foods of Bangladesh.
Dr. N. Balakrishna1 MATERIALS & METHODS: Therefore, the present study
1
National Institute of Nutrition, ICMR, Hyderabad; 2 Indian was undertaken to screen the 41 selected indigenous foods
Institute of Chemical Technology, CSIR, Hyderabad, IND of Bangladesh, included vegetables, fruits, oil seeds, spices,
OHJXPHVWHDDQGFHUHDO)UHH]HGULHGVDPSOHVZHUHH[WUDFWHG
RATIONALE/ OBJECTIVES: Effect of sprouting on E\ GLPHWK\O VXOIR[LGH '062  DQG VHTXHQWLDO H[WUDFWLRQ E\
,VRÀDYRQHFRQWHQWZDVVWXGLHGLQFKLFNSHDVHHGV KH[DQHGLFKORURPHWKDQH   DQG$:$ DFHWRQHZDWHUDFHWLF
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dried, soaked, and sprouted DFLG   $QWLR[LGDQW DFWLYLWLHV ZHUH PHDVXUHG E\
 K DQG  K  VHHG H[WUDFWV ZHUH K\GURO\]HG DQG DQDO\]HG K\GURSKLOLF R[\JHQ UDGLFDO DEVRUEDQFH FDSDFLWLHV +25$& 
E\ +3/&'$' IRU LVRÀDYRQH FRQWHQW $PRQJ WKH IRXU RI $:$ DQG OLSRSKLOLF 25$& RI KH[DQHGLFKORURPHWKDQH
LGHQWL¿HGLVRÀDYRQHVGDLG]HLQHDQGJHQLVWHLQZHUHTXDQWL¿HG IUDFWLRQ7RWDOSKHQRO 73 FRQWHQWZHUHPHDVXUHGE\PRGL¿HG
XVLQJ VWDQGDUGV 7ZR PRUH LVRÀDYRQHV  ELRFKDQQLQ $ DQG )ROLQ&LRFDOWHDX PHWKRG '062 H[WUDFWV ZHUH XVHG WR
formononetin, the methylated forms of genistein and daidzein HYDOXDWH WKH DQWLLQÀDPPDWRU\ HVWLPDWHG E\ /36LQGXFHG
UHVSHFWLYHO\ ZHUH TXDQWL¿HG DV HTXLYDOHQWV RI JHQLVWHLQ DQG 71)Į LQÀDPPDWRU\ F\WRNLQH SURGXFHG LQ HDUO\ SKDVH RI
daidzein. LQÀDPPDWLRQ RQ -$ FHOOV  DQG DQWLDOOHUJLF DQWLJHQ
RESULTS: 7RWDO LVRÀDYRQH FRQWHQWV ZHUH VLJQL¿FDQWO\ LQGXFHGGHJUDQXODWLRQRI5%/+FHOOV DFWLYLWLHV
LQFUHDVHG S  ZLWK  KRXUV K  DQG  K JHUPLQDWLRQ RESULTS & FINDINGS: Tea samples showed high H-ORAC
WLPH “—JJ “—JJ  %LRFKDQQLQ $ DQG YDOXHV   —PRO RI 7RUROR[ HTXLYDOHQW 7( J 
formononetin are the predominant forms in germinated seeds, +25$& YDOXHV RI WKH IUXLWV UDQJHV IURP  WR 
DQGWKHOHYHOVZHUHVLJQL¿FDQWO\ S KLJKHULQVRDNHGDV with very low L-ORAC activity. Spices showed both higher
ZHOODVJHUPLQDWHGIRUKDQGKWLPH+LJKHVWPHDQYDOXHV H-ORAC and L-ORAC values. Among vegetables, fruits
RIELRFKDQQLQ$ “—JJ DQGIRUPRQRQHWLQ  and tea samples, TP content was linearly correlated with the
“—JJ ZHUHREVHUYHGIRUKJHUPLQDWLRQ +25$& H[FHSW ,QGLDQ DSSOH DQG $OPD )RXUWHHQ GLIIHUHQW
CONCLUSION: Results of the present study indicated that VDPSOHV LQKLELWHG 71)Į SURGXFWLRQ DW WKH FRQFHQWUDWLRQ RI
VSURXWHGFKLFNSHDVHHGVFRXOGEHDJRRGVRXUFHRILVRÀDYRQHV —JP/ DQG DFWLYLWLHV RI OLQVHHG FKLQD NKHVKDUL UDGKXQL
cabbage, black tea and sesame-black variety were potent.
P95-24 'RVH UHVSRQVH VWXG\ UHYHDOHG WKDW  VDPSOHV RXW RI  KDYH
INHIBITORY EFFECT OF LEMONBALM (MELISSA GRVHUHVSRQVHRQLQKLELWLRQRI71)ĮSURGXFWLRQ2QWKHRWKHU
OFFICINALIS) EXTRACT ON MELANOGENESIS IN KDQGVRPHYHJHWDEOHVDQGIUXLWVHQKDQFHG71)ĮSURGXFWLRQ
B16 MURINE MELANOCYTE at the same concentration. Concerning anti-allergic activities,
Roh, Miran; Lee, Sung-Joon; Lee, Hojoung kalojeera, china, eggplant, cabbage, papaya, amla and four
Korea University, Seoul, KOR different type of tea inhibited the antigen-induced degranulation
RI5%/+FHOOVDWWKHVDPHFRQFHQWUDWLRQDQG$:$IUDFWLRQ
%LRDFWLYH DQG DQWLR[LGDQW SURSHUWLHV KDYLQJ /HPRQ EDOP of kalojeera showed positive dose response.
0HOLVVDRI¿FLQDOLV KDVSRWHQWLDOLWLHVLQK\SRSLJPHQWDWLRQ7R CONCLUSION: In present study, we have investigated the
assess the inhibitory performance of wild (LBE) and mutant EHQH¿FLDO HIIHFW RI %DQJODGHVKL IRRGV )XUWKHU VWXGLHV DUH
P/%(  W\SH OHPRQ EDOP H[WUDFWV RQ PHODQRJHQHVLV LQ YLWUR QHHGHGIRUWKHLGHQWL¿FDWLRQRIELRDFWLYHFRPSRXQGV
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FRQWHQW LQ H[WUDFWV DQG WKH LQKLELWRU\ HIIHFWV RI WKH H[WUDFWV
on the mushroom tyrosinase activity were measured. Cells P95-26
ZHUHWUHDWHGZLWKWKHH[WUDFWVWRGHWHUPLQHFHOOXODUW\URVLQDVH PROTECTIVE EFFECTS OF WHEAT BRAN ON
activity, melanin content, cell viability followed by gene and GASTRIC STRESS ULCER IN RATS
SURWHLQ H[SUHVVLRQ OHYHO UHODWHG WR WKH PHODQRJHQHVLV P/%( Aiko Shojo, Minako Yoshizawa, Naohiro Mieda1, Barla
VKRZHGKLJKHUÀDYRQRLGFRQWHQWWKDQ/%(&\WRWR[LFLW\ Florin, Naoki Harada1, Ryouichi Yamaji1, Hiroshi Inui1,
ZDV QRW IRXQG IRU /%( DQG P%/( XS WR ȝJPO ZKLFK Shuichi Murata, Hirokazu Funakawa, Yoshihisa Nakano
UHGXFHG WKH PXVKURRP W\URVLQDVH DFWLYLW\ E\  DQG  Osaka Prefecture University, Japan 2) Otemae Colledge of
respectively. LBE and mBLE treatments on cell reduced cellular 1XWULWLRQ-DSDQ 2NXPRWR)ORXU0LOOLQJ&R/WG-DSDQ 
W\URVLQDVHE\DQGZKLOHPHODQLQFRQWHQWE\DQG Koshien University, JPN
UHVSHFWLYHO\7KHJHQHH[SUHVVLRQOHYHOZHUHLQKLELWHGLQ
W\URVLQDVH E\  DQG  DQG LQ 753 E\  DQG 
IRU/%(DQGP/%(UHVSHFWLYHO\3URWHLQH[SUHVVLRQOHYHOZDV It is well known that the wheat bran has potential health
UHGXFHGLQW\URVLQDVHE\IRU/%(DQGLQ753E\ EHQH¿WV+RZHYHUNQRZOHGJHWRWKHSURSHUWLHVRISK\VLFDODQG
IRU P/%( : H FRQFOXGHG WKDW OHPRQ EDOP H[WUDFWV VKRZHG chemical digested wheat bran is nothing. Effects of physical and
antagonistic effects on melanogenesis and could provide chemical treatment of wheat bran were evaluated on, protective
ingredients for functional cosmetics. effects of that on gastric ulcer in the rat model were compared.
Wheat bran was physical digested with autoclave ( wheat bran
A ) and chemical digested with cellulase and pectinase ( wheat
P95-25 EUDQ% 5DWVZHUHIHGVWDQGDUGDQGEUDQGLHWIRUGD\V7KHȕ
IN VITRO SCREENING OF THE SELECTED JOXFDQFRQWHQWRIVROXEOL]HGZKHDWEUDQ$DQG%ZHUH
INDIGENEOUS FOOD OF BANGLADESH FOR ANTI- DQGUHVSHFWLYHO\3URWHFWLYHUDWHWRJDVWULFXOFHURI
INFLAMMATORY rats fed with wheat bran diet were higher than control. These
Shaheen, Nazma1,2; Goto , Masao1; Watanabe, Jun1; Takano- UHVXOWV VXJJHVW WKDW WKH ȕ     JOXFDQ RI ZKHDW EUDQ LV
Ishikawa, Yuko1 an important part of the active principle for anti-ulcerogenesis.
1
National Food Research Institute, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, JPN;
2
Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Dhaka,
Tsukuba, Ibaraki, JPN

RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Food can modulate various


functions in the body and the bioactive compounds of plant
RULJLQIRRGVKDYHUHSRUWHGIRUWKHLUSRWHQWLDOKHDOWKEHQH¿FLDO
467
P96: Novel Approaches in Dietary Assessment II diet quality.
References:
6FRWWLVK([HFXWLYH  6FRWWLVK+HDOWK6XUYH\
P96-01 K W W S    Z Z Z  V F R W O D Q G  J R Y  X N 
DIETARY PATTERNS IN THE SCOTTISH DIET FROM 3XEOLFDWLRQV
THE EXPENDITURE AND FOOD SURVEY: THEIR This project was funded by the Food Standards Agency
RELATIONSHIP TO SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS, Scotland.
HOUSEHOLD INCOME, TOBACCO AND ALCOHOL
PURCHASES
Armstrong, Julie A.1; Barton, Karen L.2; Sherriff, Andrea; P96-03
Wrieden, Wendy L.4; Brogan, Yvonne L.1 MEAL-Q - A NEW WEB-BASED DIETARY
1
Glasgow Caledonian Univeristy, Glasgow, GBR; 2University ASSESSMENT METHOD FOR CHILDREN,
of Dundee, Dundee, GBR; University of Glasgow Dental TEENAGERS AND ADULTS
School, Glasgow, GBR; 4University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Balter, Katarina M.; Christensen, Sara; Möller, Elisabeth; Bonn,
GBR Stephanie; Siiteri, Tanja; Eriksson, Mikael; Spångeus, Per;
Bergström, Anna
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To describe dietary Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, SWE
SDWWHUQVDPRQJ6FRWWLVKKRXVHKROGVDQGWRH[SORUHKRZWKHVH
patterns varied according to socio-economic status, household RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: To develop a new set of
income, alcohol and tobacco purchases. questionnaires to assess dietary intake in children from the age
METHODS: Food purchase data (household and eaten RI PRQWKV XS WR DGXOWV DJHG 7KH DLP LV WR XVH WKH QHZ
RXW  IURP  6FRWWLVK KRXVHKROGV ZDV WDNHQ IURP WKH 8. method in a future prospective Swedish cohort study of children
([SHQGLWXUH DQG )RRG 6XUYH\ ()6    'LHWDU\ and adults (LifeGene).
patterns were derived using Principal Component Analysis MATERIALS & METHODS: The questionnaires are web-
(PCA). The associations between the dietary patterns and socio- based and include features like hidden follow-up questions
economic status, household income and household purchases of and automatic checks for missing answers. The food items
alcohol and tobacco were assessed using general linear models. are presented for different meals, i.e. starting with commonly
RESULTS AND FINDINGS: Four distinct dietary patterns eaten food items for breakfast, snacks in-between meals, and
ZHUH REVHUYHG LQ WKH 6FRWWLVK GLHW µWDNHDZD\HDWHQ RXW¶ thereafter, different lunch and dinner dishes. In addition, we
‘healthy with fruit and vegetables’, ‘cakes, pastries, buns, ask about drinks, dietary supplements, meal patterns and other
scones, cereals and bread’ and ‘traditional’ patterns. There was dietary behaviors.
HYLGHQFHRIDVLJQL¿FDQWUHODWLRQVKLSEHWZHHQVRFLRHFRQRPLF RESULT & FINDINGS: There are eight versions of the
status, lifestyle factors and dietary patterns. A lower level of questionnaire, adapted to different ages. The selection of food
GHSULYDWLRQKLJKHUKRXVHKROGLQFRPHVDQGQRVPRNLQJWREDFFR items and dishes included in the questionnaires are based on
purchases were associated with the ‘healthy’ dietary pattern. interviews and surveys in population-based samples. The
CONCLUSION: Dietary patterns in the Scottish diet have questionnaires are currently being validated, including doubly
been established from UK household EFS data and appear to be labeled water, biomarkers and 7-day weighted dietary records.
socially patterned. Their relationship to socio-economic status, CONCLUSIONS: 7RRXUNQRZOHGJHWKLVLVWKH¿UVWWLPHDVHW
household income and tobacco and alcohol purchases have been RIGLHWDU\TXHVWLRQQDLUHVKDYHEHHQGHYHORSHGWR¿WIRRGKDELWV
described. at different ages, including 9-month old babies, pre-school
This project was funded by the Food Standards Agency children, schoolchildren, teenagers and adults.
Scotland.

P96-04
P96-02 DIETARY INTAKE ASSESSMENT: DIFFERENT
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DIETARY QUALITY, METHOD COMPARISON
AGE AND SOCIAL STATUS IN THE SCOTTISH Podgrajšek, Ksenija; 6LPþLþ0DUMDQ
POPULATION University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, SVN
Armstrong, Julie A.1; Sherriff, Andrea2; Wrieden, Wendy L.;
Brogan, Yvonne l.1 Assessment of dietary intake offers considerable challenge.
1
Glasgow Caledonian Univeristy, Glasgow, GBR; 2University Over the course of a week, an individual can consume hundreds
of Glasgow Dental School, Glasgow, GBR; University of RI IRRGV PDNLQJ LW GLI¿FXOW IRU UHVSRQGHQWV WR UHSRUW WKHLU
Aberdeen, Aberdeen, GBR intake accurately. Food record provides a perfect snapshot
of food consumed, but in practice there are considerable
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To develop and use a problems with this method. On the other hand, food frequency
'LHWDU\ 4XDOLW\ ,QGH[ '4,  WR DVVHVV WKH GLHWDU\ TXDOLW\ RI questionnaire major advantage is that attempts to assess the
Scottish adults and children. H[SRVXUH RI LQWHUHVW LQ PDQ\ DSSOLFDWLRQV$ OLPLWDWLRQ LV WKDW
METHODS: 'DWD IURP WKH  6FRWWLVK +HDOWK 6XUYH\ close-ended form with a limited food list. The aim of this
6FRWWLVK([HFXWLYH ZDVXVHGWRGHULYHDGLHWDU\TXDOLW\ study was to establish the optimal cross-section dietary intake
LQGH[ IRU LQGLYLGXDOV Q  FKLOGUHQ Q  DGXOWV DVVHVVPHQW PHWKRG  WHHQDJHUV IURP /MXEOMDQD XQGHUZHQW
Q   EDVHG RQ FXUUHQW GLHWDU\ JXLGHOLQHV 7KH '4, VFRUH an anthropometric assessment, body composition evaluation by
ZDVH[SUHVVHGDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOVFRUH/LQHDUUHJUHVVLRQ body composition analyzer, detailed dietetic survey with food
DQDO\VLVZDVXVHGWRDVVHVVWKHDVVRFLDWLRQEHWZHHQWKH'4,DQG IUHTXHQF\ TXHVWLRQQDLUH DQG GD\ IRRG UHFRUG 5HVXOWV ZHUH
demographic factors. assessed by SPSS program. The principal component analysis
RESULTS AND FINDINGS: 7KH'4,ZDVFRQVLVWHQWO\KLJKHU ZLWK PXOWLSOH TXHVWLRQQDLUHV H[SODLQHG KLJKHU SHUFHQWDJH RI
in the adult groups particularly the older adult groups compared variance for different nutritional parameters than with the same
WRWKHFKLOGUHQ7KH\HDUROGJURXSKDGWKHORZHVW'4,RI methods separately. In conclusion the combination of methods
DOOJURXSV7KHUHZDVDFRQVLVWHQWDQGVLJQL¿FDQWUHODWLRQVKLS with different questionnaires are potentially the most precise
EHWZHHQVRFLDOSRVLWLRQDQG'4,IRUDOODJHJURXSV and, together with complementary introduction of biomarkers,
CONCLUSION: $ GLHWDU\ TXDOLW\ LQGH[ EDVHG RQ FXUUHQW the most trustworthy estimations of dietary intake at the
dietary guidelines is a useful way to assess the diet of population population level.
groups. Older people and adults have higher scores than children
and socio-economic status is an important factor in determining
468
P96-05 PRUH UHVHDUFK WR H[DPLQH WKH FKDUDFWHULVWLFV RI PLVUHSRUWHUV
PILOT TESTING A SELF-ADMINISTERED DIETARY Calibrating data, with these characteristics can help to improve
ASSESSMENT WEBSITE WITH SCHOOL AGED intake estimates.
CHILDREN
Dr Yasmine Probst, Ms Sarah Cufer, Prof Linda Tapsell
Smart Foods Centre, University of Wollongong, Wollongong P96-08
NSW, AUS CRITICAL EVALUATION OF VALIDATION METHODS
USED IN A RURAL AREA IN SOUTH AFRICA
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: The dietary assessment Lombard, Martani J.1; Burger, Hester M.2; Steyn, Nelia P.2;
website, DietAdvice, has been successfully used in adult Charlton, Karen E.
populations, but not with children. This study evaluated the 1
NICUS, Cape Town, ZAF; 2Medical Research Council, Cape
usability of the website by children. Town, ZAF; MRC, Cape Town, ZAF
MATERIALS & METHODS: 8VDELOLW\ H[DPLQHG E\
researcher observation of use, and post-use interviews. The RATIONALE: The ratio and portion size photograph (rapp)
children’s behaviors were observed, times of completion were dietary assessment tool was developed to obtain dietary
measured, and questions were asked on perceived ability to use information from rural populations. Different validation
computers, access to and frequency of computer use. Thematic methods were used to determine the most effective method for
DQDO\VLV RI WUDQVFULEHG GDWD IURP REVHUYDWLRQ  LQWHUYLHZ future use.
notes were completed. Chi-square analyses and independent METHODS: 6L[W\PHQDQGZRPHQSDUWLFLSDWHG0HDQGLHWDU\
samples t-tests compared responses and mean completion times intake of four 24-hour recalls was compared with the rapp tool.
respectively between age groups (primary school 9-12yrs; 8ULQDU\ ELRPDUNHUV ZHUH PHDVXUHG HQHUJ\ H[SHQGLWXUH ZDV
VHFRQGDU\VFKRRO\UV OHYHORIH[SHULHQFHDQGIUHTXHQF\ FDOFXODWHG VFKR¿HOG HTXDWLRQV  DQG PHDVXUHG ZLWK SK\VLFDO
of computer use. activity questionnaires (paq). These were compared with the
RESULTS & FINDINGS: 6HYHQWHHQFKLOGUHQ \UV ZHUH rapp tool.
UHFUXLWHG 7KHUH ZHUH QR VLJQL¿FDQW GLIIHUHQFHV EHWZHHQ DJH RESULTS: the rapp tool compared well with the recalls.
groups and time taken to complete website sections and need Spearman correlations between the two dietary assessment
IRUDVVLVWDQFH Q SULPDU\Q VHFRQGDU\ RIFKLOGUHQ PHWKRGV ZHUH EHWZHHQ  IDW    PDJQHVLXP 
reported the website was easy to complete and understand, Correlations between the urinary biomarkers and the rapp tool
H[FHSWIRUDPRXQWIUHTXHQF\RIIRRGHDWHQ  ,QVWUXFWLRQV ZHUHSRRU ±WR &RUUHODWLRQVIRUFDOFXODWHGHHZHUH
ZHUHFRQVLGHUHGWRRORQJ  )UHTXHQWFRPSXWHUVXVHZDV ±DQG±ZKLOHPHDVXUHGHHUDQJHGEHWZHHQ±DQG
UHSRUWHG “G 6XJJHVWHGLPSURYHPHQWVLQFOXGHGPRUH 0.20.
pictures and spacing of instructions. CONCLUSION: recalls were the best validation method.
CONCLUSIONS: Children demonstrated ability to use the Measured ee from paq and urinary biomarkers failed. Selection
'LHW$GYLFHZHEVLWHKRZHYHUPRGL¿FDWLRQVPD\IXUWKHUDVVLVW of validation method is crucial when validating a dietary
completion. Validity and reliability of the website as a dietary assessment method.
assessment tool in this population is required.

P96-09
P96-06 A CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF STATISTICAL
UNDER AND OVERREPORTING OF ENERGY IN A METHODS USED IN THE VALIDATION OF A
GROUP OF CANDIDATES FOR CABG SURGERY AND DIETARY ASSESSMENT TOOL
ITS ASSOCIATION WITH SOME ANTHROPOMETRIC Lombard, Martani J.1; Burger, Hester M.2; Steyn, Nelia P.;
AND SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS, TEHRAN, Charlton, Karen E.2
IRAN 1
University of Stellenbosch, Cape Town, ZAF; 205&
Amirkalali, Bahareh1; 1DMD¿0HKGL2; Ataie-jafari, Asal1; ZAF; MRS, Cape Town, ZAF
Hosseini, Saeed1; Heshmat, Ramin1
1
The Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Centre (EMRC) RATIONALE: The Ratio and Portion size Photographic
of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IRN; (RAPP) tool was developed and validated to determine nutrient
2
Tehran Heart Center, Tehran, IRN intake of rural adults in South Africa.
METHODS: 6L[W\ PDOH DQG IHPDOH SDUWLFLSDWHG 7KH WRRO
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Numerous studies have was validated against four non-consecutive 24-hour recalls,
documented a high prevalence of misreporting energy intakes. including a week-end day, over three months.
7KLVSDSHUH[DPLQHVWKHSUHYDOHQFHRIXQGHUDQGRYHUUHSRUWLQJ RESULTS: Percentage differences indicated good agreement
of energy intake in a group of candidates for CABG surgery and for eleven nutrients. Spearman correlations were poor for
its association with BMI and some socio-demographic factors. IDW ULERÀDYLQ YLWDPLQ D YLWDPLQ E YLWDPLQ F DQG YLWDPLQ
MATERIALS & METHODS: Dietary assessment (using a H 7HUWLOH FODVVL¿FDWLRQV ZHUH SRRU IRU DOO QXWULHQWV H[FHSW
food frequency questionnaire) and demographic evaluation carbohydrates, folate, tihamine, vitamin d and magnesium.
of 449 CABG surgery candidates was performed. Weight and Kappa statistics were poor for protein, fat, vitamin a, vitamin
height was also measured. McCrory equation was used to b12, vitamin c, vitamin e and selenium. Bland-altman data
identify inaccurate records of energy intake. With this equation, LQGLFDWHGJRRGDJUHHPHQW DJUHHPHQW IRUDOOQXWULHQWV
UHSRUWLQJHQHUJ\LQWDNHOHVVWKDQDQGPRUHWKDQRI but showed the presence of reporting bias energy, protein,
SUHGLFWHGHQHUJ\H[SHQGLWXUHZDVFRQVLGHUHGDVXQGHUDQGRYHU carbohydrate, folate, magnesium, sodium, selenium, and zinc.
reporting respectively. CONCLUSION: Statistical methods used for validation
RESULTS & FINDINGS: Less than half of the participants SURYLGHFRQÀLFWLQJUHVXOWV7KLVVWUHVVHVWKHLPSRUWDQFHRIXVLQJ
reported energy intakes within the plausible limits. There were a variety of statistical methods to evaluate different aspects of
more over reporters than under reporters in this sample. The only a dietary assessment tool. Results should be interpreted based
VLJQL¿FDQWDVVRFLDWLRQEHWZHHQPLVUHSRUWLQJDQGUHODWHGIDFWRUV on the disease, target population (education levels, food choices
was seen in BMI groups. As BMI increased the number of under and demographics of the population) as well as the type of
UHSRUWHUVLQFUHDVHGVLJQL¿FDQWO\([SUHVVHGDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI nutrients.
WRWDOHQHUJ\PHDQFDUERK\GUDWHLQWDNHZDVVLJQL¿FDQWO\ORZHU
DQG PHDQ IDW DQG SURWHLQ LQWDNH ZDV VLJQL¿FDQWO\ KLJKHU LQ
under reporters compared to over reporters.
CONCLUSION: The high prevalence of misreporting suggests
469
P96-10 CONCLUSION: 6LPSOH PRGL¿FDWLRQV WR FRQYHQWLRQDO
SIMPLE MODIFICATIONS IN CONVENTIONAL methods are of immense importance in obtaining objective
24-HR RECALL OFFERS OBJECTIVE ESTIMATE estimates of intakes of individuals in free-living populations.
OF MATERNAL DIETARY INTAKE IN FREE LIVING The approach would be adaptable in similar settings in other
POPULATION – PUNE MATERNAL NUTRITION developing countries where illiteracy in women prevents the
STUDY use of food diaries or self-weighing methods.
Rao, Shobha1; Kanade, Asawari N.1; Joshi, Sadhana R.1;
Yajnik, Chittaranjan S.2
1
Agharkar Research Institute, Pune, Maharashtra, IND; 2KEM P97-02
Hospital Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, IND DETERMINATION OF BODY COMPOSITION IN
SYRIAN HAMSTERS BY NON-INVASIVE METHODS
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: Recall of foods consumed N.Harishankar1, N.Balakrishna2, K.Vijaya Radhakrishna2,
and their portion sizes constitute major sources of error in P.Udaykumar2 ; N.V.Giridharan1
estimating individual intake 1
National Centre for Laboratory Animal Sciences, Hyderabad,
METHODS: $ PRGL¿FDWLRQ RI SULRU GD\ YLVLW E\ ORFDO India; 2 National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, IND
community worker (CW) to list the foods cooked at each meal
and record their average weights per serving was introduced Body composition reveals the nutritional status and general
in conventional 24-hr recall and was validated (n= 41 rural well being of an individual. In the past, body composition of
pregnant women) with reference method of weighed records. H[SHULPHQWDO DQLPDOV ZDV GHWHUPLQHG E\ FDUFDVV FKHPLFDO
RESULTS: 7KHPRGL¿HGPHWKRGKHOSHGWRKDYHWKHUHFDOORI PHWKRG QHFHVVLWDWLQJ WKH VDFUL¿FH RI DQLPDOV %XW LQ
PRUH WKDQ  RI IRRGV FRQVXPHG 'DWD RQ DYHUDJH VHUYLQJ recent times alternative non-invasive measures like total
ZHLJKWV IRU GLIIHUHQW IRRGV ZDV DEOH WR UHGXFH VLJQL¿FDQWO\ ERG\ HOHFWULFDO FRQGXFWLYLW\ WREHF  DQG GXDO HQHUJ\ [UD\
the errors in estimating portion sizes. The estimates of DEVRUSWLRPHWU\ GH[D  KDYH HPHUJHG ZKLFK DOORZ UHSHDWHG
LQWDNH REWDLQHG IURP PRGL¿HG KRXU UHFDOO PHWKRG ZHUH LQGLYLGXDO PHDVXUHPHQWV ZLWKRXW VDFUL¿FH RI DQLPDOV 6\ULDQ
comparable with those obtained from reference method for hamsters (mesocricetus auratus), which are normally used in
HQHUJ\ “ YV “ .FDO UHVSHFWLYHO\  SURWHLQ QXWULWLRQDO DQG WR[LFRORJLFDO H[SHULPHQWV DUH HYDOXDWHG IRU
“YV“JUHVSHFWLYHO\ DQGIDW “YV ERG\ FRPSRVLWLRQ LQ WKH SUHVHQW VWXG\ XVLQJ WREHF DQG GH[D
“JUHVSHFWLYHO\ 7KHPRGL¿HGPHWKRGDOVRVKRZHG and were compared with carcass chemical method. Syrian
! VHQVLWLYLW\ DQG VSHFL¿FLW\ IRU LGHQWLI\LQJ LQDGHTXDWH hamsters aged 100 days were used for the study, and the body
maternal intakes. composition evaluation included parameters like lean body
CONCLUSION: 6LPSOH PRGL¿FDWLRQV WR FRQYHQWLRQDO PDVVIDWIDWIDWIUHHPDVVDQGWKHWRWDOERG\ZDWHU%HWZHHQ
methods are of immense importance in obtaining objective WKHPHWKRGVWKHYDOXHVREWDLQHGE\GH[DSRVLWLYHO\FRUUHODWHG
estimates of intakes of individuals in free-living populations. with chemical method, as compared to tobec, which showed
The approach would be adaptable in similar settings in other QHJDWLYH YDOXHV  'H[D LV WKXV UHFRPPHQGHG DV WKH PHWKRG
developing countries where illiteracy in women prevents the RI FKRLFH ZKLOH DQDO\]LQJ ERG\ FRPSRVLWLRQ RI H[SHULPHQWDO
use of food diaries or self-weighing methods. animals, especially species like hamsters.

P97: Recent Innovations in Body Composition Assessment P97-03


DIETARY HABITS AND PERCEIVED HEALTH IN
COLLEGE STUDENTS
P97-01 J. Kang, M. Maekawa, A. Ashida, T. Tabuchi, S. Sagawa, A.
ASSESSMENT OF PERCENTAGE FAT MASS BY Yosikawa
FOURIER TRANSFORM INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY Dept. of Nutrition, Hyogo NCC College, JPN
IN ADOLESCENT GIRLS: IS THE USE OF STANDARD
ANTHROPOMETRIC CUTOFFS APPROPRIATE FOR OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the dietary habits,
SRI LANKA? physical activity, and perceived health in college students.
de Lanerolle-Dias, Maduka; de Silva, Angela; Lanerolle, METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted
Pulani; Arambepola, Carukshi; Atukorala, Sunethra with a convenience sample of 177 college students. The students
Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Colombo, LKA were divided into three groups (underweight, normal weight,
and overweight) using a BMI.
RATIONALE: 1R GDWD H[LVW RQ SHUFHQWDJH ERG\ IDW DPRQJ RESULTS: Of the 177 students, the rate of underweight and
±\HDUROG6UL/DQNDQDGROHVFHQWV RYHUZHLJKW ZHUH  DQG  UHVSHFWLYHO\ 6WXGHQWV LQ
OBJECTIVES: 7RGHWHUPLQHSHUFHQWDJHIDWPDVV )0 E\ underweight and overweight groups were eating instant foods
Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and compare more often than students in normal weight group.
with Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) and selected The students in overweight group were eating more fast foods
anthropometric measures among adolescent girls. than in underweight group who were more likely to eat sweet
METHODS: Weight, height, waist-circumference (WC) and foods. The students in overweight group perceived their body
VNLQIROGWKLFNQHVV 6)7 ZDVPHDVXUHG)0ZDVREWDLQHGE\ strength is weak and feel easily tired. In contrast, students in
)7,5DQG%,$LQXUEDQDQGUXUDORXWRIVFKRRODGROHVFHQW underweight group reported they had dizziness and they had a
JLUOV  \HDUV  6)7PHDVXUHPHQWV ZHUH DSSOLHG WR VL[ strong desire to lose weight.
H[LVWLQJ6)7HTXDWLRQV CONCLUSIONS: 7KH ¿QGLQJV VXJJHVW WKDW VWXGHQWV PXVW
RESULTS: 3HUFHQWDJH )0 ZDV VLPLODU LQ XUEDQ   be better informed about the importance of balance diet and
DQGUXUDO  JLUOV S! 2YHUZHLJKWE\)7,5RU%,$ good health. Furthermore, efforts are needed to provide an
ZDVGH¿QHGDV)0!$SSOLFDWLRQRIWKLVFXWRIILQGLFDWHG environment for healthy food choices and physical activity.
WKDWRYHUZHLJKWZDVE\)7,5DQGE\%,$)0
)7,5 VLJQL¿FDQWO\FRUUHODWHG U S ZLWK)0
(BIA); the latter indicating an overestimation. Overweight by
%0, :+2FXWRIIV ZDVWKLVGLIIHUHGIURPERWK)7,5DQG
%,$0HDQ:&RIRYHUZHLJKWJLUOV>)0 )7,5 !@ZDV
FPORZHUWKDQWKHVWDQGDUGFXWRII !FP &RPSDUHG
WR)0 )7,5 WKUHH6)7HTXDWLRQVJDYHVLJQL¿FDQWO\ORZHU
)0 S 
470
P97-04 P97-06
BAYESIAN MODEL FOR BODY COMPOSITION EVALUATION OF SOME CARDIOVASCULAR RISK
ESTIMATES FACTORS AND DETERMINATION OF BETTER
Mioche, Laurence1; Denis, Jean-Bapt2 CENTRALLY OBESITY INDEX IN DIFFERENT AGES
1
INRA, Saint Genes Champanelle, FRA; 2INRA, Jouy en IN IRANIAN WOMEN
Josas, FRA Shahraki, Mansour; Shahraki, Touran
Zahedan university of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Sistan &
Respective contribution of free fat mass (FFM) and fat mass Balouchestan, IRN
(FM) to body weight appears as a key indicator for major public
health issues but a general agreement for reliable assessments on BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: It is unknown which of the
large population is still needed. The objective was to investigate waist circumference or waist- to-hip ratio is a better predictor of
the potential interest of Bayesian networks to assess FFM and cardiovascular risk factors in different ages. The purpose of the
FM in a general adult population. current study was to test this and also the prevalence of some
A network of interconnected variates (gender, age, height, cardiovascular risk factors in different agesin overweight and
ZHLJKW))0)0 ZDVGH¿QHG9DULDWHVZHUHGH¿QHGE\WKHLU obese adult women.
PDUJLQDOFRQGLWLRQDOGLVWULEXWLRQVIURPH[SHULPHQWDOGDWDVHWV METHODS: In this clinical cross-sectional study, 714
Distribution of (weight, height) was generated with a joint overweight and obese women aged 20-70 y that were referred
UDQGRP VHOHFWLRQ IURP D )UHQFK GDWDEDVH RI   VXEMHFWV to two nutrition clinics in Sistan & Baluchestan province,
Distribution of (FFM, FM) was then generated from a dataset Islamic Republic of Iran were studied. The subjects were
RIVXEMHFWV 1+$1(6';$GDWD )RUPRGHO FODVVL¿HG WR WKUHH JURXSV   DQG !RU  \HDUV
YDOLGDWLRQ HQWU\ YDULDEOHV ZHUH DGMXVWHG WR H[SHULPHQWDO old). Anthropometric indices were measured according to the
GDWD DQG PRGHO RXWSXWV ZHUH FRPSDUHG ZLWK   ';$ ERG\ VWDQGDUG SURWRFRO 7& 7* +'/& DQG 7&+'/ UDWLR OHYHOV
FRPSRVLWLRQRQVXEMHFWV DVHOHFWLRQRISXEOLVKHGERG\ were enzymatically determined.
composition estimates. RESULTS: 7KH ROGHU VXEMHFWV !RU  \HDUV ROG  VKRZHG
Model responses were statistically correlated to FFM and FM VLJQL¿FDQWO\ KLJKHU YDOXHV RI %0,:&7&7* DQG /'/&
HVWLPDWHGE\';$ Q U S :KDWHYHU%0, WKDQ PLGGOH  \HDUV ROG  DQG \RXQJHU  \HDUV ROG 
JURXSV DFFXUDF\ RI PRGHO UHVSRQVH ZDV EHORZ  DQG ))0 ones. The prevalence of obesity, high WC, WHR, TC, TG, LDL
GLVWULEXWLRQ E\ DJH UDQJH VKRZHG H[FHOOHQW DJUHHPHQW ZLWK DQGKLJK7&+'/UDWLROHYHOVZHUHPRUHLQWKHROGHUVXEMHFWV
published results. After adjustment for age and BMI, multiple linear regressions
Bayesian approach provides a new reliable tool for body VKRZHG WKDW :& ZDV VLJQL¿FDQWO\ UHODWHG WR WRWDO FKROHVWHURO
composition studies. Model predictive interest could echo many DQGWULJO\FHULGHLQWKH\HDUROGJURXSDQGWRWULJO\FHULGH
public health issues. LQWKH\HDUROGRQH,QWKHROGHUSDUWLFLSDQWV:+5ZDV
VLJQL¿FDQWO\UHODWHGWR7*
CONCLUSIONS: According to obtained results, the
P97-05 prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors increased with age.
THE EUROPEAN NUTRITION AND HEALTH REPORT :H FRQFOXGHG WKDW LQ FOLQLFDO SUDFWLFH :& LV D EHWWHU LQGH[
2009 (ENHR II) - ENHR II NUTRITION AND HEALTH for predicting some cardiovascular risk factors in younger and
DATA QUESTIONNAIRE middle ages; however, for the older ones WHR is better.
Nowak, Verena; Hasenegger, Verena; Freisling, Heinz;
Elmadfa, Ibrahim
University of Vienna, Vienna, AUT P97-07
RELATIONSHIP AMONG REGION OF DISTRIBUTING
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: The European Nutrition and FATNESS AND DEGREE OF ECONOMY
Health Report 2009, funded by the European Commission, will Wan, Rou
provide a comprehensive documentation on the nutrition and Fudan University, Shanghai, CHN
health situation in Europe. Objective of the present study was
WR HYDOXDWH WKH DYDLODELOLW\ RI QXWULWLRQ DQG KHDOWK GDWD LQ  OBJECTIVE: Study the relationship among the distributing
European countries. fatness and the degree of the economy.
MATERIALS & METHODS: A nutrition and health data METHODS: 8VLQJWKHGDWDSXEOLVKHGE\KWWSZZZVWDWVJRY
TXHVWLRQQDLUH ZDV GHYHORSHG DQG FLUFXODWHG WR WKH  SURMHFW FQKWWSZZZPRKJRYFQDQG7KH6WXG\RI&KLQHVH6WXGHQWV
partners. +HDOWKLQWR¿QGRXWWKHUHODWLRQVKLS
RESULTS & FINDINGS: Most partners have data on food RESULTS: The level of consumption is not related to BMI
consumption at individual level for different population groups. ERG\PDVVLQGH[OHVVWKDQ
Half of the partners have data on some biochemical markers CONCLUSION: The fatness of youths and the development of
of nutritional status. For different age groups, 20 partners have economy are not relative.
data on health- and lifestyle indicators such as breastfeeding,
anthropometry, physical activity, and smoking. Little data are
DYDLODEOH RQ KHDOWKUHODWHG ¿WQHVV$ERXW  RI WKH SDUWQHUV P97-08
have data on morbidity, mortality, and prevalence of non- IN ELITE ATHLETES COMPARISON OF DIFFERENT
communicable diseases. METHODS TO MEASURE BODY COMPOSITION
CONCLUSION: The information on available nutrition and Orlandi, Carmine1; Febbi, M1; Andreoli, Angela2; De Lorenzo,
health data will be used as a basis to decide upon the nutrition Antonino1
DQGKHDOWKLQGLFDWRUVWREHFROOHFWHGDQGLQFOXGHGLQWKH¿QDO 1
University, Rome, ITA; 28QLYHUVLW\³7RU9HUJDWD´5RPH,7$
report.
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study
was t o estimate the differences in the assess of body fat
SHUFHQWDJH )0  E\  IRXU GLIIHUHQW PHWKRGV 'XDO;5D\
$EVRUSWLRPHWU\ ';$  VNLQIROG WKLFNQHVV PHDVXUHPHQW
technique, Bioelectrical impedance (BIA) and ultrasound) in
Olympian athletes.
MATERIALS & METHODS:  2O\PSLDQ DWKOHWHV
SDUWLFLSDWHG WR GLIIHUHQW FRPSHWLWLRQ DJHG  \HDUV  ZHUH
PHDVXUHGE\';$%,$6NLQIROG 6. DQGXOWUDVRXQG)0
471
ZDV DVVHVVHG XVLQJ ';$  IRXU VNLQIROGV WULFHSV ELFHSV P97-10
VXEVFDSXODUVXSUDLOLDF7RHVWLPDWHERG\IDWSHUFHQWDJH )0  PREDICTIVE EQUATIONS FOR ESTIMATION OF
from anthropometric measurements, the equations of Jackson STATURE IN JAVANESE ELDERLY PEOPLE BASED
e Pollock, Durnin e Womersley, Lohaman e McArdle & Katch ON KNEE HEIGHT, ARM SPAN, AND SITTING
were used. Furthermore BIA and ultrasound were measured. HEIGHT
RESULTS & FINDINGS: :HLJKW  NJ “  KHLJKW  Hutasuhut, Fatmah
“)0“E\';$IRUPWRE\6.DW Faculty of Public Health, University of Indonesia, Depok, IDN
GLIIHUHQWSUHGLFWLRQIRUPXODV“E\%,$DQG“
E\XOWUDVRXQG7KHPHDQ 6' DQGWKH&9RIWKHGLIIHUHQFHV +HLJKW PHDVXUHPHQW LQ HOGHUO\ PD\ LPSRVH VRPH GLI¿FXOWLHV
among each pair of all four of the methods used showed a and the reliability is doubtful. Equations estimating height from
ODUJHYDULDELOLW\LQWKH)0YDOXHVREWDLQHGIURPWKHGLIIHUHQW other anthropometric measurement have been developed for
techniques. Caucasians i.e. Chumlea and Eleanor. However, these models
CONCLUSIONS: In this sample of Olympian athletes the cannot be applied for Indonesian elderly people due to in-
HVWLPDWHG YDOXHV IRU )0 DSSHDU WR EH KLJKO\ GHSHQGHQW RQ DFFXUDF\FRPSDUHGWRVWDQGLQJDFWXDOKHLJKW7KHREMHFWLYHRI
method and caution should be shown when different techniques this study was to develop statistical model using knee height,
DUHXVHGWRFDOFXODWH)0LQHOLWHDWKOHWHV arm span, and sitting height. Healthy Javanese elderly people
 PDOHV DQG  IHPDOHV  DJHG  WR  \HDUV ROG LQ WKH
VL[ SODFHV 6XUDED\D 0DJHWDQ <RJ\DNDUWD *XQXQJ .LGXO
P97-09 Semarang, and Wonogiri) participated in this cross sectional
ANALYSIS OF CORRELATIONS BETWEEN study. Standing height, weight, knee height, arm span, and
ANTROPOMETRICS AND BLOOD LIPID AND sitting height were measured. Standing height is an ideal
LIVER RELATED PARAMETERS AND THE RATE technique for estimating the stature of elderly people, but
OF RELATED DISEASE OF THE WHOLE MIDDLE in certain cases it cannot to be measured. It can be estimated
SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ULSAN CITY, KOREA IURPSUR[\LQGLFDWRUVRIVWDWXUHLHNQHHKHLJKWDUPVSDQDQG
Jung, Soon-im sitting height. Linear regression analysis was carried out to
University of Ulsan, Ulsan, KOR derive predictive equations for estimation of stature in elderly.
Chumlea and Eleanor equations have the higher difference
This study investigates correlations between blood lipid mean of prediction height than knee height and sitting height
parameter and antropometrics of the whole middle school when compared to standing height. Arm span showed the
students in Ulsan city, Korea. VWURQJHVWFRUUHODWLRQZLWKVWDQGLQJKHLJKWRQPDOH U  
DQG IHPDOH U    7KHUH ZHUH D VLJQL¿FDQW GLIIHUHQFH
7KH QXPEHU RI WKH VWXGHQWV ZHUH  PDOH  IHPDOH of stature in urban and rural areas and across economic level
 DQGDQWKURSRPHWULFEORRGOLSLGSDUDPHWHUVDQGWKHUDWH S $GYDQFLQJDJHZDVDVVRFLDWHGZLWKGHFUHDVHGPHDQRI
of related disease were researched. Mean value, T-Tests, and height, weight, arm span, and sitting height both on elderly male
correlations were used to analyze results. and female, but not on knee height (p < 0.01).In conclusions,
Averaged results of middle school student’s anthropometry and arm span is more representative to predict height on healthy
blood parameters, including height and weight of males and Javanese elderly people than knee height and sitting height. The
IHPDOHV PDOHKHLJKWFPIHPDOHKHLJKWFPPDOH FRUUHODWLRQFRHI¿FLHQWRIDUPVSDQWRDFWXDOKHLJKWZDVODUJHU
ZHLJKW   NJ IHPDOH ZHLJKW   NJ  ERG\ PDVV LQGH[ in elderly male than female. It should be borne in mind that
PDOH  NJP IHPDOH  NJP  ZDLVW FLUFXPIHUHQFH equation derived from taller stature populations (e.g. Chumlea
PDOH   FP IHPDOH   FP  WRWDO WULJO\FHULGH PDOH  and Eleanor from Caucasians ethnic) may be less accurate when
PJGOIHPDOHPJGO WRWDOFKROHVWHURO PDOH applied to shorter stature populations (e.g. Indonesian elderly.
PJGOIHPDOHPJGO +'/ PDOHIHPDOH
PJGO  /'/ PDOH   PJGO IHPDOH   PJGO  *27
PDOH  ,8 IHPDOH   ,8  DQG *37 PDOH   ,8 P97-11
female : 24.4 IU). The rates of blood lipid parameter related VALIDITY OF SIMPLE MEASURES OF
disease were followed : Adolescent hyper-triglyceride rate(at GENERALIZED AND CENTRAL OBESITY IN YOUNG
DQG RYHU PJG/  ZDV   PDOH    IHPDOH  NORTH INDIAN WOMEN: WHICH ONE TO USE?
   K\SHUFKROHVWHUROHPLD UDWH DW DQG RYHU  PJG/  Singhal, Neha; Mathur, Pulkit; Pathak, Renuka
ZDV  PDOH   IHPDOH      KLJK /'/ UDWH DW Lady Irwin College, University of Delhi, New Delhi, IND
DQGRYHUPJG/ ZDV PDOHIHPDOH 
KLJK*27UDWH RYHU,8 ZDV PDOHIHPDOH RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: 7KH VWXG\ H[DPLQHG WKH
 DQGKLJK*37UDWH RYHU,8 ZDV PDOH validity of simple measures of generalized obesity i.e. body
IHPDOH    &RUUHODWLRQV EHWZHHQ EORRG OLSLG SDUDPHWHUV PDVV LQGH[ %0, NJP  IDW PDVV LQGH[ )0, NJP  DQG
antropometrics, BMI and waist circumference were found. In ERG\IDWSHUFHQW %) DQGVLPSOHPHDVXUHVRIFHQWUDOREHVLW\
UHVXOWWKHUDWHVRIK\SHUWULJO\FHULGHZHUHRYHUDQGEORRG i.e. waist circumference (WC, cm), waist-hip ratio (WHR) and
lipid related disease rate of female students were higher than ZDLVWWRKHLJKW UDWLR :&KW UDWLR  DJDLQVW %) DQG %0, DV
male and adversely, liver related disease rates of male were criteria in young healthy north Indian women.
higher than female. Antropometrics, blood lipid parameters and MATERIALS AND METHODS: %)IDWPDVV )0 DQGIDW
OLYHU UHODWHG EORRG SDUDPHWHUV ZHUH FRHI¿FLHQWO\ FRUUHODWHG free mass (FFM) were measured using leg-to-leg bioelectrical
Early onset of adolescent’s blood lipid related disease was impedance. Height, hip and waist circumferences, triceps
found. So nutrition education of middle school students is skinfold measurement was taken using standard methods.
needed. RESULTS AND FINDINGS: )0, %0, :& DQG :&KW
UDWLR ZHUH KLJKO\ FRUUHODWHG ZLWK %) U   U  
U U UHVSHFWLYHO\S ZKHUHDV:+5KDG
the least correlation (r = 0.497, p<0.01). FMI showed a higher
positive predictive value in diagnosing generalized obesity
FRPSDUHGWR%0,ZLWK%)DVFULWHULRQDQGKLJKHUWKDQ%)
with BMI as criterion. Considering only the indices of central
obesity, WC was the most predictive in identifying women with
KLJK%) •DQG• ZKHUHDV:&KWUDWLRSURYHGWR
EHDEHWWHULQGH[LQLGHQWLI\LQJZRPHQZLWK%0,JUHDWHUWKDQ
DQGNJP
472
CONCLUSION: FMI was found to be a better predictor of and Folate. Vitamin B12 and vitamin E are the micronutrients
JHQHUDOL]HG REHVLW\ FRPSDUHG WR %0, DQG %) &RQVLGHULQJ with less probability of being adequately assessed with dietary
abdominal obesity as an independent risk factor for insulin patterns.
UHVLVWDQFH ERWK :& DQG :&KW UDWLR ZLOO EH DEOH WR SUHGLFW CONCLUSION: 'LHWLQGH[HVDUHWRROVZLWKIDLUWRPRGHUDWH
central obesity better than WHR. validity to assess micronutrient intake adequacy.

P98: Nutrition Monitoring & Evaluation III P98-03


MONITORING OF NUTRITION AND HEALTH IN
LITHUANIA
P98-01 Petkeviciene, Janina; Klumbiene, Jurate
NUTRITIONAL STATUS ASSESSMENT IN ELDERLY Kaunas University of Medicine, Kaunas, LTU
SUBJECTS RECEIVING LONG-TERM CARE
FACILITIES IN TAIWAN RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: In Lithuania, numerous
Yu-Chen Hsu1, Shan-pan Tai1, Lih-fang Fuh1, Ju-Yu Su1, Jin- studies have collected dietary information. The aim of the study
Jia Fan1, Pi-Sang Chen2, Mei-Fang Lin1 was to evaluate and systemize the nutrition and health indicators
1
Applied Life Science & Health, Chia-Nan of Pharmacy for European Nutrition and Health Report II (ENHR II).
and Science, Tainan, TWN; 2Department of Restaurant MATERIALS & METHODS: Nutrition assessment data
Management, Chung-Jen College of Nursing, Health Sciences SXEOLVKHGLQMRXUQDOVUHSRUWVLQWHUQHWSDJHVRYHUWKHODVW¿YH
and Management, Chiayi, TWN years were collected. Personal communications with persons
leading the ongoing projects was employed for searching
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was the assessment of the unpublished data. Some indicators were recalculated following
nutritional status of the elderly living in the chosen long-term the recommendations of the ENHR II project.
care setting in Tainan city, Taiwan. RESULTS: The majority of dietary surveys were carried out
METHODS: $WRWDOHOGHUO\SHUVRQV IHPDOH in adult population. Nutrient content of diet, data on height
PDOH \HDUVROGDQGROGHUZHUHLQFOXGHGLQWKHVWXG\WKHLU and weight as well as the trends of those indicators over the
nutritional status was assessed by mini nutritional assessment last decade are available at national level. High intake of fat
(MNA) and anthropometric measurements (height, weight,  HQHUJ\  HVSHFLDOO\ VDWXUDWHG  HQHUJ\  ORZ
ERG\PDVVLQGH[ %0, PLGDUPFLUFXPIHUHQFH 0$& WULFHSV FRQVXPSWLRQRIYHJHWDEOHVDQGIUXLWV JG KLJKSUHYDOHQFH
skinfold (TSF), mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMC), calf RI RYHUZHLJKW   DUH WKH PDLQ SUREOHPV RI /LWKXDQLDQ
circumference (CC), waist-hip ratio (WHR)). diet. The lack of dietary data in children and adolescents was
RESULTS: The total elderly population was mean at age of assessed.
“  KHLJKW“FPZHLJKW“ CONCLUSION: The collected information on nutrition and
NJ %0,  “  0$&  “ FP76)  “PP health will be used in ENHR II and serve national disease
0$0&  “FP &&  “FP DQG :+5 “ prevention and health promotion.
$PRQJ WKH  VXEMHFWV  ZHUH RYHUZHLJKW %0, 
  DQG  ZHUH REHVH %0,    $FFRUGLQJ WR WKH
PLQLQXWULWLRQDODVVHVVPHQWFODVVL¿FDWLRQ P98-04
of the participants were assessed as will-nourished, at-risk of ASSOCIATIONS OF SKIN CAROTENOID LEVELS
malnutrition, and malnourished, respectively. ESTIMATED BY RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY
CONCLUSION: The results of the present study showed about AND INDIVIDUAL SERUM CAROTENOID
half of the long-term care facilities elderly were malnourished CONCENTRATIONS
or were at risk of malnutrition, and forty-nine percent of the Rerksuppaphol, Sanguansak
VXEMHFWVKDG%0,YDOXHVEHWZHHQDQG Srinakharinwirot University, Nakorn Nayok, THA

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: Carotenoids are powerful


P98-02 DQWLR[LGDQWVWKDWSOD\LPSRUWDQWUROHVDVVFDYHQJHUVRIVLQJOHW
VALIDITY OF DIETARY PATTERNS TO ASSESS R[\JHQ DQG SHUR[\O UDGLFDOV 'XH WR WKH GLI¿FXOW\ RI GLUHFW
NUTRIENT INTAKE ADEQUACY measurement, Raman spectroscopy (RS), the novel non-invasive
Roman, Blanca1; Ribas-Barba, Lourdes1; Ngo, Joy1; Martínez- technique for skin carotenoids detection has been introduced. A
González, Miguel Angel2; Serra-Majem, Lluís UHFHQW VWXG\ VKRZHG D KLJKO\ VLJQL¿FDQW FRUUHODWLRQ EHWZHHQ
1
3DUF&LHQWt¿F%DUFHORQD%DUFHORQD(632University of serum total carotenoids and RS; however, the correlations of
Navarra, Pamplona, ESP; University of Las Palmas de Gran RS with individual carotenoids are not well established. This
Canaria, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, ESP study aims to determine these correlations.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cross-sectional study to
RATIONALE & OBJETIVES: To conduct a systematic PHDVXUH  VHUXP FDURWHQRLGV E\ +3/& PHWKRG DQG VNLQ 56
review on the value of the methods used to assess dietary patterns ZDVSHUIRUPHGLQYROXQWHHUV7KHFRUUHODWLRQVEHWZHHQ56
for measuring nutrient intake adequacy in the population. and individual serum carotenoid concentrations were analyzed
MATERIALS & METHODS: Systematic review on Pubmed by Spearman’s rho test.
GDWDEDVH XS WR$SULO  LQFOXGLQJ VSHFL¿F NH\ ZRUGV DQG RESULTS: 56ZDVVLJQL¿FDQWO\FRUUHODWHGZLWKOXWHLQ U 
MeSH terms. Only studies comparing dietary patterns with S   ]HD[DQWKLQ U  S  DQG ȕ FU\SWR[DQWKLQ
nutrient intake adequacy or nutrient biomarkers were included. U S KRZHYHULWKDGQRFRUUHODWLRQZLWKO\FRSHQH
RESULTS: 7KH VHDUFK UHVXOWHG LQ  DUWLFOHV $SSO\LQJ U  S   ĮFDURWHQH U  S   DQG ȕFDURWHQH
WKH LQFOXVLRQ DQG H[FOXVLRQ FULWHULD  DUWLFOHV ZHUH VHOHFWHG U S  
Nineteen evaluated the usefulness of the dietary patterns, CONCLUSIONS: Among individual serum carotenoids,
GH¿QHG HLWKHU D SULRUL  VWXGLHV  RU E\ IDFWRU DQDO\VLV   OXWHLQ ]HD[DQWKLQ DQG ȕ FU\SWR[DQWKLQ ZHUH PRGHUDWHO\
or by cluster analysis (2 studies), but only nine of them tested correlated with skin carotenoid levels estimated by Raman
WKHLU YDOLGLW\ 'LHW LQGH[HV VKRZHG PRGHUDWH WR JRRG YDOLGLW\ spectroscopy.
UHVXOWV IRU PHDVXULQJ WKH DGHTXDF\ RI LQWDNHV IRU ĮFDURWHQH
ȕFDURWHQH YLWDPLQ & YLWDPLQ % FDOFLXP )RODWH ,URQ DQG
Magnesium. The factor analysis approach showed moderate
to good validity correlations with the adequacy of intake of
ĮFDURWHQHȕFDURWHQH/XWHLQO\FRSHQHYLWDPLQ&YLWDPLQ%
473
P98-05 P98-07
NUTRITIONAL INTAKE AND STATUS OF PREGNANT PREVALENCE OF DYSLIPIDAEMIA IN HIV
AUSTRIAN INFECTED CHILDREN, INFLUENCE OF
Rust, Petra; Tramnitz, Birgit; Elmadfa, Ibrahim ANTIRETROVIRAL DRUGS AND IMPLICATIONS
Department of Nutritional Sciences, Vienna, AUT FOR TREATMENT
Lanigan, Julie1; Rhoads, Margaret2; Smith, Colette; Lyall,
Optimal nutrition during pregnancy is very import for mother’s Hermione2; Doerholt, Katja4; Judd, Ali4; Gibb, Di4
KHDOWK DQG WKH GHYHORSPHQW RI WKH FKLOG 1XWULWLRQDO GH¿FLWV 1
Institute of Child Health, London, GBR; 2Imperial College
during this period of time may abet the risk for chronic disease Healthcare Trust, London, GBR; UCL Medical School,
in adulthood. London, GBR; 4MRC, London, GBR
$OWRJHWKHUSUHJQDQWZRPHQWRRNSDUWLQDUHSUHVHQWDWLYH
VXUYH\ RQ QXWULWLRQDO DQG KHDOWK EHKDYLRU  ¿OOHG LQ D RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: Highly active antiretroviral
KUHFDOO DQG ZLWKLQ D VXEVDPSOH Q    RI FKLOGEHDULQJ therapy (HAART) for treatment of pediatric HIV infection
women blood samples were analyzed. has improved survival. However, HAART is associated with
Data show evidence that the intake of folic acid, vitamin B1, metabolic complications and increased risk of cardiovascular
%DQG'DVZHOODVWKHPLQHUDOVLURQFDOFLXPDQGLRGLQHLV GLVHDVH 7DVVLRSRXORV   7KLV LV LPSRUWDQW IRU FKLOGUHQ
VXERSWLPDO/DERUDWRU\LQYHVWLJDWLRQVFRQ¿UPHGDSRRUVXSSO\ ZKRPD\KDYHORQJWHUPH[SRVXUHWR+$$57
ZLWKYLWDPLQ%DQGIROLFDFLGDVLURQ)XUWKHUPRUHVWDWXVRI MATERIALS & METHODS; Routine lipid measurements
beta-carotene, vitamin B2, B12 and zinc should be improved. were collected from children attending St Mary’s and Great
'HVSLWH VXEVWLWXWLRQ ZLWK PLFURQXWULHQWV  RI WKH ZRPHQ 2UPRQG6WUHHW+RVSLWDOVEHWZHHQDQG5HODWLRQVKLSV
WRRN YLWDPLQV DQG PLQHUDOV  LQ  RI WKH HVWLPDWHG ZRPHQ ZLWKWKHPRVWFRPPRQO\SUHVFULEHG1157, 1HYLUDSLQH>193@
low folic acid levels, very low iron concentrations as well as DQG(IDYLUHQ]>()9@DQG3,1HO¿QDYLU>1)9@DQG/RSLQDYLU
YHU\ORZ]LQFYDOXHV LQRIWKHSUHJQDQW ZHUHREVHUYHG >/39@  ZHUH DQDO\]HG XVLQJ PL[HG HIIHFWV PRGHOV ZLWK
([SHFWLQJZRPHQVKRXOGEHEHWWHULQIRUPHGDERXWWKHVSHFLDO adjustments made for gender, ethnicity and age, calendar year,
needs during pregnancy to improve their health and nutritional %0,DQG&'(WKLFDODSSURYDOZDVREWDLQHG
status. RESULTS & FINDINGS: 449 children with a median of 4
years’ follow-up were included. All lipid measurements are
UHSRUWHG LQ PPRO/     FKLOGUHQ KDG SHUVLVWHQWO\
P98-06 UDLVHG /'/& FRQFHQWUDWLRQ ,QLWLDO H[SRVXUH WR 193 DQG
DIETETIC MANAGEMENT OF HIV ASSOCIATED ()9ZDVDVVRFLDWHGZLWKLQFUHDVHG7&RI &,
DYSLIPIDAEMIA IN CHILDREN S DQG7& S UHVSHFWLYHO\
Lanigan, Julie A.1; Cooke, Lisa2; Moshal, Karyn; Novelli, Vas /HYHOVGHFOLQHGEXWUHPDLQHGHOHYDWHGRYHUWLPH([SRVXUHWR
1
Institute of Child Health, London, GBR; 2Bristol Royal Hospital 1)9 ZDV DVVRFLDWHG ZLWK    S  LQLWLDO
for children, Bristol, GBR; Great Ormond Street Hospital for LQFUHDVH LQ 7& DQG D IXUWKHU LQFUHDVH RI   
Children, London, GBR S   DIWHU ! \HDU¶V H[SRVXUH  ,QLWLDO /39 H[SRVXUH ZDV
DVVRFLDWHGZLWKKLJKHU7& S ZKLFK
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Highly active antiretroviral GHFOLQHG E\    S   LQ \HDU  EHIRUH
therapy (HAART) has improved survival in pediatric HIV VWDELOL]LQJ,QLWLDO193UHFHLSWZDVDVVRFLDWHGZLWK 
but is associated with metabolic side effects (Tassiopulos, S LQFUHDVHLQ+'/&XSWR\HDUVODWHU+'/&
   /LSLG SUR¿OHV LQ VRPH LQIHFWHG FKLOGUHQ DUH VLPLODU OHYHOVZHUH S KLJKHULQFKLOGUHQHYHU
to those with familial hyperlipidemia who usually develop FRPSDUHG ZLWK WKRVH QHYHU WUHDWHG ZLWK ()9 1R VLJQL¿FDQW
premature atherosclerotic disease in adulthood (McComsey, increases in HDL-C were associated with PI.
2004). The aim of this study was to identify published reports CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of dyslipidemia was similar to
of interventions for management of pediatric HIV associated RWKHU SRSXODWLRQV )DUOH\   /RQJLWXGLQDO PRQLWRULQJ RI
dyslipidemia. OLSLGV LQ +,9 LQIHFWHG FKLOGUHQ UHFHLYLQJ +$$57 LGHQWL¿HV
MATERIALS & METHODS: A comprehensive literature those in need of treatment for dyslipidemia. Dietary and
search of MEDLINE and Embase was carried out for all lifestyle interventions are urgently required and should be
articles, reports and guidelines published between January 2000 VFLHQWL¿FDOO\HYDOXDWHG
DQG-XQH6HDUFKWHUPVLQFOXGHGGHVFULSWRUVRI+,9+,9
therapy and dyslipidemia paired with child descriptors.
RESULTS & FINDINGS:1RUHSRUWVRUJXLGHOLQHVVSHFL¿FWR P98-08
HIV related pediatric dyslipidemia were found. The American TRENDS IN THE PREVALENCE OF ABDOMINAL
Heart Association recommended treatment for familial ADIPOSITY IN CHINESE ADULTS, FROM 1993 TO
K\SHUOLSLGHPLDEDVHGRQDJHDQGVH[VSHFL¿FFXWSRLQWVIURPWKH 2006
National Cholesterol Education Programme (NCEP) (Table 1). Bing, Zhang; Huijun, Wang; Fengying, Zhai Institute of
Dietary and lifestyle intervention was recommended in children Nutrition and Food Hygiene, Chinese Center for Disease
with persistently elevated LDL-C. Pharmacologic intervention Control and Prevention, Beijing, CHN
FRXOGEHFRQVLGHUHGLQFKLOGUHQ•\HDUVHLWKHUZLWKVHYHUHO\
HOHYDWHG/'/&!PJGO PPROO RU!PJGO  Abdominal adiposity is an important public health problem and
PPROO ZLWKDGGLWLRQDOULVNIDFWRUV$G\VOLSLGHPLDWUHDWPHQW is a component of cardiovascular risks. The objective of this
algorithm was developed in line with AHA guidelines. paper is to describe the prevalence and the trends of abdominal
Table 1. Cut Points for Total and LDL Cholesterol Concentration DGLSRVLW\LQ&KLQHVHDGXOWVDJHG,WLVEDVHGRQWKHGDWD
in Children and Adolescents. FROOHFWHG LQ WKH &KLQD +HDOWK DQG 1XWULWLRQ 6XUYH\ LQ 
Total Cholesterol LDL Cholesterol    DQG  8VLQJ /06 PHWKRG WR FRQVWUXFW
Category Percentile WKH WK WK DQG WK SHUFHQWLOH ZDLVW FLUFXPIHUHQFH
PJGO PPROO PJGO PPROO
Acceptable WK <170 (4.4)   SHUFHQWLOH FXUYHV $EGRPLQDO DGLSRVLW\ ZDV GH¿QHG DV ZDLVW
FLUFXPIHUHQFH•FPLQPHQDQG•FPLQZRPHQ7KHUH
Borderline WKWK    
was a gradient of increasing waist circumference in both
Elevated !WK !  !  men and women. The mean waist circumferences increased
IURP FP WR FP LQ PHQ DQG IURP FP WR FP
CONCLUSIONS: There are no evidence-based guidelines for in women. A gradient of increasing prevalence of abdominal
management of pediatric HIV associated dyslipidemia. Further obesity was also observed in both men and women. Prevalence
research is warranted before management guidelines can be of abdominal adiposity was higher in women compared with
produced.
474
men, and the increasing in women was higher than in men. cope with food shortage, large number of households’ members
7KH SUHYDOHQFH RI DEGRPLQDO DGLSRVLW\ LQFUHDVHG  LQ skipped meal, taken less or alternate food. Overall protein, fruits
PHQDQGLQZRPHQ7KHGLIIHUHQFHRIDEGRPLQDOREHVLW\ and vegetable consumption was low in all areas.
SUHYDOHQFH EHWZHHQ PHQ DQG ZRPHQ LQFUHDVHG IURP  WR CONCLUSION: Malnutrition was more prevalent in food
7KHLQFUHDVHLQWKHSUHYDOHQFHRIDEGRPLQDODGLSRVLW\LQ insecure area although most rural households were vulnerable
Chinese adults has ominous public health implications. Primary to food quantity and quality. Wider social safety net programs
prevention of abdominal adiposity should be a major public are in need to improve nutritional status in chronically food
health priority in China. insecure areas.

