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Greeting Parting
Morning! Goodbye.
Hello! Good night.
Hi, Eva! How are you? Bye!
Hi, there! See you (soon/later/tomorrow).
Good morning/afternoon/evening. Cheerio!

You say “Good morning/Morning (Selamat pagi/Pagi).” at 12 midnight up to 12 noon.

You say “Good afternoon/Afternoon (Selamat siang/Siang)” at 12:01 p.m. up to 6 p.m.
You say “Good evening/Evening (Selamat sore/Sore)” at 6:01 p.m. up to 9 p.m.
You say “Good night (Selamat malam)” when you want to leave other people at night, such as you want to go to sleep or you leave
someone’s house.

Practice the dialogs below with a friend.

1. Ida : Good morning, Mom.

Mother : Good morning, Ida. Going to school now?
Ida : Yes. Goodbye, Mom.
Mother : Goodbye, dear. Take care.

2. Shinta : Good morning, Mrs. Ridwan.

Mrs. Ridwan : Good morning, Shinta. You go to school early today.
Shinta : Yes, I am. I’m afraid of missing the bus. See you.
Mrs. Ridwan : See you.

3. While Ms. Ria is still teaching, the bell rings.

Ms. Ria : Well, students, that’s all for today. See you next Monday in the language laboratory.
Students : O.K., Ma’am. Thank you for the lesson.
Teacher : You’re welcome. Bye.
Students : Bye, Ma’am.
Teacher : Take care.
Students : You too, thank you

Continue the sentences below.

1. You meet your schoolmate in the school canteen at 9:15 a.m. You say, “________.”
2. Lisa meets her friends on the street at 4 p.m. She says, “________.”
3. Ivan wants to go to school in the morning. He says, “________.”to his parents.
4. You leave your friend’s home. You say, “________.”
5. You meet your teacher in the afternoon. You say, “________.”
6. You introduce your friend to your parents. You say, “________.”
7. You introduce your science teacher to your parents. She says, “How do you do?”
Your parents responds to it by saying, “________?”
8. You greet your friend on the phone by saying, “________.”
9. You leave your grandparents’ house in the evening. You say, “________.”
10. Your grandparents respond your leave taking by saying, “________.”

Introducing Yourself and Other People

Here are some expressions you can use to introduce ourselves and other people.
Introducing Yourself Introducing Other People
Hello! My name is Eka. Do you know each other? Erwan-
Hi! I’m Eka Septian. Bagus.
I’m Ratnawati Siregar. You can call Raka, meet Era.
me Oh, look, here’s Raka! Raka-Era. Era-
Ratna. Raka.
Raka, this is Era. Era, this is Raka.
1. Denia and her mother are in a supermarket now. She meets her biology teacher, Ms. Endang.
Denia : Good afternoon, Ma’am.
Ms. Endang : Good afternoon, Nia. Shopping, right?
Denia : No. We are just doing some window shopping. Ma’am, please meet my mother, Rianti. Mom, please meet Ms.
Endang, my biology teacher.
Ms. Rianti : How do you do?
Ms. Endang : How do you do?
2. Andika is going home. He usually goes home by bus. He’s waiting a bus at the bus station now. There is a girl sitting beside him.
Andika : Hi, I’m Andika. May I know your name?
Dewi : Hi, Andika. I’m Dewi.
Andika : Going home?
Dewi : Yeah.
Andika : Are you the student of SMP 1?
Dewi : Yes, I am.
Andika : I’m the student of SMP 1 too. I’m in Class VIIA.
Dewi : Are you? I’m in Class VIIC.
Andika : Nice to meet you.
Dewi : Nice to meet you.
You can make the conversation longer by asking for and giving information. Here are some expressions.

Asking for and Giving Information Responding

What’s your name? My name’s Silvana./I am Silvana.
What is your complete name? Silvana Larasati.
Where do you live? I live at Jalan Majapahit 12.
What is your favorite food? I like fried rice.
Do you like singing? No, I don’t.
Where do you come from? I come from Madura.

Hello, I would like to introduce my self to you.

