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ENGLISH FOR

BRAZILIANS

1
SEVERINO CARLOS DA SILVA
ANUSKA KARLA VAZ DA SILVA
SEVERINO CARLOS DA SILVA
ANUSKA KARLA VAZ DA SILVA

ENGLISH FOR
BRAZILIANS

EDUPE 2019
Universidade de Pernambuco – UPE – 2019
Copyright Severino Carlos da Silva
Este livro não pode ser reproduzido por qualquer
meio sem autorização do autor

ISBN 978-85-7856-100-0

Impresso no Brasil – Tiragem 1.500 exemplares

EDUPE

Av. Agamenon Magalhães s/n – Santo Amaro Recife/PE


– CEP: 50.100-010 – Fone: (81) 3183-3724
Caros alunos,

O compromisso com a educação de todos que compõem a sociedade reflete a


prática fiel e cotidiana do exercício da cidadania.
Nós, que fazemos a Universidade de Pernambuco (UPE), buscamos, em nosso dia a dia,
através da implantação de projetos e de outros procedimentos, honrar esses
compromissos com vistas a inserir o homem em seu contexto social, celebrando a sua
dignidade, promovendo ações que resultem na construção do homem pelo próprio
homem.

Respaldada nesses propósitos e fundamentos, a UPE, através do Instituto de


Apoio à Universidade de Pernambuco (IAUPE), persiste numa caminhada crescente,
voltada a ampliar conhecimentos especificamente nas áreas de línguas e de tecnologia
da informação, por estar ciente da relevância que essas assumem na
contemporaneidade.

Com esse objetivo, foi criado, em 2002, o Programa de Línguas e Informática


(Prolinfo), atividade de extensão universitária que oportuniza o acesso à educação aos
pernambucanos. A oferta de cursos nas áreas de Português para concursos e
vestibulares (Prolinfo Aprova), Inglês para crianças (Prolinfinho) e para adultos,
Espanhol, Informática, além de pós-graduações lato sensu, comprova os princípios e a
filosofia que permeiam o perfil de uma Universidade visivelmente comprometida com
a excelência em todos os segmentos de que é partícipe.

Ao mesmo tempo em que tem a missão de contribuir com a nova sociedade do


conhecimento, o Prolinfo atua como campo de prática pedagógica a alunos de
graduação e pós-graduação que desejam ter a experiência em sala de aula. São
professores acompanhados diariamente por uma equipe de coordenadores, todos
dedicados a um só propósito: que você, aluno, construa o seu aprendizado da forma
mais completa possível.

A sua participação em nosso Programa muito nos alegra. É uma honra, para
nós, fazer parte dessa longa, árdua e gratificante jornada que é a educação.

Boas aulas!

Prof. MS. Carlos Silva


Coordenador-geral do Prolinfo
C ON TENT S

Unit 1: First Class…………………………………………………………………………………….07


Vocabulary: Greetings .....................................................................................................................................08
Grammar: The Verb To Be .............................................................................................................................11

Unit 2: Introducing Friends ......................................................................................................................12


Vocabulary: Jobs ..................................................................................................................................................13
Grammar: Possessive Adjectives ................................................................................................................14
Articles: A/AN ...................................................................................................................................15
Demonstratives Pronouns .........................................................................................................16
Plural of Nouns ...............................................................................................................................16

Unit 3: I’m From Helsink, Finland ........................................................................................................19


Vocabulary: Countries and Nationalities...............................................................................................20
Grammar: The Verb There to Be…….………………………………………………………………………...22

Unit 4: What Are You Wearing?..............................................................................................................23


Vocabulary: Clothes ...........................................................................................................................................23
Colors ................................................................................................................................................24
Grammar: Present Continuous ....................................................................................................................25
Vocabulary: Weather Conditions ...............................................................................................................26

Review of Units 1-4 ...........................................................................................................................................28

Unit 5: The Sun Is Shining ..........................................................................................................................30


Grammar: Present Continuous……………………………………………………………………………34
Possessive Nouns ........................................................................................................................35
Vocabulary: Days of the Week .....................................................................................................................35
Grammar: Conjunctions .................................................................................................................................36
Reading: Liza’s Illness .......................................................................................................................................36
John’s Illness………………………………………………………………………………… …………..37

Unit 6: Means of Transportation .........................................................................................................38


Vocabulary: Transportation .........................................................................................................................38
Grammar: Simple Present ..............................................................................................................................39
Reading: Patch Adams’ Ordinary Day .....................................................................................................43

Unit 7: Hobbies ....................................................................................................................................................44


Vocabulary: Movies, Sports and Music ...................................................................................................44
Grammar: Adverbs of Frequency ..............................................................................................................45

Review of Units 5-8 ..........................................................................................................................................48


Unit 8: Can You Play Soccer? ....................................................................................................................51
Grammar: Can ........................................................................................................................................................51
Questions with Can …………………………………………………………………………... 52
Reading: Job Interviews ...................................................................................................................................55

Homework Activities ....................................................................................................................................56

Lesson 1.....................................................................................................................................................................57

Lesson 2.....................................................................................................................................................................59

Lesson 3.....................................................................................................................................................................61

Lesson 4.....................................................................................................................................................................64

Lesson 5.....................................................................................................................................................................66

Song: JOHN LENNON – Imagine .................................................................................................................68

Lesson 6.....................................................................................................................................................................69

Lesson 7.....................................................................................................................................................................72

Lesson 8.....................................................................................................................................................................74

Song: LOUIS ARMSTRONG – What a Wonderful World ..............................................................76


Unit 1
First Class

Listen and Practice

Teacher: Good morning, students!


Students: Morning, teacher!
Teacher: Hum! That’s OK. Let me introduce myself to all of you. My name is Markus
Harlem, I am thirty years old and I live near here. And I am your new Spanish teacher.
Students: Nice to meet you teacher.
Student 1: My name is Tarja Turunen, I am thirteen years old and... I don’t
like Spanish very much…
Teacher: I don’t think that’s funny.
Tarja: Sorry teacher, it’s a joke.
Teacher: That’s OK. Is your last name Turunen?
Tarja: Yes, teacher.
Teacher: How do you spell your last name?
Tarja: It’s T – U – R – U – N – E – N.
Teacher: OK! Let’s start class.

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1. Greetings. Listen and repeat.

*It’s nice to meet you. *Good morning.


*See you soon. *Good afternoon.
*See you tomorrow. *Good evening.
*See you later. *Good night.
*Goodbye. *So long
*Bye-bye. *Have a nice day

2. Structure. Introducing yourself and asking for names:

*I am Tarja Turunen. What’s your name?


*I’m Andrew. Nice to meet you.
Now do it in pairs!

3. The alphabet. Listen and repeat.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M
Êi bi si di i éf dji êitch ái djei kêi él ém

N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
én ou pi kiu áre és ti iu vi dabôuiu éks wái zi

4. Now, how do you spell your name? Do it in pairs.

Example: What’s your name?


I am Tarja. T – A – R – J - A.

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5. Oral exercise. Spell the names below:

morning car dress relative flower pink


Fine sweet prefer parents door wonderful

6. Numbers. Listen and repeat.

1- one 11- eleven 30- thirty


2- two 12- twelve 40- forty
3- three 13- thirteen 50- fifty
4- four 14- fourteen 60- sixty
5- five 15- fifteen 70- seventy
6- six 16- sixteen 80- eighty
7- seven 17- seventeen 90- ninety
8- eight 18- eighteen 100- one hundred
9- nine 19- nineteen 1000-one thousand
10- ten 20- twenty

7. Ages

How old are you?


I’m 17 years-old.

8. Phone numbers

What’s your phone number?


It’s 3033-7384

9. Oral exercise

Now, use the questions below to make a conversation with your partner.

o What’s your name?


o How do you spell your last name?
o How old are you?
o What’s your cell phone number?

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- Same meaning

How are you? = How are you doing?


You’re welcome. = That’s OK! = Don’t mention it. = Not at all.

10. Tarja Turunen. Listen and practice.

Hello! My name is Tarja Turunen. Just call me Tarja. I’m from Finland. My city is
not so big. I’m 13 years old and my birthday is on August 17. I’m very good at
singing. I like classical music very much. What about you? What are your interests?