P98-09 P98-11
CHINESE “MUST” A NEW MULTIDISCIPLINARY MALNUTRITION LEVELS AMONG PRESCHOOL
APPROACH TO IMPROVE NUTRITION OF CHILDREN IN RURAL HOUSEHOLDS WITHIN
INFIRMARY PATIENTS BANANA GROWING AND CONSUMING REGIONS OF
Kuen, Lam1; Ho Yan, Terry, Ting2; KH, Or; Susan, Cheung1; GITEGA-BURUNDI AND BUTEMBO-DR CONGO
SL, Chan1; J, Chan1; LW, Chan1 Onyango, Beatrice E.
1
Cheshire Home, Shatin, HKG; 2Prince of Wales Hospital, Bioversity International, Kampala, UGA
Hospital Authority, HKG; Department of Medicine and
Geriatrics, Shatin Hospital , HKG :KHUHDVRWKHUGHYHORSLQJFRXQWULHVKDYHH[SHULHQFHGDGRZQ
ward trend in levels of childhood and maternal malnutrition,
OBJECTIVES: 7KH³0DOQXWULWLRQ8QLYHUVDO6FUHHQLQJ7RRO´ Sub Saharan countries and particularly those of Central Africa
for Chinese Adult (C-MUST) has recently been validated in have remained stagnant and in some countries have actually
Hongkong. The study objective is to investigate the prevalence increased. This paper presents results of a cross-sectional survey
RIPDOQXWULWLRQULVNLQLQ¿UPDU\SDWLHQWVE\&0867 carried out in Gitega health zone-Burundi and Butembo health
METHODS: ,WLVD³6WHSV´PDOQXWULWLRQVFUHHQLQJWRROEDVHG zone-Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) with the objective
RQ WKH %0,  ZHLJKW ORVV LQ WKH SDVW  PRQWKV DQG DFXWH of establishing the nutrition status of preschool children
GLVHDVHVHIIHFW3DWLHQWVDUHFDWHJRUL]HGLQWRJURXSVDFFRUGLQJ from rural-banana dependent households. Three sites were
WRWKH¿QDOVFRUHV   ORZ PHGLXPDQG! KLJK purposively selected from each of the health zones, villages were
risk of malnutrition. A multidisciplinary team assessment and randomly selected from each of the sites and after household
intervention provide by doctors, nurses, speech therapist and listing, systematic random sampling used to come up with
dietitian will be initiated when the score is >1.  KRXVHKROGV   %XWHPER'5&  *LWHJD%XUXQGL 
RESULTS: $WRWDORIUHVLGHQWVDUHVFUHHQHG  DUH Anthropometric measurements, height, weight and age were
found to have malnutrition risk with C-MUST score >1. Among WDNHQDQG(3,XVHGWRFRPSXWHWKHQXWULWLRQLQGLFHV
WKHP    KDYH &0867 VFRUH !  7KH PHDQ %0, RI DQGFODVVLI\WKHUHVXOWVLQDFFRUGDQFHZLWK:+21&+6FXWRII
residents who have malnutrition risk compared with those who points. Stunting was the most prevalent form of malnutrition
KDYH QR ULVN LV  YV  3  $OVR SDWLHQWV ZLWK  IROORZHGE\XQGHUZHLJKW  DQGODVWO\ZDVWLQJ
PDOQXWULWLRQULVN KDYH PRUH VZDOORZLQJ GLI¿FXOWLHVFRPSDUHG   7KH SUHYDOHQFH RI VWXQWLQJ DQG ZDVWLQJ DPRQJ WKH
ZLWK WKHLU QRUPDO FRXQWHUSDUWV  YV  3   ER\VZDVDQGUHVSHFWLYHO\7KLVZDVKLJKHUWKDW
Residents with malnutrition risk also have high prevalence of that observed in the girls. The most malnourished group of
K\SHUWK\URLGLVP 3   DGUHQDO LQVXI¿FLHQF\ 3   SUHVFKRROFKLOGUHQZHUHWKRVHDJHGPRQWKVDQG
peripheral vascular disease (P= 0.044) and motor neuron  RI WKHP ZHUH VWXQWHG DQG XQGHUZHLJKW UHVSHFWLYHO\
disease (P=0.001). But when it came to wasting the older preschool children were
CONCLUSION: A multidisciplinary approach using C-MUST more affected. The levels of stunting were relatively higher
to screen for risk of malnutrition in long-term care residents is LQ '5 &RQJR   FRPSDUHG WR %XUXQGL   ZKLOH
a pioneer in Hong Kong hospitals. The implementation of an underweight and wasting was more prevalent among preschool
evidence-based screening tool with comprehensive interventions FKLOGUHQ LQ %XUXQGL 7KHVH UHVXOWV FRQ¿UP WKDW PDOQXWULWLRQ
PD\KHOSWRLPSURYHWKHQXWULWLRQDOVWDWXVRILQ¿UPDU\SDWLHQWV and especially stunting is still a major public health problem
among rural households in both DR Congo and Burundi. It is
therefore recommended that more research is done to establish
P98-10 the root cause of high levels of stunting and the cause of gender
IMPACT OF PRICE HIKE ON NUTRITIONAL STATUS disparities in the malnutrition levels. It is also recommended
OF CHILDREN AND MOTHERS IN RURAL AND that Government, NGOs, and other stakeholders establish an
URBAN SLUMS OF BANGLADESH integrated participatory approach that will enhance access to
,VODP0G5D¿TXO basic needs by rural communities.
ICDDR,B: Knowledge for Global Lifesaving Solutions,
Dhaka, BGD
P98-12
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact AN ORIGINAL METHODOLOGY FOR CRITICAL
of recent food price hike in Bangladesh on nutritional status of ASSESSMENT OF LOCAL NUTRITIONAL AND
children and mothers in 4 selected areas. DIETARY SITUATIONS
MATERIALS & METHODS: :+2  FOXVWHU VDPSOLQJ Ginder, Vanessa; Demaretz, Laëtitia; Sarrat, Charlotte;
PHWKRG ZDV HPSOR\HG WR VXUYH\ D WRWDO RI  KRXVHKROGV Gausserès, Nicolas; Paineau, Damien
from three rural areas (Two Cylone affected and 1 food insecure Danone, PALAISEAU, FRA
VXEGLVWULFWV DQGXUEDQVOXPVIURP$XJXVWWR6HSWHPEHU
RESULTS & FINDINGS: Moderate to severe wasting RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Nutritional status and
ZDV VLJQL¿FDQWO\ KLJKHU ZKLOH VWXQWLQJ DQG XQGHUZHLJKW dietary habits may vary widely according to countries, even
were lower among children in study areas compared to past within the same geographical area. Knowing local nutritional
national surveys. In food insecure Chilmari sub-district, both situation allows for developing food products with optimal
ZDVWLQJ DQG XQGHUZHLJKW DPRQJ FKLOGUHQ ZHUH VLJQL¿FDQWO\ QXWULHQWSUR¿OHV
higher compared to other study areas and national surveys. MATERIALS & METHODS: The NutriPack methodology
&KLOPDUL KDG D VLJQL¿FDQWO\ KLJKHU SURSRUWLRQ RI FKURQLF ZDV ¿UVW GHYHORSHG E\ 'DQRQH 5HVHDUFK LQ  WR DQDO\]H
HQHUJ\GH¿FLHQF\ %0, DPRQJPRWKHUV$ERXWRI Recommended Daily Allowances, nutritional status and public
the households in rural areas reported shortage of foods. To health policy at the country scale. It relies on both critical
475
ELEOLRJUDSKLF DQDO\VHV DQG PHHWLQJV ZLWK ORFDO VFLHQWL¿F FKLOGUHQ GLG QRW GHFUHDVH LQ  FRPSDUHG WR   
H[SHUWV 6LQFH  D VSHFLDO IRFXV LV DOVR JLYHQ WR GLHWDU\ YVS +RZHYHUWKHSURSRUWLRQRIVHYHUHZDVWHG
behaviors. FKLOGUHQGHFUHDVHGLQFRPSDUHGWR YV
RESULTS & FINDINGS: 7ZHQW\¿YH HPHUJLQJ DQG p<0.001) in intervention area.
developed countries were analyzed in the last 7 years, leading to CONCLUSION: Proportion of stunted and underweight of
DGHWDLOHGPDSSLQJRIQXWULWLRQDOGH¿FLHQFLHVDQGSXEOLFKHDOWK children didn’t reduce in 2007 but their wasting was reduced.
priorities in those countries. Analyses were carried out on the
JHQHUDOSRSXODWLRQDQGRURQVSHFL¿FVXESRSXODWLRQVVXFKDV
babies, toddlers or elderly people. The NutriPack results were P98-15
used to improve nutritional relevancy of food products through CHANGES OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF UNDER-2
IRUWL¿FDWLRQ FKRLFH RI RSWLPDO IRRG PDWUL[ RU GHYHORSPHQW CHILDREN BETWEEN 2004 WITH THEIR YOUNGER
of new food forms. It also led to concrete actions to support SIBLINGS IN 2007 BANGLADESH
ORFDO SXEOLF KHDOWK SURJUDPV HGXFDWLRQ FDPSDLJQV VFLHQWL¿F Ahmed, T.; Alam, N.; Begum, A.; Ibne-e-Khair, Md. F. H.;
studies...). NutriPack analyses are regularly updated. Khanam, M.; Khatun, W.; Roy, S.; Roy, S.K.
CONCLUSIONS: Preliminary assessment of local situations Clinical Science Division, ICDDR, B, BGN
towards nutrition and dietary habits is useful to develop food
products for optimal nutrition. RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: The impact of nutrition
services in families has not been measured on siblings of
recipient children in the National Nutrition Project (NNP)
P98-13 services in Bangladesh. Nutritional status of younger siblings
A NEW DAIRY PRODUCT FOR KIDS BASED ON in 2007 was compared with that of under-2 children surveyed
RESULTS FROM THE FIRST NATIONAL DIETARY in 2004.
SURVEY IN BRAZILIAN CHILDREN MATERIALS & METHODS: The Baseline Survey of 2004
Rodrigues, Guilherme1; Fisberg, Mauro2; 0D[LPLQR3ULVFLOD; KDYLQJXQGHUFKLOGUHQIURPGLYLVLRQVFKLOGUHQ
Tasca, Ana1; Gausserès, Nicolas4; Paineau, Damien4 were randomly selected in 2007. Data were compared with
1
Danone, Sao Paulo, Bra; 2Federal University São Paulo - LQGH[FKLOGUHQDQGWKHLU\RXQJHUVLEOLQJV
8QLIHVS6mR3DXOR6S%UD1XWURFLrQFLD6mR3DXOR6S RESULTS & FINDINGS: RIWKHLQGH[FKLOGUHQLQ
Bra; 4Danone, Palaiseau, FRA ZDVXQGHUZHLJKWLQWKHLQWHUYHQWLRQDUHDFRPSDUHGWRLQ
VLEOLQJV S  DQG  RI WKH LQGH[ FKLOGUHQ LQ  ZDV
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Local dietary surveys XQGHUZHLJKW LQ WKH FRQWURO DUHD FRPSDUHG WR  RI VLEOLQJV
are required to assess nutritional status and to develop food S  6WXQWLQJ LQ LQGH[ ZDV  LQ WKH LQWHUYHQWLRQ DUHD
products for optimal nutrition. No such studies were available FRPSDUHGWRLQWKHVLEOLQJV S! :DVWLQJVLJQL¿FDQWO\
LQ %UD]LOLDQ FKLOGUHQ ,W ZDV WKXV GHFLGHG WR ODXQFK WKH ¿UVW LQFUHDVHG LQ WKH VLEOLQJV WKDQ WKHLU LQGH[ LQ LQWHUYHQWLRQ DUHD
national dietary survey in Brazilian children. YVS 
MATERIALS & METHODS: SUHVFKRROFKLOGUHQDJHG CONCLUSION : The siblings increased in underweight and
 WR  ZHUH UHFUXLWHG LQ  %UD]LOLDQ PHWURSROLWDQ DUHDV )RRG wasting compared to their elders.
LQWDNHV ZHUH DVVHVVHG XVLQJ íGD\ GLDULHV DW KRPH DQG IRRG
weighted records at school. Anthropometric parameters were
PHDVXUHGDQGFRPSDUHGWR:+2&'&UHIHUHQFHFXUYHV P98-16
RESULTS & FINDINGS: Fifteen percent of children were SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM FOR “TRACKING
RYHUZHLJKW DQG  ZHUH REHVH 0RUH WKDQ KDOI RI FKLOGUHQ PROGRESS TOWARDS THE SUSTAINABLE
DJHGWRZHUHXQGHUQXWULWLRQDOULVNIRUYLWDPLQ'  DQG ELIMINATION OF IODINE DEFICIENCY DISORDERS
FDOFLXP  ,QWDNHRIYLWDPLQ(ZDVLQVXI¿FLHQWLQRI IN THAILAND”
children, whereas intake of sodium was above the upper limit Viriyautsahakul, Napaphan; Nuamdee, Srirat; Larpsombatsiri,
LQRIWKHP2QO\KDGLQDGHTXDWHLQWDNHRIYLWDPLQ$ Kitti; Pungkam, Rattanawadee
7DNLQJ LQWR DFFRXQW WKRVH ¿QGLQJV QXWULHQW SUR¿OH RI D QHZ Nutrition Division, Nontaburi, THA
GDLU\ SURGXFW ZDV LPSURYHG WKURXJK IRUWL¿FDWLRQ FDOFLXP
YLWDPLQV ( DQG '  GLVFRQWLQXDWLRQ RI YLWDPLQ$ IRUWL¿FDWLRQ OBJECTIVES: Surveillance, monitoring and evaluation
DQGUHGXFWLRQLQVRGLXPFRQWHQW PJJ  SURMHFW IRU SURJUHVVLRQ RI LRGLQH GH¿FLHQF\ GLVRUGHUV ,'' 
CONCLUSIONS: Preliminary assessment of nutritional control in Thailand has been started since 2000 to survey the
status using a science-based approach is useful to develop food prevalence, tendency, causes and severity of IDD including
products with higher nutritional relevancy. household coverage of iodized salt.
METHODS: By measuring urine iodine level in pregnant
women and checking their household salt samples by I-kit, the
P98-14 VWXG\LVF\FOLFDOPRQLWRULQJWRSURYLQFHV\HDUO\ ZLWKRXW
TIME TREND OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF Bangkok ).
UNDER-5 CHILDREN FROM 2004 TO 2007 IN RESULTS: Median urine iodine levels during 2000-2004
BANGLDESH DQG  DUH       DQG 
Roy, S.K.; Ahmed, T; Alam, N.; Khanam, M.; Begum, A.; —JO UHVSHFWLYHO\ %HIRUH \HDU  E\ :+2 JXLGHOLQH WKH
Ibne-e-Khair, Md. F. H.; Roy, S.; Khatun, W. SURSRUWLRQRISUHJQDQWZRPHQZLWKLRGLQH—JOVKRXOG
ICDDR,B, Dhaka, BGD QRWPRUHWKDQWKHSURSRUWLRQVLQWKH\HDUDQG
 DUH      
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Impact of services of the DQG  UHVSHFWLYHO\ %\ :+2 FXWRII SRLQW  WKH
National Nutrition Project (NNP) after the intervention period SURSRUWLRQVRISUHJQDQWZRPHQZLWKXULQHLRGLQH—JODUH
KDVQRWHDUOLHUEHHQHYDOXDWHG7KHREMHFWLYHVZDVWRH[DPLQH DQGLQDQGUHVSHFWLYHO\7KHKRXVHKROG
the changes in the nutritional status of children aged less than 2 FRYHUDJHRITXDOL¿HGLRGL]HGVDOW •SSP LV
\HDUVLQWKH113%DVHOLQH6XUYH\DIWHU\HDUV DQGUHVSHFWLYHO\
MATERIALS & METHODS: The Baseline Survey of the CONCLUSION: Cyclical monitoring in pregnancy is needed
NNP in 2004. 9217 under-2 children of whom 2124 were WRUHÀHFWDQDGHTXDF\RILRGLQHLQWDNH+RXVHKROGFRYHUDJHRI
randomly selected in the follow-up. TXDOL¿HGLRGL]HGVDOWLVRQO\RQHWKLUGWRKDOIRIVDPSOHV4XDOLW\
RESULTS & FINDINGS: The proportion of severe stunting control of iodized salt production with national regulations
GLGQRWLQFUHDVHLQFRPSDUHGWR YV reinforcement, thoroughly distribution to consumers and social
p<0.07) in the intervention area and also severe underweight campaign for awareness raising in population should be done.
476
P98-17 only variable which increased the chance of anthropometric
ASSESSMENT OF RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SERUM DGHTXDF\7KHUH ZHUH QR VLJQL¿FDQW UHVXOWV UHJDUGLQJ ZHLJKW
LEPTIN AND ADIPONECTIN WITH METABOLIC KHLJKWGH¿FLWV
SYNDROME IN 40-60 YEARS OLD POST CONCLUSION: Findings presented here suggest that the BF
Mottaghi, Azadeh EHQH¿WLQWHUDFWVZLWKWKHEDVLFOLYLQJFRQGLWLRQVRIEHQH¿FLDU\
Tehran University, Tehran, IRN families, leading to improved nutritional status of children
HQUROOHGLQWKHSURJUDPZKHQFRPSDUHGWRQRQEHQH¿FLDULHV
OBJECTIVE: leptin and adiponectin are secretary hormones 5HVXOWV DOVR VXJJHVW WKH QHHG WR SURYLGH EHQH¿FLDU\ IDPLOLHV
from adipose tissue, and closely correlate with cluster of with greater access to the goods and services which interact
metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk factor. The aim of this with improved nutrition, to ensure a sustainable increase in
study is assessment of relationship between serum leptin and health levels.
DGLSRQHFWLQ ZLWK PHWDEROLF V\QGURPH LQ  \HDUV ROG SRVW
menopausal women.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present cross-sectional P98-19
VWXG\ ZDV GRQH RQ  ZRPHQ  \HDUV ROG 0HW6 ZDV THE DEVELOPMENT OF HEALTH AND NUTRITION
LGHQWL¿HG ZLWK QDWLRQDO FKROHVWHURO HGXFDWLRQ SURJUDP DGXOW DAYS IN BRAZIL: RESULTS OF THE 2005-2007
WUHDWPHQWSDQHOɒ 1&(3$73ɒ FULWHULD6HUXPOHSWLQDQG SURVEYS
adiponectin, blood pressure and other related factors were Pacheco Santos, Leonor M.1; Gubert, Muriel2; Coutinho,
measured and data was analyzed by spss software. Janine G.; Vasconcellos, Ana Beatriz4; 3DHV6RXVD5{PXOR;
RESULTS: Women with MetS had higher leptin levels Silva Jr, Jarbas B.
and lower adiponectin levels (p< 0.0001 for both variables) 1
University of Brasília, Brasília, DF, Brazil, USA; 2Catholic
compared with women without MetS. Adiponectin was University of Brasília, Brasilia, BRA

VLJQL¿FDQWO\ FRUUHODWHG ZLWK ZDLVW VL]H WULJO\FHULGHV KLJK 3DQ$PHULFDQ+HDOWK2UJDQL]DWLRQ&RXQWU\2I¿FH%UDVtOLD
GHQVLW\OLSRSURWHLQ +'/ FKROHVWHURO U DQG BRA; 4Ministry of Health, Brasilia, BRA
respectively, p< 0.0001 for all variables). The relation between 
Fundação Osvaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, BRA
adiponectin and HDL cholesterol and triglycerides remained
VLJQL¿FDQWDIWHUDGMXVWPHQWIRUDJHDQGERG\PDVVLQGH[ %0,  It is essential to monitor child malnutrition in order to verify
$OVROHSWRQZDVVWURQJO\FRUUHODWHGZLWKZDLVWVL]H U S SURJUHVV WRZDUGV WKH ¿UVW 0'* ³HQG SRYHUW\ DQG KXQJHU´
 KRZHYHULWVUHODWLRQVKLSWRWKHOLSLGSUR¿OHZDVZHDN UN member nations agreed to halve, between 1990 and
IRUFKROHVWHUROU SDQGIRUWULJO\FHULGHVU   WKH SURSRUWLRQ RI SHRSOH ZKR VXIIHU IURP KXQJHU 7KH
S DQGGLVDSSHDUHGDIWHUDGMXVWPHQWIRU%0, 81 VXJJHVWV DV DQ LQGLFDWRU WKH ³SUHYDOHQFH RI XQGHUZHLJKW
CONCLUSION: Our results show that leptin directly and FKLOGUHQXQGHU¿YH\HDUVRIDJH´1DWLRQDOKRXVHKROGVXUYH\V
adiponectin indirectly correlated with MetS in post menopausal are very costly, time consuming and only provide national
ZRPHQ\HDUVROG or regional data. Information about poverty stricken areas
or deprived populations is seldom obtained. In Brazil the
windows of opportunity offered by National Immunization
P98-18 'D\V 1,' ZHUHXVHGWRRYHUFRPHWKLVGLI¿FXOW\7KLVVWXG\
NUTRITIONAL OUTCOMES OF BOLSA FAMILIA describes large-scale Health and Nutrition Days (HND) held
PROGRAM: A BASELINE STUDY IN UNDER FIVE simultaneously with Immunizations Days. HNDs were carried
YEAR OLD CHILDREN FROM VULNERABLE RXW DPRQJ KLJKULVN FKLOGUHQ XQGHU ¿YH \UV ROG GXULQJ 
POPULATIONS IN BRAZIL 2007. Representative samples of children from the semi-arid
Pacheco Santos, Leonor1; 3DHV6RXVD5{PXOR2; Miazaki, UHJLRQ Q   DJUDULDQ UHIRUP VHWWOHPHQWV Q  
Édina S.1 LVRODWHG UXUDO EODFN FRPPXQLWLHV RU 4XLORPERODV Q  
1
University of Brasília, Brasília, DF, BRA; 2Escola de Governo DQG WKH $PD]RQ UHJLRQ Q   ZHUH VWXGLHG ,W ZDV
Sérgio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Brasília DF, BRA SRVVLEOH WR JHW HVWLPDWHV IRU PRUH WKDQ  PLOOLRQ FKLOGUHQ
from different subgroups of underprivileged populations, who
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Bolsa Familia (BF) is had never before been studied in such detail. Data was collected
the largest conditional cash transfer program in the world, about health and social welfare services; nutrition assessment
reaching 11.2 million families monthly. In Brazil Health and ZDV GRQH ZLWK WKH :+2  DQWKURSRPHWULF VWDQGDUG 7KH
Nutrition Days (HND) are conducted employing the windows highest prevalence of stunting (height for age below -2SD) was
of opportunity offered by National Immunization Days in order IRXQG DPRQJ FKLOGUHQ IURP$PD]RQ UHJLRQ  IROORZHG
to assess nutritional status of children from deprived areas. This FORVHO\E\FKLOGUHQIURPWKHUXUDOVHWWOHPHQWV$URXQGRI
article analyzed the effect of BF on anthropometric indicators children had a Child Health Card, but it was used for growth
based on data from HNDs. PRQLWRULQJLQRQO\RIFDVHV0RUHWKDQ¿YHSUHQDWDOFOLQLF
MATERIALS & METHODS: 7KHVDPSOHFRPSULVHG YLVLWVYDULHGIURPWRRIPRWKHUV7KHHGXFDWLRQGDWD
FKLOGUHQ XQGHU ¿YH IURP XQGHUSULYLOHJHG SRSXODWLRQV VHPL FRQ¿UPHG YHU\ SRRU VRFLDO FRQGLWLRQV DV LQGLFDWHG E\ 
arid region, agrarian reform settlements, the Amazon state and WR  KHDGV RI KRXVHKROG ZLWK OHVV WKDQ IRXU \HDUV RI
4XLORPERODFRPPXQLWLHV LVRODWHGUXUDOFRPPXQLWLHVRIVODYH schooling in the Amazon and rural settlements, respectively.
descendents ). The variables under study: child birth weight, The implementation of HNDs nested with NIDs proved feasible
SRVVHVVLRQ RI ELUWK FHUWL¿FDWH IDPLO\ KHDG HGXFDWLRQ IDPLO\ in Brazil and resulted in useful data for health policy-makers,
KHDGJHQGHUSLSHGZDWHUHOHFWULFLW\KHLJKWDJHZHLJKWDJHDQG obtained quickly and at a much lower cost than household based
ZHLJKWKHLJKWZHUHFRQYHUWHGLQWRELQDU\YDULDEOHVIRUORJLVWLF surveys. These windows of opportunity may be useful and are
regression analysis. valid whenever NIDs are conducted on a regular basis and
RESULTS & FINDINGS: There was low or moderate immunization coverage is very high.
variability between the studied groups regarding most of the
YDULDEOHVDQDO\]HGH[FHSWIRUWKHHGXFDWLRQOHYHORIWKHIDPLO\
KHDG&RQFHUQLQJH[SRVXUHWR%)FRYHUDJHUDQJHGIURP
WRPDPRQJWKHVHSRSXODWLRQJURXSV2GGVUDWLRVLQGLFDWHG
WKDWFKLOGUHQH[SRVHGWR%) KDGPRUHFKDQFHWRSUHVHQW
DSSURSULDWH KHLJKWDJH DQG ZHLJKWDJH ZKHQ FRPSDUHG WR
QRQ EHQH¿FLDULHV KHLJKWDJH 3RLQW HVWLPDWH  &, 
 S  ZHLJKWDJH 3RLQW HVWLPDWH  &,
S  %HVLGHV%)ELUWKZHLJKWZDVWKH
477
P98-20 and the socio-demographic factors associated with stunting
DIETARY INTAKES AND ANTIOXIDANT STATUS among urban Nigerian school children.
IN PRE- AND POST-MENOPAUSAL MIND-BODY MATERIALS & METHODS: Children from seven schools
EXERCISING THAI WOMEN in Abeokuta, a state capital in South west Nigeria were selected
Palasuwan, Attakorn1; Margaritis, Irène2; Ariyapitipun, using the multi staged random sampling technique.
Tipayanate; Sugaroon, Suphan; Rousseau, Anne-Sophie1 RESULTS & FINDINGS: 2XW RI  FKLOGUHQ   
1
University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis, NICE, USA; 2French ZHUH VWXQWHG 6LJQL¿FDQW ULVN IDFWRUV DVVRFLDWHG ZLWK VWXQWLQJ
Food Safety Agency, Maisons-Alfort, USA were attendance of public schools (p = 0.000), polygamous

Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, THA family setting (p = 0.001), low maternal education (p = 0.001)
and low social class (p = 0.000). Following logistic regression
RATIONALS AND OBJECTIVES: Nutritional adequacy and DQDO\VLVSRO\JDP\ 25 &, WRS  
moderate intensity physical activity are two aspects of a health- DQGORZPDWHUQDOHGXFDWLRQ 25 &, WR
promoting lifestyle. The question of whether regular practice of S  ZHUHWKHPDMRUFRQWULEXWRU\IDFWRUVWRVWXQWLQJ
PLQGERG\H[HUFLVHV \RJDRUWDLFKL DOWHUVGLHWDU\LQWDNHVDQG CONCLUSION: Stunting remains a common phenomenon
DQWLR[LGDQWVWDWXVDQGEDODQFHVWKHPHQRSDXVHUHODWHGLQFUHDVH among school children in Nigeria. Improvement of women
LQ OLSLG SHUR[LGDWLRQ DQG FDUGLRYDVFXODU ULVN LV DGGUHVVHG LQ education may help reduce stunting and its consequences.
this study.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: 1LQHW\ ¿YH SUH DQG SRVW
menopausal (PreM; PostM) Thai women completed 4-d food P98-23
and activity records. Each subject’s blood was sampled on EATING AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY BEHAVIOUR
GD\  )DFWRULDO $129$ WHVWV ZHUH SHUIRUPHG DFFRUGLQJ WR AMONG AFFLUENT ADOLESCENTS OF DELHI
PHQRSDXVH VWDWXV H[HUFLVH DQG KRUPRQH UHSODFHPHQW WKHUDS\ Seth, Upasna
(HRT) groups. University of Delhi, Delhi, IND
RESULTS AND FINDING:   DQG  RI ZRPHQ
UHDFKHG WKH  RI 7KDL 'LHWDU\ 5HIHUHQFH ,QWDNHV IRU LURQ OBJECTIVE: To study the eating and physical activity
calcium and vitamin C respectively. Yoga practitioners had low EHKDYLRUDPRQJDIÀXHQWDGROHVFHQWVRI'HOKL
BMI, energy and fat intakes compared to other groups. Plasma METHODS: 'LHWDU\ DQG SK\VLFDO DFWLYLW\ EHKDYLRU RI 
WRWDO DQWLR[LGDQW VWDWXV ZDV VLJQL¿FDQWO\ DQG LQGHSHQGHQWO\ DIÀXHQW DGROHVFHQWV  \HDUV ROG  ZHUH DVVHVVHG XVLQJ
lower and higher in yoga and PostM groups respectively. No questionnaire and 24 hour recall methods. Height and weight
difference was shown after adjusting for BMI. In PostM group, of the subjects were measured for BMI assessment. After
+57 XVHUV KDYH KLJKHU HU\WKURF\WH JOXWDWKLRQH SHUR[LGDVH suitably coding the data means, frequency charts, mean percent
*3[  DFWLYLW\ 5HJDUGOHVV RI PHQRSDXVDO VWDWXV SODVPD adequacy intakes of various food groups and nutrients as well as
DQG HU\WKURF\WH *3[ DFWLYLWLHV ZHUH KLJKHU LQ WDL FKL JURXS physical activity pattern were assessed.
compared with other groups. No effects were shown on plasma RESULTS: Skipping of meals, snacking, increased popularity
OLSLG SHUR[LGDWLRQ PDUNHU 7%$56  DQG WRWDO KRPRF\VWHLQH of fast foods and decreased physical activity were common
concentrations. behavior observed among adolescents. The percent adequacy
CONCLUSION: Dietary behavior is altered by yoga practice LQWDNH Q  RIIRRGJURXSVZDVZKHQFRPSDUHGWRVXJJHVWHG
ZKLOHWDLFKLPD\LPSURYHHQGRJHQRXVDQWLR[LGDQWGHIHQVHVLQ LQWDNHVE\,&05ZDVORZIRUFHUHDOV  SXOVHV  
both pre- and post-menopausal women. YHJHWDEOHV   DQG IUXLWV   ZDV DGHTXDWH IRU PLON DQG
PLONSURGXFWV  DQGZDVKLJKIRUVXJDU  DQGYLVLEOH
IDWRLOV  7KH SHUFHQW DGHTXDF\ LQWDNH RI QXWULHQW ZKHQ
P98-21 FRPSDUHG WR 5'$ ,&05  ZDV ORZ IRU HQHUJ\  
NUTRITIONAL STATUS AMONG RURAL PRIMARY SURWHLQ   LURQ   LQWDNH ZDV DGHTXDWH IRU FDOFLXP
SCHOOL CHILDREN IN HASHTROOD-TABRIZ-IRAN  YLWDPLQ$  $FFRUGLQJWR%0,DGROHVFHQWV
6HL¿0LQRRMohammad Purmokhaier, Zahra; 6HL¿0DVRXG ZHUHRYHUZHLJKWXQGHUZHLJKWDQGQRUPDO2QDQ
University of Medical Science, Tabriz-Iran, Tabriz, IRN average an adolescent spends 20-22 hours doing sedentary
activity and only an hour is spent on moderate activity which
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to further declines as age increases.
assess the nutritional status of rural primary school children in CONCLUSION: Inadequate eating behavior and inadequate
Hashtrood-Tabriz. physical activity among adolescent’s calls for need to develop
METHODS: This cross sectional study was carried out by an intervention programmed for promoting healthy eating,
UDQGRP V\VWHPDWLF VDPSOLQJ RQ  KHDOWK\ SULPDU\ VFKRRO active living and positive body image as part of their life.
FKLOGUHQ LQ +DVKWURRG >DJH $ <UV@DQG WKHQ KHLJKW + 
ZHLJKW : +$:$DQG:+ZHUHPHDVXUHGDQGFDOFXODWHG P98-24
DQG¿QDOO\WKHVHUHVXOWVFRPSDUHGZLWK 1&+6 VWDQGDUG CONTRIBUTION OF HIGHLY PROCESSED FOODS
RESULTS: The prevalence percentage of malnutrition TO NUTRITIONAL PATTERNS IN EUROPEAN
DFFRUGLQJWR:$+$:+LQGLFDWRUVZHUH POPULATIONS: EPIDEMIOLOGICAL EVIDENCES
respectively. AND NEW CHALLENGES
CONCLUSION: 7KLV ¿QGLQJ VKRZHG WKDW PDOQXWULWLRQ ZDV N. Slimani, G. Deharveng, DAT Southgate, C Biessy, V
a nutritional problem among rural primary school children in Chajès, on behalf of the EPIC network
Hashtrood, and suggested that nutritional education must be International Agency for research on Cancer (WHO), Lyon,
under taken for prevention of this problem. FRN

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: There is an increasing


P98-22 contribution of highly processed foods to diet but comparable
SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC DETERMINANTS OF data on their quantitative and qualitative contributions to dietary
STUNTING AMONG NIGERIAN SCHOOL CHILDREN and nutrient patterns are still sparse.
Senbanjo, Idowu O.; Oshikoya, Kazeem A. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Single highly standardized
Lagos State Univeristy College Of Medicine, Lagos, NGA +'5 REWDLQHG IURP  VXEMHFWV IURP WKH (3,&
international study. Foods were recoded as non-, moderately and
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Stunting is a form of chronic highly industrially and commercially processed foods. Their
malnutrition and it affects the physical and mental output of its UHVSHFWLYHFRQWULEXWLRQ  WRWKHFHQWUHGLHWDU\PHDQLQWDNHV
survivors. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence DQGSDWWHUQVRIVWDQGDUGL]HGQXWULHQWVZHUHFDOFXODWHG7KH
478
use of biomarkers of (industrially) processed foods completes SURSRUWLRQ XQGHUQXWULWLRQ PDOQRXULVKHG  DW ULVN  LQFUHDVHG
this analysis. IURP  IRU  \ WR  IRU ! \ 7RWDO PRUWDOLW\
RESULTS: Only beta-carotene and vitamin C had a contribution UDWHVZHUH UHVSHFWLYHO\GXULQJDPRQWK
IURPKLJKO\SURFHVVHGIRRGVEHORZLQ1RUGLFDQGFHQWUDO follow up (P<0.001). MNA also effectively predicted falls,
FRXQWULHV XS WR  IRU WKH RWKHUV  ,Q 0HGLWHUUDQHDQ hospitalization, ADL (Activities of Daily Living) status and
countries their contribution was lower and consisted largely of GHSUHVVLRQLQ
staple (processed) foods (e.g. milk, vegetable oils, pasta, bread) CONCLUSION: At a population level, MNA predicts long-
while more highly processed foods (e.g. crisp bread, breakfast term follow-up total mortality of Taiwanese elderly or near
cereals, margarine) contributed in Nordic and central European elderly. MNA also predicts long-term fall, hospitalization
centers. High ecological correlation (0.72) between elaidic acid and ADL. MNA should have value in health promotion at the
DQGPDUJDULQHVFRQ¿UPWKLVJHRJUDSKLFDOJUDGLHQW population level.
CONCLUSION: Highly industrially processed foods dominate
diets in Nordic and central European countries, with greater
variations in Mediterranean countries. A better understanding P98-27
of these patterns is crucial for evaluating and interpreting diet- THE EUROPEAN NUTRITION AND HEALTH REPORT
disease associations. (ENHR) 2009: THE BELGIAN EXPERIENCE
Verstraeten, Roosmarijn; Remaut - De Winter, Anne-Marie;
Kolsteren, Patrick W.
P98-25 Ghent University, Ghent, BEL
ASSESSING THE NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF
NURSING-HOME VETERANS WITH POPULATION- RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The main objectives of
SPECIFIC MINI NUTRITIONAL ASSESSMENT (MNA) this study were: (i) to construct an evidence-base of Belgian
IN TAIWAN data on food and nutrient intake and health and (ii) to identify
Tsai, Alan C.1; Lai, Ming-Chen2; Chang, Tsui-Lan1 current challenges and gaps of these collected data. Both
1
Asia University, Taichung, TWN; 2Puli Veterans Hospital, REMHFWLYHVZHUHIUDPHGZLWKLQWKHFRQWH[WRIWKH(1+5
Nantou, Taiwan, TWN MATERIALS AND METHODS: Secondary data collection
was done by consulting reports, articles, professionals and
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Elderly veterans of Taiwan institutes in the three Belgian regions.
KDYH XQLTXH OLIH H[SHULHQFHV DQG QXWULWLRQDO SUREOHPV 7KLV RESULTS AND FINDINGS: Even though a wide array
VWXG\ H[DPLQHG WKHLU QXWULWLRQDO VWDWXV DQG WKH LPSDFWLQJ of studies was retrieved, only few of them were nationally
factors. representative. In the studies conducted on national level not all
MATERIALS & METHODS: 2QH KXQGUHG VL[W\ 9HWHUDQ requested data were available for each age category; particularly
Administration Hospital-managed nursing home residents data on children and adolescents were lacking. Moreover if
ZHUH HYDOXDWHG ZLWK WZR PRGL¿HG YHUVLRQV RI WKH 0LQL these requested data were present, they were often collected
1XWULWLRQDO$VVHVVPHQW 01$ &1$4 &RXQFLORQ1XWULWLRQ differently.
$SSHWLWH 4XHVWLRQQDLUH  $'/ $FWLYLWLHV RI 'DLO\ /LYLQJ  CONCLUSIONS: 7KLV %HOJLDQ H[SHULHQFH VKRZV WKH QHHG
DQG ELRPDUNHUV 7KH PRGL¿HG 01$ YHUVLRQ  7  DGRSWHG for more national representative studies for all age categories
SRSXODWLRQVSHFL¿F DQWKURSRPHWULF FXWSRLQWV ZKLOH YHUVLRQ  DQGIRUDXQLIRUPGH¿QLWLRQRILQGLFDWRUVDQGPHWKRGRORJLHVRQ
(T2) further replaced calf-circumference (CC) for BMI in the national level. Therefore a consensus on country level is needed
scale. prior to the one on European level, especially within the ENHR
RESULTS & FINDINGS: T1 and T2 rated similar proportions 2009 framework.
 DQG   RI YHWHUDQV XQGHUQXWULWLRQ PDOQRXULVKHG
 DW ULVN RI PDOQXWULWLRQ  UHVSHFWLYHO\ EXW 7 UDWHG PRUH
malnourished and fewer at risk. Statistical analyses indicate P98-28
that T2 had better predicting ability; ADL and CC were the ASSESSMENT OF BODY COMPOSITION IN
major impacting factors; underweight and impaired ADL were CHILDREN BY BIOELECTRICAL IMPEDANCE AND
common among older veterans; but relatively few had severe SKINFOLD ANTHROPOMETRY
psychological stress. Vidueiros, Silvina M.1; Tarducci, Gabriel O.2; Morea,
CONCLUSION: The aging-associated nutritional problems Guillermo2; Bardach, Ariel2; Paganini, Amalia2; Dimarco,
are similar to that observed in non-veteran counterparts. Gabriela2; Aquino, Bernardo2; Calbe, Silvina2; Pallaro, Anabel
Increasing food intake and encouraging routine physical N.1
H[HUFLVHVHHPLPSRUWDQW 1
School of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, University of Buenos
Aires, Buenos Aires, ARG; 2School of Medical Science,
P98-26 University of La Plata, La Plata, ARG
THE MINI NUTRITIONAL ASSESSMENT (MNA) CAN
PREDICT LONG-TERM MORTALITY AND HEALTH This study is part of an intervention program related to
STATUS OF ELDERLY TAIWANESE overweight and obesity in children. Skinfold anthropometry
Tsai, Alan C.; Yang, Shu-Fang (SKF) and Bioelectrical impedance (BIA) were used to know
Asia University, Taichung, Taiwan, TWN the initial body fat mass (BF).

RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Nutritional assessment is AIM: to determine the level of agreement for BF measurement
important for identifying individuals for timely intervention by BIA and SKF, using Bland and Altman method. Subjects
WR SUHYHQW VHULRXV QXWULWLRQDO SUREOHPV 7KLV VWXG\ H[DPLQHG and methods: BF was calculated using Deurenberg for SKF and
the long-term mortality and health status predicting ability of 7 different algorithms (Deurenberg A y B, Schaeffer, Rush y
MNA. 6FKRHOOHU$%\& IRU%,$LQFKLOGUHQRIERWKVH[DJHG
MATERIALS & METHODS: We statistically analyzed EHWZHHQ\HDUV
DQGGDWDVHWVRIWKH³6XUYH\RI+HDOWKDQG/LYLQJ RESULTS: %) 6.) “DQGDYHUDJH%) %,$ 
Status of the Elderly in Taiwan”, a population-representative  “  &RQFRUGDQFHDQDO\VLV UHYHDOHGWKDW WKH DYHUDJH
ORQJLWXGLQDO VWXG\ LQ • \ VXEMHFWV 1   0RUWDOLW\ DQG GLIIHUHQFH EHWZHHQ 6.)%,$ ZDV YDULDEOH  WR   
health indicators were analyzed according to nutritional status DQGWKHVWDQGDUGGHYLDWLRQWRRZLGH WR 7KHDOJRULWKP
graded with MNA in 1999. 'HXUHQEHUJ$ KDG WKH PLQRU DYHUDJH GLIIHUHQFH RI   “
RESULTS & FINDINGS: 7DLZDQHVHVSHFL¿F01$ JUDWHG 
 PDOQRXULVKHG  DW ULVN DQG  QRUPDO 7KH CONCLUSION: Measurements of BF determined by these
479
algorithms for BIA gave poor agreement with SKF, thus the students and in nutrition students, knowledge levels and fried
results suggest the need to develop validated equations for BIA IRRGLQWDNHZDVUHODWHGVLJQL¿FDQWO\ 3 ,WZDVREVHUYHG
using reference methodology as deuterium dilution method. VLJQL¿FDQW GLIIHUHQFHV EHWZHHQ DWWLWXGH DQG GDLU\ SURGXFWV
This study is going on at present. intake in nutrition student whereas there was no in other group.
6XSSRUWHGE\8%$&\7%DQG$5&$/5/$ CONCLUSION: Nutritional knowledge and attitude related
VLJQL¿FDQWO\ ZLWK VRPH KLJK IDW IRRGV LQWDNH IULHG DQG GDLU\
products) in nutrition and non-nutrition students.
P99: Nutritional Assessment: Others III

P99-03
P99-01 ERYTHROCYTE PHOSPHOLIPID FATTY ACID
HOW DIETARY INTAKE METHODOLOGY IS PROFILE REVEALS SIGNIFICANTLY LOW n-3
ADAPTED FOR USE IN EUROPEAN IMMIGRANT LCPUFA CONTENTS IN VEGETARIANS AND VEGANS
POPULATION GROUPS – A REVIEW Kornsteiner, Margit; Elmadfa, Ibrahim
Ngo, E. Joy; Serra-Majem, Lluis University of Vienna, Vienna, AUT
Nutrition Research Foundation, Barcelona, ESP
OBJECTIVES: The quantity and quality of fat consumption
RATIONALE & OBJETIVES: The European Commission’s vary tremendously between different dietary-groups, and due to
(855(&$ 1HWZRUN RI ([FHOOHQFH DLPV WR HVWDEOLVK (XURSH the strong relationship with chronic diseases, it’s important to
wide consensus on evidence for micronutrient recommendations, DVVHVVIDWW\DFLGELRPDUNHUVZKLFKFORVHO\UHÀHFWWKHIDWLQWDNH
emphasizing nutritionally at-risk populations. A systematic of an individual.
literature search was conducted to identify currently used METHOD: To assess the essential fatty acid status in omnivores
methods and adaptations required for measuring dietary intake   YHJHWDULDQV   YHJDQV   DQG VHPLRPQLYRUHV  
in European immigrant groups. the fatty acid pattern in erythrocyte phospholipid-fractions were
MATERIALS & METHODS: A structured MEDLINE search, carried out with GC. Additionally, 24h recalls were collected to
UHODWHG UHIHUHQFHV DQG NH\ H[SHUW FRQVXOWDWLRQV ZHUH UHDOL]HG estimate the dietary intakes.
WDUJHWLQJDGXOWVIURPQRQ(& (&FRXQWULHV HWKQLFJURXSV RESULTS: The fatty acid analysis in the erythrocyte
having the largest populations in Europe. phospholipid-fractions showed that the four dietary-groups did
RESULTS:  DUWLFOHV ZHUH VHOHFWHG $OWKRXJK (DVWHUQ QRWGLIIHUVLJQL¿FDQWO\LQWKHVXPRIVDWXUDWHGPRQRXQVDWXUDWHG
Europeans, Turks, Africans, Asians and Latin Americans and polyunsaturated fatty acid status. Vegans and vegetarians
were the most numerous, intake data was not available for all. KDGVLJQL¿FDQWO\ORZHUFRQWHQWVRI&Q&QDQG&
,QWHUYLHZDGPLQLVWHUHG IRRGIUHTXHQF\ TXHVWLRQQDLUHV ))4  QLQSKRVSKDWLG\OFKROLQHDQGSKRVSKDWLG\OHWKDQRODPLQH
and repeated 24-hour recalls were the most frequently applied DOWKRXJK WKH\ FRQVXPHG KLJK DPRXQWV  ±  JG  RI WKH
LQVWUXPHQWV ,QFOXGLQJ HWKQLF IRRGV DQG TXDQWLI\LQJ VSHFL¿F SDUHQW ĮOLQROHQLF DFLG 0RGHUDWH U !   VLJQL¿FDQW
portion sizes of traditional foods and dishes in assessment tools correlations between the intake and content of linoleic acid,
DVZHOODVIRRGFRPSRVLWLRQGDWDEDVHVZHUHFRPPRQO\LGHQWL¿HG HLFRVDSHQWDHQRLF DQG GRFRVDKH[DHQRLF DFLG LQ GLIIHUHQW
SUREOHPV)RU))4VIRRGOLVWHODERUDWLRQQHHGHGWRUHÀHFWNH\ phospholipid-fractions were observed.
HWKQLFIRRGVDQGUHODWLYHFRQWULEXWLRQWRQXWULHQWLQWDNH([WUD CONCLUSION: 7RLPSURYHQ/&38)$VWDWXVLQYHJHWDULDQV
efforts were observed to overcome cultural barriers to study more emphasis should be put on their diet quality.
participation.
CONCLUSION: Evaluating dietary intake requires special
attention to various methodological aspects (sampling, P99-04
recruiting, instruments used, method of administration, food VALIDITY OF DIETARY DATA FROM STREET
composition database, acculturation, etc) to adequately address CHILDREN IN SABAH, MALAYSIA
sociocultural factors inherent in immigrant populations. Mohamed, Noraini N.; Ooi, Yasmin B.
Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, MYS

P99-02 RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: Accurate information about


ASSOCIATION BETWEEN KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE the quality and quantity of diet of street children is important
AND HIGH FAT FOODS INTAKE IN NUTRITION in developing interventions to overcome their health problems.
AND NON NUTRITION STUDENTS, AHWAZ JONDI- The objective is to investigate the validity of dietary data
SHAPOUR UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, gathered from street children.
IRAN MATERIALS & METHODS: Randomly selected street
Seyede Tayebeh Rahideh1, Fatemeh Sadat Amiri2 children in Tawau town (n=24, 17 males & 7 females, aged
1
Department of Nutrition, School of Paramedicine, Ahwaz  WR \  FRPSOHWHG D VLQJOH KRXU UHFDOO 3RUWLRQ VL]HV
Jondi-Shapour University of Medical Science, IRN; were estimated as standard ‘as bought’. BMR was calculated
2
Department of Nutrition, School of Health, Iran University of XVLQJ VH[VSHFL¿F HTXDWLRQV 3RK HW DO   IRU 0DOD\VLDQ
Medical Sciences, IRN adolescents. Under-reporters of energy intake (EI) were
LGHQWL¿HGDV(,%05
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to consider high-fat RESULTS & FINDINGS: +HLJKWIRUDJH VL[   ZHUH
foods intake in nutrition and non-nutrition students associated QRUPDO HOHYHQ   ZHUH XQGHUZHLJKW DQG VHYHQ  
with knowledge and attitude levels. ZHUHVWXQWHG :+2FKDUW ZLWKWKHLU(,QRWVLJQL¿FDQWO\
MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, GLIIHUHQW “ “ DQG “ NFDOG
nutritional knowledge, attitude and high fat foods intake was UHVSHFWLYHO\ (, ZDV “ RI WKH UHFRPPHQGHG OHYHO
HYDOXDWHG  QXWULWLRQ DQG  QRQQXWULWLRQ VWXGHQWV HQWHUHG $OOVXEMHFWVXQGHUUHSRUWHGWKHLU(, PHDQ(,%05 “ 
to study, randomly. High fat foods intake assessment included 7KHVH¿QGLQJVFRXOGQRWEHH[SODLQHGE\XQGHUHVWLPDWLRQRI
intake of dairy products, meats, oils, fried and fast foods. SRUWLRQVL]HV,WFRXOGSRVVLEO\H[SODLQSUHVHQWDWLRQRIVWXQWLQJ
RESULTS: 1XWULWLRQ VWXGHQWV FRQVXPHG  KLJK IDW GDLU\ EXWFRXOGQRWEHFRQ¿UPHGZLWKRXWFRKRUWVWXGLHV
SURGXFWV  KLJK IDW PHDWV  IULHG IRRGV DQG  IDVW CONCLUSION: Cross sectional diet recall method is not
IRRGVZKHUHDVQRQQXWULWLRQVWXGHQWVFRQVXPHGKLJKIDW suitable for use in street children.
GDLU\ SURGXFWV  KLJK IDW PHDWV  IULHG IRRGV DQG 
IDVW IRRGV 7KHUH ZDV VLJQL¿FDQW GLIIHUHQFH LQ GDLU\ SURGXFWV
intake between the groups (P: 0.007). In spite of non-nutrition
480
P99-05 More emphasis needs to be placed on diets of children to avoid
RISK FACTORS FOR OSTEOPOROSIS AMONG chronic health conditions in the future.
WOMEN OF HEALTHCARE PROVIDERS AND WHO
ATTENDING HEALTH CENTERS IN TABRIZ, IRAN
Rafraf, Maryam P99-07
Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IRN NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF WOMEN OF
REPRODUCTIVE AGE AND ITS RELATION TO
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Osteoporosis is a worldwide FOOD INSECURITY AND INFECTIONS IN RURAL
health concern. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was TANZANIA
to assess risk factors, and delineate the situation of healthy Temu, Alice G.1; Kinabo, Joyce2; Mamiro, Peter2; Prokop,
behaviors associated with osteoporosis among women of health Sylvana; Msuya, John2; Hoffmann, Ingrid; Krawinkel,
care providers and who attending health centers in Tabriz, Iran. Michael
MATERIALS & METHODS: Subjects included randomly 1
Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, Giessen, DEU; 2Sokoine
 FKLOGEHDULQJ DJH ZRPHQ DQG  KHDOWKFDUH SURYLGHUV University of Agriculture, Morogoro, TZA; University of
By interviewing to each subject questionnaires about general Giessen, Giessen, DEU
characteristics, and food habits (food frequency questionnaire),
and physical activity were completed. Weight and height of Poor maternal nutrition is known to be one of the major causes
them were measured and BMI was calculated. of poor maternal health, especially in developing countries.
RESULTS: Results indicated that, mean of the frequency of Maternal mortality rate in Tanzania stagnated at a high level
milk, cheese, and fruits consumption’s in healthcare providers  IRUDERXWDGHFDGH7KHUDWLRRIDZRPDQ¶VULVNRI
ZHUH VLJQL¿FDQWO\ KLJKHU “ S  “ dying from treatable or preventable complications of pregnancy
S  DQG “S  UHVSHFWLYHO\  WKDQ WKDW and childbirth is 1 in 24. This study assessed the nutritional and
RI ZRPHQ DWWHQGLQJ KHDOWK FHQWHUV ““DQG KHDOWK VWDWXV RI  ZRPHQ DJHG  \HDUV LQ ,ULQJD 5XUDO
“UHVSHFWLYHO\ )UHTXHQF\RIGDUNYHJHWDEOHVDQGVRPH District, Tanzania to develop suitable guidelines to improve
foodstuffs consumption’s which have deteriorated effects on their health and livelihoods.
FDOFLXPVWDWXVVXFKDVVRIWGLQNVDQGSLFNOHVZHUHVLJQL¿FDQWO\ A randomized cross-sectional survey was conducted between
KLJKHU S LQZRPHQDWWHQGLQJKHDOWKFHQWHUVFRPSDULQJ )HEUXDU\DQG$SULO,QIRUPDWLRQRQVRFLDOGHPRJUDSKLF
to healthcare providers. Majority of subjects in both studied nutrition and health indicators were collected. The nutritional
groups had physical activity at low or moderate levels. Mean of status was assessed by BMI, retinol-binding protein and
BMI were in overweight range in two groups, however obesity hemoglobin concentration; health status by clinical signs,
was more prevalent in women attending health centers. symptoms and plasma levels of C-reactive protein and acid
CONCLUSION: As a conclusion, healthcare providers had glycoprotein.
better food habits in relationship to osteoporosis than that of 2IDOOZRPHQZHUHYLWDPLQ$GH¿FLHQWVHYHUH7KH
women attending health centers. Two groups of women were SUHYDOHQFH RI DQHPLD ZDV   VHYHUH &RH[LVWHQFH RI
not practicing appropriate lifestyle to decrease their risk of PLFURQXWULHQWGH¿FLHQFLHVDQGDVVRFLDWLRQVRIGH¿FLHQFLHVZLWK
osteoporosis such as inadequate physical activity. Obesity was food insecurity and infections were observed.
a healthy problem especially among women attending health 7KH ¿QGLQJV LQGLFDWH WKDW WKHUH LV D KLJK SUHYDOHQFH RI
centers.Establishment of educational workshops to healthcare malnutrition among women of reproductive age. This highlights
providers and obligate them to proper consultation with women urgent-need of improving maternal nutrition and health in
attending health centers is suggested as a suitable approach for Tanzania if we are to attain the millennium development goal.
preventive of osteoporosis in studied community.

