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DIMENSIONAMENTO DE UM TANQUE RETANGULAR

Introdução
Para o dimensionamento de um tanque retangular, utiliza-se de “vigas” externas ou internas para suportar os esforços de
pressão nas faces. A pressão na face é dividida em “subáreas” que serão suportadas por um dado número de “vigas”. Dessa
P= A= L⋅H
Observe o formulário.
A [ ]
z−1
x n=x n−1+ [ ]
maneira, as “paredesFdo tanque” serão consideradas comoHporta integrante das vigas,
y n= y n−1+
z−1
L formando um perfil “viga+parede”.

Dados para dimensionamento de uma face

L= 500.00 mm x1= 0 mm y1= 0 mm


H= 390.00 mm x2= 0.17 mm y2= 130.00 mm
L= 0.50 mm x3= 0.33 mm y3= 260.00 mm
H= 0.39 mm x4= 0.50 mm y4= 390.00 mm
P= 1.00 bar x5= mm y5= mm
z= 4.00 “vigas” x6= mm y6= mm
x7= mm y7= mm
A= 195,000.00 mm²
x8= mm y8= mm
x9= mm y9= mm
A= 0.1950 m²
x10= mm y10= mm
Geometria da “Viga”
a= 5.7 mm
b= 124.3 mm
B= 130 mm
c= 5.7 mm
d= 3.803333333 mm
h= 20 mm
H= 25.7 mm
V= 21.89666667 mm