My complete name is I Gede Andeka
You can call me Panjul.
I was born in Sukamaju, on March 18th 2006.
So i'm 10 years old now
I' m from sukamaju
An I live in Sukamaju
I am a Hinduism
My hobby is playing chess
I want to be professional chess player
My favorite food is meat ball
And i like Mountea very much
I have a sister and no brother
Her name is Kadek anggreni putri
She is 6 years old
She studies in Mekar Buana Kindergarten
My parents name's are Md Sunarta and Kt Sukerti
My father is a teacher and my mother is a housewife
All of us live in Sukamaju
Thank you for your attention

A. Expressing Gratitude (Mengungkapkan rasa terima kasih)

Ungkapan ini berfungsi untuk mengungkapkan rasa terima kasih kepada sesorang. Berikut ungkapan-ungkapannya:
Thank you/Thanks (terima kasih)
Thank you very much (terima kasih banyak)
Thanks a lot (terima kasih banyak)
I am grateful for...? (aku berterima kasih untuk...)
I want to thank you for you to help me (aku ingin berterimakasih kau mau menolongku)
I really appreciate your kindness (aku sangat menghargai kebaikanmu)
You have been really helpful for me (kamu sudah sangat membantu untukku)
I just can't thank you enough (seberapa banyak kata terimakasih pun takkan cukup)
It means a lot for me (ini berharga sangat banyak untukku)
I can't repay you for what you've done (aku tidak bisa membayarmu untuk apa yang sudah kamu lakukan)

B. Response
My pleasure. (dengan senang hati)
You’re welcome. (sama-sama)
No problem (tidak apa apa)
I’m glad that i can help you. (aku senang bisa membantumu)
Don't mention it (tidak masalah)
Forget it. (lupakanlah)
That’s what friends are. (itulah arti teman)
It’s all right. (baiklah)
It’s nothing. (tidak apa-apa)
That’s okay. (ok)
Read carefully and choose the correct answer between a, b, c, or d !

Cindy: Oh, I have a headache. Can you get me "Bodrex",

please? It's on the table.
Tiny: ___________ Here it is.
Cindy: Thank you.

1. The suitable expression to complete the dialogue is …

A. Of course you are
B. I doubt
C. Never mind
D. Certainly

2. You help someone with a heavy bag. They say ''thank you'' and
you reply ....
A. No thanks
B. You're welcome
C. I appreciate it
D. I am grateful

Yozy : Today is your birthday, right?

Dany : Yes, How do you know about it?
Yozy : Have a wonderful day. I have a gift for you.
Dany : Oh my God I really like it _______________ .
Yozy : Never mind.

3. The suitable expression to complete the dialogue is …

A. It is disappointing me!
B. It is not special!
C. I’m very satisfied!
D. You're too generous!

4. What is the suitable response of expression “Thank so much!”

A. Welcome home
B. You are welcome
C. Come here
D. Come in please

Jack : Oh no! I forgot to post a letter.

Rudy : Let me help you, because I'm going to the post office.
Jack : You've been very helpful.

5. The underlined expression expresses ....

A. Satisfaction
B. Dissatisfaction
C. Agreement
D. Thanks

Nicole: Harry, I gotta go now.

Harry: But the party’s just started, Nicole.
Nicole: I know. But I have to get up very early tomorrow. Thanks a lot for this amazing party.
Harry: You’re welcome. I may throw another one next week.
Nicole: That would be great. Your parties are famous all around the campus.

6. The underlined phrase means ...

A. The party was great
B. The party was funny
C. The party was poor
D. The party was bored
E. The party was dreadful

7. Rima : Thank you for your attention.

Anto : ...
A. You are welcome
B. I am very sorry
C. Please excuse me
D. Thanks

8. Irwan : Thank you for coming.

Anto : ....
A. Sorry
B. No problem
C. I don’t know
D. I don’t think so

9. X : Hi, I bought some cookies for you.

A. Thanks very much
B. I’m really sorry
C. How are you
D. I did

10. Jane : Thanks for the drink.

Nela : …

A. Don’t mention it
B. Thank you
C. Sure
D. Sorry

Contoh dialog

Lingga : Hey, Ratu. How are you now?

Ratu : I’m feeling better, Lingga. Thanks for asking.

Lingga : I called your place and your mom told me you got the flu.

Ratu : Yeah, I did.

Lingga : I told Ms. Diana about it and she said she’ll let you take the tests later on.

Ratu : Thanks a lot Lingga.

Lingga : Don’t mention it. And here is the list of topics which were covered last week.