P99-06 P99-08
MICRONUTRIENT INTAKES IN CHILDREN WITH INTERELATIONSHIP AMONG FAST FOOD,
CEREBRAL PALSY DIETARY HABITS AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF
Schoendorfer, Niikee C.1; Tinggi, Ujang2; Boyd, Roslyn1; ADOLESCENTS 13-18 YEARS LIVING IN JEDDAH
Vitetta, Luis1; Davies, Peter S.1 Ageeb, Maha B.1; Washi, Sidiga A.2
1
7KH8QLYHUVLW\RI4XHHQVODQG+HUVWRQ4XHHQVODQG 1
Saudi German Hospital Group, Jeddah, SAU; 2United Arab
AUS; 24XHHQVODQG+HDOWK)RUHQVLFDQG6FLHQWL¿F6HUYLFHV Emirates University, AL-Ain, ARE
0DFJUHJRU4XHHQVODQG$86
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Dietary changes are fast
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Cerebral palsy (CP) is occurring in Saudi Arabia with western fast food replacing the
DVVRFLDWHGZLWKXQGHUQXWULWLRQDQGVXEVHTXHQWJURZWKGH¿FLWV fruit and vegetable component of the traditional Arabia diet.
Much research has focused on subjective energy intakes and The prevalence of over-weight and obesity increased among
EDODQFLQJ H[SHQGLWXUH ZLWK QR LQIRUPDWLRQ WR GDWH RQ DFWXDO children and adolescents in Jeddah. The main purpose of this
micronutrient intakes. study is to assess the interrelationship among the above using
MATERIALS & METHODS: As part of a larger study we are anthropometric, biochemical and clinical measurements and
collecting three-day food replica intakes of children with severe tests.
CP and control children. These composite samples are being MATERIALS & METHODS: The study was a prospective,
analysed for actual mineral, trace element and protein content. descriptive and cross-sectional one. Demographic,
RESULTS & FINDINGS: Preliminary analyses showed anthropometric, dietary, biochemical and clinical data was
LQVXI¿FLHQW LQWDNHV RI FRSSHU $,  DQG PDQJDQHVH  collected from adolescents at the Saudi German Hospitals
$,  DORQJ ZLWK FDOFLXP  5',  DQG SRWDVVLXP $,  *URXS±-HGGDKDQGUHFRUGHGLQDTXHVWLRQQDLUH
in both groups irrespective if they were enterally fed. One of RESULTS & FINDINGS: Positive statistical relationships
the enterally fed children was also consuming less than the were found between high carbohydrate intake, intake of snacks
UHFRPPHQGHG GDLO\ LQWDNH RI PDJQHVLXP   SKRVSKDWH DQG PRUH PHDOV SHU GD\ DQG LQFUHDVH LQ %0,  RI WKH
 DQGLRGLQH  DFFRUGLQJWRWKHLUGLHWDU\SUHVFULSWLRQ participants’ families were of low income Macronutrient intake
Remaining composite data will be collected, analysed and was more from carbohydrates and fat whereas micronutrient
discussed. intakes were lower than the (DRIs). The percentages of energy
CONCLUSION: Children with CP are documented to have GHULYHG IURP FDUERK\GUDWHV IDWV DQG SURWHLQV ZHUH 
issues with osteopenia and spontaneous fractures. Our data DQGUHVSHFWLYHO\ ,QWDNHVRIFDOFLXPSRWDVVLXP
VKRZV WKDW LQVXI¿FLHQW LQWDNHV RI FDOFLXP H[LVW LQ WKLV JURXS LURQ]LQFDQG¿EHUZHUHLQDGHTXDWH
despite being on enteral formulas and under dietetic supervision. CONCLUSION: Dietary knowledge; dietary intake; promoting
481
healthier eating patterns and sedentary lifestyle changes are P99-11
needed. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN OBESITY AND PARITY
AMONG WOMEN IN ISFAHAN, IRAN
Nasr Esfahani, Elahe; Karandish, Majid
P99-09 Ahwaz Jondi-Shapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahwaz,
ANTHROPOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE Khouzestan, IRN
ELDERLY PEOPLE IN LAKE VICTORIA BASIN OF
EAST AFRICA RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Since the prevalence
Maureen, Cheserek J.1; Judith, Waudo2; Tuitoek, Tuitoek J.1; of obesity is very high among women, searching possible
John, Msuya; Joyce, Kikafunda4 contributory factors is strongly recommended. Aim of this
1Egerton University, Nakuru, KEN; 2Kenyatta University, study was to determine the relationship between obesity and
1DLUREL.(16RNRLQH8QLYHUVLW\0RURJRUR7$1 parity among women in Isfahan, located at the central region
4Makerere University, Kampala, UGA of Iran.
MATERIALS & METHODS: A group of 121 women
Malnutrition among the elderly in the developing countries is DJH  WR  \HDUV  LQ ,VIDKDQ ZHUH UDQGRPO\ VHOHFWHG $
a public health concern. The study was to assess the nutritional questionnaire compiled for collecting required data about
status of elderly living around Lake Victoria. A cross- parity history. Current anthropometric measurements were
sectional study was carried out in Kisumu, Jinja and Mwanza. carried out according to World Health Organization’s standard
Anthropometric measurements were obtained from 227 men protocols. According to parity, participants were divided into
DQG  ZRPHQ DJHG  \HDUV 6HOHFWHG DQWKURSRPHWULF three categories as follows: 1) nulliparity, 2) one or two parities,
measurements were taken by trained personnel. Among the DQG PRUHWKDQWZRSDULWLHV&KLVTXDUHZDVXVHGWRWHVWWKH
kyphotic respondents, arm span was used to estimate height relationship between obesity and parity.
XVLQJ VH[VSHFL¿F UHJUHVVLRQ HTXDWLRQV GHULYHG IURP WKH QRQ RESULTS & FINDINGS: 0HDQ RI ERG\ PDVV LQGH[ ZDV
N\SKRWLF UHVSRQGHQWV %RG\ PDVV LQGH[ DQG FRUUHFWHG DUP VLJQL¿FDQWO\ORZHULQQXOOLSDURXVZRPHQFRPSDUHGWRWKHRWKHU
muscle area were computed using standard equations. The WZR JURXSV S”  $ VWDWLVWLFDOO\ VLJQL¿FDQW UHODWLRQVKLS
results indicated that women had larger triceps skin folds and ZDVIRXQGEHWZHHQREHVLW\DQGSDULW\ S” 7KHKLJKHVW
mid upper arm circumference than men but men were taller risk of obesity was observed in the women with more than two
and heavier than women. Arm muscle area, which is important parities.
in relation to the ability to remain active and independent was CONCLUSION: Taking into account the parity as a risk factor
QRW VLJQL¿FDQWO\ GLIIHUHQW LQ DOO DJH JURXSV S    7KH for obesity providing suitable nutrition education to women is
SUHYDOHQFHRIXQGHUQXWULWLRQ %0,.JP ZDV suggested.
LQ PHQ DQG  LQ ZRPHQ  2YHUZHLJKWREHVH %0, • 
.JP ZDVDQGLQPHQDQGZRPHQUHVSHFWLYHO\
,QFRQWUDVWXVLQJ08$&RQO\DQGZRPHQZHUH P99-12
FODVVL¿HG DV XQGHUQRXULVKHG %RWK XQGHU QXWULWLRQ DQG RYHU DOCUMENTATION OF COMPARABLE PHYSICAL
QXWULWLRQH[LVWLQ/DNH9LFWRULD%DVLQ ACTIVITY ASSESSMENT IN THE EUROPEAN UNION
FOR THE EUROPEAN NUTRITION AND HEALTH
REPORT 2009
P99-10 Putz, Peter; Elmadfa, Ibrahim
COMPARATIVE USE OF MUAC AND WEIGHT FOR University of Vienna, Vienna, AUT
HEIGHT PERCENT MEDIAN AS DETERMINANTS OF
NUTRITIONAL STATUS IN YOUNG CHILDREN IN RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: In the European Nutrition
THE TONJ SOUTH CMAM PROJECT and Health report (ENHR 2004), data from eight European
Ouma, Cyprian countries were considered. Data sets were not comparable
World Vision International, Mississauga, Ontario, KEN among each other. The EC funded project ENHR II aims to
merge the meanwhile available comparable data.
RATIONALE / OBJECTIVE:([WHQVLRQZRUNHUVFRPPXQLW\ MATERIALS AND METHODS: By now, four studies have
EDVHGYROXQWHHUVDQGEHQH¿FLDULHVKDYHUDLVHGFRQFHUQVDERXW generated comparative data about physical activity in the EU.
WKH FRPSOH[LW\ DQG LQVHQVLWLYLW\ RI XVLQJ ZHLJKWIRUKHLJKW Chronologically ordered these are: the European Food Study,
(WFH) in comparison to the mid-upper arm circumference WKH(83$66WKH(XUREDURPHWHUDQGWKH(XUREDURPHWHU
(MUAC) for determining the nutritional status of children in  )RU LQVWDQFH GDWD DERXW IUHTXHQF\ DQG GXUDWLRQ RI
South Sudan. A comparative study was conducted to compare moderate and vigorous physical activity of adults in each of
the sensitivity of two nutrition indicators. the 24 collaborating countries were collected as part of the
MATERIALS, METHODS: Between June 2007 and January VXUYHLOODQFHIRUWKH(XUREDURPHWHU
VHYHUHO\PDOQRXULVKHGFKLOGUHQJUHDWHUWKDQPRQWKV RESULTS AND FINDINGS: Highest amounts of physical
old were admitted using the criteria that combines both MUAC activity were reported in the Baltic countries and in the
DQG:)+7KHFKLOGUHQZLWKD08$&FPVDQGRUWKH Netherlands. Lowest values were reported in Spain, Sweden,
presence of edema were directly admitted into the Outpatient and Ireland. An overview about the activeness of European
Therapeutic Program, regardless of their WFH percentage countries will be provided.
of the median. The children with a MUAC >=11.0cm and CONCLUSION: Obviously, it is not possible to compare
FPDQGWKHDEVHQFHRIHGHPDXQGHUZHQWIXUWKHUVFUHHQLQJ ¿QGLQJV IURP VWXGLHV XVLQJ GLIIHUHQW PHWKRGV 7KHUHIRUH
using a WFH percentage of the median. The children whose reliable and validated methods (questionnaires, measurements)
:)+SHUFHQWDJHRIWKHPHGLDQZDVIRXQGWREHZHUHDOVR are recommended to be used in future studies.
admitted to the Outpatient Therapeutic Programme.
RESULTS AND FINDINGS: The combination of the two
GLIIHUHQW DQWKURSRPHWULF PHDVXUHV UHYHDOHG    ZHUH
LGHQWL¿HGDVVHYHUHO\PDOQRXULVKHGXVLQJ08$&  
ZHUHLGHQWL¿HGEDVHGRQ:)+ZHUHDGPLWWHGGXHWRRWKHU
FXOWXUDORUFOLQLFDOUHDVRQVDQG FKLOG ZDVDGPLWWHGGXH
to edema.
CONCLUSION: MUAC is a more sensitive nutritional status
indicator than the WFH percentage of the median for the
children of Southern Sudan.
482
P99-13 evaluation or assessment before program implementation, the
KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES AND PRACTICES OF anthropometry component must be implemented under certain
NUTRITION AMONG MOTHERS OF CHILDREN conditions and constraints as well as coordinated and integrated
WITH SPECIAL NEEDS IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS with the overall survey and its other components.
UNDER SPECIAL EDUCATION PROGRAM AROUND The purpose of this presentation is to illustrate the essential
GOMBAK, KUALA LUMPUR AREA components of anthropometry training in a variety of settings;
Rajikan, Roslee B; case studies of national and regional surveys over the past four
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, MYS decades will be cited.

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Mother’s nutritional


knowledge may have an effect on the nutritional aspect of P99-15
children with special needs because the food given to the NUTRITION BEHAVIOUR AND FOOD CHOICE
children is always prepared by the mother. This study was MOTIVES OF PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN
conducted to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices LIVING IN NUREMBERG, GERMANY WITH
of nutrition among mothers of children with special needs DIFFERENT SOCIOECONOMIC BACKGROUND
in 2 primary schools under the special education program in RESULTS FROM THE STUDY “NUTRITIONAL AND
Gombak, Kuala Lumpur area. HEALTH BEHAVIOUR OF CHILDREN IN LOW-
MATERIAL AND METHOD: This cross sectional study INCOME FAMILIES”
LQYROYHG  PRWKHUV DJHG  \HDUV ROG $QWKURSRPHWULF Leonhäuser, Ingrid-Ute; Walter, Carina
measurements including weight, height, waist circumference Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, Giessen, DEU
DQG ERG\ PDVV LQGH[ ZHUH FROOHFWHG WR HYDOXDWH WKHLU
nutritional status. A questionnaire consisted of assessment PURPOSE: In health-related studies children from families with
on sociodemographic aspect and knowledge, attitudes and low socioeconomic status (SES) are often underrepresented. The
practices of nutrition were administered to determine the study aims to analyze socioeconomic differences in nutrition
subjects’ nutritional knowledge status. behavior including food choice motives of fourth grade school
RESULTS AND FINDINGS: The anthropometric assessments children living in Nuremberg, Germany.
VKRZHGWKDWRIWKHVXEMHFWVZHUHFODVVL¿HGWREHHLWKHU METHODS: In this cross-sectional study children completed
RYHUZHLJKWRUREHVHDFFRUGLQJWRWKHLU%0,RIVXEMHFW a standardized questionnaire including a short food-frequency-
KDYH ZDLVW FLUFXPIHUHQFH PRUH WKDQ FP DQG  KDYH questionnaire followed by questions on their food choice
unhealthy high level of body fat. The mean score for general motives to asses their nutrition behavior. Families’ socio-
QXWULWLRQNQRZOHGJHZDVZKLOHWKHPHDQVFRUH demographic indicators were derived by telephone interviews
RIQXWULWLRQNQRZOHGJHIRUFKLOGUHQZLWKVSHFLDOQHHGVZDV with parents. For statistical analyses SPSS was used.
3HDUVRQFRHI¿FLHQWFRUUHODWLRQVKRZHGQRVLJQL¿FDQW RESULTS: Socioeconomic differences (low, middle, high)
correlation between BMI, waist circumference, levels of body H[LVW LQ FKLOGUHQ DJHG  “  \HDUV Q   FRQFHUQLQJ
fat and score of general nutrition knowledge. All subjects had their consumption of an inappropriate diet (p=0,01). However
positive attitudes towards food and nutrition. This study also VRFLRHFRQRPLFGLIIHUHQFHVGRQRWH[LVWIRUWKHPDLQIRRGFKRLFH
IRXQGWKDWRIVXEMHFWVRIWHQKDGPHDOVDWKRPH motives: Children of all SES-groups mainly choose the food
KDGEUHDNIDVWHYHU\GD\KDGVQDFNVDQGKDGWDNHQ they are offered it at home.
fast food at least once a week CONCLUSION: /RZ6(6IDPLOLHVQHHGPRUHH[WHUQDOVXSSRUW
CONCLUSION: This study showed that the mothers’ nutritional from local networks to help them implementing healthier food
knowledge was moderately satisfactory and they have positive choices leading to more appropriate nutrition behavior in their
nutrition attitudes and practices. However, anthropometric daily routines. All day schools could offer those chances for all
measurements indicates that majority of them are overweight families.
and obese and have high risk for chronic diseases.

P100: Nutrition Assessment of Hospitalized Patients III


P99-14
ESSENTIAL COMPONENTS OF ANTHROPOMETRY
TRAINING P100-01
Shorr, Irwin J. SYSTEMIC ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION CAN BE
The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public INFLUENCED BY THE CHANGED BODY MASS?
Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA Bernardi, Julia Laura D.1; Portero-McLellan, Katia C.1;
Frenhani, Patricia B.1; Leandro-Merhi, Vania A.1; Panigassi,
The anthropometric measurements of height and weight of Giseli2
preschool-age children often are included in a variety of data 1
3RQWL¿FLD&DWKROLF8QLYHUVLW\&DPSLQDV6386$2Unicamp,
collection efforts since they are valuable tools for assessing Jaguariuna - São Paulo, BRA
health and nutritional status. Anthropometry has been used
in settings where either individuals are visited in their homes RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: The objective was to
or convene in groups for growth monitoring, cross-sectional determine the anthropometric status of patients, which
household surveys, nutrition surveillance, screening and presented systemic arterial hypertension, associated with both
assessment in emergency situations such as refugee populations, cardiovascular and renal diseases.
hospitals and clinics. MATERIALS & METHODS: From February to April 2007 a
Although great emphasis has been placed on anthropometry cross-section survey was carried out with 74 inpatients from the
in these settings, the level of effort necessary to implement Brazilian University Hospital, which presented isolated arterial
an anthropometric training program, data collection and hypertension or associated with both cardiovascular and renal
DSSURSULDWHTXDOLW\FRQWUROLQWKH¿HOGRIWHQLVXQGHUHVWLPDWHG diseases. The assessment was performed using the variables
in terms of time, technical inputs and logistics. Areas of quality VH[DJH%RG\0DVV,QGH[ %0, DQG0LG$UP&LUFXPIHUHQFH
FRQWUROVXFKDVDQWKURSRPHWULFVWDQGDUGL]DWLRQWHVWLQJDQG¿HOG (MAC).
VXSHUYLVLRQDUHRIWHQFRPSURPLVHGDVZHOODVWUDLQLQJH[HUFLVHV RESULTS & FINDINGS:  RI WKH LQSDWLHQWV ZHUH
qualitative and quantitative checks on anthropometric data in IHPDOH PRUH WKDQ  \HDUV 7KH K\SHUWHQVLRQ ZDV DVVRFLDWHG
WKH¿HOG ZLWK FDUGLRYDVFXODU GLVHDVH LQ  7KH %0, VKRZHG
When anthropometry is a component of a national or regional RYHUZHLJKW LQ  RI PDOH DQG  RI IHPDOH OHVV WKDQ
household survey or smaller survey as part of program \HDUV(XWURSKLDZDVIRXQGLQRIPDOHDQG
483
of elderly female. The MAC showed eutrophia for adults, both P100-04
PDOHDQGIHPDOHDQGDOVRDPXVFOHGH¿FLWIRUHOGHUO\PDOH CLINICAL AND DIETARY MANIFESTATIONS
CONCLUSION: The systemic arterial hypertension was OF CARDIOVASCULAR PATIENTS WITH
LQÀXHQFHGE\DQWKURSRPHWULFVWDWXVLQK\SHUWHQVLYHLQSDWLHQWV OSTEOPOROSIS
which showed overweight and obesity. Pogozheva, Alla V.; %DWXULQ$OH[DQGHU.
Institute of Nutrition, Moscow, RUS

P100-02 OBJECTIVES: To study dietary and clinical status in patients


DETERMINANTS INFLUENCING THE DEGREE with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and low bone mineral
OF PATIENTS’ SATISFACTION WITH MEALS IN A density (BMD).
UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL MATERIAL & METHODS:  SDWLHQWV ZLWK RYHUZHLJKW
Coloço, Renata B.1; Holanda, Livia B.1; Portero-McLellan, DQG&9' DJHG H[DPLQHG%0'GLHWDU\LQWDNHIRUWKH
Katia C.1; Panigassi, Giseli2 ODVWPRQWKFDOFLXPXULQHH[FUHWLRQ
1
3RQWL¿FLD&DWKROLF8QLYHUVLW\&DPSLQDV63%5$2Unicamp, RESULTS: RISDWLHQWVKDGORZ%0' JURXS, DQG
Jaguariuna - São Paulo, BRA QRUPDO%0' JURXS,, %RG\PDVVLQGH[LQSDWLHQWVIURPJURXS
,ZDVJURXS,,±3DWLHQWVRIJURXS,KDGRVWHRSRURVLV
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: A hospital environment or osteopenia and more serious clinical manifestations of CVD:
KDV D QHJDWLYH LQÀXHQFH RQ SDWLHQWV¶ PHDO DFFHSWDQFH 7KH combination with hypertension, hyperlipoproteinemia and
objective is to identify the degree of patients’ satisfaction with higher frequency of different complaints. Energy consumption
meals offered in a hospital and its relation with the length of IRU JURXS , ZDV  NFDO SURWHLQ ±  RI HQHUJ\ IDW ±
stay, gender, and age. FDUERK\GUDWHV±FDOFLXPLQWDNHZDVPJGD\
MATERIALS & METHODS: SDWLHQWVZHUHLQWHUYLHZHG SKRVSKRUXV±PJGD\)RUJURXS,,NFDO
DJHG  WR  \HDUV PLQLPXP OHQJWK RI VWD\ RI  GD\V   PJGD\  PJGD\ DFFRUGLQJO\ &DOFLXP XULQH
and receiving oral feeding. A quantitative and qualitative H[FUHWLRQIRUJURXS,ZDVKLJKHU PJGD\ WKDQIRUJURXS
questionnaire was used to evaluate four meals offered by the ,, PJGD\ 
KRVSLWDOIRFXVLQJRQWKHIROORZLQJ¿YHDWWULEXWHVDSSHDUDQFH CONCLUSIONS: Manifestations of osteoporosis or
WHPSHUDWXUHÀDYRUVHUYLQJVL]HDQGFRXUWHV\ osteopenia in patients with CVD and low BMD are associated
RESULTS & FINDING: Gender and age, as well as type of diet ZLWKFDOFLXPXWLOL]DWLRQGLVRUGHUVDQGLQFUHDVHGRILWVH[FUHWLRQ
DQGOHQJWKRIVWD\KDYHLQÀXHQFHRQWKHGHJUHHRIVDWLVIDFWLRQ WKRXJKVXI¿FLHQWOHYHORIFDOFLXPLQWDNHZLWKIRRG
ZLWKWKHGLHW/RZVRGLXPGLHWDQGSDUWLDOO\OLTXH¿HGGLDEHWLF
low-sodium diet had the lowest degree of satisfaction for
WHPSHUDWXUHDSSHDUDQFHDQGÀDYRU P100-05
CONCLUSION: The study supported that gender and age, as MICRONUTRIENT STATUS IN CHILDREN WITH
ZHOO DV WKH WHPSHUDWXUH WKH ÀDYRU PRGL¿HG FRQVLVWHQF\ DQG CEREBRAL PALSY AND THE IMPACT OF A MAJOR
composition, are determinants of the degree of satisfaction of ORTHOPAEDIC SURGICAL INTERVENTION
the meals offered in the hospital. Schoendorfer, Niikee C.1; Boyd, Roslyn1; Vitetta, Luis2;
Davies, Peter S.1
1
7KH8QLYHUVLW\RI4XHHQVODQG+HUVWRQ4XHHQVODQG$86
2
P100-03 7KH8QLYHUVLW\RI4XHHQVODQG:ROORRQJDEED$86
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF DIET WITH SPECIAL
PRODUCT FOR PATIENT WITH OBESITY RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Cerebral palsy (CP) is
Pogozheva, Alla V. DVVRFLDWHGZLWKXQGHUQXWULWLRQDQGVXEVHTXHQWJURZWKGH¿FLWV
Institute of Nutrition, Moscov, RUS Much research has focused on anthropometric data and energy
intakes with little information available on other parameters.
OBJECTIVES: 7R VWXG\ WKH HI¿FDF\ RI VSHFLDO SURGXFW IRU Ensuring micronutrient adequacy may lead to improvements in
patients with of obesity. LPPXQH IXQFWLRQ LQÀDPPDWLRQ ZRXQG KHDOLQJ DQG FDWFK XS
MATERIAL & METHODS: 7KHUH KDYH EHHQ H[DPLQHG  growth in children.
patients with I-III-grade obesity and cardiovascular diseases. In MATERIALS & METHODS: We are currently conducting
GD\VSDWLHQWVRIFRQWUROJURXS DJHG“ ZHUH DQREVHUYDWRU\VWXG\RQOHYHOVRIPLFURQXWULHQWVDQWLR[LGDQWV
JLYHQNFDOHQHUJ\YDOXHGLHW ' SDWLHQWVRIRWKHUJURXS R[LGDWLRQLQÀDPPDWLRQDQGERG\FRPSRVLWLRQLQFKLOGUHQ
DJHG“ GLHWZLWKVSHFLDOSURGXFW '63 \RJXUW years with severe CP undergoing surgery (n=20) or not (n=20)
cocktail, contains plant fats, covered with oat oil. We have and comparing with typically developing children (n=20). Data
estimate of clinical, anthropometric and bioimpedansometric LVEHLQJFROOHFWHGRQRFFDVLRQVDWZHHNLQWHUYDOV
data, subjective evaluation of hunger, using the anorectic scale RESULTS & FINDINGS: Preliminary data indicate
and VAS. GLIIHUHQFHV H[LVW LQ KHLJKW ZHLJKW DQG %0, PHDVXUHV S
RESULTS: One bottle of SP drunk during breakfast decreased 0.0000) between subjects and controls. The lower bicarbonate
the subjective evaluation of hunger after 14 days of study S   DQG UDLVHG DQLRQ JDS S   LQ &3 PD\ LQGLFDWH
S  %RG\ PDVV LQGH[ UHGXFHG XQGHU WKH LQÀXHQFH RI metabolic acidosis and warrants further investigation. Data in
' DQG '63 FRPSULVHG IURP  “  WR  “  NJP relation to the surgery group is currently being collected and will
S!  DQG IURP  “  WR  “  NJP S  be discussed along with the remaining data yet to be analysed.
Fat mass quote reduced and fat free mass quote increased in all CONCLUSION: Healing outcomes may be augmented via
patients. DOOHYLDWLQJ DQ\ GH¿FLHQFLHV SUHVXUJHU\ DQG VXSSRUWLQJ WKHVH
CONCLUSION: The special product, containing plant fats, processes during recovery. Detecting and correcting marginal
covered with oat oil, help to eat less for patients with obesity. depletions in both surgical patients and other populations may
KDYHVLJQL¿FDQWSXEOLFKHDOWKLPSOLFDWLRQV

484
P100-06 P101-02
HOSPITAL-ACQUIRED MALNUTRITION IN SMALL DENSE LDL CONCENTRATION AND
CHILDREN WITH MILD CLINICAL CONDITIONS OXIDATIVE SUSCEPTIBILITY CHANGES AFTER
Angelo Campanozzi 1, Massimo Russo 2, Alessandra Catucci CONSUMPTION OF SOYBEAN OIL, RICE BRAN OIL,
1
, Irene Rutigliano 1, Gennaro Canestrino 1, Ida Giardino , PALM OIL, AND MIXED RICEBRAN/PALM OIL IN
Arturo Romondia 4, and Massimo Pettoello-Mantovani 1, HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIC WOMEN
1
Department of Medical Sciences, Pediatrics, University of Utarwuthipong, Teeranart
Foggia ITA; 2 Institute of Statistics, University of Foggia ITA; Graduate Programme of Nutrition, Institute of Nutrition,

Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Foggia Bangkok, THA
ITA; 4 Pediatric Unit, PublicCityHospital, OORR, Foggia, ITA;

World Health Policy Forum (WHPF), Giessen, GER The effects of a diet containing soybean oil (SBO), rice bran
RLO 5%2  SDOP RLO 32  RU D 5%232   PL[WXUH RQ
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the WKH FRQVXPSWLRQ DQG R[LGDWLRQ RI VPDOO GHQVH ORZGHQVLW\
incidence and risk factors of hospital-acquired malnutrition in OLSRSURWHLQV VG/'/ LQK\SHUFKROHVWHUROHPLFZRPHQZHUH
children with mild illness (grade 1 clinical conditions) and its LQYHVWLJDWHG 'XULQJ WKH ZHHN FRQWURO SHULRG SDUWLFLSDQWV
timing of occurrence. The aim of this study was to recognize consumed a free-choice weight-maintaining diet comprising
any early stages of denutrition and possible risk factors leading FDUERK\GUDWH ( SURWHLQ ( DQGIDW ( ZL\K
to nutritional deterioration in children hospitalized due to mild   PJGD\ RI FKROHVWHURO 'XULQJ HDFK  ZHHN VWXG\
clinical conditions. period, participants consumed this same diet but with the
MATERIALS & METHODS:  FKLOGUHQ DJH  DGGLWLRQRIRQHRIWKHWKUHHWHVWRLOVRUWKH5%232PL[WXUH
months) with mild clinical conditions were studied. Weight and 7RWDOFKROHVWHURODQG/'/FKROHVWHUROOHYHOVZHUHVLJQL¿FDQWO\
height were measured. Weight was assessed daily and Body- UHGXFHG GXULQJ 6%2 5%2 DQG 5%232 FRQVXPSWLRQ ZKLOH
0DVV,QGH[=VFRUHZDVFDOFXODWHGIRUDOOSDWLHQWV KLJKGHQVLW\OLSRSURWHLQFKROHVWHUROZDVVLJQL¿FDQWO\GHFUHDVHG
RESULTS & FINDINGS: &KLOGUHQZLWKD%RG\0DVV,QGH[ E\ 6%2 FRQVXPSWLRQ 7KHUH ZDV D VLJQL¿FDQW UHGXFWLRQ LQ
=VFRUH6'RQDGPLVVLRQVKRZHGDPHDQ%RG\0DVV,QGH[ sdLDL-cholesterol levels only after using SBO and it tended
ORVV DW WKH HQG RI WKHLU KRVSLWDO VWD\ ZKLFK ZDV VLJQL¿FDQWO\ WREHUHGXFHGLQGXULQJ5%232FRQVXPSWLRQZKHUHDVLWZDV
higher than in children who showed a better nutritional condition VLJQL¿FDQWO\LQFUHDVHGIROORZLQJ32FRQVXPSWLRQ7KHVG/'/
at admission. Risk factors for hospital-acquired malnutrition R[LGDWLRQODJWLPHZDVVLJQL¿FDQWO\LQFUHDVHGGXULQJ325%2
ZHUHDJHPRQWKVGXUDWLRQRIKRVSLWDOVWD\!GD\VIHYHU 32DQG5%2FRQVXPSWLRQEXWVLJQL¿FDQWO\UHGXFHGIROORZLQJ
and nighttime abdominal pain. 6%27KHUHVXOWVIRUWKH5%232PL[WXUHVXJJHVWWKDWWKLVRLO
CONCLUSION: Hospital stay has an impact on the nutritional PL[WXUHPLJKWIXUWKHUUHGXFHWKHULVNRIDWKHURVFOHURVLV
status of children affected by mild clinical conditions. Children
already malnourished on admission show to be at risk of further
nutritional deterioration during their hospital stay and in all P101-03
JURXSVRIFKLOGUHQLGHQWL¿HGE\WKHLU%RG\0DVV,QGH[=VFRUH THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN VISCERAL OBESITY
at admission the nutritional status declined progressively. IN PATIENTS WITH METABOLIC SYNDROME
AND SERUM CONCENTRATIONS OF CRP, IL-6 and
VISFATIN
P101: Novel Lipids Foroughi, Maryam1; Hosseinzadeh, Mohammad Javad1;
Zahedi-Asl, Saleh2; Hoseinpanah, Farhad
1
Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, IRN;
P101-01 2
Endocrine Research Center, Tehran, IRN; Research Institute
ENZYMATIC PREPARATION OF DHA-CONTAINING for En, Tehran, IRN
PHOSPHATIDYLSERINE FROM PHOSPHOLIPILDS
OF YELLOW TAIL ROE OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between serum
Hayashi, Masahiro; Nagano, Naoki concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP), Visfatin, and
University Of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, JPN LQWHUOHXNLQ  ,/  ZLWK REHVLW\ DQG YLVFHUDO DGLSRVLW\ LQ
patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS).
It has been reported that phosphatidylserine (PS) or MATERIALS & METHODS: $WRWDORISDWLHQWVZLWK0HW6
GRFRVDKH[DHQRLF DFLG '+$  LPSURYHG EUDLQ IXQFWLRQ IRU DQG  DJHPDWFKHG FRQWUROV ZHUH LQFOXGHG PHDQ DJH 
human. Both of them are commercialized as the functional “  \HDUV  0HWDEROLF V\QGURPH ZDV GH¿QHG E\ WKH FULWHULD
foods in Japan. However, PS that contains DHA is not available RI WKH LQWHUQDWLRQDO GLDEHWHV IHGHUDWLRQ $QWKURSRPHWULF
from edible source. In the present study, enzymatic preparation DQGELRFKHPLFDOSUR¿OHVLQFOXGLQJKLJKVHQVLWLYLW\&UHDFWLYH
RI '+$FRQWDLQLQJ 36 IURP SKRVSKROLSLGV LQ ¿VK URH ZDV SURWHLQ +V&53  LQWHUOHXNLQ DQG YLVIDWLQ ZHUH PHDVXUHG
investigated. Data were compared between groups by using t-test. Pearson’s
7KH SKRVSKROLSLGV LQ \HOORZWDLO URH ZHUH H[WUDFWHG ZLWK correlation was used to evaluate the relationship between
HWKDQRO DIWHU H[WUDFWLRQ RI QHXWUDO OLSLGV ZLWK DFHWRQH  0DMRU FRQWLQXRXVYDULDEOHV3YDOXHVOHVVWKDQZDVFRQVLGHUHGDV
phospholipid in the roe was phosphatidylcholine (PC). The VWDWLVWLFDOO\VLJQL¿FDQW
SKRVSKROLSLGVZHUHULFKLQ'+$DWVQSRVLWLRQ LQWKH RESULTS: ,Q SDWLHQWV ZLWK 0HW6 &53 DQG ,/ ZHUH
total fatty acid at sn-2) The phospholipids were converted into VLJQL¿FDQWO\ FRUUHODWHG ZLWK %0, ZDLVW FLUFXPIHUHQFH DQG
PS by phospholipase D (PLD, Actinomadula sp.). The PC of ZDLVWKLSUDWLR9LVIDWLQOHYHOZDVVLJQL¿FDQWO\ 3 ORZHU
yellowtail roe were more rapidly converted into PS compare to in metabolic syndrome patients compared with controls (log
that of soybean. As for the yield of PS from PC, the PC from YLVIDWLQ  “ QJPO YV  “  QJPO 0HW6 YV
yellowtail roe gave the lower yield than soybean PC. Moreover, control group respectively). There was no correlation between
the higher molar ratio of L-serine to PC gave the higher yield visfatin levels and any anthropometric parameters in patients
of the PS. Under the optimum condition, the conversion ratio with metabolic syndrome or control group.
of the DHA-containing PS from yellowtail PC was more than CONCLUSIONS: Serum visfatin was deacreased in
 patients with MetS. Therefore it seems that Visfatin cannot
EH FRQVLGHUHG DV D QHZ SURLQÀDPPDWRU\ DGLSRF\WRNLQH LQ
metabolic syndrome. But the positive associations of obesity
and visceral adiposity with elevated cytokine levels suggest the
importance of reducing obesity and visceral adiposity to prevent
the risk of coronary disease.
485
P101-04 P101-06
DOCOSAHEXAENOIC ACID THROUGH ANTIOXIDATIVE ACTIVITY OF Harungana
CHILDHOOD: FUNCTIONAL ROLE, METABOLIC Madagascariensis BARK EXTRACT
ASSOCIATIONS AND THERAPEUTIC EFFECTS Nya Biapa, Prosper1; Ngogang, Jeanne Y.2; Oben1, Julius E.
Giovannini, Marcello; Verduci, Elvira; Paci, Sabrina; Cagnoli, 1
Yaounde, CMR; 2University of Yaounde I, CMR; Laboratory
Giacomo; Decarlis, Silvia; Salvatici, Elisabetta; Agostoni, of Nutrition and Nutritional Biochemistry, CMR
Carlo
University Of Milan, Milan, ITA OBJECTIVE: 7KH R[LGDWLYHVWUHVV LV D PDLQSUREOHPLQ RXU
society due to many health problems, to the economic and
BACKGROUND: 'RFRVDKH[DHQRLF DFLG '+$ &Q moral poverty. The objective of this study is to assess the
fatty acid) is a component of the nervous tissues that may have DQWLR[LGDQWDFWLYLW\RIK\GURHWKDQROLFEDUNH[WUDFWRI+DUXQJDQD
also metabolic effects. Its blood levels are mainly diet-related. madagascariensis.
METHODS: Description of published and unpublished trials METHODOLOGY: The male albino rats were used. Carbon
DQGFRKRUWVWXGLHVIURPRXU'HSDUWPHQWH[SORULQJWKHIXQFWLRQDO WHWUDFKORULGH &&/  LQ ROLYH RLO  Y  Y  VHUYHG DV DQ
role of DHA on neurocognitive function and visual performance R[LGL]LQJ DJHQW 7KH  'LPHWK\O VXOIR[LGH ZDV XVHG DV D
and the associations and effects in disorders of the fat and lipid GLOXHQW'LIIHUHQWGRVHVRIH[WUDFW JNJJNJDQG
metabolism. JNJ ZHUHDGPLQLVWHUHGRYHUDSHULRGRIGD\VIROORZHG
RESULTS: DHA supplementation of 20 mg per day through E\R[LGL]LQJDJHQW PONJGD\ WKHGD\VHYHQ7KHPDUNHUV
12 months resulted in one week anticipation for sitting alone RIR[LGDWLYHDWWDFNVXFKDV&$762'0'$7KLROV&DUERQ\OV
DQGWKUHHZHHNVDQWLFLSDWLRQIRUWKH¿UVWFRPSOHWHZRUGLQWHUP and Cholesterol membrane were measured.
KHDOWK\LQIDQWV $P-&OLQ1XWU $SRRU'+$VWDWXV RESULTS: Elevated values of carbonyl and declining values
is associated with the most unfavorable conditions of childhood of thiols in animals receiving only CCl4 were noted. These
REHVLW\ $FWD 3DHGLDWU   3HGLDWU 5HV  UHVXOWVUHYHDOWKHR[LGDWLRQRISURWHLQVIRUWKRVHDQLPDOV7KH
 QHZ GDWD VXEPLWWHG   '+$ VXSSOHPHQWDWLRQ DQLPDOV ¿UVW WUHDWHG ZLWK WKH H[WUDFW VKRZHG QR GLIIHUHQFH
in dietary treated dislipidemic children improved HDL-Chol compared to animals receiving DMSO. Thus, it presented a
while decreasing triglyceride levels (Abstract, ESPR Annual VLJQL¿FDQWFRUUHODWLRQEHWZHHQWKHWKLROVDQGFDWDODVH U 
Meeting, 2007). LCPUFA supplementation improved DHA p < 0.01) and between thiols and SOD (r = 0.74, p < 0.01).
status and visual acuity in older dietary treated Phenylketonuric 7KH WUHDWPHQW XVLQJ H[WUDFW KHOSV ORZHU YDOXHV RI 0'$7KH
(PKU) children after one year supplementation (J Pediatr 2000; DFWLYLW\RIWKHFDWDODVH &$7 DQGVXSHUR[LGHGLVPXWDVH 62' 
  7KH HIIHFWV RI '+$ VXSSOHPHQWDWLRQ LQ GLHWDU\ KDYHORZHUHGVLJQL¿FDQWO\ S LQDQLPDOVWKDWUHFHLYHG
WUHDWHG3.8LQIDQWVZLOOEHLQYHVWLJDWHGLQQH[W\HDUVZLWKLQD the CCl4 compared to other groups. A correlation was noted
multicentric EU project (Nutrimenthe). between these two enzymes (r = 0.72, p < 0.01).
CONCLUSIONS: DHA may have different functional, CONCLUSION: At the end of these results, we can say that
metabolic and therapeutic roles in childhood. WKHK\GURHWKDQROLFEDUNH[WUDFWRI+DUXQJDQDPDGDJDVFDULHQVLV
LV JLIWHG ZLWK DQWLR[\GDWLYH DFWLYLW\ 7KLV JLYHV LW D EHQH¿W
action for populations
P101-05
SERUM ViISFATIN CONCENTRATION IN PATIENTS
WITH METABOLIC SYNDROME P101-07
Hosseinzadeh, Mohammad Javad1; Foroughy, Maryam1; EFFECTS OF CONJUGATED LINOLEIC ACID (CLA)
Zahedi-Asl, Saleh2; Hoseinpanah, Farhad ON BODY COMPOSITION AND BONE MINERAL
1
Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, IRN; DENSITY IN POST-MENOPAUSAL WOMEN
2
Endocrine Research Center, Tehran, IRN; Obesity Research Tavakoli Darestani, Azadeh1; Tahbaz, Farideh; Amiri, Zohreh;
Center, Tehran, IRN Tavakoli Darestani, Reza2
1
Faculty of Nutrition Science and Food Technology, Tehran,
OBJECTIVE: 9LVIDWLQ LV D QHZO\ LGHQWL¿HG DGLSRF\WRNLQH IRN; 2Faculty of Medicine, Tehran, IRN
and recent studies indicate that visfatin may have potential
SURLQÀDPPDWRU\HIIHFWV6LQFHWKHUHODWLRQVKLSEHWZHHQVHUXP INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The effects of
visfatin levels and metabolic syndrome (MetS) has not been CLA on body composition and bone mineral density are
HVWDEOLVKHGWKHDLPRIWKLVVWXG\ZDVWRH[SORUHWKHDVVRFLDWLRQ controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the
between serum visfatin levels and anthropometric and metabolic effects of CLA on body composition and bone mineral density
syndrome and parameters. LQSRVW±PHQRSDXVDOZRPHQ
MATERIALS AND METHODS: $WRWDORISDWLHQWVZLWK SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a randomized,
0HW6 DQG  DJHPDWFKHG FRQWUROV ZHUH LQFOXGHG PHDQ DJH GRXEOHEOLQGSODFHERFRQWUROOHGWULDO6HYHQW\VL[KHDOWK\SRVW
 “  \HDUV  3DWLHQWV ZLWK 0HWDEROLF V\QGURPH ZDV PHQRSDXVDOZRPHQDJHG“\HDUVZLWK%0,“NJ
GH¿QHG E\ WKH FULWHULD RI WKH LQWHUQDWLRQDO GLDEHWHV IHGHUDWLRQ m2 participated in this study. Subjects were randomly allocated
 $QWKURSRPHWULF DQG ELRFKHPLFDO SUR¿OHV ZHUH WRJURXSV&/$JURXSUHFHLYHGJU&/$* FLV
measured. Also, serum Visfatin was measured using an enzyme trans-11: trans-10, cis-12) and control group had placebo (high
immunoassay (EIA) kit. Data were compared between groups ROHLF VDIÀRZHU  IRU  ZHHNV RQ D GDLO\ EDVLV 'XDO(QHUJ\
E\ XVLQJ WWHVW DQG 3HDUVRQ¶V FRUUHODWLRQ FRHI¿FLHQW ZDV XVHG ;5D\$EVRUSWLRPHWU\ZDVXVHGWRPHDVXUHERG\FRPSRVLWLRQ
to evaluate the relationship between continuous variables. P and bone mineral density (week0 and week 12).
YDOXHVOHVVWKDQZDVFRQVLGHUHGDVVWDWLVWLFDOO\VLJQL¿FDQW RESULTS: /HDQ ERG\ PDVV LQ &/$ JURXS VLJQL¿FDQWO\
RESULTS: 6HUXP YLVIDWLQ OHYHO ZDV VLJQL¿FDQWO\ 3  LQFUHDVHG “ JUDPV DIWHU  ZHHNV +RZHYHU
lower in metabolic syndrome patients compared with controls changes in total fat mass, weight, waist circumference, bone
ORJYLVIDWLQ“QJPOYV“QJPO0HW6YV mineral density and content among two groups were not
FRQWUROJURXSUHVSHFWLYHO\ 7KHUHZDVQRVLJQL¿FDQWFRUUHODWLRQ VLJQL¿FDQWO\GLIIHUHQW
between serum visfatin levels and any anthropometric or any CONCLUSION: $GDLO\JU&/$IRUZHHNVLQFUHDVHG
metabolic parameters in patients with metabolic syndrome or lean body mass in post-menopausal women.
control group.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study showed that
serum visfatin level was decreased in patients with MetS.
Therefore it seems that Visfatin cannot be considered as a new
SURLQÀDPPDWRU\DGLSRF\WRNLQHLQPHWDEROLFV\QGURPH
486
P102: Nutrition Management of Diabetes III IHPDOHVWXGHQWVRIDJH\HDUVDQG%0,RI“NJ
m2 were 10g butter, 200ml low-fat milk, 120g yoghurt without
VXJDUPOPLONDQGJFKHHVH7KHVXEMHFWVZHUH
P102-01 VHUYHG ZKLWH ULFH RI J FDUERK\GUDWH ZLWK RU ZLWKRXW GDLU\
EFFECT OF DIETARY SUPPLEMENTATION OF The plasma glucose area under the curve above the base line
MAESIL (PRUNUS MUME) CONCENTRATES ON THE (AUC) was determined and as a percentage of AUC for rice
IMPROVEMENT OF DIABETES IN RATS only.
Eun Ah Park , Hyun Jung Chae, Ji Hee Woo, Jong Hee Chyun RESULTS: In comparison with the rice-only meal, 1) added
Department of food and nutrition, Inha University, Incheon, EXWWHU ORZIDW PLON \RJKXUW GLG QRW VKRZ DQ\ VLJQL¿FDQW
KOR difference in blood glucose level, but 2) milk (200, 400ml) and
FKHHVH J GHFUHDVHG$8&UHVSHFWLYHO\WR““
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: This study investigated DQG““
effects of maesil concentrates supplementation on improving DISCUSSION: Because of result, a certain level of protein and
diabetic symptoms. fat is considered to be needed to suppress blood glucose level to
MATERIALS & METHODS: Thirty two Sprague-Dawley a standardized oral glucose load.
male rats aging 7 weeks were divided into four groups(nondiabetic
- control diet, nondiabetic - maesil diet, diabetic - control diet,
GLDEHWLFPDHVLOGLHW DQGIHGH[SHULPHQWDOGLHWVIRUZHHNV P102-04
DQGVDFUL¿FHGWRREWDLQEORRGDQGOLYHU EFFECTS OF KOREAN RED GINSENG, MULBERRY
RESULTS & FEEDINGS: %ORRGJOXFRVH+E$FDQG*3 AND BANABA SUPPLEMENTATION ON THE
activity were lower in diabetic - maesil diet group compared to BIOMARKERS OF GLUCOSE HOMEOSTASIS AND
diabetic - control diet group. Compared to nondiabetic groups, INFLAMMATION IN PATIENTS WITH IMPAIRED
diabetic groups showed higher levels of serum triglyceride and GLUCOSE TOLERANCE OR MILD TYPE 2 DIABETES
total cholesterol, which were decreased by supplementation Yoon, Kun-Ho1; Kim, Hyun-Jung2; Kang, Mi-Ja1; Yim, Hyun-
of maesil concentrates. Liver total lipid and TBARS levels Woo1; Sung, Mi-Kyung2
were decreased by supplementation of maesil concentrates in 1
The Catholic University of Korea, Kangnam St. Mary’s
both nondiabetic and diabetic groups respectively. Liver SOD Hospital, Seoul, KOR; 2Sookmyung Women’s University,
DFWLYLWLHVZHUHQRWVLJQL¿FDQWO\GLIIHUHQWDPRQJJURXSV Seoul, KOR
CONCLUSIONS: It is supposed the supplementation of maesil
concentrates may improve symptoms of diabetic symptoms by 7KH HI¿FDF\ RI DQWLGLDEHWLF KHUEV ZDV DVVHVVHG 6XEMHFWV
reducing blood glucose indices, serum and liver lipid and lipid (n=94) with either impaired glucose tolerance or mild type
SHUR[LGHOHYHOVLQGLDEHWLFUDWV 2 diabetes were randomly allocated to treatment or placebo
JURXS(DFKSDUWLFLSDQWUHFHLYHGJ JPHDO RIKHUEPL[WXUH
PXOEHUU\ OHDI ZDWHU H[WUDFW.RUHDQ UHG JLQVHQJEDQDED OHDI
P102-02 ZDWHU H[WUDFW   RU SODFHER IRU  ZNV 7KH SDUWLFLSDQWV
COMPARISON OF DIET IN ELDERLY DIABETES maintained their energy and nutrient intake throughout
ACCORDING TO HbA1c the intervention. Blood glucose homeostasis markers and
M.H. Woo1, S. Park2, R.W. Choue1, LQÀDPPDWLRQ PDUNHUV UHODWHG WR YDVFXODU FRPSOLFDWLRQ ZHUH
1
'HSWRI0HGLFDO1XWULWLRQ*UDGXDWH6FKRRORI(DVW±:HVW PHDVXUHG6L[W\WZRVXEMHFWVZHUHLQFOXGHGLQWKH¿QDODQDO\VHV
Medical Science, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, KOR, 2 Dept. 6WXG\UHVXOWVVKRZHGQRVLJQL¿FDQWGLIIHUHQFHLQIDVWLQJEORRG
of Oriental Medical Food and Nutrition, Semyung University, JOXFRVHFRQFHQWUDWLRQ2*77 J LQVXOLQUHVSRQVHKRZHYHU
Jecheon, KOR,  Institute of Clinical Nutrition, Kyung Hee ZDV VLJQL¿FDQWO\ ORZHUHG LQ WKH KHUE VXSSOHPHQWDWLRQ JURXS
University, Seoul, KOR 7KH KHUE JURXS VKRZHG VLJQL¿FDQW UHGXFWLRQV LQ WKH SODVPD
levels of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 compared to the placebo group.
The aim of this study was to compare nutrient intakes in Korean These results indicate 24 wks of herb supplementation may
elderly T2D patients according to their glycemic control. LPSURYHSRVWSUDQGLDOLQVXOLQUHVSRQVHDQGUHGXFHLQÀDPPDWRU\
7' HOGHUV !\ Q   ZHUH UHFUXLWHG DQG FDWHJRUL]HG E\ mediators.
the concentration of glycated hemoglobin HbA1c; the good
FRQWUROJURXS *&*+E$F YVWKHSRRUFRQWUROJURXS
3&* +E$F •  $QWKURSRPHWULF GDWD EORRG SDUDPHWHUV P102-05
and diet record were collected and compared. Anthropometric SOME COMMONLY CONSUMED FRUITS IN THE
GDWDLQFOXGLQJ%0, “NJP GLGQRWGLIIHUEHWZHHQ PHILIPPINES: ARE THEY GOOD AND SAFE FOR
JURXSV :KLOH VLJQL¿FDQW DEQRUPDOLWLHV LQ OHDQ ERG\ PDVV DIABETICS?
blood glucose and albumin levels (P<0.01 for each) were found Trinidad, Trinidad P.; Mallillin, Aida C.; Sagum, Rosario S.;
in the PCG. The PCG depended on carbohydrate as a major Encabo, Rosario R.
VRXUFH RI HQHUJ\ DQG KDG WKH ORZHU QXWULWLRQDO TXDOLW\ LQGH[ Food & Nutrition Research Institute, Metro Manila, PHL
compared to the GCG. In conclusion, poor glycemic control
in T2D elders is associated with imbalanced diet including RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: 7KHJO\FHPLFLQGH[ *, LV
H[FHVVLYHFDUERK\GUDWHVDQGGH¿FLHQWPLFURQXWULHQWV D FODVVL¿FDWLRQ RI IRRG EDVHG RQ WKH EORRG JOXFRVH UHVSRQVH
to a food relative to a standard glucose solution and has been
proposed as a therapeutic principle for diabetes mellitus. The
P102-03 study aimed to determine the GI of some commonly consumed
EFFECT OF DAIRY PRODUCTS ON POSTPRANDIAL fruits in the Philippines.
CHANGE IN BLOOD GLUCOSE IN JAPANESE MATERIALS & METHODS: Nine commonly consumed
HEALTHY FEMALE STUDENTS fruits: watermelon, cantaloupe, jackfruit, Chinese pears, banana,
Sueda, Kaori1; Mori, Keiko2; Sakai, Eiko2; Sato, Yuzo2 mango ripe, papaya, apple, and pineapple were used as test foods
1
Aichi Gakuin University, Nisshin, Aichi-prefecture, JPN; in the study. The fruits were fed to 10 non-diabetics containing
2
Aichi Gakuin University, Nissin, Aichi, JPN JDYDLODEOHFDUERK\GUDWHV8VLQJWKHUDQGRPL]HGFURVVRYHU
design, the control (glucose solution) and test foods were fed
AIM: The effect of dairy products taken with rice on in random order on separate occasions after an overnight fast.
SRVWSODQGLDOEORRGJOXFRVHOHYHOZDVH[DPLQHGLQFRPSDULVRQ %ORRGVDPSOHVZHUHFROOHFWHGDWDQGHYHU\PLQXWHVDIWHU
with the baseline meal of rice only. IHHGLQJIRURQHKRXUDQGHYHU\PLQXWHVIRUWKHQH[WKRXUDQG
METHODS: 7KH GDLU\ SURGXFWV H[DPLQHG RQ VL[ KHDOWK\ read for glucose in a Clinical Chemistry Analyzer.
487
RESULTS & FINDINGS: The GIs of the fruits tested ranged P102-08
IURP   &KLQHVH SHDU KDV WKH ORZHVW *, RI “ ZKLOH IMPACT OF MEDICAL NUTRITION THERAPY ON
EDQDQDWKHKLJKHVW*,RI“ SELECTED GESTATIONAL DIABETICS
CONCLUSION: All fruits studied were considered to be low M.S, UMA 0$+(6:$5, 
*,IUXLWVH[FHSWIRUEDQDQDDQGSLQHDSSOHZKLFKDUHUHJDUGHG Sugumar, Raji V. (00010270)
as medium GI fruits. These fruits may be recommended for BGCW, Home Science, Puducherry, IND
diabetics when taken in moderation, and may be included in
their daily meals.
RATIONALE : A National Survey has shown that the
prevalence of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) in India is
P102-06 LQFUHDVLQJ7KHSUHYDOHQFHRI*'0ZDVLQZKLFK
THE EFFECT OF ALPHA-LIPOIC ACID ON BLOOD LQFUHDVHGWRLQDQGIXUWKHULQFUHDVHGWRLQ
PRESSURE OF DIABEETIC 2002 . GDM is best managed by nutritional intervention. Hence,
Mazloom, Zohreh this study was ventured upon in Puducherry , India. This paper
Shiraz University Of Medical Sciences, Shiraz Fars, IRN LVEDVHGRQVL[GHVFULSWLYHFDVHVWXGLHV
OBJECTIVES: 1.To assess the nutritional status and obstetric
The majority of diabetic patients will develop hypertension. history of the selected gestational diabetics. 2. To apprehend
$OSKDOLSRLF DFLG IRU LWV DQWLR[LGDWLYH SURSHUWLHV KDV DQ the importance of Medical Nutrition Therapy (MNT) through
HIIHFWLYHUROHLQGHFUHDVHRIR[LGDWLYHVWUHVVDQGSUHYHQWLRQRI diet counseling and assess the impact of MNT on selected
endothelium dysfunction. The purpose of the present study was gestational diabetics
³WRGHWHUPLQHWKHHIIHFWRIDOSKDOLSRLFDFLGRQEORRGSUHVVXUH METHODOLOGY: Pregnant women attending the antenatal
in type 2 diabetic patients”. FOLQLF ZLWK D JHVWDWLRQ DJH RI  WR  ZHHNV LQ KLJK ULVN
)LIW\VHYHQ W\SH  GLDEHWLF SDWLHQWV  PDOH DQG  IHPDOH  FDWHJRU\ZHUHVFUHHQHGIRU*'0XVLQJJ*OXFRVH&KDOOHQJH
ZLWK WKH PHDQ DJH RI  \HDUV ROG ZHUH LQYROYHG LQ WKLV 7HVW *&7  $ VDPSOH RI VL[ GLDJQRVHG WR KDYH *'0 ZKR
study. Upon arrival subjects were randomly divided into either consented for the intervention of MNT, were selected. Based on
H[SHULPHQWDO Q  RUFRQWURO Q  JURXSV the nutritional status MNT was developed individually for each
([SHULPHQWDO JURXS UHFHLYHG  PJ DOSKDOLSRLF DFLG GDLO\ case. The impact of MNT was assessed by monitoring blood
for eight weeks where control group received placebo for eight glucose, assessing urine ketones, monitoring modulation of
weeks. Blood pressure and 24 hours diet recall were measured weight and scrutinization of pregnancy outcome.
at the beginning of the study and every two weeks afterward. MAJOR FINDINGS: 1.The MNT was individualized based
7KH UHVXOWV RI VWXG\ VKRZHG D VLJQL¿FDQW GHFUHDVH LQ ERWK on the BMI and ideal pre-pregnancy weight (IPPW) of the
systolic and diastolic in the alpha lipoic acid group. There VXEMHFWV $Q DGGLWLRQDO .FDO ZHUH LQFOXGHG IRU DOO WKH
ZDV DOVR D VLJQL¿FDQW GHFUHDVH LQ V\VWROLF EORRG SUHVVXUH LQ subjects, to meet the demands of pregnancy. 2.The percentage
H[SHULPHQWDOJURXSZKHQFRPSDUHGWRFRQWUROJURXS of calories contributed by the macronutrients was the same for
This study suggests that alpha-lipoic acid supplement can be DOOWKHVXEMHFWV7KHSUHVFULEHGGLHWFRQWULEXWHGRIFDORULHV
recommended in type 2 diabetic patients to prevention of high IURPFDUERK\GUDWHVIURPIDWVDQGRIFDORULHVIURP
blood pressure. SURWHLQV7KHGLHWZDVDOVRULFKLQPLQHUDOVYLWDPLQVÀXLG WR
OLWUHVGD\ DQG¿EUH ±J 7KH017ZDVGHVLJQHGZLWK
a motive to originate euglycemic diets so that the MNT will not
P102-07 lead to hyper or hypoglycemia in the subject. The weight gain
THE EMPACT OF VITAMIN E ON GLYCEMIC LQWKHPRWKHUVZDVFRQWUROOHGE\017VRWKDWRIVXEMHFWV
CONTROL AND LIPID PROFILES IN TYPE 2 had adequate favourable weight gain during pregnancy. 4.The
DIABETES PATIENTS IDVWLQJDQGSRVWSUDQGLDOEORRGJOXFRVHYDOXHVRIWKHVL[VHOHFWHG
Mousavi Shirazi Fard, Zahra1; Mazloum, Zohreh2; Shab-Bidar, sample, monitored on weekly basis until delivery, published
Sakineh normal glucose values.
1
-, Shiraz, IRN); 2Shiraz University of Medical Science, Shiraz, CONCLUSION: The individualized MNT plan based on BMI
IRN; Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, IRN and ideal pre-pregnancy weight administered to the selected
gestational diabetics resulted in euglycemia which in turn
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Diabetic complications imparted positive pregnancy outcomes assessed with reference
have been related to hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia. to blood glucose and weight of the mother and the child. The
$OSKD±WRFRIHUROKDVDQWLR[LGDQWHIIHFWVDQGFDQLPSURYHOLSLG MNT that provided a low energy of 1400 K.cal also did not
SUR¿OHV:HHYDOXDWHGWKHHIIHFWRIYLWDPLQ(VXSSOHPHQWDWLRQ SURGXFHNHWRQHPLDLQGLFDWLQJVXI¿FLHQF\RIFDORULHV7KXVWKH
RQJOXFRVHLQVXOLQDQGOLSLGSUR¿OHVLQW\SHGLDEHWLFSDWLHQWV research concludes that MNT, glucose and weight monitoring
MATERIALS & METHODS: In a randomized clinical trial, and compliance to the diet therapy will improve the health
 SDWLHQWV LQFOXGHG  PHQ DQG  ZRPHQ  “ \HDU  status of the mother and the new born.
with type 2 diabetes were randomly divided into treatment
ZLWKYLWDPLQ( PJGD\ DQGSODFHERJURXSVIRUPRQWKV
3ODVPDJOXFRVH,QVXOLQDQGOLSLGSUR¿OHVZHUHPHDVXUHGDWWKH P103: Clinical Nutrition: Others III
EHJLQQLQJ DQG DW WKH HQG RI  PRQWKV VXSSOHPHQWDWLRQ 7KH
3DLUHGDQGLQGHSHQGHQWW±WHVWZDVXVHGIRUDQDO\]LQJRIGDWD
RESULTS & FINDINGS: $QWKURSRPHWULFLQGH[HVZHUHVWDEOH P103-01
throughout the study. Vitamin E administration lowered fasting FOLATE AND VITAMIN B12 STATUS IN YOUNG
SODVPD LQVXOLQ FRQFHQWUDWLRQV “  DQG “ NEPALESE CHILDREN
3  SODVPD WULJO\FHULGH FRQFHQWUDWLRQ “ Strand, Tor A.1; Sharma, Pushpa R.2; Chandyo, Ram K.1;
DQG“3 7KHSODVPDJOXFRVHDQGWKHRWKHU Refsum, Helga; Ulak, Manjeswori2; Adhikari, Ramesh K.2;
OLSLGSUR¿OHVGLGQRWFKDQJHDIWHUYLWDPLQ(FRQVXPSWLRQIRU Sommerfelt, Halvor1
months. 1
University of Bergen, Bergen, NOR; 2Tribhuvan University,
CONCLUSION: :HQHHGPRUHUHVHDUFKWRHVWDEOLVKEHQH¿FLDO Kathmandu, NPL; University of Oslo, Oslo, NOR
effect of vitamin E intake in type 2 diabetic patients.
BACKGROUND: General malnutrition, vitamin and mineral
GH¿FLHQFLHVDUHFRPPRQLQ1HSDO2EMHFWLYH7RDVVHVVYLWDPLQ
%DQGIRODWHVWDWXVLQFKLOGUHQDJHGWRPRQWKVOLYLQJLQ
Bhaktapur, Nepal.
488
METHODS: We measured plasma concentrations of folate, interventions as well as evidence from the literature. Factors
vitamin B12, total homocysteine (tHcy) and methylmalonic found to be promoting and inhibiting weight loss were grouped
DFLG 00$  LQ  FKLOGUHQ ZKR VRXJKW WUHDWPHQW IRU DFXWH and opposed on a balance.
diarrhea. RESULTS AND FINDINGS: Factors that promoted weight
RESULTS: 7KH PHGLDQ >LQWHUTXDUWLOH UDQJH ,45 @ SODVPD loss were found to be mainly intervention related. Within each
concentrations of the four biomarkers were as follows: Vitamin promotional factor, a number of current and potential strategies
%    SPRO/ IRODWH    QPRO/ VXSSRUWLQJ ZHLJKW ORVV ZHUH LGHQWL¿HG ,QKLELWRU\ IDFWRUV RQ
W+F\    —PRO/ DQG 00$    WKH RWKHU KDQG ZHUH LGHQWL¿HG DV SK\VLRORJLFDO DGDSWDWLRQV WR
—PRO/7KHPHGLDQIRODWHFRQFHQWUDWLRQZDV   energy restriction that may slow the progress of the weight loss.
QPRO/ LQ EUHDVWIHG FKLOGUHQ DQG     QPRO/ LQ :H IRXQG WKH PRGHO XVHIXO LQ XQGHUVWDQGLQJ DQG H[SODLQLQJ
non-breastfed children. The folate concentration declined with weight changes observed in our trials.
LQFUHDVLQJ DJH 7KUHH FKLOGUHQ KDG IRODWH  QPRO/ 7KH CONCLUSION: This proposed model provides a more
PHGLDQ SODVPD % FRQFHQWUDWLRQ ZDV     SPRO/ comprehensive framework to research planning and clinical
LQ EUHDVWIHG DQG     SPRO/ LQ WKRVH ZKR ZHUH practice in diet and weight management.
QRW9LWDPLQ %  SPRO/ ZDV VHHQ LQ  RI EUHDVWIHG
DQG LQ  RI QRQEUHDVWIHG FKLOGUHQ 3ODVPD YLWDPLQ %
concentration, but not folate, was negatively associated with P103-04
plasma tHcy and MMA. THE EFFECT OF STINGING NETTLE (Urtica dioica)
CONCLUSIONS: Low cobalamin status is common in Nepali SEED OIL ON EXPERIMENTAL COLITIS IN RATS
children with acute diarrhea. Folate and B12 status differs Yarat, Aysen1; Genç, Zeynep1; Akbay, Tugba T.1; Sener,
markedly according to breastfeeding status in these children. Göksel1 ; Sehirli, A.Özer1; Cetinel,; $OWÕQWDV$\KDQ2; Demirci,
Betul2
1
Marmara University, Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul, TUR;
P103-02 2
Istanbul Andolu University, TUR
HEMOGLOBIN STATUS IS THE BEST NUTRITIONAL
VARIABLE THAT PREDICTS ACHIEVEMENT Urtica dioica (UD) which is member of the Uticaceae family,
AMONG SCHOOLCHILDREN IN RURAL UGANDA is considered therapeutically interchangeable. This study
Acham, Hedwig; Kikafunda, Joyce K. investigates the effect of Urtica dioica (UD) seed oil, known as
Makerere University, Kampala, UGA stinging nettle, treatment on colon tissue and blood parameters
of trinitrobenzene sulphonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis in rats.
BACKGROUND: A study was undertaken to assess the 5DWVZHUHJURXSHGLQWRDVFRQWURO Q  FROLWLV Q  DQG8'
micronutrient status of schoolchildren in rural Uganda and WUHDWHGFROLWLV Q  8'VHHGRLOFRQWDLQLQJXQVDWXUDWHG
related with their academic achievement. IDWW\DFLGVDQGVDWXUDWHGIDWW\DFLGVZDVJLYHQRUDOO\ 
OBJECTIVE: 7R¿QGRXWWKHDVVRFLDWLRQEHWZHHQPLFURQXWULHQW P/NJGD\   PLQ DIWHU LQGXFWLRQ RI FROLWLV DQG WKH WUHDWPHQW
status and academic achievement among these children. ZDV FRQWLQXHG IRU  GD\V 7KUHH GD\V DIWHU WKH LQGXFWLRQ RI
DESIGN: A cross sectional design was used for the bigger colitis, all rats were decapitated. The distal colon was weighed
SDUW RI WKH VWXG\ IURP ZKLFK D VXE VDPSOH RI  FKLOGUHQ and the mucosal lesions were scored at both macroscopical at
was randomly sampled for micronutrient assessments (iron, microscopic levels. Tissue factor activity (TFa), glutathione
iodine and vitamin A). Data for this group was also collected on (GSH), Malonialdehyde (MDA), total sialic acid (SA) levels
anthropometry (height and weight), malaria status, demographic DQG P\HORSHUR[LGDVH 032  VXSHUR[LGH GLVPXWDVH 62' 
and socio-economic status, child personal characteristics and activity and collagen content were assessed in tissue samples.
educational achievement. In addition SDS polyacrylamid gel electrophoresis was carried
RESULTS: Holding all other factors constant, a hierarchical RXWRQWLVVXHVDPSOHV71)Į,/ȕDQG,/DQG/'+OHYHOV
multiple regressions with achievement revealed that, of all the were also assessed in blood samples. UD treatment ameliorated
nutritional variables, hemoglobin status was the best predictor WKH71%6LQGXFHGGLVWXUEDQFHVH[FHSW0'$
RIDFKLHYHPHQW7KHRWKHUVLJQL¿FDQWYDULDEOHZDVDFFHVVE\WKH
household to a working radio.
CONCLUSION: Based on these results, iron supplementation P103-05
for schoolchildren is suggested. In view of the advantages of THE EFFECT OF BLACK CUMIN (Nigella sativa) SEED
iron, such a strategy would, coupled with of course improvement OIL ON EXPERIMENTAL COLITIS IN RATS
of socio-economic situation of the population, promote learning Yarat, Aysen; ,úÕN)HUGDAkbay, Tugba T.; Sener, Göksel;
which is a driving force for any development process. Sehirli, A.Özer; Cetinel, Sule
Marmara University, Istanbul, TUR

