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CHINA HARBOUR ENGINEERING COMPANY LIMITED 

Codes of Practice for Occupational Health  Document No.


and Safety  Management  OHS‐CoP‐005‐0 
 

Safety Task Analysis & Risk Reduction Talk/Job Hazard


Analysis (STARRT/JHA)i

0  18‐12‐12  Initial Issue          
Prepared By  Reviewed By   Approved By 
Rev.  Date  Status 
Wang Jiakai    Yang Biquan  Mo Wenhe   
Codes of Practice Occupational Health and Safety Management OHS-Cop-005-0
Safety Task Analysis Risk Reduction Talk/ Job Hazard Analysis CHEC

1.0 Safety Task Analysis Risk Reduction Talk (STARRT)

STARRT is a process that utilizes employee participation to identify and resolve


environmental, safety, and health hazards associated with a specific task prior to
performing the task.
Use of the STARRT Card/Tag process must be utilized on all CHEC projects. Both the
C o u n t r y HSE Manager and (where applicable) the Regional HSE Manager must approve
exceptions to this requirement. The Corporate HSE Manager must also be notified
whenever such exceptions are implemented on CHEC projects. A sample STARRT Card is
shown as Exhibit A.
1.1 Key STARRT Philosophy:

• Pre-job evaluation of risks performed by workers.

• Places job planning into hands of workers.

• Encourages group participation and shared learning.

• Enhances workers’ ownership of safety program.

• Facilitates best approach to work execution.


1.2 Supervisor’s Role:
Supervisors will ensure employee involvement in the STARRT process is optimized by:

• Ensuring that all employees under his/her charge are trained in the STARRT process.

• Establishing a system to follow-up with all of his/her crews to verify the STARRT
process is being correctly implemented.

• Requiring his/her employees to participate in an individual STARRT review prior to the


start of each shift for each new task.
Supervisors will discuss the risks associated with the project Scope of Work (e.g., Risk
Assessment and Method Statement for some projects) with the employees and compile
information necessary to complete the STARRT Card.
Upon completion of the STARRT Card, supervisors will review the requirements of the
Card with the employees.
The employees performing the work and supervisor will sign the Card indicating their
understanding of its contents. The Card will be displayed and available for review in the
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Codes of Practice Occupational Health and Safety Management OHS-Cop-005-0
Safety Task Analysis Risk Reduction Talk/ Job Hazard Analysis CHEC

immediate work area.


STARRT Cards are to be returned to the supervisor and forwarded to the CHEC HSE
Project Office at the end of each shift or completion of the work task. The supervisor
is responsible for ensuring that Cards are properly completed and returned.
STARRT Cards are to be reviewed for proper usage/completion by the HSE
Supervisor and maintained on file in the CHEC Project HSE Office. STARRT Cards will
be retained until project close-out. At this time, a 10% sampling will be obtained and sent
to records storage.
2.0 Example Task – Steel Erection/Work Overhead
2.1 STARRT Card
Typical example of Workers STARRT Questions:
Have all workers:

• Completed appropriate training on fall protection.

• Reviewed the Job Hazard Analysis (or Method Statement) if applicable to the task.

• Fully aware of the associated hazards of the job to be performed and local
surrounding, other tasks being performed locally.

• Reviewed permit-to-work, where applicable.

• Been made aware of safe access, egress routes.

• Inspected harness and lanyard for damage, etc.

• Obtained all the necessary correct personal protective equipment for the task.

• Ensured that material is stored neatly preventing hazards to the workers and others
locally.

• Identified and cordoned off traffic routes as required to support safe movement of
material.
Also:

• Riggers/Slinger briefed accordingly on scope of work to be performed?

• Supervisor to verify any potential changes to work scope; interface with other work
crews and any other business relevant to the task?

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Codes of Practice Occupational Health and Safety Management OHS-Cop-005-0
Safety Task Analysis Risk Reduction Talk/ Job Hazard Analysis CHEC

• Are emergency arrangements in place and suitable for task being performed?

• Has the team covered all aspects concerned with overhead work and the general
protection?
2.2 STARRT Register:
All workers and Supervisor are to sign the STARRT Card to verify process was complete.
3.0 Guidelines for Job Hazard Analysis (JHA)

The Job Hazard Analysis (synonymous with Job Safety Analysis, or JSA) will be
conducted for all tasks that contain steps, which may pose a hazard risk to personnel.
The specific steps of the job that pose the hazard risk will be analyzed, the hazards and
risks evaluated, and controls proposed (Exhibit B provides a sample JHA format).
The JHA may be included as part of a work plan or work package and the requirements of
the JHA may be incorporated into hazardous work permits (HWPs) as well as
project/facility specific HSE plans as appropriate.
A JHA of specific jobs or operations is required for, but not limited to, the following:

• High-risk jobs.