Answer these questions:

o Is Tarja from England?


o Is Tarja’s city small?
o Is she a good singer?
o What’s her favorite kind of music?
o How old is she?
o When is her birthday?

Match according to Tarja:

(1) Tarja is good at ( ) Finland


(2) Tarja is her ( ) singing
(3) Tarja is from ( ) her favorite kind of music
(4) Classical music is ( ) first name

Now do the same as Tarja did. Say a little about you out loud.

Complete the following categories with information about yourself.


NAME:
SURNAME:
AGE:
OCCUPATION:
PHONE
NUMBER:
TOWN:
COUNTRY:
FRIENDS:
HOBBY:
PETS:

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11. Grammar Box: The Verb To Be

affirmative negative interrogative

I am I am Am I
You are You are Are you
He He Is he
She | is | here She | is | not | here Is | she | here ?
It It Is it
We We Are we
You are You are Are you
They They Are they

Remember: contractions.

is + not = isn’t are + not = aren’t

12. In pairs, ask your partner the questions below. Follow the
examples.

EXAMPLES:
Student1: Are you an architect?
Student2: No, I’m not an architect.

Student2: Is your father clever?


Student 1: Yes, he is very clever.

QUESTIONS FOR STUDENT 1 QUESTIONS FOR STUDENT 2


o Is your best friend a sailor? o Are your parents famous people?
o Are you a nurse? o Are you a doctor?
o Is your mother a babysitter? o Is your best friend a teacher?
o Are your friends students? o Is Brad Pitt a good actor?
o Are you a teacher? o Are you a good cook?
o Is Maurício de Souza a writer? o Is your mother a housewife?
o Are your parents nice? o Are your relatives talkative?
o Is your grandmother a maid? o Is your mother lovely?

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Unit 2
Introducing Friends

Listen and Practice

Tarja: Hello, Betty! How are you?


Betty: Hi, my dear! I’m very well thanks! Tarja this is an old friend of mine!
His name is Jack. He is a doctor.
Jack: Hi, I’m glad to know you.
Tarja: How do you do? It’s a pleasure to know you, too. I can’t believe,
you are a doctor, too!
Jack: Yes, I am.
Betty: Please, don’t talk about any medicine, OK?
Tarja: It’s a beautiful day, isn’t it? So, let’s take a walk around.

1. Structure

Introducing someone, talking about peoples’ names, ages and professions.

Betty: This is Tarja. She’s my friend.

Jack: It’s nice to meet you!

Tarja: how are you?

Jack: Fine.

2. Practice the conversation above in groups of three.

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3. Vocabulary: Jobs. Listen and repeat.

Taxi Driver Receptionist Doctor

Postman Nurse Waiter

Now, practice with a partner:

o What do you do?


o What’s your occupation?
o Who is Jim Carrey?
o What are your parents’ jobs?
o Who is Katy Perry?
o What does your father do?
o Who are Madonna and Britney Spears?

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4. Oral review. Make a conversation with your partner using these
questions below:

o What’s your name?


o Where do you live?
o What do you do?
o What’s your phone number?
o How old are you?
o How do you spell your last name?
o How many brothers and sisters do you have?

5. Grammar Box: possessive adjectives. See the relation between the personal
pronoun and the possessive adjective.

I | have My
You Your
He His
She | has | a | house . Her | house | is | big.
It Its
We Our
You | have Your
They Their

Remember: you always have a noun after a possessive adjective.

6. Exercise. Fill in the blanks using a possessive adjective:

a) Ann is 18. ______________ birthday is in June.


b) I’m a kid. ______________ age is ten.
c) Paul has a car. ______________ car is new.
d) Mary has two children. _______________ names are Lígia and Daisy.
e) My house is beautiful. _______________ colour is white.
f) _______________ father is overseas. We miss him.
g) You study at PROLINFO. _______________ English is good.
h) She’s my mother. ________________ name is Diana.
i) Joana has a boyfriend. ______________ eyes are brown.
j) Recife is an old city. ______________ people are wonderful.

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7. Answer these questions in pairs:

o Is your teacher 48 years old?


o Are you a student?
o Are you an adult?
o Is Brazil in South America?
o Are the Titãs a rock group?
o Are you 20 years old?
o Is your mother a good cook?
o Is Robert Downey Jr. a good actor?

8. Grammar Box: Articles a/an

It’s a book. John is in a hotel


I am an English teacher. an hour ago
He is a student.

Remember: use a before a consonant


sound. Use an before a vowel
sound.

9. Complete with a or an:

a) He is ___________ president.
b) It is ___________ joke.
c) She is___________ actress.
d) James is ___________ good boy.
e) Recife is ___________ interesting place to visit.
f) Prince William is ___________ heir.
g) She called you ___________ hour ago.
h) Will you stay in ___________ hotel?
i) We have ________ hour left.
j) There is __________ hostel near here.

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10. Grammar Box: Demonstratives

singular this/that

What’s this? What’s that?


It’s a pencil. It is a book
This is a pencil. That’s a book.

plural these/those

What are these? What are those?


They are pencils. They are books.
These are pencils. Those are books.

11. Grammar Box: Plural of Nouns

student |s boy | s

tomato secretary | ies


bus
dish | es
beach
box

Remember: some irregular nouns.

man men wife wives


woman women leaf leaves
child | children ox oxen
person persons/people
foot feet

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12. Vocabulary II: objects in the classroom. Listen and repeat.

Pen Door Pencil

Fan Wastebasket Scissors

- Write the answers for these questions using the demonstratives

a) What’s that?

______________________________________________

b) What’s this?

______________________________________________

c) What are these?

_____________________________________________

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d) What are those?

_____________________________________________

e) What’s this?

_____________________________________________

f) What are these?

_____________________________________________

g)What’s that?

_____________________________________________

h)What’s this?

_____________________________________________

i)What are those?

_____________________________________________

Ask your partner two questions using this/that.

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Unit 3
I’m from Helsinki, Finland

Listen and Practice

Today is the first Tarja’s singing class. She doesn’t know anybody and she is looking
for some information. It’s 03:30 p.m. But at this moment someone is coming to greet
her...

Tuomas: Good afternoon, my name is Tuomas Holopainen, I am looking for


some information about the music course.
Tarja: Good afternoon! Hey guy we are at the same situation, because I am
looking for some information, too.
Tuomas: Hey girl! I bet you’re not from here ‘cause your English has a French

accent. Where are you from? Are you from France?


Tarja: I am from the Earth Planet, I am not a French girl. I am from
Finland!
Tuomas: Don’t be nervous!
Tarja: OK! But I can’t stand it anymore to answer always the same
question. Where are you from...?

1. Structure

Where are you from? Where is she from?


I’m from Peru. I’m Peruvian. She is from Scotland. She’s Scottish.

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2. Countries and Nationalities. Listen and repeat.

COUNTRY NATIONALITY COUNTRY NATIONALITY

ARGENTINIAN RUSSIAN
ARGENTINA RUSSIA

PERUVIAN BOLIVIAN
PERU BOLIVIA

AMERICAN MEXICAN
UNITED STATES MEXICO

CHINESE JAPANESE

CHINA JAPAN

ITALIAN SPANISH
ITALY SPAIN

PORTUGUESE CANADIAN
PORTUGAL CANADA

CUBAN GERMAN
CUBA GERMANY

AUSTRALIAN ENGLISH
AUSTRALIA ENGLAND

FRENCH COLOMBIAN
FRANCE COLOMBIA

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Think of two famous people from different countries and say where
they are from and their nationalities. Follow the example.

Shakira is from Colombia, so she is Colombian.

3. Find out the nationalities for these celebrities below using the
words in the box.

French – African – Argentinian – American – Brazilian – Spanish

Russian – Colombian – English – Italian – Chinese - German

a) Madonna g) Jackie Chan


b) Mandela h) Laura Pausini
c) Carlos Gardel i) Pedro Almodóvar
d) Gilberto Freyre j) Beethoven
e) Jacques Costeau k) Beatles
f) Boris Yeltsin l) Shakira

4. Complete the conversation in pairs.

A: Where________________ you from?


B: _______________ from Canada. _______________ Canadian.
A: Where_________________ Canada exactly?
B: _________________ in North America.
A: Karen, where ________________ Zidane from?
B: He ________________ from France.
A: And where _______________ the Beatles from?
B: I think __________________ from England.