P103-03 The black cumin (Nigella sativa), the member of Ranunculacea


USING A DYNAMIC ENERGY BALANCE MODEL AS A family, is a plant widely used as a spice in our country. Its seed
GUIDE TO CONSTRUCT WEIGHT LOSS STRATEGIES RLOFRQWDLQVSURWHLQFDUERK\GUDWHDQGOLSLG
AND MONITOR PROGRESS IN RESEARCH AND In this study, the effect of black cumin (Nigella sativa) seed
CLINICAL PRACTICE oil on trinitrobenzene sulphonic acid induced colitis in rats was
Tan, Sze Yen; Batterham, Marijka; Tapsell, Linda investigated. In treatment group, the rats were treated with black
University of Wollongong, Wollongong, AUS FXPLQVHHGRLO 25,*2µQDWXUDO%ODFN&XPLQ6HHG2LO¶
PONJRUDOO\ ,WZDVJLYHQPLQXWHVODWHUWKDQWKHLQGXFWLRQ
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The fundamental theory RIFROLWLVDQGWKHWUHDWPHQWZDVFRQWLQXHGIRUGD\V7KUHHGD\V
of weight loss is to induce a negative energy balance. While later than the induction of colitis, all rats were decapitated. The
simple energy balance model is useful to depict the causes of distal colon was weighed and the mucosal lesions were scored
overweight, it is too simplistic for research and clinical practice. both at macroscopical and microscopic levels. Tissue factor
The aim of this paper is to propose a dynamic energy balance activity (TFa), glutathione (GSH), Malonialdehyde (MDA),
model that not only informs current and potential weight loss WRWDO VLDOLF DFLG 6$  OHYHOV DQG P\HORSHUR[LGDVH 032 
strategies, but also highlights the need to review treatment VXSHUR[LGH GLVPXWDVH 62'  DFWLYLW\ DQG FROODJHQ FRQWHQW
plans to address physiological adaptations during the weight were assessed in tissue samples. In addition SDS polyacrylamid
loss period. gel electrophoresis was carried out on tissue samples. Serum
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This model was based on 71)Į,/ȕDQG,/DQG/'+OHYHOVZHUHDOVRDVVHVVHGLQ
research observations using whole room calorimetry and dietary EORRG %ODFN FXPLQ VHHG RLO KDV WUHDWHG LQÀDPPDWLRQ VHHQ LQ
489
H[SHULPHQWDOFROLWLVLQH[DPLQHGGRVHEXWWKLVWUHDWPHQWKDVQRW hour post-prandial (PP) glucose, total cholesterol (TC), serum
UHÀHFWHG WR WKH FROODJHQ VLDOLF DFLG 7)D DQG R[LGDQW V\VWHP triglyceride (TG), high density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-
parameters. density lipoprotein (LDL).
RESULTS & FINDINGS: 7KHLQWDNHRIWRWDOFDORULHV 
NFDO FDUERK\GUDWHV WRWDOIDW  
P103-06 VDWXUDWHGIDWW\DFLGV 6)$ DQGWUDQVIDWW\DFLGV W)$V 
THE PREVALENCE AND NUTRITIONAL CAUSES DQG RI PRQRXQVDWXUDWHG IDWW\ DFLGV 08)$  ZDV  7KH
OF HYPOGLYCAEMIA IN PATIENTS WITH END- PHDQ%0,NJPDQG:+5DQGIDVWLQJ
STAGE RENAL FAILURE (ESRF) ON MAINTENANCE JOXFRVH337&7*
HAEMODIALYSIS (MHD) AT KENYATTA NATIONAL +'/DQG/'/
HOSPITAL’S RENAL-UNIT, KENYA CONCLUSION: Elevated levels of blood glucose and TC and
Kariuki, Anastacia W. a high intake of total fat, SFA, t-FAs and low intake of MUFA
Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, KEN DQG¿EHUPD\EHUHODWHGWRSURJUHVVLRQRIPLOG13'5WR3'5

RATIONALE: Although hypoglycemia is a known


complication of hemodialysis, there is little information about P104: Infant and Young Child Nutrition III
its prevalence among patients on maintenance hemodialysis.
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of hypoglycemia
in patients on maintenance hemodialysis in Kenyatta National P104-01
Hospital (Nairobi, Kenya) and to identify potential nutrition DETERMINANTS OF INFANT FEEDING PRACTICES
related causes of hypoglycemia. IN INDIA: ANALYSES OF 2005 - 06 NATIONAL
SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive FAMILY HEALTH SURVEY DATA
and observational study design was followed. Patients who Patel, Archana1; Badhoniya, Neetu1; Agho, Kingsley2; Dibley,
KDG EHHQ RQ FKURQLF PDLQWHQDQFH KHPRGLDO\VLV IRU  PRQWKV Michael J.
or longer were included in the study which was carried out 1
Indira Gandhi Government Medical College, Nagpur,
IURP0D\WKURXJKWR-XQH5DQGRPEORRGJOXFRVH Maharashtra, IND; 2The University of Western Sydney,
OHYHOVZHUHGHWHUPLQHGDWEDVHOLQHPLQXWHVPLQXWHVDQG Penrith, NSW, AUS; The University of Sydney, Sydney,
 PLQXWHV DQG DW KRXUO\ LQWHUYDOV WKHUHDIWHU XQWLO WKH HQG RI NSW, AUS
the dialysis session. The prevalence of hypoglycemia (a blood
JOXFRVHOHYHOOHVVWKDQPPRO/ ZDVWKHQGHWHUPLQHGIRUWKH RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: In India, poor feeding
duration of hemodialysis. The relationship between minimum practices in early childhood contribute to malnutrition, and
blood glucose levels and dietary intake, anthropometric infant and child mortality. We aimed to estimate IYCF indicators
status, primary diagnosis, co-morbid and socio-demographic and determinants of poor feeding practices.
factors, prescribed medication and dialysis related factors were MATERIALS AND METHODS: 7KHVDPSOHLQFOXGHG
determined. FKLOGUHQ DJHG  PRQWKV IURP WKH  ,QGLD 1DWLRQDO
RESULTS: $PRQJ WKH  KHPRGLDO\VLV SDWLHQWV ZKR )DPLO\ +HDOWK 6XUYH\  6HOHFWHG LQGLFDWRUV ZHUH H[DPLQHG
participated in the study, the prevalence of hypoglycemia was against a set of variables using multivariate analyses.
 Q  (LJKWSHUFHQW Q  RIWKHVHSDWLHQWVZHUHKRZHYHU RESULTS AND FINDINGS: 2QO\  LQLWLDWHG %)
already hypoglycemic on initiation of dialysis. Dietary intake ZLWKLQ RQH KRXU RI ELUWK  RI LQIDQWV  PRQWKV ZHUH
RI QLDFLQ U  S   ULERÀDYLQ U  S   DQG H[FOXVLYHO\ %)  ERWWOHIHG DQG  UHFHLYHG WLPHO\
YLWDPLQ% U S  VKRZHGDVLJQL¿FDQWUHODWLRQVKLS FRPSOHPHQWDU\IRRGV5LVNIDFWRUVIRUQRWH[FOXVLYHO\%)ZHUH
with blood glucose levels. The relationships between wealthier households, delivery in health facility and living in
K\SRJO\FHPLF HSLVRGHV DQG LQVXOLQ DGPLQLVWUDWLRQ S   the Northern region. More ANC was associated with increased
DQG EHWZHHQ EORRG JOXFRVH OHYHOV DQG %0, U  S  H[FOXVLYH%):RPHQZKRZHUHEHWWHUHGXFDWHGZRUNLQJPDGH
DQG SURWHLQ LQWDNH U  S   DSSURDFKHG VLJQL¿FDQFH PRUH$1&YLVLWVDQGRUZHUHH[SRVHGWRPHGLDKDGEHWWHUHDUO\
7KHUH ZDV QR VLJQL¿FDQW UHODWLRQVKLS EHWZHHQ EORRG JOXFRVH initiation of BF. Risk factors for bottle-feeding included infants
levels and the duration of hemodialysis (p=0.942), hours of born by caesarean section, mothers from wealthier households,
hemodialysis (p=0.27) and the dialysate solution used (p=0.12). who were working, more educated, from urban areas and with no
CONCLUSIONS: +\SRJO\FHPLD ZDV SUHVHQW LQ  RI SRVWQDWDO H[DPLQDWLRQV 7LPHO\ FRPSOHPHQWDU\ IHHGLQJ UDWHV
patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Potential nutritional increased with more ANC and if women watched television.
parameters which may have contributed to lower blood glucose CONCLUSION: Targeted community interventions should
levels in this study include a lower dietary intake of niacin, be planned for groups at risk of poor IYCF practices, and
ULERÀDYLQ DQG YLWDPLQ % /RZHU SURWHLQ LQWDNH DQG ORZHU ‘Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative’ needs revitalization and
BMI was marginally associated with low blood glucose levels. strengthening.

P103-07 P104-02
NUTRITIONAL AND ANTHROPOMETRIC PROFILE IRON DEFICIENCE ANEMIA IS ASSOCIATED WITH
OF MILD NON-PROLIFERATIVE DIABETIC FOOD CONSUMPTION IN THE FIRST YEAR OF LIFE
RETINOPATHY PATIENTS IN NORTHERN INDIA Panigassi, Giseli1; Segall-Correa, Ana Maria2; Nejar, Fabiola
Kaur, Parmeet F.2; Camargo, Daniele Flaviane M.2; Pérez-Escamilla, Rafael;
All India Institute Of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, IND Gurgel, Camila K..2
1
Unicamp, Jaguariuna - São Paulo, BRA; 2Campinas
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Improper nutrition in mild University, Campinas - SP, BRA; University of Connecticut,
non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) patients is a pre- Storrs - CT, USA
disposing factor in the development of proliferative diabetic
retinopathy (PDR) leading to blindness. In the present study RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: $VVHVVWKHLQÀXHQFHRIGLHW
ZHHYDOXDWHGWKHQXWULWLRQDODQGDQWKURSRPHWULFSUR¿OHRIPLOG on anemia in infants.
NPDR patients. MATERIALS & METHODS: Prospective cohort study
MATERIALS AND METHODS: 100 mild NPDR were FRQGXFWHG LQ %UD]LO$W ELUWK  FKLOGUHQ ZHUH VHOHFWHG DQG
randomly selected for assessment of dietary intake using 24- IROORZHG XS WR  \HDU 5HODWLYH ULVN DQG FRQ¿GHQFH LQWHUYDOV
KRXU UHFDOO PHWKRG %RG\ PDVV LQGH[ %0,  DQG ZDLVWKLS were used to estimate anemia risk.
UDWLR :+5  DQG ELRFKHPLFDO SUR¿OH LQFOXGHG IDVWLQJ DQG  RESULTS & FINDINGS: Orange consumption protected
490
against anemia among breastfeeding children, and among baby was nursing.
infants that did not drink cow’s milk. Children consuming CONCLUSION: Maternal perception of OL is a valid indicator
LQGXVWULDOL]HG ÀRXUEDVHG IRRGV ZHUH PRUH OLNHO\ QRW WR EH of Lactogenesis II. This is a useful tool that can be employed
anemic. Low meat and liver consumptions were not associated to identify mothers at risk for delayed OL and target these to
with anemia. Cow’s milk or breast milk consumption were not receive lactation support.
associated with anemia, at one year of age, as well as with the
consumption of low nutrient density foods.
CONCLUSION: Orange consumption protected against P104-05
anemia but only infants who were breastfed or not consuming FATTY ACID COMPOSITION AND SUITABILITY OF
FRZ¶V PLON )RRGV SUHSDUHG ZLWK LURQHQULFKHG ÀRXU PD\ EH GOAT MILK FORMULA FOR INFANTS
protecting the child against anemia regardless of the type of Prosser, Colin G.1; Svetashev, Vassili2; Vyssotski, Mikhail2;
milk consumed. Lowry, Dianne J.1
1
Dairy Goat Co-operative (N.Z.) Ltd, Hamilton, NZL;
2
Industrial Research Limited, Lower Hutt, NZL
P104-03
CURRENT INFANT FEEDING PRACTICES IN UKEHE RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Most infant formula use
AND EDE-OBALLA RURAL COMMUNITIES IN vegetable oils to supply fatty acids. This reduces the proportion
NIGERIA of saturated fatty acids in the sn-2 position of triglycerides. This
Ngwu, Ifeoma M. VWXG\H[DPLQHGWKHQXWULWLRQDODWWULEXWHVRIJRDWLQIDQWIRUPXOD
University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu, NGA made by retaining milk fat and presents growth data on infants
fed the formula.
Infant feeding practices of hundred (100) mothers each in MATERIALS AND METHODS: Infant formula was made
Ukehe and Ede-Oballa communities in, Nigeria were assessed. by combining whole goat milk, lactose, vegetable oils, and
Focus group discussions, questionnaire and anthropometric micronutrients and then spray-dried. The protein, amino acid
measurements were used for data collection. The study revealed and fatty acid content were assessed by SDS-page, HPLC and
WKDW RYHU  RI PRWKHUV VWDUWHG EUHDVWIHHGLQJ ZLWKLQ  GC-MS respectively. The nucleotides from goat milk were
KRXUV RI GHOLYHU\ +RZHYHU H[FOXVLYH EUHDVWIHHGLQJ ZDV QRW measured by HPLC. Saturated fatty acids in the sn-2 position
popular in the area as none of the mothers interviewed practiced of triglycerides were measured using TMS-derivatives of
H[FOXVLYHEUHDVWIHHGLQJDWDQ\SRLQW3DS FRUQJUXHO ZDVDYHU\ monoacyglycerides following separation by TLC. Growth data
important complementary food in the area and was introduced IURPLQIDQWVDUHSUHVHQWHG
E\ RYHU  RI WKH PRWKHUV HDUOLHU WKDQ WKH UHFRPPHQGHG  RESULTS: *RDWLQIDQWIRUPXODKDVPJPOQXFOHRWLGHV
months of age. Complementary foods were mostly based on similar to human milk. Goat milk proteins provided essential
locally available staples which were of plant origin with little DQG VHPLHVVHQWLDO DPLQR DFLGV  0L[LQJ JRDW PLON IDW ZLWK
RUQRIRUWL¿FDWLRQWRLPSURYHWKHQXWULHQWGHQVLW\RIWKHIRRGV vegetable oils provided fatty acids essential for infant nutrition
&RQVHTXHQWO\DQGRIWKHFKLOGUHQLQ8NHKHDQG(GH while increasing the proportion of saturated fats in the sn-2
2EDOODUHVSHFWLYHO\ZHUHZDVWHGDQGUHVSHFWLYHO\ SRVLWLRQIROGFRPSDUHGWRYHJHWDEOHRLOVRQO\
ZHUHXQGHUZHLJKWZKLOHDQGZHUHVWXQWHG7KHSHDN CONCLUSIONS: Goat infant formula has an amino acid and
DJH IRU FHVVDWLRQ RI EUHDVWIHHGLQJ UDQJHG EHWZHHQ  DQG  fatty acid composition suitable for infants and maintains infant
months in the two communities. Income level and inadequate growth rates similar to breast fed infants.
nutrition knowledge were major factors affecting the infant
feeding practices of mothers. Improved income and nutrition
education would encourage better practices and improve the P104-06
health of children in the area. BELIEFS OF REVERSE CAUSALITY OF EXCLUSIVE
BREASTFEEDING AND INFANT ILLNESS AMONG
ECUADORIAN COMMUNITY NUTRITION
P104-04 PROMOTERS
VALIDITY OF MATERNAL PERCEPTION OF ONSET Roche, Marion L; Sarzosa, Julieta
OF LACTATION AS A MARKER OF LACTOGENESIS :RUOG9LVLRQ(FXDGRU4XLWR(&8
II IN GHANAIAN WOMEN
Otoo, Gloria E.1; Marquis, Grace S.2; Lartey, Anna1; Chapman, RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: WHO recommends
Donna J.; Pérez-Escamilla, Rafael H[FOXVLYH EUHDVWIHHGLQJ IRU WKH ¿UVW VL[ PRQWKV IRU RSWLPDO
1
University of Ghana, Legon, Accra, GHA; 2McGill infant nutrition and health. To support designing community-
8QLYHUVLW\4XHEHF&$1University of Connecticut, Storrs, based infant feeding interventions in Ecuador; knowledge,
CT, USA attitudes and beliefs of nutrition promoters with respect to
H[FOXVLYHEUHDVWIHHGLQJDQGLQIDQWKHDOWKZHUHDVVHVVHG
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: Promotion of optimal METHODS: Knowledge, attitudes and beliefs around
breastfeeding practices is a proven intervention for the reduction H[FOXVLYH EUHDVWIHHGLQJ DQG LQIDQW KHDOWK DPRQJ FRPPXQLW\
of childhood undernutrition. Early onset of lactation (OL) is nutrition promoters were assessed in 2 focus groups, each
QHFHVVDU\ IRU VXFFHVVIXO H[FOXVLYH EUHDVWIHHGLQJ 7KLV FDQ EH with ten community nutrition promoters from the Ecuadorian
accurately assessed by test weighing which is impractical for highlands. Key-informant interviews were conducted with 10
¿HOGVXUYH\V7KHREMHFWLYHRIWKLVVWXG\ZDVWRDVVHVVPDWHUQDO selected participants from focus groups. Content analysis of
perception of OL as a valid marker for lactogenesis II. WUDQVFULSWVLGHQWL¿HGNH\WKHPHVDQGEHOLHIV
MATERIALS & METHODS: Forty women were recruited FINDINGS: Participants’ knowledge was consistent with
within 24 hours following uncomplicated singleton delivery. OL H[FOXVLYHEUHDVWIHHGLQJUHFRPPHQGDWLRQV3URPRWHUVEHOLHYHG
was assessed using both maternal perception and test weighing. HDUO\LQWURGXFWLRQRIOLTXLGVEHIRUHVL[PRQWKVDJHUHVXOWHGIURP
The mothers were categorized based on whether or not they infant illness or colic. In contrast, beliefs suggested introducing
UHSRUWHG2/DWWKH¿UVWSRVWSDUWXPYLVLWIRUWKHDQDO\VHV IRRGEHIRUHVL[PRQWKVDJHFDXVHGLQIDQWLOOQHVV
RESULTS & FINDINGS: Mothers who reported that OL CONCLUSION: Although Ecuadorian nutrition promoters
KDG RFFXUUHG ZHUH VLJQL¿FDQWO\ ROGHU S   WUDQVIHUUHG NQHZ RI :+2 UHFRPPHQGDWLRQV IRU H[FOXVLYH EUHDVWIHHGLQJ
VLJQL¿FDQWO\ KLJKHU DPRXQWV RI EUHDVW PLON SHU EUHDVWIHHGLQJ and risks of introducing food early, beliefs of reverse causality
HSLVRGH S   DQG DOVR UHSRUWHG VLJQL¿FDQWO\ PRUH with respect to early introduction of liquids and infant illness
symptoms associated with OL such as; full or heavy feeling in need to be addressed in capacity building.
the breast, milk leaking from the breast and tingling when the
491
P104-07 P104-09
EFFECT OF FEEDING PRACTICES ON ENERGY AND COMMUNITY-BASED INTERVENTION BY REVISED
MICRONUTRIENTS INTAKE OF THAI INFANTS RECOMMENDATIONS IN INFANT NUTRITION –
Rojroongwasinkul, Nipa; Viriyapanich, Thara; Boonpraderm, PROSPECTIVE CROSS-NATIONAL COHORTS
Atitada; Wanijjakul, Chayanist; Jitnarin, Nattinee; Kosulwat, Thorsdottir, Inga; Asa V Thorisdottir & Gestur I Palsson
Vongsvat /DQGVSLWDOL±8QLYHUVLW\+RVSLWDO )DFXOW\RI)RRG6FLHQFH
Institute of Nutrition, Nakhon Pathom, THA and Human Nutrition, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, ISL

RATIONALE: Inappropriate feeding practices are a major RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: A study on infant nutrition
cause of the onset of malnutrition in young children. Poor VKRZHGORZLURQVWDWXVLQPRQWKROGV5HYLVHG
nutrition can have an impact on their intellectual and social UHFRPPHQGDWLRQVRQLQIDQWQXWULWLRQDGYLVHQHZLURQIRUWL¿HG
development. follow-on milk and more emphasis on breastfeeding. The
OBJECTIVES: 7R H[DPLQH WKH HQHUJ\ DQG VHOHFWHG effects of the new recommendations were investigated.
PLFURQXWULHQWV LQWDNH RI LQIDQWV DJHG  ±  PRQWKV ZKR MATERIALS AND METHODS: Healthy term infants
received different feeding practices. (n=140) were followed from birth to 1 year of age. Dietary data
MATERIALS & METHODS: 'DWD IURP WKH ¿UVW 7KDLODQG ZHUHFROOHFWHGE\GLHWDU\KLVWRU\ PRQWKROGV DQGPRQWKO\
National Food Consumption Survey were used. Information on UHJLVWUDWLRQV PRQWKROGV $QWKURSRPHWULFPHDVXUHVZHUH
IRRGDQGQXWULHQWLQWDNHRILQIDQWVDJHGEHWZHHQPRQWKV regularly registered, and blood samples collected at 12 months.
was collected using 24-hour dietary recall. Results of the present and previous studies were compared.
RESULTS & FINDINGS: $PRQJDOODJHJURXSV  RESULTS & FINDINGS: The iron status of 12-month-olds
 PRQWKV  WKHLU WRWDO HQHUJ\ LQWDNH IURP HLWKHU EUHDVW LQWKHSUHVHQWVWXG\VKRZHGQRLURQGH¿FLHQWDQHPLFFKLOGUHQ
milk or formula and complementary foods were lower than DQG  LURQGHSOHWHG LQIDQWV SUHYLRXVO\  DQG 
:+2UHFRPPHQGDWLRQ,QHDFKDJHJURXSHQHUJ\LQWDNH UHVSHFWLYHO\  7KH LQIDQWV VWXGLHG  FRPSDUHG ZLWK
from complementary foods was also lower than recommended WKRVH  JRW RQ DYHUDJH OHVV FRZ¶V PLON ZKLFK ZDV
energy value for both infants who received breast milk and UHSODFHGE\WKHLURQIRUWL¿HGIROORZRQPLONDQGEUHDVWIHHGLQJ
those who received formula milk. Inadequate zinc intake was *URZWK  ZDV VOLJKWO\ VORZHU IURP  PRQWKV
observed for all age groups. In addition, inadequate iron intake FRPSDUHGZLWKEXWJURZWKZDVDVHDUOLHUDVVRFLDWHG
ZDVDOVRGHPRQVWUDWHGLQLQIDQWVDJHGPRQWKV7ZRWKLUGRI with lower SF values.
key vitamins and trace elements was contributed from formula CONCLUSION: The diet in infancy changed in accordance
PLONIRUDOOLQIDQWVLQDJHJURXSV with the new recommendations. The improved iron status could
CONCLUSION: Effective policy program and campaign EH H[SODLQHG E\ FKDQJHG GLHW DQG QXWULHQW LQWDNH IROORZLQJ
should be established to ensure better understanding among new recommendations. The study showed strong impact of the
Thai mothers on the importance of proper complementary public health recommendations on infant nutrition.
feeding

P104-10
P104-08 BREASTFEEDING STATUS OF INFANTS
WORKING MOTHERS AND CHILD FOOD INTAKE: BORN TO URBAN MOTHERS FROM HIGHER
THE IMPORTANCE OF MATERNAL ENAGAGEMENT SOCIOECONOMIC STRATA
IN DETERMINING THE QUALITY AND Trilok-Kumar, Geeta
AVAILABILITY OF CHILD FOOD INTAKE AMONG Delhi University, New Delhi, IND
URBAN INDONESIAN HOUSEHOLDS
Airin Roshita 1,2, Megan Jennaway1, Lisa Schubert1 RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Breastfeeding is
1
3RSXODWLRQ+HDOWK8QLYHUVLW\RI4XHHQVODQG$XVWUDOLD FRPPRQLQ,QGLDEXWH[FOXVLYHEUHDVWIHHGLQJUDWHVDUHORZ7KH
2
SEAMEO-TROPMED RCCN, University of Indonesia, study was conducted to assess breastfeeding patterns of women
Jakarta, IDN belonging to the upper socioeconomic strata and gain insights
LQWRUHDVRQVIRUORZUDWHVRIH[FOXVLYHEUHDVWIHHGLQJ
MATERIALS & METHODS: The study was carried out in
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Working mothers in WZRSKDVHV,Q3KDVH,¿IW\PRWKHULQIDQWSDLUVZHUHHQUROOHG
urban areas of Indonesia are frequently compelled to employ IURPSULYDWHKRVSLWDOVLQ'HOKLDQGIROORZHGXSPRQWKO\IRU
domestic paid caregivers (DPC) to take care of their children. weeks. In Phase II, focus group discussions with mothers were
This research compares the child care practices in families of carried out to gain insights into knowledge and reasons for non-
middle class working mothers in which children are cared for H[FOXVLYHEUHDVWIHHGLQJ
E\ D '3& ZLWK WKRVH LQ ZKLFK FDUH LV SURYLGHG E\ H[WHQGHG RESULTS & FINDINGS: 0RVWLQIDQWV  ZHUHEUHDVWIHG
family members (EFM). ([FOXVLYH EUHDVWIHHGLQJ UDWHV DW ELUWK ZHHN    DQG 
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The research was qualitative ZHUHDQGUHVSHFWLYHO\([FOXVLYH
and designed as a case study involving ten families with children EUHDVWIHHGLQJ UDWHV ZHUH KLJKHU LQ ZRUNLQJ   DQG
of various nutritional statuses. In-depth interviews with mothers HGXFDWHG PRWKHUV  FRPSDUHG WR OHVV HGXFDWHG PRWKHUV
and caregivers and observations on childcare practices were   DQG KRXVHZLYHV   %LUWK RUGHU VH[ W\SH RI
employed using a grounded theory approach. The weights and IDPLO\GLGQRWDIIHFWEUHDVWIHHGLQJSDWWHUQVRIWKHLQIDQWV
heights of the children were measured. received colostrums.
RESULTS AND FINDINGS: Mothers were generally less Lack of education and awareness, family traditions, and beliefs
LQYROYHG LQ GHWHUPLQLQJ WKH FKLOG¶V PHQX DQG SUHSDULQJ KLV ZHUHUHDVRQVIRUQRWH[FOXVLYHO\EUHDVWIHHGLQJ
her food when the caregiver was a particularly trusted person, CONCLUSION:([FOXVLYHEUHDVWIHHGLQJUDWHVDUHORZGXHWR
such as an EFM or a long-standing DPC. Variety in protein- ODFNRINQRZOHGJHRQWKHEHQH¿WVRIH[FOXVLYHEUHDVWIHHGLQJ
dense food and vegetables was less in families using EFM as
caregivers, than in those using DPC.
CONCLUSION: Although working mothers generally have
NQRZOHGJHRIIRRGDQGQXWULWLRQDQGJUHDWHU¿QDQFLDODXWKRULW\
than non-working mothers, their ability to determine child food
TXDOLW\LQWDNHZDVOLPLWHGLQIDPLOLHVXVLQJWUXVWHGFDUHJLYHUV

492
P104-11 received dietary counseling related to ten steps of health feeding
DIETARY PRACTICES AND CONSTIPATION IN for children lower than two years. At 12 months it was evaluated
CHILDREN the consumption of high energy density food, categorized into
Boscaini, Camile; Vitolo, Marcia high sugar density foods (HSD) and high lipid density foods
Federal University of Health Sciences of Porto Alegre, Porto (HDL).
Alegre & Rio Grande do Sul, BRA RESULTS: The intervention was associated with lower
FRQVXPSWLRQRIGURSV 55&, VRIWGULQNV
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: The aims of the present 55   &,   KRQH\ 55   &, 
study were to clarify the etiology and to evaluate the prevalence FRRNLHV 55&, FKRFRODWH 55
of functional intestinal constipation in children at four years of  &,   DQG VQDFNV 55   &,  
age and to identify possible dietary risk factors associated to 7KHDGMXVWHGDQDO\VHVVKRZHGWKDWH[FOXVLYHEUHDVWIHHGLQJIRU
this gastrointestinal symptom. OHVV WKDQ  PRQWKV DQG SODFHPHQW LQ WKH FRQWURO JURXS ZHUH
MATERIALS & METHODS: Longitudinal study of children associated with lower HSD and HLD food consumption.
recruited at birth and submitted a nutritional intervention after CONCLUSION: $GLHWDU\FRXQVHOLQJGXULQJWKH¿UVW\HDURI
a randomized trial. OLIHLPSURYHVIHHGLQJSUDFWLFHVDWPRQWKVRIDJH
RESULTS & FINDINGS: Overall prevalence of constipation
ZDV  &KLOGUHQ ZKR KDG UHFHLYHG H[FOXVLYH EUHDVW
feeding for less than four months had twice as many chances P104-14
RI GHYHORSLQJ FRQVWLSDWLRQ &,    +DYLQJ PRUH THE ACCEPTANCE OF SPRINCLE TABURIN IN
WKDQWZRERWWOHVIHHGLQJRIPLONSHUGD\ &, DQG BANGGAI DISTRICT, INDONESIA
PRUHWKDQPHDOVSHUGD\ &, ZHUHGLHWDU\ Hariadi1, Yustiyanty Monoarfa2, Zescamelya Uno2,; Abubakar
practices associated with the problem. The quantity of water Tawali2, Abd. Razak Thaha2,
DQG ¿EHU LQWDNH SUHVHQWHG D WHQGHQF\ WR GLIIHU EHWZHHQ WKH 1
'LVWULFW+HDOWK2I¿FH%DQJJDL2 School, Hasanuddin
FKLOGUHQZLWKDQGZLWKRXWFRQVWLSDWLRQ &,&, University, Indonesia
 UHVSHFWLYHO\
CONCLUSION: The results of the present study conclude that 2QH ZD\ WR RYHUFRPH LURQ GH¿FLHQF\ DQHPLD LQ LQIDQWV
the prevalence of functional constipation at 4 years of age is is to give them sprincle which contains micronutrients. A
highly prevalent and dietary practices play an important role in QXPEHU RI HI¿FDF\ VWXGLHV KDYH VKRZQ WKDW WKH LQWHUYHQWLRQ
this problem. of complementary feeding (CF) which contains adequate
micronutrients is capable to decrease anemia prevalence.
Taburin is sprincle-containing micronutrients suitable for
P104-12 LQIDQWVLQH[SHQVLYHDQGHDV\WRFRQVXPH7DEXULQLVSURGXFHG
NUTRITION PROGRAM REDUCES DIARRHEA IN by MOH.
CHILDREN 7KLVUHSRUWLVSDUWRIWKHHI¿FDF\VWXG\RI7DEXULQFRQGXFWHG
Bernardi, Juliana R.; Vitolo, Marcia in Banggai District, Central Sulawesi Province, Indonesia from
Federal University of Health Science of Porto Alegre-Brazil, -XQHWR1RYHPEHUWRLQIDQWV¶PRWKHUVDVWKHUHVSRQGHQWV
Porto Alegre-Rio Grande do Sul, BRA Data was collected through interviews and observation.
7KHUHVXOWVVKRZFRQVLVWHQWFRQVXPSWLRQRI7DEXULQLV
OBJECTIVES -To evaluate the impact on a Brazilian health $OO UHVSRQGHQWV   OLNHG 7DEXULQ¶V WH[WXUHV DQG FRORU
policy in the occurrence of diarrhea and the determining factors HDV\DFFHVVWRJHWWRNHHSDQGWRVHUYHWDEXULQRIWKH
LQFKLOGUHQWZHOYHDQGVL[WHHQPRQWKVRIDJH respondents admitted that the colour of the food has changed
METHODS - $ UDQGRPL]HG ¿HOG WULDO ZDV FRQGXFWHG ZLWK EHFDXVHRIWDEXULQVSULQNOHVDLGWKHUHZDVDFKDQJHRI
¿YH KXQGUHG SDLUV PRWKHUFKLOG GLYLGHG LQ WZR JURXSV 7KH WDVWH$OOUHVSRQGHQWV  UHSRUWHGWKHLQFUHDVHRIDSSHWLWH
intervention group received dietary advice during the child’s  RI WKH LQIDQWV ZHUH DFWLYHO\ PRYHG  LQIDQWV
¿UVW\HDURIOLIH7KHFRQWURODQGLQWHUYHQWLRQJURXSVUHFHLYHG EHFDPH DFWLYHO\ WDONLQJ $ERXW  LQIDQWV VXIIHUHG IURP
YLVLWVDWVL[DQGWZHOYHPRQWKV GLDUUKHDH  FRQVWLSDWHG DQG   LQIDQWV¶ WLQMD EHFDPH
FINDINGS - 2I WKH  FKLOGUHQ H[DPLQHG  KDG greenesh.
RFFXUUHQFHRIHSLVRGHVRIGLDUUKHDLQWKHFRQWUROJURXS CONCLUSION: Taburin can be consumed because of its easy
DQG  RI WKH LQWHUYHQWLRQ &KLOGUHQ ZLWK GLDUUKHD KDG D access and practical serve, and that there was no any complaint
KLJKHU LQFLGHQFH RI KRVSLWDOL]DWLRQ IHYHU 53  &, LQÀXHQFLQJWKHFRQVLVWHQF\RIFRQVXPLQJWDEXULQ
    DQG LQIHFWLRQV 53  &,     2I
the variables analyzed, the intervention group (p=0.00; RP
&, DQGPRUHHGXFDWLRQRIIDWKHU 53 P104-15
&, KDYHEHHQDVVRFLDWHGZLWKORZHULQFLGHQFH PREDOMINANT BREAST FEEDING: RISKS AND
of diarrhea. POTENTIAL IN PAKISTAN
CONCLUSION - A nutritional education program during Akram, D S.1; Nisar, Yasir B.2; Hazir, Tabish; Agho,
WKH¿UVW\HDURIOLIHUHGXFHGRFFXUUHQFHRIGLDUUKHDE\LQ Kingsley4; Ashraf, Yusra P.; Dibley, Michael J.
infants. Moreover, father’s higher education was associated 1
Health Education and Literacy program, Karachi, PAK;
ZLWKORZHUGLDUUKHDUDWHVE\ 2
Population Council, Islamabad, PAK; Pakistan Institute of
Medical Sciences, Islamabad, PAK; 4University of Western
Sydney, PENRITH NSW, AUS; ARI Research Cell,
P104-13 Islamabad, PAK; The University of Sydney, Sydney, NWS,
A NUTRITIONAL INTERVENTION REDUCES EARLY AUS
CONSUMPTION OF HIGH DENSITY ENERGY FOODS
IN CHILDREN AGED 12 TO 16 MONTHS RATIONALE: ,Q3DNLVWDQWKHUDWHRIH[FOXVLYHEUHDVWIHHGLQJ
Vitolo, Marcia; Campagnolo, Paula D.; Bortolini, Gisele A. (%) LVORZEHLQJXSWRPRQWKVRIDJH,IWKHUDWHRI
Federal University of Health Science of Porto Alegre- Brazil, predominant feeding (giving water with breastfeeding) is
Porto Alegre - Rio Grande do Sul, BRA DGGHGWKHUDWHLQFUHDVHVWR+RZHYHUSUHGRPLQDWH%)
is associated with increased infant morbidity and mortality
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the impact of a relative to EBF.
nutritional intervention on reducing high energy density foods. OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors associated with
METHODS: Children were randomized at birth into SUHGRPLQDQWEUHDVWIHHGLQJLQFKLOGWRPRQWKVLQ3DNLVWDQ
intervention and control groups. The intervention group MATERIAL AND METHODS: The Pakistan Demographic
493
DQG+HDOWK6XUYH\GDWDZDVREWDLQHGE\LQWHUYLHZLQJ DQG SUDFWLFH RI PRWKHUV ZDV VLJQL¿FDQWO\ KLJKHU FRPSDUHG WR
 PRWKHUV 'DWD UHODWHG WR H[FOXVLYH SUHGRPLQDQW FRQWURO JURXS  7KH OHQJWK RI H[FOXVLYH EUHDVWIHHGLQJ DPRQJ
EUHDVWIHHGLQJ ZDV DQDO\]HG IRU FKLOGUHQ  PRQWKV RI DJH %& JURXS “ GD\V  ZDV VLJQL¿FDQWO\ KLJKHU WKDQ
The factors associated with predominant breastfeeding were FRQWURO JURXS “ GD\V    7KH UDWH RI H[FOXVLYH
determined. EUHDVWIHHGLQJ XVLQJ SURVSHFWLYH PHWKRG ZDV  DQG 
RESULTS: 2I WKH  LQIDQWV DJHG  PRQWKV  > among BC group and control group respectively; while using
&,   @ ZHUH SUHGRPLQDQWO\ %) 7KH VLJQL¿FDQW FURVVVHFWLRQDOPHWKRGZDVDQGDPRQJ%&JURXS
factors associated with predominant BF were delivery at home and control group respectively.
(p=0.002), delivery by traditional birth attendants (p=0.002), ([FOXVLYHEUHDVWIHHGLQJSUDFWLFHZDVHIIHFWHGE\%&ZLWK2GG
UXUDO UHVLGHQFH S   QR SRVWQDWDO FKHFNXS S   Ratio (OR) 9.7, which indicates mothers given BC 10 times
lower socio-economic status (p=0.002), and lack of maternal DUHPRUHOLNHO\SUDFWLFHH[FOXVLYHEUHDVWIHHGLQJXQWLOPRWKV
HGXFDWLRQ S   This implies that the breastfeeding counseling - starting from
CONCLUSION: $V LQGLFDWHG E\ RXU ¿QGLQJV FRXQVHOLQJ the third trimester of pregnancy - plays an important role in
should focus on rural uneducated women, especially in low- LQFUHDVLQJWKHOHQJWKDQGWKHUDWHRIH[FOXVLYHEUHDVWIHHGLQJ
socio economic families. Counseling can be very successful in
eliminating water supplementation resulting in increased EBF
and therefore reducing morbidity in infants. P104-18
BREASTFEEDING AND WEANING PRACTICES IN
UAE
P104-16 Radwan, Hadia M.
IMPROVING COMPLEMENTARY FEEDING Tawam Hospital, Al Ain, ARE
PRACTICES: EVIDENCE FROM SOUTH ASIA
3DOR/D[PLNDQWD1; Tandon, Rajiv2; Noto Parker, Laurie1 OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed at investigating
1
Intrahealth International, New Delhi, IND; 2Usaid, New the different breastfeeding and weaning practices of Emirati
Delhi, IND mothers.
METHODS: $WRWDORIPRWKHUVZLWKLQIDQWVXSWR\HDUV
OBJECTIVES: USAID’s Vistaar Project, led by IntraHealth of age were interviewed in the MCH centers in UAE.
International, facilitated an evidence review to make RESULTS: Almost all the mothers in the study had initiated
recommendations to the Government of India on complementary EUHDVWIHHGLQJ   7KH DYHUDJH PHDQ GXUDWLRQ RI
feeding for improved child nutrition. EUHDVWIHHGLQJ ZDV  PRQWKV 7KH LQLWLDWLRQ DQG GXUDWLRQ
METHODS: $WHDPRIUHFRJQL]HGQDWLRQDOH[SHUWVFRQGXFWHG RI EUHDVWIHHGLQJ UDWHV ZHUH LQÀXHQFHG E\ PRWKHU¶V DJH DQG
WKH UHYLHZ 7KH WHDP LGHQWL¿HG H[LVWLQJ HYLGHQFH IURP ,QGLD education, parity, rooming in, nipple problem and use of
and the South Asia region through a literature review and direct FRQWUDFHSWLRQ ([FOXVLYH EUHDVWIHHGLQJ DQG DOPRVW H[FOXVLYH
UHTXHVWVIRULQIRUPDWLRQIURPH[SHUWVLQWKH¿HOG7KH\VKRUW breastfeeding rates were highest at 4 months of the infant’s age
OLVWHGLQWHUYHQWLRQVEDVHGRQWKHFULWHULDWKDWWKHDSSURDFKHV DQGUHVSHFWLYHO\ WKHQWKHUDWHGHFOLQHGWRIRU
have documented results at the outcome or impact level. H[FOXVLYHDQGIRUDOPRVWH[FOXVLYHEUHDVWIHGLQIDQWVDW
FINDINGS: 7KHH[SHUWVIHOWWKDWIXUWKHUDSSOLFDWLRQDQGUHYLHZ PRQWKVRIDJH$PRQJLQIDQWVZHUHJLYHQQRQPLONÀXLGV
of several models showing some successes would be useful such as: Anis seed drink (Yansun), grippe water and tea before
(e.g., Positive Deviance, Mainstreaming BCC for Improving PRQWKVRIDJH7KHPDMRULW\RIWKHLQIDQWV  UHFHLYHG
Infant Feeding Practices, Appropriate CF Practices) VROLG IRRG EHIRUH WKH DJH RI  PRQWKV 7KH PRVW UHSRUWHG
They felt that the positive deviance approach has potential and reasons for terminating breastfeeding were: new pregnancy
should be further applied and evaluated.   LQVXI¿FLHQW PLON VXSSO\   DQG LQIDQW ZHDQHG
7KHH[SHUWVIHOWLWZRXOGEHTXLWHFKDOOHQJLQJIRUWKH*RYHUQPHQW LWVHOI  
to adopt donor or NGO-supported pilots since they are often CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that the majority of
YHU\ LQWHQVLYH DQG FRQWH[WVSHFL¿F EXW WKH\ UHFRPPHQGHG WKHLQIDQWVLQWKHVWXG\ZHUHEUHDVWIHG+RZHYHUWKHH[FOXVLYH
the Government review and consider lessons from these pilot breastfeeding rate was very low due to early supplementation of
efforts. ÀXLGDQGVROLGIRRG7KH¿QGLQJVVXJJHVWWKDWVWUDWHJLHVVKRXOG
CONCLUSION: The evidence review process is a useful IRFXV RQ SURPRWLQJ DQG HQFRXUDJLQJ H[FOXVLYH EUHDVWIHHGLQJ
DSSURDFKIRUEXLOGLQJFRQVHQVXVDPRQJWHFKQLFDOH[SHUWVDQG and breastfeeding continuity for longer periods.
program leaders, informing program planning, and assisting
with decision-making.
P104-19
EFFECTS OF EDUCATION LEVEL OF FATHER AND
P104-17 MOTHER ON PERCEPTIONS OF BREASTFEEDING
EFFECT OF BREASTFEEDING COUNSELING ON Shaharia Sultana Hasnain1, Gulshan Ara2 , Syeda Mahsina
EXCLUSIVE BREASTFEEDING PRACTICE Akter2, Aklima Parvin2, Jolly Khanam2, Dr. Momtaz Haque2,
Hardinsyah1, A Nurhayati2, H Syarief1 S K Roy
1
Departement of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human 1
M.Sc. In Food & Nutrition, Department of Food &
Ecology (FEMA) Nutrition,College of Home Economics, University of Dhaka,
Bogor Agricultural University (IPB); 2Nutrition Division of BGD
National Education University (UNP), West Java , IDN 2
Programme Manager, Bangladesh Breastfeeding Foundation,
+5)ODW( UG)ORRU *XOVKDQ'KDND
The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of BGD
breastfeeding counseling (BC) on the length and the rate of 4
&KDLUSHUVRQ%DQJODGHVK%UHDVWIHHGLQJ)RXQGDWLRQ+
H[FOXVLYHEUHDVWIHHGLQJSUDFWLFHRIPRWKHUVLQ%RJRU,QGRQHVLD 5)ODW( UG)ORRU *XOVKDQ'KDND 6HQLRU
For this purpose a randomized control trial was applied among Scientist, Clinical Science Division, ICDDR, B, Mohakhali,
SUHJQDQWZRPHQ 3: RISRRUIDPLOLHV3:IRU%&JURXS Dhaka, BGD
DQG3:IRUFRQWUROJURXS7KH%&ZDVJLYHQVHYHQWLPHV
E\WUDLQHG¿HOGZRUNHUVWRHDFKPRWKHURILQWHUYHQWLRQJURXS
WKURXJK D KRPH YLVLW FRXQVHOLQJ RQ QG DQG WK ZHHNV RI OBJECTIVES: 7KHVSHFL¿FREMHFWLYHVRIWKHVWXG\ZHUHWR
SUHJQDQF\ DQG RQ QG WK WK WK DQG WK GD\V DIWHU H[DPLQH WKH HIIHFWV RI SDUHQW¶V HGXFDWLRQ RQ EUHDVWIHHGLQJ
delivering baby. to assess the pattern of breast feeding for children 0-2 year’s
The results show that the level of nutrition knowledge, attitude age and to assess awareness, belief of father and mother about
494
breastfeeding. P104-21
METHODS: The study was conducted in northern area of ESSENTIAL INTERVENTIONS FOR REDUCING
Dhaka city. It was a descriptive cross-sectional study; sample MALNUTRITION IN INFANTS AND YOUNG
size was 101. Data collection method was face to face interview CHILDREN IN INDIA
by questionnaire. Aguayo, Victor1; 3DOR/D[PLNDQWD2; Parker, Laurie2; Tandon,
RESULTS: 7KLV VWXG\ H[DPLQHG WKH HIIHFWV RI HGXFDWLRQ RI Rajiv
parents on the breastfeeding practice. Lower education had a 1
UNICEF India, New Delhi, IND; 2IntraHealth International,
VLJQL¿FDQWDVVRFLDWLRQ S ZLWKORZEUHDVWIHHGLQJSUDFWLFH New Delhi, IND; USAID India, New Delhi, IND
HVSHFLDOO\ NQRZOHGJH DERXW EUHDVW PLON FRORVWUXP H[FOXVLYH
breast feeding (EBF) and breast feeding. In this study the OBJECTIVE: As part of its Leadership Agenda for Action
PRVWLPSRUWDQW¿QGLQJVZDVDVLJQL¿FDQWDVVRFLDWLRQEHWZHHQ to improve India’s nutrition security, the Coalition for
knowledge about breastfeeding and education of father and Sustainable Nutrition Security in India, chaired by Professor
PRWKHU$ERXW  JUDGXDWH IDWKHUV KDG NQRZOHGJH RQ (%) M S Swaminathan, focuses on the nutrition situation of Indian
ZKHUHDVRQO\OLWHUDWHIDWKHUVNQHZDERXW(%)7KRXJK children. USAID’s Vistaar Project serves as Secretariat.
many illiterate mothers were found to practice breastfeeding METHODS: 7KH &RDOLWLRQ UHTXHVWHG DQ ([SHUW 7DVN )RUFH
without knowing the advantages of breast milk. A positive to identify the most important evidence-based, cost-effective
association was found between breastfeeding practice and interventions to reduce malnutrition among India’s infants and
education of parents. young children.
CONCLUSION: The breastfeeding promotion program should FINDINGS: The Task Force recommended the following
EHH[SDQGHGPRUHZLGHO\LQZKROHFRXQWU\WROHWDOOPRWKHUV proven interventions:
have the same chance to access the new information and ‡,QLWLDWLRQRIEUHDVWIHHGLQJZLWKLQRQHKRXURIELUWK
EHQH¿WVIURPWKHSURJUDPHVSHFLDOO\IRUOHVVHGXFDWHGPRWKHUV ‡([FOXVLYHEUHDVWIHHGLQJGXULQJ¿UVWVL[PRQWKV
in our country. ‡,QWURGXFWLRQRIFRPSOHPHQWDU\IRRGVDWVL[PRQWKV
1 M.Sc. In Food & Nutrition, Department of Food & ‡$JHDSSURSULDWHFRPSOHPHQWDU\IHHGLQJDGHTXDWHLQTXDOLW\
Nutrition,College of Home Economics, University of Dhaka, TXDQWLW\DQGIUHTXHQF\IRUFKLOGUHQPRQWKV
Bangladesh. ‡6DIH KDQGOLQJ RI FRPSOHPHQWDU\ IRRGV DQG K\JLHQLF
2 Programme Manager, Bangladesh Breastfeeding complementary feeding practices
)RXQGDWLRQ+5)ODW( UG)ORRU *XOVKDQ Full immunization and bi-annual vitamin A supplementation
Dhaka-1212, Bangladesh . with deworming
&KDLUSHUVRQ%DQJODGHVK%UHDVWIHHGLQJ)RXQGDWLRQ+ ‡)UHTXHQWDSSURSULDWHDFWLYHIHHGLQJIRUFKLOGUHQGXULQJDIWHU
5)ODW( UG)ORRU *XOVKDQ'KDND 6HQLRU illness, including oral rehydration with zinc supplementation
Scientist, Clinical Science Division, ICDDR, B, Mohakhali, during diarrhea
Dhaka, Bangladesh ‡7LPHO\DQGTXDOLW\WKHUDSHXWLFIHHGLQJDQGFDUHIRUDOOFKLOGUHQ
with severe
‡DFXWHPDOQXWULWLRQ
P104-20 ‡,PSURYHG IRRG DQG QXWULHQW LQWDNH IRU DGROHVFHQW JLUOV
FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH ANEMIA AMONG (particularly to prevent anemia) and adult women (including
BRAZILIAN INFANTS UNDER 6 MONTHS OLD during pregnancy and lactation).
Nejar, Fabiola1; Segall-Correa, Ana Maria2; Perez-Escamilla, CONCLUSION: The Coalition is working with stakeholders
Rafael; Panigassi, Giselli2; Camargo, DFM2; Rea, Marina F.4 WR LQÀXHQFH SROLFLHV DQG SURJUDPV WR LPSOHPHQW HVVHQWLDO
1
University of Taubate, Tuabate, BRA; 2UNICAMP, Campinas, nutrition interventions.
BRA; University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA; 4Sao Paulo
Health Institute, Sao Paulo, BRA
P104-22
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: ,QIDQW LURQ GH¿FLHQF\ LV D THE EFFECT OF SPRINCLE TABURIN ON
serious problem in and delayed umbilical cord clamping can HAEMOGLOBIN CONCENTRATION AND ANEMIA
boost the child’s iron reserves. This study objective was to PREVALENCE OF CHILDREN 6-12 MONTHS OLD
H[DPLQHWKLVDQGRWKHUDVVRFLDWLRQV Yustiyanty Monoarfa1, Hariadi2, Widjianto2, Abubakar Tawali1;
METHODS: 3URVSHFWLYHVWXG\RILQIDQWVVHOHFWHGDWELUWK Anang Otoluwa2, Abd. Razak Thaha2,;
DQG IROORZHG XQWLO  GD\V ,QIDQW¶V EORRG ZDV FROOHFWHG DW 1
'LVWULFW+HDOWK2I¿FH%DQJJDL2Graduate School,
ELUWKDQGDWGD\V Hasanuddin University, IDN
RESULTS & FINDINGS:  RI PRWKHUV H[SHULHQFHG
DQHPLD GXULQJ SUHJQDQF\ 2QO\  LQIDQW KDG KHPRJORELQ
EHORZJGODWELUWKKRZHYHUZHUHDQHPLFDWGD\V BACKGROUND: $QHPLD GH¿FLHQF\ LQ LQIDQWV KDV UHDFKHG
7KHDYHUDJHWLPHRIFRUGFODPSLQJZDVVHFRQGVDQGRQO\  6.57 2QHZD\WRRYHUFRPHDQHPLDGH¿FLHQF\
 RI FRUGV ZHUH FODPSHG DIWHU  VHFRQGV 3UHYDOHQFH RI is to supplement micro nutrition. The objective of the research
DQ\RUH[FOXVLYHO\EUHDVWIHHGLQJZHUHDQGDW LV WR WHVW WKH HI¿FDF\ RI7DEXULQ VSULQNOH WR +E FRQFHQWUDWLRQ
GD\V UHVSHFWLYHO\ 0XOWLYDULDWH DQDO\VLV LGHQWL¿HG VLJQL¿FDQW DQGDQHPLDSUHYDOHQFHLQLQIDQWVRIPRQWKVRIDJH
DVVRFLDWLRQV S  EHWZHHQ DQHPLD DQG ODFN RI H[FOXVLYH 0HWKRG 7KH UHVHDUFK ZDV FRQGXFWHG LQ  XVLQJ GRXEOH
breastfeeding, low birth weight and prematurity. blinded pre-post test controlled design. The number of sample
CONCLUSION: Adequate prenatal care and breastfeeding LVLQIDQWVı+E  6XQDZDQJ UHOLDELOLW\
promotion are likely to protect infants against anemia.  SRZHUWHVW  %HIRUHDQGDIWHUUHVHDUFK+E
concentration was tested. Taburin is given for as long as 90
days.
RESULTS: 7KHUH ZDV QR VLJQL¿FDQW GLIIHUHQFH LQ +E
concentration before and after the intervention in each group
and the increase of Hb concentration between the two groups.
+RZHYHUWKHUHZDVDVLJQL¿FDQWGLIIHUHQFHRI+EFRQFHQWUDWLRQ
EHWZHHQWKHWZRJURXSVDIWHULQWHUYHQWLRQ S  9HORFLW\
Hb concentration in the intervension group was 0.21 or
IRXU WLPHV KLJKHU WKDQ WKH FRQWUROOHG JURXS   7KH
intervention of Group Proportion whose Hb concentration did
QRW LQFUHDVH LV VPDOOHU   DV FRPSDUHG WR WKH FRQWUROOHG
495
JURXS  7KHSURSRUWLRQRIDQHPLFLQIDQWVZDVQRUPDOLQ RESULTS & FINDINGS:7KH7,%)UDWHZDV$WRWDO
WKH LQWHUYHQVLRQ JURXS   DQG FRQWUROOHG JURXS  RIRILQIDQWVZHUHGHOLYHUHGYDJLQDOO\WKURXJKDQ
Normal infants suffered from anemia in the intervension group HOHFWLYH DQG  WKURXJK DQ HPHUJHQF\ FHVDUHDQ VHFWLRQ
LVFRQWUROOHGJURXS&XUHUDWHLQWKHLQWHUYHQVLRQ 7KHFRUUHVSRQGLQJ7,%)UDWHDFURVVGHOLYHU\PRGHVZDV
JURXSLVFRQWUROOHG7DEXULQLVSURWHFWLYHWR DQGUHVSHFWLYHO\ S 
DQHPLD 55 LV   ,Q WKH FRQWUROOHG JURXS DQHPLD ULVN LV CONCLUSIONS: Planned or unplanned cesarean section
 55  deliveries represent a major barrier for TIBF. Preventing
CONCLUSION: Taburin consumed in 90 days can increase unnecessary cesarean sections and offering breastfeeding
Hb concentration, prevent anemia and decrease anemia initiation support to women delivering their newborns through
SUHYDOHQFH7RREWDLQPRUHVLJQL¿FDQWUHVXOWVLWLVDGYLVDEOHWR this surgical procedure is likely to improve early breastfeeding
consume Taburin more than 90 days. Further study is required outcomes in.
WRGHWHUPLQHWKHH[DFWWLPHWRFRQVXPHWDEXULQ