• New jobs or tasks that present unspecified or unknown hazard.

• Jobs or tasks involving new equipment, machinery, or procedures.

• Major job categories that will be repeated frequently.

• Jobs or tasks that have historically experienced a repeated or significant rate of accidents,
injuries, exposures, or near misses.

• Jobs involving environmental remediation of hazardous waste.

• Jobs or tasks that, in the professional judgment of the responsible HSE Supervisor,
require a formal JHA.

• Examples of tasks that require JHA are:

o High Pressure (1000 psi and above) Hydrostatic Tests


o Heavy Rigging Operations (Category “A” lifts)
o Chemical Cleaning Operations
o Excavations deeper than 12 feet (3.6 meters)
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Codes of Practice Occupational Health and Safety Management OHS-Cop-005-0
Safety Task Analysis Risk Reduction Talk/ Job Hazard Analysis CHEC

o Work requiring air line respirators or SCBA


Jobs or tasks are broken down into a series of successive steps or activities. Required or
anticipated tools and equipment for each step or activity are to be included. All potential
hazards within each step or activity are identified. Include the following hazard categories
in the JHA:

• Chemical exposures

• Oxygen deficiency.

• Exposures to ionizing and non-ionizing radiation.

• Electrical hazards.

• Physical hazards.

• Fire and explosion.

• Temperature extremes.

• Excessive noise.

• Biological hazards.
3.1 Categories of Potential Risk:
To facilitate the analysis and control of hazard risk associated with a given task, the
following general exposure categories should be considered when completing a JHA:

• Struck Against

• Struck By

• Contact With

• Contacted By

• Caught In

• Caught Between

• Fall (to same or different level)

• Over exertion

• Exposure (chemical, radiation, biological, etc.)

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Codes of Practice Occupational Health and Safety Management OHS-Cop-005-0
Safety Task Analysis Risk Reduction Talk/ Job Hazard Analysis CHEC

Input should be solicited from multi-disciplinary professional staff for hazard evaluation.
This input should include Safety, Industrial Hygiene, Health Physics, and Engineering
personnel.
After all known, suspected, or potential hazards have been identified and accident
experience reviewed, a plan must be developed with solutions to eliminate or control
hazards.
3.2 Risk Reduction Methods – Order of Precedence:
The elimination or control of a hazard should be implemented according to the following
order of precedence:

• Engineering Methods (make design changes and/or use engineering controls to


eliminate or reduce risks);

• Substitution (use less hazardous processes, equipment, chemicals, etc., to reduce the
risks);

• Administrative Controls (procedures, policies, training, and other such methods to


control exposure to known risks);

• Personal Protective Equipment (as a last resort, protect personnel from residual risks
through the mandatory use of prescribed PPE).
3.3 Required JHA Participants:
The following Site Personnel are required to participate in the development of JHAs:

o Site Manager
o Project Superintendent
o Project Field Engineer
o Craft Superintendent
o HSE Representative
o General Foreman
o Foreman
o Involved Employees
3.4 JHA Meeting Structure:
The following guidelines will be followed to facilitate the JHA meeting process:
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Codes of Practice Occupational Health and Safety Management OHS-Cop-005-0
Safety Task Analysis Risk Reduction Talk/ Job Hazard Analysis CHEC

• The HSE Representative shall be the facilitator of the meeting and serve as the HSE
resource to address particular issues;

• The Craft Superintendent shall present the work process and lead the group through
the sequence of events for the work evolution;

• The Site Manager shall make available all personnel and material resources identified in
the JHA;

• The Project Field Engineer shall be the technical resource to lend guidance in way of
Engineering Controls to eliminate/reduce hazards.

4.0 Exhibits
Exhibit A STARRT Card/Tag Example
Exhibit B Job Hazard Analysis (JHA)

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Exhibit A
SAMPLE SAFETY TASK ANALYSIS RISK REDUCTION TALK (STARRT) CARD/TAG

SUPERVISOR: DATE:
JOB DESCRIPTION:
PRIMARY HAZARDS RISKS: LOCATION:

FRONT SIDE REVERSE SIDE


ELECTRICAL N/A Y N HAZARDS (ENVIRONMENTAL) - continued N/A Y N
LOCKED & TAGGED HOT/COLD SURFACES/MATERIALS
TRY & TEST NOISE
DISCONNECTED HEAT STRESS/COLD STRESS
EXCAVATION & TRENCHING N/A Y N PROPER EQUIPMENT N/A Y N
SHORED/SLOPED MAN LIFT
LADDER PROVIDED FORKLIFT
DAILY INSPECTION CURRENT INSPECTIONS
ENTRY PERMIT JLG LIFT
HAZARDS (BODY) N/A Y N CRANE
FALL POTENTIAL (FALL FROM HEIGHTS) CHAIN FALL
PINCH POINTS HAND TOOLS
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAND POWER TOOLS
HOUSEKEEPING OPERATOR CERTIFICATIONS
SLIP/TRIP (FALL TO SAME LEVEL) PROPER RIGGING
FLYING PARTICLES TRUCK, TRACTORS, ETC.
THERMAL BURNS STANDBY PERSON (SAFETY WATCH) N/A Y N
MANUAL LIFTING CONFINED SPACE
SHARP OBJECTS FIRE WATCH (HOT WORK)
PERMITS N/A Y N SANDBLAST WATCH
HOT WORK TRAFFIC WATCH (FLAG PERSON)
CONFINED SPACE WELDING N/A Y N
EXCAVATION SHIELDS
CRITICAL LIFT FIRE BLANKET
PERSONNEL BASKET FIRE EXTINGUISHER
OVERHEAD WORK OR FLOOR OPENINGS N/A Y N CYLINDERS SECURED
FIXED BARRICADES COMBUSTIBLES/FLAMMABLES REMOVED
(TAPE) DANGER SPARKS CONTAINED
(TAPE) CAUTION PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE) N/A Y N
BARRICADE TAGS WORK GLOVES
SIGNS CHEMICAL GLOVES
HOLE COVER/CLEAT ANTI-VIBRATION GLOVES
HANDRAILS/TOE BOARDS RAIN GEAR
PROCESS EQUIPMENT N/A Y N SAFETY SHOES (STEEL TOES) OR FOOT
VALVES LOCKED RUBBER BOOTS
TAGS HUNG MONO GOGGLES
BLINDS INSTALLED AND TAGGED FACE SHIELD
PROOFED FRESH AIR SUPPLY/VENTILATION PROVISIONS
HAZARDS (CHEMICAL) N/A Y N EAR PROTECTION

MSDS(S) REVIEWED SAFETY HARNESS/FALL PROTECTION


CHEMICAL BURN POTENTIAL WELDING GOGGLES
SKIN/EYE IRRITANT HARD HAT
INHALATION SAFETY GLASSES
EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT N/A Y N RESPIRATORY PROTECTION
FIRE EXTINGUISHER PRINT EMPLOYEE EMPLOYEE SIGNATURE:
SAFETY SHOWER
EYEWASH
PERMIT DISPLAYED
ALL CONDITIONS MET
EVACUATION
ASSEMBLY AREA
HAZARDS (ENVIRONMENTAL) N/A Y N
AIRBORNE PARTICLES
VAPORS
Exhibit B – SAMPLE JOB HAZARD ANALYSIS FORM
Job Description: JHA No.:

Job Hazard Analysis Job Location: Contractor Name:


Page of
Prepared By: (Originator’s Name) Date:

Signature – Team Members



SEQUENCE OF JOB STEPS POTENTIAL ACCIDENTS OR HAZARDS RECOMMENDED SAFE JOB PROCEDURE
Break the job down into basic steps that tell what is Ask yourself for each step, what accidents could occur to the people during the job For each potential accident, ask yourself what exactly should that person do or not do to
done first, what is done next, and so on. step. avoid the accident.
Describe specific precautions in concrete detail. Give each recommended precaution
Record the job steps in their normal job order of Ask: Can they be struck by or contacted by anything? Can they be caught in, on, or the same number as was given each job step to which it applies. List the procedure
occurrence. between anything? Can they fall? Can their strain or over exert themselves? Can they number for those job steps included in the procedure.
be exposed to gas, fumes, radiation, etc.?
Describe what is done, not the details of how it is Avoid generalities like “be alert,” “be careful,” and “take caution.”
done. Usually three or four words are sufficient to
describe each job step. Use simple do and don’t statements. If necessary, explain how, as well as what to do.

Make the job steps neither too fine nor too broad. Also, question the basic job method. Is there an entirely different way to do the job that
They should sound natural. Sometimes the job step is better and safe? If a repair or service job, can anything be dome to increase the life
may be a major safety precaution; e.g., “Check for of the job?
gas before entry.”

Number each step.

Job Location: Contractor Name:


Job Hazard Analysis Page of

SEQUENCE OF BASIC JOB STEPS POTENTIAL ACCIDENTS OR HAZARDS RECOMMENDED SAFE JOB PROCEDURE

                                                               
i
 Local law and statutory regulations are prevailing to this CoP if any conflict between them