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COMPARISON OF

EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM OF
PAKISTAN AND INDONESIA
PRESENTED BY:
ZAINAB IMRAN
ROLL NO:
2016-1911
SUBMITTED TO:
MAM TAYYABA AKRAM
Contents
◦ Why I choose Indonesia?
◦ Independence
◦ Flag Representation
◦ Geography
◦ Demography
◦ Culture
◦ Educational System
◦ Educational Hierarchy
◦ Examination System
◦ Recommendations
◦ Reference
Why I Choose Indonesia
◦ Indonesia is an Islamic Country. The reason I choose Indonesia is Its location on Map. Indonesia is an
archipelagic island country in South east Asia, lies between two oceans Pacific and Indian Ocean.
◦ Fourth most populous country.
◦ beaches and volcanoes
◦ High literacy rate
◦ Quality of Education
FLAG REPRESENTATION
INDEPENDENCE
Pakistan Indonesia
Pakistan achieved independence and was The Japanese invasion and subsequent
declared a independent nation following occupation in 1942–45 during WWII
the end of the British Raj on 14 ended Dutch rule, and encouraged the
August1947. previously suppressed Indonesian
independence movement. Two days after
Pakistan came into existence as a result of
the surrender of Japan on August 17,
the Pakistan Movement, which aimed for
1945, nationalist leader, Ir. Sukarno,
the creation of an
declared independence and became
independent Muslim state in the north-
western regions of South Asia via partition. president.
The movement was led by the All-India
Muslim League under the leadership
of Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
GEOGRAPHY
GEOGRAPHY
Pakistan
Continent Asia
Region South
Asia (Subcontinent).
Provinces: 4
Capital: Islamabad
Area : 796,095 km²
Pakistan is bordered
by India to the
east, Afghanistan to the
west and Iran to the
southwest while China
borders the country in
the northeast.
Geography
Indonesia
Continent: Asia
Area: 1.905 million km²
Provinces: 34
Capital: Jakarta
Indonesia is an archipelagic
island country in South east
Asia, lying between the Indian
Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.
Indonesia is located in
‘’Pacific Ring Of Fire’’ and
have 150 Volcanoes
According to a geospatial
survey conducted between
2007 and 2010 Indonesia has
13,466 islands
DEMOGRAPHY
Demographic Facts
Pakistan: Indonesia
◦ Population 207,774,520 (2017) ◦ Population: 261.1 million (2016)
◦ Growth rate 2.10 (2016) ◦ Population growth rate: 1.1 (2016)
◦ GDP per capita 1,468.19 USD (2016) ◦ GDP per capita 1769.42 USD (2016)
◦ Birth rate 29.8 births / 1,000 population ◦ Birth rate: 16.4 births/1,000 population (2016
(2016) est.)
◦ Death rate 7.5 deaths / 1,000 population ◦ Death rate: 6.4 deaths/1,000 population (2016
(2016) est.)
◦ Life expectancy 67.7 years (2016) ◦ Life expectancy: 69.07 years (2015) World Bank
Fertility rate 2.68 children born / woman ◦ Fertility rate: 2.44 births per woman
(2016) (2015) World Bank
Infant mortality rate 53.86 deaths / 1,000 ◦ Infant mortality rate: 23.5 deaths/1,000 live
live births (2016) births
Official Language Urdu and English ◦ Official language: Indonesian
Pakistan Indonesia
◦ President : Mamnoon Hussain ◦ President : Joko Widodo
Pakistan Indonesia

◦ National Animal : Markhoor ◦ National Animal : Komodo Dragon


Pakistan Indonesia
◦ Food: wheat, rice maize and etc ◦ Food : yam, sweet potato, potato, taro
and cassava.
◦ Religion: Islam
◦ Religion: Islam
◦ Culture :
◦ Culture:
Pakistani culture is a part of Islamic
civilization which draws its value and traditions “Unity in diversity”
from Islam and rich Islamic history. Majority of Almost 300 ethnic groups but all are unite by
population comprises of Muslims and follows their national language.
teachings of Islam.
Indonesia has many cultural practices being
Pakistani culture is a beautiful blend of the strongly influenced by a multitude of religions,
Punjabi, Sindhi, Pathan, Baluchi, Barohi, including Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism,
Seraiki and Kashmiri cultures. In addition, the Islam and Christianity, all strong in the major
presence of Hindu community in Sindh gives trading cities. The result is a complex cultural
touches of dance and music in the Sindhi mixture very different from the original
region. indigenous cultures.
EDUCATIONAL
SYSTEM
Pakistan Indonesia
◦ Minister of Education: ◦ Minister of Education and Culture:
Muhammad Baligh Ur Rehman Muhadjir Effendy