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5. Grammar Box: The Verb There to Be

Singular: there is Plural: there are

affirmative statements negative statements


There is a very famous statue in New York. There isn’t a very famous statue in New York.
In Brazil, there are many different kinds of food. In Brazil, there are many diferent kinds of food.
yes / no questions
Is there a a great monument in your country? How many states are there in your country?
Yes, there is./ No, there isn’t There are twenty seven.
Are there beatiful beaches in your state? How many museums are there in your city?
Yes, there are./No, there aren’t There’s only one.

5. Oral exercise

-Now, answer the questions below about countries:

o How many countries are there in South America?


o Is there a big country in South America?
o How many states are there in the USA?
o Are there many beautiful places to see in Canada?
o What famous monuments are there in Mexico?

6.Unscramble the words.

a) is / palce / a / there / nice / to / in / city / your / visit


________________________________________________________________ ?

b) Brazil / in / of / there / diferent / are / kinds / food


_________________________________________________________________

c) Is / there / not / place / to / a / great / go


__________________________________________________________________

d) Only / are / there / three / countries / North America / in


__________________________________________________________________

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Unit 4
What are you wearing?

Listen and Practice

Kevin: It’s nice to talk to you on the phone. I am really very exciting for
this date.
Eduarda: Me, too. Kevin, I am so shy. I can’t believe that I am talking
to you...
Kevin: Wow! My honey, don’t get anxious to meet me.
Eduarda: OK, darling.
Kevin: Eduarda, please, tell me what are you wearing, now?
Eduarda: I am wearing a tight black dress, and you?
Kevin: I am wearing black pants and...

1. Vocabulary: Clothes. Listen and repeat.

Shoe Pants
Socks

Shorts Jacket
Dress
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2. Colors.

Make up two questions using the information below. Follow the


example.

Example: pants/yellow.  Are these pants yellow?

o blouse/dark blue
o hat/black
o belt/silver
o shorts/light green
o t-shirt/gray

3. Ask your partner:


o What color is your T-shirt?
o What color do you like the most?
o What color are your shoes?
o What color is your belt?
o What color is your house?
o What color are your pants?

4. Ask your partner what he/she is wearing. (Do not forget


to include the colors!) Follow the example:

Student 1: What are you wearing?

Student 2: I’m wearing an orange blouse, a black skirt, a colorful belt and orange
sandals.

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5. Grammar Box: Present Continuous

affirmative statements negative statements

I am I am
You are You are
He He
She | is | drink | ing ? She | is | not | drink | ing
It It
We We
You are You are
They They

yes/no questions information questions

Am I am I
Are you are you
he What he
Is | she | play | ing ? Why | is | she | do | ing ?
It How often it
We we
Are you are you
They they

Remember: you use the present continuous to refer about actions that
are happening right now.

6. Grammar Box: Present Continuous


Some Verb Spelling Rules

wear - wearing carry - carrrying


have - having stop - stopping
be - being forget - forgetting
buy - buying visit - visiting
lie - lying

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7. Ask your partner these questions and then take notes of
their answers.

o Are you wearing a jacket?


o What are you doing right now?
o Why are you studying English?
o What is your teacher wearing?
o Who are you talking to?
o Where is your father now?

8. Weather Conditions

What’s the weather like?

It’s cloudy. It’s sunny.

It’s raining It’s snowing

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9. Describe the weather conditions.

a. b.

c. d.

e.

a. _______________________________________________________________________
b. _______________________________________________________________________
c. _______________________________________________________________________
d. _______________________________________________________________________
e. _______________________________________________________________________

10. Ask your partner:

o What’s the weather like today?


o What’s your favorite weather?
o What is the weather like in Alaska?
o What is the best weather to go on a date?

27
Review from Lesson 1 to 4
1- Match the questions to the answers:

a) What’s your name? ( ) It’s blue and black.


b) Where are you from? ( ) It’s an address book.
c) Where is the TV? ( ) They are notebooks
d) What do you do? ( ) It’s sunny and warm
e) How do you spell Patch? ( ) I’m Patch Adams
f) What are you wearing today? ( ) I’m from Cuba
g) What’s the weather like? ( ) I’m a movie actor
h) What are these? ( ) It’s P- A- T- C- H
i) What’s this? ( ) I’m wearing blouse and shorts
j) What color is your blouse? ( ) It’s next to the sofa.

2- Complete the sentences.

a) I’m from ___________________, so I am Cuban.


b) I’m from Italy, so I’m________________________.
c) Paul is from_____________________, so he’s Spanish.
d) Jane is from England, so she is ________________________.

3- Fill in the blanks with the words from the box.

am – live – she – her – favorite – doctor – helping

Hi, I’m Patch Adams. I’m a _______________________ and I _________________ in The U.S.A.
My _____________________ hobby is ___________________ people. I live with my wife.
__________________ name is Linda. ___________________is very beautiful. I
__________________58 years old.

4- Change to negative and interrogative forms:

a) I am wearing shoes.
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________

b) She is wearing boots and shorts.


__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________

c) They are from England.


__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________

28
5- Make sentences using the information below. Add the nationality.

Who is that girl? (Karen – Canada)


She is Karen. She’s from Canada and she is Canadian.

a) Who’s that boy? (Alex / England)


_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

b) Who’s that woman? (Meg / Australia)


_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

c) Who are those people? (Fred and Bill / Canada)


_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

d) Who are those students? (My relatives / Brazil)


_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

6- Unscramble the words to write sentences.

a) ______________________________________________________________________________________
(her- not- is- actress- mother- an)

b) ________________________________________________________________________ ______________
(your - a computer programmer? - is- sister)

7- Make questions to the answers:

a) ______________________________________________________________________________________?
Tony is wearing boots.

b) _________________________________________________________________________________________?
Jim’s watching TV in the bedroom.

c) ______________________________________________________________________________________?
I’m going home.

d) _____________________________________________________________________________________?
They are Polish.

29
Unit 5
The sun is shining
Listen and Practice

Tarja and Tuomas are good friends. They agree a picnic this afternoon ’cause there is
a beautiful day outside. Do you agree?

Tuomas: So, Tarja, here we are at this amazing place. The sun is shining
so bright, there are a lot of birds singing a special song to us and
the wind is blowing warmly.

Tarja: Mother Nature is fantastic. God knows how I love it! Take a
look right there. The waterfalls! We can feel the scent of life!

Tuomas: How romantic this place is, but I am so hungry. Let’s have lunch.

Tarja: Good idea my darling. I am hungry, too.

Tuomas: Can you help me with the basket?

Tarja: Yes, I can, Tuomas.

Tuomas: Can you see the lake over there?

Tarja: Can we swim after having picnic?

Tuomas: Why not? We can do what we want to do.

(Tarja is smiling now)

Tuomas: Ok! It’s time to have lunch.

Tarja: What time is it?

Tuomas: It’s almost twelve o’clock. Let’s go!

30
1. Structure. What time is it?

It is four fifteen It is seven thirty

It is four o’clock. It is a quarter past four It is half past seven

It is seven forty-five It is ten five. It is two-fifty.


It is fifteen to eight It is five past ten. It is ten to three.
It is a quarter to eight

2. Now, what time is it? (write the time in english)

a) 02:15 ___________________________________________________
b) 03:00 ___________________________________________________
c) 06:25 ___________________________________________________
d) 09:55 ___________________________________________________
e) 09:45 ___________________________________________________
f) 08:30 ___________________________________________________
g) 01:05 ___________________________________________________
h) 11:25 ___________________________________________________
i) 12:00 ___________________________________________________
j) 05:50 ___________________________________________________

31
Ask your partner:

o What time is it right now?


o What time do you have breakfast on weekends?
o What time do you have lunch ?
o What time do you go to bed?

3. Grammar Box: Twelve o’clock.

It is twelve o’clock

* The picture above shows two way to say the time:


*12: 00 AM. Twelve o’clock at night. (Midnight)
*12: 00 PM. Twelve o’clock in the afternoon. (Noon/Midday)

4. Written exercise. Write the times according to the clocks.

____________________________________ ____________________________________

5. Periods of the day:

In the morning In the afternoon At night

32
6. Progressive Actions. Listen and repeat.

