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MSS SP-105-1996

Reaffirmed 2005

Instrument Valves
for Code Applications

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Standard Practice
Developed and Approved by the
Manufacturers Standardization Society of the
Valve and Fittings Industry, Inc.
127 Park Street, NE
Vienna, Virginia 22180
Phone: (703) 281- 6613 www.mss-hq.com
Fax: (703) 281- 6671
e-mail: info@mss.hq.com

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MSS STANDARD PRACTICE SP- 105

This MSS Standard Practice was developed under the consensus of the MSS Technical Committees 115 and the
MSS Coordinating Committee. The content of this Standard Practice is the result of the efforts of competent and
concerned volunteers to provide an effective, clear, and non-exclusive specification that will benefit the industry
as a whole. This MSS Standard Practice is intended as a basis for common practice by the manufacturer, the user,
and the general public. The existence of an MSS Standard Practice does not in itself preclude the manufacture,
sale, or use of products not conforming to the Standard Practice. Mandatory conformance is established only by
reference in a code, specification, sales contract, or public law, as applicable.

Substantive changes in this 1995 edition are “flagged” by parallel bars


as shown on the margins of this paragraph. The specific detail of the
change may be determined by comparing the material flagged with
that in the previous edition.

Other standards documents referred to herein are identified by the date of issue that
was applicable to this standard at the date of issue of this standard. See Annex A.
This standard shall remain silent o n the applicability of those other standards of
prior or subsequent dates of issue even though provisions of concern may not have
changed. References contained herein which are bibliographic in nature are noted as
“supp1emental’’in the text.

Any part of this standard may be quoted. Credit lines should read <extractedfrom MSS SP-105,1996, Rea$
jìrmed 2005 with permission of the publisher, the Manufacturers Standardization Society, ’ Reproduction pro-
hibited under copyright convention unless written permission is granted by the Manufacturers Standardization
Society of the Valve and Fittings Industv, Inc.

Originally Approved July 1990

Copyright O, 1990 by
Manufacturers Standardization Society
of the
Valve and Fittings Industry, Inc.
Printed in U.S.A.

1
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MSS STANDARD PRACTICE SP-105

I CONTENTS I
SECTION PAGE
1. SCOPE ............................................................................... 1
2. DEFINITIONS ....................................................................... 1
3. MATERIALS ......................................................................... 1
- _....
...............
4. UbSlCiN KbQUlKbMkN IS ........................................................... 2
5. QUALIFICATION .................................................................... 3
6. ACCEPTANCE TESTING ............................................................. 5
7. MARKING ........................................................................... 5

FIGURE 1 .
DIRECT MOUNTED INSTRUMENT MANIFOLD GASKET GROOVE
AND FLANGE DETAILS .................................................. 4

ANNEX A REFERENCED
. STANDARDS ............................................... 6

11
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MSS STANDARD PRACTICE SP-105

INSTRUMENT VALVES FOR CODE APPLICATIONS

1. SCOPE 2.4. Control piping: Piping used to intercon-


nect pneumatically or hydraulically operated
1.1 This Standard Practice applies to small control apparatus, or to signal transmission
valves and manifolds developed for and pre- systems.
dominately used in instrument, control and
sampling piping systems. It covers steel and 2.5 Sampling piping: Piping used for the col-
alloy valves of 1” nominal pipe size and smaller, lection of samples (such as steam, water, oil,
and pressure ratings of 10,000 psi and lower at gas, and chemicals) from process systems.
100°F.
2.6 Manifold valve: Two or more instrument
1.2 This Standard Practice applies to instru- I valves fabricated into a single valve body. I
ment valve designs including but not limited to
needle valves, packless valves, ball valves, plug 2.7 Cold working pressure rating: The maxi-
valves, check valves and manifold valves. Instru- mum allowable working pressure of a valve at
ment valves are generally of proprietary design; ambient conditions (-20” F to IOO’F), abbrevi-
this Standard Practice is not intended to define ated CWP.
or limit designs, construction, performance,
envelope dimensions, or valve types. 2.8 Pressure boundary parts: The following
items are defined to be pressure boundary
1.3 The application of valve type, size, rating, parts. Each item may not apply to all valve
materials of construction, and suitability for designs.
the service are the responsibility of the pur- a) Body
chaser and are outside the scope of this
standard. b) Bonnet
c.) Union Nut
2. DEFINITIONS d) Body to Bonnet Bolting
e) Body Bolting
2.1 General. Definitions given in MSS SP-96
apply to this Standard Practice. 2.9 Packless valve: A valve with a diaphrcigm
or bellows stem seal instead of a packing or


