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“THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ORGANIC (CYMBOPOGON AND ALLIUM SATIVUM) AS

MOSQUITO REPELLENT TO CONTROL MOSQUITOES”

A RESEARCH

PRESENTED TO THE FACULTY AND STAFF

OF WEST PRIME HORIZON INSTITUTE INC.

IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS OF OUR RESEARCH 12

BY:

HAINA MAE AMBULAH

CATHERINE L. GANTONOC

ROSELLE JANE LOPEZ

CAROLINE PONTECHA

JOVIE JANE NANGO

EVALENE VILVESTRE

2017-2018
DEDICATION

This research is truly dedicated to our beloved parents:

Mr. and Mrs. Ambulah

Mr. and Mrs. Gantonoc

Mr. and Mrs. Lopez

Mr. and Mrs. Nango

Mr. and Mrs. Pontecha

Mr. and Mrs. Sanchez

Mr. and Mrs. Vilvestre

For their unending support, not just in financial but also for their encouragement to finish this
research work.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The researchers wish to extend their outmost and sincerity gratitude to those who in one
way contribute to the success of this study.

To Mr. Joefe P. Suson, the school president, for his assistance, advice, intellectual
guidance and inspiring us to keep pursuing to our study.

To Ma’am May Dee Rose Kaw-it, for the patience encouragement, concern and
intellectual guidance to finish this research.

To their parents, who gave them the chance to go to school, for their support in the
researcher chosen vocation and unconditionally love and inspire them always.

To their classmates and friends, for giving the researchers inspiration, happiness, and
time to cherish unforgettable moments of friendship.

To their teachers who made corrections in their research work. Without them, this
research will not be completed.

And above all, to the creator, God, for the blessings and guidance in the trials that come
along the way during this research was started until the final presentation of this work.
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Research Title____________________________________________________________i
Dedication_______________________________________________________________ii
Acknowledgement_________________________________________________________iii
Table of Contents__________________________________________________________iv
Chapter I (Introduction)
Background of the Study______________________________________________
Statement of the Problem______________________________________________
Conceptual Framework_______________________________________________
Significance of the Study______________________________________________
Locale, Scope and Delimitation of the Study_______________________________
Definition of Terms___________________________________________________
Chapter II
Review of Related Literature____________________________________________
Chapter III
Research Methodology_________________________________________________
Chapter IV
Results and Discussion_________________________________________________
Conclusion___________________________________________________________
Recommendation______________________________________________________
Bibliography__________________________________________________________
Curriculum Vitae_______________________________________________________
Appendices____________________________________________________________
Chapter I

The Problem

Introduction

A common problem in many tropical countries such as a Philippines is the rampant


growth of mosquitoes and the diseases they spread. Mosquitoes live on nectar and only drink
blood to make their eggs which they lay in stagnant water. Their larva feed on bacteria and algae.
Mosquitoes reproduce plentifully in dirty slow-moving water or puddles such as are often found
around low-income or “informally settled” areas that the communities in a certain area have only
few resources to deal with the problem.

Mosquitoes carry many blood-borne diseases such as malaria, dengue, encephalitis and
yellow fever (Mosquito), transmitting them between numerous hosts. The diseases are passed
when a mosquito secretes saliva (to keep the blood from clotting until it can break down the
blood to make its eggs) at which point it also introduces contaminants (viruses from a previous
host). One of the most common mosquito-borne diseases is malaria. Worldwide there are over a
million deaths yearly from malaria (Health way).

In Pagadian City especially to those places near coastal areas is the most affected in this
find of diseases because of improper disposal of garbage and stagnant water in canals beside
their houses. The places most plagued by mosquitoes are poorer settlements, those least able to
buy expensive insecticide (like Raid) to kill mosquitoes. Are there cheap, natural means to
control the numbers of mosquitoes and lessen the occurrence of diseases such as malaria or
dengue?

Specifically, what kinds of cheap, sanitary, and natural means could be used to control
the numbers of mosquitoes in poor villages? Are there certain plants or animals that could be
used to discourage mosquitoes from living near people’s homes? What natural substances could
be easily grown in a poor person’s garden that could be used to make mosquito repellent?

The main reason for this project will be to find efficient, cheap and clean ways to control
mosquito populations. I will use research of known mosquito habits and characteristics,
interviews of people from affected communities, and first-hand accounts of experiments and
existing mosquito repellent methods to come up with realistic possibilities for poor communities.

The researchers hoped that the research and experimentation will contribute to controlling the
spread of dangerous diseases such as malaria. The researchers hope to find clean, cheap and
natural means of controlling mosquitoes that poor communities can use instead of expensive and
possibly hazardous insecticides, which they may or may not have the money to buy.

