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Mass Proper es Of Aluminium Sec on Alloy‐6063‐T6:

01.Main Mullion‐with S ffner

02.S ffner
03.Mullion‐without S ffner
Elas city of Steel Es ≔ 200 GPa

Elas city of Aluminum Ea ≔ 70 GPa

Major Moment Of Iner a of Aluminum Iax ≔ 2714.55 cm 4

Minor Moment Of Iner a of Aluminum Iay ≔ 129.07 cm 4

Major Moment Of Iner a of Steel Insert Isx ≔ 347.17 cm 4

Minor Moment Of Iner a of Steel Insert Isy ≔ 15.25 cm 4

Es
Major Moment Of Iner a Ixx_1 ≔ Iax + ―⋅ Isx = ⎛⎝3.706 ⋅ 10 3 ⎞⎠ cm 4
Ea

Es
Minor Moment Of Iner a Iyy_1 ≔ Iay + ―⋅ Isy = 172.641 cm 4
Ea
Centroid about X‐Axis Cx_1 ≔ 2.80 cm

Centroid about Y‐Axis Cy_1 ≔ 15.87 cm

Ixx_1
Major Sec onal Modulus Zxx_1 ≔ ―― = 233.5516 cm 3
Cy_1
Iyy_1
Minor Sec onal Modulus: Zyy_1 ≔ ―― = 61.658 cm 3
Cx_1
Area of Cross Sec on A1 ≔ 33.19 cm 2

Radius of Gyra on: rx1 ≔ 9.6 cm = 9.6 cm

ry1 ≔ 2.085 cm = 2.085 cm

Major Plas c Modulus Sxx1 ≔ 240.07 cm 3

Minor Plas c Modulus Syy1 ≔ 56 cm 3


Derived Load From STAAD Analysis:
Refer to Staad Pro model @2.25kPa

Factored Forces:

Factor Of Safety: FDL ≔ 1.35 FWL ≔ 1.5 Table 3.1 of BS ‐ 8118 ‐ 1991

Maximum Bending Moment: Mx ≔ 24.63 kN ⋅ m

My ≔ 0 kN ⋅ m

Maximum Shear Force: Vx ≔ 18.19 kN

Vy ≔ 0 kN

Maximum Axial Force Pm ≔ 5.69 kN
Deflec on Check

Combine Mullion Max Deflec on: Δact ≔ 19.69 mm

h
Max Permissible Deflec on: Δper ≔ ―― = 27.225 mm ,h ≔ 5445 mm
200

Mullion = min ⎛⎝Δper , 25 mm⎞⎠ = 25 mm

Δper > Δact = 1

Hence mullion is safe in deflec on:
Male Mullion‐ factored Forces:

Maximum Bending Moment: Mxm ≔ Mx = 24.63 kN ⋅ m Mym ≔ My = 0 kN ⋅ m

Maximum Shear Force Vxm ≔ Vx = 18.19 kN Vym ≔ Vy = 0 kN

Maximum Axial Force Pam ≔ Pm = 5.69 kN

Shear Forces & Bending moment Calcula ons For Mullion:

Max Bending Moment: Mxm_f ≔ Mxm = 24.63 kN ⋅ m Mym_f ≔ Mym = 0 kN ⋅ m

Max Shear Force: Vxm_f ≔ Vxm = 18.19 kN Vym_f ≔ Vym = 0 kN

Max Axial Force: Pam_f ≔ Pam = 5.69 kN


Check for Stresses: As per BS EN 1999‐1‐1:2007 (E)

iii. Minimum Tensile Strength fo ≔ 160 MPa

iv. Tensile Yield Atrength fu ≔ 195 MPa

Elas c Cross Sec on

Element ‐A (Flange)