P104-25
P104-23 EFFECTS OF FERMENTATION AND GERMINATION
THE EFFECT OF SPRINCLE TABURIN ON GROWTH ON FORMULATED SWEET POTATO-COWPEA
AND MOTORIC DEVELOPMENT OF INDOENSIA COMPLEMENTARY FOOD
CHILDREN 6-12 MONTHS Ignatius A. Onimawo1and Peter I. Akubor2
Zescamelya Uno 1, Hariadi2, Suryani Armyn1, Noldy Tampi2, Department of Biochemistry, Ambrose Alli University, PMB
Widjianto2, Abdul Razak Thaha1 14, Ekpoma.
1
School, Hasanuddin University; 2'LVWULFW+HDOWK2I¿FH 2
Food Science & Technology, Federal Polytechnic, P.M.B
Banggai, IDN ,GDK1*$

BACKGROUND: Sprinkle Taburin is a multivitamin-mineral


FRQWDLQLQJNLQGVRIYLWDPLQDQGPLQHUDOLQDSRZGHUIRUP RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Poor weaning practices
The objectives of this research is to assess the effect of Taburin and high cost of complementary foods aggravate childhood
WRWKHJURZWKDQGGHYHORSPHQWRIFKLOGUHQDJHGEXODQ7KH malnutrition and mortality. Thus complementary foods were
study was carried out using double blind pre-post test control prepared from blends of raw (untreated) and fermented sweet
group design. Taburin was consumed for as long as 90 days. SRWDWRDORQJZLWKJHUPLQDWHGIHUPHQWHGDQGUDZFRZSHDÀRXUV
RESULTS: The growth line of intervension group is slightly that could be acceptable and nutritionally adequate.
under the WHO normal growth line, while controlled group is METHODS: Chemical, physical and sensory properties of
lower than the intervension group. Development mean of all sweet potato cowpea weaning foods were determined using
indicator Z-score decreased in both groups and statistically not standard methods.
VLJQL¿FDQW'HFUHDVHLQLQWHUYHQVLRQJURXSLVDVIROORZV:$= RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The protein content of the
PDOH“IHPDOH“ +$= PDOH“ YDULRXV IRUPXODWLRQV UDQJHG EHWZHHQ  DQG 
 IHPDOH  “    'HYHORSPHQW 0HDQ +$= PDOH Germination decreased the protein and fat contents, but slightly
 “  IHPDOH  “   DQG:+= PDOH   “ LQFUHDVHGWKHFUXGH¿EHUDQGFDUERK\GUDWHFRQWHQWVRIFRZSHD
 IHPDOH  “   FRPSDUHG ZLWK FRQWUROOHG JURXS ÀRXU 7KH FDORULF FRQWHQW RI VZHHW SRWDWR FRZSHD ZHDQLQJ
:$= PDOH  “  IHPDOH “   +$=  PDOH IRRG UDQJHG EHWZHHQ  DQG  NFDOJ  )HUPHQWDWLRQ
 “  IHPDOH  “   DQG:+= PDOH   “ and germination decreased the water absorption capacity of
IHPDOH“  FRZSHDZKLOHIHUPHQWDWLRQLQFUHDVHGWKDWRIVZHHWSRWDWRÀRXU
The effect of Taburin was not optimal to the growth for a reason: Physicochemical properties were also determined.
macronutrient intake was not optimum (when compared to the CONCLUSION: The results showed that acceptable
FKLOG¶V 5'$  ERWK LQ LQWHUYHQWLRQ JURXS  HQHUJ\ DQG complementary foods could be prepared from sweet potato and
SURWHLQ DQGFRQWUROOHGJURXS HQHUJ\DQG cowpea blends.
protein).
7KHPRWRULFGHYHORSPHQWLVEHWWHUVLJQL¿FDQWO\LQLQWHUYHQWLRQ
JURXS “  WKDQ LQ FRQWUROOHG JURXS “  S P104-26
value = 0,000). EFFECTIVENESS OF LOCALLY PRODUCED
CONCLUSION: 7DEXULQ KDV QR VLJQL¿FDQW HIIHFW WR FKLOG PLUMPYNUT AND NEWLY DEVELOPED READY-TO-
growth when the macronutrient intake is not optimal. In the USE FOODS (RUF) FOR WASTED CHILDREN IN NIAS,
VDPHFRQGLWLRQ7DEXULQKDVVLJQL¿FDQWHIIHFWWRFKLOGPRWRULF INDONESIA
development. Bellows, Anne C.; Biesalski, Hans K.; Inayati, Dyah A.;
SUGGESTION: Taburin should be consumed together with Pangaribuan, Rosnani V.; Purwestri, Ratna C.;
CF that contains optimal macronutirent. 4DLP0DWLQScherbaum, Veronika; Suryantan, Julia;
Wirawan, Nia N.
University of Hohenheim,Germany
P104-24
CESAREAN SECTIONS PREVENT THE TIMELY OBJECTIVES: ,Q GDLO\ SURJUDP IRU PRGHUDWHO\PLOGO\
INITIATION OF BREASTFEEDING IN BRAZIL wasted children, to study the effectiveness of locally produced
6HJXUD3pUH]6R¿D1; Perez-Escamilla, Rafael2; Rea, Marina PlumpyNut and RUF-biscuits on weight gain.
F.; Segall-Correa, Ana Maria4; Marín-León, Leticia4 METHODS: :DVWHGFKLOGUHQ ZHLJKWIRUKHLJKW]VFRUH•
1
Hispanic Health Council, Hartford, CT, USA; 2University of WR DJHG•WRPRQWKVZHUHUHFUXLWHGLQWKH&KXUFK
Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA; Sao Paulo Health Institute, Sao World Service project area in NiasIsland from October 2007 to
Paulo, BRA; 4UNICAMP, Campinas, BRA -XQH)HHGLQJFHQWUHVZHUHUDQGRPO\VHOHFWHGDOOHOLJLEOH
children in the respective centre received one appointed food-
OBJECTIVES: ([DPLQH WKH DVVRFLDWLRQ EHWZHHQ QHZERUQ¶V based intervention in a daily program. Discharge criteria was
delivery mode and the timely initiation of breastfeeding (TIBF), :+=•6'
i.e., within one hour after delivery. PRELIMINARY RESULTS: 6RIDURXWRIPRGHUDWHO\
MATERIAL & METHODS:$QDO\WLFDOVDPSOHLQFOXGHG mildly wasted children recovered successfully. Best weight
ZRPHQZLWKFKLOGUHQ\SDUWLFLSDWLQJLQWKH%UD]LOLDQ JDLQ JNJ%:G ZDVDFKLHYHGE\58)ELVFXLWVIROORZHG
Demographic and Health Survey (DHS). Univariate and E\ ORFDOO\ SURGXFHG 3OXPS\1XW JNJ%:G  LQ GDLO\
bivariate analyses adjusted for sampling design effects. intervention programs.
496
7KH DYHUDJH OHQJWK RI VWD\ ZDV DSSUR[LPDWHO\  ZHHNV countries.
$OWKRXJKWKHSULFHRIORFDOO\SURGXFHG3OXPS\1XW 
¼SHUJ ZDVKLJKHUWKDQRI58) ±¼SHUJ 
slightly better weight gain was achieved with RUF biscuits. P104-29
CONCLUSION: 0RGHUDWHO\PLOGO\ZDVWHGFKLOGUHQUHFHLYLQJ INFANTS WELL-NOURISHED DESPITE POVERTY:
locally produced RUF-biscuits and PlumpyNut in daily WHAT MAKES THEM DIFFERENT?
SURJUDPVJDLQHGVXI¿FLHQWZHLJKWDQGUHFRYHUHGTXLFNO\ Sethi, Vani1; Kashyap, Sushma2; Agarwal, Siddharth1
1
Urban Health Resource Centre, Delhi, IND; 2Lady Irwin
College, Delhi, IND
P104-27
PROTECTING THE RIGHT OF CHILDREN AND RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Positive deviant (PD)
WOMEN FOR BREASTFEEDING –THE PHILIPPINE infants are poor yet well nourished. We studied factors that
EXPERIENCE contributed to this difference. In 2004, in three villages of 0 21
Raval, Jovita 0LFURVRIW,QWHUQHW([SORUHU
National Nutrition Council, Department of Health Besides genetic predispositions, environmental factors have an
Taguig City, PHL important impact on the development of non-infection diseases.
The main goal of PP400T was focused on epidemiological
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The Philippines is one situation concerning risk factors for cardiovascular diseases
of the countries with the lowest breastfeeding prevalence rates among inhabitants of Polish small towns and villages.
ZLWK RQO\  RI LQIDQWV EHORZ VL[ PRQWKV DUH H[FOXVLYHO\ The aim of the project was to evaluate frequency of overweight
breastfeeding. Many factors contribute to the diminished and obesity occurrence among children and adolescents in small
breastfeeding culture including inadequate promotion of towns and villages as well as their knowledge on health-related
EUHDVWIHHGLQJ DQG OD[ HQIRUFHPHQW RI EUHDVWIHHGLQJ ODZV DQG behavior.
policies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 7KH VWXG\ LQFOXGHG 
MATERIALS AND METHODOLOGY: The presentation VXEMHFWVDJHWRIURPVPDOOWRZQVDQGYLOODJHV2YHUZHLJKW
will describe the turn-about of country efforts to promote, ZDVGLDJQRVHGZKHQ%0,H[FHHGHGFHQWLOHVZKHUHDVREHVLW\
protect and support breastfeeding. Data is derived from review RYHUFHQWLOHV7KHGDWDFROOHFWHGLQWKHVXUYH\ZDVDQDO\]HG
of policies, programs and guidelines related to breastfeeding. ZLWKWKH6$66\VWHPIRU:LQGRZV5HOHDVH
RESULTS AND FINDINGS: A National Policy and Plan RESULTS: 2YHUZHLJKW ZDV GHWHUPLQHG LQ  DQG REHVLW\
of Action on infant and young child feeding (IYCF) were LQRIWKHSRSXODWLRQLQWKHVWXG\,QWKHJLUOV\HDUV
DSSURYHGLQZKLFKDLPVWRSURWHFWEUHDVWIHHGLQJLQYDULRXV ROG DQ H[FHVV RI ERG\ PDVV ZDV PRUH IUHTXHQWO\ GHWHFWHG
settings. The implementing rules and regulations of the Milk DVFRPSDUHWRER\V S  ,Q\RXQJHUFKLOGUHQQRVH[
&RGHZDVUHYLVHGLQ$SROLF\WRUHYLYHWKH0%)+,ZDV related difference was found out.
adopted in 2007. Massive training on IYCF and nationwide In the poll, the subjects unanimously considered the following
DQG ORFDO EUHDVWIHHGLQJ SURPRWLRQ LV EHLQJ GRQH  ([FOXVLYH products as healthy: fruits and vegetables, milk and diary
EUHDVWIHHGLQJ UDWHV FRQWLQXH WR LQFUHDVH IURP  LQ 0DUFK products and wholegrain bread. Girls’ knowledge was
LQ-XQHDQGLQ6HSWHPEHU VLJQL¿FDQWO\KLJKHUWKDQWKHER\V¶HVSHFLDOO\LQWKHROGHUDJH
CONCLUSION: Protecting breastfeeding requires strong groups.
political will, enactment of laws and provision of support for 7KH DODUPLQJ SUREOHP LQ WKLV VWXG\ ZDV WKDW QHDUO\  
massive promotion. of responders (children and adolescents) did not consider
tobacco smoking, alcohol drinking and drugs intake as health
deteriorating factors. The study showed that responders used to
P104-28 VSHQGDERXWKRXUVGDLO\ZDWFKLQJ79RUFRPSXWHU$WWKH
EXCLUSIVE BREASTFEEDING RESULTED IN same time, it was observed in older age groups that physical
BETTER GROWTH OF INFANTS 0-6 MONTHS: activity decreased as a result of longer TV or computer hours.
EVIDENCE FROM A LONGITUDINAL STUDY IN ,QVXEMHFWLYHDVVHVVPHQWUHVSRQGHQWVFODLPHGWREHYHU\
RURAL BANGLADESH DFWLYH SK\VLFDOO\  SHUFHLYHG WKHPVHOYHV DV DYHUDJHO\
Saha, Kuntal K.1; Rasheed, Sabrina1; Frongillo, Edward A.2; DFWLYHDQGDVOHVVDFWLYH%R\VZHUHPRUHSK\VLFDOO\DFWLYH
Arifeen, Shams E.1; Persson, Lars A.; Rasmussen, Kathleen than girls in all age groups.
M.4 CONCLUSIONS: The study shows that intervention
1
ICDDR,B, Dhaka, BGD; 2University of Sounth Carolina, concerning healthy life-style should be applied very early and
Columbia, SC, USA; Uppsala University, Uppsala, SWE; education should be continued during all life span.
4
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: :+2 SURPRWHV H[FOXVLYH P104-30


EUHDVWIHHGLQJ (%)  IRU WKH ¿UVW  PRQWKV  :H LQYHVWLJDWHG LEARNING AND UTILIZING LOCAL WISDOM FOR
the effects of EBF on growth of infants to this age in rural BREASTFEEDING PROMOTION
Bangladesh. Agarwal, Siddharth; Kashyap, Sushma; Sethi, Vani
MATERIALS & METHODS: We measured feeding, weight, Urban Health Resource Centre, New Delhi, IND
OHQJWK DQG PRUELGLW\ RI  LQIDQWV PRQWKO\ IURP 
months. Infant feeding trajectories were constructed based on RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Behaviour promotion
(%) LQWHUPLWWHQW PL[HG DQG FRPPLWWHG PL[HG IHHGLQJ :H programs often struggle to ensure sustained adoption of
XVHGOLQHDUUHJUHVVLRQWRH[DPLQHDVVRFLDWLRQVEHWZHHQIHHGLQJ UHFRPPHQGHGPHVVDJHV:HXVHGZLVGRPRIPRWKHUVIDPLOLHV
and growth adjusting for potential confounders. practicing optimal behaviours to develop breastfeeding (BF)
RESULTS & FINDINGS: Median duration of EBF was SURPRWLRQPHVVDJHVVWUDWHJ\
 GD\V ZLWK  (%) DW  PRQWKV (%) ZDV DVVRFLDWHG MATERIALS & METHODS: $OO PRWKHUV RI LQIDQWV  
3 ZLWKJUHDWHUDWWDLQHGZHLJKW DQGNJDW months in seven villages in Agra(India) were interviewed.
and 4 months, respectively) and length (0.2 and 0.1 cm at 2 and Those practicing positive BF behaviours were probed to identify
4 months, respectively) of infants. Underweight (1.7-2.2 times) reasons for doing so.
DQGVWXQWLQJ WLPHV ZHUHORZHU 3 DPRQJ(%) RESULTS & FINDINGS: 5HDVRQV WKDW HPHUJHG ZHUH ± L 
infants compared with other infants. IDPLO\HVSHFLDOO\JUDQGPRWKHU PRWKHULQODZROGHUZRPHQRI
CONCLUSION: Promotion of EBF should be reinforced for KRXVHKROG VWURQJO\SHUFHLYLQJSRVLWLYHEHQH¿WRIWKHEHKDYLRXU
better infant growth to prevent undernutrition in low-income DQG DGYLVHGVXSSRUWHG PRWKHU WR IROORZ LW LL  PRWKHU¶V
497
VHOISHUFHSWLRQ RI WKH EHQH¿W HLWKHU WKURXJK REVHUYDWLRQ LQ prevalence of underweight, stunting and wasting did not change
FRPPXQLW\ RU SDVW H[SHULHQFH LLL  EHQH¿W RI SUDFWLFLQJ WKH VLJQL¿FDQWO\ 0HDQ VHUXP ]LQF IHUULWLQ DQG VHUXP YLWDPLQ$
behaviour centred around child and easing household chores, iv) VWDWXV LPSURYHG VWDWLVWLFDOO\ VLJQL¿FDQWO\ ZKLOVW WKH GLHWDU\
tradition(s) favoured behaviour adoption and v) reinforcements LQWDNH FRUUHFWHGIRUIRUWL¿FDWLRQHIIHFW UHPDLQHGWKHVDPH
E\DJRYHUQPHQWGRFWRUQXUVHDQG79SURJUDPV CONCLUSION: 7KH ¿QGLQJV IURP WKLV VHQWLQHO VLWH VXJJHVW
CONCLUSION: Utilizing reported reasons, messages were WKDWOHJLVODWHGIRUWL¿FDWLRQRIIRRGGLGKDYHDVLJQL¿FDQWLPSDFW
FRQWH[WXDOL]HG IRU SURPRWLRQ LQ D IROORZRQ SURJUDP 7KHVH on biochemical micronutrient status of 7-year old learners.
PHVVDJHVLQFOXGHGWHFKQLFDOEHQH¿WDVZHOODVEHQH¿WSHUFHLYHG
by these mothers. This approach also helped identify strategies
to promote BF. One being, promoting messages through people P105-03
who promote positive behaviours in their families. IMPACT OF A MULTIPLE MICRONUTRIENT
FORTIFIED SALT ON THE NUTRITIONAL STATUS
AND COGNITION OF SCHOOL CHILDREN
3)RRG)RUWL¿FDWLRQIRU2SWLPDO1XWULWLRQ,,, Vinodkumar, Malavika
Sundar Serendipity Foundation, Chennai, Tamilnadu, IND

P105-01 RATIONALE &OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to


THE NATIONAL SURVEY OF SODIUM CHLORIDE WHVW WKH HI¿FDF\ RI D PXOWLSOH PLFURQXWULHQW IRUWL¿HG FRRNLQJ
INTAKE AMONG THAIS VDOW LQ FRPEDWLQJ PLFURQXWULHQW GH¿FLHQFLHV DQG LWV HIIHFW RQ
Sinawat, Sangsom; Saiwong, Narong; Maleevong, Kandavasee cognition in children.
Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburee, THA METHODS: A pre and posttest design was used to study
FKLOGUHQWR\HDUVRIDJHZLWKDQH[SHULPHQWDODQGDFRQWURO
7KH ¿UVW QDWLRQDO VXUYH\ RI VRGLXP FKORULGH LQWDNH ZDV JURXS7KHH[SHULPHQWDOJURXS Q  DQGWKHFRQWUROJURXS
FRQGXFWHGGXULQJ7KHSXUSRVHRIWKLVVXUYH\ZDV Q    FRQVLVWHG RI FKLOGUHQ IURP UHVLGHQWLDO VFKRROV LQ
to determine the amount of sodium chloride consumed by Thai HDFK JURXS 7KH H[SHULPHQWDO JURXS UHFHLYHG D IRUWL¿HG VDOW
people from all sources. The data obtained can be used for the FRQWDLQLQJ YLWDPLQ $ % % % % IROLF DFLG QLDFLQ
development of salt iodization strategy in the National Iodine iron, iodine and zinc. The control group received iodized salt.
'H¿FLHQF\'LVRUGHUV&RQWURO3URJUDP Intervention period was 9 months when the given salt was
7KHVXUYH\ZDVFRQGXFWHGXVLQJVWUDWL¿HGPXOWLVWDJHVDPSOLQJ used in cooking in all the meals. Biochemical measurements
from the level of region, province, district, sub-district, village (hemoglobin, serum ferritin, serum transferrin receptor, CRP,
DQG KRXVHKROG   KRXVHKROGV IURP  SURYLQFHV ZHUH serum retinol, serum B12, serum folic acid, serum zinc and
included in this survey. Seven days food list recall was used to urinary iodine) were measured at baseline and at endpoint.
collect the information regarding the frequency consumption of Children who were older than11 years were given cognitive
VDOWFRQWDLQLQJIRRGDQGGD\VZHLJKWLQYHQWRU\PHWKRGZDV tests for memory and attention.
HPSOR\HGWR¿QGRXWWKHDPRXQWRIIRRGFRPSRVHGRIVRGLXP RESULTS: 7KHUH ZDV D VLJQL¿FDQW LPSURYHPHQW 3 
FKORULGHIURPDOOVRXUFHV7KHH[DFWDPRXQWRIVRGLXPFKORULGH ANOVA, in all the biochemical measurements and memory
was determined from nutrition labeling, known sodium chloride VFRUHV LQ WKH H[SHULPHQWDO JURXS ZKHQ FRPSDUHG ZLWK WKH
level for common foods and also from laboratory analysis. control.
The survey result showed that average amount of sodium CONCLUSIONS: The micronutrients are bioavailable from
FKORULGHLQWDNHIURPDOOVRXUFHVRIIRRGZDVJPSHUVRQ WKHIRUWL¿HGVDOWXVHGLQWKLVVWXG\DQGHI¿FDFLRXV
GD\ 6'“ J  RI ZKLFK ZDV GLUHFW KRXVHKROG XVH DQG
JPUHFHLYHGIURPRXWVLGHFRRNHGIRRG7KHKRXVHKROG
VRGLXPFKORULGHFRQVLVWHGRIJPIURPVDOWJPIURP¿VK P105-04
sauce and the rest was from various sources of salt containing DOES IRON FORTIFICATION HAVE AN IMPACT ON
condiments. THE OXIDATIVE STRESS STATUS AMONG NON-
7KH¿QGLQJRIWKLVVXUYH\FDQEHXVHGIRUWKHDGMXVWPHQWRIWKH ANEMIC MEN?
iodine level to fortify to salt and consideration to fortify iodine Pouraram, Hamed1; Elmadfa, Ibrahim1; Siassi, Fereydoun2;
in other food condiments. Dorosti, Ahmad Reza;
Pouraram H Elmadfa I4, Siassi F4, Dorosti AR4
1
University of Vienna, Austria, Vienna, AUT; 2School of Public
P105-02 Health, Tehran, IRN; National Nutrition & Food Technology
EVALUATION OF LEGISLATED FORTIFICATION Research Institute (NNFTRI), Tehran, IRN; 4University of
OF STAPLE FOODS IN A SENTINEL SITE (SOUTH Vienna, Austria, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
AFRICA) and National Nutrition and Food Technology Research
Rina Swart Institute,Tehran,IRN
University of the Dietetics, Western Cape, Bellville, ZAF
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: This study is designed to
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: )RRG IRUWL¿FDWLRQ LV D DVVHVV WKH HIIHFW RI ÀRXU IRUWL¿FDWLRQ SURJUDP ZLWK ,URQ RQ
universally accepted intervention to improve micronutrient R[LGDWLYHVWUHVVELRPDUNHUVDQG,URQVWDWXVDPRQJQRQDQHPLF
intake. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate \HDUROGPHQ
the nutritional status of children pre- and post-legislation of MATERIALS & METHODS:7KLVZDVD¿HOGWULDOVWXG\DQG
IRUWL¿FDWLRQRIVWDSOHIRRGV KDG FRQWURO JURXS  YROXQWHHUV UHFUXLWHG LQ D PXOWLVWDJH
MATERIALS & METHODS: This unmatched case-control VWUDWL¿HGPHWKRG$QWKURSRPHWULFVPHDVXULQJEORRGSUHVVXUH
study compared anthropometric and biochemical micronutrient ))4 ZLWKLWHPV WLPHVKRXUUHFDOOSK\VLFDODFWLYLWLHV
VWDWXV RI *UDGH  VFKRRO FKLOGUHQ SUHIRUWL¿FDWLRQ DQG RQH VKRUWYHUVLRQRI,3$4 DUHWKHPDLQGDWDWKDWZLOOEHJDWKHUHG
DQG WKUHH \HDUV DIWHU IRUWL¿FDWLRQ   VFKRROFKLOGUHQ ZHUH The plasma level of Malonedialdehyde (MDA), Total
randomly selected each year with proportionate representation $QWLR[LGDQW FDSDFLW\ 7$&  6XSHU 2[LGH 'LVPXWDVH 62' 
IURP WKH VL[ SULPDU\ VFKRROV LQ WKH VHQWLQHO VLWH  )ROORZLQJ 3URWHLQ FDUERQ\O DQG 2[LGL]HG /'/ DUH WKH R[LGDWLYH VWUHVV
ethical approval and written informed consent (response rate ELRPDUNHUV LQ RXU VWXG\ $IWHU EDVH OLQH GDWD JDWKHULQJ ÀRXU
  GDWD FROOHFWLRQ ZDV GRQH E\ WUDLQHG ¿HOGZRUNHUV XVLQJ IRUWL¿FDWLRQSURJUDPZDVVWDUWHGZLWK330,URQDVIHUURXV
standardized and trace element free procedures. VXOIDWHDQGDOOSDUWLFLSDQWVZHUHIROORZHGIRUPRQWKV
RESULTS & FINDINGS: Only mean weight-for-age was RESULT & FINDING: The data is under process and will be
VWDWLVWLFDOO\ VLJQL¿FDQWO\ KLJKHU FRPSDUHG WR EDVHOLQH  7KH presented at the congress time.
498
P105-05 P105-07
EFFECT OF HELICOBACTER PYLORI INFECTION EXPLORING THE POTENTIAL OF USING FLAXSEED
ON IRON ABSORPTION IN ASYMPTOMATIC ADULTS IN PAN BREAD
CONSUMING IRON AND ZINC FORTIFIED WHEAT Al-Saqer, Jameela
Lopez de Romaña, Daniel1; Diazgranados, Doricela2; Pizarro, .XZDLW,QVWLWXWHIRU6FLHQWL¿F5HVHDUFK.XZDLW.:7
Fernando2; Olivares, Manuel2; Ruz, Manuel2; Brunser, Oscar2
1
INTA - Universidad de Chile, Santiago, CHL; 2Universidad de This study is to improve the nutritional quality of pan bread
Chile, Santiago, CHL E\XWLOL]LQJYDU\LQJOHYHOVRIÀD[VHHGDVDVRXUFHRIRPHJD
fatty acid.
The objective of the study was to determine the effect of :KROHZKHDWÀRXU ::) DQGZKLWHÀRXU :) ZHUHXVHGDV
Helicobacter pylori infection (HP) on Fe absorption in FRQWURO ÀRXU ZKLOH YDU\LQJ OHYHOV ZLWK     RI ZKROH
DV\PSWRPDWLFDGXOWVFRQVXPLQJ)HDQG=QIRUWL¿HGZKHDW+3 RU FUXVKHG ÀD[VHHG LQ UHSODFHPHQW RI FRQWURO ÀRXU RQ 
ZDVDVVHVVHGXVLQJWKH&XUHDEUHDWKWHVW'D\VXEMHFWV moisture basis, optimized formulations were developed using
UHFHLYHGIRUEUHDNIDVWEUHDGIRUWL¿HGSHU.JÀRXUZLWKHLWKHU RQO\   ÀD[VHHG DQG  '$7(0 )DWW\ DFLG $07+
PJ)HDVVXOIDWH )H6 PJ=QDVVXOIDWH =Q6 ODEHOHG PHWKRGZDVXWLOL]HGIRUGHWHUPLQLQJFRQWHQWRIRPHJDIDWW\
ZLWK)H6RUVDPHDPRXQWVRI)HDVIXPDUDWH )H) =Q acid using HP Gas Chromatograph, Flame Ionization Detector
DV R[LGH =Q2  ODEHOHG ZLWK )H)  'D\  WKH\ UHFHLYHG DQG FROXPQ &36LO 7DLORU 0DGH )$0( 0;PP
the other type of bread. Day 17: blood was drawn to assess &KURPSDFN 
circulating radioactivity. Fe absorption was determined using 7KH FRQWHQW RI RPHJD  LQ :) SDQ EUHDG ZLWK  FUXVKHG
Eakins and Brown’s double-isotopic technique. Prevalence of ÀD[VHHGZDV:)SDQEUHDGZLWKFUXVKHGÀD[VHHG
+3ZDV+3QHJDWLYHDQG+3SRVLWLYHLQGLYLGXDOV ZDVDQG:)SDQEUHDGZLWKZKROHÀD[VHHGOHYHOV
FRPSOHWHG DEVRUSWLRQ VWXGLHV  7KHUH ZHUH QR VLJQL¿FDQW ZHUHUHVSHFWLYHO\FRPSDUHGWRRQO\ZLWK
differences in Fe absorption of either FeS or FeF by infection :)EUHDGFRQWURO7KHFRQWHQWRIRPHJDLQ::)SDQEUHDG
status. HP has no effect on iron absorption in asymptomatic ZLWKFUXVKHGÀD[VHHGZDVDQG::)SDQEUHDGZLWK
DGXOWVFRQVXPLQJ)HDQG=QIRUWL¿HGZKHDW FUXVKHGÀD[VHHGZDVDQG::)SDQEUHDGZLWK
)21'(&<7JUDQW  ZKROH ÀD[VHHG OHYHOV ZHUH   UHVSHFWLYHO\
FRPSDUHGWRRQO\ZLWK::)EUHDGFRQWURO
)OD[VHHGFDQEHVXFFHVVIXOO\XVHGIRUSURGXFLQJEUHDGULFKLQ
P105-06 RPHJDIDWW\DFLGVSURYLGLQJKHDOWK\IRRGSURGXFWV
YOUNG FDA PARTICIPATION IN IODINE
DEFICIENCY DISORDERS PREVENTION AND
CONTROL PROGRAM P105-08
Saiwongse, Narong1; Polprapai, Suchittra2; Maleevong, PHYSICO-CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND SENSORY
Kandavasee; Kannu, Payungsri2 ACCEPTABILITY OF COWPEA-FORTIFIED BISCUITS
1
Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi, THA; 2Nutrition Amonsou, Eric O.1; Houssou, Paul2; Sakyi-Dawson, Esther;
Division, Nontaburi, THA; Regional Health Promotion FIRIBU, SAALIA
Center1, Bangkok, THA 1
Univerisity of Pretoria, Pretoria, ZAF; 237$$,15$%3RUWR
Novo, BEN; University of Ghana, Accra, GHA
OBJECTIVES: Major measure to control IDD in is salt
LRGL]DWLRQ7KH3XEOLF+HDOWK1RWL¿FDWLRQVWLSXODWHVWKDWLRGLQH &RZSHD LV DQ LQH[SHQVLYH VRXUFH RI YHJHWDEOH SURWHLQV
LQHGLEOHVDOWVKRXOGQRWOHVVWKDQSSP,WLVYLWDOWKDWLRGL]HG Although, its use as substitution improves the nutritional values
salt quality be monitored regularly. RIIRRGVLWPD\LQÀXHQFHWKHDFFHSWDELOLW\RI¿QLVKHGSURGXFWV
METHOD: Young FDA have been established by FDA to This study evaluated the effects of cowpea varieties and
PRQLWRUWR[LFVXEVWDQFHVERUD[IRUPDOLQVRGLXPK\GURVXO¿GH dehulling methods on nutritional quality and acceptability of
and salicylic acid in processed food. They are school children FRZSHDIRUWL¿HGELVFXLWV:KLWHPDURRQDQGPRWWOHGFRZSHDV
trained to use simple kits in their communities and schools ZHUHGU\GHKXOOHGDQGZHWGHKXOOHGSULRUWRPLOOLQJLQWRÀRXUV
on voluntary basis. Since I-kit has been developed and young 'HKXOOHGFRZSHDÀRXUVZHUHVXEVWLWXWHGZLWKZKHDWÀRXUDW
FDA are capable of using test kits, Department of Health has   DQG  ZZ  OHYHOV IRU WKH SUHSDUDWLRQ RI FRZSHD
requested FDA for young FDA participation in checking iodine IRUWL¿HG ELVFXLWV 3K\VLFRFKHPLFDO DQDO\VHV DQG VHQVRU\
content in edible salt by I-kit. Iodine quality control by young acceptability test were conducted on processed biscuits. There
FDA under supervision of Bureau of Inspection and Evaluation, ZDVQRVLJQL¿FDQWYDULDWLRQ S LQVWXGLHGSDUDPHWHUVDPRQJ
3XEOLF +HDOWK 0LQLVWU\ KDV EHHQ LPSOHPHQWHG VLQFH  cowpea varieties. Density of biscuits was affected by dehulling
After being trained, young FDA has monitored iodized salt methods and cowpea proportion in biscuits. Cowpea addition at
quality ever since twice a year (Dec-Jan and May-Jun) in their DQGOHYHOVLQFUHDVHGWKHSURWHLQFRQWHQWVRIELVFXLWV
households, schools, fresh markets in communities. Young FDA E\ DSSUR[LPDWHO\  DQG  UHVSHFWLYHO\ )DW FRQWHQWV
disseminate IDD knowledge to their parents and friends as well. ZHUHQRWVLJQL¿FDQWO\GLIIHUHQW  8SWRFRZSHDLQ
RESULTS: From Bureau of Inspection and Evaluation report ELVFXLWV ZDV DFFHSWDEOH IRU FRORXU WH[WXUH DQG WDVWH %LVFXLWV
QDWLRQZLGH KRXVHKROG FRYHUDJH RI TXDOL¿HG LRGL]HG VDOW FRQWDLQLQJ  FRZSHD ZDV OHVV GHVLUDEOH DQG XQDFFHSWDEOH
ZDV LQDQGLQKLJKHUWKDQWKHWDUJHW GXHWRWKHSHUFHSWLRQRIEHDQ\ÀDYRXU)ORXUPL[FRQVLVWLQJRI
LQGLFDWRURIDQGLQDQGUHVSHFWLYHO\  :KHDW DQG  FRZSHD FRXOG EH UHFRPPHQGHG IRU WKH
CONCLUSION: Young FDA participation in IDD control SURGXFWLRQRIDFFHSWDEOHFRZSHDIRUWL¿HGELVFXLWV
program has strengthened iodized salt quality control greatly, as
a role model not only in household iodized salt monitoring but
also awareness raising in their communities.

499
P105-09 P105-11
IMPLEMENTING AN EFFECTIVE LYSINE-FORTIFICATION OF ICED-KENKEY, AN
COMMUNICATIONS PROGRAMME FOR INDIGENOUS FERMENTED MAIZE-DRINK
SUCCESSFUL FOOD FORTIFICATIPON IN GHANA Tano-Debrah, Kwaku; Saalia, Firibu K.; Annor, George A.;
4XDUVKLH .DWH %1; Amoaful, Esi F.1; 4XD\H (PPDQXHO 32; Owiah, Sampson G.; Brenya, Adwoa S. University of Ghana,
Agyepong, Ernestina Accra, GHA
1
Ghana Health Service, Accra, Greater Accra Region, GHA;
2
)RRGDQG'UXJV%RDUG*$,1$FFUD*+$UNICEF, Accra, RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Iced-kenkey is an
GHA indigenous maize-based food beverage in Ghana. Nutritionally,
it is limited in lysine and was therefore considered for lysine-
$QHPLDDQG9LWDPLQ$GH¿FLHQF\DUHKLJKO\SUHYDOHQWLQ*KDQD IRUWL¿FDWLRQ  7KH REMHFWLYH RI WKLV VWXG\ ZDV WR LQYHVWLJDWH
:KLOH RYHU  RI SUHVFKRRO FKLOGUHQ DUH DIIHFWHG E\ ERWK WKHDFFHSWDELOLW\DQGQXWULWLRQDOYDOXHRIO\VLQHIRUWL¿HGLFHG
GH¿FLHQFLHVDERXWRISUHJQDQWZRPHQDQGRIZRPHQ kenkey.
of child-bearing age are anemic. MATERIALS AND METHODS:$%R[%HQNHQGHVLJQZDV
A social marketing and communications campaign being XVHGWRSURGXFHO\VLQHIRUWL¿HGLFHGNHQNH\VDPSOHVXVLQJDQ
LPSOHPHQWHG DV SDUW RI WKH *$,1 ±VXSSRUWHG 1DWLRQDO )RRG improved traditional process. The samples were analyzed for
)RUWL¿FDWLRQ 3URJUDPPH LQ FROODERUDWLRQ ZLWK 81,&() DLPV amino acids, protein, fat, ash, sugars, iron and energy contents.
at creating awareness and improving knowledge on the control They were also subjected to sensory analysis as well as a
RIWKHVHGH¿FLHQFLHVWKURXJKWKHFRQVXPSWLRQRIIRUWL¿HGZKHDW consumer survey.
ÀRXUSURGXFWVDQGIRUWL¿HGYHJHWDEOHRLODVSDUWRIDQXWULWLRQDOO\ RESULTS AND FINDINGS:/\VLQHIRUWL¿FDWLRQXSWR
adequate diet. yielded a product that was acceptable organoleptically. The
7KH FDPSDLJQ ZDV GHYHORSHG EDVHG RQ ¿QGLQJV RI FRQVXPHU O\VLQHIRUWL¿HGLFHGNHQNH\ZDVKLJKO\DFFHSWDEOHWREHYHUDJH
research consumers.
Materials developed which comprised radio spot and jingle, CONCLUSION: The study showed that Iced-kenkey could be
SRVWHUVSULQWDGYHUWLVHPHQWOHDÀHWVVWLFNHUVDQGDSURQVZHUH a suitable vehicle for lysine administration in Ghana.
branded with a logo
Other aspects of the campaign included community-level
communication activities. P105-12
7KH FDPSDLJQ LV H[SHFWHG WR LQFUHDVH DZDUHQHVV DERXW ON-FIELD TEST FOR IRON- FORTIFIED WHEAT
PLFURQXWULHQWGH¿FLHQFLHVDQGLPSURYHNQRZOHGJHRQEHQH¿WV FLOUR
RI FRQVXPLQJ IRUWL¿HG IRRGV 'XH WR WKH KLJK FRVW RI PDVV 7HUQHU0D[LPLOLDQ(
media activities, prominence should be given to community NHD, NW, USA
level communication activities
This especial kit has been designed to identify the amount of
LURQDGGHGWRZKHDWÀRXU7KHDGGHG,URQLVPRVWO\LQIHUURXV
P105-10 form, but there may be a little amount of ferric iron present in
DAILY CONSUMPTION OF ENRICHED MILK IN WKH PHGLXP WKLV ODWWHU LV DOVR LGHQWL¿HG E\ WKH VSHFL¿HG WHVW
HEALTHY CHILDREN: SERUM MICRONUTRIENT due to the ingredients that convert ferric iron to ferrous one.
LEVELS This kit can also be employed for quantitative measurement of
Romeo, Javier1; Fonollá, J2; García, E ; Rodríguez-Rodríguez, LURQLQIRUWL¿HGÀRXUDQGWKLVLVDFFRPSOLVKHGE\PHDQVRID
M4; Cueto, B4; Díaz, LE1; López-Huertas, E2; Cepero, M; calibrated color-chart specially prepared for this purpose.
Gomez-Martínez, S1; Wärnberg, J1; Pérez-Granados, A1; The test is done through solely one drop of the reagent and
Marcos, A1 QHHGVDERXWWRVHFRQGVLQRUGHUWRLGHQWLI\WKHDGGHGLURQ
1
IF. ICTAN. CSIC., Madrid, ESP; 2Puleva Biotech SA,, LQDIRUWL¿HGZKHDWÀRXUVDPSOH
Granada, ESP; University of Granada, Granada, ESP; 4Junta
de Andalucía (Granada), Granada, ESP
P105-13
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Serum micronutrient FERRIC SODIUM EDTA: SAFE, EFFECTIVE AND
assessment after daily consumption of enriched milk during RECOMMENDED
PRLQKHDOWK\FKLOGUHQ \  Wreesmann, Carel
MATERIALS & METHODS: FKLOGUHQ ERWK VH[HV AkzoNobel, Arnhem, NLD
randomized-double-blind-placebo study) were assigned into
WZRJURXSV 6XSSOHPHQWHGJURXS Q 6* ZKRFRQVXPHG RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: ,Q RUGHU WR ¿JKW LURQ
/GD\RIHQULFKHGPLON 3XOHYD0D[Š FRQWDLQLQJ¿VKRLO GH¿FLHQF\DQHPLD ,'$ IRRGIRUWL¿FDWLRQLVSURPRWHG)RULURQ
oleic acid, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals, 2) Control DPXOWLWXGHRIQXPEHURIIRUWL¿FDQWVDUHDYDLODEOH$OWKRXJKDQ
JURXS Q &* ZKRFRQVXPHG/GD\RIVWDQGDUGZKROH LQFUHDVLQJO\QXPEHURIFRXQWULHVIRUWL¿HVVWDSOHIRRGHJZKHDW
milk. Serum iron, transferrin, ferritin, calcium, vitamins D and ÀRXUZLWKLURQWKHZRUOGZLGHEDWWOHDJDLQVW,'$KDVQRWEHHQ
(OHYHOVDQGWUDQVIHUULQVDWXUDWLRQLQGH[ZHUHPHDVXUHGLQERWK very successful so far. Ferric sodium EDTA (FeNa-EDTA) is a
JURXSVDWDQGPR VDIHDQGHIIHFWLYHLURQIRUWL¿FDQWWKDWKROGVDSURPLVHWRFKDQJH
RESULTS & FINDINGS: Serum calcium and vitamin E this situation.
OHYHOV LQFUHDVHG LQ 6*7UDQVIHUULQ VDWXUDWLRQ LQGH[ LQFUHDVHG MATERIALS & METHODS: An overview based on
and serum ferritin levels diminished in CG. GDWD IURP VFLHQWL¿F OLWHUDWXUH ZLOO EH SUHVHQWHG WR VXSSRUW
CONCLUSION: 7KHFRQVXPSWLRQRIHQULFKHGPLONZLWK¿VK above-mentioned statement and the implications regarding
oil, oleic acid, minerals and vitamins enhanced serum calcium recommendations for use.
and vitamin E levels, and iron status. RESULTS & FINDINGS:1XPHURXVVWXGLHVKDYHFRQ¿UPHG
both the safety and the effectiveness of FeNa-EDTA. This iron
IRUWL¿FDQWKDVEHHQVKRZQWREHHQH[FHOOHQWVRXUFHRILURQLQ
ZKHDWDQGPDL]HÀRXULQVR\DQG¿VKVDXFHDQGLQSRZGHUHG
beverages.
CONCLUSION: As FeNa-EDTA has now been declared
*5$6E\86)'$  DQGIXOO\VXLWDEOHIRUKXPDQXVHE\
-(&)$   WKH QHZ ³JXLGHOLQHV RQ IRRG IRUWL¿FDWLRQ ZLWK
PLFURQXWULHQWV´RI)$2:+2  UHFRPPHQGVVROHO\WKLV
500
LURQFRPSRXQGIRU³WKHPDVVIRUWL¿FDWLRQRIKLJKSK\WDWHFHUHDO primary.
ÀRXUVDQGIRUVDXFHVZLWKDKLJKSHSWLGHFRQWHQW HJ¿VKVDXFH SUBJECTS AND METHODS:  ORZHU SULPDU\ SXSLOV
soy sauce)”. from four schools participated in the cross-sectional study. Two
$ WHFKQLFDO ZRUNVKRS RQ ZKHDW ÀRXU IRUWL¿FDWLRQ RUJDQL]HG FRPPXQLWLHVDUHEHQH¿FLDULHVRIWKH*6)3DQGWZRFRPPXQLWLHV
E\ WKH 86 &'& LQ 86$ LQ$SULO  WKDW ZDV DWWHQGHG E\ were selected as controls. A trained phlebotomist took venous
RYHUH[SHUWVIURPDOORYHUWKHZRUOGUHDFKHGDFRQVHQVXV blood from the upper arm of pupils. Samples were stored in
DJUHHPHQWWKDW³WKHSUHIHUUHGRUGHURILURQIRUWL¿FDQWVIRUZKHDW KHSDULQLVHG WXEHV ZKLOH RQ ¿HOG 7KH F\DQPHWKHPRJORELQ
DQG PDL]H ÀRXU DUH 1D)H('7$ IHUURXV VXOIDWH DQG IHUURXV method was used to measure the level of hemoglobin in samples.
fumarate”. RESULTS: Blood hemoglobin (Hb) concentrations were
These new developments should stimulate a broader use of DYDLODEOH IRU    SXSLOV RI WKH  SXSLOV ZKR
)H1D('7$ZKLFKFDQEHH[SHFWHGWRORZHUWKHLQFLGHQFHRI SDUWLFLSDWHGDQGUDQJHGIURPJGOWRJGO2YHUDOODERXW
,'$ZRUOGZLGHVLJQL¿FDQWO\DWDIIRUGDEOHFRVWV  RI SXSLOV ZHUH DQHPLF 0HDQ KHPRJORELQ FRQFHQWUDWLRQ
ZDVVLJQL¿FDQWO\KLJKHUDPRQJSDUWLFLSDWLQJVFKRROV JGO 
WKDQQRQSDUWLFLSDWLQJVFKRROV JGO 
P106: School Nutrition III CONCLUSIONS: Anemia prevalence is very high among
pupils irrespective of participation status. Participation in the
school feeding program appears to improve iron status.
P106-01
FACTORS PREDICTING COWPEA CONSUMPTION
AMONG SCHOOL PUPILS IN NORTHERN REGION P106-03
OF GHANA NUTRIENT DENSE PORRIDGES TO
Abdul-Razak, Abizari1; Pilimi, Nerisa2; Brouwer, Inge D.2; CONTROL NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCIES
Armar-Klemesu, Margaret IN SCHOOLCHILDREN: A STUDY IN
1
University for Development Studies, School of Medicine UNDERPRIVILEGED DISTRICTS OF
and Health Sciences, Tamale, GHA; 2Wageningen University, ANTANANARIVO
Wageningen, NLD; Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Bruyeron, Olivier; Ralison, Charlotte; Ramaherisoa,
Research, Accra, Legon, GHA Menjaharimisa; Treche, Serge
Gret - Access To Essential Services
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: Cowpea is a legume with Campus Du Jardin Tropical, FRN
huge potential for meeting the protein and iron requirements of
poor populations. The aim of this work was to identify factors
predicting the intention to consume cowpea by school pupils RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: To test the usefulness of an
in Ghana energy and micronutrient-dense porridge consumed as a snack
SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A sample of 120 mother-pupil in public primary schools of Antananarivo.
pairs was selected from two schools participating in a school METHODOLOGY: A quantitative 24-hour recall dietary
feeding program to participate in the cross-sectional survey. VXUYH\ZDVFDUULHGRXWRQVFKRROFKLOGUHQKDYLQJFRQVXPHG
The combined model of Theory of Planned Behaviour and the snack the day before and 200 having not. Intakes of usual
Health Belief Model was used. Analysis done included test foods and snacks were converted into energy and micronutrient
for scale reliability, Spearman Correlations and multiple linear intakes using food composition tables. These intakes were
regression. compared between the two groups using analysis of variance.
RESULTS: ,QWHQWLRQZDVVLJQL¿FDQWO\FRUUHODWHGZLWKFRZSHD RESULTS: The consumption of the snack had no impact on
FRQVXPSWLRQ UV  S   $WWLWXGH WRZDUGV EHKDYLRU LQWDNHVRIXVXDOIRRGVZKLFKLQDYHUDJHPHWRQO\RIWKH
VWDQGȕ S  DQGFXHVWRDFWLRQ VWDQGȕ  HQHUJ\ UHTXLUHPHQWV DQG OHVV WKDQ  RI WKH 5'$ IRU PRVW
S  FRQWULEXWHGVLJQL¿FDQWO\WRWKHSUHGLFWLRQRILQWHQWLRQ PLFURQXWULHQWV $ VWURQJ LQFUHDVH RI HQHUJ\   OLSLG
WRFRQVXPHFRZSHD+HDOWKEHKDYLRULGHQWLW\ZDVVLJQL¿FDQWO\   DQG PLFURQXWULHQW LQWDNHV ZDV REVHUYHG IRU FKLOGUHQ
FRUUHODWHG ZLWK DWWLWXGH WRZDUGV EHKDYLRU UV  S   ZKRFRQVXPHGWKHIRUWL¿HGVQDFNVWKXVDOORZLQJWKHPWRPHHW
DQG SHUFHLYHG EDUULHUV UV  S   +HDOWK YDOXH the corresponding RDA.
VWDQGȕ S  FRQWULEXWHGVLJQL¿FDQWO\WRZDUGVWKH CONCLUSION: Use of a nutrient dense porridge within the
prediction of health behavior identity. frame of a School Feeding Program can be an effective way to
CONCLUSION: This study showed that attitudes and cues LPSURYHHQHUJ\LQWDNHVDQGWRFRQWUROPLFURQXWULHQWGH¿FLHQFLHV
associated with cowpea consumption are factors predicting the amongst schoolchildren.
intention to consume cowpeas amongst school pupils. Barriers
were poor predictors of intention and behavior.
P106-04
FRIENDLY COMPUTER PROGRAM FOR SCHOOL TO
P106-02 SELF-EVALUATING LUNCH NUTRIENTS QUALITY
CONTRIBUTION OF SCHOOL LUNCH TO THROUGH THE SIMPLE TEN POINT SCORES
IMPROVEMENT IN MICRONUTRIENT (IRON) Chittchang, Uraiporn; Banjong, Orapin
STATUS OF SCHOOL PUPILS IN TOLON-KUMBUNGU Institue of Nutrition, Mahidol university, Nakhompathom,
DISTRICT OF NORTHERN GHANA THA
Abdul-Razak, Abizari1; Brouwer, Inge D.2; Armar-Klemesu,
Margaret OBJECTIVES: To improve school meals which energy and
1
University for Development Studies, School of Medicine important nutrients are inadequate, a computer program for
and Health Sciences, Tamale, GHA; 2Wageningen University, supporting self-evaluating menus plan at school level was
Wageningen, NLD; Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical developed.
Research, Accra, Legon, GHA METHODS: 7KH7KDL'5,ZHUHQXWULHQWVJRDO7HQSRLQW
VFRUHVZHUHUHSODFHGVFLHQWL¿FXQLWVRIQXWULHQWV5HFRPPHQGHG
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: School Feeding Programs recipes of popular menus were developed. The nutrients quality
are common in both developing and industrialized countries. of each recipe was present in score system. The mathematical
Little has been demonstrated of their ability to improve model for self-matching menus set was designed.
micronutrient status of pupils. The present study aims at RESULTS: 7KH ³6FKRRO /XQFK 0HQXV DQG 5HFLSHV
assessing the contribution of the Ghana School Feeding Management” program for self-cycle menu planning was
Programme (GSFP) to improve iron status of pupils in lower developed and post on Thai Research Fund’s website. It supports
501
calculating the raw materials and estimated budget according P106-07
to number of consumers. User able to choose prepared weekly TEENAGERS’ EDUCATIONAL COORDINATES
PHQXVRUVHOIGHVLJQ6L[W\PHQXVHWVZKLFKDYHUDJHVFRUHRI REGARDING HEALTH
weekly menu were met all nutrients goal within the budget were Suzana, Manolescu; Cornelia, Rada
demonstrated. Recalculating the budget for the same menu sets Francisc Rainer Anthropological Institute, Bucharest, ROU
FDXVHRIIRRGSULFHFULVLVLQLQGLFDWHGWKDWQHHGLQFUHDVLQJ
EXGJHW INTRODUCTION: ,Q  WKH ³)UDQFLVF , 5DLQHU´
CONCLUSION: The program was put on trial in the pilot Anthropological Institute together with the Institute of Public
schools of Progressive School Nutrition Project. Government Health, Bucharest, initiated a research theme on an urban
approved increasing school lunch budget. adolescent population regarding eating behaviors, weight
control and health state. In this paper we intend to investigate
WKH%0, %RG\0DVV,QGH[ VXEMHFWV¶ULVNEHKDYLRUVDQGKHDOWK
P106-05 state.
SCHOOL FEEDING: OUTCOMES AND COSTS METHODS: $V SDUW RI D ODUJHU VWXG\ D WHVW VDPSOH RI 
Galloway, Rae1; Kristjansson, Elizabeth2; Gelli, Aulo; Meir, VXEMHFWV EHWZHHQ  DQG  \HDUV ROG ZDV UHFUXLWHG DPRQJ
Ute4; Espejo, Francisco; Bundy, Donald FLYLOLDQ SRSXODWLRQ DQG D TXHVWLRQQDLUH ZLWK  LWHPV ZDV
1
PATH, Washington, D.C., USA; 2University of Ottawa, applied. Anthropometric features collected and analyzed in this
Kanata, CAN; Partnership for Child Development, GBR; paper were subjects’ height and weight. Data was analyzed with
4
World Food Programme, ITA; World Food Programme, PAN; 6366

World Bank, USA RESULTS: The analyzed sample is characterized by a medium
%0, %RG\ 0DVV ,QGH[  RI  VR  RI RXU VXEMHFWV
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: School-feeding programs DUH QRUPRSRQGHUDOV DFFRUGLQJ WR :+2 FODVVL¿FDWLRQ 7KH
are popular in developing countries but have previously had distribution of those three anthropometric markers (height,
few sound, empirical analyses of their costs and outcomes. The ZHLJKWDQG%0, LVDQDSSUR[LPDWHO\QRUPDORQH:HIRXQGD
objectives of this study were to provide realistic estimates of PHDQKHLJKWRIPLQZRPHQDQGPLQPHQWRJHWKHU
the costs and combine these estimates with outcomes for school ZLWK D PHGLXP ZHLJKW RI NJ LQ ZRPHQ DQG NJ LQ PHQ
feeding. 3HDUVRQ¶VȤWHVWLQGLFDWHVDGLUHFWVLJQL¿FDQWFRUUHODWLRQEHWZHHQ
METHODS: Cost analyses were conducted in four African VXEMHFWV¶VH[DQGWKHUHJXODUSK\VLFDODFWLYLW\DGROHVFHQWER\V
countries by reviewing school-feeding costs provided by EHLQJPRUHDFWLYHWKDQJLUOV S 2QWKHRWKHUKDQGJLUOV
the World Food Programme, interviewing stakeholders in DUH VLJQL¿FDQWO\ SD\LQJ PRUH DWWHQWLRQ WR ZHLJKW FRQWURO WKDQ
PLQLVWULHVRIHGXFDWLRQDQGLQWKHFRPPXQLW\DQGRUUHYLHZLQJ ER\V S $QHQFRXUDJLQJIDFWGLVFRYHUHGZDVWKDWERWK
independent cost studies. To obtain cost per outcome data, girls and boys gave a correct description of their own weight
outcomes were obtained from a review of school-feeding (perceived corporality). The overweighted subjects were found
studies. H[FOXVLYHO\LQWKHJLUOV¶JURXS RIWRWDO :HPXVWSRLQWRXW
RESULTS & FINDINGS: The cost of school feeding ranged DQDODUPLQJIDFWZHIRXQGQRVLJQL¿FDQWVWDWLVWLFDOGLIIHUHQFHV
IURP86WR86SHUFKLOGSHU\HDU ZHLJKWHGPHDQFRVW RQVH[HVUHJDUGLQJVPRNLQJDQGDOFRKROGULQNLQJ:HIRXQGQR
RI 86 SHU FKLOG SHU \HDU  7KH FRVW IRU DQ H[WUD GD\ RI correlation between subjects’ physical daily activities and their
attendance was less than US$10 per student, while the cost per BMI or acknowledged diagnosed diseases, but this could be due
H[WUDNLORJUDPRIZHLJKWUDQJHGIURP86WR86&RVWV to the lack of medical investigations.
for cognitive outcomes were similarly variable. CONCLUSIONS: It is really encouraging that the subjects,
CONCLUSION: This analysis estimates a higher average cost UHJDUGOHVVDJHDQGVH[DUHDZDUHRIWKHLUZHLJKWDQGWKDWPRVW
but a narrower range of costs when compared with previous of them are trying to improve it by changing their alimentary
estimates. The cost per outcome was high, but this analysis does habits and increasing physical activities and not by drug
not capture the full range of outcomes (e.g., social protection) FRQVXPSWLRQ RQO\RIWKHVXEMHFWVXVHVRQO\GUXJVLQRUGHU
potentially derived from school feeding. to loose weight).

