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Abstinence: ​The fact or practice of restraining oneself from indulging in something,

typically alcohol.

2. Infertility: Inability to conceive children or young.

3. Estrogen: any of a group of steroid hormones that promote the development and

maintenance of female characteristics of the body. Such hormones are also produced

artificially for use in oral contraceptives or to treat menopausal and menstrual disorders.

4. Progesterone: a steroid hormone released by the corpus luteum that stimulates the

uterus to prepare for pregnancy.

5. Tubal Ligation: a surgical procedure for female sterilization that involves severing and

tying the fallopian tubes.

6. Vasectomy: he surgical cutting and sealing of part of each vas deferens, typically as a

means of sterilization.

7. Hormonal Methods: ​Hormonal contraception refers to birth control ​methods that

act on the endocrine system. Almost all ​methods are composed of steroid

hormones​, although in India one selective estrogen receptor modulator is

marketed as a contraceptive.

8. Barrier Methods:a method of contraception using a device or preparation that

prevents live sperm from reaching an ovum.

9. Pap Smear: ​a test carried out on a sample of cells from the cervix to check for

abnormalities that may be indicative of cervical cancer.

10. Menarche: the first occurrence of menstruation.

11. Pandemic: (of a disease) prevalent over a whole country or the world.

12. Epidemic: a widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a

particular time.
13. Opportunistic Infections: ​An ​opportunistic infection is an ​infection caused by

pathogens (bacteria, viruses, fungi, or protozoa) that take advantage of an

opportunity not normally available, such as a host with a weakened immune

system, an altered microbiota (such as a disrupted gut microbiota), or breached

integumentary barriers.

14. T-cells: a lymphocyte of a type produced or processed by the thymus gland and

actively participating in the immune response.

15. CD4 Cells: In molecular biology, ​CD4 (cluster of differentiation 4) is a

glycoprotein found on the surface of immune ​cells such as T helper ​cells​,

monocytes, macrophages, and dendritic ​cells​.

16. Thrush: a small or medium-sized songbird, typically having a brown back,

spotted breast, and loud song.

17. Lymph Nodes: each of a number of small swellings in the lymphatic system

where lymph is filtered and lymphocytes are formed.

18. Incubation Period: ​the period over which eggs, cells, etc., are incubated.

19. Asymptomatic Stage: ​In medicine, a disease is considered ​asymptomatic if a

patient is a carrier for a disease or infection but experiences no symptoms. A

condition might be ​asymptomatic if it fails to show the noticeable symptoms with

which it is usually associated. ​Asymptomatic infections are also called

subclinical infections.

20. Kaposi Sarcoma: ​Kaposi sarcoma​: A relatively rare type of skin malignancy that

tends to afflict elderly people or, those with an abnormal immune system as in
AIDS. ... Born in Austro-Hungary, ​Kaposi first identified this skin cancer in older

Italian and Eastern European Jewish men.