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Course Outlines & References for Civil

R.S.E Part-II (25-2-2018)


1. Construction
(i) Estimate
(a) Types of Estimate, Sanction, Project
- Estimate
- Data, Rates
- Contingencies
- Preliminary Estimate
- Doors & Windows

(b) Equipment
- Operating Costs
- Depreciation
- Interest
- Ownership Costs

(c) Excavation
- Calculating Excavation
- Equipment
- Cut & Fill in the Same Grid
- Top Soil Removal
- General Excavation
- Special Excavation
- Back Filling
- Asphalt Paving

(d) Concrete
- Estimating Concrete
- Reinforcing
References
(1) Estimating & Costing in Civil Engineering, B.N. Duttal
(2) Estimating in Building Construction, Frank R.Dagostino, Steven J. Peterson

(ii) Structural Analysis


- Type of structural Loads
- Equilibrium Equations
- Determinate and Indeterminate Structural System
- Indeterminacy and Stability of Structural System
- Analysis of Statically Determinate Structures
- Analysis of Indeterminate Trusses
- Influence lines for Determinate Structures
- Deflection of Structures
- Slope Deflection Method
- Moment Distribution Method (continuous beam, plane frame ,etc., )
References:
(1) Structural Analysis, by R.C. Hibbeler ( Eighth Edition or Later Version )
(2. Fundamentals of Structural Analysis, by U Nyi Hla Nge ( First Edition or Later Version )

Page 1 of 19
(iii) RC Design
- Flexural Analysis and Design of beams
- Shear and Diagonal Tension in Beams
- Short columns
- Edge-Supported Slabs

Reference:
(1) Design of Concrete
Structures, Arthur : H. Nilson
(Twelfth Edition or Later Version)

(iv) Steel Design


- Structural Fasteners
- Compression Members (Part-I: Columns)
- Laterally Supported Beams
- Connections

Reference:
(1) Design and Behavior: {Load and Resistance Factor Design only}
Arthur: CHARLES G.SALMON; JOHN E.
JOHNSON (Third Edition or Later Version)

(v) Construction Management


(a) Project Management & Integrated Management System
(b) Planning, Scheduling & Monitoring
(c) Construction Economics & Financing

References:
(1) Construction Methods & Management, S.W.Nunnally
(2) Project Management-The Managerial Process, E.W Larson, C.F. Gray
(3) Construction Process, Planning & Management, S.M. Levy

(vi)Geotechnical Engineering
(a) Subsurface Exploration and Sampling
- Drilling and sampling procedures
- Soil classification
- Boring log interpretation
- In situ testing

(b) Engineering Properties of Soils and Materials


- Index properties
- Phase relationships
- Permeability
- Shear strength properties

(c) Soil Mechanics Analysis


- Pressure distribution
- Lateral earth pressure
- Consolidation
- Compaction
- Expansive soils
- Effective and Total stresses, pore water pressure
- Seepage

Page 2 of 19
References:
(1) Braja M.Das, Principles of Geotechnical Engineering
(2) Braja M.Das, Principles of Foundation Engineering
(3) Joseph E. Bowles, Foundation Analysis & Design

(vii) Construction Technology


- Earthwork
- Masonry Construction
- Plain & RC Construction
- Shallow Foundation Systems & Pressed Pile Foundation
- Stairs
- Floors
- Roofings
- Ceilings
- Mix Design (ACI)

References:
(1) Books of Building Construction & Methods

(viii) Construction Materials


- Cement
- Aggregates
- Brick, Block and Stones
- Mortar
- Concrete
- Rainforcing Steel & Structural Steel
- Wood
- Wall, Floor, Roof & Ceiling Materials

References:
(1) Properties of Concrete, A.M.Neville
(2) Concrete Technology, A.M. Neville & J.J Brooks
(3) Building Materials in Civil Engineering, Haimei Zhang
(4) ASTM Standards
(5) ACI 318-02 & 08
(6) CQHP Guide Lines

