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Research Question : Who Got The Most Disadvantages By The Circulation of Fake

News During The Election Period ? (A perspective on the

implementation of freedom of expression and rights to
information in Indonesia)

In the midst of rapid technological development, we could say that the

development of information technology is one of the fastest growing, particularly
with the development of internet-speed and social media. The circulation of
information nowadays could be done with only one-click-away and takes less than a
minute to disseminate throughout the world.

Nonetheless, not all of the news that circulating is a good news which contains
positive information, unfortunately there is a bad news which contains negative
information, as well. Generally, the bad news that contains negative information
known as hoax or fake news. Hoax or fake news usually made to form a particular
opinion, to make people do something or to spread a misleading information. This
could be a challenge for the government which it is also amplified by international
connectivity of social media users.

During the election period, the circulating of fake news increased, especially the
one that circulate through social media. The type of fake news that circulate around
the election period, are usually about the candidates who are involved in the election,
whether one candidate try to take down another candidate by spreading misleading
information about their rival, or the candidates made up a good image for their own
advantages to gain respect and sympathy from the voter.

The circulating of fake news during election periode is a phenomenon that often
happened in every country, and it get to the point where citizen is the one who got the
most disadvantages of it. The citizen may got misleading informations and made them
vote for the incapable candidate or furthermore, the citizen may do some irrasional act
to support their choosen candidate. It is true that every citizen has the freedom of
expression, a human rights that guarantees the citizen to express their thought and
opinion freely, but beside that we should be aware that citizen has the right to
information, as well. It is a human rights that guarantees democration works in real
sense. Therefore, one rights should not be contradictory another rights.

Evyta Rosiyanti Ramadhani, S.H., LL.M. is a lecturer in Faculty of Law, Universitas

Jember, Indonesia. She got her bachelor degree in 2011 from Universitas
Padjadjaran, West Java, Indonesia. Then, in 2014, she continue to follow her dream
to study abroad and completed her studies and got her master degree in 2015 from
Leibiz Universität Hannover, Germany. Before devoting her fulltime work to the
academic world in early 2019, she served as a legal officer at several company in
Jakarta, Indonesia since 2012. Beside having interest in human rights and technology
law, she also interest in books, music and dancing.