2.2 Instrument valves: Valves designed for use O-ring seal at the stem.
in instrument, control and sampling piping sys-
I tems (e.g. see ASME B31.1, Article 122.3).
3. MATERIALS
2.3 Instrument piping: Piping used to inter-
connect pneumatically or hydraulically operated 3.1 General. The pressure boundary parts of
control apparatus, or to signal transmission the valve shall be made of the materials speci-
systems. fied herein.

3.2 Non-pressure boundary parts (such as


the stem, glands, packing nut) shall be made of
materials compatible with the pressure bound-
ary parts materials.

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MSS STANDARD PRACTICE SP-105

3.3 The following materials are acceptable for 4.1.6 The manufacturer shall provide pressure
use as pressure boundary parts: ratings for temperatures above 100'F. This
temperature is the temperature of the pressure-

l
a) Materials listed in ASME/ANSI B16.34 containing shell of the component. In general,
b) Materials listed in ASME B3 1.1 this temperature is the same as that of the
contained fluid. Use of a pressure rating corre-
c) Materials listed in ASME B31.3
sponding to a temperature other than that of the
d) Materials listed in ASME Boiler and contained fluid is the responsibiiity of the user,
Presswe Vesse! Code, Sectim II!. subject io the requirements oî appiimbie codes
I and regulations.
3.4 Certified material test reports shall be
obtained for pressure boundary parts materials. 4.2 End connections
Certifications shall include chemical analysis
and mechanical properties. 4.2.1 Pipe threads. Tapered pipe threads shall
be in accordance with one of the following:

4. DESIGN REQUIREMENTS a) ANSI/ ASME B1.20.1 Pipe Threads,


General Purpose (Inch)
4.1 Valves designed in accordance with this b) ANSI B1.20.3 Pipe Threads, Dryseal
practice shall have their working pressure (Inch)
established by calculation, hydrostatic proof
c) ANSI/CGA V-1 Compressed Gas Cylin-
and burst tests or both as specified in Section 5. der Valve Outlet and Inlet Connections
4.1.1 Qualification of valves designed to para-
graph 4.1 shall be conducted on each design and 4.2.2 Pipe socket weld connections: The socket
size of valve to establish the CWP rating. bore diameter and the depth of socket shall be
in accordance with the dimensions and toler-
4.1.2 The CWP rating of valves of identical I ances of ASME B16.11. I
design and size but made of different materials
shall be proportional to the allowable stress of 4.2.3 Tube socket weld dimensions shall be in
each material or may be determined by hydro- accordance with the manufacturer's standard.
static qualification tests on valves made of each
material, at the manufacturer's option. 4.2.4 Butt weld connections for pipe shall have

4.1.3 The CWP rating of valves of identical


design and size but with different end connec-
I an end preparation in accordance with ASME
B16.25. I
4.2.5 Butt weld connections for tube shall
tions shall be determined by the rating of the be in accordance with the manufacturer's
valve or the end connection, whichever is less. standard.
4.1.4 The CWP rating of a valve design may 4.2.6 Pipe or tube stub extension end connec-
be established by the manufacturer at a value tions may 'be socket welded or butt welded to
lower than the rating allowed by the qualifica- the valve. The diameter and wall thickness shall
tion tests of Section 5. In that case the lower be the manufacturer's standard. The standard
pressure rating may be established for a valve stub extension lengths are 3" or 6", measured
design and size, regardless of materials or end from the end of the valve.
connections. Such reduced ratings are usually
dictated by performance limitations such as 4.2.7 Mechanical tube fittings shall be in
operating torque, cycle life, or non-metallic accordance with the manufacturer's design.
component limitations. Fittings may be machined integral with, welded,
or threaded to the valve body.