(ix) Temporary Structural


(a) Earth Retaining Structures including temporary structures
- Gravity walls and cantilever walls
- Sheet pile walls
- Mechanically stabilized retaining walls
- Braced excavation

(b) Shallow Foundations


- Brearing capacity
- Settlement

(c) Deep Foundations


- Axil capacity
- Lateral capacity
- Settlement

Page 3 of 19
References:
(4) Braja M.Das, Principles of Geotechnical Engineering
(5) Braja M.Das, Principles of Foundation Engineering
(6) Joseph E. Bowles, Foundation Analysis & Design

(x) Safety
- OHS Management System
- Construction Site Safety Management
- Work Activities and hazard
- Risk Control and Additional Control
- Calculation of OHSA Incident
Rate References:
(1) Safety Orientation Course
(2) Safety Supervisor Course
(3) All in One- Civil Engineering Breadth and Depth by Indranil Goswami
(4) PDP Hangout
(5) Construction Health & Safety Manual (New Edition-2003) by Construction Safety Assoiciation
of Onteria
(6) P.E Principles and Practice of Engineering By NCEES (Civil-Construction)

Page 4 of 19
2. Structural
(i) Estimate (Structural)
(a) Equipment
- Operating Costs
- Depreciation
- Interest
- Ownership Costs

(b) Excavation
- Calculating Excavation
- Equipment
- Cut & Fill in the Same Grid
- Top Soil Removal
- General Excavation
- Special Excavation
- Back Filling
- Asphalt Paving

References
(1) Estimating & Costing in Civil Engineering, B.N. Duttal
(2) Estimating in Building Construction, Frank R.Dagostino, Steven J. Peterson

(ii) Mechanics of Materials


- Stress, Axial Loads
- Axial Strain & Deformation in Bars ( Statically Determinate System)
- Torsion
- Axial Force, Shear and Bending Moment
- Pure Bending & Bending with axial Forces
References: SI Version
(1) Mechanics of Material, E.P Popov
(2) Mechanics of Solids, Egor P. Popov
(3) Mechanics of Materials R.C Hibbeler

(iii)Structural Analysis
- Type of structural Loads
- Equilibrium Equations
- Determinate and Indeterminate Structural System
- Indeterminacy and Stability of Structural System
- Analysis of Statically Determinate Structures
- Analysis of Determinate Trusses
- Influence lines for Determinate Structures
- Deflection of Structures
- Slope Deflection Method
- Moment Distribution Method( continuous beam, plane frame ,etc., )
- Analysis of Indeterminate Trusses
- Principal of Virtual Work

References:
(1) Structural Analysis, by R.C. Hibbeler ( Eighth Edition or Later Version )
(2. Fundamentals of Structural Analysis, by U Nyi Hla Nge ( First Edition or Later Version )

(iv) RC Design (Structural)


- Flexural Analysis and Design of beams
- Shear and Diagonal Tension in Beams
- Serviceability

Page 5 of 19
- Short columns
- Edge-Supported Slabs
- Prestressed Concrete

Reference:
(1) Design of Concrete
Structures, Arthur : H. Nilson
(Twelfth Edition or Later Version)

(v) Steel Design


- Tension Members
- Structural Fasteners
- Compression members (Part I : Columns)
- Laterally Supported Beams
- Connections

Reference:
(1) Design and Behavior: {Load and Resistance Factor Design only}
Arthur: CHARLES G.SALMON; JOHN E.
JOHNSON (Third Edition or Later Version)

(vi) Construction Management


(a) Project Management & Integrated Management System
(b) Planning, Scheduling & Monitoring

References:
(1) Construction Methods & Management, S.W.Nunnally
(2) Project Management-The Managerial Process, E.W Larson, C.F. Gray
(3) Construction Process, Planning & Management, S.M. Levy