Conceptual Framework

Independent Variable Dependent Variable

Organic ( Cymbopogon and Allium Mosquito Repellent


Sativum)

The independent variables are the Cymbopogon and Allium Sativum which are the
organic. The dependent variable is mosquito repellent.

Statement of the problem

This study was made to find out the effectiveness of Extracted Cymbopogon and Allium
Sativum as organic mosquito repellent to repel and control mosquitoes and thus, the learning
being applied will answer the following questions.

1. Is there any significant effect in finding the efficacy of mosquito repellent with the use of
organic Cymbopogon and Allium Sativum?
2. How long does the organic repellent would be effective in repelling mosquitoes?
Hypothesis

Ho: There is significant effect in finding the efficacy of mosquito repellent with the use of
organic Cymbopogon and Allium Sativum.

Ha: There is no significant effect in finding the efficacy of mosquito repellent with the use of
organic Cymbopogon and Allium Sativum.

Significance of the study

This study aims to help people preventing the diseases such as malaria, dengue,
encephalitis and yellow fever that are cause by mosquito bites.

Government: This study helps and gives an awareness to the concern organization of our
health such as the Department of Health Organization (DOH), World Health
Organization(WHO) and the like. Wherein they can recommend this homemade organic
mosquito repellent to the people who suffer from mosquito bites and to everyone who has greater
population of mosquitoes in their surroundings.

Community: It gives us ways to be more aware on how to prevent the said diseases
especially to those individuals that are living in poor villages that are prone to this kind of
mosquito cases. By using extracted Cymbopogon and Allium Sativum as organic mosquito
repellent they can have a better living and free from stress and hassle in controlling mosquitoes
which is very easy to make, since the materials to be used can be found at home or in
surroundings and yet effective in repelling mosquitoes.

Family: It has a greater help to each member of the family to prevent from mosquito
bites. This can also help in their financial aspect wherein they can have an efficient alternative
mosquito repellent that is cheaper and effective compared to the commercialized mosquito
repellent.
Scope and Delimitation of the Study

This study limits on the use of organic Cymbopogon and Allium Sativum as effective
mosquito repellent to control mosquitoes in a certain place.

The study was conducted in coastal areas specifically at Purok Bakhaw A, Kawit District,
Pagadian City due to its environmental situation since mosquitoes are very rampant in this place
because of the stagnant water where mosquito live and produces eggs.
Definition of terms

Mosquito- a small flying insect that bites the skin of people and animals and sucks their blood.

Repellent- a substance that is used to keep something out or away.

Dengue- a debilitating viral disease of the tropics, transmitted by mosquitoes, and causing
sudden fever and acute pains in the joints.

Encephalitis-inflammation of the brain, caused by infection or an allergic reaction.

Yellow fever- a tropical viral disease affecting the liver and kidneys, causing fever and jaundice
and often fatal. It is transmitted by mosquitoes.

Blood-borne- (typically of a disease or pathogen) carried by the blood.

Lemongrass- a common grass that grows well in the tropics.

Malaria- an intermittent and remittent fever caused by a protozoan parasite that invades the red
blood cells. The parasite is transmitted by mosquitoes in many tropical and subtropical regions.

Garlic- garlic bulbs contain an amino acid that converts to a substance called allicin when
crushed, blended or chopped.

Allicin- a pungent compound C6H10OS2 formed enzymatically in crushed garlic cloves that
imparts the distinctive smell to garlic and possesses antimicrobial properties.

Coastal area- the land along or near a sea or ocean.

Rampant- growing quickly and in a way, that is difficult to control.

Stagnant- not active, changing or progressing.

Puddles- a small amount of water, mud, etc., on the ground.

Plagued-a disease that causes death and that spreads quickly to many people.
CHAPTER II

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES

Mosquitos live in grass and bushes located close


to areas where humans live. Their favorite
breeding ground is standing water. They gather
in neglected birdbaths, clogged rain gutters,
storm drains, pools, ponds, and other bodies of
water that aren’t flowing.

Male mosquitos don’t bite humans, but females


do. While both of them feed on plant nectar and water, females also need blood in their diet
to reproduce. When they bite you, it usually leaves an itchy welt behind. They can also
spread diseases between animals and humans, as well as from one human to another.

Female mosquitos have long, tubular mouthparts that allow them to pierce your skin and
feed on your blood. When they bite you, they inject saliva into your body while siphoning
your blood. Their saliva contains proteins that most people are allergic to. Your immune
system springs into action, causing the telltale red bump and accompanying itch of a
mosquito bite to form. Mosquitos choose their human victims based on the scent of carbon
dioxide and other chemicals in your perspiration. Almost immediately after a mosquito bites
you, you may notice a round and puffy bump forming. In some cases, you may see a small
dot at the center of it. The bump will soon become red and hard, with a small amount of
swelling. It’s not uncommon to get multiple bites around the same time.