Ratu : Thank you so much. You’re a great friend.

Expressing Apology
 Sorry (maaf)
 I'm so sorry (aku sangat minta maaf)
 I'm terribly sorry (aku sangat minta maaf)
 Sorry, It was my fault (maaf, itu semua salahku)
 I'm really sorry (aku benar-benar minta maaf)
 I do apologize for... (aku meminta maaf untuk...)
 Please, forgive me for... (tolong maafkan aku untuk...)
 Please, accept my apology (tolong terima permintaan maafku)
 Pardon me for... (maafkan aku atas...)
 I apologize for my attitude (aku meminta maaf untuk kelakuanku)
 Sorry, please don't be mad at me (maaf, tolong jangan marah padaku)
 I'm sorry, I shouldn't have do that (maafkan aku, seharusnya aku tidak melakukan itu)
 I am ashamed for what I have done, please forgive me (aku sangat malu dengan apa yang sudah aku lakukan, tolong maafkan aku)
Accepting Apology
 It's fine/ It's okay/ It's alright (tidak apa apa)
 That's fine/ That's okay/ That's alright (tidak apa apa)
 Forget it (lupakan saja)
 Don't worry about it (jangan khawatir tentang itu)
 It doesn't matter (itu bukan masalah)
 Don't mention it (tidak apa apa)
 Don't apologize (jangan meminta maaf)
 Never mind (jangan dipikirkan)
Contoh Dialog tentang Expressing Apology

Dialogue I

Toni: Excuse me for being late to work.

Jill : Where have you been?
Toni : My car broke down.
Jill : That's too bad. Please try to fix it so that it doesn't happen again.
Toni: Yes, I'll work on it.
Jill: Thank you, have a seat. We are working on the new project
Toni : Great! Fill me in.

Toni: Maaf karena terlambat untuk bekerja.
Jill: kemana saja kau?
Toni: Mobil saya mogok.
Jill: Itu buruk sekali.Tolong perbaiki mobilmu supaya tidak terjadi lagi kejadian seperti ini.
Toni: Ya, saya akan memperbaikinya.
Jill: Terima kasih, duduklah di kursi. Kami sedang bekerja pada proyek baru
Toni: Luar biasa! Masukkan aku ke dalam proyek itu.

Dialogue II
Teacher : Azzam, you didn’t show me your home work.
Azzam : I am sorry, Sir. I haven’t done it
Teacher : Oh, why?
Azzam : I wasn’t well yesterday.
Teacher : What was wrong with you?
Azzam : I had a headache.
Teacher : But you know, I saw you playing kite yesterday evening. Aren’t you telling a lie?
Azzam : Extremely sorry, Sir.
Teacher : You are stubborn. Now you have to apologize!
Rohit : Please excuse me, Sir. I now regret having told a lie. I assure you, Sir, I will never tell a lie in my life.
Teacher : Good that you have realized.

dialog II
Guru: Azzam, kamu tidak mengumpulkan pekerjaan rumahmu.
Azzam: Saya minta maaf, Pak. Aku tidak mengerjakannya
Guru: Oh, kenapa?
Azzam: kemarin aku sakit
Guru: Apa yang salah dengan Anda?
Azzam: Saya sakit kepala.
Guru: Tapi kau tahu, aku melihatmu bermain layang-layang kemarin siang. Apakah kamu tidak berbohong?
Azzam: Maafkan aku pak.
Guru: kamu bandel. Sekarang kamu harus minta maaf!
Rohit: Maafkan aku, Pak. Sekarang aku menyesal telah berbohong. Saya jamin, Pak. aku tidak akan pernah berbohong dalam hidup saya.
Guru: Bagus kalau kau menyadarinya.

Dialogue III
Rina : Yuli why you didn't come to my birthday party last night?
Yuli : I do apologize for it Rina, I really want to come to your party.
Rina : Then why you weren't just come?
Yuli : My mother is sick and I have to take care of her.
Rina : Oh my goodness. I'm sorry I didn't know that, you've to tell me earlier.
Yuli : That's okay Rina.
Rina : I hope your mother would get better soon.
Rina : Thank you for your concern.