(vii) Geotechnical Engineering


(a) Subsurface Exploration and Sampling
- Drilling and sampling procedures
- Soil classification
- Boring log interpretation
- In situ testing

(b) Engineering Properties of Soils and Materials


- Index properties
- Phase relationships
- Permeability
- Shear strength properties

(c) Soil Mechanics Analysis


- Pressure distribution
- Lateral earth pressure
- Consolidation
- Compaction
- Expansive soils
- Effective and Total stresses, pore water pressure
- Seepage

(1) Braja M.Das, Principles of Geotechnical Engineering


(2) Braja M.Das, Principles of Foundation Engineering
(3) Joseph E. Bowles, Foundation Analysis & Design

Page 6 of 19
(viii) Construction Materials
- Cement
- Aggregates
- Brick, Block and Stones
- Mortar
- Concrete
- Rainforcing Steel & Structural Steel
- Wood
- Wall, Floor, Roof & Ceiling Materials

References:
(1) Properties of Concrete, A.M.Neville
(2) Concrete Technology, A.M. Neville & J.J Brooks
(3) Building Materials in Civil Engineering, Haimei Zhang
(4) ASTM Standards
(5) ACI 318-02 & 08
(6) CQHP Guide Lines

(ix) Temporary Structural


(a) Earth Retaining Structures including temporary structures
- Gravity walls and cantilever walls
- Sheet pile walls
- Mechanically stabilized retaining walls
- Braced excavation

(b) Shallow Foundations


- Brearing capacity
- Settlement

(c) Deep Foundations


- Axil capacity
- Lateral capacity
- Settlement

(1) Braja M.Das, Principles of Geotechnical Engineering


(2) Braja M.Das, Principles of Foundation Engineering
(3) Joseph E. Bowles, Foundation Analysis & Design

(x) Safety
- OHS Management System
- Construction Site Safety Management
- Work Activities and hazard
- Risk Control and Additional Control
- Calculation of OHSA Incident
Rate References:
(1) Safety Orientation Course
(2) Safety Supervisor Course
(3) All in One- Civil Engineering Breadth and Depth by Indranil Goswami
(4) PDP Hangout
(5) Construction Health & Safety Manual (New Edition-2003) by Construction Safety Assoiciation
of Onteria
(6) P.E Principles and Practice of Engineering By NCEES (Civil-Construction)

Page 7 of 19
3. Geotechnical
(i) Estimate
(a) Types of Estimate, Sanction, Project
- Estimate
- Data, Rates
- Contingencies
- Preliminary Estimate
- Doors & Windows

(b) Equipment
- Operating Costs
- Depreciation
- Interest
- Ownership Costs

(c) Excavation
- Calculating Excavation
- Equipment
- Cut & Fill in the Same Grid
- Top Soil Removal
- General Excavation
- Special Excavation
- Back Filling
- Asphalt Paving

(d) Concrete
- Estimating Concrete
- Reinforcing
References
(1) Estimating & Costing in Civil Engineering, B.N. Duttal
(2) Estimating in Building Construction, Frank R.Dagostino, Steven J. Peterson

(ii) Structural Analysis


- Type of structural Loads
- Equilibrium Equations
- Determinate and Indeterminate Structural System
- Indeterminacy and Stability of Structural System
- Analysis of Statically Determinate Structures
- Analysis of Indeterminate Trusses
- Influence lines for Determinate Structures
- Deflection of Structures
- Slope Deflection Method
- Moment Distribution Method (continuous beam, plane frame ,etc.,
) References:
(1) Structural Analysis, by R.C. Hibbeler ( Eighth Edition or Later Version )
(2. Fundamentals of Structural Analysis, by U Nyi Hla Nge ( First Edition or Later Version )

(iii) RC Design
- Flexural Analysis and Design of beams
- Shear and Diagonal Tension in Beams
- Short columns
- Edge-Supported Slabs

Page 8 of 19
Reference:
(1) Design of Concrete
Structures, Arthur : H. Nilson
(Twelfth Edition or Later Version)