I am studying I am walking I am sleeping I am dancing


I am speaking I am getting up I am swimming I am cooking

Other progressive actions:

He’s studying She’s walking the dog They’re having dinner

He’s running He’s taking a shower She’s sweeping the floor

He’s writing a poem He’s yelling They’re talking

7. Pair work: Ask your partner questions including the information


in the box. Follow the example:

cleaning the house – going to school – visiting friends

watching TV – going to work – driving around

A: Is the teacher using a computer right now?


B: No, he isn’t. He’s talking to a girl right now.

33
9. Grammar Box: Present Continuous.
10.

affirmative/negative

I am watching TV, I’m not eating popcorn.


You are studying. You’re not watching TV.
He is having lunch. He’s not running .
She is watching a movie. She’s not talking on the phone.

9. Exercise:

I - Say affirmative and negative sentences using the verbs


below and the present continuous tense.

o walk / drink water


o swim / wear bath suit
o study / write
o clean the house / listen to music
o do the laundry / yell

II - Unscramble the words to write sentences:

a) cooking / pie / mom / is ?


_____________________________________________________________________________________

b) Helen / in the park / are / Joseph / running / and


_____________________________________________________________________________________

c) now / not / My / is / father / the computer / using


_____________________________________________________________________________________

d) hugging / her / the girl / is / brother


_____________________________________________________________________________________

e) and / Carl / baking / not / Sue / a / are / cake


_______________________________________________________________________________________

34
10. Grammar Box: Possessive Nouns.

singular nouns: add ’s Tino’s apartment


My father’s grandpa is a movie star

plural nouns: add ’ Your friends’ families live downtown


His cousins’ teachers are Brazilians

Plural irregular nouns: add ’s It’s a children’s game


People’s schedule is busy

11. Exercise. Translate to English using possessive nouns:

a) A blusa de Natália é verde escuro.


b) O carro de Williams é confortável.
c) A tia de Maria é Ana.
d) A casa dos meus pais fica em Goiana.
e) O nome da minha professora é Luiza.

Grammar Box: possessive nouns.

Remember: Fred and Barney’s car is old.


Fred’s and Barney’s cars are old.

12. Vocabulary: Days of the week. Listen and repeat.

35
13. Grammar Box: Conjunctions.

and – also – but – because

I’m dancing now, but I’m not drinking. I’m not studying because it’s late.
John iseating and listening to music. I’m also reading this morning.

Remember: a conjunction is a kind of word that connects words, phrases,


and clauses in a sentence.

Answer these questions about your activities during the week. Use
conjunctions.

o What are you doing next Saturday?


o What are you doing on Friday night?
o Are you watching a video on Saturday morning?
o What are you doing on Monday afternoon?
o Is your best friend dancing tonight?

Ask your partner:

o What is your favorite day?


o What are you doing next Friday night?
o What is your best friend doing on Saturday morning?
o What are your classmates doing now?

14 – Reading

Liza’s Illness
Liza is staying in Patch Adams’ hospital for about a month. She is
working in the United States and she is living there alone. She had a terrible car
accident and she almost died. Hope, her sister, is coming from Italy to visit her
this weekend. Liza is looking forward to seeing her dear sister.

36
15. Answer the questions:

o How long is Liza staying in the hospital?


o What’s Liza doing in the United States?
o Is she with a friend?
o When is Hope visiting her?
o What happened to Liza?
o Is Liza missing Hope?

Read the text below out loud.

John’s Illness
John is not feeling well. This afternoon, his mother is taking him to the
hospital for a check-up. His sister, Julie is also feeling bad. Julie is working too
much while John is studying a lot. Their mother, Molly is very worried about
them. Molly believes they have to relax more and do other activities, for
example: going to the movies, parks, theaters etc. Their father, Arnold, is coming
back home this weekend. Arnold is also worried and he’s planning to talk to his
kids about all of this. Molly is looking forward to seeing Arnold.

Make up 5 questions about the text above and then answer


them orally.

37
Unit 6

Means of Transportation
Listen and Practice

Tarja: Hello, Jack. What’s the matter?

Jack: I have a flat tire!

Tarja: How do you go to work now?

Jack: It’s so far to take a walk. I think I’m going to take the subway, or a
bus. I am not sure.

Tarja: But I can help you with the tire.

Jack: Can you? Thank you very much.

Tarja: That´s OK!

1. Vocabulary: Transportation. Listen and repeat.

Car Bicycle Bus

Boat Train Airplane

38
2. Grammar Box: Simple Present.

yes/no questions

I he
Do | you | like | English? Does | she | eat | a lot?
we it
they

short answers
I I he he
Yes, | you | do No, | you | don’t Yes, | she | does No, | she | doesn’t
we we it it
they they

3. Grammar Box: Simple Present.

complete answers

I he
Yes, | you| like English Yes, | she | likes English
we it
they

I he
No, | you| don’t like English. No, | she | doesn’t like English
we it
they

4. Now, complete the sentences using the correct verb form:

a) I________________ with my parents. (live / lives)

b) We_______________ downtown. (live / lives)

c) My parents_________________ an apartment. (has / have)

d) I________________ to work. (walk / walks)

39
e) I________________ need a car. (doesn’t / don’t)

f) My mother __________________ walk to work. (don’t / doesn’t)

g) She _________________ public transportation. (use/ uses)

h) She _________________the subway. (take / takes)

i) My father is retired, so he__________________ have a job. (don’t / doesn’t)

j) He_________________ television all day. (watch / watches)

k) I__________________ two brothers and a sister. (has / have)

l) My sister__________________ a husband and five children. ( has / have)

m) They ____________________ in a house in the city. (live / lives)

n) Their children ___________________ to school by bus. (go / goes)

o) My brothers__________________ an apartment downtown. (have / has)

p) He__________________ live alone. (don’t / doesn’t)

q) He__________________ with his girlfriend. (live / lives)

r) He also__________________ public transportation. (uses / use)

s) He_________________ to work by bus. (go/ goes)

5.Follow the model below and say a little about your family:

I’m Jim. I live with my parents downtown. I have two brothers and a sister. Their
names are Michael, Paul and Michelle. Michelle has a car…

40
6. Listen to your teacher and repeat the spelling pronunciation
as many times as you need to learn:

Spelling and pronunciation of the third person of singular:

/S/ /Z/ /IZ/


walk - walks swim - swims close - closes
speak - speaks live - lives watch - watches
work - works open - opens use - uses

7. Grammar Box: Simple Present information questions.

Who do you live with I live with my parents.


Why does Phil go walking Because the sun is shining.
What do they do at night ? They study music at night.
When does Anna watch TV She watches TV on Sundays.
Where do we work We work downtown.
How does Mary carry the bag She carries it in the arms.

8. Grammar Box: Simple Present. Third Person endings of verbs.

work go Remember: You add s to most verbs


stop kiss
see |s wash | es We add es to verbs ending in
like watch o, s, sh, ch, x, z
read fix
dream buzz

9. Time Expressions. Listen and repeat.

every day on weekdays


every morning every sunday
late tonight
early

41
10 - Answer these questions:

o What time do you have dinner?


o What time do you go to bed?
o What time do you go to school?
o Does your mother cook well?
o Does she clean the house every day?
o Do you watch TV on weekends ?
o Do you like wine?
o Does your father smoke?
o Does your best friend live alone?

11. Write the questions for these answers:

a) _____________________________________________________________________________________?
I go to work at 8:00 am.

b) ______________________________________________________________________________________?
No, I don’t play the piano.

c) _______________________________________________________________________________________?
No, my mother doesn’t drive a car.

d) ______________________________________________________________________________________?
Yes, she does
e) ______________________________________________________________________________________?
Yes, they play rock music.

f)_______________________________________________________________________________________?
I don’t know

g)_______________________________________________________________________________________?
I don’t like this kind of game

h)______________________________________________________________________________________?
No way!

i)______________________________________________________________________________________?
I usually meet my father on the weekend

j)_______________________________________________________________________________________?
Yes, he dances very well

42
12. Reading. Listen and practice.

Patch Adams’ Ordinary Day


I wake up at six o’clock every day. I take a shower, brush my teeth and I have
juice and some fruit for breakfast. After that I go to work. I work for the
Gesundheit Institute. It’s a different kind of hospital. I always welcome my
patients. I take care of them with love. They like to be here because they feel
they are at home. I never get back home before 10:00 p.m.