I 4.1.5 Packing nut adjustment may be necessary


to compensate for temperature change.
I
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MSS STANDARD PRACTICE SP-105

4.2.8 Weld qualifications for end connections 5.4 Material properties: The actual tensile and
welded to the valve body shall be in accordance yield strength of the pressure boundary parts
with ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, of the test specimens shall be obtained from
Section IX. heat traceable material certifications or by
submitting sample material from the same lot
4.2.9 Other end connections not listed herein to testing in accordance with the procedures of
may be provided as agreed upon by the manu- the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code,
facturer and purchaser. Section VIJI, Article UG-IO1 (J).

4.3 Direct Mounted Instrument Manifold 5.5 Proof test procedure


Gasket Groove and Flange Details: The stand-
ard groove for gaskets and minimum flange or 5.5.1 Each test valve shall pass a hydrostatic
plate thickness shall be per Figure 1. Other proof test in accordance with the following
groove dimensions shall be considered special. minimum requirements:

a) Fluid: Water or hydraulic oil


5. QUALIFICATION
b) Temperature: 50°F to 125°F
5.1 General: Valve designs shall be qualified c) Pressure: Two times the CWP rating
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by calculation and hydrostatic proof or hydro- I d) Time: One minute, minimum, at proof
static proof and burst tests at the option of the pressure
manufacturer.

I I
e) Position: Placed in all positions capable of
subjecting pressure boundary components
5.2 Documentation
to internal pressure.
5.2.1 Hydrostatic proof and burst tests shall
be conducted in accordance with the manu- 5.5.2 There shall be no visible leakage during
facturer’s written procedure. Copies of the test the proof test at any pressure containing part,
procedure and test reports shall be kept on file joint, or seal.
by the manufacturer.
I 5.5.3 The stem packing may be adjusted dur- I
ing the proof test to stop leakage. No other
5.2.2 Stress and pressure rating calculations
shall be in accordance with the methods in this adjustments are permitted on any other pres-
standard practice. Copies of the calculations sure boundary joints or seals.
shall be kept on file by the manufacturer.
5.6 Burst test procedure
5.3 Test valves: Valves shall have their ratings I
I confirmed 5.6.1 Each test valve shall be hydrostatically
by testing 3 production valves by the
method described in paragraph 5.5.
I shell tested to failure by rupture. The hydrostatic I
pressure at which rupture occurs shall be
I 5.3.1 Similar valves of the same size and design I recorded. The same valves used for the proof
test shall be used for the burst test.
but having minor modifications, may also be
considered qualified. Where those modifications
5.6.2 Leakage is permitted at the valve pack-
would increase the level of stress in pressure
ing, gaskets, and pressure retaining joints dur-
boundary parts the rating must be reduced
ing the burst test, at pressures above the proof
proportionately to the ratio of the stresses.
pressure.
Stresses are to be calculated as specified in
Section 5.8. If the materials have different 5.6.3 If the hydrostatic test is stopped before
strengths, the ratio of material allowable stresses rupture occurs, the highest sustained pressure
shall also be used to determine the new rating. attained shall be considered the burst pressure
for that valve.