◦ National Education budget: Rs 2961.926 million


◦ GDP : 2.3% ◦ National education budget: IDR 416.1 trillion
◦ Literacy Rate ◦ GDP: 3.59 %
◦ Literacy (2011)
Total 58%
Total 92.81%
Male 69.6%
Male 95.59%
Female 42.7%
Female 90.07%
Pakistan Indonesia

Creative
Islamic Competent
Concept and
Independent
learner

High Cultural Democratic


Standard of Understandi and Civilized
ng Responsible Nation
Living citizen

Develop Enhance
Social Moral Curiosity and learners intellectual
Development Creativity potentials capacities
Pakistan Indonesia
◦ Education in Pakistan is overseen by the ◦ Education in Indonesia falls under the
Federal Ministry of Education and responsibility of the Ministry of Education
the provincial governments, whereas the and Culture and the Ministry of Religious
federal government mostly assists in Affairs.
curriculum development, accreditation and in ◦ All citizens must undertake twelve years
the financing of research and development. of compulsory education which consists of
◦ All citizens must undertake ten years of six years at elementary level and three each
compulsory education which consists of six at middle and high school levels.
years at elementary level and three each at ◦ Islamic schools are under the responsibility
middle and high school levels of the Ministry of Religious Affairs. Islamic
◦ The language of Instruction is English and education is offered at all levels.
Urdu. ◦ The language of instruction is Bahasa
Indonesia, but local regional languages may
be used in the first three years of primary
school.
Pakistan Indonesia
◦ Primary schools, in Pakistan there are a total of ◦ Primary schools 170,000
145,829 out of these 86% are in the public sector, ◦ Junior-secondary schools 40,00
whereas, 14% are in the private sector.
◦ High schools 26,000
◦ Middle schools 45,680 of which 37% are in public
sector, whereas 63% are in private sector. ◦ 84 percent of these schools are under the Ministry of
National Education (MoNE) and 16 percent under the
◦ High schools 31,740 of which 12,732 schools are Ministry of Religious Affairs (MoRA).
in the public sector, whereas 19,008 are in private
sector. ◦ Private schools only comprise 7% of the total schools
number
◦ There are total 163 universities providing their
services in both public and private sector of ◦ Higher education institutions 2,000 only 30 are
education. Out of these universities 91 (56%) are public.
public sector, whereas 72 (44%) are working under
the supervision of private sector as reflected.
Pakistan Indonesia
Article 25-A of Constitution of ◦ Indonesia has an act on Educational System
ACT NO 20 in year 2003.All the educational
Pakistan obligates the state to provide free and
organizations must follow the act. In Indonesia,
compulsoryeducation to childrens.
all citizens must undertake twelve years of
◦ "The State shall provide free and compulsory compulsory education.
education to all children of the age of five to
sixteen years in such a manner as may be
determined by law''
Formal
Education
Formal Education

Pakistan Indonesia
The Education system in pakistan is divided in
Basic Education (1 to 6 grade)
to five level: Free Education
◦ Primary level (class 1 to 5) Curriculum: Indonesian Math Sciece
The curriculum includes reading, writing, Basic education in the form:
arithmetic, general science, •Elementary School and Madrasah Ibtidaiyah
social studies, Islamic education, and •Junior High School and Madrasah Tsanawiyah
physical education. Secondary Education (6 to 12)
◦ Middle level (class 5 to 8) Secondary education is a continuation of basic
The curriculum includes the compulsory education.
subjects of Urdu, English, math, sciences, Curriculum: Indonesian , Math, Science, English
social studies, and Islamic studies. Non
Muslims are exempt from Islamic Studies. Secondary education in the form:
Instead they are taught Moral Education. 1. Senior High School , Madrasah Aliyah
2. Vocational School , Madrasah Aliyah Vocational
◦ Secondary level (9,10th) Higher Education
Compulsory subjects for all are English, Urdu,
◦ Higher education includes diplomas, bachelor's, master's, specialist,
Islamiat, Pakistan studies and math. and doctoral degrees are held by the college.
In addition, study the following subjects :
◦ Curriculum:
Science stream Humanities stream
◦ Comman subjects: English Indonsian and Maths.
However, rural areas often offer a limited choice of
subjects due to lack of staff and facilities,
◦ Intermediate level ( 11,12th) streams subjects
colleges or Univeristes
The students are offered the following subjects Natural Sciences Physics chemistry Biology
and streams by BISECompulsory subjects for all Social studies Eco. Geo.Sociology
groups: English, Urdu, Islamic education and language Indonesian literature, History
Pakistan studies ForeignLanguage
◦ Pre-engineering group Religion Tafsir, Hadith, Kalam, Arabic
◦ Pre-medical grouP Vocational History, Vocational Theory,
Vocational Practice
◦ University level (Graduation Master and ◦ Universities may take the form:
Research) 1. academy, 2. polytechnics, 3. high
Specialization of a specific subject. school, 4. institute, or 5. University
Formal and Non Formal Education
Pakistan Indonesia