Breadth of flange b1 ≔ 44 mm t1 ≔ 3.5 mm

Stress Ra o ψ≔1

Stress Gradiant Factor


η≔1

b1
Width to Thickness Ra o β ≔ η ⋅ ―= 12.571
t1

‾‾‾‾‾
250
Modified Expression ε≔ ――= 1.25
fo
――
MPa

Limi ng value of internal element β1 ≔ 11 ⋅ ε = 13.75

β2 ≔ 16 ⋅ ε = 20

β3 ≔ 22 ⋅ ε = 27.5
Classifica on of Cross Sec on β ≤ β1 = 1
Parts:
β1 < β ≤ β2 = 0

β2 < β ≤ β3 = 0

β3 < β = 0

Class ≔ 1 Duc leSec on

Refering BS EN: 1999‐1‐1:2007 Table no‐6.3

For Class A material without weld

Constatnt in expressios c1 ≔ 32 c2 ≔ 220

For Buckling Factor

ρc ≔ 1 = 1

Effec ve Thickness element A for Outstand

teff ≔ ρc ⋅ t1 = 3.5 mm
Elas c Cross Sec on

Element ‐B (Web)

Length of Web b2 ≔ 212 mm t2 ≔ 3.5 mm

Distance from neutral axis Y0 ≔ 86 mm Less heavily compressed side

Distance from neutral axis Yc ≔ 126 mm More heavily compressed side

-Y0
Stress Ra o ψ ≔ ―― = -0.683
Yc
Stress Gradiant Factor
η ≔ 0.7 + 0.3 ⋅ ψ = 0.495 1 ≥ ψ ≥ -1 = 1

ψ < -1 = 0

b2
Width to Thickness Ra o β ≔ η ⋅ ―= 29.997
t2

‾‾‾‾‾
250
Modified Expression ε≔ ――= 1.25
fo
――
MPa
Limi ng value of internal element β1 ≔ 11 ⋅ ε = 13.75

β2 ≔ 16 ⋅ ε = 20

β3 ≔ 22 ⋅ ε = 27.5

Classifica on of Cross Sec on β ≤ β1 = 0


Parts:
β1 < β ≤ β2 = 0

β2 < β ≤ β3 = 0

β3 < β = 1

Class ≔ 3 Slender_Sec on
Refering BS EN: 1999‐1‐1:2007 Table no‐6.3

For Class A material without weld

Constatnt in expressios c1 ≔ 32 c2 ≔ 220

For Buckling Factor


β ≤ β3 = 0

β > β3 = 1

c1 c2
ρc ≔ ―― - ――= 0.951
⎛ β ⎞ ⎛ β ⎞2
⎜― ⎟ ⎜― ⎟
Effec ve Thickness element A for Outstand ⎝ε⎠ ⎝ε⎠

teff ≔ ρc ⋅ t2 = 3.33 mm

Mass Proper es Of Effec ve Aluminium Sec on Alloy‐6063‐T6:

04.Main Mullion‐with S ffener


05.MS S ffener

06.Main Mullion‐without S ffener


Effec ve Cross Sec on

Major Moment Of Iner a of Aluminum Iax ≔ 2647.66 cm 4

Minor Moment Of Iner a of Aluminum Iay ≔ 124.22 cm 4

Major Moment Of Iner a of Steel Insert Isx ≔ 346.21 cm 4

Minor Moment Of Iner a of Steel Insert Isy ≔ 15.15 cm 4

Es
Major Moment Of Iner a Ieff_xx1 ≔ Iax + ―⋅ Isx = ⎛⎝3.637 ⋅ 10 3 ⎞⎠ cm 4
Ea

Es
Minor Moment Of Iner a Ieff_yy1 ≔ Iay + ―⋅ Isy = 167.506 cm 4
Ea
Centroid about X‐Axis Xeff1 ≔ 2.81 cm

Centroid about Y‐Axis Yeff1 ≔ 15.92 cm

Ieff_xx1
Major Sec onal Modulus Zeff_xx1 ≔ ――= 228.4442 cm 3
Yeff1
Ieff_yy1
Minor Sec onal Modulus: Zeff_yy1 ≔ ――= 59.611 cm 3
Xeff1
Area of Cross Sec on Aeff1 ≔ 32.19 cm 2