3
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MSS STANDARD PRACTICE SP-105

t-. 935
:945
REF-

:::i --t-
BREAK EDGE
TYP .015 MAX TYP
=015

,080
.085
I
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2 5 p 2 y - j DETAIL A

I FIGURE 1 - DIRECT MOUNTED INSTRUMENT MANIFOLD GASKET GROOVE


AND FLANGE DETAILS I
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MSS STANDARD PRACTICE SP-105
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5.7 Pressure rating determination: When de- 5.8.3 The working pressure at a temperature
termined by the method of paragraph 5.6, the other than the CWP is calculated by multiply-
CWP rating shall be less than or equal to the ing the CWP by the ratio of the allowable stress
pressure determined from the burst pressure as at the new temperature divided by the allow-
follows: able stress at the CWP, although as in Section
4.1.4, performance limitations may further
P 0.25 B T,/Ta restrict the working pressure at any given
temperature.
WHERE
P = CWP Rating
6. ACCEPTANCE TESTING
B = The lowest burst test pressure re- Each production valve shall pass a seat leakage
corded for the three specimens tested test and a shell test in accordance with MSS
Ta = Actual tensile strength of the test SP-61.
specimen
T, = Specified minimum tensile strength 7. MARKING
of the material
5.8 Calculations 7.1 Each valve shall be maked in accordance
with MSS SP-25 with at least the following:
5.8. I Stress calculations shall be in accordance a) Manufacturer’s identification
I with ASME B31.1, ASME B31.3, or ASME I
Sec. III, whichever is applicable. b) How direction (if applicable)
c) Manufacturer’s model number
5.8.1.1 No allowance for corrosion need be
taken unless required by the user. Where cor- d) Material grade (unless coded in model
rosion will be present the manufacturer and number)
user may agree to rate the valve based on the
anticipated corrosion rate and required length 7.2 Additional markings may be applied in
of service. T h e y e r is responsible for monitor- accordance with MSS SP-25.
ing the condition of the valve’s pressure
boundary walls.

5.8.2 Allowable stresses shall be in accordance


with the Maximum Allowable Stress Tables in
I ASME B31.1,ASME B31.3,orASME Sec. III, I
whichever is applicable.

5
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MSS STANDARD PRACTICE SP-105

ANNEX A
LIST OF REFERENCED STANDARDS

This annex is an integral part of this Standard Practice which is placed after the main text for convenience. List of
standards and specifications referenced in this Standard Practice show the year of approval.

ANSI B1.20.3 - 1987 Dryseal Pipe Threads (Inch)

ANSI/ASME B1.20.1 - 1983 Pipe Threads, General Purpose (Inch)


(R 1992)

ANSI/CGA V-1 - 1994 Compressed Gas Cylinder Valve Outlet and Inlet Connections

ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section III


ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII, Division I
ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section IX
ASME B16.11 - 1991 Forged Steel Fittings, Socket-Welding and Threaded
ASME B16.25 - 1992 Buttwelding Ends
ASME B31.1 - 1992 Power Piping
ASME B31.3 - 1993 Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping

ASME/ANSI B16.34 - 1988 Valves - Flanged, Threaded and Welding End

MSS SP-25-1993 Standard Marking System for Valves, Fittings, Flanges and Unions
MSS SP-61-1992 Pressure Testing of Steel Valves
MSS SP-96-1991 Guidelines on Terminology for Valves and Fittings

(R) denotes year of reaffirmation

Publications of the following organizations appear above.

ANSI American National Standards Institute, Inc.