◦ Out of formal system, public sectors runs ◦ Non-formal education serves to develop the potential of
numerous schools and training centers, most students with an emphasis on the mastery of knowledge and
being vocational-oriented. Among those functional skills as well as personality development and
institutions can be found: professional attitude.
◦ vocational schools, ◦ Non-formal education includes:
◦ technical training centers and
1. life skills education, 2. early childhood education,
◦ agriculture and
◦ vocational training centers. 3. youth education, 4. educational empowerment of
women,
◦ Informal education is important in Pakistan
and regroups school-leavers and low-skilled 5. vocational education and job training,
individuals, who are trained under supervision 6. educational equality.
of a senior craftsman.
Schools in Pakistan

Govt school
◦ Managed and financed by the government
..unfortunately the majority of the school are in
poor condition...There are no any merit system
,teacher and other staff are appointed by the
ministers on their own wishes...
◦ In rural areas,the building of public school are
mostly held by waderas and feudal. They use
them in as marriage hall,

Elite class schools (private schools )


◦ Elite class education system in pakistan got
successes very quickly today even poor prefer
to send their child in these private school but
because of high fee i.e city school ,BEACON
SCHOOL PAK TURK SCHOOL etc..
◦ Schools in Indonesia are run either
by the government (negeri) or private
sectors (swasta).
◦ Private schools refer to themselves as
"national plus schools" which means that
their curriculum to exceeds requirements
set by the Ministry of Education, especially
with the use of English as medium of
instruction or having an international-based
curriculum instead of the national one.
Madrasa
◦ Madrasa are the largest NGOs of the world today in
Pakistan about 8000 Madrasa are working in Pakistan.
They provide not only Education but also
accommodation and food. They provide lslamic as well
as worldly Education. The government should
introduced the reforms for the Madrasa and improve
their standard..They will be helpful in two ways...
◦ FIRSTLY, it will b provide free of cost education to poor
child.
◦ SECONDLY, it will lesson the burden the government...
Examination
SYSTEM In
Pakistan
Annual Semester Online Our educational
institutions are producing
“Not Men of Letters but
• At schools and • At university • Online exams men of money.” They are
college level level exams are are mostly held not learned people with
the system of may be Annual by open independent thinking and a
exams are or semester university wider and serious outlook
Annual • Mid on life.
• Tofel or Ielts
• 1st Term • Finals etc. Examination System may
• 2ND Term be :
• Final Term Annual
Semster
Online
Examination
System In
Indonesia
National Examinations are
administered by Ministry of
Junior Senior High
National Education. To pass
the exams, an overall
average of 6 is required
High school school (4.26 min for individual
Exams Exams subjects). Students are tested
in the following streams:
• Natural Science
• Social Science
• Language
National National Examinations are
Examinations organized Either Online or
Offline .For Higher
Education (Such as
Universities etc) same
system as in Pakistan
Flaws in Educational System
Pakistan Indonesia
◦ Medium of Education
◦ Teacher quality and teacher's
◦ Regional Disparity distribution
◦ Gender Disparity
◦ Curriculum
◦ Lack of Technical Education
◦ Corruption
◦ Low allocation of Funds
◦ Poor quality of Education In public
schools
◦ Unequal lines of Education
Recommendations
◦ Some suggestion for the improvement in the current education of Pakistan..
◦ We should enhance our Educational GDP and grants to improve our Quality of Education.
◦ "The sate shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of five to
sixteen year in such a manner as may be determined by law"
◦ But we see today in Pakistan that the condition of school and colleges of GOVT sector is worst
as compared to private school and collages. This is the mainly due to the syllabus and the
method of teaching in both GOVT and private sector...
`