Radius of Gyra on: rx1 ≔ 9.64 cm = 9.64 cm

ry1 ≔ 2.08 cm = 2.08 cm

Major Plas c Modulus Sxx2 ≔ 233.06 cm 3

Minor Plas c Modulus Syy2 ≔ 53.8 ⋅ cm 3

Calcula on of correc on Factor

Major Plas c Modulus Wpl ≔ Sxx1 = 240.07 cm 3

Major Plas c Modulus‐for Effec ve Wel ≔ Zeff_xx1 = 228.444 cm 3


thickness

Wpl
Shape Factor/Correc on Factor for Class‐1 α1 ≔ ―― = 1.051
Wel
Shape Factor/Correc on Factor for Class‐2 α2 ≔ 1

Shape Factor/Correc on Factor for Class‐3 α3 ≔ 1

Aeff1
Shape Factor/Correc on Factor for Class‐4 α4 ≔ ―― = 0.97 Appilcable
A1
8.4.3..Design Resistance

8.4.3.1.Design Resistance

Par al Safety Factor γM1 ≔ 1.1 γM2 ≔ 1.25 (As per Table ‐6.1)

fo
Design Value of 0.2% Proof Strength fd ≔ ―― = 145.455 MPa
γM1
fu
Design Value of Ul mate Strength ft ≔ ―― = 156 MPa
γM2
Correc on Factor for Class ‐4 α4 = 0.97

Axis Load Resistance NRd ≔ α4 ⋅ Aeff1 ⋅ fd = 454.111 kN

8.4.3.2.. Moment Resistance as per 6.2.5

Shape factor As per Table ‐6.4

Major Axis
Sxx1 = 240.07 cm 3

Sxx1
Shape Factor for Class ‐1 & 2 α1_x1 ≔ ―― = 1.028
Zxx_1

⎛ ⎛ β3 - β ⎞ ⎛ Sxx1 ⎞⎞
Shape Factor for Class ‐3 α1_x3 ≔ ⎜1 + ⎜――― ⎟ ⎜――- 1⎟⎟ = 0.997
⎜⎝ ⎜⎝ β3 + β2 ⎟⎠ ⎜⎝ Zeff_xx1 ⎟⎠⎟⎠

Zeff_xx1
Shape Factor for Class ‐4 α1_x4 ≔ ――= 0.978 Appilcable
Zxx_1

Minor Axis
Syy1 = 56 cm 3

Syy1
Shape Factor for Class ‐1 & 2 α1_y1 ≔ ―― = 0.908
Zyy_1

⎛ ⎛ β3 - β ⎞ ⎛ Syy1 ⎞⎞
Shape Factor for Class ‐3 α1_y3 ≔ ⎜1 + ⎜――― ⎟ ⎜―― - 1⎟⎟ = 1.003
⎜⎝ ⎜⎝ β3 + β2 ⎟⎠ ⎜⎝ Zeff_yy1 ⎟⎠⎟⎠

Zeff_yy1
Shape Factor for Class ‐4 α1_y4 ≔ ―― = 0.967 Appilcable
Zyy_1

Zeff_xx1 ⋅ fu
Moment resistance MU_Rdxx ≔ ―――= 35.637 kN ⋅ m
γM2

α1_x4 ⋅ Zeff_xx1 ⋅ fo
MO_Rdxx ≔ ――――― = 32.502 kN ⋅ m
γM1
Hence Considered MRd_xx ≔ min ⎛⎝MU_Rdxx , MO_Rdxx⎞⎠

MRd_xx = 32.502 kN ⋅ m

Zeff_yy1 ⋅ fu
Moment resistance MU_Rdyy ≔ ―――= 9.299 kN ⋅ m
γM2

α1_y4 ⋅ Zeff_yy1 ⋅ fo
MO_Rdyy ≔ ――――― = 8.383 kN ⋅ m
γM1

MRd_yy ≔ min ⎛⎝MU_Rdyy , MO_Rdyy⎞⎠

MRd_yy = 8.383 kN ⋅ m

8.4.3.3.. Shear Resistance

Aluminium Alloy 6063‐T6

Limi ng Shear Stress fs ≔ 95 MPa

Material Factor γM1 ≔ 1.1

Effec ve Shear Area Aeff1 = 32.19 cm 2

fs ⋅ Aeff1
Shear Resistance VRd ≔ ―――
γM1
VRd = 278.005 kN
8.4.4.. Buckling resistance of Member (Member in building)