If you have an impaired immune system, you may experience a more severe reaction,
such as hives, a large patch of swelling and redness, or swollen lymph nodes. Children often
get a stronger reaction than adults. You might feel a stinging sensation when a mosquito
pierces your skin. After that, the most annoying symptom of a mosquito bite is the itchiness.

Most of the time, reactions to mosquito bites are quite mild and go away within a few days.
They can be more bothersome for children and people with impaired immune systems. In
rare cases, you may experience a more severe allergic reaction that causes body aches,
headache, and fever. Mosquitos can carry viruses, bacteria, and parasites in their saliva.
When they bite you, they can transmit those pathogens into your body, causing severe and
even life-threatening illness. mosquitos are known carriers of malaria, West Nile
virus, dengue fever, yellow fever, and several viruses that cause encephalitis.

Lemongrass is a common grass that grows


well in the tropics. The oil extracts of
lemongrass have been used in many insect
repellents and in candles, as well as diluted and
applied to skin. Lemongrass is common and
grows well in the tropics. Both the leaves and
the stalks are easily made into a mosquito
repellent. (In fact, the stalk can be crushed into
a pulp/brush and applied on the spot.) One
solid cup of chopped-up leaves left to soak in
two cups of water for a few hours (just like tea)
makes a repellent that can be applied directly to skin (Natural mosquito repellents).
Lemon grass is a common and easily grown plant in the Philippines. Families could just
plant tufts of lemongrass around their houses and when the mosquitoes are being a problem send
one of the children out with a stick to beat the plant to release the oils of the lemongrass into the
air. It is not only a way to make a mosquito repellent but it can also be used to make tea (many
health benefits) and could even be a small source of income. Any Filipino could plant a small
garden of lemongrass and harvest the leaves every couple of weeks to make small spray bottles
of repellent to sell.

Garlic can be used to repel a variety of crawling and flying


insects, including mosquitoes,” according to Patrick Parker,
Sava Tree Plant Health Care Program Director. One
treatment with garlic is effective for 2 weeks and can repel
insects for up to one month. Moreover, garlic is easy on the
environment. Parker states, “It is a natural extract and does
not affect insects that are beneficial to suburban
landscapes.”
Garlic bulbs contain an amino acid that converts to a substance called allicin when
crushed, blended or chopped. The characteristic odor released because of this process has
powerful properties. “When garlic extract is absorbed by a plant, biochemical changes take place
in its foliage which cause it to actively repel insects,” says Parker, “In short, plants are provided
with a long-lasting case of ‘garlic breath’ that causes insects to move elsewhere.” However, the
treatment is odorless to humans within minutes of application.
Insects are naturally repulsed by the presence of the botanical extract. Therefore, they do not
build up a resistance to garlic treatments. Garlic can also be applied to many sensitive trees,
shrubs and turf that traditional treatments would harm. Parker added, “I get excited whenever a
natural solution produces results that are effective enough to compete on a large scale with
synthetic products.”
CHAPTER III

Research Methodology

This study contains the research design, respondents of the study, research instruments used,

Research Design

The researchers applied the numerical method involving the collection of data used to
specify the respondents that are being observed. This method is used to get information needed
about how long is the effectiveness of organic extracted Cymbopogon and Allium Sativum as
mosquito repellent that repels the mosquitoes.

The gathered data consisted of a structured questionnaire which is to get the effectiveness
of the organic extracted Cymbopogon and Allium Sativum as mosquito repellent and to
determine the response of the respondents.

Research Instrument

The researcher used a questionnaire as a main tool in gathering the data to provide the
necessary information. The researchers based on problems of this study and constructed the
questionnaire. Initial draft was made and submitted to the adviser for corrections and
suggestions. The connected questionnaire was finalized into type-written and was reproduced for
fielding.
The questionnaire contains the possible effects and outcomes of the organic mosquito
repellent whether it is long lasting effectiveness. It has five (5) questions and distributed to ten
(10) respondents who were present at that time. They were going to answer the questions based
on what they have observed in that night when they used the organic mosquito repellent
specifically the extracted Cymbopogon (lemongrass) and Allium Sativum (garlic).
Methods of Data Collection

The researcher personally made the organic mosquito repellent and distributed the
questionnaire to the 10 selected respondents in Kawit, Pagadian City. It was done after pleasant
introductory statements which explained the purposes of the study and its significance. Then it
was followed by a short discussion regarding the questionnaire. The researchers let the
respondents used the organic mosquito repellent overnight. In that night, the respondents will be
used the organic extracted Cymbopogon and Allium Sativum as mosquito repellent. The
questionnaire was answered after the experimentation.

Treatment of the Data

After the questionnaires were being collected, the researchers looked for the length of
time of the effectiveness of the organic mosquito repellent from the ten respondents that are
being asked.