P106-06 P106-08
ADHERENCE TO FOOD GUIDE PYRAMID INTEGRATED NUTRITON PROGRAM IN
RECOMMENDATIONS OF SCHOOLCHILDREN IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS UNDER OFFICE OF THE
COLOMBO, SRI LANKA BASIC EDUCATION COMMISSION
Jayaweera, M Nadeera S.; Silva, KD Renuka R. Natthira Thongbuasirilai, MPS, Sa-nga Damapong , MCN,
Wayamba University of Sri Lanka, Gonawila, LKA Narong Saiwongse , M.D.,Ms.
Nutrition Division, Department of Health, THA
This study was conducted to investigate the dietary intake of the
major food groups by the schoolchildren in the City of Colombo.
&KLOGUHQDJHG\ Q  ZHUHVWXGLHGIRULQWDNHRIIRRGV Nowadays nutrition intervention programs have not been
IURP VL[ GLIIHUHQW IRRG JURXSV DQG FRPSDUHG ZLWK WKH IRRG integrated with other school programs. Aim of this study was to
pyramid recommendations of United States of Department of identify effective integrated nutrition program .
$JULFXOWXUH 86'$  ([FHSW IRU WKH µJUDLQ DQG VWDUFK\ IRRG METHODS: Emphasizing on involvement of all sectors,
group’, average number of daily servings of all other food capacity development for school personnel on four nutrition
groups were below the recommendations. None of the children on core contents including :- 1) development of quality and
had met USDA recommendations for all food groups. Among food standard provided in school 2) integration nutrition into
WKHFKLOGUHQDFKLHYHGWKHUHFRPPHQGDWLRQVIRUµJUDLQVDQG VFKRROFXUULFXOXP PDQDJHPHQWVFKRROHQYLURQPHQWVXLWDEOH
starchy foods’. The achievement of ‘fruits’, ‘vegetables’, ‘milk for nutrition .4) development of school nutrition surveillance
and milk products’ and ‘meat and beans’ recommendations system. Knowledge management has been operated to pinpoint
ZHUHDQGUHVSHFWLYHO\$ERXWRIWKH success factors for program continuation. The integrated
FKLOGUHQFRQVXPHGIDVWIRRGVEDNHU\SURGXFWVDVWKHEUHDNIDVW QXWULWLRQSURJUDPKDVEHHQRSHUDWHGRQDWULDOEDVLVVLQFH0D\±
at least once in three days. Confectioneries were the main snack 2FWREHULQVFKRROVLQ1RQGDEXULSURYLQFH
FRQVXPHGE\RIWKHFKLOGUHQIROORZHGE\ELVFXLWV   RESULTS: ,WKDVEHHQIRXQGHGWKDWRIVFKRROVORZHU
DQGIDVWIRRGV  DWOHDVWRQFHSHUWKUHHGD\V,QFRQFOXVLRQ VXJDULQIRRGSUHSDUDWLRQDEOHWRORZHUVDOHRIIDWW\IRRG
the dietary intake of the school children does not comply with .Level of satisfaction of nutrition integration curriculum into
the USDA My Pyramid recommendations. health and physical education curriculum was good and best
502
respectively in all schools. Moreover it found that key success P106-11
IDFWRUV  DUH H[HFXWLYH DGYRFDF\ DQG HIIHFWLYHO\  PDQDJHPHQW THE SCHOOL FEEDING PROGRAMME IN NIGERIA:
including participation of parents, school food vendors and POLICY AND NUTIRTIONAL ISSUES: THE
local administration. EXPERIENCE OF PRIMARY SCHOOL IN ILE-IFE,
CONCLUSION: It is possible to implement integrated OSUN STATE, NIGERIA
nutrition program to be successfully operated it need more time Adewusi, Steve R.; O.I., Otemuyiwa; O.S., Falade; O.,
to implement the program. Oluwasola
Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun-State, NGA

P106-09 $ERXWPLOOLRQFKLOGUHQDUHHVWLPDWHGWREHRXWRIVFKRROLQ
CHANGES IN BONE MINERAL CONTENT AND BONE Nigeria, majority of which are girls. The school feeding is a
MINERAL DENSITY IN CHILDREN FED WITH MILK Federal Government program launched to provide one meal per
(IAEA RAS 6/041) day during school days to all primary school pupils in Nigeria
Mallillin, Aida C.1; Trinidad, Trinidad P.1; Sagum, Rosario with the objectives of improving the health of school-age
S.1; Encabo, Rosario R.1; Navarra, Sandra V.2 ; Razo, Anne children, increase their enrollment, retention and completion
Annette2 UDWHLQSULPDU\VFKRRO7KHQXWULWLRQDOVWDWXVRISXSLOV 
1
Food & Nutrition Research Institute, Metro Manila, PHL; ER\V DQG  JLUOV  RI D VHOHFWHG SXEOLF SULPDU\ VFKRRO LQ ,OH
2
Joint and Bone Clinic, Manila, PHL Ife, Osun State, Nigeria was assessed using anthropometric
parameters. Meals were collected and analyzed for nutrient
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: Rational approaches in the composition and compared to the requirement for their age
prevention of osteoporosis can be started during childhood group. The mid-arm circumference (MAC) which ranged
and adolescence, and calcium (Ca) intake may be an important EHWZHHQ  DQG  PP DQG WKH ERG\ PDVV LQGH[ %0,  DUH
PRGL¿DEOH IDFWRU WR DWWDLQ SHDN ERQH PDVV 7KH VWXG\ DLPHG within the WHO reference standard. The crude protein (CP)
to evaluate the effectiveness of a school-based milk-feeding FRQWHQWRIWKHVHUYHGIRRGVYDULHGEHWZHHQDQG7KH
program among children. average intake of amino acids per meal ranged between 12 and
MATERIALS & METHODS: 1LQHW\QLQHFKLOGUHQER\V PJJSURWHLQ7KHSURWHLQGLJHVWLELOLW\FRUUHFWHGDPLQRDFLG
DQG  JLUOV DJHG  \HDUV SDUWLFLSDWHG LQ WKH VWXG\ PLON VFRUH YDULHG EHWZHHQ  DQG  7KHVH UHVXOWV VKRZ WKDW WKH
group (MG) and control group (CG). Different measurements feeding program had greatly improved the nutrition status of
were determined: height, weight, and bone mineral content these children. The continuation of the program would go along
%0&  DQG ERQH PLQHUDO GHQVLW\ %0'  XVLQJ ';$7KUHH ZD\ WR SUHYHQWLQJ SURWHLQHQHUJ\ GH¿FLHQF\ DQG SUREOHP RI
day 24-hour food recall was collected to determine Ca intake. underweight among the public schoolchildren.
RESULTS & FINDINGS: Ninety children completed the
study. The Ca intake of both groups did not meet the RENI for
&DRIPJGD\7KH0*FRQVXPHGDQDGGLWLRQDOPJ&D P106-12
GD\ZKLOHWKH&*PJ&DGD\7KH0*KDGJUHDWHULQFUHDVHV PREVALENCE OF HYPERTENSION IN SCHOOL
LQ%0& YV DQG%0' YV ,QFUHDVHVLQ GOING CHILDREN AND ITS ASSOCIATED FACTORS
height and weight were also observed in both groups. Durrani, Anisa M.
CONCLUSION: Milk consumption among children may Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Utter Pradesh, IND
present an important strategy in the prevention for risk of
osteoporosis in the later life through increase in bone mineral OBJECTIVES: 7RGH¿QHWKHSUHYDOHQFHRIKLJKEORRGSUHVVXUH
content. in a representative sample of adolescents from Aligarh city, and
to investigate the association of high blood pressure with age,
VH[DQGQXWULWLRQDOVWDWXV
P106-10 METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out from
FOOD SERVED AT DAYCARE CENTERS IN TAIPEI 0D\  WR 6HSWHPEHU   VFKRROJRLQJ FKLOGUHQ
Yang, Hsiao-Chi1; Hang, Chi-Ming1; LIN, WEI2 EHWZHHQ  DQG  \HDUV RI DJH ZHUH VHOHFWHG DPRQJ DOO WKH
1
National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, TWN; 2Chinese  FKLOGUHQ IURP VHOHFWHG IRXU JRYHUQPHQW DQG SULYDWH
Culture University, Taipei, TWN VFKRROV 7KH VL]H RI WKH VDPSOH ZDV GH¿QHG EDVHG RQ WKH
H[SHFWHG SUHYDOHQFH RI K\SHUWHQVLRQ IRU WKH DJH JURXS 'DWD
'LHWDU\HQYLURQPHQWKDVJUHDWLQÀXHQFHRQERWKQXWULHQWLQWDNH were collected through a questionnaire and Blood pressure,
and children eating habit establishment. The purpose of this height and height were also measured through standardized
study was to evaluate the nutritional quality of meal served HTXLSPHQWV+LJKEORRGSUHVVXUHZDVGH¿QHGDVV\VWROLFDQG
in daycare centers in. Twenty daycare centers completed the RUGLDVWROLFEORRGSUHVVXUHRYHUWKHWKSHUFHQWLOHLQRQHRULQ
questionnaire, in addition, they are each provided one lunch both measures.
sample and one monthly menu. The results indicated that only RESULTS: 2XWRIER\V  DQGRXWRIJLUOV
one-forth of the daycare centers had registered dietician to   KDGKLJKEORRGSUHVVXUH5LVNVRIEHLQJRYHUZHLJKW
participate in their menu planning. Using one-third of Taiwanese DQG H[FHVV ZHLJKW ZHUH LGHQWL¿HG UHVSHFWLYHO\ LQ 
Food Guide Recommendation for preschoolers as the standard DQG  RI WKH VWXGHQWV7KHVH YDULDEOHV ZHUH VLJQL¿FDQWO\
of our evaluation, daycare centers served too much meat but associated with high blood pressure.
QRWHQRXJKJUDLQDQGIUXLWIRUOXQFK2QO\GD\FDUHFHQWHUV CONCLUSIONS: The overall prevalence of high blood
served milk everyday. As for snacks, caffeine-containing drinks, SUHVVXUHZDV+LJKEORRGSUHVVXUHZDVVLJQL¿FDQWO\PRUH
high fat and high sugar snacks were served frequently by some IUHTXHQW DPRQJ RYHUZHLJKW VWXGHQWV   DQG DPRQJ
centers. To ensure the nutritional quality of food served in the REHVHVWXGHQWV  
daycare center, meal-planning personnel should have nutrition
training.

503
P106-13 P106-15
THE HEALTH AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF PROGREENS - PROMOTION OF FRUIT AND
SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN IN MALAWI VEGETABLE INTAKE IN SCHOOL CHILDREN
Banda, Theresa W.1; Khonje, Dorothy2; Galloway, Rae; ACROSS EUROPE
Bobrow, Emily4 Bjarnholt, Christel1; Yngve, Agneta K.1; Krawinkel, Michael2;
1
Valid, Lilongwe, MWI; 2Ministry of Education and Vocational Kristjansdottir, Asa G.; Hlastan Ribic, Cirila4; Vaz de
Traning, ZAF; PATH, USA; 4Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Almeida, Maria Daniel; Francini, Bela; Papadaki, Alina7;
Foundation, USA Karlsson, Christina; Brug, Johannes9; Maucec-Zakotnik,
Jozica4; Ehrenblad, Bettina1; Duleva, Vesselka10; Lien,
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: A national survey was Nanna11; te Velde, Saskia9; Izquierdo de Santiago, Raquel12;
conducted to determine the health and nutritional status of Roos, Eva; Klepp, Knut-Inge11; Binard, Philippe12; Petrova,
VFKRRO±DJHFKLOGUHQLQ0DODZLWRSURYLGHEDVHOLQHLQIRUPDWLRQ Stefka10; Thorsdottir, Inga
for the design and implementation of a nutritional School health 1
Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, SWE; 2Justus Liebig
and Nutrition (SHN) program. Universität Giessen, Giessen, DEU; University of Iceland,
METHOD: This was a nationally representative, cross- Reykjavik, ISL; 4Community Health Centre, Ljubljana,
VHFWLRQDOKRXVHKROGVXUYH\ZLWKFOXVWHUVDPSOLQJVWUDWL¿HGE\ SVN; Faculdad de Ciencias da Nutricao e Alimentacao da
WKUHHPDMRUHQYLURQPHQWDO]RQHV$WRWDORIFKLOGUHQ Universidade do Porto, Porto, PRT; Universidade do Porto,
years of age were weighed measured and assessed for anemia, Porto, PRT; 7University of Crete, Heraklion, GRC; ICA AB,
LRGLQHGH¿FLHQF\DQGSDUDVLWLFLQIHVWDWLRQV Solna, SWE; 9EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research,
RESULTS & FINDINGS: Stunting, and underweight, Amsterdam, NLD; 10National Center of Public Health
SUHYDOHQFH ZDV  DQG  ZLWK VWXQWLQJ KLJKHU LQ ER\V 3URWHFWLRQ6R¿D%*511University of Oslo, Oslo, NOR;
12
  WKDQ JLUOV   DQG LQ KLJKODQG DUHDV  $QHPLD )UHVKIHO(XURSH%UXVVHOV%(/)RONKlOVDQ+HOVLQJIRUV
+E JO  ZDV LQ  ZLWK  LQ  \HDU ROGV DQG  FIN
IURPFRDVWDODUHDV2QO\FRQVXPHGPHDOVDGD\DQG
consumed breakfast regularly. Low urinary iodine levels were The Pro Children project showed that in, children’s consumption
LQRIFKLOGUHQDQGFRQVXPHGDGHTXDWHO\LRGL]HGVDOW of fruit and vegetables (F&V) is far below the current
)RUSDUDVLWHVKDGPDODULDZLWKLQPLGODQGDUHDV recommendations. There is a concern that both the amount
KDGELOKDU]LDVZLWKLQ\HDUVROGVFRDVWDODUHDV and variation of F&V may be on the decline. Thus, the main
DQGKDGLQWHVWLQDOKHOPLQWKHV objective of the Pro Greens project is to assess the intake and
CONCLUSION: These results show that school-age children to develop effective strategies to promote consumption of F&V
are a vulnerable group deserving attention to improve their in school children across Europe. The target group is 11-year
health and nutritional status for learning, performance and old children.
achievement. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Intake will be assessed using
the validated ProChildren questionnaire. Information about
school policy and other supporting or limiting factors for F&V
P106-14 intake at the school will be provided using a school questionnaire.
ASSESSMENT OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF A multi component intervention will be developed based on the
RESIDENT AND NON-RESIDENT BOYS (13-15 YR) IN Intervention Mapping method and implemented during autumn
RESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS OF SONIPAT  ± VSULQJ 7ZHOYH SDUWQHUV IURP HOHYHQ FRXQWULHV
Sindhwani, Aastha; Thomas, Salila collaborate in this project, which is a follow up of ProChildren.
Lady Irwin College, New Delhi, IND ,Q 352*5((16 ¿YH SDUWQHUV IURP WKH 3UR&KLOGUHQ SURMHFW
DUH WZLQQHG DQG DFW DV PHQWRUV IRU UHSUHVHQWDWLYHV IURP ¿YH
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Adolescence is period other member states. The involvement of two partners from
marked by growth spurt and maturation. Habits acquired the commercial sector will have a particularly important role
in adolescence persist into adult life and can have long-term in regards to lobbying power and providing knowledge on
consequences on health. Therefore, the study was conducted collaboration between public health and industry as well as the
DPRQJ5HVLGHQWDQG1RQUHVLGHQW%R\V \U LQVFKRROV design and distribution of intervention materials and messages.
of Sonipat to assess their nutritional status and to understand RESULTS AND FINDINGS: 7KHH[SHFWHGUHVXOWVDUH
IDFWRUVLQÀXHQFLQJIRRGFKRLFHV a) Estimates of the F&V consumption and its determinants in
MATERIALS & METHODS 4XHVWLRQQDLUH ZDV XVHG ten European countries;
WR FROOHFW JHQHUDO LQIRUPDWLRQ DQG IDFWRUV LQÀXHQFLQJ IRRG b) A set of intervention strategies tailored to be appropriate
choices. Nutritional status was assessed using food frequency and effective in promoting F&V consumption among school
questionnaire, 24 hour recall, anthropometric measurements children;
and biochemical parameters. c) An increased consumption of F&V among the participating
RESULTS & FINDINGS: Parent’s advice, peer pressure and target group;
PDVVPHGLDZHUHNH\IDFWRUVLQÀXHQFLQJIRRGFKRLFHV2YHUDOO d) A set of recommendations for national and international
nutritional status of residents was better off than non-residents. authorities¸ commercial and professional groups on best-
Percentage adequacy of energy and protein was higher among practices for promotion of F&V consumption
residents. However, nutrient intake of iron and Vitamin-A CONCLUSIONS: The PROGREENS project will provide
ZDVQ¶W DGHTXDWH $ERXW  VXEMHFWV ZHUH XQGHUZHLJKW recommendations on best-practices for assessment and
RYHUZHLJKWDQGREHVHVWXG\JURXSZDVDQHPLF promotion of fruit and vegetable consumption in school
DQG  IHOO XQGHU SUHK\SHUWHQVLYH VWDJH LQGLFDWLQJ VHULRXV children. The project is supported by the European
health concern. Commission, Directorate Health and Consumers.
CONCLUSION: Schools should focus on nutrition education
and promote active life-style practices to develop good habits
among children.

504
P107: Elderly Nutrition I Department Of Food Science and Nutrition, University Of
2

Ghana, Legon, Accra, GHA

P107-01 RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: Lifestyle is a socially


STUDIES FOOD CONSUMPTION BEHAVIOR AND conditioned behavioral pattern involves in physiological
LONG LIVING OF THAI ELDERLY changes and may affect the body composition of the elderly.
Raweerote Anuntatanachai et al. The objective of the study was to determine the association
Dusit Rajabhat University and Regional Network, Dusit between lifestyle and body composition of the elderly.
Bangkok, THA MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross - sectional
study adopting a purposive sampling technique to select 200
The purposes of this research were to study the relationship elderly from one elderly people’s home and two religious
of food consumption behaviors and longevity of Thai elderly organizations. Relevant information was collected using
people aged 70 years old and older in 4 regions of Thailand; structured questionnaires and anthropometric measurements.
to study local Thai food set menu and recipes; and to compare Analysis was done using SPSS 10.0.
food consumption behaviors that could link to longevity of RESULTS AND FINDINGS: Majority of the respondents
Thai elderly on a geographical basis. The data were selectively ZHUHIHPDOHV  DQGWKHPHDQDJHZDV$ERXW
collected from a focus group of community leaders and those VPRNHGFLJDUHWWHVZKLOVWWRRNDOFRKRO7KHDYHUDJH%0,
who were concerned with information and contributing factors LQ NJPIRU WKH PDOHV ZDV    DQG WKDW RI IHPDOHV
to health and longevity. An in-depth interview was employed ZDV    7KHUH ZDV DQ DVVRFLDWLRQ EHWZHHQ %0,
to gather crucial information on food consumption behaviors and smoking, BMI and alcohol intake, BMI and medication
RI 7KDL HOGHUO\ ZLWK WKH TXDOLWDWLYH ¿QGLQJV VKRZLQJ WKH taken and BMI and nutrient supplements taken at p<0.001.The
longevity of Thai elderly was due to the following common OLIHVW\OH RI WKH UHVSRQGHQWV KDG VLJQL¿FDQW HIIHFW RQ WKH ERG\
food consumption behaviors: 1) Simple homemade and cooked composition of the elderly.
meals with emphasis on food safety and use of local resources; CONCLUSION: Lifestyle may affect the body composition of
2) Three meals a day with balanced nutrition as an important WKHHOGHUO\DWDQDSSUHFLDEOHVLJQL¿FDQWOHYHO
NH\WRWKHLUKHDOWKEHQH¿WDQG 'LQQLQJPRVWO\ZLWKIDPLO\
members on a daily basis. These consumption behaviors
contribute to the mental and physical well being of the elderly. P107-04
In conclusion, Thai food and local consumption behaviors are LEVELS OF OBESITY IN ELDERLY PEOPLE IN
DV LPSRUWDQW IDFWRUV DV WKRVH RI WKH +HDOWK 4XRWLHQW +4  LQ KWAZULU-NATAL, SOUTH AFRICA
FRQWULEXWLQJWRKHDOWKEHQH¿WVDQGFRQGLWLRQVIRUORQJOLIH 0NKL]H;ROLOHNapier, Carin
*Tipvimon Kittivarapon, Phanupong Panomwan, Nartlada Durban University of Technology, Durban, ZAF
Onvimol, Natchanok Nukit, Piyawan Youdee, Karnchanasak
Charupan, Haruthai Hemadhulin, Att Khunsee, Nontawan RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study
Anantathanachai, Nualradda Praprew, Yupa Pattarakaeha, was to determine the nutritional status, dietary intake and
Lukana Aungatipat. health status of the elderly on state pension, living in Umlazi,
KwaZulu-Natal South Africa. The sample comprised of 270
randomly selected non-institutionalised elderly (224 women
P107-02 DQGPHQ DJH 0HDQDJH 
A STUDY ON THE EATING OUT HABITS AMONG MATERIALS AND METHODS: The methods used for the
THE ELDERLY WHO LIVE ALONE OR WITH assessment of the nutritional status included a dietary survey
ANOTHER ELDER IN Hong Kong to determine the dietary intake, anthropometry to determine
Yip, Stephanie S.; Kwong, Louise F.; Leung, Hi Mei Amy; Ng, the BMI, blood pressure measurement and waist circumference
Sammy; Chan, Wai Man to indicate level of hypertension and risk of disease. A socio-
Elderly Health Service, Wan Chai, HKG demographic questionnaire was also completed to determine
the socio-demographic status of the elderly.
A cross-sectional study of a convenient sample of elders, who RESULTS AND FINDINGS: The anthropometric indices
OLYHDORQHRUZLWKDQRWKHUHOGHUZDVFRQGXFWHGLQXVLQJWKH LQGLFDWHGWKDWRIWKHHOGHUO\ZHUHRIPRGHUDWHZHLJKW %0,
24-hour dietary recall method and food frequency questionnaire.    DQG  ZHUH XQGHUZHLJKW %0, ”   WKH UHVW
$ERXWRQHWKLUGRIWKHVXEMHFWV Q  LQWHUYLHZHG VKRZHGDQLQFUHDVHGUDWHRIRYHUZHLJKWDQGREHVLW\ZHUH
reported eating out daily. The most common meal eaten out RYHUZHLJKW %0, ZHUHREHVHOHYHO, %0,
and food premises visited were breakfast at restaurants (n=94,  DFFRUGLQJWRWKH:RUOGKHDOWKRUJDQLVDWLRQFXWRIISRLQWV
 IROORZHGE\OXQFKDWVRFLDOFHQWHUV Q  'LP IRU%0,REHVHOHYHO,,  DQGREHVHOHYHO,,,
sums were the most popular choice for breakfast at restaurants. •  7KH :DLVWWRKHLJKWUDWLR :+75  LQGLFDWHG WKDW 
The most common items selected were steamed but contained of subjects were at risk of developing metabolic syndrome
high-fat ingredients. The survey shows that meat intake was H[FHHGLQJWKH:+75LQGH[FRUUHVSRQGLQJZLWKWKHOHYHOV
higher in elders who ate out daily than those who did not (Mean RIREHVLW\DW %0,! 
“ 6'  “ YV  “ JP 3 E\ WZRVDPSOH CONCLUSION: The results from this study are in line with
WWHVW 7KHIDWW\PHDWLQGLPVXPVFRXOGKHOSWRH[SODLQWKH other studies that indicated that KwaZulu-Natal has the leading
VLJQL¿FDQWO\KLJKHUFDORULFDQGIDWLQWDNHLQHOGHUVZKRDWHRXW UDWH RI K\SHUWHQVLRQ LQ 6RXWK$IULFD ZLWK  RI WKH HOGHUO\
GDLO\DVFRPSDUHGZLWKHOGHUVZKRGLGQRW 0HDQ“6' population at stage II Hypertension. This community is at risk
“NFDODQG“JPYV“NFDODQG“ of lifestyle diseases unless urgent interventions are planned to
20gm; P<0.001, by two-sample t-test). It is therefore important assist.
to design health educational programs to help the elders to make
healthy food selections that are low in saturated fat.

P107-03
LIFESTYLE AND BODY COMPOSITION OF THE
ELDERLY IN URBAN COMMUNITIES IN ACCRA –
TEMA METROPOLIS
Collison, Deborah K.1; Owusu, William B.2
1
West African Health Organisation, Bobo - Dioulasso, Bfa;
505
P107-05 P107-07
THE CHANGED ROLE OF THE ELDERLY IN THE EFFECT OF MONOSODIUM GLUTAMATE
WORLD OF HIV/AIDS INCREASED THEIR RISK OF INTERVENTION ON NUTRITIONAL STATUS FOR
MALNUTRITION NURSING HOME ELDERLY
Kruger, Annamarie; Watson, Mada J.; Wentzel-Viljoen, Mituyo, Kageyama1; Yayuo, Kagawa2; Lili, Cao; Kimura,
Edelweiss Eiichiro; Yoshiki, Goda; Kunio, Torii
North-West University, Potchefstroom, ZAF 1
Social Welfare Foundation YOKUFUKAI, Tokyo, JPN;
2
Kagawa Nutrition University, Saitama, USA; Ajinomoto Co.,
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study Inc., Kawasaki, JPN
was to describe the nutrition status of the older person infected
ZLWK DQG RU DIIHFWHG E\ +,9$,'6 ZLWK WKH LQWHQWLRQ RI AIM: *OXWDPDWH *OX  KDV EHHQ FODUL¿HG WR LPSURYH JDVWULF
providing research evidence to conceptualize a framework for protein digestion by stimulating visceral umami receptors. The
community-based collaboration to support the older person in purpose of this study was to verify the effect of glutamate on
WKHZRUOGRI+,9$,'6 improvement of nutrition status of nursing home elderly.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:$JURXSRIYROXQWHHUV METHODS: Monosodium glutamate (MSG) was added
PHQ Q  ZRPHQ Q   UDQGRPO\ VHOHFWHG IURP D UXUDO WR WKH VWDSOH GLHWV  ::  IRU  VXEMHFWV DYHUDJH DJH
FRPPXQLW\DQG PHQQ ZRPHQQ  IURPDQXUEDQ “\HDUV LQZHHNV0HDVXUHPHQWVRIDQWKURSRPHWU\
community was included after giving informed consent. (weight and BMI), mini-mental test, and blood biochemical
([WHQVLYHLQIRUPDWLRQRQVRFLRHFRQRPLFQXWULWLRQDQGKHDOWK parameters were measured at both the beginning and the end
status, serum and plasma blood samples and anthropometric of the MSG-intervention. Dietary food survey was carried out
measurements were collected. GXULQJFRQWLQXRXVIRXUGD\VZLWKLQQRIRUWL¿FDWLRQSHULRGDQG
RESULTS AND FINDINGS: The elderly in the rural areas H[SHULPHQWDOSHULRG
FDUH IRU PRUH SHRSOH WKDQ WKRVH LQ WKH XUEDQ DUHDV  !  RESULTS: 1RVLJQL¿FDQWFKDQJHVZHUHGHWHFWHGLQQXWULWLRQDO
SHRSOH    7KH QXWULHQW LQWDNH OHVV RI 5'$ IRU HOGHUO\  LQWDNHDQGERG\ZHLJKW%XWSDUWLFXODUVLJQL¿FDQWFKDQJHVZHUH
LQWKHUXUDODUHDZDVVLJQL¿FDQWO\ORZHUWKDQWKHXUEDQJURXS observed as follows: 1) serum albumin concentrations (Alb)
IRU WRWDO SURWHLQ JJ  =LQF PJPJ  9LW in subjects (N=17) with Protein-Energy Malnutrition (PEM,
$ XJ5(XJ5(  9LW ' XJXJ  9LW ( $OEJGO  VKRZHG D SRVLWLYH LQFUHDVLQJ WHQGHQF\ DQG  
PJPJ 5XUDOHOGHUO\KDGVLJQL¿FDQWORZHUVHUXPLURQ $OELQFUHDVHGIURPJGOWRJGO S LQVXEMHFWV
and total protein levels than the urban. ZLWK VHYHUH 3(0 $OE JGO 1   DIWHU ZHHN 06*
CONCLUSION: 5HVXOWV LQGLFDWHG WKDW WKH +,9$,'6 intervention.
epidemic gave new meaning to the successful aging of the older CONCLUSIONS: 7KH HI¿FDFLHV RI 06* IRU HOGHUOLHV PD\
population in and indirectly worsen their nutrition status putting improve the nutritional status when their serum albumin
them in need of urgent support. FRQFHQWUDWLRQV ZHUH OHVV WKDQ JGO :H ZLOO FRQWLQXH WR
investigate the further effectiveness of MSG for nutritional
management in elderly.
P107-06
STRESS REDUCES SALT TASTE ACUITY IN OLDER
EUROPEANS P107-08
6WHZDUW.QR[%DUEDUD- NURTITIONAL STATUS USING MULTIDIMENTIONAL
NICHE, Coleraine, GBR ASSESSMENT IN ELDELY IRANIAN
Pasdar, Yahya
RATIONAL AND OBJECTIVES: There is very little Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah,
research on the relationship between psychological factors IRN
and taste perception. Taste acuity appears to decline with age.
It is possible that this decreased taste acuity in older people is
associated with psychological well-being. This study aimed to RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Nutrition is an important
investigate the relationship between stress and taste acuity in determinant of health in elderly and nutritional assessment is
DSSDUHQWO\KHDOWK\\HDUROGV 1  UHFUXLWHGLQ1RUWKHUQ necessary for development of treatment protocols.
Ireland as part of the Zenith study. MATERIALS & METHODS: A multidimensional assessment
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Stress was assessed using using Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA), anthropometry,
the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). Detection thresholds for sour, bioelectric impedance, biochemistry, dietary intake, and
salt, sweet and bitter were assessed using a signal detection FOLQLFDO DVSHFWV ZDV FDUULHG RXW RQ  ROGHU SHRSOH  PHQ
DSSURDFK 'DWD ZHUH DQDO\]HG XVLQJ 6366 9HUVLRQ IRU DQG  ZRPHQ  IURP WKH RQO\ VWDWH HOGHUO\ QXUVLQJ KRXVH LQ
Windows. Kermanshah Western Iran.
RESULTS AND FINDINGS: Linear regression analysis found RESULTS & FINDINGS: The results showed that energy
that as perceived stress increased, salt taste acuity decreased LQWDNH IRU PHQ   NFDOG  DQG ZRPHQ  
(p=0.040). NFDOG  ZHUH EHORZ WKH 5'$ 'DLU\ SURGXFWV IUXLWV DQG
CONCLUSIONS: That stress is associated with sensitivity YHJHWDEOH FRQVXPSWLRQ ZHUH OHVV WKDQ UHFRPPHQGHG 
to salt taste could suggest that preference and consumption of KDGQRUPDOQXWULWLRQDOVWDWXVZKLOHKDYHEHHQFODVVL¿HG
salty foods is a consequence of reduced psychological well- as mild to moderate malnutrition according to the MN A.
being in older people. This hypothesis requires further study of  KDG KLJK EORRG SUHVVXUH  DQG  VXIIHUHG
more controlled design including dietary assessment on larger from psychological and dental problems. Malnutrition using
samples. GLIIHUHQW FXWRIIV ZHUH ERG\ PDVV LQGH[  KHPRJORELQ
 DOEXPLQ ZLWK QRUPDO &53 OHYHO   IHUULWLQ 
—JO /HDQERG\PDVVDQGSHUFHQWRIERG\IDWZDVORZHU
WKDQQRUPDOLQDQGUHVSHFWLYHO\
CONCLUSION: 7KH VWXG\ FRQ¿UPHG WKDW 01$ VFRUH ZDV
VLJQL¿FDQWO\ DVVRFLDWHG ZLWK DQWKURSRPHWULF ELRHOHFWULF
DQG ELRFKHPLFDO ¿QGLQJV ,W LV FRQFOXGHG WKDW DQ DSSURSULDWH
nutrition intervention program is needed to improve nutritional
status of elderly Iranians.

506
P107-09 stage cluster random sampling method, a continuous dietary
BARRIERS TO SUCCESSFUL WEIGHT LOSS VXUYH\ZDVFDUULHGRXWWLPHVLQWKHKRXVHKROGVHOHFWHG
INITIATIVES IN THE ELDERLY RESULTS: )URP  WR  IRRG FRQVXPSWLRQ PDMRU
Aliyar, Sabu1; Sheehan, Hannah2; Johnston, Elizabeth2 changes in diet of middle-aged and old residents in Hubei
1
Centre for Development Studies, Kerala, IND; 2Acadia province improved. The consumption of plant food tends to
University, Wolfville, NS, CAN reduce, while animal food consumption increased. Magnitude
of changes in different regions there are some differences.
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this CONCLUSION: According to the actual and reasonable
qualitative descriptive study was to determine the barriers to goal of food consumption of Hubei Province, encourage the
initiating a weight reduction program in a Canadian community development and consumption of fruit and dairy industries, and
VHWWLQJLQDSRSXODWLRQRYHU\HDUVRIDJH launch targeted health education, guide reasonable meal in and
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 21 elderly improve health for different populations.
SDUWLFLSDQWVZLWKERG\PDVVLQGH[HV %0, H[FHHGLQJWKH:+2
guidelines for a healthy weight participated in individual, in-
depth interviews. Data collection and analyses used grounded P107-12
theory methodologies. IMPACT OF ADDITIONAL OAT-FLAKE-INTAKE ON
RESULTS AND FINDINGS: All participants (mean age = 72 THIAMINE-STATUS IN GERIATRIC-PATIENTS
\UPHDQ%0, NJP LQGLFDWHGWKDWLWZDVYHU\GLI¿FXOW Dietrich, Astrid; Sturtzel, Bärbel; Majchrzak, Dorota; Elmadfa,
WR ORVH ZHLJKW 7KH PDMRULW\   KDG EHHQ VXFFHVVIXO DW Ibrahim
weight loss at some point in their life but all of these participants University of Vienna, Vienna, AUT
regained the weight. Perceived barriers to weight loss were the
KLJK FRVW RI KHDOWK\ IRRGV   OD]LQHVV   LQFOHPHQW RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: Geriatric-patients are at high
ZHDWKHUPDNLQJLWGLI¿FXOWWRSDUWLFLSDWHLQSK\VLFDODFWLYLW\IRU ULVN RI WKLDPLQHGH¿FLHQF\ ,PSURYHPHQW PLJKW EH DFKLHYHG
DVLJQL¿FDQWSRUWLRQRIWKH\HDU  FRPIRUWHDWLQJGXHWR through higher food-intake considering the thiamine-content of
loneliness or boredom, and illness or injuries limiting physical RDWÀDNHV PJJ  :H LQYHVWLJDWHG ZKHWKHU DGGLWLRQ RI
DFWLYLW\   &RQFOXVLRQV :HLJKW PDQDJHPHQW SURJUDPV RDWÀDNHVWRVWDQGDUGRUDOGLHWLPSURYHVWKLDPLQHVWDWXV
may need to offer more support for maintaining a weight loss MATERIALS & METHODS: 6XEMHFWV  IUDLO QXUVLQJ
once it has been achieved. KRPHLQKDELWDQWV \HDUV 
Design: controlled parallel intervention-study
 JURXSV Q  LQWHUYHQWLRQFRQWURO ERWK FRQVXPLQJ ZDUG¶V
P107-10 habitual diet) were formed. Intervention-group additionally
RICE-CAKE STYLE CAKES MADE OF WAXY WHEAT UHFHLYHGRDWÀDNHVIRUZHHNV%ORRGVDPSOHVDQGWKLDPLQH
AS A SUBSTITUTE FOR RICE-CAKES ARE SAFER LQWDNH ZHLJKWUHFRUGV  ZHUH WDNHQ DW GD\   DQG 
FOR ELDERLY PEOPLE TO EAT Thiamine-plasma-levels were measured by HPLC-methods.
Fujita, Shuzo1; Kikuchi, Masahiko2 RESULTS& FINDINGS: Mean (SD) thiamine-plasma-levels
1
Department of Nutrition, Aomori University of Health and QPROO DWGD\DQG
Welfare, Aomori-city, Aomori prefecture, JPN; 2Aomori ,QWHUYHQWLRQ    DQG    QPROO  
Prefectural Agriculture and Forestry Research Center, Aomori &RQWURO  DQG  QPROO  0HDQ 6' 
prefecture, JPN WKLDPLQHLQWDNH >GHQVLW\@ PJG  >PJ0-G@ DW GD\  DQG 
,QWHUYHQWLRQ  >  @DQG  >  
OBJECTIVES:,QZD[\ ZKHDWZDVLQLWLDOO\SURGXFHG @ PJG >PJ0-G@  %GHQVLW\   &RQWURO 
LQ-DSDQDQGFRQVLVWVRIZD[\VWDUFKDQGSURWHLQVZKLFKIRUP  >  @DQG  >  @PJG>PJ0-G@
gluten. By analyzing several properties we found that rice-cake %GHQVLW\ 
VW\OHFDNHV PRFKL PDGHRIZD[\ZKHDWDUHHDVLHUIRUHOGHUO\ CONCLUSION: :LWK KLJKHU WKLDPLQHLQWDNHGHQVLW\
SHRSOHWRVZDOORZWKDQPRFKLRIZD[\ULFH:D[\ZKHDWUDUHO\  DQG   UHVSHFWLYHO\  SODVPDWKLDPLQHGHFUHDVH LQ
sticks to the throat although it is glutinous. In this study, we intervention-group was more stable than control.
DLPHGWRLQYHVWLJDWHZKHWKHUPRFKLPDGHRIZD[\ZKHDWZRXOG
be both safe and palatable for elderly persons.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two kinds of mochi were P107-13
SUHSDUHGZD[\ZKHDWDQGZD[\ULFH$SSUR[LPDWHO\HOGHUO\ IMPACT OF NUTRITIONAL THERAPY ON
persons evaluated the two samples on softness, stickiness and ANTHROPOMETRIC CHANGES IN ELDERLY
ease of eating. PORTUGUESE PATIENTS
RESULTS: Almost all participants indicated that mochi Cardoso, Ana; Cátia, Borges
PDGH RI ZD[\ ZKHDW ZHUH PRUH HDVLO\ VZDOORZHG WKDQ WKRVH ACES Alto Tâmega e Barroso, Vila Real, PRT
PDGHRIZD[\ULFHDQGFRPSDUHGZLWKZD[\ULFHWKH\KDUGO\
ever become stuck in the throat or to the teeth. Therefore, we Overweight and obesity related medical problems are among
FRQFOXGHWKDWPRFKLPDGHRIZD[\ZKHDWLVDVDIHUDOWHUQDWLYH the most serious health problems in Portugal.
IRUHOGHUO\SHRSOHWRWUDGLWLRQDOPRFKLPDGHRIZD[\ULFH Our goal was to study the impact of nutritional therapy and
ZD[\ JHQHWLFV WHUP PHDQLQJ WKDW WKH VWDUFK LV PRVWO\ counseling on anthropometric
composed of amylopectin. changes in elderly patients.
6HYHQW\ IRXU SDWLHQWV  IHPDOH DQG  PDOH  PHDQ
DJH “ \HDUV PHDQ LQLWLDO ZHLJKW “.J
P107-11 PHDQ KHLJKW “FP ROGHU  \HDUV ZHUH IROORZHG
ANALYSIS ON MIDDLE-AGED AND OLD EHWZHHQ$XJXVWDQG$SULORIWKHFXUUHQW\HDU7KHSDWLHQWV
RESIDENTSOF STRUCTURAL CHANGES IN ZHUHHYDOXDWHGEHWZHHQWKH¿UVWDQGWKHODVWDSSRLQWPHQWV7KH
DIETARY FROM 1991 TO 2006 IN HUBEI PROVINCE following parameters were evaluated: body weight, body mass
Maowei, Cheng LQGH[ ,0& ZDLVWFLUFXPIHUHQFH :& SK\VLFDODFWLYLW\ 3$ 
Hubei Provincial Control Disease Center, Wuhan City, CHN dependence level (DL), type of nutritional intervention (NI) and
comorbidities. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS
OBJECTIVE: To grasp the dynamics of changes in food intake, Y.ROPRJRURY6PLUQRYWHVWZDVXVHGWRDVFHUWDLQQRUPDO
provide the basis for health intervention and the formulation of distribution. Paired sample t-test was used to analyze statistical
relevant policies. GLIIHUHQFHVEHWZHHQWKH¿UVWDQGWKHODVWDVVHVVPHQW7KHUHZDV
METHODS: )URPWRDSSO\LQJDVWUDWL¿HGPXOWL DVLJQL¿FDQWGHFUHDVHLQZHLJKW“.J S ZDLVW
507
FLUFXPIHUHQFH “FP S  DQG ERG\ PD[ LQGH[ by program staff to educate the refugee community about basic
“NJP S  QXWULWLRQH[FOXVLYHEUHDVWIHHGLQJDQGDGHTXDWHFRPSOHPHQWDU\
We conclude that the nutritional intervention in primary feeding. The Child Nutrition Booklet is distributed at antenatal,
healthcare is effective in promoting weight loss and visceral fat vaccination, and growth monitoring visits, and through
that is showed in waist circumference in the elderly patients community outreach.
CONCLUSION: The development of cultural appropriate
educative materials is a vital component to promote optimal
P107-14 infant feeding practices within refugee settings.
IMPACT OF FOOD AND NUTRIENT ON THE
HEALTHY AGING OF ELDERLY POPULATION OF
RAJASTHAN (INDIA) P108-02
Sharma, Manju lata ASSESSMENT OF INFANT FEEDING POLICIES
M.S.J.College, Bharatpur, IND AND PRACTICES IN DEYANG CITY (SICHUAN
PROVINCE) IMMEDIATELY AFTER THE
BACKGROUND: Food is the chief source of essential EARTHQUAKE (MAY-JULY 2008)
materials, which the body needs for its well being. Each stage Gao, Haoyue1; Scherbaum, Veronika1; :DQJ4L2; Bellows,
RIWKHOLIHF\FOHKDVVSHFL¿FQXWULHQWQHHGV$VWKHSRSXODWLRQ Anne C.1
of elderly increase in number and greater age, nutritional needs 1
Institute for Social Science in Agriculture, Stuttgart, DEU;
must be met to minimize certain disease states and assure the 2
Maternity & Child Care Hospital in Deyang City, Sichuan
quality of life. Nutrition associated health risks have been Province, CHN
LGHQWL¿HG IRU FRURQDU\ KHDUW GLVHDVH FDQFHU DQG GLDEHWHV
mellitus. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to investigate
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: To describe, by intake the immediate consequences of the earthquake on women
assessment, nutritional status and life style habits of Rajasthani during the perinatal period and infant feeding practices in the
HOGHUO\DQGWRFRPSDUHWKHGDWDWRRWKHUVWXGLHV¿QGLQJV7KLV obstetric department of two baby-friendly hospitals in City.
study is regarding the main constituent of diet taken by aged METHODS: Observation and semi-structured interviews with
person of Rajasthan along with the effect thereof. pregnant women, post-partum mothers, relatives, medical staff
MATERIALS and METHODS: Dietary intake was assessed and doctors as well as sales assistants in shops selling breast
LQ PDOHVIHPDOHVDYHUDJHDJH\HDUV HOGHUO\ milk substitutes (BMS).
according to data collected by using structured food frequency FINDINGS: At hospital level there was an urgent need to
questionnaires. provide emergency treatment for large numbers of additional
RESULTS: 'DLO\HQHUJ\LQWDNHZDV0FDODQGHQHUJ\ patients. Consequently, antenatal care and other preventive
GHQVLW\ ZDV  NFDOJ (QHUJ\ GHULYHG IURP SURWHLQ DQG IDW programs were greatly reduced. Cesarean Section rates increased
ZDVDQGUHVSHFWLYHO\'LHWDU\¿EHUFRQVXPSWLRQ IRU D YDULHW\ RI UHDVRQV IURP DERXW  EHIRUH HDUWKTXDNH 
ZDVYHU\ORZJ0FDO&DOFLXPLQWDNHRIDOORIWKHVXEMHFWV WR  )XUWKHUPRUH QR DWWHQWLRQ ZDV SDLG WR SURPRWLRQ RI
and magnesium, zinc and copper intakes of most of them were EUHDVWIHHGLQJLQWKHHPHUJHQF\FRQWH[WDQGWKHUHZDVQRHIIRUW
ORZ,QWKLVVWXG\SHUFHQWZHUHSURWHLQGH¿FLHQW2XWRI made to control the distribution of BMS.
ZKLFKSHUFHQWZHUHIHPDOHDQGSHUFHQWZHUHPDOH CONCLUSION: Perinatal care and infant feeding policies
CONCLUSION: KDYHEHHQEHORZ%0,DQGZHUH need strengthening and more effective promotion even in baby-
obese. Fiber and water intake were decreases with age and friendly hospitals to ensure that they are perceived as essential
DFFRPSDQ\ ZLWK FRQVWLSDWLRQ )HPDOHV DUH PRUH GH¿FLHQW RI QRUPV UDWKHU WKDQ OX[XULHV WKDW FDQ EH GLVSHQVHG ZLWK GXULQJ
PLFURQXWULHQWWKDQPDOHDQGVLJQL¿FDQWS2QHRIWKHPDLQ natural disasters. Firm policies also need to be in place to ensure
reasons is their traditional behavior. that the distribution of BMS during an emergency is limited to
those few infants who really need it.

P108: Nutrition in Emergencies


P108-03
DISTRIBUTION OF SPRINKLES DURING
P108-01 EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND TRANSITION
DEVELOPMENT OF CULTURALLY APPROPRIATE PROGRAMMING EXPERIENCES IN INDONESIA
NUTRITION EDUCATION MATERIALS TO Martini, Elviyanti; A, Margiono; J, Palmer
PROMOTE OPTIMAL INFANT FEEDING METHODS Helen Keller International-Indonesia, Jakarta, IDN
AMONG LIBERIAN REFUGEES
Gallego-Pérez, Daniel F.1; Hromi-Fiedler, Amber2; Sandow, BACKGROUND: 0LFURQXWULHQW GH¿FLHQFLHV DUH FRPPRQ
Adam1; Pérez-Escamilla, Rafael2 among children after natural disasters.
1
National Catholic Secretariat, Ghana, Winneba, GHA; OBJECTIVE: To describe the feasibility of distributing
2
University of Connecticut, Storrs CT, USA PXOWLYLWDPLQPLQHUDO ³VSULQNOHV´ WR FKLOGUHQ DIWHU QDWXUDO
disasters and to highlight the lessons learned from such
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Buduburam Refugee interventions after the 2004 tsunami in Indonesia.
Settlement in Ghana has hosted Liberian refugees for almost 20 METHOD: Trained NGO staffs, community volunteers and
\HDUV$QXWULWLRQSURJUDPZDVHVWDEOLVKHGLQWRLGHQWLI\ KHDOWKZRUNHUVZHUHXVHGWRGLVWULEXWH³VSULQNOHV´WRFKLOGUHQ
and offer nutrition rehabilitation to malnourished children. Poor as part of emergency relief operations after the 2004 tsunami in
FRPSOHPHQWDU\IHHGLQJSUDFWLFHVORZH[FOXVLYHEUHDVWIHHGLQJ Indonesia. Monthly supply of sprinkles was given to caretakers
rates, and cultural beliefs associated with food and nutrition RI FKLOGUHQ PRQWKV \HDUV  LQ $FHK 1LDV -DNDUWD DQG
ZHUH GRFXPHQWHG DV LQÀXHQFLQJ IDFWRUV IRU PDOQXWULWLRQ7KH Tangerang. However, in Yogyakarta and Central Java caretakers
need of cultural appropriate nutrition education was seen as a RIFKLOGUHQ PRQWKV ZHUHSURYLGHGZLWKDRQHWLPHVXSSO\
priority for action. of sprinkles. Sprinkles were taken by children every day or
MATERIALS & METHODS: A training workshop was every other day (that is 1 sachet every 2 days) depending on
conducted with program staff where a set of culturally- the composition. HKJ trained the staff, developed distribution
appropriate nutrition counseling cards was developed. guidelines and promotion materials before the distribution.
Subsequently, a Child Nutrition Booklet was designed, and Feasibility of the distribution was assessed by the coverage of
pretested prior to publication and dissemination. the intervention.
RESULTS & FINDINGS: Nutrition Counseling Cards are used RESULTS: &RYHUDJH ZDV PRUH WKDQ  RYHU  PLOOLRQ
508
sachets of sprinkles were distributed to more than 400,000 P108-06
FKLOGUHQ   $ERXW  VWDIIV ZHUH WUDLQHG WR DFKLHYH VXFK EXCHANGE OF DIETARY PRACTICES AMONG
coverage. LOCAL GHANAIANS AND LIBERIAN REFUGEES
CONCLUSION: The distribution of Sprinkles during Hromi-Fiedler, Amber1; Gallego-Pérez, Daniel2; Lartey, Anna;
emergency is feasible. However, appropriate information and Pérez-Escamilla, Rafael1; Sandow, Adam2
training is required to achieve wider coverage. 1
University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA; 2National
Catholic Secretariat, Winneba, GHA; University of Ghana,
Accra, USA
P108-04
EFFECTS OF A 3-MONTH DISTRIBUTION OF READY- RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES::HDVVHVVHGWKHH[FKDQJHRI
TO-USE THERAPEUTIC FOOD (RUTF) “PARMAPAP” dietary practices among female Liberian refugees (n=240) and
IN MODERATELY MALNURISHED CHILDREN Ghanaians living in Buduburam Refugee Settlement (n=120)
(MMC) IN SIERRA LEONE and an adjacent Ghanaian village (n=120). Liberian refugees
Alessandra Mele, Marta Verna, Blandina Pagano, Maddalena lived in all 12 camp zones while Ghanaians predominately lived
Petraroli, Rosa Vitale in camp zones 11 and 12.
Post-Graduate School of Pediatrics, University of Parma, ITA MATERIALS & METHODS: In this cross-sectional study,
GLHWDU\LQWDNHZDVDVVHVVHGXVLQJDIRRGLWHP))4
$ORZFRVW587)FDOOHG³3DUPDSDS´IRU00&LQ6LHUUD/HRQH RESULTS & FINDINGS: Liberian refugees were younger
was formulated using peanuts, palm oil, sugar, milk powder, WKDQ*KDQDLDQV YV\ DQGKDGOLYHGLQWKHFDPS\
multivitamins. We report the preliminary effects on nutritional $ VLJQL¿FDQWO\ KLJKHU SHUFHQWDJH RI /LEHULDQV LQ ]RQHV 
VWDWXVRIFKLOGUHQDJHGWRPRQWKVZLWK'6:+= consumed Ghanaian dishes, western foods, and neutral foods
'6IROORZHGDW*RGHULFK(PHUJHQF\+RVSLWDOGXULQJWKH¿UVW (i.e. foods common to Liberians and Ghanaians) compared to
PRQWKRI³3DUPDSDSGLVWULEXWLRQ´7ZHQW\VL[FKLOGUHQUHFHLYHG /LEHULDQVLQ]RQHV$VLJQL¿FDQWO\KLJKHUSHUFHQWDJHRI
DZHHNO\GLVWULEXWLRQRI.FDO.JSHUGD\RI³3DUPDSDS´LQ Ghanaians from zones 11-12 consumed Liberian foods, and
addition to Food from Feeding Program (FFP), and these were western foods compared to Ghanaians in the adjacent village.
FRPSDUHG ZLWK  FKLOGUHQ WUHDWHG ZLWK RQO\ ))3 $IWHU WZR CONCLUSION: 7KHVH SUHOLPLQDU\ ¿QGLQJV LPSO\ WKDW
ZHHNV RI WUHDWPHQW  RI ³3DUPDSDS´ FKLOGUHQ DFKLHYHG HQFRXQWHUVEHWZHHQORFDODQGUHIXJHHSRSXODWLRQVLQÀXHQFHDQG
:+= !  '6 YV  S  RI ))3 FKLOGUHQ 'XULQJ IRVWHUWKHH[FKDQJHRIGLHWDU\SDWWHUQV)XQGLQJ3RVWGRFWRUDO
 PRQWKV IROORZXS D WRWDO RI  RI ³3DUPDSDS´ FKLOGUHQ Fellowship.
DFKLHYHG:+=!'6YV S RI))37KHUHZDV
QR FDVH RI GHDWK DPRQJ ³3DUPDSDS´ FKLOGUHQ YV  FDVHV
among FFP children. In conclusion, short-term supplementation P108-07
RI 00& ZLWK ³3DPDSDS´ LPSURYHG SURPSWO\ :+= DQG NATURAL DISASTERS AND CHALLENGES TO
UHGXFHGVLJQL¿FDQWO\WKHLQFLGHQFHRIZDVWLQJRYHUPRQWKV ACHIEVE NUTRITIONAL AND HEALTH SECURITY:
ROLE OF WOMEN
DR.P.Krishnamoorthy
P108-05 Deputy Director, National Institute of Public Cooperation and
FOOD HABITS OF SENEGALESE FAMILIES Child Development, New Delhi
RECEIVING HUMANITARIAN FOOD ASSISTANCE
Taren, Douglas L.1; Almony, Chandra1; Tecle, Selam1; Natural disaster is the consequence of a natural hazard which
Navarrete, Lorraine1; Menard, Stephen P.2; Diop, Medoune2; affects human activities. A natural hazard is a threat of an event
Wele, Al-Hassane2 that will have a negative effect on people or the environment.
1
University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA; 2Counterpart Earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, tsunamis, tropical
,QWHUQDWLRQDO6HQHJDO'DNDU6(1 cyclones and other severe storms, tornadoes and high winds,
ULYHU ÀRRGV DQG FRDVWDO ÀRRGLQJ ZLOG¿UHV DQG DVVRFLDWHG
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: There is limited information KD]H GURXJKW VDQGGXVW VWRUPV DQG LQVHFW LQIHVWDWLRQV FDXVH
on how food aid is used and integrated into the lives of families. widespread loss of human lives and livelihoods, destroy
This study’s objective was to systematically collect information economic and social infrastructure and damage environment
on the food habits of families who received food aid to and ecology. Various studies have indicated that loss of lives and
determine how rations are used within the sociocultural setting livelihoods due to natural disasters have been proportionately
of their households. much higher in developing countries. In fact more than 90
MATERIALS & METHODS: Eighty home visits were made percent of disaster deaths take place in developing countries and
LQ 1RUWKHUQ 6HQHJDO EHWZHHQ 1RYHPEHU  DQG )HEUXDU\ over seventy percent of them in Asia alone. Although economic
2009. Families received either a corn-soy or a dehydrated losses in absolute terms have been higher in the developed
potato-soy protein (DPSP) blend as part of a monthly ration. world, GDP losses have been much higher in developing
Home visits consisted of interviews using a semi-structured countries.
questionnaire with the children’s mothers and observations of OBJECTIVE: i) Understanding various natural disasters with
household habits. its regional dimension.
RESULTS & FINDINGS: Most families followed instructions LL  ,GHQWL¿FDWLRQ RI WKH SUREOHPV RI ZRPHQ DQG FKLOGUHQ LLL 
on how to prepare porridge with the rations. Mothers reported Options available to meet food and nutrition need. iv) Other
less fuel was used with the DPSP. Some people prepared possibilities to reduce the impact on them.
porridge with cold water. Some mothers used the blends as a RESULTS: The will make recommendation to various
savory food with a sauce and meat when available. Some people developmental departments about the timely action, health and
would eat handfuls of the ration in their original powder form nutrition of women and children apart from understanding the
DVDVQDFN6HYHUDORWKHUXVHVRIWKHUDWLRQZHUHDOVRLGHQWL¿HG UROH RI ZRPHQ  7KLV ZLOO DOVR KHOS 1*2¶V WR ¿QH WXQH WKHLU
CONCLUSION: Food aid programs need to use knowledge efforts and resources to assist the women effectively to meet the
about household behaviors to optimize the safety and nutritional challenges posed by natural disasters
value of food rations.