11 West 42nd Street, 13th Floor
New York, NY 10036

ASME The American Society of Mechanical Engineers


345 East 47th Street
New York, NY 10017

CGA Compressed Gas Association


1235 Jefferson Davis Highway
Arlington, VA 22202

MSS Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and Fittings Industry, Inc.
127 Park Street, NE
Vienna, VA 22 180-4602

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List of MSS Standard Practices
(Price List Available Upon Request)
Number
SP-6-2001 Standard Finishes for Contact Faces of Pipe Flanges and Connecting-End Flanges of Valves and Fittings
SP-9-2001 (R 05) Spot Facing for Bronze, Iron and Steel Flanges
SP-25-1998 Standard Marking System For Valves, Fittings, Flanges and Unions
SP-42-2004 Class 150 Corrosion Resistant Gate, Globe, Angle and Check Valves with Flanged and Butt Weld Ends
SP-43-1991 (R 01) Wrought Stainless Steel Butt-welding Fittings
SP-44-1996 (R 01) Steel Pipeline Flanges
SP-45-2003 Bypass and Drain Connections
SP-51-2003 Class 150LW Corrosion Resistant Flanges and Cast Flanged Fittings
SP-53-1999 (R 02) Quality Standard for Steel Castings and Forgings for Valves, Flanges, and Fittings and Other Piping Componets - Magnetic Particle
Examination Method
SP-54-1999 (R 02) Quality Standard for Steel Castings for Valves, Flanges, and Fittings and Other Piping Components - Radiographic Examination Method
SP-55-2001 Quality Standard for Steel Castings for Valves, Flanges, Fittings, and Other Piping Components - Visual Method for Evaluation of
Surface Irregularities
SP-58-2002 Pipe Hangers and Supports - Materials, Design, and Manufacture
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SP-60-2004 Connecting Flange Joint Between Tapping Sleeves and Tapping Valves
SP-61-2003 Pressure Testing of Steel Valves
~pgr;.~~gq High Prcssure Chemira! Industri Flanges an6 Thieacled Stubs foi Use vvith Lens Gcrshets
SP-67-2002a Butterfly Valves
SP-68-1997 (R 04) High Pressure Butterfly Valves with Offset Design
SP-69-2003 ANSVMSS Edition - Pipe Hangers and Supports- Selection and Application
SP-70-1998 Cast Iron Gate Valves, Flanged and Threaded Ends
SP-71-1997 Gray Iron Swing Check Valves, Flanged and Threaded Ends
SP-72-1999 Ball Valves with Flanged or Butt Welding Ends for General Service
SP-73-2003 Brazing Joints for Copper and Copper Alloy Pressure Fittings
SP-75-2004 Specification for High Test Wrought Butt Welding Fittings
SP-77-1995 (R 00) Guidelines for Pipe Support Contractual Relationships
SP-78-1998 Cast Iron Plug Valves, Flanged and Threaded Ends
SP-79-2004 Socket-Welding Reducer Inserts
SP-80-2003 Bronze Gate, Globe, Angle, and Check Valves
SP-81-2001 Stainless Steel, Bonnetless, Flanged Knife Gate Valves
SP-82-1992 Valve Pressure Testing Methods
SP-83-2001 Class 3000 Steel Pipe Unions, Socket Welding and Threaded
SP-85-2002 Gray Iron Globe &Angle Valves, Flanged and Threaded Ends
SP-86-2002 Guidelines for Metric Data in Standards for Valves, Flanges, Fittings, and Actuators
SP-88-1993 (R 01) Diaphragm Valves
SP-89-2003 Pipe Hangars and Supports - Fabrication and Installation Practices
SP-90-2000 Guidelines on Terminology for Pipe Hangers and Supports
SP-91-1992 (R 96) Guidelines for Manual Operations of Valves
SP-92-1999 MSS Valve User Guide
SP-93-1999 (R 04) Quality Standard for Steel Castings and Forgings for Valves, Flanges, and Fittings and Other Piping Components-Liquid Penetrant
Examination Method
SP-94-1999 (R 04) Quality Std for Ferritic and Martensitlc Steel Castings for Valves, Flanges, and Fittings and Other Piping Components-Ultrasonic