(iv) Steel Design


- Structural Fasteners
- Compression Members (Part-I: Columns)
- Laterally Supported Beams
- Connections

Reference:
(1) Design and Behavior: {Load and Resistance Factor Design only}
Arthur: CHARLES G.SALMON; JOHN E.
JOHNSON (Third Edition or Later Version)

(v) Construction Management


(a) Project Management & Integrated Management System
(b) Planning, Scheduling & Monitoring

References:
(1) Construction Methods & Management, S.W.Nunnally
(2) Project Management-The Managerial Process, E.W Larson, C.F. Gray
(3) Construction Process, Planning & Management, S.M. Levy

(vi) Geotechnical Engineering


(a) Subsurface Exploration and Sampling
- Drilling and sampling procedures
- Soil classification
- Boring log interpretation
- In situ testing

(b) Engineering Properties of Soils and Materials


- Index properties
- Phase relationships
- Permeability
- Shear strength properties

(c) Soil Mechanics Analysis


- Pressure distribution
- Lateral earth pressure
- Consolidation
- Compaction
- Expansive soils
- Effective and Total stresses, pore water pressure
- Seepage

(d) Earth Structures


- Slope stability
- Earth dams
- Techniques and suitability of ground modification

(e) Earth Retaining Structures including temporary structures


- Gravity walls and cantilever walls
- Sheet pile walls

Page 9 of 19
- Mechanically stabilized retaining walls
- Braced excavation

(f) Shallow Foundations


- Brearing capacity
- Settlement

(g) Deep Foundations


- Axil capacity
- Lateral capacity
- Settlement

References:
(1) Braja M.Das, Principles of Geotechnical Engineering
(2) Braja M.Das, Principles of Foundation Engineering
(3) Joseph E. Bowles, Foundation Analysis & Design

(vi) Construction Technology


- Earthwork
- Masonry Construction
- Plain & RC Construction
- Shallow Foundation Systems & Pressed Pile Foundation
- Stairs
- Floors
- Roofings
- Ceilings
- Mix Design (ACI)

References:
(1) Books of Building Construction & Methods

(vii) Construction Materials


- Cement
- Aggregates
- Brick, Block and Stones
- Mortar
- Concrete
- Rainforcing Steel & Structural Steel
- Wood
- Wall, Floor, Roof & Ceiling Materials
References:
(1) Properties of Concrete, A.M.Neville
(2) Concrete Technology, A.M. Neville & J.J Brooks
(3) Building Materials in Civil Engineering, Haimei Zhang
(4) ASTM Standards
(5) ACI 318-02 & 08
(6) CQHP Guide Lines

(viii) Temporary Structural


(a) Earth Retaining Structures including temporary
structures - Gravity walls and cantilever walls
- Sheet pile walls
- Mechanically stabilized retaining
walls - Braced excavation

Page 10 of 19
(b) Shallow Foundations
- Brearing capacity
- Settlement

(c) Deep Foundations


- Axil capacity
- Lateral capacity
- Settlement
References:
(4) Braja M.Das, Principles of Geotechnical Engineering
(5) Braja M.Das, Principles of Foundation Engineering
(6) Joseph E. Bowles, Foundation Analysis & Design

(ix)Safety
- OHS Management System
- Construction Site Safety Management
- Work Activities and hazard
- Risk Control and Additional Control
- Calculation of OHSA Incident
Rate References:
(1) Safety Orientation Course
(2) Safety Supervisor Course
(3) All in One- Civil Engineering Breadth and Depth by Indranil Goswami
(4) PDP Hangout
(5) Construction Health & Safety Manual (New Edition-2003) by Construction Safety Assoiciation
of Onteria
(6) P.E Principles and Practice of Engineering By NCEES (Civil-Construction)

Page 11 of 19
4. Water Resources
(i) Estimate
(a) Types of Estimate, Sanction, Project
- Estimate
- Data, Rates
- Contingencies
- Preliminary Estimate
- Doors & Windows