Answer these questions:

o What time does Patch Adams wake up?


o What does he have for breakfast?
o Where does he work?
o Is his hospital different from others?
o How does Patch Adams take care of his patients?
o How do his patients feel in the hospital?
o What time does he get back home?

Now do like Patch Adams did. Talk about your routine.

13. Ask your partner…

o What time do you wake up?


o Do you work?
o What do you do?
o Where do you go to college/work?
o How do you go to work?
o What time do you go to bed?

43
Unit 7
Hobbies

Listen and Practice

Joana: What do you do in your free time, Kevin?


Kevin: I always like to walk in the Central Park. I also like to read and
talk to friends. What about you?
Joana: I usually like to stay home helping my mom. She’s very old and
she really needs me .
Kevin: Do you still live with her?
Joana: Yes, I do and she’s a big friend of mine.
Kevin: It’s good for you! I have no mother, anymore.
Joana: I feel so sorry.

1. Vocabulary. Listen and repeat.

- Match the items in the box to the topics.

horror – rap – volleyball – adventure – classical


– science fiction – soccer – rock – tennis

movies sports music

_____________________ _______________________ _____________________


_____________________ _______________________ _____________________
_____________________ _______________________ _____________________

44
2. Grammar Box: Simple Present. Third Person (he, she, it) special cases.

delay carry | carries have | has


stay | s study | studies
pay try Tries

Remember: -verbs ending in a vowel and y add s

-verbs ending in a consonant and y change y to i and add es

-have use always has

3. Answer these Yes/No questions below giving complete answers.


Follow the example:

Example: Does your father live near here?


No, he doesn’t live near here.

o Do you like to play soccer?


o Do you like to listen to music at night?
o Do you like to cook frequently?
o Does your mother clean the house on Saturday morning?
o Does she watch TV after work?
o Does your father like to watch the news?
o Do you like to go out on Saturdays night?
o Does your sister study Spanish?
o Does your best friend work out?
o Do you speak English?
o Do you have pets?

45
4. Grammar Box: Adverbs of Frequency.

always sometimes
almost never
often seldom
usually/generally

Example: Sometimes I read the newspaper.


She usually prepares the lunch for her family.
Peter is always at home.

Remember: adverb is a word that describes or gives more information


about another word.

5. Write answers for these questions:

o What do you always do at home?


o What do you often do at college?
o What do you sometimes do in the church?
o What do you seldom do at the beach?
o What do you never do on your weekends?

6. Ask your partner…

o What does your best friend always do at night?


o Where does your best friend go to relax?
o Who does he/she sometimes meet on the bus?
o When does he/she study English?
o How does he/she practice English?

46
7. Write the verbs in parentheses in the third person of singular.

Sarah ___________________ (get up) at 6 o’clock. She ___________________ (have) breakfast


and then she ___________________ (go) to the bathroom. She ______________ _____ (take) a
shower and __________________ (brush) her teeth. Then, she __________________ (put) on
her clothes.

Sarah __________________ (leave) her house and __________________ (close) the door. She
____________________ (go) to the bus stop and __________________ (wait) for the number
32 bus. When the bus ____________________ (arrive), she __________________ (get on) the
bus and _____________________ (go) to her job at the hospital.

8. Now, in pairs, make up a text like Sarah did using your partner’s
information.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________

9. Ask your partner the questions below and then write his/her
answers.

a.Where do you go on Friday night?


b.What do you do after getting home at night?
c.Do you call friends everyday?
d.Do you sing in the shower?
e.When do you go to Chinese restaurants?

a.________________________________________________________________________________________
b.________________________________________________________________________________________
c.________________________________________________________________________________________
d.________________________________________________________________________________________
e.________________________________________________________________________________________

47
REVIEW OF THE LESSONS 5 to 7

1. Order the words to make sentences:

a) doing / what / you / Jack / are / ?


_______________________________________________________________________________
b) making / who / the / is / dinner?
_______________________________________________________________________________
c) the / where / girls / are / today / going /?
_______________________________________________________________________________

2. Complete the sentences with is, are or am:

a) Alex_____________ doing his homework.

b) I _____________ listening to some music.

c) We _____________ making the lunch.

d) Our parents_____________ having dinner in a restaurant.

e) Who____________ making the noise?

f) ____________ you talking to me?

3. Read about the kids and answer the questions. Listen and repeat.

After dinner at Adams’ house, it is free time. Child usually plays with his computer,
but tonight he’s watching Titanic on TV. Sonny is watching TV too, but not Titanic.
He is in his bedroom upstairs. They generally do their homework in their
bedrooms without noise. They sometimes are dancing and listening to music. After
cleaning the kitchen, Mrs. Adams is working in his office downstairs.

a) When is free time at Adams’ house?

________________________________________________________

48
b) What is Child doing tonight?

________________________________________________________

c) Is Sonny watching Titanic?

________________________________________________________

d) Where is he?

________________________________________________________

e) What is Mrs. Adams doing right now?

________________________________________________________

4. Match the verbs and nouns:

a) do ( ) volleyball
b) drink ( ) on an airplane
c) drive ( ) a postcard
d) read ( ) my homework
e) have ( ) a photographer
f) fly ( ) a video
g) make ( ) lunch
h) paint ( ) a car
i) watch ( ) a magazine
j) write ( ) a picture
k) take ( ) a beer
l) play ( ) the dinner

5. Read the text about the Adams’ house. Then write (T) for true and (F) for
false:

The Adams have a typical American house. There are three bedrooms and two
bathrooms. There is one bathroom upstairs near the bedrooms, and there is
another one downstairs. There is a living room, a dinning room and a kitchen
downstairs. There is a front yard and a back yard. There is also a garage. Child’s
and Sonny’s rooms are quite large. They’re white. They have big windows.

49
a) There are eight rooms in the Adams’ house ( )
b) There isn’t a window in Child’s bedroom. ( )
c) The kitchen is upstairs. ( )
d) The bedrooms have big windows ( )
e) There is a garage downstairs. ( )

6. Complete this text with appropriate verbs from the box:

sleep – watch – go – study - have

Sonny usually________________ to school at eight o’clock in the morning and


he_________________ from 8:30am to 3:00pm. He__________________ dinner at 6:00 pm
and he________________ TV sometimes. He generally_______________ at 10:00 o’clock p.m.

50
Unit 8
Can you play soccer?

Listen and Practice

Tuomas: Can you play soccer, Jack?

Jack: Yes, I can. But I am not very good at this. What about you?

Tuomas: I can’t. But I like to watch it on TV.

Jack: What about tennis, Tuomas? Can you play tennis?

Tuomas: Yes, I can. I’m very good at tennis. I love it!

Jack: I think I can’t. I’m terrible at this.

1. Grammar Box: Can for ability.

I I I
you You you
he Yes, he can Yes, he can
Can | she | swim ? No, | she | can’t No, she | can’t | swim
It It it
we We we
you You you
they They they

- Make 3 sentences like this:


I can swim and play volleyball, but I can’t change a tire or act.

1._____________________________________________________________________
2._____________________________________________________________________
3._____________________________________________________________________

51
2. Grammar Box: Information - Questions with Can.

Who swim? You swim.


What | can | you do? I | can| help you.
How often Tim come? He come on Sunday.
What kind of music Ellis sing? She sing pop music.

3. Check the things that you can do or you can’t do:

sports Practical artistic

ride a bike ( ) Cook ( ) sing ()


ride a horse ( ) Drive ( ) play the piano ()
swim ( ) plant flowers ( ) play the guitar ()
windsurf ( ) Type ( ) draw ()
play volleyball ( ) use a computer ( ) dance ()
play tennis ( ) change a tire ( ) paint ()
ski ( ) clean the house ( ) act ()

4. Reorganize this conversation:

*No, you can’t. You are only fifteen!


*Can I watch TV?
*Can I eat this sandwich?
* No, you can’t. Go upstairs and do your homework.
*OK. Yes, you can.
*Can I go to a disco Saturday night?

Now, practice the conversation above with a partner.

52
5. See the chart about Jack and Tuomas’ abilities.

Skills Jack John


use a fax machine --- ---
use a computer X ---
swim --- X
speak French X X
play chess X X
type X X
cook well --- ---
play volleyball X ---

Answer the questions below according to the chart above.

o Can Jack and John type?


o Can they use a fax machine?
o Can they use a computer?
o Can they swim?
o Can they speak French?
o Can they play chess?
o Can John play cook well?
o Can Jack play volleyball?

