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PRESENT SIMPLE

Affirmative Negative Interrogative


S + Verb / Verb – (e)s (aIIIa S + do not / don’t + Verb Do + S + Verb?
persoana singular) S + does not / doesn’t + Verb Does + S + Verb? (aIIIa persoana
(aIIIa persoana singular) singular)

Do you play football every day?


I go to school every day. I don’t like pizza. Yes, I do./ Yes, we do.
She washes the car once a week. She doesn’t sing. No, I don’t./No, we don’t.
We play footbal every Monday. We don’t play football every day. Does Jim play football on Sundays?
He plays the piano every day. She doesn’t play the piano on Yes, he does.
Mondays. No, he doesn’t.

-es se adauga verbelor terminate in: -x; -s; -z; -ch; -sh; -o; consoana+y (y devine I):
I wash – she washes; I go – she goes

-es se citeste: - iz – after: /s/; /∫/; /t∫/; /dз/: kisses; washes; teaches.
-z – after consonant+y: tries; cries.

UTILIZARE:
Se foloseste:

- pentru situatii sau stari permanente:


Mary works in a supermarket.

- pentru actiuni repetate/obisnuite (in special cu adverbele de frecventa: often, usually, seldom, rarely, etc.):
He always does his homework. (“always” inseamna “every day”)

- pentru adevaruri generale sau legi ale naturii:


Water boils at 100ºC.
- pentru programe/orare (sens de viitor):
The conference starts at 9 a.m.

- pentru recenzii/comentarii sportive/naratiuni:


The goal-keeper misses the ball and one more goal is scored.
- pentru a exprima placerea/neplacerea:
I like reading novels.
Jim doesn’t like watching TV.
- in propozitii exclamative:
Here comes the bride!

EXPRESII DE TIMP:
every day/week/month/year; once/twice a day/week/month/year; number + times + a day/week/month/year
(three times a year); in the morning/evening/afternoon; on Mondays/Tuesdays/Wednesdays/Fridays
Adverbe de frecventa: always, often, usually, seldom, never, rarely; sometimes;vfrequently; occasionally; etc.

POZITIA ADVERBELOR DE FRECVENTA:

- Daca propozitia are un verb in ea (fara verb auxiliary) adverbul se pune dupa subiect si inainte de verb:
Subject Adverb Verb
Jane usually goes to work by bus
They often have to wait for the bus.
- Adverbul urmeaza dupa auxiliarul "be":
Subject Adverb Verb
Jane is often late

- In raspunsuri scurte preceda verbul be:


Speaker 1: Is she usually on time? Speaker 1: Tell her not to be late.
Speaker 2: Yes, she usually is. Speaker 1: She never is.

- Daca propozitia are mai mult de un verb (are si verb auxiliary sau modal) de obicei adverbul se pune dupa
auxiliary sau modal si inaintea verbului de conjugat.
Subject Verb 1 Adverb Verb 2
Mary can never remember what to do.
Jane doesn't usually smoke.
They have often asked about the project.

- Pentru a accentua, putem pune adverbul la inceputul sau sfarsitul propozitiei.


Adverb Subject Verb
Sometimes we go to school by bus.

Exceptii:
"Always" nu poate fi folosit la inceputul sau sfarsitul propozitiei.
"Never", "seldom", "rarely" nu pot fi folosite la sfarsitul propozitiei.
Never has there been a better time to overcome our fears.
Rarely do we have an opportunity like this to attain to such an interesting workshop.
Seldom had the orchestra given a worse performance.

- Cand folosim adverbele de frecventa in interrogative acesta vor precede verbul de conjugat.
Auxiliary verb Subject Adverb Verb
Does he often go to the cinema

Exceptii:
"Never", "seldom", "rarely" si alte adverbe de frecventa negative sunt intotdeauna urmate de un verb la forma
afirmativa.