(b) Equipment
- Operating Costs
- Depreciation
- Interest
- Ownership Costs

(c) Excavation
- Calculating Excavation
- Equipment
- Cut & Fill in the Same Grid
- Top Soil Removal
- General Excavation
- Special Excavation
- Back Filling
- Asphalt Paving

(d) Concrete
- Estimating Concrete
- Reinforcing
References
(1) Estimating & Costing in Civil Engineering, B.N. Duttal
(2) Estimating in Building Construction, Frank R.Dagostino, Steven J. Peterson

(ii) Construction Management


(a) Project Management & Integrated Management System
(b) Planning, Scheduling & Monitoring

References:
(1) Construction Methods & Management, S.W.Nunnally
(2) Project Management-The Managerial Process, E.W Larson, C.F. Gray
(3) Construction Process, Planning & Management, S.M. Levy

(iii)Geotechnical Engineering
(a) Subsurface Exploration and Sampling
- Drilling and sampling procedures
- Soil classification
- Boring log interpretation
- In situ testing

(b) Engineering Properties of Soils and Materials


- Index properties
- Phase relationships
- Permeability
- Shear strength properties

Page 12 of 19
(c) Soil Mechanics Analysis
- Pressure distribution
- Lateral earth pressure
- Consolidation
- Compaction
- Expansive soils
- Effective and Total stresses, pore water pressure
- Seepage

(1) Braja M.Das, Principles of Geotechnical Engineering


(2) Braja M.Das, Principles of Foundation Engineering
(3) Joseph E. Bowles, Foundation Analysis & Design

(iv) Water Resources Engineering


(a) HYDRAULICS
(1) Hydraulic-closed conduit
- Measurement of pressure (Atm: pr, Gauge pr, Absolute pr, Manometers)
- Fluid flow concepts (Types of flow, state of flow)
- Energy equation, Momentum equation)
- Flow measurements for pipe (Venturi meter, Orifice meter, pitot tube…..)
- Flow of fluid in pipe lines
- Hydraulic turbine (Pelton wheel)
- Pumps (Centrifugal pump)
(2) Hydraulic-open channel
- Types of flow/state of flow (Re, Fr)
- Best hydraulic section
- Velocity distribution
- Energy and momentum principles (specific energy (E) ,specific force, criteria for critical state of
flow)
- Local phenomenas (hydraulic jump, hydraulic drop)
- Channel design.
- Theory and analysis of Gradually Varied Flow
References
(1) J.F Douglas & R.D Matthews. Fluid Mechanics (vol.1 & vol.2)
(2) Frank M. White, Fluid Mechanics
(3) V.T. Chow, Open-Channel Hydraulics.

(b) HYDROLOGY
(1) Precipitation
3.1 Precipitation processes, measurement
3.2 Preparation of data, estimation of missing data, Hyetographs
3.3Average rainfall depth over an area
3.4 Test for consistency of record, double mass curve method of adjustment
3.5 Presentation of rainfall data, Mass rainfall curve and Hyetograph
3.6 Abstraction from Precipitation; Infiltration, percolation and interflow
(2) Evaporation and evapotranspiration
4.1 Factors affecting the evaporation process
4.2 Estimation of evaporation
4.3 Evaporation formulae

Page 13 of 19
4.4 Transpiration
4.5 Evapotranspiration
4.6 Evapotranspiration equations
(3) Surface Runoff
(A) Runoff
5.1 Rainfall-runoff correlation
5.2 Peak flow estimation using empirical methods
5.3 The rational method and its limitations
(B) Stream gauging
5.4 Different methods of streamflow measurement
5.5 Rating curves

(4) Hydrograph Analysis


6.1 Hydrographs
6.2 Unit hydrographs and their limitations
6.3 Changing unit hydrograph duration, S-curve and synthetic unit hydrograph method
6.4 Derivation of unit hydrographs from storms