8. Use the verbs in the box to complete the sentences below. More than
one answer is possible.

drive – read – clean – play – go – swim – study – speak


use – open – write – sing

a) She can__________________ a car.


b) We can’t___________________ a computer or a fax machine.
c) Mirella can___________________ to a night club on Saturdays.
d) I can__________________ a newspaper in English.
e) He can__________________ French.
f) They can __________________ rock pretty well.
g) I can’t___________________ the house alone.
h) Michael can’t___________________ at night in his bedroom.
i) I can’t______________ a can of tomatoes past.
j) She can_____________ a good poem.

53
8. Use the verbs in the box to complete the sentences below. More than
one answer is possible.

drive – read – clean – play – go – swim – study –


speak use – open – write – sing

k) She can__________________ a car.


l) We can’t___________________ a computer or a fax machine.
m) Mirella can___________________ to a night club on Saturdays.
n) I can__________________ a newspaper in English.
o) He can__________________ French.
p) They can __________________ rock pretty well.
q) I can’t___________________ the house alone.
r) Michael can’t___________________ at night in his bedroom.
s) I can’t______________ a can of tomatoes past.
t) She can_____________ a good poem.

54
9. Reading. Read the text and answer the questions.

Job Interviews
For many people it is not so easy to go well in job’s interview. Sometimes they
get nervous and they can’t answer the questions correctly or truly.
Psychologists prepare simple or puzzle questions about what people can do or
can’t do, according to what they see in the curriculums. They also ask questions
about people’s life and sometimes the applicants lie to get the job.
But psychologists are not stupid. They can guess their answers according to
their personalities traits. Then, you can answer everything in a job interview.
However, it doesn’t mean you can get the job.

10. According to the text use (T) for True and (F) for False:

a) You can go well in a job interview. ( )

b) You can go badly in a job interview. ( )

c) It’s difficult for many people to pass in these exams ( )

d) You can’t lie in a job interview. ( )

e) Psychologists are stupid. ( )

f) Psychologists can’t guess when the interviewer is lying. ( )

g) Psychologists never ask about your personal life. ( )

11. Discussion.

o What can you do?


o Can you dance/sing/act?
o Can you work under pressure?
o Can you deal with stress?

55
ENGLISH FOR BRAZILIANS 1

Homework Activities

56
Unit 1
1.Answer according to the conversation on page 7.

a) Is the teacher a man or a woman? _______________________________________________


b) What’s the teacher’s first name? _______________________________________________
c) What’s the teacher’s last name? _______________________________________________
d) How old is the teacher? _______________________________________________
e) What’s Tarja’s last name? _______________________________________________

2.Answer about yourself.

a) Are you 25 years old? _______________________________________________


b) How old are you? _______________________________________________
c) What’s your phone number? _______________________________________________
d) What’s your last name? _______________________________________________
e) Are you a teacher? _______________________________________________
f) Who’s your English teacher? ______________________________________________

3.Make up questions to the answers.

a) ________________________________________________________________________________?
My name’s Jane
b) ________________________________________________________________________________?
I am 20 years old
c) ________________________________________________________________________________?
My phone number is 9983-0015
d) ________________________________________________________________________________?
T– A– T–I–A –N –N –A
e) ________________________________________________________________________________?
It’s Santos

57
4. Answer the questions about Tarja Turunen.

a) Where’s she from? ________________________________________________________


b) Is her city big? ________________________________________________________
c) How old is she? ________________________________________________________
d) When is Tarja’s birthday? ____________________________________________________
e) What’s Tarja’s favorite kind of music? _______________________________________

5. Answer the questions below about Shakira.

a) Is she old or young? ________________________________________________________


b) Is she Spanish? ________________________________________________________
c) Is she fat or thin? ________________________________________________________
d) Is she blond or brown? ________________________________________________________
e) Is she short or tall? ________________________________________________________

6. Complete the dialogue below. Use are, from, your, am, my, where.

A: Hi. What’s ______________ name?


B: ______________ name’s Bill.
A: ______________ you a student?
B: Yes, I _____________.
A: _____________ are you from?
B: I’m _____________ USA.

7. Complete the puzzle. Write the numbers.

T H R E E

58
Unit 2
1. Answer the questions below about the dialogue on page 12.

a) How is Betty? _____________________________________________________


b) Who is Jack? _____________________________________________________
c) What’s Jack’s occupation? _____________________________________________________
d) Is Tarja happy to meet Jack? _____________________________________________________
e) What kind of day is it? _____________________________________________________

2. Answer the questions below:

a) What’s Brad Pit’s job? _____________________________________________


b) What’s Demi Moore’s profession? _____________________________________________
c) What’s Neymar’s occupation? _____________________________________________

d) What’s your occupation? _____________________________________________

3. Fill in the blanks. Use his, her, its or their.

Mary is my neighbour. ________ last name’s Flavour. John is her husband. ________
eyes are blue. They live downtown. ________ house is beautiful. They have a cat.
________ name is Lion.

4. Fill in with A or AN.


a) Recife is ________ big city.
b) I have ________ English teacher.
c) He’s in ________ hotel.
d) He’s there for ________ hour.
e) Jim is ________ intelligent guy.

5. Match the numbers with the words.

11 thirty
20 sixteen
30 twenty
19 nineteen
16 eleven

59
6. Write the numbers in English.

a) 30 ______________________________
b) 40______________________________
c) 50______________________________
d) 60______________________________
e) 70______________________________

7. Write the telephone numbers.

a) 3183-3734 ___________________________________________________________
b) 3752-9804____________________________________________________________
c) 9938-1754____________________________________________________________
d) 8887-1062____________________________________________________________
e) 3596-8542____________________________________________________________

8. Write the plural of nouns.

a) library _______________________
b) girl _______________________
c) boy _______________________
d) tooth _______________________
e) housewife ______________________
f) potato _______________________
g) fox _______________________
h) grandchild ______________________
i) policeman ______________________
j) speech _______________________

9. Put the words in order to ask questions. After, answer them.

a) phone - 3183-3734 - your - number - is ?_________________________________________


b) is - Tom – English - at - good ?_____________________________________________________
c) “quinze”- fifteen – Portuguese - in - is ?___________________________________________
d) is - what – name - your ?___________________________________________________________
e) student - you - a - are ?_____________________________________________________________

60
Unit 3
1. Answer the questions below about the dialogue on page 19.

a) What’s Tarja’s class today? ____________________________________________________


b) What is she looking for? ____________________________________________________
c) What time is it? ____________________________________________________
d) Who is coming to greet her? ____________________________________________________
e) Is the class in the morning? ____________________________________________________
f) What’s Tuomas’ class? ____________________________________________________
g) What’s Tarja’s accent? ____________________________________________________
h) Is Tarja from France? ____________________________________________________
i) Where’s Tarja from? ____________________________________________________
j) Are Tarja and Tuomas old friends? ________________________________________________

2. Complete the chart.

Country Nationality Country Nationality

China ____________ Brazil ______________

_____________ Korean ____________ American

Poland ______________ England ____________

______________ Finnish ___________ Australian

Japan ______________ France ______________

______________ German _______________ Italian

3. Fill in the blanks. Complete the blanks with There is or There are.

a) _________ many countries in Europe.


b) _________ a very famous statue of Christ in Rio. They call it Christ the Redemeer.
c) _________ a popular theater in my towm.
d) ________ not a good place to visit where I live.
e) ________ not many bookstores here.

61
4. Circle the word that does not belong to the line.

a) Spain Portugal Mexico Peruvian


b) They we she my
e) today hello hi bye

5) Choose the correct response:

1. Are there many students there? a) Yes, there are many b) They aren’t
2. Is Tony American? a) Yes, he’s a teacher; b) Yes, he is.
3. Where are you from? a) I’m from Peru. b) I live in Peru.
4) Is there a chair in the room? a) Yes, it is. b) Yes, there is.

6. Complete the conversations. Choose words from the box.

Thank you! See you You’re welcome


It’s in South America No, it’s Brasília How do you spell your name
Yes, there are I live in Recife Hello

A: Hi!
B: _____________________________.
A: _____________________________?
B: M – A – R – Y.
A: Thank you.
B ______________________________.