509
P109: Food Processing for Improved Nutrition III P109-03
A STUDY ON EXTRACTION METHODS OF
BARBERRY PIGMENTS
P109-01 6KDUL¿$NUDP1; Tavakoli Pour, Hamid2; Elhami Rad,
WELL BALANCED HIGH PROTEIN COATED Amirhosein2; Maskoki, Abdolmajid
FORTIFIED SNACKS FOR SCHOOL CHILDREN 1
Young-Researchers Club of Azad Islamic University,
M.M.Mostafa; M. El-Habashy; and E.Kabil Sabzevar, IRN; 2Azad Islamic University, Sabzevar, IRN;
Food Science and Technology Dept.,Faculty of Agric., 
Iranian Research Organization for Science & Technology
Minufyia Univ.,Shebin El-Kom,Cairo, Egypt (Irost), Mashad, IRN

In Egypt malnutrition could be considered as one of the Most of the colors which are used in food industries are
problems facing community. Most of the school children chemicals. As a result of the harmful effect of the usage of
suffered from retard growth. Vegetable protein presents about chemical substances nowadays, there is a tendency toward the
 RI WRWDO SURWHLQ FKLOGUHQ LQWDNH 7KHUHIRUH LW LV KLJKO\ natural colors. Towards this goal, production of color from rich
important to prepare a complementary diet throughout blending sources of natural color such as Barberry has been surveyed.
VRPHOHJXPHVDQGFHUHDOLQDVXLWDEOHIRUPDVH[WUXGDWHV)RXU Different anthocyanins are the main pigments of Barberry. In
EOHQGV ZHUH IRUPXODWHG DQG H[WUXGHG E\ D VLQJOH H[WUXGHU WKLVVWXG\WKHH[WUDFWLRQRI%DUEHUULHV¶DQWKRF\DQLQVLVFDUULHG
IURP JULWV RI \HOORZ FRUQ   ULFH   DQG GHIDWWHG RXW E\ 5HÀX[ 6\VWHP 7KHQ WKH FRQFHQWUDWLRQ RI WKH PDLQ
VR\EHDQ  7KHH[WUXGDWHVZHUHGULHGDW&IRU DQWKRF\DQLQ LQ %DUEHUU\ WKDW LV &\DQLGLQJO\FRVLGH ZDV
PLQXWHVDQGFRDWHGE\RLOFKHHVHDQGFKRFRODWHFUHDPÀDYRUV measured through pH differential method. The Results showed
ZLWKYLWDPLQVDQGPLQHUDOVPL[ PJJ¿QLVKSURGXFW  WKDW WKH PD[LPXP DPRXQW RI DQWKRF\DQLQ ZDV H[WUDFWDEOH DW
Technical aspects, physical properties, chemical composition ƒ&XVLQJDPL[WXUHRIHWKDQRODQGPHWKDQRODVWKHVROYHQW
DQGDQWLQXWULWLRQDOIDFWRUVRIH[WUXGDWHVZHUHGHWHUPLQHG7KH
H[WUXVLRQ GHVWUR\HG  RI 7,$  RI SK\WLF DQG WDQQLF
DFLGV )RUWL¿FDWLRQ ZLWK YLWDPLQV $ % IRODFLQ QLDFLQ  DQG P109-04
PLQHUDOV LURQ =LQF &DOFLXP  RI  JP RI WKH VQDFNV ZHUH APPLICATION OF FERMENTED CHEESE WHEY IN
FRYHUHGWRRIYLWDPLQVDQGWRRIPLQHUDOVRI THE FORMULATION OF MAYONNAISE SAUCE
the RDA for school children. The blends were able to increase Pedramnia, Ahmad1; 6KDUL¿$NUDP2
the protein contents balancing amino acids. Both vitamins and 1
Islamic Azad University, Sabzevar, Iran, sabzevar, IRN;
minerals were satisfactory and the sensory properties were 2
Young-Researchers Club of Islamic Azad University, Sabzevar,
highly improved. IRN

Mayonnaise is the most popular sauce all over the world. The
P109-02 characteristic quality of mayonnaise is because of its taste,
AMOUNT OF TOTAL PHENOLIC COMPOUNDS aroma, and consistency which depend directly on the proportion
AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF FRESH AND of the ingredients used in its formulation. The nutrition value of
PRESERVED Ellaeocarpus hygrophilus Kurz. FRUITS mayonnaise may be enhanced through using fermented cheese
Sarunyakasitharin, Katekeaw1; Wetwitayaklungb, Penpan2; whey (FCW) in its formulation. Moreover, FCW can improve
Phaechamuda, Thawatchai viscosity and consistency of mayonnaise and its shelf life. In
1
Silpakorn University, Nakhon-pathom, THA; 2Silpakorn this study, cheese whey having been fermented some chemical
University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Nakhon-Pathom, THA; H[DPLQDWLRQV EHIRUH DQG DIWHU IHUPHQWDWLRQ ZHUH SUHIRUPHG

Silpakorn University, Pharmaceutical Technology, Nakhon- in order to determine the pH, acidity, lactose and protein
Pathom, THA SHUFHQWDJH LQ WKH ZKH\ 7KH REWDLQHG ):& WKHQ ZDV PL[HG
ZLWKDFLGDFHWLFZLWK¿YHSURSRUWLRQVRI7KHVH
OBJECTIVE: The amount of total phenolic compounds and PL[WXUHV ZHUH WKHQ XVHG LQ WKH IRUPXODWLRQ RI PD\RQQDLVH
DQWLR[LGDQWDFWLYLW\ZHUHGHWHUPLQHGIRUWKHIUHVK6SDQLVKSOXP 7KH ¿YH IRUPXODWLRQV XQGHUZHQW VRPH FKHPLFDO VDPSOLQJ
fruits (Ellaeocarpus hygrophilus Kurz., family Elaeocarpaceae.) to determine the pH, acidity, lactose, dry matter and protein
in various ages and of preserved fruits, by chilling and pickle. percentages. Finally, Sensory Evaluation was used to select the
METHODS: Fresh and chilled Spanish plum fruits at different EHVWIRUPXODWLRQ7KHIRUPXODWLRQZLWK)&:ZDVWKHEHVW
temperature conditions were squeezed and subsequently the pH one in terms of taste, aroma, consistency and color.
DQG VXJDU FRQWHQW EUL[  RI WKH MXLFHV ZHUH H[DPLQHG 7KH
PHWKDQROLFH[WUDFWVRIWKHIUXLWVWKDWZHUHFKLOOHGDQGSULFNOHG
were also measured their total phenolic content by using Folin- P109-05
&LRFDOWHX UHDJHQW 7KH DQWLR[LGDQW DFWLYLW\ RI DOO SUHSDUHG THE IDENTIFICATION OF THE BACTERIA STRAINS
H[WUDFWV ZDV GHWHUPLQHG E\ 7UROR[ (TXLYDOHQW $QWLR[LGDQW FOR CULTURING FERMENT SOYBEAN WITH
Capacity Assay (TEAC). TRADITIONAL BABAO DOUCHI FLAVORS
RESULTS: The period and temperature of chilling showed no Shen, Li R.1; Li, Hua2; )HQJ)HQJ41; Li, Duo1
VLJQL¿FDQWO\HIIHFWRQS+RIWKHIUXLWMXLFH7KHYDULRXVSHULRG 1
Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, CHN; 2Yangzhou University,
RIFKLOOLQJVKRZHGQRVLJQL¿FDQWO\GLIIHUHQWHIIHFWRQEUL[RI Jiangshu, CHN
WKHIUXLWVEXWWKHWHPSHUDWXUHRIFKLOOLQJHQKDQFHGWKHEUL[
The young fruit contained the higher amount of total phenols in Babao Douchi is one of famous traditional ferment soybean
WKHFUXGHH[WUDFWVDQGWKHMXLFHWKDQWKDWRIWKHHOGHU7KHSHULRG products fermented with natural bacterial. But which bacterial
of chilling showed no effect on total phenols of the fruits. The strains used and whether these strains are safe for human have
longer period and higher temperature during storage of fruits been unclear until now. Our study is to isolate and identify the
EHIRUH MXLFH VTXHH]LQJ JDYH WKH VLJQL¿FDQW GHFUHDVLQJ HIIHFW EHQH¿FLDO VWUDLQV IURP QDWXUDO IHUPHQW GRXFKL IRU SURGXFLQJ
RQWKHDPRXQWRIWRWDOSKHQROVRIWKHLUMXLFHV7KHDQWLR[LGDQW KLJK TXDOLW\ SURGXFWV ZLWK WUDGLWLRQDO ÀDYRUV $OO EDFWHULDO
activity of the fruits in all age was low. The period, temperature VWUDLQVLQ%DEDR'RXFKLZHUHLVRODWHGDQGSXUL¿HGE\VWDQGDUG
RIFKLOOLQJDQGSULFNOHWLPHRIIUXLWVJDYHQRVLJQL¿FDQWHIIHFW microbiological methods and grouped by colonial morphology.
RQDQWLR[LGDQWDFWLYLWLHV These strains were preliminary screened based on the proteinase
CONCLUSION: The preserved conditions could be considered activity. Then the strains with the highest proteinase activity in
for storage the Spanish plum fruits since they could affect the HDFK JURXS ZHUH LGHQWL¿HG E\ PRUSKRORJLFDO SK\VLRORJLFDO
EUL[ DPRXQW RI WRWDO SKHQROLF FRPSRXQGV DQG DQWLR[LGDQW DQG ELRFKHPLFDO FKDUDFWHUV FRPELQHG ZLWK DQDO\VLV RI 6
activity of the fruit. U'1$ VHTXHQFHV 6L[ VWUDLQV LQFOXGLQJ IRXU %DFLOOXV VXEWLOLV
510
strains and one B. licheniformis strains were determined. The LQÀXHQW DQG WKH DPRXQW RI SRO\SKHQROV DQG DQWKRF\DQV ZHUH
proteinase activities of B. subtilis strains were much higher than WKH KLJKHVW DW  ƒ& IRU  K $GGLWLRQ RI ZDWHU WR HWKDQRO
that of B. licheniformis stain. B. subtilis may play major roles in VWDWLVWLFDOO\LPSURYHGUDWHRISKHQROVH[WUDFWLRQ+3/&DQDO\VLV
proteolysis during fermentation. Two B. subtilis strains, BBDC RI WKH H[WUDFWV VKRZHG WKDW JDOOLF DFLG SFRXPDULF DFLG
 DQG %%'&  ZHUH FKRVHQ DV LQGXVWU\ VWUDLQV 7KH IHUPHQW FDIIHLFDFLG  FDWHFKLQSURF\DQLGLQ%TXHUFHWLQEHWD'
soybean products cultured with the two B. subtilis have typical glucoside and quercetin were the major phenolic compounds in
WUDGLWLRQDO %DEDR 'RXFKL ÀDYRU 7KH UHVXOW ZLOO RIIHU D QHZ ZLQHU\ZDVWH6LQDSLFDFLGĮGLK\GUR[\EHQ]RLFDFLGLVRYDQLOLF
route for producing ferment soybean with both Babao Douchi acid, p-coumaric acid, trans-ferulic acid, myricetin, kaempferol,
ÀDYRUVDQGIRRGVDIHW\LQIXWXUH W\URVRODQGSURF\DQLGLQ%ZHUHDOVRLGHQWL¿HG
CONCLUSION: As a result, the grape mark is the good source
RI SRO\SKHQROV DQG FRXOG EH XVHG DV QDWXUDO DQWLR[LGDQWV RI
P109-06 food.
SPME-GC/MS VS. SENSORY ANALYSIS IN
MONITORING BAKERY FOOD AUTOXIDATION
Mildner-Szkudlarz, Sylwia; Obuchowski, Wiktor; Bajerska, P109-08
-RDQQD3R]QDĔ8QLYHUVLW\RI/LIH6FLHQFHV3R]QDĔ32/ THE IMPACT OF PROCESSING ON THE ANTIOXIDANT
PHENOLICS IN WHEAT BRAN
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: /LSLG R[LGDWLRQ LV &DR;XHOL1,2; Petrofsky, Keith2; Ren, Hong1; Ruan, Roger2
undoubtedly one of the most important processes occurring in Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing, CHN;
IRRG V\VWHPV DQG KDV VWURQJ HIIHFWV RQ WKH XQGHVLUDEOH ÀDYRU University of Minnesota, MN, USA
of food. The aim of this study was (1) to evaluate usefulness of
the volatile compounds and sensory analysis for monitoring the RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: 7KH EHQH¿FLDO HIIHFWV
R[LGDWLRQSURFHVVRFFXUULQJLQWKHELVFXLWV  WRLQYHVWLJDWHWKH associated with whole grain consumption are in part due to the
HIIHFWRIJUHHQWHDH[WUDFWVRQELVFXLWVOLSLGIUDFWLRQR[LGDWLYH H[LVWHQFH RI WKH XQLTXH DQWLR[LGDQW SKHQROLFV ZKLFK PDLQO\
VWDELOLW\  WRFRPSDUHUHVXOWVREWDLQHGE\630(*&06DQG SUHVHQWLQWKHEUDQDQGDUHHVWHUL¿HGWRKHPLFHOOXORVHRIWKHFHOO
sensory studies to that of chemical analysis. walls. The purpose of this work was to investigate the release of
MATERIALS & METHODS: Biscuits were prepared in three phenolics in wheat bran through different processing.
variations. Control samples were prepared without addition MATERIALS & METHODS: Wheat bran samples in
RIDQWLR[LGDQWV7KHRWKHUYDULDWLRQVZHUHSUHSDUHGE\DGGLQJ two different particle sizes were processed by soaking with
V\QWKHWLF DQWLR[LGDQW %+$   DQG JUHHQ WHD H[WUDFW DW different concentration of NaOH aqueous solution followed
WKUHH GLIIHUHQW OHYHOV   DQG   $OO VDPSOHV ZHUH by homogenization. The processed samples were analyzed for
VXEMHFWHGWRVWRUDJHWHVWIRUGD\VDWƒ& the release of 12 phenolic acids in soluble free, conjugated and
RESULTS: Several volatile components that contribute bound forms by HPLC.
WR WKH DURPD SUR¿OH RI IUHVK ELVFXLWV UHSUHVHQWHG JURXSV RI RESULTS & FINDINGS: It was also found that treatment with
FKDUDFWHULVWLF YRODWLOHV SURGXFHG WKURXJK OLSLG SHUR[LGDWLRQ NaOH was the main contribution to the remarkable increasing
0DLOODUGUHDFWLRQDQGFDUDPHOL]DWLRQ$VR[LGDWLRQSURFHHGHG UHOHDVHRIIUHHSKHQROLFVDQG11D2+ZHUHVXLWDEOHIRU
the volatile compounds characteristic for baking process, the treatment of wheat bran.
VKDUSO\GHFUHDVHG7KHVLJQL¿FDQWFRUUHODWLRQRIEHWZHHQ CONCLUSION: Processing is very important for improving the
changes in the sum of Maillard reaction products and reduction functionality of the bran and bioavailability of phytochemicals.
RI LQVHQVLWLYLW\ RI EURZQ ÀDYRU ZDV IRXQG$IWHU  GD\V RI
storage increase of carbonyl compounds amount and appearance
RI RWKHU PDUNHUV RI OLSLG R[LGDWLRQ ZDV IRXQG +RZHYHU IRU P109-09
ELVFXLWV ZLWK DGGLWLRQ RI DQWLR[LGDQWV WKH UDWH RI IRUPDWLRQRI CHEMICAL PROPERTIES AND SHELF LIFE OF
VHFRQGDU\R[LGDWLRQSURGXFWVZDVVPDOOHU FRESH FRUIT FLAVOURED SOYMILK YOGHURT
CONCLUSION: ([DPSOHVVKRZQLQGLFDWHWKDWXVLQJ630( AND COW MILK YOGHURT
*&06 DQG VHQVRU\ DQDO\VLV LW LV SRVVLEOH WR PRQLWRU WKH Obatolu, Veronica A.; Farinde, Elizabeth O.; Fasoyiro,
R[LGDWLRQSURFHVVRFFXUULQJLQWKHELVFXLWV Subuwola B. IAR&T, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ibadan
Oyo State, NGA

P109-07 RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Yoghurt high in protein


PHENOLIC COMPOUNDS AND ANTIOXIDANT FRQVXPSWLRQLVUHVWULFWHGWRWKHIHZDIÀXHQFHRIWKHFRPPXQLW\
ACTIVITY FROM WINE-MAKING WASTES Soybean has successfully been introduced into traditional diet
Mildner-Szkudlarz, Sylwia1; Szwengiel, Artur1; Bajerska, to alleviate the prevalence of protein energy malnutrition. This
Joanna1; Obuchowski, Wiktor1; Remiszewski, Marian2 study looks into the chemical properties shelf life of yoghurt
3R]QDĔ8QLYHUVLW\RI/LIH6FLHQFHV3R]QDĔ32/,QVWLWXWH enrich with fresh fruits processed at household level.
RI$JULFXOWXUDODQG)RRG%LRWHFKQRORJ\3R]QDĔ32/ MATERIALS & METHODS: Cow milk and soybean milk
were processed into yoghurt using cereal steep water as
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Agricultural and industrial IHUPHQWDWLRQ PHGLXP DQG IRUWL¿HG ZLWK RUDQJH SLQHDSSOH
UHVLGXHV DUH DWWUDFWLYH VRXUFHV RI QDWXUDO DQWLR[LGDQWV %\ grape or banana. Samples were stored at ambient, refrigerator
products, which remain after processing of fruit and vegetable and freezing temperature for 17 days and chemical, microbial
in food processing industry, still contain a huge amount of and sensory analysis done.
phenolic compounds. The main objective of this work was RESULTS & FINDINGS: 7KH UHVXOW VKRZV D VLJQL¿FDQW
WR LQYHVWLJDWH WKH HIIHFWV RI H[WUDFWLRQ WLPH WHPSHUDWXUH DQG S  KLJK SURWHLQ DQG FUXGH ¿EHU LQ VR\ \RJKXUW ÀDYRUHG
VROYHQWRQFRQFHQWUDWLRQDQGDQWLR[LGDQWDFWLYLW\RIUHGJUDSH ZLWKSLQHDSSOHZKLOHWRWDOGU\PDWWHUDQGYLWDPLQ&VLJQL¿FDQWO\
mark polyphenols obtained from Polish wine-making factory. KLJKHULQSODLQFRZPLON\RJKXUW9LWDPLQ&ZDVVLJQL¿FDQWO\
MATERIALS & METHODS: Dried and milled mark was lowered in all yoghurt samples by the 17 day of storage. Total
H[WUDFWHG ZLWK WKH VROYHQW HWKDQRO  DQG   IRU GLIIHUHQW DHURELFFRXQWUDQJHGEHWZHHQ“LQVR\\RJKXUWÀDYRUHG
UDQJHV RI WHPSHUDWXUH   DQG  ƒ&  DQG GLIIHUHQW ZLWK SLQHDSSOH WR  “  LQ \RJKXUW SURFHVVHG IURP FRZ
PDFHUDWLRQWLPH DQGK 7KHDQWLR[LGDQWDFWLYLW\RIH[WUDFWV PLONÀDYRUHGZLWKRUDQJH6WDSK\ORFRFFXVZDVSUHVHQWRQGD\
was investigated by DPPH methods. Moreover total polyphenol 0 of storage in 1 yoghurt samples but reduced to 0 by the end
DQGDQWKRF\DQVFRQWHQWDQG+3/&LGHQWL¿FDWLRQRIWKHSKHQROLF of storage in the refrigerator and freezer. The cost of production
compounds were performed. IRU VR\PLON \RJKXUW ZDV VLJQL¿FDQWO\ ORZHU WKDQ \RJKXUW
RESULTS: Both temperature and time were statistically VDPSOH IURP FRZ PLON 7KHUH ZHUH QR VLJQL¿FDQW GLIIHUHQFH
511
when compare to commercial dairy yoghurt sample, P109-12
CONCLUSION: Soymilk yoghurt can be processed at home EFFECTS OF ADDITION OF KATUK (Sauropus
level using readily available local material as fermentation androgynus Merr) IN FEED ON MICE REPRODUCTION
medium AND MILK PRODUCTION
Rizal Damanik1) & Arindhini2)
1
Department of Community Nutrition, IPB University, Bogor,
P109-10 IDN
VITAMIN A STABILITY AND SENSORY EVALUATION 2
Department of Animal Production, IPB University, Bogor,
OF EXTRUDED RICE GRAINS FORTIFIED WITH IDN
IRON, ZINC AND VITAMIN A
Pinkaew, Siwaporn1; Wegmueller, Rita2; Hurrell, Richard F.2 Katuk leaves (Sauropus androgynus Merr) are commonly
1
Human Nutrition Laboratory, Zurich, CHE; 2ETH,Zurich, consumed as diet for lactating women in Indonesia. This study
Zurich, CHE aimed to study the effect of addition of Katuk leaves in feed
on mice reproduction and milk production. The study design
0XOWLPLFURQXWULHQW IRUWL¿HG ULFH FRXOG EH DQ HIIHFWLYH DQG ZDVFRPSOHWHO\UDQGRPIDFWRULDO [ ZLWKIDFWRUVSHUFHQWDJH
VXVWDLQDEOH DSSURDFK WR FRPEDW PLFURQXWULHQW GH¿FLHQFLHV LQ RI.DWXNOHDYHVDGGHGLQIHHG DQG DQGJLYHQWLPH
developing countries where rice is the staple food. Our objective of feed (Day-14 during pregnancy and day of giving birth).
ZDV WR SURGXFH H[WUXGHG ULFH JUDLQV WULSOH IRUWL¿HG ZLWK LURQ The study results showed that addition of Katuk in feed had
zinc and vitamin A with acceptable vitamin A stability and good VLJQL¿FDQWHIIHFWV 3 RQIHHGFRQVXPSWLRQRIPLFH7KH
sensory properties. addition of Katuk did not affect litter size and birth weight, and
([WUXGHGULFHJUDLQVWREHPL[HGZLWKQDWXUDOULFHZHUH daily body weight gain. Interaction between the addition level
prepared containing retinyl palmitate, ferric pyrophosphate RI.DWXNDQGJLYHQWLPHRIIHHGKDGVLJQL¿FDQWHIIHFW 3 
 PJ )HJ  DQG  GLIIHUHQW ]LQF FRPSRXQGV PJ=Q J  on feed consumption and milk production and daily gain weight
6WDELOLW\RIYLWDPLQ$ZDVPHDVXUHGDIWHUKRWH[WUXVLRQGU\LQJ RIPLFH 3 $GGLWLRQRI.DWXNRQIHHGDQGJLYHQ
cooking and storage under tropical conditions. Color was time on day 14th during pregnancy had greatest effects on
measured with a colorimeter and by visual inspection. breast milk production and daily weight gain of the newborn.
9LWDPLQ $ ZDV UHODWLYHO\ VWDEOH WR H[WUXVLRQ a ORVV  DQG
GU\LQJ a  ORVV  EXW PRUH VXVFHSWLEOH WR ORVVHV GXULQJ
FRRNLQJ a DQGVWRUDJHIRUPRDWȠ&DQG5+ a P109-13
LQWUDQVSDUHQWSODVWLFEDJVDQGaLQOLJKWSURWHFWHGIRLO EFFECTS OF ADDITION OF TORBANGUN LEAVES
bags). Mean total losses of storage and cooked rice approached (Coleus amboinicus Lour) IN FEED ON MICE
1RFRORUFKDQJHVZHUHREVHUYHG REPRODUCTION AND MILK PRODUCTION
Vitamin A storage losses may be considerable and must be Rizal Damanik1,2), Frans Silitonga & P.H. Siagian
WDNHQLQWRDFFRXQWZKHQVHWWLQJWKHIRUWL¿FDWLRQOHYHO 1
Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human
Ecology, IPB University, Bogor, IDN
2
$VLD3DFL¿F+HDOWK 1XWULWLRQ&HQWUH0RQDVK$VLD
P109-11 Institute, Monash University, Melbourne, AUS
SHELF LIFE CHARACTERISTICS AND TOTAL 
Department of Animal Production, IPB University, Bogor,
MIGRATION OF TORBANGUN SOUP (Coleus IDN
amboinicus Lour) IN CANNED CONTAINING buthylated
hidroxy toluen Torbangun plant (Coleus amboinicus Lour) is used as herb among
Rizal Damanik1,2), Devi Marlina & Endang Warsiki Bataknese people in North Sumatera, Indonesia. In Bataknese
1)
Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human tradition, Torbangun leaves are consumed with the beliefs it can
Ecology, IPB University, Bogor, IDN stimulate breast milk production of lactating mothers. The aim
2)
$VLD3DFL¿F+HDOWK 1XWULWLRQ&HQWUH0RQDVK$VLD of this study was to compare effects of addition of Torbangun
Institute, Monash University, Melbourne, AUS (either in fresh or cooked form) in feed on mice reproduction

Department of Agroindustrial Technology, IPB University, performance and milk production. The study design was
Bogor, IDN complete random with two factors: percentage of addition of
7RUEDQJXQFRRNHG YVYV DQG7RUEDQJXQOHDYHV
Torbangun soup is a traditional cuisine consumed by Bataknese  7KH HIIHFWV RI WKHVH IDFWRUV RQ IHHG FRQVXPSWLRQ PLON
lactating women in North Sumatera Indonesia in order to production, birth litter size, birth and weaning weight, and
stimulate their breast milk production. Currently, the soup daily weight gain of mice were studied. The results showed that
is prepared using fresh leaves and once cooked it should be DGGLWLRQRI7RUEDQJXQ IUHVKRUFRRNHG LQIHHGKDGVLJQL¿FDQW
consumed immediately. Efforts to prolong shelf life of the soup HIIHFWV 3 RQIHHGFRQVXPSWLRQDQGZHDQLQJZHLJKWRI
VKRXOG EH PDGH LQ DWWHPSW VRXS SUHSDUDWLRQ PRUH HI¿FLHQWO\ PLFH/HYHOVRIDGGLWLRQRI7RUEDQJXQGLGQRWKDYHVLJQL¿FDQW
The present study aimed to analyze shelf life characteristic of effect on birth litter size and daily weight gain.
VRXSLQFDQQHGZKLFKZDVDGGHGEXWK\ODWHGKLGUR[\LWROXHQLQ
its preparations. Total plate account and thiobarbituric acid for
microbiology and rancidity assessments were analyzed. Results P110: Food Composition and Biodiversity II
of the study showed that the soup shelf life in cool temperature
ƒ&DQGƒ& LVORQJHUWKDQLQURRPWHPSHUDWXUH YV
14 days). Total residual migration from packaging material into P110-01
WKH VRXS LV ORZHU WKDQ  PJGP DOORZLQJ E\ WKH 'LUHFWLYH SELENIUM, ZINC AND COPPER CONTENTS IN
((&IRUDTXHRXVIRRGVLPXODQW,QFRQFOXVLRQDGGLWLRQ NORTHEAST THAI VEGETABLES Boonsiri, Patcharee1;
of BHT in soup preparation can prolong the shelf life of Hongsprabhas, Pranithi2; Daduang, Jureerut; Yongvanit,
Torbangun soup. Puangrat1
1
Department of Biochemistry, Khon Kaen, THA; 2Department
of Medicine, Khon Kaen, THA; Department of Medical
Technology, Khon Kaen, THA

RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Selenium, zinc and copper


DUH WUDFH HOHPHQWV ZKLFK DFW DV FRIDFWRUV RI DQWLR[LGDQW
enzymes in human. Northeast Thais usually consume vegetables
512
accompanied with their meal. Therefore, we aim to determine No delipidation or deproteinization procedures were required
VHOHQLXP]LQFDQGFRSSHUFRQWHQWVLQHGLEOHYHJHWDEOHVLQ LQWKHH[SHULPHQW1D2+SURYLGHGWKHKLJKHVW\LHOGRIWKHJXP
northeast. compared to other chemicals. The results suggested that the
MATERIALS & METHODS: The fresh vegetables were seed coat fraction should be used as a starting material for the
SXUFKDVHG IURP ORFDO PDUNHWV LQ .KRQ .DHQ GXULQJ $SULO ± isolation of Malva nut gum.
6HSWHPEHU  7KH FRQFHQWUDWLRQV RI VHOHQLXP ]LQF DQG
copper were determined by inductive coupled plasma-optical
emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES ). P110-04
RESULTS & FINDINGS: 7KH VWXGLHG YHJHWDEOHV H[KLELWHG NUTRITIONAL QUALITY OF DATE PALM SEEDS OIL
varied selenium, zinc and copper contents. Selenium was Habib, Hosam M.; Ibrahim, Wissam H.; Al-Dhaheri, Ayshia S.
IRXQG LQ YHU\ ORZ DPRXQWV  PLFURJUDPJ ZHW UAE University, Alain, ARE
wt), whereas zinc and copper concentrations were in the range
 PLOOLJUDPJ ZHW ZW &DUH\D 6SKDHULFD 5R[E& The pits from date palm fruits (dactylifera L.) are nutrient
Barringtonia acutangula Gaertn., Leucaena leucocephala (Lam). dense but the nutrient composition across varieties has not been
CONCLUSION: A number of northeast vegetables could be a H[WHQVLYHO\ VWXGLHG ,Q WKH SUHVHQW VWXG\  OHDGLQJ YDULHWLHV
rich source of essential minerals. of date pits from date fruits cultivated in the UAE (Khalas,
Barhe, Lulu, Shikat alkahlas, Sokkery, Bomaan, Sagay, Shishi,
Maghool, Sultana, Fard, Maktoomi, Naptit Saif, Jabri, Kodary,
P110-02 Dabbas, Raziz and Shabebe) were analyzed and compared
IRON, ZINC AND PHYTIC ACID LEVELS OF IRU WKHLU IDWW\ DFLG SUR¿O 2LOV H[WUDFWHG IURP WKH VHHGV ZHUH
GRAIN AMARANTH COMMONLY USED IN KENYA FRPSDUHGLQWHUPVRIIDWW\DFLGSUR¿OHE\JDVFKURPDWRJUDSK\
Macharia-Mutie, Catherine W.1; Brouwer, Inge D2.; Mwangi, )DWFRQWHQWHGUDQJHGIURP7ZHQW\WKUHHIDWW\
Alice M.; Kok, Frans J. acids were found, and the unsaturated fatty acid oleic was the
1
Wageningen University, Nairobi Kenya, KEN; 2Wageningen PDMRUIDWW\DFLGZKLFKUDQJHG±JJIDW0\ULVWLF
University, Wageningen, NLD; University of Nairobi, palmitic, stearic and linoleic were also found, average values
Nairobi, KEN EHLQJJJIDW±JJIDW±
JJIDWDQG±JJIDWUHVSHFWLYHO\'XHWRWKH
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: Grain amaranth is a WKHUHLVQRVHULRXVDWWHPSWVKDYHEHHQPDGHWRH[SORLWWKHVHHGV
widely accepted pseudo-cereal. Nutrient composition of the as potential by-products of the date industry this investigation
JUDLQ DPDUDQWK ÀRXU LQ WKH .HQ\DQ PDUNHW LV ODFNLQJ 7KH may stimulate interest in date seed oil for use as sources of
REMHFWLYH RI WKLV VWXG\ ZDV WR HYDOXDWH WKH SUR[LPDWH DQG healthy edible oils, cosmetic and pharmaceuticals.
inorganic composition of grain amaranth commonly used in
PDNLQJSRUULGJHÀRXUVLQ.HQ\D
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten samples collected P110-05
HLWKHUDVJUDLQRUÀRXUZHUHDQDO\]HG3UR[LPDWHLURQ]LQFDQG EFFECT OF ENZYMATIC HYDROLYSIS FOR
phytate analysis was done in duplicate. NUCLEIC ACID ANALYSIS IN HOT WATER
RESULTS: Protein content of the samples ranged between EXTRACT OF CHLORELLA VULGARIS USING HIGH
DQGJJ'07KHJUDLQVDPSOHVKDGKLJKHUFRQWHQW PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY
RI GLHWDU\ ¿EHU FRPSDUHG WR ÀRXU VDPSOHV7KH LURQ DQG ]LQF Kim, Meekyung; Hong, Eunyoung; Jung, Jiin; Kim, Gun-Hee
YDOXHV RI WKH JUDLQ UDQJHG EHWZHHQ PJJ DQG Duksung Women’s University, Seoul, KOR
PJJ'0 UHVSHFWLYHO\ )HUPHQWHG JUDLQ DPDUDQWK ÀRXU
had the highest amount of iron among all the samples. The RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Although many studies
molar ratios of phytate to minerals were above the critical values KDYH VKRZQ YDULRXV IXQFWLRQDO HIIHFWV RI KRW ZDWHU H[WUDFWV
H[FHSWWKHSK\WDWHLURQPRODUUDWLRRIIHUPHQWHGDPDUDQWKÀRXU of Chlorella vulgaris (CVE), very little is known about
CONCLUSION: Whereas the number of samples analyzed in WKH ELRORJLFDO FRPSRVLWLRQ DQDO\VLV RI KRW ZDWHU H[WUDFW RI
the present study were relatively few, it is evident that grain Chlorella. In this study, nucleic acid with immune function is
amaranth has high iron content and its bioavailability can be analyzed mainly component by enzymatic hydrolysis and non-
H[SORUHGIXUWKHU7KRXJKWKHSK\WDWHLURQUDWLRVRIDPDUDQWKDUH enzymatic hydrolysis.
relatively low, this was mainly due to high iron values rather MATERIALS & METHODS: &9( ZDV H[WUDFWHG ZLWK
than low phytate level. KRW GLVWLOOHG ZDWHU  ZY   DW 0C for 1hour. CVE
was hydrolyzed by Enzyme RP-1G and then used for HPLC
analysis. Separation condition consisted of reversed-phase
P110-03 FROXPQ î PP  —P  PDLQWDLQHG DW 0C, gradient
FRACTIONATION AND ISOLATION OF HOXWLRQV\VWHPRI6ROYHQW$ ZDWHUPHWKDQRO ZLWKP0
POLYSACCHARIDE FROM MALVA NUT SEEDS '0+$ S+   DQG 6ROYHQW % ZDWHU PHWKDQRO  ZLWK
Srichamroen, Anchalee, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok P0'0+$ 89GHWHFWLRQZDVFDUULHGRXWDWQP
Province, THA RESULTS & FINDINGS: By enzymatic hydrolysis method,
nucleoside and nucleotide was separated in CVE: cytidine,
Malva nut fruit (Scaphium scaphigerum) has been cultivated in uridine, guanosine, adenosine, CMP, UMP, AMP, GDP, CDP,
the East of Thailand. The mucilage of the seeds was used to UDP, ADP, GDP. But, non-enzymatic hydrolysis was not almost
reduce the body weight, thus increased attention has been given separated. Results of quantitative analysis of total nucleosides
WRWKHGHYHORSPHQWRIWKHPHWKRGRIH[WUDFWLRQDQGSXUL¿FDWLRQ DQGQXFOHRWLGHVLQ&9(ZHUHVKRZHGDERXWPJSHUJ&9(
RIWKLVSRO\VDFFKDULGH7KH¿UVWREMHFWLYHRIWKHSUHVHQWVWXG\ Among others, level of CMP was highest.
ZDVWRLQYHVWLJDWHWKHSUR[LPDWHFRPSRVLWLRQRIWKHVHHGV7KH CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, optimal analysis condition for
seeds were separated into three fractions (seed coat, middle nucleic acid with immune function from CVE was established
SDUWDQGLQQHUSDUW 7KHSURSRUWLRQRIWKUHHIUDFWLRQVZDV and determined nucleic acid level.
  ZZ  UHVSHFWLYHO\ 7KH UHVXOWV VKRZHG WKDW
VHHGFRDWFRQWDLQHGWKHKLJKHVWDPRXQWRISRO\VDFFKDULGH 
ZZ  FRPSDUHG WR RWKHU IUDFWLRQV ZKLOH WKH LQQHU SDUW ZDV D
VRXUFH RI SURWHLQ  ZZ  7KH VHFRQG REMHFWLYH RI WKLV
study was to develop a method of isolation of malva nut gum.
7KHJXPZDVH[WUDFWHGIURPVHHGFRDWIUDFWLRQE\VWLUULQJZLWK
 YROXPHV RI FKHPLFDOVROXWLRQV HJ1D2+ .2++2 
513
P110-06 P110-08
CHANGES IN THE TOTAL GLUCOSINOLATES NUTRITIVE VALUES OF FONIO AND FONIO
LEVELS OF KOREAN CHINESE CABBAGE DURING PRODUCTS
KIMCHI STORAGE Fanou, Nadia L.1; Hulshof, Paul J.2; Koreissi, Yara; Brouwer,
Jung, Jiin; Hong, Eunyoung; Kim, Meekyung; Kim, Gun-Hee Inge2
Duksung Women’s University, Seoul, KOR 1
University Abomey Calavi, Cotonou, BEN; 2Wageningen
University, Wageningen, NLD; Rural Institute of Economics,
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Kimchi is a traditional Bamako, MLI
pickled food using Korean Chinese cabbage (Brassica
campestris var. pekinensis) and also containing phytochemicals, )RQLR 'LJLWDULD H[LOLV  LV FXOWLYDWHG LQ D YDVW DUHD LQ :HVW
glucosinolates. This study was carried out to investigate the Africa and is known to be used as staple food harvested 2 to
changes in the total glucosinolates levels of Kimchi during PRQWKEHIRUHWKHPDLQFURSVPDWXUHSURYLGLQJQXWULHQWVLQ
different storage condition. the hungry season. Fonio is consumed after a long and strong
MATERIALS & METHODS: Kimchi was prepared according processing scheme which could affect iron and zinc content of
to the standard recipe of the Korean Rural Development fonio as the major part inside the grain is removed by cleaning,
Administration and storage at 200C and 40C . They were also decortications and washing. The objective of the research is to
analyzed chemical properties: pH, titratable acidity, soluble study the nutritional value of different fonio varieties and fonio
sugar, organic acid and salt content. For determination of products such as fonio paddy and mid wet fonio, especially
JOXFRVLQRODWHVJRI.LPFKLZDVXVHGIRUDQDO\WLFDOVDPSOH with respect to macronutrients, iron, zinc, and inhibitors of
SUHSDUDWLRQ SURYLGHG ZLWK DQ DQLRQ H[FKDQJH FROXPQ DQG iron and zinc uptake (phytate). Twelve different fonio varieties
measured by UV-visible Spectrophotometer. FROOHFWHG IURP  IDUPHUV LQ  UHJLRQV 6LNDVVR DQG 6HJRX 
RESULTS & FINDINGS: As the storage time increased, the ZHUHVHOHFWHGEDVHGRQWKHVDPSOHIUDPHGHVFULEHGLQ:3RI
titratable acidity levels in the midrib parts and leaves increased the INCO-FONIO project. Composite samples were made from
rapidly after initial storage time but the pH values decreased farmers varieties. Fonio paddy was cleaned, milled, washed
after initial storage time at both temperatures. The salt content and drained to get mid-wet fonio. Processed fonio was made
was higher in the leaves than midrib parts after storage time at according to standardized local procedures. Nutrient analysis
200C and 40C . Total glucosinolates levels were comparatively =Q)HSUR[LPDWHVDQGSK\WDWH ZDVSHUIRUPHGLQWKHSDGG\
higher in the midrib parts than leaves during storage at both and the mid-wet fonio. The new data from this study will be
temperatures. But total glucosinolates levels of both parts used to update the food composition database. Fe concentration
GHFUHDVHGVOLJKWO\DFFRUGLQJWRH[WHQGVWRUDJHWLPH RIIRQLRYDULHWLHVDQGSURGXFWVUDQJHGIURPWRPJJ
CONCLUSIONS: The changes in these levels of both parts in GU\PDWWHULQSDGG\ZKLOHWRPJJLQPLGZHWZLWK
Korean Chinese cabbage depended on the storage conditions. DQDYHUDJHYDOXHVRIPJJLQSDGG\DQGPJJ
LQ PLG ZHW 9DOXHV IRU =Q UDQJHG IURP  WR  LQ SDGG\
ZKLOH  WR  PJJ LQ PLG ZHW ZLWK DQ DYHUDJH RI 
P110-07 PJJ LQ SDGG\ DQG  PJJ LQ PLG ZHW 7KH SK\WDWH
RECONCILING NUTRITION AND CONSERVATION IN FRQFHQWUDWLRQ UDQJHG IURP  WR  PJJ LQ SDGG\ DQG
GABON WRPJJLQPLGZHWIRQLRZLWKPHDQYDOXHVRI
Blaney, Sonia; Thibault, Marc World Wide Fund for Nature, PJJLQSDGG\DQGLQPLGZHWIRQLR)HDQG=QFRQWHQW
Bayanga, CAF of the fully processed fonio varieties is around 2mg per 100g
of dry matter which is very low. Molar ratio of phytate to Fe of
RATIONALE: Protected areas have a role to play in ensuring SDGG\DQGPLGZHWIRQLRLVUHVSHFWLYHO\IRUSDGG\DQG
environmental sustainability and helping at reducing hunger. for mid wet which is above the critical value indicating a poor
Access to natural resources such as bushmeat is limited in absorption of Fe. To achieve adequate Fe bioavailability, molar
protected areas. Yet, bushmeat is a source of food and thus, ratio of phytate to Fe should be ideally decreased to less than
of nutrient for peoples. To help reconciling nutritional and 0.4. Molar ratios of phytate to Zn of fonio paddy, mid wed fonio
conservation needs, it is essential to assess bushmeat intake and DUHUHVSHFWLYHO\IRUSDGG\DQGIRUPLGZHW)HDQG=Q
its contribution to nutritional requirements in protected areas. To molar ratios of phytate are lower than those reported in other
our knowledge, no study has investigated these aspects before. cereals such as sorghum and maize. Cleaning, decortications
OBJECTIVE: To assess bushmeat intake and its contribution and washing of fonio removes iron contamination from soils
to nutritional requirements among a population of a protected and other sources. Phytate content of fonio predict poor Fe and
area. Zn bioavailability and a negative impact of the micronutrient
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four villages were selected status of individuals with fonio-based diets. Appropriate
to represent rural population. In each of the two major seasons, strategies such as food preparation methods could be suitable to
a 7-day nutrition survey was carried out using the weighing improve the bioavailability of Fe and Zn in fonio.
PHWKRGLQVRPHLQGLYLGXDOV$VVHVVPHQWRIVXVWDLQDELOLW\
of harvest was based on data collected during wildlife survey
and a socioeconomic survey. P110-09
RESULTS: $URXQGJRIEXVKPHDWZDVHDWHQGDLO\SHUFDSLWD STUDY ON WILD PLANTS WITH WHITENING
EXWLWZHQWXSWRJLQVRPHYLOODJHV%XVKPHDWFRQWULEXWHG EFFECT AND ITS BIOACTIVE COMPONENTS
WRXSWRDQGWRWKHVDWLVIDFWLRQRIHQHUJ\SURWHLQ Wang, Da Hae1; Na, Chun Soo2; Kim, Jin Byum2; Chung, Ha
and of iron requirements. Harvest was sustainable for most Sook1
species. 1
DukSung Women’s University, Seoul, KOR; 2Life Tree
CONCLUSION: Our results underline the need for a thorough Company, Suwon, KOR
assessment of bushmeat intake and its contribution to the
satisfaction of nutrient requirements within a protected area. From thousands years ago, wild plants have been used for the
This will help ensuring the conservation of wildlife, and well treatment of diseases as a folk medicine in Asia. As a part of
being of people. It is time to reconcile nutrition and conservation RXU RQJRLQJ VWXG\ IRU WKH LGHQWL¿FDWLRQ RI ELRORJLFDO DFWLYLW\
to ensure that restricted access to bushmeat is not a barrier for from natural products, we investigated the whitening effects of
achieving the Millennium Development Goals. ZLOGSODQWV'ULHGLQQHUSDUWVRI%HWXODVFKPLGWLLZHUHH[WUDFWHG
ZLWK  HWK\O DOFRKRO WR JLYH GDUN \HOORZ H[WUDFWV 'ULHG
HWKDQROLFH[WUDFWVZHUHIUDFWLRQDWHGZLWKQKH[DQHFKORURIRUP
ethylacetate and n-butanol, respectively to yield solvent-soluble
IUDFWLRQV (DFK IUDFWLRQ ZDV DVVD\HG IRU WKH F\WRWR[LFLW\
514
DQWLR[LGDQW DQG W\URVLQDVH DFWLYLW\ LQ YLWUR $V D UHVXOW DOO P110-12
IUDFWLRQVVKRZHGQRF\WRWR[LFLW\LQKXPDQQRUPDOPHODQRF\WH MALNUTRITION PREVALENCE IN MADAGASCAR:
FHOOOLQH6.0(/7KHFKORURIRUPDQGHWK\ODFHWDWHVROXEOH “NUTRITIONAL AND SENSORY POTENTIALITIES OF
IUDFWLRQVVKRZHGDQGRILQKLELWLRQRIW\URVLQDVH CULTIVATED YAMS
activity, respectively. It suggests Betula schmidtii might be used Ranaivosoa, Boris
for the natural sources with whitening effects. University of Antananarivo, Antananarivo, MDG