Esforços na viga

Jx= 22614.2085 mm4 Mf= 40625 kgf.mm σesc= 20.4 kgf/mm²


y= 3.803333333 mm σCHUTE= 6.83 kgf/mm² FS= 2.25 [-]
Wf= 5,945.89 mm³ Δσ= 2.23 kgf/mm² σadm= 9.07 kgf/mm²
ESTUDO ESPESSURA DO TANQUE DO GIGA
B 130.00 [mm] Tesc 20.40 [kgf/mm²]
h 20.00 [mm] FS 2.25 [-] Aplicação na Aba
M 40,625.00 [kgf.mm] Tadm 9.07 [kgf/mm²]
MSG a [mm] b [mm] c [mm] d [mm] H [mm] J [mm4] T [kgf/mm²] V [mm] Wf [mm³]
30 0.31 129.69 0.31 1.47 20.31 1,137.19 52.43 21.78 774.83
29 0.34 129.66 0.34 1.48 20.34 1,254.02 47.97 21.82 846.93
28 0.38 129.62 0.38 1.50 20.38 1,411.72 43.11 21.88 942.40
27 0.42 129.58 0.42 1.52 20.42 1,571.63 39.17 21.94 1,037.15
26 0.46 129.54 0.46 1.53 20.46 1,733.78 35.91 21.99 1,131.22
25 0.53 129.47 0.53 1.56 20.53 2,022.99 31.39 22.09 1,294.30
24 0.61 129.39 0.61 1.60 20.61 2,362.15 27.48 22.21 1,478.50
23 0.68 129.32 0.68 1.63 20.68 2,666.59 24.80 22.31 1,637.96
22 0.76 129.24 0.76 1.66 20.76 3,023.46 22.34 22.42 1,818.44
21 0.84 129.16 0.84 1.70 20.84 3,390.04 20.34 22.54 1,997.28
20 0.91 129.09 0.91 1.73 20.91 3,718.90 18.87 22.64 2,152.56
19 1.06 128.94 1.06 1.79 21.06 4,449.66 16.37 22.85 2,482.15
18 1.21 128.79 1.21 1.86 21.21 5,216.93 14.47 23.07 2,808.32
17 1.37 128.63 1.37 1.93 21.37 6,076.97 12.88 23.30 3,153.59
16 1.52 128.48 1.52 1.99 21.52 6,923.55 11.69 23.51 3,475.68
15 1.71 128.29 1.71 2.07 21.71 8,053.87 10.46 23.78 3,882.63
14 1.90 128.10 1.90 2.16 21.90 9,251.32 9.47 24.06 4,289.64
13 2.28 127.72 2.28 2.32 22.28 11,857.95 7.95 24.60 5,108.25
12 2.66 127.34 2.66 2.49 22.66 14,764.31 6.84 25.15 5,938.98
11 3.04 126.96 3.04 2.65 23.04 17,991.71 5.99 25.69 6,787.62
10 3.42 126.58 3.42 2.82 23.42 21,561.95 5.30 26.24 7,658.75
9 3.80 126.20 3.80 2.98 23.80 25,497.26 4.75 26.78 8,556.13
8 4.18 125.82 4.18 3.14 24.18 29,820.35 4.28 27.32 9,482.83
7 4.55 125.45 4.55 3.31 24.55 34,424.35 3.90 27.86 10,415.84
3/16” 4.76 125.24 4.76 3.40 24.76 37,219.03 3.71 28.16 10,959.67
ESTUDO ESPESSURA DO TANQUE DO GIGA
B 130.00 [mm] Tesc 20.40 [kgf/mm²]
h 35.00 [mm] FS 2.25 [-] Aplicação na Nervura
M 40,625.00 [kgf.mm] Tadm 9.07 [kgf/mm²]
MSG a [mm] b [mm] c [mm] d [mm] H [mm] J [mm4] T [kgf/mm²] V [mm] Wf [mm³]
30 0.31 129.69 0.31 3.83 35.31 6,748.27 235.65 39.14 172.40
29 0.34 129.66 0.34 3.85 35.34 7,422.10 214.49 39.19 189.41
28 0.38 129.62 0.38 3.86 35.38 8,326.34 191.46 39.24 212.18
27 0.42 129.58 0.42 3.88 35.42 9,237.23 172.83 39.30 235.06
26 0.46 129.54 0.46 3.89 35.46 10,154.82 157.44 39.35 258.04
25 0.53 129.47 0.53 3.92 35.53 11,776.80 136.09 39.45 298.52
24 0.61 129.39 0.61 3.95 35.61 13,655.95 117.69 39.56 345.17
23 0.68 129.32 0.68 3.98 35.68 15,322.70 105.15 39.66 386.35
22 0.76 129.24 0.76 4.01 35.76 17,253.51 93.65 39.77 433.82
21 0.84 129.16 0.84 4.04 35.84 19,212.27 84.33 39.88 481.72
20 0.91 129.09 0.91 4.07 35.91 20,949.34 77.53 39.98 523.99
19 1.06 128.94 1.06 4.13 36.06 24,745.30 65.98 40.19 615.71
18 1.21 128.79 1.21 4.19 36.21 28,643.25 57.30 40.40 709.01
17 1.37 128.63 1.37 4.25 36.37 32,915.60 50.14 40.62 810.29
16 1.52 128.48 1.52 4.31 36.52 37,030.29 44.79 40.83 906.92
15 1.71 128.29 1.71 4.39 36.71 42,397.21 39.38 41.10 1,031.67
14 1.90 128.10 1.90 4.46 36.90 47,940.92 35.05 41.36 1,159.10
13 2.28 127.72 2.28 4.61 37.28 59,574.40 28.57 41.89 1,422.15
12 2.66 127.34 2.66 4.76 37.66 71,962.28 23.95 42.42 1,696.42
11 3.04 126.96 3.04 4.91 38.04 85,136.52 20.49 42.95 1,982.24
10 3.42 126.58 3.42 5.06 38.42 99,129.48 17.82 43.48 2,279.92
9 3.80 126.20 3.80 5.21 38.80 113,973.96 15.69 44.01 2,589.78
8 4.18 125.82 4.18 5.36 39.18 129,703.15 13.95 44.54 2,912.14
7 4.55 125.45 4.55 5.50 39.55 145,900.53 12.55 45.05 3,238.31
3/16” 4.76 125.24 4.76 5.59 39.76 155,492.88 11.85 45.35 3,428.94
7/32” 5.56 124.44 5.56 5.90 40.56 194,800.40 9.69 46.46 4,192.64
1/4” 6.35 123.65 6.35 6.21 41.35 238,156.03 8.11 47.56 5,007.10
9/32” 7.14 122.86 7.14 6.52 42.14 286,345.23 6.90 48.66 5,884.03
5/16” 7.94 122.06 7.94 6.84 42.94 340,406.93 5.94 49.78 6,838.23
11/32” 8.73 121.27 8.73 7.15 43.73 399,329.99 5.18 50.88 7,848.28
3/8” 9.53 120.47 9.53 7.47 44.53 464,960.34 4.54 52.00 8,942.17
13/32” 10.32 119.68 10.32 7.78 45.32 536,013.38 4.02 53.10 10,094.87
7/16” 11.11 118.89 11.11 8.09 46.11 613,631.98 3.59 54.20 11,321.88
15/32” 11.91 118.09 11.91 8.40 46.91 699,300.44 3.21 55.31 12,642.39
1/2” 12.70 117.30 12.70 8.72 47.70 791,256.82 2.90 56.42 14,025.61
17/32” 13.49 116.51 13.49 9.03 48.49 890,910.85 2.62 57.52 15,489.69
9/16” 14.29 115.71 14.29 9.34 49.29 1,000,071.25 2.38 58.63 17,056.89
19/32” 15.08 114.92 15.08 9.65 50.08 1,116,412.36 2.17 59.73 18,690.13
5/8” 15.88 114.12 15.88 9.97 50.88 1,243,297.69 1.99 60.85 20,432.88
21/32” 16.17 113.83 16.17 10.08 51.17 1,291,631.02 1.93 61.25 21,087.12
11/16” 17.46 112.54 17.46 10.59 52.46 1,522,393.26 1.68 63.05 24,145.69
23/32” 18.26 111.74 18.26 10.91 53.26 1,679,009.03 1.55 64.17 26,166.87
3/4” 19.05 110.95 19.05 11.22 54.05 1,844,348.81 1.44 65.27 28,258.66
25/32” 19.84 110.16 19.84 11.53 54.84 2,020,750.82 1.33 66.37 30,447.72
13/16” 20.64 109.36 20.64 11.84 55.64 2,211,123.12 1.24 67.48 32,765.62
27/32” 21.43 108.57 21.43 12.15 56.43 2,411,172.68 1.16 68.58 35,156.37
7/8” 22.23 107.77 22.23 12.47 57.23 2,626,446.20 1.08 69.70 37,682.48
29/32” 23.02 106.98 23.02 12.78 58.02 2,852,043.86 1.01 70.80 40,282.76
15/16” 23.81 106.19 23.81 13.09 58.81 3,091,061.52 0.94 71.90 42,990.03
31/32” 24.61 105.39 24.61 13.41 59.61 3,347,284.64 0.89 73.02 45,842.56
1” 25.40 104.60 25.40 13.72 60.40 3,614,813.24 0.83 74.12 48,770.94
DIMENSIONAMENTO DE UM TANQUE RETANGULAR
Introdução
Para o dimensionamento de um tanque retangular, utiliza-se de “vigas” externas ou internas para suportar os esforços de
pressão nas faces. A pressão na face é dividida em “subáreas” que serão suportadas por um dado número de “vigas”. Dessa
maneira, as “paredes do tanque” serão consideradas como porta integrante das vigas, formando um perfil “viga+parede”.
Observe o formulário.