A: Where do you live?


B: ______________________________.
A: Are there many people in your city?
B: ______________________________.
A: Thank you. Well, see you tomorrow.
B: ______________________________ .

A: Where is your contry located?


B: ______________________________.
A: Is Rio de Janeiro the capital of Brazil?
B: _______________________________
B: Oh! That’s interesting. I love Brazil.
A: _______________________________.

62
7. Read the text and then answer the questions.

Valentine’s Day

American people celebrate Valentine’s day on February 14 th. On this


day, everybody shows much love and affection, they send cards, flowers
and notes during all week. It’s a very old tradition; not only boyfriends
and girlfriends celebrate this date but also parents, cousins, friends etc.

The cards always have a picture of a cupid and/or a red heart with an
arrow, including the words: “I love you”. People can also give gifts
like, boxes of chocolate, poems, teddy bears etc. But what people look
forward to is spending the day with the loved one.

1. When is Valentine’s Day in the USA?


_______________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________

2. How do people feel on this day?


_______________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________

3. What is the Americans tradition on Valentine’s Day?


_______________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________

4. Can you celebrate Valentine’s Day with your father or simply a friend? How?
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________

5. What do people look forward to on Valentine’s Day?


_______________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________

6. What is the difference between Valentine’s Day in the USA and in Brazil?
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________

7. What do you do on Valentine’s Day?


_______________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________

63
Unit 4
1. Answer the questions about the dialogue on page 23.

a) Are Kevin and Eduarda talking on the phone?_____________________________________


b) How is Kevin feeling?_____________________________________________________________
c) Is Eduarda shy?_______________________________________________________________________
d) Is she nervous?____________________________________________________________________
e) What’s Eduarda wearing?____________________________________________________________
f) What’s Kevin wearing?____________________________________________________________

2. Find 10 colors in the letters below.

R E D S B L U E T U B
W E O T L D L C F G U
H A P E A G R E Y S R
I S I A C E T U E T R
T U N P K A E B L M R
E U K O P U R P L E L
G R E E N C Q T O N E
D F I G O B R O W N B

3. Unscramble the words. Find clothes.

a) n a p s t _______________________
b) s e o h s _______________________
c) s s k o c _______________________
d) c k a e j t ______________________
e) s e s d r _______________________

4. Make questions. Use the present continuous form. Add what is necessary.

a) Peter / work / restaurant / ?________________________________________________________


b) Bill / eat / breakfast / ?______________________________________________________________
c) Anthony and his brother / swim / in the pool / ?__________________________________
d) you / play / the guitar ? _____________________________________________________________
e) Mr. and Mrs. Wonder / go / to Europe / ?__________________________________________

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5. Answer the questions about yourself.

a) Are you eating now?______________________________________________________________


b) What are you doing at the moment?

________________________________________________________________
c) Where are you studying English?__________________________________________________
d) What are you wearing?____________________________________________________________
e) Are you wearing sandals?_________________________________________________________
f) Why are you studying English?____________________________________________________
g) Are you wearing glasses?__________________________________________________________

6. Complete the dialogue.

A: Hi, Peter. How ________ you?


B: Fine, ________.
A: Are you ________ boots?
B: Yes, ________. I’m wearing ________ boots.
A: Are ________ going to ________ ?
B: No, I’m ________. I’m ________ home.

7. Make questions to the answers.

a) _________________________________? I’m having a cup of coffee.


b) _________________________________? She’s eating a sandwich.
c) _________________________________? They’re sleeping right now.
d) _________________________________? No, Emily is not lying.
e) _________________________________? The dog is barking a lot.

8. Unscramble the words to write sentences.

a) is / not / dancing / Paul / well _______________________________________________________


b) creating / he / new / is / ideas ______________________________________________________
c) boat / sinking / is / the _______________________________________________________________
d) Brian / late / school / arriving / is / from
_____________________________________________________________________________________________
e) are / becoming / Brothers / great / a / band / the
____________________________________________________________________________________________

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Unit 5

1. Answer the questions below about the dialogue on page 30.

a) Are Tarja and Tuomas good friends? _____________________________________________


b) Are they having a picnic? _____________________________________________
c) Is the day cloudy? _____________________________________________
d) What’s the place like? _____________________________________________
e) Is the sun shining? _____________________________________________
f) Are there birds singing? _____________________________________________
g) How is the windy blowing? _____________________________________________
h) What’s the nature like to Tarja? _____________________________________________
i) Is Tuomas hungry? _____________________________________________
j) Is Tarja hungry, too? _____________________________________________
k) Can Tarja help Tuomas with the basket?____________________________________________
l) Can Tuomas see the lake? _____________________________________________
m) Can they swim after the picnic? _____________________________________________
n) Is it time to have dinner? _____________________________________________
o) Is it noon? _____________________________________________

2. Say the time in English.

a) Meia-noite _________________________________
b) Meio-dia _________________________________
c) 06:00 da manhã _________________________________
d) 05:00 da tarde _________________________________
e) 08:30 __________________________________
f) 10:55 __________________________________
g) 09:15 __________________________________
h) 11:45 __________________________________
i) 08:08 __________________________________
j) 09:05 __________________________________

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3. Translate to English using possessive nouns.

a) O nome da minha irmã é Dani. ______________________________________________


b) Os olhos de Rafaela são castanhos. ______________________________________________
c) A casa de Billy e Jim é confortável. ______________________________________________
d) A escola de Charles é moderna. ______________________________________________
e) O cachorro de Richard é grande. _____________________________________________
f) As roupas de Stella são fashion. _______________________________________________

4. Fill in the blanks using conjunctions (and, also, because, but, after)

Mark and Michael are twins ______________ they are different. Mark is happy
_____________ Michael is happy, too. Mark is a good student and Michael is
_____________ a good student. They want to travel _____________ graduation _____________
they want to know foreign countries.

5. Fill in using the correct possessive form of noun.

a) _____________ and ______________ father is a bus driver (Mike, Charles)


b) Those _______________ clothes are old (women)
c) ______________ and ______________ mothers are doctors (Judy, Danny)
d) Your _______________ house is in the country (relatives)
e) The _______________ toys are expensive (boys)

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Let’s sing!

As you listen fill in with the verbs you have learned.

Imagine
JOHN LENNON

Imagine _________________ 1 no heaven


It's easy if you try
No hell below us
Above us only sky
Imagine all the people
Living for today
Imagine __________________ 2 no countries
It isn't hard to _________________ 3
Nothing to kill or die for
And no religion too
Imagine all the people
Living life in peace
You may _________________ 4
I'm a dreamer
But I'm not the only one
I ________________5 some day
You'll join us
And the world will ___________________6 as one
Imagine no possessions
I wonder if you __________________ 7
No need for greed or hunger
A brotherhood of man
Imagine all the people
Sharing all the world
You may _________________ 8,
I'm a dreamer
But I'm not the only one
I ________________9 some day
You'll join us
And the world will ________________ 10 as one

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Unit 6
1. Answer the questions below about the dialogue on page 38.

a) What’s Jack’s problem? ___________________________________________________


b) Where’s he going to? _____________________________________________________
c) Is he next to work? ____________________________________________________
d) Is he going to walk? ____________________________________________________
e) Can Tarja help him? ____________________________________________________

2. Answer about yourself:

a) What time do you get up?___________________________________________________


b) Do you go to work/school by bike?________________________________________
c) Do you have a car?___________________________________________________________
d) Do you like to fly?____________________________________________________________
e) Do you take a taxi sometimes?______________________________________________
f) Do you always take the bus?___________________________________________________
g) Do you go to work/school on foot?_________________________________________

3. Complete using do or does.

a) __________ Shakira dance well?


b) __________ they work hard?
c) __________ Jane and her sister have a dog?
d) __________ the dog have black spots?
e) __________ your doctor go to your house?
f) __________ your parents live with you?
g) __________ your mother use public transportation?
h) __________ you and your sister live in Recife?
i) __________ your family stay home on the weekends?

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j) __________ your cousins visit you sometimes?