Examination Method
SP-95-2000 Swage(d) Nipples and Bull Plugs
SP-96-2001 (R 05) Guidelines on Terminologyfor Valves and Fittings
SP-97-2001 Integrally Reinforced Forged Branch Outlet Fittings-Socket Welding, Threaded, and Buttwelding Ends
SP-98-2001 Protective Coatings for the Interior of Valves, Hydrants, and Fittings
SP-99-1994 (R 05) Instrument Valves
sP-100-2002 Qualification Requirements for Elastomer Diaphragms for Nuclear Service Diaphragm Valves
SP-101-1989 (R 01) Part-Turn Valve Actuator Attachment-Flange and Driving Component Dimensions and Performance Characteristics
SP-I 02-1989 (R 01) Multi-Turn Valve Actuator Attachment - Flange and Driving Component Dimensions and Performance Characteristics
SP-103-1995 (R 00) Wrought Copper and Copper Alloy Insert Fittings for Polybutylene Systems
SP-104-2003 Wrought Copper Solder Joint Pressure Fittings
SP-105-1996 (R 05) Instrument Valves for Code Applications
SP-106-2003 Cast Copper Alloy Flanges and Flanged Fittings, Class 125, 150 and 300
SP-108-2002 Resilient-Seated Cast-Iron Eccentric Plug Valves
SP-109-1997 Welded Fabricated Copper Solder Joint Pressure Fittings
SP-110-1996 Ball Valves Threaded, Socket-Welding, Solder Joint, Grooved and Flared Ends
SP-111-2001 Gray-Iron and Ductile-Iron Tapping Sleeves
SP-112-1999 (R 04) Quality Standard for Evaluation of Cast Surface Finishes - Visual and Tactile Method. This SP must be sold with a IO-surface, three
dimensional Cast Surface Comparator, which is a necessary part of the Standard.
Additional Comparators may be sold separately at $70.00 each. Same quantity discounts apply on total order.
SP-113-2001 Connecting Joint between Tapping Machines and Tapping Valves
SP-114-2001 Corrosion Resistant Pipe Fittings Threaded and Socket Welding, Class 150 and 1O00
SP-115-1999 Excess Flow Valves 1 1/4 NPS and Smaller, for Fuel Gas Service
SP-116-2003 Service-Line Valves and Fittings for Drinking Water Systems
SP-117-2002 Bellows Seals for Globe and Gate Valves
SP-I 18-2002 Compact Steel Globe & Check Valves - Flanged, Flangeless, Threaded, 8 Welding Ends (Chemical & Petroleum Refinery Service)
SP-119-2003 Factory-Made Wrought Belled End Socket-Welding Fittings
SP-120-2002 Flexible Graphite Packing System for Rising Stem Steel Valves (Design Requirements)
SP-121-1997 (R 02) Qualification Testing Methods for Stem Packing for Rising Stem Steel Valves
SP-I 22-2005 Plastic Industrial Ball Valves
SP-I 23-1998 Non-Ferrous Threaded and Solder-Joint Unions for Use With Copper Water Tube
SP-I 24-2001 Fabricated Tapping Sleeves
SP-125-2000 Gray Iron and Ductile Iron In-Line, Spring-Loaded, Center-Guided Check Valves
SP-126-2000 Steel In-Line Spring-Assisted Center Guided Check Valves
SP-127-2001 Bracing for Piping Systems Seismic-Wind-Dynamic Design, Selection, Application
SP-129-2003 Copper-Nickel Socket-Welding Fittings and Unions
SP-130-2003 Bellows Seals for Instrument Valves
SP-131-2004 Metallic Manually Operated Gas Distribution Valves
SP-132-2004 Compression Packing Systems for Instrument Valves
SP-I 33-2005 Excess Flow Valves for Low Pressure Fuel Gas ADDlianCeS
(R YEAR) Indicates year standard reaffirmed without substantive changes'

A large number of former MSS Practices have been approved by the ANSI or ANSI Standards, published by others. In order to maintain a single source
of authoritative information, the MSS withdraws its Standard Practice in such cases.

Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and Fittings Industry, Inc.


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