References:
(1) Linsley, Kobler and Paulhus (1977): Hydrology for Engineers, McGraw-Hill Publishing.
(2) Hydrology Principles Analysis Design, H.M. Raghunath, 2nd edition. (2006)
(3) Water Resources Engineering, McGraw-Hill. Linsley, Kobler and Paulhus

(v) Water Supply & Sanitation Engineering


(a) Water Supply
Source of Water Supply
(1) Surface Water
(2) Ground Water
- Tapping of ground water supply: Drilling of deep well, well log, raw water quality

Water Treatment
(1) Water Quailty (Domestic) Physical,
Chemical, Bacteriological
(2) Treatment Flow Sheets
(3) Treatment Processes
(4) Disinifection

Water Distribution
(1) Population Equivalent (P.E)
(2) Water Demand
(3) Water Distribution System

(b) Sanitation
(1) Volume and Characteristic of domestic sewage (Soil Water/Waste Water)
(2) Collection Systems
(3) Treatment of sewage w.r.t required effluent quality
(a) On-site / Decentralized
(b) Off-site
(4) Treatment and Disposal of Sludge
(5) Chlorination of Sewage

Page 14 of 19
Rain Water
(i) Quantity / Volume of runoff
(ii) Collection and disposal

Solid waste (Domestic)


(1) Type of solid wastes
(2) Volume generated
(3) Collection and Disposal

(vi) Safety
- OHS Management System
- Construction Site Safety Management
- Work Activities and hazard
- Risk Control and Additional Control
- Calculation of OHSA
Incident Rate References:
(1) Safety Orientation Course
(2) Safety Supervisor Course
(3) All in One- Civil Engineering Breadth and Depth by Indranil Goswami
(4) PDP Hangout
(5) Construction Health & Safety Manual (New Edition-2003) by Construction Safety
Assoiciation of Onteria
(6) P.E Principles and Practice of Engineering By NCEES (Civil-Construction)

Page 15 of 19
5. Water Supply & Sanitation
(i) Estimate
(a) Types of Estimate, Sanction, Project
- Estimate
- Data, Rates
- Contingencies
- Preliminary Estimate
- Doors & Windows

(b) Equipment
- Operating Costs
- Depreciation
- Interest
- Ownership Costs

(c) Excavation
- Calculating Excavation
- Equipment
- Cut & Fill in the Same Grid
- Top Soil Removal
- General Excavation
- Special Excavation
- Back Filling
- Asphalt Paving

(d) Concrete
- Estimating Concrete
- Reinforcing
References
(1) Estimating & Costing in Civil Engineering, B.N. Duttal
(2) Estimating in Building Construction, Frank R.Dagostino, Steven J. Peterson

(ii) Construction Management


(a) Project Management & Integrated Management System
(b) Planning, Scheduling & Monitoring

References:
(1) Construction Methods & Management, S.W.Nunnally
(2) Project Management-The Managerial Process, E.W Larson, C.F. Gray
(3) Construction Process, Planning & Management, S.M. Levy

(iii)Geotechnical Engineering
(a) Subsurface Exploration and Sampling
- Drilling and sampling procedures
- Soil classification
- Boring log interpretation
- In situ testing

(b) Engineering Properties of Soils and Materials


- Index properties
- Phase relationships
- Permeability
- Shear strength properties
Page 16 of 19
(c) Soil Mechanics Analysis
- Pressure distribution
- Lateral earth pressure
- Consolidation
- Compaction
- Expansive soils
- Effective and Total stresses, pore water pressure
- Seepage

(1) Braja M.Das, Principles of Geotechnical Engineering


(2) Braja M.Das, Principles of Foundation Engineering
(3) Joseph E. Bowles, Foundation Analysis & Design