P=
F
A
A= L⋅H y n= y n−1+ [ ]
H
z−1
x n=x n−1+ [ ] L
z−1
Dados para dimensionamento de uma face

L= 500.00 mm x1= 0 mm y1= 0 mm


H= 390.00 mm x2= 0.17 mm y2= 130.00 mm
L= 0.50 mm x3= 0.33 mm y3= 260.00 mm
H= 0.39 mm x4= 0.50 mm y4= 390.00 mm
P= 1.00 bar x5= mm y5= mm
z= 4.00 “vigas” x6= mm y6= mm
x7= mm y7= mm
A= 195,000.00 mm²
x8= mm y8= mm
x9= mm y9= mm
A= 0.1950 m²
x10= mm y10= mm
Geometria da “Viga”
a (espessura)= 4.0800 mm
b= 125.92 mm
B= 130 mm
c= 4.08 mm
d= 3.101333333 mm
h= 20 mm
H= 24.08 mm
V= 20.97866667 mm

Esforços na viga

Jx= 13888.56806 mm4 Mf= 40625 kgf.mm σesc= 20.4 kgf/mm²


y= 3.101333333 mm σCHUTE= 9.07 kgf/mm² FS= 2.25 [-]
Wf= 4,478.26 mm³ Δσ= 0.00 kgf/mm² σadm= 9.07 kgf/mm²
σflexão = tensão na flexão [kgf/mm²]
FORMULÁRIO
MF = momento fletor [kgf.mm]
WF = módulo de resistência a flexão [mm³]
MF σadm = tensão admissível [kgf/mm²]
σ flexão =
WF
σesc = tensão de escoamento do material [kgf/mm²]
σ
σ adm = esc k = fator de segurança [ - ]
k
Jx Jy Jx = momento de inércia da secção em x [mm4]
WF = ou
y x Jy = momento de inércia da secção em y [mm4]
F F y = distância do centro geométrico até a borda [mm]
P= → F =P⋅A→ A=
A P
x = distância do centro geométrico até a borda [mm]
e⋅H 3 e⋅L3
Jx= ou P = pressão interna do reservatório [kgf/mm²]
3 3
F = força resultante no centro da chapa [kgf]
e 3⋅H e 3⋅L
Jy= ou A = área da chapa [mm²]
3 3
e = espessura da chapa [mm]
MF =F⋅x ou F⋅y
H = altura da chapa [mm]
L = comprimento da chapa [mm]

DIMENSIONAMENTO

P= 0.008 kgf/mm²
Secção e - H Secção e – L
H= 390 mm
y= 195 mm y= 250 mm
L= 500 mm
MF = 304,200 kgf.mm MF = 390,000 kgf.mm
F= 1,560 kgf

WFesc = 14,205.58 mm³ WFesc = 18,212.28 mm³


σesc = 210 MPa
Jxesc = 2,770,088.15 mm4 Jxesc = 4,553,070.59 mm4
σesc = 21.41 kgf/mm²
eesc = 27.72 mm eesc = 30.12 mm
k= 1.20
WFadm = 17,046.70 mm³ WFadm = 21,854.74 mm³
σadm = 17.85 kgf/mm²
Jxadm = 3,324,105.78 mm4 Jxadm = 5,463,684.71 mm4
σflexão = 17.85 kgf/mm²
eadm = 29.46 mm eadm = 32.00 mm