A. Command (Kalimat Perintah)

1. Untuk membuat kalimat perintah kita bisa menggunakan kata “command, order, tell, ask, must, and shall”.

Contoh Kalimat:
My mother commanded me to help her.
(Artinya: Ibuku memerintahku untuk membantunya)
The teacher ordered the students to do the exercise.
(Artinya: guru memerintah murid-murid mengerjakan latihan)
I told you to be quiet.
(Artinya: Saya menyuruhmu diam)
He asked me to open the window.
(Artinya: Dia memerintahku untuk membuka jendela)
You must write the lessson.
(Artinya: Kamu harus menulis/ mencatat pelajaran itu)
You must go home now.
(Artinya: Kamu harus pulang sekarang)
This table shall be cleaned.
(Artinya: Meja ini hendaknya dibersihkan)
This book shall be read together.
(Artinya: Buku ini hendaknya dibaca bersama-sama)

Kata “command, order, & tell” merupakan verb (kata kerja). Sedangkan kata “ask” digunakan dalam causative, dan
kata “must & shall” merupakan modal auxiliaries.

2. Be + Adjective

Contoh Kalimat:
Be quiet! (Artinya: Diamlah)
Be ready. (Artinya: Bersiaplah)
Be careful! (Artinya: hati-hatilah)

3. Let us (Let’s) + Infinitives

Contoh Kalimat:
Let us go now. (Artinya: Mari kita pergi sekarang)
Let’s study together. (Artinya: Mari kita belajar bersama)
Let’s find the way out. (Artinya: Mari kita menemukan jalan keluar)

B. Request (Permintaan)

1. Can you/ Could you

Contoh Kalimat:
Can you help me, Please! (Artinya: Dapatkah anda menolongku!)
Could you open the gate. (Artinya: Bisakah kamu membukakan gerbangnya)

Baca juga artikel kami mengenai Contoh Polite Request(Permintaan Sopan)

Dengan"I" dan "You" Sebagai Subject.

2. Will you/ won’t you

Contoh Kalimat:
Will you pick me up ?
(Artinya: Maukah kamu menjemputku?)
Won’t you send the letter?
(Artinya: Maukah kamu mengirim surat ini?)

3. Would you like to

Contoh Kalimat
Would you like to drink this tea, please.
(Artinya: Maukah anda meminum teh ini)
Would you like to lift this chair, please.
(Artinya: Maukah anda mengangkat kursi ini)

4. Would you mind

Contoh Kalimat:
Would you mind finishing it first?
(Artinya: Tidak keberatankah anda untuk menyelesaikannya dahulu?)
Would you mind watching film with me?
(Artinya: Tidak keberatankah anda menonton film dengan saya?)

1. Go away! (pergi sana!)

2. Close the door! (tutup pintunya!)
3. Listen to the teacher! (dengarkan guru!)
4. Be careful! (hati-hati!)
5. Be nice! (jadilah baik!)
6. Be quite please! (tolong diam!)
7. Stay with me! (tinggallah bersamaku!)
8. Get out! (keluar!)
9. Keep out! (menjauh dari sini!)
10. Open your book/dictionary! (bukalah bukumu!/kamusmu!)
11. Clean the whiteboard! (Hapuslah papan tulisnya!)
12. Sit down! (duduk!/ duduklah!)
13. Stand up! (berdiri!/ berdirilah!)
14. Come in time! (datanglah tepat waktu!)
15. Please be honest to me! (tolong-jujurlah padaku!)
16. Sit down, please! (silakan duduk!)
17. I am tired. Please drive me to my home. (Saya kelelahan. Tolong antarkan aku pulang kerumahku)
18. Keep silent, please. (Tolong untuk diam!)
19. Don’t step on the grass! (jangan menginjak rumput!)
20. Don’t eat my foods! (jangan makan makananku!)
Ciri-ciri kalimat Command
 Command merupakan kalimat yang tegas dan biasanya diakhiri dengan exclamation (!) atau tanda seru
karena sifatnya yang memerintahkan seseorang. Misalnya ‘Listen!’ atau ‘Close the door!’
 Command digunakan untuk menyatakan keinginan dari pembicara kepada lawan bicara
 Command dapat berupa sebuah larangan, misalnya: ‘Don’t swim too far!’ atau ‘Don’t step the grass!’
 Kalimat command selalu dalam bentuk Simple Present Tense, yang berarti selalu menggunakan kata kerja
bentuk pertama atau verb 1.