7KH PDOQXWULWLRQ SUHYDOHQFH LV DURXQG  DQG DIIHFWV


P110-10 Malagasy populations. Yams are widely grown in Eastern and
INFLUENCE OF CULTIVATION SYSTEM ON THE Southern region and constitute an important source of calories
VITAMIN C CONTENT OF KIWI for indigenous populations. This study aims at targeting the most
Romero-Rodríguez, Mª Angeles; Vázquez-Odériz, Mª nourishing yam cultivars, accepted by the largest number of
Lourdes; *DUFtD4XLURJD0DUX[DIglesias-Tilve, Alejandra consumers. Two approaches were used in parallel: the chemical
Universidad Santiago de Compostela, Lugo, ESP composition of dry yam (AACC, 2000) and a determination
of relevant sensory properties. Preference tests were realized
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES:7RNQRZQWKHLQÀXHQFHRI in three regions: a producer region, an urban community and
the cultivation system (conventional, organic and integrated) of a rural community. In parallel, a descriptive test was realized
kiwi on the content of vitamin C. with trained panellists. D.esculenta is characterized by higher
MATERIALS & METHODS: Kiwis from the cultivation FRQWHQWV LQ SURWHLQV  JJGE  LQ FDUERK\GUDWHV 
systems were collected in the same production area (NW JJGE  DQG LV OHVV ¿EURXV  JJGE   )RU DOO
Spain). Once collected, they were analyzed throughout the FRQVXPHUV'HVFXOHQWDDQGLQDOHVVHUH[WHQW'DODWDRYLODODLQD
period of commercialization. The determination of vitamin C is obtained the best liking scores. A descriptive test showed these
performed by HPLC. WZRYDULHWLHVGLIIHUHGVLJQL¿FDQWO\DVUHJDUGVWRWKHUHJXODULW\
RESULTS & FINDINGS: The values of vitamin C are of shape and color, the color itself, the intensity of the sweet
EHWZHHQDQGPJJIUHVKZHLJKW:LWKWKHGDWD ÀDYRXUWKHDGKHVLRQDQGWKH¿UPQHVVRIWKHFRRNHGVDPSOHV
obtained, an ANOVA for 2 factors (crop type and storage time) In conclusion, D.esculenta having higher contents in nutritional
with interaction was applied. The content of vitamin C in kiwi component and higher liking scores seems to have the highest
IURPRUJDQLFIDUPLQJLVVLJQL¿FDQWO\KLJKHUWKDQWKHUHVWDQGWKH SRWHQWLDOWR¿JKWDJDLQVWPDOQXWULWLRQSUHYDOHQFH
evolution over time is similar in all three types of kiwi.
CONCLUSION: The organic kiwis have a higher content of
YLWDPLQ&DQGWKHUHIRUHDKLJKHUDQWLR[LGDQWSRZHU P110-13
MINERAL AND HEAVY METAL CONTENT OF
NIGERIAN DISHES
P110-11 Oluseye, Onabanjo
MAJOR NUTRITIONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Abeokuta, Ogun State,
DOMESTIC VEGETABLES IN COMPARISION WITH NGA
THOSE OF IMPORTED VEGETABLES
Mejeenov, Purevjav The purpose of the study was to determine the mineral and
School of Food and Biotechnology at the Mongolian University heavy metal composition of twenty standardized dishes
of Science and Technology, Ulaanbaatar, MGN commonly consumed in Nigeria. Twenty standardized dishes
more frequently consumed were cooked in triplicate and their
This study was conducted to determine the major nutritional major elements (Ca, Mg, Na, K, P), and trace elements (Se,
characteristics of domestic potato and carrot in comparison Mn, Pb, Cd) content were analyzed using atomic absorption
with those of imported potato and carrot and presented by food VSHFWURSKRWRPHWU\E\VWDQGDUGPHWKRGVRIWKH$2$&  
composition data for several Asian countries (neighboring and 'U\ZHLJKWVYDULHGIURP“WR“IUHVK
imported country). And we also investigated how to changed matter. Calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, selenium and
nutritional value by storage. Domestic vegetable samples were SRWDVVLXPFRQWHQWVH[SUHVVHGLQPJJUDQJHGIURP
collected from rural area, while import vegetable samples (potato “WR““WR“
and carrot) from the UB city’s food market. Domestic potato “WR““WR“DQG
and carrot had similar levels of protein and carbohydrate (for “WR“PJJUHVSHFWLYHO\7KHLUVRGLXP
H[DPSOHGRPHVWLFSRWDWR¶VSURWHLQDQG&KLQHVHSRWDWR¶V PDQJDQHVHOHDGDQGFDGPLXPFRQWHQWVZHUHEHWZHHQ“
SURWHLQ   DQG KLJKHU OHYHOV RI IDW GRPHVWLF SRWDWR¶V IDW DQG“PJJ“DQG“
DQG&KLQHVHSRWDWR¶VIDW FRPSDUHGZLWKSRWDWR PJ J  “  DQG  “  DQG  “  DQG
and carrot which were imported from China, respectively.  “  PJ J UHVSHFWLYHO\ 7KHUH ZHUH VWDWLVWLFDOO\
'RPHVWLFFDUURWKDGPXFKKLJKHUOHYHOVRIȕFDURWHQH GRPHVWLF VLJQL¿FDQW S ”   GLIIHUHQFHV LQ WKH PHDQ YDOXHV RI DOO WKH
FDUURW¶VȕFDURWHQHPJDQG&KLQHVHFDUURW¶VȕFDURWHQH parameters determined. Most of these recipes could adequately
PJ WKDQFRPSDUHGVDPSOHV contribute to dietary minerals intake in most of the recipes.
7KH VWXGLHG SDWWHUQV ZHUH VWRUHG IRU  PRQWKV LQ EDVHPHQW
under suitable temperature and humidity. During the P110-14
preservation, all sample’s protein changed no more, rather CULTIVAR DIFFERENCES AND THE EFFECT OF
FDUERK\GUDWH RI WKH GRPHVWLF SRWDWR GHFUHDVHG  WLPHV PROCESSING ON THE NUTRIENT COMPOSITION OF
IDW RI &KLQHVH FDUURW DOVR GHFUHDVHG DERXW  WLPHV$IWHU WKH RICE
VWRUDJH DPRXQW RI ȕFDURWHQH GHFUHDVHG  WLPHV RQ WKH Longvah, T.
all samples. National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, IND
Domestic vegetables, which Mongolians consumed has good
VRXUFHRIPDMRUQXWULHQWHVSHFLDOO\ȕFDURWHQH Rice is cultivated in more than 100 countries around the world
and is a staple for about half the world’s population. Rice
SURYLGHV  GLHWDU\ HQHUJ\ VXSSO\  RI GLHWDU\ SURWHLQ
DQGGLHWDU\IDWEHVLGHVVLJQL¿FDQWDPRXQWRI%±YLWDPLQV
and minerals. In the past generic food composition data was
FRQVLGHUHGVXI¿FLHQWIRUPRVWSXUSRVHVEXWWRGD\WKHLPSRUWDQFH
RI FXOWLYDU VSHFL¿F FRPSRVLWLRQ GDWD LV EHLQJ LQFUHDVLQJO\
recognized specially to combat malnutrition. Therefore this
515
VWXG\ ZDV LQLWLDWHG WR REWDLQ FXOWLYDU VSHFL¿F QXWULHQW GDWD RI with hot water at 900&E\UHÀX[H[WUDFWLRQIRUKU$QGWKDQ
Indian rice that are grown in different ecological zones and $%( ZDV K\GURO\]HG ZLWK HQ]\PH 53* DQG * 7KH
to study the effect of processing on the nutrient composition. RSHUDWLQJFRQGLWLRQVIRUWKH+3/&DQDO\VLVZHUHQRYDSDN&
3UR[LPDWH FRPSRVLWLRQ PLQHUDOV )H =Q &X 0Q 0J &D FROXPQ [PP —P  P0 .+32 7%$ PO S+
3 YLWDPLQV %% DQGSK\WDWHFRQWHQWLQULFHFXOWLYDUV ZLWK+32DVWKHPRELOHSKDVHDWDÀRZUDWHRIP/
FRPSULVLQJ RI  VDPSOHV LQ WKH IRUP RI EURZQ ULFH  PLQ7KH89GHWHFWRUZDVRSHUDWHGDWDZDYHOHQJWKRIQP
SROLVKHGDQG  SROLVKHGULFHZDV VWXGLHG([FHSWPRLVWXUH RESULTS & FINDINGS: HPLC condition is simple, rapid
FRQWHQW DOO WKH QXWULHQW SDUDPHWHUV VWXGLHG VKRZHG VLJQL¿FDQW and sensitive, and it could be applicable for analysis of 4
UHGXFWLRQ GXH WR SROLVKLQJ 7KH PHDQ “ 6' SURWHLQ FRQWHQW nucleosides (cytidine, uridine, guanosine and inosine) and
Q   ZDV“  JJ LQ EURZQ ULFH )DW FRQWHQW 4 mono-nucleotides (CMP, UMP, AMP and GMP) in ABE.
UDQJHGIURPWRJJZLWKDPHDQ“6'RI“ ,QRVLQH DQG F\WLGLQH OHYHOV ZHUH VKRZQ  DQG  PJJ
JJ LQ EURZQ ULFH ZKLFK GHFUHDVHG FRQVLGHUDEO\ WR “ ABE, respectively and these compounds are higher than other
JJ DW  SROLVKLQJ GXH WR WKH UHPRYDO RI WKH EUDQ nucleic acids in ABE. Content of total nucleic acids was found
)DWFRQWHQWLQULFHEUDQUDQJHGIURPWRJJ7KH WREHPJJ$%(
PHDQ “ 6'$VK FRQWHQW LQ EURZQ ULFH ZDV “ JJ CONCLUSIONS: This method was successfully used for
'HFUHDVHLQWKHDVKFRQWHQWGXHWRSROLVKLQJDWDQGOHYHO qualitative and quantitative analysis of nucleic acids in Agaricus
saw a concomitant decrease in all the minerals studied. Mean bisporus.
“ 6' LURQ FRQWHQW ZDV “  PJJ ZLWK  FXOWLYDUV
VKRZLQJKLJKLURQFRQWHQW !±PJJ =LQFFRQWHQW
UDQJHG IURP  WR  PJJ ZLWK  FXOWLYDUV VKRZLQJ P110-17
KLJK]LQFFRQWHQW !PJJ 6LJQL¿FDQWFRUUHODWLRQ FUNCTIONAL PROPERTIES AND NUTRITIONAL
was observed among the macro and micronutrients studied. The PERFORMANCE OF DEFATTED WHEAT GERM AND
data on the amino acid composition and fatty acid composition WHEAT FLOUR BLENDS IN COOKIES
of representative samples of rice is also presented. The results Arshad, Muhammad U.
clearly showed that macro and micronutrient content of rice University of Sargodha, Pakistan, PAK
was clearly different among cultivars providing opportunity to
selectively breed cultivars for higher nutrient content. RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: %OHQGLQJ RI ZKHDW ÀRXU
:)  DQG GHIDWWHG ZKHDW JHUP '):*  DW OHYHOV RI ±
was investigated for the effect of DFWG on nutritional and
P110-15 functional properties of cookies.
SAFETY ASSESSMENT OF SHELL OF PINCTADA MATERIALS & METHODS:$IWHUWKHH[WUDFWLRQRIRLOIURP
MARGARITIFERA AS A FOOD SUPPLEMENT wheat germ DFWG was used in different concentrations to
Chang, Frank; Li, Guangchao; Haws, Maria; Niu, Tianhua SUHSDUHWKHÀRXUEOHQGVIRUIXUWKHUVWXGLHV)ORXUEOHQGVDIWHU
NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, USA analyzing their functional properties were utilized to prepare
cookies which were analyzed for different physico-chemical,
It is reasonable to hypothesize that the calcium carbonate-rich sensory and nutritional parameters by feeding male albino rats.
shell of P. margaritifera (black pearl oyster) may be a source of RESULTS & FINDINGS: The crude protein content of
calcium for human consumption. '):*ZDVDVKLJKDVZLWKKLJKO\YDOXDEOHDPLQRDFLG
We used Inductively Coupled Plasma- Atomic Emission SUR¿OH ULFK LQ HVVHQWLDO DPLQR DFLGV HVSHFLDOO\ O\VLQH 
Spectrometry (ICP-AES) to measure element concentrations in JJ 7KHZDWHUDQGRLODEVRUSWLRQFDSDFLWLHVIRDPLQJDQG
shell of Pinctada margaritifera from Manihi, French Polynesia. HPXOVLI\LQJ SURSHUWLHV RI WKH '):*):) EOHQGV LPSURYHG
:HVHOHFWHGNH\HOHPHQWVLQFOXGLQJKHDY\PHWDOVEDVHGRQ with increased amount of DFWGF in the blends. The physico-
regulatory standards issued by major regulatory agencies. chemical and sensory evaluation of cookies revealed that
We then normalized detected element concentrations and XS WR  VXEVWLWXWLRQ RI ZKHDW ÀRXU ZLWK '):* SURGXFHG
compared to the safety standards for human consumption acceptable cookies. The protein quality of the cookies was
determined by regulatory agencies of UN, EU and the US. assessed through weanling albino rats by feeding a diet of
Element concentrations detected in this study were all lower FRRNLHV IRU  GD\V ZKLFK ZDV IRUPXODWHG WR VXSSO\ 
than the safety standards promulgated by regulatory agencies. protein, with a casein diet as a control. The cookies containing
7KHVH ¿QGLQJV VXJJHVW WKDW VKHOOV RI 3 PDUJDULWLIHUD IURP '):*ZHUHEHVWUHJDUGLQJSURWHLQELRDYDLODELOLW\LQUDWV
Manihi, French Polynesia, potentially represent a natural source 7KH SURWHLQ HI¿FLHQF\ UDWLR QHW SURWHLQ XWLOL]DWLRQ ELRORJLFDO
IRUFDOFLXPIRUWL¿HGIRRGVFDOFLXPVXSSOHPHQWDQGHYHQIRU YDOXH DQG WUXH GLJHVWLELOLW\ GLIIHUHG VLJQL¿FDQWO\ DPRQJ GLHWV
potential osteogenesis applications. FRQWDLQLQJFRRNLHVZLWK±'):*DQGFDVHLQGLHWZKHQ
fed to rats.
CONCLUSIONS: 'LHWVFRQWDLQLQJ'):*KDYHYDOXHV
P110-16 of these parameters, similar to the casein diet.
SIMULTANEOUS DETERMINATION OF
NUCLEIC ACIDS IN AGARICUS BISPORUS
EXTRACTS BY HIGH-PERFORMANCE LIQUID P110-18
CHROMATOGRAPHY VITAMIN PROFILE OF SOME STANDARDIZED
Kim, Myoung-sook; Chang, Min-Sun; Cho, Sun-Duk; Yun, NIGERIAN COMPOSITE DISHES
JeeHye; Hong, Eunyoung; Kim, Gun-Hee Oluseye, Onabanjo
Duksung Women’s University, Seoul, KOR University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Abeokuta, Ogun State,
NGA
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Agaricus bisporus is popular
food source in Korea and it has been reported as a therapeutic Representative samples of Twenty Nigerian dishes were
food, useful in preventing various diseases. These functional analyzed for fat-soluble (A, D, E, and K) and water-soluble
characteristics are mainly due to their chemical composition &DQG%&RPSOH[HV YLWDPLQV7KHIRRGVDQDO\]HGLQFOXGHG
such as nucleic acids. We researched HPLC condition to be those based on cereals, starchy tubers and roots, legumes
developed and validated for simultaneous determination of and vegetables. The results have revealed the following
QXFOHLFDFLGVLQ$JDULFXVELVSRUXVH[WUDFWV $%(  FRQFHQWUDWLRQV PJ J  YLWDPLQ & QRW GHWHFWHG WR 
MATERIALS & METHODS: A method for nucleic acids PJ J WKLDPLQH  ±  PJ J ULERÀDYLQ 
analysis in ABE was developed using HPLC with UV detector. ±  PJ J S\ULGR[LQH QRW GHWHFWHG WR PJ J
7RGHWHUPLQHWKHQXFOHLFDFLGV$JDULFXVELVSRUXVZDVH[WUDFWHG QLDFLQ±PJJSDQWRWKHQLF±PJ
516
JELRWLQQRWGHWHFWHGWRPJJ%±—J GDPDJH LQGXFHG E\ SRO\SKHQROLF H[WUDFWV IURP WRPDWR LQ
JIROLDWH±—JJWRWDOYLWDPLQ$QRWGHWHFWHG Caco-2 cell models by trans Epithelial Electrical Resistance
WR—J5(JYLWDPLQ'QRWGHWHFWHGWR,8 (TEER) evaluation. Our results have shown that the nutritional
JYLWDPLQ(QRWGHWHFWHGWR,8JDQGYLWDPLQ. composition and in particular bioactive compounds content
±—JJ7KHUHVXOWVVXJJHVWWKDWWKHVHGLVKHVDUHJRRG could be affected by agronomic practices, year of cultivation,
sources of fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamins. environmental and pedoclimatic factors. Moreover interesting
results on cell models have demonstrated that tomato bioactive
PROHFXOHVVKRZKLJKFHOOSHUPHDELOLW\DQGDQWLR[LGDQWDFWLYLW\
P110-19 even if at concentrations higher than 17 μM these bioactive
ZINC AND IRON LEVELS OF COMMONLY FRPSRXQGV FRXOG KDYH D SURR[LGDQW HIIHFW DV GHPRQVWUDWHG
CONSUMED FOODS IN IRAN from histological analysis. In this way, we tried to understand
Esmaeili, Mina; Houshiarrad, A.; Abdollahi, M.; Sammaei, A.; DQG WR H[SODLQ WKH UROH RI WRPDWR DV ³IXQFWLRQDO IRRG´ LQ WKH
Shanesaz, M protection of human health.
National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, This work was done within the research project SIMBIOVEG
Tehran, IRN ¿QDQFHG E\ 0,85 ,WDOLDQ 0LQLVWU\ IRU 8QLYHUVLW\ DQG
Research)
,UDQLDQ IRRG FRPSRVLWLRQ WDEOH ZDV SXEOLVKHG LQ  DQG LW
KDVQRWEHHQXSGDWHGWKHUHIRUHHUURUVDUHH[SHFWHGHVSHFLDOO\
for minerals and vitamins. The purpose of this study was to P111-02
PHDVXUH LURQ DQG ˪]LQF FRQWHQWV RI ¿IW\ FRPPRQO\ FRQVXPHG GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOOD- THE PRESENT
IRRG LWHPV LQ ,UDQLDQ GLHW˪ DQG FRPSDULVRQ ZLWK WKH ROG IRRG SITUATION IN POLAND
composition table values. The purpose of this study was to Gasior, Agnieszka1; Skop, Agata1; Marcinkowski, Jerzy2
Rational and objectives: Food composition tables are the most 1
Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, POL;
important tools for accurately estimation of daily nutrient intake 2
Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, POL
in nutritional public health surveys. The estimate iron and zinc
intakes and their major food sources based on chemical analysis In recent years many trials to create common attitude towards
RI¿IW\FRPPRQO\FRQVXPHGIRRGLWHPVLQ,UDQLDQGLHW JHQHWLFDOO\PRGL¿HGIRRGKDYHEHHQXQGHUWDNHQLQ3RODQG7KH
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty key foods in Iranian ODWHVW JRYHUQPHQWDO GRFXPHQW ZDV VWDWHG LQ  7KH QHZ
diet were selected based on National Comprehensive Study on document that is presently being prepared. Government gives
Household Food Consumption Pattern and Nutritional Status, the only possibility of introducing GMO to the environment but
,UDQ+DZWHL]SURFHGXUH  ZDVXVHGWRLGHQWLI\ not to the food.
the key foods. Samples were purchased in local stores in Tehran The skeptical attitude of Polish Government is in agreement
city and iron and zinc were measured by atomic absorption, ZLWK3ROLVKVRFLHW\RSLQLRQDERXWLW7KHH[DPLQDWLRQVRI3ROLVK
after wet ashing. Iron and zinc intakes were estimated based adult people showed negative attitude towards this kind of food.
on mean daily per capita intake of foods in Iranian households. 0RUHWKDQRISHRSOHGHFODUHGWKDWWKH\ZRXOGQHYHUEX\
RESULTS: The averages iron and zinc contents of major foods WKHVHSURGXFWV7KHUHZHUHPRVWO\ZRPHQSHRSOH\HDU
DQGIRRGJURXSVZHUH,UDQLDQÀDWEUHDGV PJJ  old living in cities with medium or high education level.
ULFH  PJJ  /HJXPHV  PJJ  UHG The common lack of acceptance is caused mainly by the
PHDW  PJJ  FKLFNHQ PJJ  ¿VK worries about own health, the health of future generations and
PJJ IUXLWV PJJ DQGYHJHWDEOHV about the condition of natural environment. The light point for
PJJ  UHVSHFWLYHO\ &RPSDULVRQ ZLWK ROG YDOXHV Poland is the fact that less chemicals are used in agriculture than
RILURQFRQWHQWRIIRRGVVKRZHGDQGPJJ in other Western European countries and it is advantageous for
GLIIHUHQFH IRU ÀDW EUHDGV ULFH PHDW IUXLWV DQG YHJHWDEOHV traditional food production system. The products with quality
respectively. Mean daily per capita intakes of iron and zinc FHUWL¿FDWHVKDYHWKHFKDQFHIRUVWURQJSRVLWLRQLQIRRGPDUNHW
EDVHGRQUHFHQWGDWDZHUHPJGDQGPJGUHVSHFWLYHO\ It may help the family agriculture business to survive in the
CONCLUSION: We can conclude that the effect of changes situation of global competition.
in the Iranian food composition data in assessing estimates of
iron intake, especially from breads as a major source of iron
was marked. This change has important implications for the P112: Right to Food and Adequate Nutrition I
¿IWKGHYHORSPHQWSURJUDPRI,UDQLDQIRRGDQGQXWULWLRQSROLF\

P112-01
P111: Agriculture & Food Systems: Others UNDERNUTRITION: A CONSEQUENCE OF
DECISIONS BY UN ORGANISATIONS?
Barikmo, Ingrid; Oshaug, Arne
P111-01 Akershus University College, Lillestrøm, NOR
INFLUENCE OF DIFFERENT CROP MANAGEMENT
PRACTICES (ORGANIC vs. CONVENTIONAL) ON RATIONALE: Refugees from have lived in refugee camps in
THE NUTRITIONAL PROPERTIES AND BENEFITS OF 6RXWKZHVWHUQ$OJHULDIRUPRUHWKDQ\HDUV7KH\DUHWRWDOO\
TOMATO GHSHQGHG RQ IRRG DLG )URP  81+&5:)3 UHGXFHG WKH
Azzini, Elena; Durazzo, Alessandra; Foddai, Maria Stella; EHQH¿FLDULHV UHFHLYLQJ IRRG DLG IURP  WR  DQG
Nobili, Fabio; Maiani, Giuseppe EDFN WR  UHIXJHHV LQ 7KH REMHFWLYH RI WKLV VWXG\
National Insitute for Research on Food and Nutrition, Rome, was to assess the nutrition status of children and women in
ITA reproductive age.
METHODS: ,Q0DUFKDFURVVVHFWLRQDOQXWULWLRQVXUYH\
Tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum) has been indicated as an ZDV H[HFXWHG DPRQJ  UDQGRPO\ VHOHFWHG UHIXJHH ZRPHQ
important functional food for its possible role in the prevention DJHG\HDUVDQGFKLOGUHQ\HDUV+HLJKWDQGZHLJKW
RI FKURQLF GLVHDVHV DQG VR IRU LWV EHQH¿FLDO HIIHFWV RQ KXPDQ hemoglobin level and individual food intake was measured.
KHDOWK7KHDLPRIWKLVVWXG\ZDVWRHYDOXDWHWKHLQÀXHQFHRI RESULTS: In children, prevalence of global acute malnutrition
different crop management practices (organic vs. conventional) ZDV  VWXQWLQJ  DQG DQHPLD  ,Q QRQSUHJQDQW
RQ WKH QXWULWLRQDO SURSHUWLHV DQG EHQH¿WV RI WRPDWR GXULQJ ZRPHQSUHYDOHQFHRIDQHPLDZDVDQGLQSUHJQDQW
WZR\HDUVRIFXOWLYDWLRQ:HKDYHLQYHVWLJDWHG DQWLR[LGDQW 2IWKHFKLOGUHQDWHIURP”RIIRRGJURXSVDQGRI
properties and bioactive molecules levels 2) the cellular WKHZRPHQDWHIURP”
517
CONCLUSION: Undernutrition was rife among the women achieving the right to food.
DQG FKLOGUHQ EH\RQG H[SHFWDWLRQV 6LQFH LW ZDV ZRUVH WKDQ CONCLUSION: The lack of effective and sustainable
earlier studies have shown one cannot rule out that this is implementation of land reform and lack of support for emerging
a consequence of the reduced rations. One must ask if this and established farmers might in future impact negatively on
LV DQ H[DPSOH RI IRRG XVHG DV SUHVVXUH DJDLQVW D GHIHQVHOHVV agricultural production and food security. Follow-up research
population by UN organizations. should investigate the effect of land reform on rural livelihoods
and nutrition security, applying a rights-based approach.

P112-02
AUSTRALIAN COMMUNITY FOOD SECURITY: GAPS P112-04
IN SURVEILLANCE AND MONITORING FOOD POVERTY AND FOOD INSECURITY IN SUMBA
Gallegos, Danielle1; Hammond, Melinda2; Marshall, ISLAND, EAST NUSATENGGARA PROVINCE,
Elizabeth; Martin, Caroline2; Savage, Bernadette4; Skehan, INDONESIA
Rhonda; Sorbello, Christine Pangaribuan, Rosnani V.1; Rosalina, Tina2
1
4XHHQVODQG8QLYHUVLW\RI7HFKQRORJ\4XHHQVODQG$86 1
Seameo-Tropmed, RCCN, Jakarta, IDN; 2EPOS, Kupang,
2
4XHHQVODQG+HDOWK0DURRFK\GRUH$864XHHQVODQG NTT, IDN
Health, Nundah, AUS; 44XHHQVODQG8QLYHUVLW\RI7HFKQRORJ\
Kelvin Grove, AUS; 4XHHQVODQG+HDOWK*\PSLH$86 BACKGOUND: Food insecurity and poor nutritional status

4XHHQVODQG+HDOWK%XQGDEHUJ$86 are almost inevitable the result of poverty. The objective of the
VWXG\ZDVWRH[DPLQHZKHWKHUWKHUHVXOWDQWIRRGSRYHUW\VWDWXV
RATIONALE: Prevalence of food insecurity in is between of mothers demonstrated the nutrition status of their and their
 DQG  GHSHQGLQJ RQ WKH PHWKRGRORJ\ XVHG DQG WKH children as well as their household food security status.
vulnerability of the targeted population. Effectively addressing METHODS: A cross sectional in design in two districts in
food insecurity requires assessment at the local level. This East Nusa Tenggara province namely West and East Sumba
paper describes the gaps in monitoring and surveillance while GLVWULFWV ZKLFK FRYHUHG D WRWDO RI  YLOODJHV$VVHVVPHQW RI
undertaking community food security (CFS) assessments in food poverty line, food intake of mothers and children by using
4XHHQVODQG$XVWUDOLD PRGL¿HGKRXUUHFDOOHQHUJ\LQWDNHKRXVHKROGIRRGVHFXULW\
MATERIALS AND METHOD: CFS assessments were and nutritional status of mothers and children were done in this
undertaken by nutritionists in three local areas in southeast study.
4XHHQVODQG 7KH GDWD FROOHFWLRQ ZDV EDVHG RQ WKH 8QLWHG RESULTS: The majority of the mothers were in the food
States CFS toolkit. This relies on analyzing a combination of SRRU JURXSV HLWKHU LQ WKH PRGHUDWHO\   RU VHYHUHO\ SRRU
QDWLRQDOVWDWHGDWDDQGORFDOO\FROOHFWHGGDWDUHODWLQJWRVRFLR JURXSV  7KH PHDQ IRRG H[SHQGLWXUHHTXLYDOHQF\ZDV
demographics, food availability and accessibility. VLJQL¿FDQWO\ORZHUEHWZHHQVHYHUHO\SRRUJURXSWRPRGHUDWHO\
RESULTS: Data from national and state sources were limited poor group and non-poor group. Ninety percent of households
IRUXVHZLWKLQWKHORFDOFRQWH[W*DSVLQFOXGHGKRXVHKROGIRRG in both districts were food insecure with hunger. The prevalence
security, food costs, food outlets, food production, land use and RI XQGHUZHLJKW PRWKHU ZDV  LQ (DVW 6XPED DQG 
KRXVHKROG IRRG H[SHQGLWXUH /RFDO GDWD FROOHFWLRQ RFFXUUHG in West Sumba. The prevalence of stunting and underweight
where feasible although this was challenging in some areas due cases among preschoolers was very high in both districts. Data
to systemic constraints. revealed the serious condition in that particular area.
CONCLUSION: Work remains to be done in developing
intersectoral collection and sharing of data to ensure effective
use of resources. Without the ability to comprehensively map P112-05
food security at the local level, there will be little evidence to MANAGEMENT OF FOOD INSECURITY AMONG
support policy and program development that can bring about ELDERLY IN URBAN POOR FAMILY IN THAILAND
change. Piaseu, Noppawan; Komindr, Surat
Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Bangkok, THA

P112-03 Food insecurity is recognized as an increasing problem


LAND REFORM IN SOUTH AFRICA: MOVING worldwide. In, food insecurity is prevalent and has been
TOWARDS THE RIGHT TO ADEQUATE FOOD FOR discussed as a public health concern in relation to social and
ALL? economic transitions. Until now data concerning food insecurity
Lemke, Stefanie1; Jansen van Rensburg, Fanie2; Heumann, in Thai elderly has been scarce. The body of knowledge on food
Nicole insecurity among Thai elderly particularly in urban population
1
University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, DEU; 2University of is still small.
Pretoria, Potchefstroom, ZAF; Justus-Liebig University The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand how
Giessen, Giessen, DEU elderly in urban poor family deal with food insecurity. In depth
LQWHUYLHZV ZHUH FRQGXFWHG DPRQJ  7KDL ROGHU DGXOWV DJHG
OBJECTIVES: Half of the South African population does \HDUVDQGRYHUZKROLYHGLQXUEDQSRRUIDPLO\LQ%DQJNRN
QRWKDYHDFFHVVWRDGHTXDWHIRRGGXHWRH[WUHPHLQFRPHDQG (DFKLQWHUYLHZODVWHGDSSUR[LPDWHO\RQHKRXU&RQWHQWDQDO\VLV
structural inequality. We investigate the impact of land reform revealed that the elderly used self management including four
on farm workers’ livelihoods and their access to food. themes: managing food, managing health, managing work,
METHODS: 5HVHDUFKZDVFDUULHGRXWIURPWRRQ managing family life and payment. The results suggest a need
four commercial farms, Province, investigating the micro-, IRUZHOIDUHUHIRUPWRPHHWVXI¿FLHQWVRFLDODVVLVWDQFH
PHVRDQGPDFUROHYHO)DUPRZQHUVIDUPZRUNHUVH[SHUWVRQ
land reform and key informants were interviewed.
FINDINGS: Legislation aimed at shifting unequal power P112-06
relations on farms resulted in farm workers having even fewer FOOD INSECURITY AND FAMILY FOOD DECISION
UHVRXUFHVWKDQEHIRUH6XEVLVWHQFHIDUPLQJKDUGO\H[LVWVLQWKLV MAKING
region and food prices steadily increased over the past years. 4XHUXELQ0LODJURV3
Due to a lack of alternative structures f arm owners represent the 8QLYHUVLW\RIWKH3KLOLSSLQHV4XH]RQ&LW\3+/
only social security for farm workers, besides family networks.
)DUPZRUNHUVYHU\VHOGRPEHQH¿WIURPODQGUHIRUPDQGUHPDLQ OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study is to increase the
vulnerable and dependent, moving even further away from understanding of the role of food insecurity in family food
518
decision-making. DQG7HPXDQ  7KHPHDQDJHVRIUHVSRQGHQWVZHUH“
METHODS: 7KURXJK HWKQRJUDSKLF LQWHUYLHZV  XUEDQ  \HDUV:HLJKW KHLJKW ZDLVW FLUFXPIHUHQFH DQG VNLQIROG
DQG  UXUDO SRRU IDPLOLHV UHSUHVHQWLQJ WKH GLYHUVH OLYLQJ thickness were measured using standard instruments.
FRQGLWLRQVRI)LOLSLQRIDPLOLHVVKDUHGWKHLUGDLO\H[SHULHQFHVRI RESULTS: $FFRUGLQJ WR %RG\ 0DVV ,QGH[  RI
food insecurity. Selection parameters included families with UHVSRQGHQWV ZHUH QRUPDO  XQGHUZHLJKW  ZHUH
irregular source of income and having dependent children. overweight or obese. More females were overweight and obese
RESULTS: There are two types of food management strategies   DV FRPSDUHG WR PHQ   $ERXW  PDOHV
RIIRRGLQVHFXUHIDPLOLHV±DQWLFLSDWRU\VWUDWHJLHVLQSUHSDUDWLRQ •FP  DQG  •FP  RI IHPDOHV UHYHDOHG DEGRPLQDO
for a food crisis and coping actions in response to actual REHVLW\ UHVSHFWLYHO\ %RG\ IDW SHUFHQWDJH UHYHDOHG  •
food crisis. Anticipatory strategies such as accumulation of  DQG • RIPHQDQGZRPHQZHUHDWULVNIRU
VWRFNV LQFRPH GLYHUVL¿FDWLRQ DQG LQWHUKRXVHKROG WUDQVIHU diseases associated with obesity. Mean blood pressure systolic
are undertaken to preserve the household’s long-term income ZDV “PP+J DQG GLDVWROLF ZDV “ PP+J
generating capacity rather than avoid hunger. Coping actions ZLWK  V\DWROLF •PP+J  RI WKHP KDG KLJK EORRG
include dietary changes, rationing strategies, altering family pressure.
composition, and disposal of assets through mortgage or sale. CONCLUSION: This research indicated that indigenous
CONCLUSION: Families do not respond arbitrarily to food people are at risk of non-communicable diseases. Thus,
LQVHFXULW\EXWKDYHGHYHORSHGVWUDWHJLHVWRFRSHZLWKÀXFWXDWLRQV multivariate analysis will be carried out to determine the
of food supply. Families cope differently depending on their relationship between nutritional status and dietary diversity.
H[LVWLQJDVVHWVDQGWKHLUDFFHVVWRHQWLWOHPHQWV

P112-09
P112-07 DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF FOOD
DOES MIGRATION IMPACT ON BREASTFEEDING SECURITY MEASURE IN SOUTH KOREA
BELIEFS AND PRACTICES AMONGST AFRICAN Kim, Mi Kyung; Kim, Kirang
WOMEN IN AUSTRALIA Hanyang University, Seoul, KOR
McKenzie-Lewis, Fiona1; Trent, Kelly1; Streiner, Samantha2;
Payne, Jan E.2; Gallegos, Danielle2 OBJECTIVE: 7KLV VWXG\ DLPV WR GHYHORS DQ LQGH[ RI IRRG
1
4OG+HDOWK(LJKW0LOH3ODLQV4OG$862487.HOYLQ*URYH security in order to assess food security status in Korea and to
4/'$86 HYDOXDWHUHOLDELOLW\DQGYDOLGLW\RIWKHLQGH[
METHODS: 7KHLQGH[RIIRRGVHFXULW\ZDVGHYHORSHGEDVHG
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Cultural beliefs and on the US Household Food Security Survey Module (US-HFSS).
SUDFWLFHVDUHNQRZQWRLQÀXHQFHDPRWKHU¶VGHFLVLRQUHJDUGLQJ After the US-HFSS was translated and back-translated, it was
breastfeeding. Few studies however, have investigated the HYDOXDWHG DQG PRGL¿HG E\ D IRFXV LQWHUYLHZ IRU H[SHUWV7KH
impact of migration of current African diasporas on infant developed the Korean Household Food Security Survey Module
IHHGLQJ 7KLV SDSHU H[SORUHV WKH IDFWRUV WKDW LQÀXHQFH WKH (K-HFSS) was tested by cognitive interviews and a pretest test
breastfeeding decisions and practices of these African women. for general community population to assess its application for
MATERIALS & METHODS: Semi-structured interviews Korean population. For the reliability and validity of K-HFSS,
and focus groups were undertaken with thirty-nine Sudanese, WKHVXUYH\ZDVFRQGXFWHGZLWKUHVLGHQWVLQUXUDOFRPPXQLW\
Congolese, Burundian, Ethiopian, Sierra Leonean and Liberian and 212 residents in urban community. The reliability was
women living in Brisbane, Australia. Breastfeeding beliefs, assessed by Crohnbach’s alpha and the validity was evaluated
practices and perceived differences in Africa and Australia by content validity, construct validity, and criterion-related
ZHUHH[SORUHG7KHTXDOLWDWLYHGDWDFROOHFWHGZHUHDQDO\]HGIRU validity.
convergent themes. RESULTS: The questionnaire items of K-HFSS were
RESULTS & FINDINGS: All women reported initiating SDUWO\ PRGL¿HG DFFRXQWLQJ IRU .RUHDQ VRFLDO DQG FXOWXUH
breastfeeding, although duration ranged from two to 24 background and adapted by general community population.
months. Women tended to report less favorable breastfeeding The reliability was relatively high, showing Cronbach’s alpha
beliefs, practices and support upon migration to Australia. FRHI¿FLHQWV UDQJHG IURP  IRU UXUDO UHVLGHQWV  WR  IRU
Acculturation was a global theme throughout the study with urban residents). The content and construct validity were all
¿YH FHQWUDO WKHPHV LGHQWL¿HG DV LPSDFWLQJ RQ EUHDVWIHHGLQJ acceptable. The result of criterion-related validity showed that
SUDFWLFHV  FXOWXUDOEHOLHIV  FXOWXUDOSUDFWLFHV  VWLJPD IRRGVHFXULW\VWDWXVZDVVLJQL¿FDQWO\UHODWHGWRWKHKRXVHKROG
DQGVKDPHDERXWEUHDVWIHHGLQJLQSXEOLF  ¿QDQFLDOFDSDFLW\ income level.
DQG  EUHDVWIHHGLQJVXSSRUW CONCLUSIONS: The K-HFSS was a reliable and valid
CONCLUSION: 'HYHORSPHQWRIFXOWXUDOO\VSHFL¿FVWUDWHJLHV instrument to assess food security status in Korean population.
and appropriate public policy for constructing cultural norms
supporting breastfeeding in Australia is needed to safeguard
the right of migrant populations to continue health promoting P112-10
breastfeeding practices. MOTHERS’ RIGHT TO FOOD AND BREASTFEEDING
CHALLENGES: CASE OF RURAL KENYA
Muthoka, Stellamaris K
P112-08 Egerton University, Njoro, KEN
NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLE
(ORANG ASLI) IN KRAU WILDLIFE RESERVE, %$&.*5281' 2%-(&7,9(6 %UHDVW PLON LV ¿UVW FKLOG
PAHANG, MALAYSIA food and breastfeeding child’s right. Mothers are the primary
Karppaya, Haemamalar1; Mohd Shariff, Zalilah2 GXW\EHDUHUVWRWKHLULQIDQWV([FOXVLYHEUHDVWIHHGLQJSUDFWLFHLQ
1
Universiti Putra Malaysia, Kuala Kubu Bharu, Selangor, Kenya and other parts of the world still remains at sub optimal
MYS; 2Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, MYS levels. The study investigated how mother’s realization of right
WRIRRGLQÀXHQFHVEUHDVWIHHGLQJ
OBJECTIVE: This was a cross-sectional study on the
QXWULWLRQDOVWDWXVRI2UDQJ$VOLDGXOWV •\HDUVROG LQ.UDX METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional survey conducted
Wildlife Reserve. DPRQJUXUDOIDUPLQJDQGSDVWRUDOZRPHQ3URSRUWLRQDWHDQG
METHOD: Two hundred households were purposively systematic sampling used to select households. Data collected
VHOHFWHGFRPSURPLVHPHQDQGZRPHQ-DKXW   using semi-structure household and rights questionnaires and
ZDVWKHPDLQHWKQLFJURXSDVFRPSDUHGRI&KH:RQJ   focus group discussions.
519
RESULTS: 0RWKHU¶V ULJKW WR IRRG LQÀXHQFHG E\ PDULWDO of the right to food and its content. There is need to promote
status, livelihood source, access to resources and cultural civic education and human rights based approach to food and
IRRG SUDFWLFHV  ZHUH IRRG LQVHFXUH )DUPLQJ PRWKHUV nutrition planning.
ZHUH VLJQL¿FDQWO\ EHWWHU S  LQ DFFHVV WR IRRG HTXLWDEOH
food distribution, owning property and not relying on male
VSRXVHV IRU IRRG SURYLVLRQ  GLG QRW SHUFHLYH H[FOXVLYH P112-14
EUHDVWIHHGLQJXSWRVL[PRQWKVDULJKW PERCEPTION OF RIGHT TO ADEQUATE FOOD
CONCLUSIONS: Meeting maternal rights to food, work, AMONG RURAL HOUSEHOLDS IN KENYA
health and education are crucial in effective breastfeeding and Muthoka, Stellamaris K.
maternal Egerton University, Njoro, KEN

RATIONALE/OBJECTIVE: Increased poverty, malnutrition


P112-12 and hunger depict violation of human rights and denial of basic
FOOD INSECURITY IN FAMILIES WITH CHILDREN entitlements. Recent studies on rights to food focused on the
BELONG 5 YEARS. BRASILIA, FEDERAL DISTRICT, FRQWH[WRIQDWLRQDOIRRGVHFXULW\6WXG\LQYHVWLJDWHGSHUFHSWLRQ
BRAZIL RIKXPDQULJKWVULJKWWRIRRGLQWKHFXOWXUDOFRQWH[WDQGGXW\
Gubert, Muriel B. bearers and claimants of right to food at household level.
Catholic University of Brasilia, Taguatinga - DF, BRA METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among
249 rural households. Multi-stage, proportionate and systematic
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: The impact of food random sampling used to select households. Data collected
insecurity on families with children is an important research using structured household questionnaire, Leikert rating scale
issue. However, at this point research is only beginning to and focus group discussions.
evaluate community-level determinants of food insecurity: RESULTS: Both study groups had fair knowledge on human
The objective of this study was to identify the prevalence of ULJKWV DQG SHUFHSWLRQ RI ULJKW WR IRRG 7KHUH ZHUH VLJQL¿FDQW
KRXVHKROGIRRGVHFXULW\LQIDPLOLHVZLWKFKLOGUHQDQGH[DPLQH GLIIHUHQFHV SS LQFXOWXUDOSHUFHSWLRQVWRULJKWWR
its association with the social, demographic and economic IRRG3HUFHSWLRQRIULJKWWRIRRGZDVLQÀXHQFHGE\UHVSRQGHQW
SUR¿OHRIWKHVHIDPLOLHV characteristics and realization of other rights. The State and
MATERIALS & METHODS: A cross-sectional study Men perceived to be main duty bearers.
FRPSULVLQJ  IDPLOLHV ZDV SHUIRUPHG DW QDWLRQDO CONCLUSION: 3HUFHSWLRQV RI ULJKW WR IRRG LQÀXHQFHG E\
Immunization Day, at Federal District, Brazil. A questionnaire culture and realization of other rights.
was used to assess the socio-demographic characteristics
together with the Brazilian Food Insecurity Scale. The
prevalence were calculated and the association between the P112-15
VWXGLHGYDULDEOHVZDVYHUL¿HGE\WKHFKLVTXDUHWHVW HOMELESS CHILDREN OF DELHI, INDIA-DON’T
RESULTS & FINDINGS: The prevalence of food insecurity THEY HAVE A CLAIM TO FOOD AND NUTRITION
ZDVIRUVHYHUHIRUPRGHUDWHDQGIRUPLOG)RRG SECURITY?
VHFXULW\ ZDV IRXQG LQ  RI WKH IDPLOLHV7KH VLWXDWLRQ RI Singh, Kalyani R.; Sharma, Sushma
food insecurity was worse when the supporters of the families Delhi University, New Delhi, IND
ZHUHZRPHQRUKDGORZHGXFDWLRQDOOHYHO,QVXI¿FLHQWPRQH\
to buy food was the main reason reported for the food insecurity RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Every child has a right
status. to food and nutrition security including homeless children. The
CONCLUSION: The prevalence of food insecurity was high. aim of this study was to assess their food and nutrition security
The methodology used proved to be an important assessment in India for recommendation of suitable policy decisions.
tool of food security status and useful to monitor public policies MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study
and social programs of the Federal Government. was undertaken among 1000 runaway and homeless children
ER\VDQGJLUOV DJHG±\HDUV6RFLRGHPRJUDSKLF
SUR¿OHDFFHVVWRIRRGDQGGLHWDU\SDWWHUQZDVREWDLQHGXVLQJ
P112-13 interviews. Vitamin A status by dark adaptometry, hemoglobin
THE RIGHT TO FOOD IN VULNERABILITY: ROLES by cyanmethemoglobin method, diet-related information by 24-
AND CAPACITY OF UGANDA’S STATE ACTORS hour recall method was assessed.
Arne, Oshaug1; Kikafunda, Joyce K.2, Rukundo, Peter M. ; RESULTS AND FINDINGS: *LUOVROGHU FKLOGUHQ KDG PRUH
Arne, Oshaug GLI¿FXOW\WKDQER\V\RXQJHUFKLOGUHQIRUDFFHVVLQJIRRG(QHUJ\
1
Kyambogo University, Kampala, UGA; 2Makerere University, and protein intake could not be met by any of the subjects.
Kampala, Uganda, UGA; Akershus University College, 6WXQWLQJ   XQGHUZHLJKW   DQHPLD DQG YLWDPLQ$
Lillestrøm, Norway, UGA GH¿FLHQF\ZHUHVHHQDPRQJWKHVXEMHFWV
CONCLUSION: The meal delivery programs targeting school
RATIONALE: The right to food recognized under international FKLOGUHQVKRXOGEHH[SDQGHGWRLQFOXGHKRPHOHVVFKLOGUHQDOVR
law provides a foundation for freedom from hunger. This study
assessed roles and capacity of State actors in realizing the right
to adequate food.
METHODS: Purposive sampling and structured interviews P112-16
applied to duty bearers selected from 11 Ugandan districts, FOOD AVAILABILITY, CONSUMPTION,
while focus group discussions were held with rights holders HUNGER AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF POOR
LGHQWL¿HGXVLQJNH\LQIRUPDQWV5HOHYDQWSROLFLHVEXGJHWVDQG HOUSEHOLDS DURING FOOD SHORTAGE
legislation were reviewed. Catur Adi, Annis
RESULTS: 2QO\  GXW\ EHDUHUV KDG NQRZOHGJH RI WKH Airlangga University, Surabaya, East Java, IDN
GH¿QLWLRQ RI WKH KXPDQ ULJKW WR IRRG *&   DQG WKH 5LJKW
to Food Guidelines; documents elaborating this right. Although Malnutrition becomes a serious problem in Indonesia after
WKLV ULJKW LV H[SUHVVO\ UHFRJQL]HG LQ WKH 8JDQGD )RRG DQG economic crisis and disasters which reduce food production in
Nutrition Policy, supportive legislation are lacking while community level and food availability in household level. The
UHOHYDQW LQVWLWXWLRQDO IUDPHZRUNV KDYH OLPLWHG ¿QDQFLDO research was aimed to analyze food availability, consumption,
capacity. hunger status, and nutritional status of vulnerable groups in
CONCLUSION: $OWKRXJK 8JDQGD UDWL¿HG LQWHUQDWLRQDO poor households during food shortage. This observational
agreements pledging to end hunger, legislation and budget DQDO\WLF UHVHDUFK ZDV GRQH LQ .HGLUL (DVW-DYD LQYROYLQJ 
investments are inadequate partly due to limited awareness
520
poor households. HQHUJ\EXW6)$LQWDNHZDV &, IRRG
+RXVHKROGIRRGH[SHQGLWXUHZDVPRUHWKDQRIWKHLQFRPH energy, which was also higher than the recommended level of
The availability of staple food (tuber and maize) was still enough, IRRGHQHUJ\'HVSLWHFOHDUVRFLRHFRQRPLFJUDGLHQWVLQWKH
yet rice and animal source protein was decreased. Carbohydrate consumption of many ‘healthy’ and ‘unhealthy’ foods, socio-
source food in rural poor households more varied compared HFRQRPLFGLIIHUHQFHLQ10(6DVIRRGHQHUJ\ZHUHOLPLWHG
to the urban. The main protein source food was soybean and and there were no socio-economic differences in the intake of
egg, and main fat source was coconut. Food frequency was WRWDOIDWRU6)$DVIRRGHQHUJ\&DOFXODWLRQVRIWKHLPSDFW
GHFUHDVHGLQWRWLPHVGDLO\ZLWKRQO\FRQVXPHVWDSOH of removing sugar-sweetened soft drinks and increasing fruit
IRRGDQGYHJHWDEOHV7KHHQHUJ\LQWDNHRIKRXVHKROGVZDV DQGYHJHWDEOHLQWDNHE\VKRZHGWKDWWKHVHFKDQJHVZRXOG
VHYHUHGH¿FLHQW KXQJHU DQGPLOG3(0SUHYDOHQFHRIFKLOGUHQ not restore the intake of NMES or SFA to recommended levels:
XQGHU¿YHZDVLQFUHDVH further changes in intake of other foods will also be needed.
Market intervention and local food supplementary was
essentials in the peak of food shortage
P113-03
A COMPARISON OF NUTRIENT DENSITY SCORES
3 1XWULWLRQDO %HQH¿W5LVN $VVHVVPHQW RI )RRGV  DQG FOR DARK GREEN VEGETABLES: A CALL FOR
Food Consumption Patterns I INTER- AND INTRA-GROUP VARIETY WHEN
RECOMMENDING VEGETABLE INTAKE
Zanovec, Michael1; O’Neil, Carol1; Nicklas, Theresa2
P113-01 1
Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA;
2
THE PREVALENCE OF HEAVY DRINKING AMONG %D\ORU&ROOHJHRI0HGLFLQH+RXVWRQ7;86$
ADULTS IN CHINA
Ma, Guansheng1; Du, Songming1; Hao, Linan1; Li, Yanping1; RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this
+X;LDRTL1; <DQJ;LDRJXDQJ1; Kong Lingzhi2 study was to compare inter- and intra-group nutrient density
1
National Institute for Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese (ND) scores of dark green vegetables based on type and
Center for Disease Control and Prvention, Bejing, CHN; 2The preparation.
Ministry of Health, Beijing, CHN MATERIALS AND METHODS: ND scores of bok choy,
broccoli, dark green leafy lettuce, spinach, watercress, and
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence three types of greens (collard, kale, and mustard) were
of heavy drinking among adults in China, and provide basis for FDOFXODWHG XVLQJ  PHWKRGV 1XWULHQW SUR¿OHV J RI IRRG
the development of intervention strategy. were calculated for each vegetable for different preparations.
MATERIAL AND METHODS:'DWDRIVXEMHFWVDJHG Nutrient analyses were from the Nutrition Data System. ND
 \HDUV DQG RYHU IURP  &KLQD 1DWLRQDO 1XWULWLRQ DQG scores were calculated using: 1) Naturally Nutrient Rich, 2)
Health Survey were used to estimate the prevalence of heavy &DORULH IRU QXWULHQW   5DWLR RI 5HFRPPHQGHG WR 5HVWULFWHG
drinking. nutrient, 4) Fulgoni nutrient for calorie, and two ad hoc nutrient
RESULTS: The overall heavy drinking rate of adults in China IRUFDORULH   PHWKRGV
ZDV   IRU PDOH DQG  IRU IHPDOH UHVSHFWLYHO\ RESULTS: Inter-group comparisons between vegetables were
7KHSURSRUWLRQRIKHDY\GULQNHUVLQXUEDQUHVLGHQWVZDV EDVHG RQ WKH PHDQ 1' VFRUHV IRU HDFK RI WKH VL[ PHWKRGV
ZKLFK ZDV ORZHU WKDQ WKDW LQ WKHLU UXUDO FRXQWHUSDUWV   whereas intra-group differences were based on the ND scores
7KHWR\HDUVDJHJURXSUHDFKHGWKHKLJKHVW2IWKRVHZKR E\ SUHSDUDWLRQ &RRNHG NDOH UDQNHG KLJKHVW ZLWK   DQG 
GUDQNZHUHKHDY\GULQNHUV IRUPDOHIRU Watercress ranked highest with methods 2 and 4. Turnip greens
IHPDOHDQGWKHWR\HDUVDJHJURXSUHDFKHGWKHKLJKHVW  UDQNHGKLJKHVWXVLQJPHWKRG%URFFROLDQGOHWWXFHFRQVLVWHQWO\
7KHKHDY\GULQNLQJUDWHRIDOFRKROFRQVXPHUVZDVIRU ranked lowest among the vegetables regardless of preparation.
XUEDQDQGIRUUXUDOUHVSHFWLYHO\ Greens cooked from frozen had a higher ND score with method
CONCLUSION: Heavy drinking is common among alcohol  DQG  DQG D ORZHU 1' VFRUH ZLWK WKH RWKHU PHWKRGV ZKHQ
consumers in China, especially young and middle-aged adults cooked from fresh.
in rural areas. Health education program should be developed CONCLUSION:  5HVXOWV LOOXVWUDWH WKH FRPSOH[LW\ RI
and conducted. calculating ND scores and highlight the need to consider inter-
and intra-group differences when recommending vegetable
intake.
P113-02
SUGAR AND FAT INTAKE IN CHILDREN IN
SCOTLAND: WHAT IS NEEDED TO REACH THE P113-04
DIETARY TARGETS? DUTCH NATIONAL FOOD CONSUMPTION SURVEY-
McNeill, Geraldine1; Macdiarmid, Jennie I.2; Craig, Leone C.1; YOUNG CHILDREN 2005/2006
Masson, Lindsey F.1 Van Rossum, Caroline T.; De Boer, Evelien J.; Ocke, Marga C.
1
University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, GBR; 2Rowett Institute of RIVM, Bilthoven, NLD
Nutrition and Health, Aberdeen, GBR
OBJECTIVE: Which proportion of Dutch young children
$ VXUYH\ RI  FKLOGUHQ DFURVV 6FRWODQG DJHG \ ZDV DGKHUHVWRWKHUHFRPPHQGDWLRQVRIDKHDOWK\GLHW"
FDUULHG RXW LQ  WR DVVHVV ZKHWKHU WKH LQWDNH RI QRQPLON METHODS: A Dutch National Food Consumption Survey
H[WULQVLF VXJDUV 10(6  WRWDO IDW DQG VDWXUDWHG IDWW\ DFLGV ZDV FRQGXFWHG LQ  'LHWDU\ UHFRUGV RI WZR QRQ
(SFA) met current recommendations for health. Dietary consecutive days using pre-structured diaries were obtained for
intake of NMES, total fat and SFA was estimated using a food FKLOGUHQ \UV 7UDLQHGGLHWLFLDQVHQWHUHGWKHGDWDLQWR
frequency questionnaire which showed good agreement with EPIC-Soft software. Habitual dietary intake was assessed using
4-day diet diaries for the same nutrients in a sub-sample of the statistical modeling.
study population. Socio-economic status was assessed using RESULTS: About one in 10 children met the recommended
WKH6FRWWLVK,QGH[RI0XOWLSOH'HSULYDWLRQEDVHGRQSRVWFRGH vegetable consumption and one in four the recommendation
location and population census data. The mean intake of NMES IRU IUXLW )XUWKHUPRUH RQO\  RI WKH FKLOGUHQ PHW WKH
ZDV &, RIIRRGHQHUJ\FRQVLGHUDEO\ UHFRPPHQGDWLRQIRU¿VK&RQVXPSWLRQRI¿EHUULFKIRRGVZDV
KLJKHUWKDQWKHUHFRPPHQGHGOHYHORIIRRGHQHUJ\7RWDO probably too low in most of the children. The contribution of
IDW LQWDNH ZDV RQ DYHUDJH   &,     IRRG VDWXUDWHGIDWW\DFLGVLVWRRKLJKIRUWKHPDMRULW\RI\HDUROG
HQHUJ\ZKLFKZDVZLWKLQWKHUHFRPPHQGHGOHYHORIIRRG FKLOGUHQ,QWDNHRIWUDQVIDWW\DFLGLQWDNHRIDERXWRIWKH
521
FKLOGUHQDJHG\HDUVH[FHHGHGWKHXSSHUOLPLW)LQDOO\WKH it is rich in calcium. The aims of this study were to determine
diets of Dutch young children were adequate in most vitamins the erosive potential of tamarind juice containing fermented
and minerals. However, the intake of vitamin D and folate was shrimp paste.
low. MATERIALS & METHODS: Four groups of tooth enamel
CONCLUSION: Policy measures need to focus on achieving VSHFLPHQV ZHUH H[SRVHG LQ WDPDULQG MXLFH RU WDPDULQG MXLFH
RSWLPDOERG\ZHLJKWLQFUHDVLQJLQWDNHVRIYHJHWDEOHVIUXLW¿VK FRQWDLQLQJ WKUHH YDULHG VKULPS SDVWHV IRU  PLQXWHV SHU GD\
DQG¿EHUDQGLPSURYLQJWKHIDWW\DFLGFRPSRVLWLRQLQWKHGLHW for a total of 29 days. The enamel loss and the percentage of
of young children. VXUIDFHKDUGQHVVFKDQJH RI60+& ZHUHLQYHVWLJDWHGXVLQJ
DSUR¿ORPHWHUDQGD9LFNHUVPLFURKDUGQHVVWHVWHUUHVSHFWLYHO\
RESULTS & FINDINGS: The results showed that the addition
P113-05 RI IHUPHQWHG VKULPS SDVWH WR WDPDULQG MXLFH FDQ VLJQL¿FDQWO\
THE DUTCH DIETARY MONITORING SYSTEM reduce the erosive potential of tamarind juice. The higher
Van Rossum, Caroline T.; De Boer, Evelien J.; Ocke, Marga C. FRQWHQW RI VKULPS SDVWH LQ WDPDULQG MXLFH FDQ VLJQL¿FDQWO\
RIVM, Bilthoven, NLD reduce the enamel loss, more than a smaller content of shrimp
SDVWH+RZHYHUWKHRI60+&RIDOOWUHDWPHQWJURXSVZDVQRW
For effective formulation and evaluation of health and food VLJQL¿FDQWO\GLIIHUHQWGXULQJWKHH[SHULPHQWDOSHULRG
safety policy, data are required on the food consumption and CONCLUSION: Addition of shrimp paste in tamarind juice
nutritional status of the Dutch population. The Dutch dietary can reduce the erosive potential of tamarind juice on enamel.
PRQLWRULQJ V\VWHP ZDV UHGHVLJQHG LQ  LQ RUGHU WR PHHW
changing policy needs such as more food safety issues, and to
UHÀHFWVRFLRGHPRJUDSKLFGHYHORSPHQWVWUHQGVLQIRRGKDELWV P113-08
as well as developments in dietary assessment methods. DIETARY PATTERNS ARE PREDICTORS OF
7KH FXUUHQW 'XWFK GLHWDU\ PRQLWRULQJ V\VWHP FRQVLVWV RI ¿YH PROBLEM BEHAVIORS IN CHIDREN
modules. The core of the system comprises a (semi-) continuous Oh, Se-Young1; Kwon, Sung OK1; Kwon, Hojang2
collection of data pertaining to the general population aged 1
Kyung Hee Univesity, Seoul, KOR; 2Dankook Univ.,
IURPWR\HDUV  7KHGLHWDU\DVVHVVPHQWPHWKRGFRQVLVWV Chungnam, KOR
of two non-consecutive 24-h dietary recalls in combination
with a self-administered questionnaire among subjects recruited Prevailing dietary patterns and their association with behavioral
from consumer panels. Separate surveys are advised for the outcomes are poorly understood for children in Korea. This
YDULRXV FRPSRQHQWV PDGH XS RI VSHFL¿F WDUJHW JURXSV VXFK VWXG\ LGHQWL¿HG PDMRU GLHWDU\ SDWWHUQV DQG H[DPLQHG WKHLU
as children, ethnic groups, pregnant and lactating women) (2) associations with problem behaviors in children. As part of
RU VSHFL¿F IRRGV WKDW DUH FRQVXPHG E\ UHODWLYHO\ IHZ SHRSOH the CHEER (Children’s Health and Environmental Research),
 %RWWOHQHFNVLQQXWULWLRQVLJQDOHGLQWKHVXUYH\VPD\LQGXFH XVXDOGLHWRIaFKLOGUHQDJHG\HDUVZDVDVVHVVHGE\D
follow-up studies on nutritional status (4) or on determinants of IRRGIUHTXHQF\TXHVWLRQQDLUHIURPZKLFKIRRGJURXSVZHUH
GLHWDU\EHKDYLRU   created and entered into a factor analysis. Based on relative
LQWDNHIUHTXHQFLHVRIIRRGVZHLGHQWL¿HG¿YHGLHWDU\SDWWHUQV
such as Vegetables, Meat & Fish, Fruit & Dairy, Flour & Fast
P113-06 IRRG DQG 6ZHHWV 'X3DXO¶V $WWHQWLRQ'H¿FLW +\SHUDFWLYLW\
DIETARY HABITS AND ORAL HEALTH OF CHILDREN Disorder (ADHD) rating scale was used to assess problem
Akyuz, Serap; Kuru, Leyla; Dogan, Burcu N. behaviors. Dietary patterns of the Flour & Fast food and
Marmara University, Istanbul, TUR Sweet showed positive relationships with both AD and HD
measures in multivariate logistic regressions. T he Vegetable
OBJECTIVES: Dental caries is one of the most common SDWWHUQ ZDV QHJDWLYHO\ DVVRFLDWHG ZLWK $' 7KHVH ¿QGLQJV
disease in children. The aim of this study was to assess dietary suggest that major dietary patterns are predictors of problem
habits and dental and periodontal status of children. behaviors in school-aged children. (Supported by the Ministry
MATERIALS AND METHODS:$WRWDORIFKLOGUHQ  of Environment, ROK)
JLUOVER\VPHDQDJH“ ZHUHH[DPLQHGDFFRUGLQJWR
WHO guidelines. Demographic data, nutrition and brushing
habits were collected via a questionnaire. Caries prevalence P113-09
LQFOXGLQJ GHFD\HG PLVVLQJ ¿OOHG WHHWK RI SULPDU\ GIW  DIETARY PATTERN AND DIETARY INTAKE
DQG SHUPDQHQW WHHWK '0)7  DQG SODTXH LQGH[ 3,  ZHUH OF TRIBAL WOMEN OF NAUGARH BLOCK
GHWHUPLQHG%RG\PDVVLQGH[ %0, ZDVDOVRFDOFXODWHG CHANDAULI DISTRICT U P INDIA
RESULTS: The ratio of children having 2 snacks in-between- Singh, Namita
PHDOZDVIRXQGWREH:KLOHRIFKLOGUHQFRQVXPHG Central Agricultural University, Tura,Meghalaya, IND
VXJDUVZHHWHQHGEHYHUDJHVRQFHDGD\RQO\RIFKLOGUHQ
presented no consumption. Children brushing their teeth 1, 2, RATIONALE: In, Dietary habits, dietary pattern and dietary
DQGWLPHVGD\ZHUHDQGUHVSHFWLYHO\ intakes of tribal women are far from satisfactory.
0HDQQXPEHURIGIWZDV“'0)7“3,“ Objectives-
BMI was found to be within normal limits. 1. To know prevalent dietary habits and dietary pattern of
&21&/86ø21 Regarding high prevalence of caries in the tribal females.
FKLOGUHQKHDOWKHGXFDWLRQVKRXOGSRLQWRXWWRWKHVLJQL¿FDQFH 2. To assess dietary intakes of study subjects in terms of
of proper nutrition and regular oral hygiene. quantity and quality.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was the cross sectional
study. Sample size of the study was 402 females. The tool for
P113-07 this study was a pre-designed and pre-tested interview schedule.
PROTECTION AGAINST DENTAL EROSION Dietary intake was assessed by 24-hour recall method.
AFFORDED BY FERMENTED SHRIMP PASTE IN RESULTS: The dietary pattern of the study subjects was
ACIDIC FOOD cereals, roots and tuber based. Consumption of other food items
Chuenarrom, Chanya; Benjakul, Pojjanut YL]*/9IUXLWPLON PLONSURGXFWDQGÀHVKLWHPVZDVDOPRVW
Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, THA QHJOLJLEOH RI
5'$  7KH PHDQ HQHUJ\ LQWDNH ZDV IRXQG  .FDO SHU
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Fermented shrimp paste is women per day. Daily intake of all other nutrients was much
very important for sauces and dishes throughout Southeast Asia; lower than corresponding estimated mean RDA.
522
CONCLUSION: It was evident from the study that the dietary decrease HIV transmission risk for their infants.
habits, dietary pattern and dietary intakes of tribal women were
H[WUHPHO\SRRU
P114-02
APPLICATION OF THE FOOD MULTIMIX
P113-10 CONCEPT IN NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT FOR HIV/
DIETARY EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT OF AIDS PATIENTS’ NEW STRATEGIES IN HIV/AIDS
CHINESE ADULTS AND NURSING INFANTS MANAGEMENT IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
TO TETRABROMOBISPHENOL-A AND Zotor, Francis B.; Amuna, Paul
HEXABROMOCYCLODODECANES: OCCURRENCE University of Greenwich, Chatham, GBR
MEASUREMENTS IN FOODS AND HUMAN MILK
Feng, Jinfang1; 6KL=KL[LRQJ1; Wu, Yongning2; Li, Jingguang2; RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Nutritional support in HIV
Zhao, Yunfeng2 and wasting syndromes aims at replenishing energy and nutrient
1
Capital Medical University, Beijing, CHN; 2Chinese Center losses, weight gain and quality of life. The focus of this study
for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, CHN ZDV WR WHVW WKH )RRG 0XOWLPL[ FRQFHSW WKDW WUDGLWLRQDO IRRGV
FDQEHFRPELQHGWRPHHWQXWULHQWQHHGVRI+,9$,'6SDWLHQWV
7HWUDEURPRELVSKHQRO$ 7%%3$ DQGKH[DEURPRF\FORGRGHFDQH in food-insecure environments utilizing ‘nutrient strengths’ of
GLDVWHUHRLVRPHUV Į ȕ DQG Ȗ+%&'  ZHUH GHWHUPLQHG LQ  FDQGLGDWHIRRGVZLWKRXWH[WHUQDOIRUWL¿FDWLRQ
SRROHGKXPDQPLONVDPSOHVDQG&KLQHVH7RWDO'LHW6WXG\ METHODS: 7KH ³IRRGWRIRRG´ DSSURDFK ZDV HPSOR\HG LQ
(TDS) samples collected in 2007. Based on ultra performance formulating recipes targeting ingredients from foods commonly
OLTXLG FKURPDWRJUDSK\PDVV VSHFWURPHWU\ 83/&0606  FRQVXPHGLQ*KDQD5HFLSHVZHUHVXEMHFWHGWRSUR[LPDWHDQG
DQDO\VLV OHYHOV RI 7%%3$ UDQJHG IURP /2' WR SJJ PLFURQXWULHQWDQDO\VHVDQGRSWLPL]HGWRPHHWDWOHDVWRI
OLSLGZHLJKW OZ LQKXPDQPLONDQGIURP/2'WRSJJ recommended daily intakes.
OZ LQ 7'6 VDPSOHV Į+%&' GLDVWHUHRLVRPHU ZKLFK UDQJHG RESULTS: 0HDQ “6(0  VKRZHG KLJK HQHUJ\ GHQVLW\ N-J
IURP/2'WRSJJOZLQKXPDQPLONDQGIURP/2'WR SURGXFW  RI  “  DQG HQHUJ\ GLVWULEXWLRQ RI SURWHLQ
SJJOZLQ7'6VDPSOHVZDVJHQHUDOO\WKHPRVWDEXQGDQW FDUERK\GUDWHIDWRIUHVSHFWLYHO\6HOHFWHG
FRPSDULQJZLWKȕDQGȖ+%&'7KHDYHUDJH(VWLPDWHG'DLO\ PLQHUDOV H[SUHVVHG DV  RI WKH 51, DQG LQGH[ RI QXWULWLRQDO
Intake (EDI) of TBBPA via human milk for nursing infants TXDOLW\ ,14  ZHUH IRU LURQ  ,14   FDOFLXP
ZLWK D UDQJH RI SJNJ EZGD\ ZDV SJNJ  ,14   ]LQF  ,14   DQG FRSSHU
ERG\ZHLJKW EZ GD\ ZKLOH WKDW RI ™+%&' ZDV SJNJ  ,14  6LPLODUO\IRUYLWDPLQV%%DQG%,14
EZGD\ ZLWK D UDQJH RI SJNJ EZGD\ 7KH PHGLXP ZHUH%  ,14  %  ,14  DQG
ERXQG /2' /2' (',7%%3$IRUD³UHIHUHQFH´PDQYLD %  ,14  
DQLPDO RULJLQ IRRGV ZDV SJNJ EZGD\ DQG (',™+%&' CONCLUSION: The effective combination of local foods
ZDV SJNJ EZGD\ 0HDW DQG PHDW SURGXFW ZDV WKH PDLQ KDYH EHQH¿WV DQG LPSOLFDWLRQV IRU FOLQLFDO DQG SXEOLF KH