8.4.4.1.. Lateral Torsional Buckling

(Refering Clause no. 6.3 2.1 page no. 77, As per BS EN:1999‐1‐1:2007

A. Slenderness for Lateral Torsional buckling

Max Length of Louvers Lx ≔ 5950 mm Ly ≔ 5950 mm

Minimum Shape Factor α1_x4 = 0.978

α1_y4 = 0.967

Geometric Constants

Torsional Constant J ≔ 376.01 cm 4

Warping Constant Iw ≔ 5350.65 cm 6

Plas c modulus Sxx2 = 233.06 cm 3

Syy2 = 53.8 cm 3

Material Proper es (Aluminium Alloy 6063‐T6)

Youngs Modulus Eal ≔ 70000 MPa

Modulus of rigidity G ≔ 27 GPa

Length between Supports LCR ≔ Ly = 5.95 m Between Points of Lateral Supports


0.5
⎛ π ⎞ 0.5 ⎛ π 2 ⋅ Eal ⋅ Iw ⎞
Elas c Cri cal Uniform Moments MCR ≔ ⎜―― ⋅ ⎛ E ⋅ I
⎟ ⎝ al eff_yy1 ⋅ G ⋅ J⎞
⎠ ⎜ 1 + ―――― ⎟
⎝ LCR ⎠ ⎜⎝ LCR 2 ⋅ G ⋅ J ⎟⎠
MCR = 57.637 kN ⋅ m
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
α1_x4 ⋅ Zeff_xx1 ⋅ fo
The Rela ve Slenderness λLT ≔ ―――――
MCR
λLT = 0.788
B. The Reduc on Factor for Lateral Torsional buckling Factor

αLT ≔ 0.2 λo_LT ≔ 0.4 For Class 3& 4 Sec ons

ϕLT ≔ 0.5 ⎛⎝1 + αLT ⋅ ⎛⎝λLT - λo_LT⎞⎠ + λLT 2 ⎞⎠ ϕLT = 0.849

1
Reduc on Factor XLT ≔ ――――――
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
ϕLT + ϕLT 2 - λLT 2

XLT = 0.858
Lateral Torsional buckling Resistance

XLT ⋅ Zeff_xx1 ⋅ α1_x4 ⋅ fo


Mb_Rd ≔ ――――――
γM1

Mb_Rd = 27.882 kN ⋅ m

Forces of Mullion

Bending Moment MEd_xx ≔ Mxm_f = 24.63 kN ⋅ m MEd_yy ≔ Mym_f = 0 kN ⋅ m

Shear Force VEd_xx ≔ Vxm_f = 18.19 kN VEd_yy ≔ Vym_f = 0 kN

Axial Force NEd ≔ Pam_f = 5.69 kN

C. Check For Stresses

MEd_xx
Check for Buckling Rmy_b ≔ ――= 0.883 Rmy_b < 1 = 1 Hence Safe
Mb_Rd

MEd_xx
Bending Moment Rmx ≔ ―――――― = 0.883 Rmx < 1 = 1 Hence Safe
min ⎝MRd_xx , Mb_Rd⎞⎠

MEd_yy
Rmy ≔ ―― = 0 Rmy < 1 = 1 Hence Safe
MRd_yy

VEd_xx
Shear Force Rvx ≔ ――= 0.065 Rvx < 1 = 1 Hence Safe
VRd

VEd_yy
Rvy ≔ ――= 0 Rvy < 1 = 1 Hence Safe
VRd

NEd
Axial Force RN ≔ ―― = 0.013 RN < 1 = 1 Hence Safe
NRd

Interac on Equa on

R1_mh ≔ Rmx + Rmy + Rvx + Rvy + RN = 0.961 Hence Safe