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MCQS

Note: Four possible answers are given. Encircle the most appropriate answer. Cutting,
overwriting or use of ink remover will be awarded zero marks. Tick () the correct option:
1: The temperature of -2730C on Kelvin scale is
(a) 273 K (b) 373K (c) -273K (d) 0K

2: In reversible process the entropy


(a) decreases (b) remain same
(c) increases (d) initially increases then decreases
3: Isothermal process is carried out at constant
(a)volume (b) pressure (c) energy (d) temperature
4: At constant pressure the graph between V and T is
(a) hyperbola (b) straight line (c) ellipse (d) parabola

5: At constant temperature if the volume of given gas is doubled then density of the gas become
(a) double (b) 1/4 of original
(c) unchanged (d) 1/2 of original
6: The amount of heat required to melt 1kg of ice at 00C is called
(a) heat of vaporization (b) heat capacity
(c) heat of fusion (d) none of these
7: Efficiency of an ideal engine can only be 100% when
(a) working substance is highly active and pure (b) working substance is in abundance
(c)temperature of source is very light (d) temperature of sink is zero K.
8: Boltzman’s constant ‘k’ is given by
R 1 NA
(a) (b) (c) (d) RN A
NA RN A R
9: Entropy of universe is increasing day by day due to
(a) power generating process (b) due to energy use into work
(c) depletion of ozone (d) all of these.
10: Which is not example of adiabatic process
(a) rapid escape of air from burst tyre (b) rapid expansion of air
(c) conversion of water into ice in refrigerator (d) cloud formation in the atmosphere
11: The efficiency of petrol engine is about
(a) 25% – 30% (b) 30% – 35% (c) 10% – 30% (d) 35% – 40%
12: Value of triple point of water is given as
(a) zero K (b) 100 K (c) 273.16 K (d) 373.16 K
13: Carnot cycle is
(a) reversible (b) irreversible (c) both (d) None
14: The efficiency of petrol engine is about
(a) 20 to 25% (b) 30 to 35% (c) 35 to 40% (d) 25% to 30%
15: The process which is carried out at constant temperature is called
(a) Isothermal (b) Adiabatic (c) Isochoric (d) Isobaric
16: Isothermal process is carried out at constant
(a) volume (b) pressure (c) temperature (d) energy
17: The triple point of water is
(a) Ok (b) 100 K (c) 273.16K (d) 373. K

Physics Part-I Chapter No: 11 Page: 1


Physics Part-I Chapter No: 11 Page: 2
Short Questions:
(1) What is adiabatic process?
(2) What happens to the temperature of the room, when an air-conditioner is left running on a
table in the middle of the room?
(3) Define internal energy.
(4) Is it possible to construct a heat engine that will not expel heat into atmosphere?
(5) Specific heat of a gas at constant pressure is greater than specific heat at constant volume why?
(6) Why is the average velocity of the molecules in a gas zero but the average of the square of
velocities is not zero?
(7) Why does the pressure of a gas in a car tyre increase when it is driven through some
distance?
(8) Given an example of a process in which no heat is transferred to or from the system but the
temperature of the system changes.
(9) Can the mechanical energy be converted completely into heat energy? If so given an example.
(10) Does entropy of a system increases or decreases due to friction?
(11) Give an example of a natural process that involves an increase in entropy.
(12) Derive Charles Law from kinetic theory of Gas molecules.
(13) What is triple point of water?
(14) A molecule of gas having mass ‘m’ moving with velocity v collides with wall of container
and rebounds. What is the change in momentum?
(15) State Law of increases of entropy.
(16) Differentiate between reversible and irreversible process?
(17) Define molar specific heat of a gas at constant volume and at constant pressure?
(18) Define Entropy and give its unit.
(19) Derive Charles Law from kinetic theory of Gas molecules.
(20) What do you mean by Reversible process?
(21) State clause’s statement of Second Law of thermodynamics?
(22) State Carnot’s theorem?
(23) What energies has a diatomic gas molecules?
(24) What is thermodynamics?
(25) What is Principle of Refrigerator?
(26) Does the efficiency of Carnot engine depend on the nature of working substance?
(27) Define thermodynamic Scale of temperature?
(28) What is heat Engine?
(29) Define Adiabatic process. Give its examples
(30) Differentiate between Heat and Temperature
(31) Derive Boyle’s Law from Kinetic theory of gases?
(32) What is the relation between absolute temperature and Average K.E of the gas molecules?

Physics Part-I Chapter No: 11 Page: 3


(33) Write any three postulates of kinetic theory of gases?

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