4. Complete the sentences using the correct verb form:


a) Mary __________ downtown (live/lives)
b) Mary and Jane __________ ice cream (like/likes)
c) Does he __________ his wife? (love/loves)
d) Do they __________ to Japan? (go/goes)
e) She __________ for Obama (vote/votes)

5. Write questions for these answers:

a) ________________________________________________________________________________?
Jim studies English at PROLINFO.

b) ________________________________________________________________________________?
PROLINFO has good courses

c) ________________________________________________________________________________?
They speak English very well

d) ________________________________________________________________________________?
No, I study engineering

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7. Read the text and then answer the questions:

Halloween

Halloween is a time of celebration and superstition. In some American states it’s more
celebrated than Easter and Christmas combined!

The American Halloween tradition of “trick-or-treating” and the dressing of costumes


were both European and Celtic roots. The Celts were the most superstitious people of
ancient times. They believed that evil spirits came to earth during the long winter
nights. So, on the last night before winter, they made bonfires and wore ugly costumes
to scare the evil spirits away.

Modern Halloween is less scary than it was in the past. At Halloween parties there are
prizes for the most beautiful costumes.

Adapted from: http://www.history.com/topics/halloween

1. When is Halloween celebrated?


_______________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________

2. What are the American Halloween traditions?


_______________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________

3. What are the typical Halloween’s costumes?


_______________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________

4. Is there any difference between Halloween in the USA and in Brazil? Which
one?
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________

5. What do you do for Halloween?


_______________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________

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Unit 7

1. Answer the questions below about the dialogue on page 44.

a) Where does Kevin like to walk?______________________________________________________


b) When does he walk?__________________________________________________________________
c) What else does Kevin like to do in his free time?___________________________________
d) What about Joana? Does she also walk in her free time?__________________________
e) What does she normally do in her free time?_______________________________________
f) Are Joana and her mother good friends?____________________________________________
g) Does Kevin still have a mother, too?_________________________________________________

2. Answer the questions below about yourself.

a) What do you like to do in your free time?___________________________________________


b) Do you practice any sports?__________________________________________________________
c) Do you play any musical instrument?________________________________________________
d) What kind of music do you like to listen?____________________________________________
e) Do you like to exercise?________________________________________________________________
f) What kind of books do you prefer?___________________________________________________
g) Where do you study/work?____________________________________________________________
h) What do you do in school/at work?____________________________________________________

3. Rewrite the sentences. Use an adverb of frequency (sometimes,


usually, always, often, seldom, never).

a) I eat pizza everyday.


______________________________________________________________________
b) I study English on Monday, Tuesdays, Wednesday and Thursday.
______________________________________________________________________
c) I wake up at 7 o’clock on the weekends.
______________________________________________________________________
d) I don’t exercise.
_____________________________________________________________________

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4. Answer thethe questions below:

a) How often do you study english ?___________________________________________________


b) Is there any good place where you can go in your city??__________________________
c) What do you like to do on weekends? _______________________________________________
d) What time do you go to bed? _________________________________________________________
e) What time do you go to college / work? ____________________________________________
f) Are there many restaurants in your neighborhood? _____________________________
g) What do you Always do to have fun? ______________________________________________

5. Answer the questions about your best friend.

a) Where does he/she live?_____________________________________________________________


b) How old is he/she? __________________________________________________________________
c) How old is he/she?___________________________________________________________________
d) What does he/she like to do? _______________________________________________________
e) What’s his/her occupation?_________________________________________________________
_
f) What’s his / her name?______________________________________________________________

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UNIT 8

1. Answer the questions below about the dialogue on page 51.

a) Can Tuomas play soccer? ______________________________________________________________


b) What can he play? ______________________________________________________________________
c) What about Jack? _______________________________________________________________________

d) Who can play tennis? ________________________________________________________________

2. Answer the questions below about yourself.

a) Can you play soccer? ______________________________________________________


b) Can you swim? ______________________________________________________
c) Can your father play chess? ______________________________________________________
d) Can you change a tire? ______________________________________________________
e) Who can sing in your family? ______________________________________________________
f) Can you windsurf? ________________________________________________________
g) What about cooking? Can you cook?_________________________________________________
h) Can you dance “forró”? ______________________________________________________
i) Can your mother use a computer?_____________________________________________________
j) What kind of sports can you play?____________________________________________________
k) What foreign languages can you speak? _________________________________________________

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3. Answer the questions below about the text on page 55.

a) Is it easy to go well in job’s interview?


____________________________________________________________________________________
b) Do people get nervous during the interviews?
____________________________________________________________________________________
c) Why do you think people get nervous in job interviews?
____________________________________________________________________________________
d) What kind of questions do psychologists do?
____________________________________________________________________________________

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Let’s sing!

As you listen, fill in the song with the vocabulary given in the box.

What a Wonderful World


LOUIS ARMSTRONG

I see trees of _____________________ 1,


__________________2 roses too
I see them bloom for me and you
And I think to myself, what a wonderful
world I see skies so ____________________ 3 and
___________________ 4 of ____________________5
The bright blessed days,
the dark sacred night
And I think to myself,
what a wonderful world
The colors of the ____________________6,
so pretty in the sky
Are also on the faces of people going by
I see friends shaking hands, saying, "_______________________ 7"
They're really saying, "________________________ 8"
I hear babies cry, I watch them grow
They'll learn much more, than I'll never know
And I think to myself,
what a wonderful world
Yes, I think to myself,
what a wonderful world

rainbow – I love you - green – blue – clouds - white – how do you do? - red

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SEVERINO CARLOS DA SILVA

Licenciado em Letras (Português/Inglês) pela Universidade Católica de


Pernambuco - UNICAP. Especialista em Metodologia do Ensino
Superior pela Universidade de Pernambuco - UPE. Mestre em Letras
pela UFPB (Linguagem e Ensino de Língua Estrangeira). Professor
Assistente da Universidade de Pernambuco - UPE desde 1986. Atua
principalmente nos seguintes temas: seleção, educação, formação de
professores, reflexão sobre a prática pedagógica do professor de língua
estrangeira e processo ensino-aprendizagem de língua estrangeira.
Atua também na área de Sociolínguística (Variações Linguísticas e
Sociointeracionismo). Pesquisa desde 2002 sobre o processo ensino-
aprendizagem de vocabulário de língua inglesa, considerando a
"Lexical Approach" (Michael Lewis), Linguística de Corpus (Michael
McCarthy), bem como Reflexão sobre a Prática Pedagógica (Dewey,
Shön, Paulo Freire, Perrenoud, Alarcão etc). Pesquisa também sobre a
Abordagem Colaborativa. Vem pesquisando sobre o processo ensino-
aprendizagem de língua estrangeira na modalidade a distância desde
2009 e sobre empréstimos linguísticos, desde 2014. É coordenador dos
Cursos de Pós-Graduação Lato Sensu em Ensino de Língua Inglesa e de
Práticas Pedagógicas no Ensino de Língua e Literaturas de Língua
Portuguesa da UPE. Coordena o Programa de Línguas e Informática da
Universidade de Pernambuco - PROLINFO e desenvolve projeto de
Curso de Língua Inglesa na Modalidade a Distância da UPE. É professor
e Diretor Didático-Pedagógico do Special English Course, em Recife-PE.
É autor dos Livros English Book (volumes 1, 2, 3 e 4), publicados em
2010 e English for Brazilians (volumes 1, 2, 3 e 4), publicados em 2012,
pela EDUPE - Editora da Universidade de Pernambuco. É doutorando
do Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Linguagem PPGCL da
Universidade Católica de Pernambuco - UNICAP, onde pesquisa sobre o
lugar do vocabulário no livro didático de língua portuguesa
recomendado pelo PNLD 2015, sob a orientação da Profa. Dra. Roberta
Caiado e coorientação da Profa. Dra. Irandé Antunes.
ANUSKA KARLA VAZ DA SILVA

Professora Substituta do Departamento de Letras da Universidade


Federal de Pernambuco, possui Graduação em História pela
Universidade de Pernambuco (2007), Especialização em Cultura
Pernambucana pela Faculdade Frassinetti do Recife (2009) e
Graduação em Letras / Crítica Literária pela Universidade Federal de
Permbuco (2010). Mestre em Teoria da Literatura pela Universidade
Federal de Pernambuco (2013), atua na área de Letras, com ênfase em
Literatura Portuguesa. Literatura Brasileira, Literaturas de Expressão
Hispânico-Americana, Literaturas de Língua Francesa, Literatura
Comparada.