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UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PERLIS

PPK ALAM SEKITAR

EAT 231: THERMODYNAMICS


TUTORIAL 2 – Properties of Pure Substances

1. (Q 3-23) Complete this table for water:


T, 0C P, kPa h, kJ/kg x Phase description
200 0.7
140 1800 Saturated vapor
950 0.0
80 500
800 3162.2

2. (Q 3-25) if sufficient data are provided, complete the blank cells in the
following table of properties of water. In the last column describe the condition
of water as compressed liquid, saturated mixture, superheated vapor, or
insufficient information; and, if applicable, give the quality
P, kPa T, 0C v, m3/kg h, kJ/kg Condition description
200 2706.3
130 0.650
400 3277.0
800 30
450 147.90

3. (Q 3-29) One kg of water fills a 150-L rigid container at an initial pressure of 2


MPa. The container is then cooled to 400C. Determine the initial temperature
and the final pressure of the water.

4. (Q 3-74) A rigid tank contains an ideal gas at 12270C and 200 kPa gage. The
gas is cooled until the gage pressure reads 50 kPa. If the atmospheric
pressure is 100 kPa, determine the final temperature of the gas.

5. (Q 3-84) Determine the specific volume of superheated water vapor at 3.5


MPa and 4500C based on (a) the ideal-gas equation, (b) the generalized
compressibility chart, and (c) the steam tables. Determine the error involved in
the first two cases.
6. (Q 3-88) Methane at 8 MPa and 300 K is heated at constant pressure until its
volume has increased by 50 percent. Determine the final temperature using
the ideal gas equation of state and the compressibility factor. Which of these
two results is more accurate?

7. (Q 3-102) On a certain day, the temperature and relative humidity of air over a
large swimming pool are measured to be 200C and 40 percent, respectively.
Determine the water temperature of the pool when the phase equilibrium
conditions are established between the water in the pool and the vapor in the
air.

8. (Q 3-119) The gage pressure of an automobile tire is measured to be 200 kPa


before a trip 220 kPa after the trip at a location where the atmospheric
pressure is 90 kPa. Assuming the volume of the tire remains constant at
0.035 m3, determine the percent increase in the absolute temperature of the
air in the tire.

9. (Q 3-121) A tank whose volume is unknown is divided into two parts by a


partition. One side of the tank contains 0.03 m3 of refrigerant-134a that is a
saturated liquid at 1.2 MPa, while the other side is evacuated. The partition is
now removed, and the refrigerant fills the entire tank. If the final state of the
refrigerant is 300C and 400 kPa, determine the volume of the tank.

R-134a
V = 0.03 m3 Evacuated
P = 1.2 MPa

10. (Q 3-125) A tank contains helium at 770C and 110 kPa gage. The helium is
heated in a process by heat transfer from the surroundings such that the
helium reaches a final equilibrium state at 300 0C. Determine the final gage
pressure of the helium. Assume atmospheric pressure is 100 kPa.