(iv) Water Resources Engineering


HYDRAULICS
(a)Hydraulic-closed conduit
- Measurement of pressure (Atm: pr, Gauge pr, Absolute pr, Manometers)
- Fluid flow concepts (Types of flow, state of flow)
- Energy equation, Momentum equation)
- Flow measurements for pipe (Venturi meter, Orifice meter, pitot tube…..)
- Pumps (Centrifugal pump)
(b) Hydraulic-open channel
- Types of flow/state of flow (Re, Fr)
- Best hydraulic section
- Velocity distribution
- Energy and momentum principles (specific energy (E) ,specific force, criteria for critical state of
flow)
- Local phenomenas (hydraulic jump, hydraulic drop)
- Channel design.

(1) J.F Douglas & R.D Matthews. Fluid Mechanics (vol.1 & vol.2)
(2) Frank M. White, Fluid Mechanics
(3) V.T. Chow, Open-Channel Hydraulics.

HYDROLOGY
(a) Precipitation
3.1 Precipitation processes, measurement
3.2 Preparation of data, estimation of missing data, Hyetographs
3.3Average rainfall depth over an area
3.4 Abstraction from Precipitation; Infiltration, percolation and interflow

(b) Evaporation and evapotranspiration


4.1 Factors affecting the evaporation process
4.2 Estimation of evaporation
4.3 Evaporation formulae
4.4 Transpiration
4.5 Evapotranspiration

Page 17 of 19
(c) Surface Runoff
(1) Runoff
5.1 Rainfall-runoff correlation
5.2 Peak flow estimation using empirical methods
5.3 The rational method and its limitations

(2) Stream gauging


5.4 Different methods of streamflow measurement
5.5 Rating curves

(d) Hydrograph Analysis


6.1 Hydrographs
6.2 Unit hydrographs and their limitations
6.3 Changing unit hydrograph duration, S-curve and synthetic unit hydrograph method

(e) Flood Analysis


9.1. Definition, causes and effects of floods
9.2. Flood prediction and design flood
9.3. Methods of mitigating floods
9.4. Flood routing
References:
(1) Linsley, Kobler and Paulhus (1977): Hydrology for Engineers, McGraw-Hill Publishing.
(2) Hydrology Principles Analysis Design, H.M. Raghunath, 2nd edition. (2006)
(3) Water Resources Engineering, McGraw-Hill. Linsley, Kobler and Paulhus

(v) Water Supply & Sanitation Engineering


(a) Water Supply
Source of Water Supply
(1) Surface Water
(2) Ground Water
- Tapping of ground water supply: Drilling of deep well, well log, raw water quality

Water Treatment
(1) Water Quailty (Domestic) Physical,
Chemical, Bacteriological
(2) Treatment Flow Sheets
(3) Treatment Processes
(4) Disinifection

Water Distribution
(1) Population Equivalent (P.E)
(2) Water Demand
(3) Water Distribution System

(b) Sanitation
(1) Volume and Characteristic of domestic sewage (Soil Water/Waste Water)
(2) Collection Systems
(3) Treatment of sewage w.r.t required effluent quality
(c) On-site / Decentralized
(d) Off-site
(4) Treatment and Disposal of Sludge
(5) Chlorination of Sewage

Page 18 of 19
Rain Water
(1) Quantity / Volume of runoff
(2) Collection and disposal

Solid waste (Domestic)


(1) Type of solid wastes
(2) Volume generated
(3) Collection and Disposal

(vi) Safety
- OHS Management System
- Construction Site Safety Management
- Work Activities and hazard
- Risk Control and Additional Control
- Calculation of OHSA Incident
Rate References:
(1) Safety Orientation Course
(2) Safety Supervisor Course
(3) All in One- Civil Engineering Breadth and Depth by Indranil Goswami
(4) PDP Hangout
(5) Construction Health & Safety Manual (New Edition-2003) by Construction Safety Assoiciation
of Onteria
(6) P.E Principles and Practice of Engineering By NCEES (Civil-Construction)

Page 19 of 19