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Nokia C-RAN and S-RAN

What are these concepts?

Demetrio Rakitin
Head of LTE Sales Development LAT
3-Sep-2015

1 © Nokia 2015
Confidential
Agenda

• What is Nokia C-RAN? (~10


min)
• What is Nokia S-RAN? (~10
min)

2
Confidential
Nokia C-RAN

3
Confidential
Centralized RAN Drivers & Markets

• Mobile operators providing


broadband connectivity for
large concentrations of
people within a defined area
• subscribers sharing unique
Stadiums Concerts
moments and generating
large amounts of Uplink
traffic in a dense environment

Attractions Carnivals

4 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 2015


Centralized RAN – Ultra Dense Network Deployment – Stadium Example
DenseRAN
100.000 Introduction
Fans 10.000 Fans 10,000 x Target: 100 cells UL interf.
Solution:
watch game snapshot goal 1 MB Pictures clear traffic would be would
and upload to  10 GB needed in collapse UL Nokia
at Stadium in 60 seconds
Social media hits uplink stadium performance CRAN

4 cells

8 cells

16 cells

32 cells

64 cells

5 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 2015


Single Cell vs. Multi-cell Coordination  CRAN can do it!

Radio1 Radio 2 Radio 3 Radio1 Radio 2 Radio 3

     

UE
Intra-eNB
UL CoMP
UE UE
     
Radio 4 Radio 5 Radio 4 Radio 5 Radio 6
Radio 6

Radio Radio
Radio44 Radio 5
Radio1 Radio22
Radio Radio 33
Radio3

 
 
 
 
CRAN
UE UE UE C-RAN
MuCCS
Liquid Cluster
  
 
 
Radio 4 Radio 5 Radio 6 Radio 77
Radio Radio 8
Radio 5 Radio66
Radio

6 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 2015


Dynamic Selection of Reception Set for fixed UL CoMP Set (1/4)

TTI 1
12Rx Receiver

8A 8B 7A 7B 6A 6B 5A 5B 4A 4B 3A 3B 2A 2B 1A 1B 12A 12B 11A 11B 10A 10B 9A 9B

Cell 8 Cell 7 Cell 6 Cell 5 Cell 4 Cell 3 Cell 2 Cell 1 Cell 12 Cell 11 Cell 10 Cell 9

eNB 3 eNB 2 eNB 1

7 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 2015


Dynamic Selection of Reception Set for fixed UL CoMP Set (2/4)

TTI 2
12Rx Receiver

8A 8B 7A 7B 6A 6B 5A 5B 4A 4B 3A 3B 2A 2B 1A 1B 12A 12B 11A 11B 10A 10B 9A 9B

Cell 8 Cell 7 Cell 6 Cell 5 Cell 4 Cell 3 Cell 2 Cell 1 Cell 12 Cell 11 Cell 10 Cell 9

eNB 3 eNB 2 eNB 1

8 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 2015


Dynamic Selection of Reception Set for fixed UL CoMP Set (3/4)

TTI 3
12Rx Receiver

8A 8B 7A 7B 6A 6B 5A 5B 4A 4B 3A 3B 2A 2B 1A 1B 12A 12B 11A 11B 10A 10B 9A 9B

Cell 8 Cell 7 Cell 6 Cell 5 Cell 4 Cell 3 Cell 2 Cell 1 Cell 12 Cell 11 Cell 10 Cell 9

eNB 3 eNB 2 eNB 1

9 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 2015


Dynamic Selection of Reception Set for fixed UL CoMP Set (4/4)

TTI 4
12Rx Receiver

8A 8B 7A 7B 6A 6B 5A 5B 4A 4B 3A 3B 2A 2B 1A 1B 12A 12B 11A 11B 10A 10B 9A 9B

Cell 8 Cell 7 Cell 6 Cell 5 Cell 4 Cell 3 Cell 2 Cell 1 Cell 12 Cell 11 Cell 10 Cell 9

eNB 3 eNB 2 eNB 1

10 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 2015


Centralized RAN 1-tier stadium cell layout

UL CoMP set 6 cells Reception set: up to 4 selected cells


(8 best RX’s with 8-way IRC)

UL/DL serving cell

Cell 3
1-Tier

Cell 5 Cell 6 Cell 1 Cell 4


(RRH3) Cell 2
(RRH 5) (RRH 6) (RRH1) (RRH4)
(RRH2)

UE

11 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 2015


Nokia CRAN live Stadium Results
UL Throughput
improvement under high CRAN Efficiency
load conditions
gains
Up to 20%
2.53x UL volume per PRB

UL UE power
consumption decrease

Up to 33% 150%
Helsinki

12 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 2015


Nokia Centralized RAN
Turning interference into useful traffic
Centralized RAN links together multiple base stations and turns the
interference into useful traffic, especially in dense traffic areas with
a large number of smart devices
Base Station Base Station Base Station

How
Average cell Average cell Improved UE power
UL capacity edge UL downlink consumption
gain capacity gain capacity decrease

2x to
3x 10x 5% 33%

13 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 2015


Nokia S-RAN

14 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 2015


Why is SRAN a topic today?

Exponential traffic growth

GSM and WCDMA will stay for some more time

LTE: new spectrum, many bands

SRAN:
• flexibility in spectrum use and investment
protection
• longer life for GSM and WCDMA at lower
running costs while going for LTE

15 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 2015


Can we make multi-radio networks simpler to operate?
X
Typical Multi-RAT site today
X
X
X

Radio Head Radio Head


Radio Head Radio Head 800 MHz 1800 MHz
900 MHz
2G 2G 2100 MHz

cabinet cabine
900 t1800 3G 4G
MHz MHz Baseband Baseband

Cell site routers, switches,


demarcation devices
TDM/SDH
IP/Eth
16 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 2015
Introduction
Before & after System Module sharing

Before: Classical RF sharing SRAN introduced (SBTS 16)

RF sharing RF sharing
RF sharing

900 900

GSM WCDMA GSM LTE Common


System Module System Module System Module System Module System Module (LTE + WCDMA + GSM)

One common System Module supporting


up to 3 RATs and dedicated / shared RF
modules

Each RAT requires dedicated System Module


17 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 2014
For internal use
SRAN reduces site complexity
X Nokia SRAN :
• Common/ Shared HW:
X Radio and Baseband
X • Single SRAN SW Release
X • Common O&M & transport

4G 800 Radio 2G/3G 900 2G/4G 1800 3G 2100 Radio


Module Radio Module Radio Module Module
2 cabinets & 12 radios
3 separate basebands
GSM with TDM; IP for
WCDMA and LTE
FSMF: Common
2G/3G/4G
Baseband

4 radios and common baseband, all-IP


18 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 2015
SRAN simplifies networks
Less complexity: common & shared HW

Simpler operations: common SW and OAM

Lower TCO: OPEX savings

19 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 2015


SRAN summary
From single Radio Access Technology (RAT) to Single RAN
Pre-SRAN SRAN
GSM One management entity
GSM OAM
BTS
GSM TRS
One OAM entity
WCDMA WCDMA OAM GSM / WCDMA / LTE OAM
BTS SBTS
WCDMA TRS TRS One transport
LTE LTE OAM
BTS SBTS 16
LTE TRS
• Simultaneous processing of 3RATs on one system
module

• Baseband capacity shared to different RATs

20 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 2014


21
¡Muchas gracias!
Confidential
demetrio.rakitin@nokia.com