Você está na página 1de 91

CLASS

SPARK ENGLISH
WORKBOOK
7
ADJECTIVES
LEARN PLAY PRACTICE
ENGLISH

ADJECTIVES

CLASS
7

Recommended time: 8 to 10 hours

Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd.


DEAR PARENTS

Planet Spark is a company committed to sparking the joy of learning among children. We
offer learning programs for children, blending powerful and engaging learn-tech with
scientifically designed learning workbooks, games, cartoons, and assessments.

This book has been designed by our education experts using Inquiry-based learning, Game-
based learning, child cognitive psychology and Spaced Repetition techniques, making it the
most effective and research-based pedagogy. The learning content is age-appropriate and
completely aligned with the school curriculum.

By downloading the Planet Spark app, you can access customized learning solutions for
children and develop their skills.

COPYRIGHT © 2017-18 WINSPARK INNOVATIONS LEARNING PVT LTD.


ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. NO PART OF THIS PUBLICATION MAY BE REPRODUCED,
STORED IN A RETRIEVAL SYSTEM, OR TRANSMITTED, IN ANY FORM OR BY ANY MEANS
WITHOUT THE PERMISSION OF WINSPARK INNOVATIONS LEARNING.

FIRST PRINTING EDITION 2018

Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt Ltd.


C-406, Nirvana Courtyard
Sector-50, Gurugram - 122018

www.planetspark.in
HOW TO ENTER APP ZONE

#1
INSTALL THE APP

Search for the Planet Spark app

#2
SCAN THE QR CODE

OR

Point your camera at Enter the 4-digit


the QR code unique code
#3
ACCESS CONTENT ON
THE APP
CONTENTS

1. DESCRIPTIVE ADJECTIVES AND FORMING


7
ADJECTIVES

2. COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES 26

3. FORMING ADJECTIVES AND ADJECTIVES


46
ENDING IN –ING, -ED, AND -EN

4. NOUNS AS ADJECTIVES, ADJECTIVES AS


67
NOUNS AND ADJECTIVE PHRASES
DESCRIPTIVE ADJECTIVES
1 AND FORMING ADJECTIVES

SCAN HERE TO ENTER APP ZONE

7
SPARK
Every great legend begins with a spark

Look at the three items below. What words can you use to
describe them?

______________________
___

___________________
___

____________________

8
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
EXPLAIN
Observation is one of the greatest powers in the
universe

Hi kids, today we will learn about adjectives. These


are words that describe people, places, animals or
things.
At the end of the lesson, you will be able to identify
adjectives and use them in sentences to speak and
write descriptively.Adjectiv
es
DEFINITIO
Adjectives are describing words
N that tell us more about the people
or things they describe. There are many adjectives which we can
use to make our stories more interesting.

EXAMPLE
The bear walked into the cave.
The huge, brown bear walked into
the big, dark cave.

Which of the two sentences sounds more interesting?


Why do you say so?

A. DESCRIPTIVE ADJECTIVES
Damp clothes
EXAMPLE

Untidy
desk

Smelly
apple core

Stained Messy Disorganized


book painting kit cupboard

Wow! There are many adjectives in Dirty Diva’s room.

9
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
DEFINITIO
N about the color, shape, size, age and
Descriptive adjectives tell us
condition of a noun.

1 Adjectives usually come before the nouns that they describe.

Color Size Material

the blue sky a tiny hairpin a wooden spoon

a yellow submarine an enormous burger the gold ring

a pink rose a colossal monument an enamel bathtub

We do not always have to put an adjective first. Some adjectives can be


2
placed after a verb. These verbs include be, seem, appear, feel and
sound.
Lizzie is messy.
Our new teacher seems nice.
The problem appears serious.
Ammu feels confident she will win the race.
Your plan sounds good to me.

3 Sometimes, we may want to use more than one adjective to


describe something.

a cute little puppy


an old plastic bottle
a modern, paper and glass structure
a huge, long, black and yellow African snake

10
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
4 When we use more than one adjective to describe a noun, we need to
place the adjectives in the right order. This table shows us the correct
order of adjectives.

quality or opinion gorgeous, awful, happy, nice, bossy, warm, handsome

size huge, small, tall, short, towering, fat, skinny, slender

age ancient, new, modern, two-month-old

shape circular, triangular, rectangular, square

color black, brown, yellow, white, pink

nationality or origin Egyptian, Australian, Thai, Vietnamese

material paper, plastic, metal, wooden, glass

EXAMPL
E
Jhus is a beautiful, young, green mermaid who lives in a kingdom at
the bottom of the ocean.

The Great Pyramid is a grand, towering, ancient structure.

A pretty, young, fair maiden chased the ugly, short, old Norwegian
witch.

B. Forming Adjectives
EXAMPL
E
Oh, there is a Yes, the floor
lot of dust! is very dusty.

11
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
1 We usually form adjectives from other words like nouns, verbs or
other adjectives.
From Adjectives
love (noun/verb) lovable
grace (noun) graceful
imagine (verb) imaginary
excite (verb) exciting
lone (adjective) lonely
red (adjective) reddish

We usually add a group of letters to the end of a word when forming


2
an adjective. These are called suffixes.

Suffixes Adjectives

-y messy, funny, dirty

-ly lonely, weekly, friendly

-ary primary, secondary, imaginary

-able lovable, admirable, agreeable

-al musical, national, natural

-ed astonished, excited, bored

-en golden, wooden, rotten

-ful wonderful, playful, beautiful

-less careless, hopeless, cheerless

-ic cubic, artistic, atomic

-ing shocking, boring, exciting

-ish brownish, childish, Scottish

-ive expensive, creative, destructive

-ous famous, marvellous, nervous

-some quarrelsome, troublesome, meddlesome

12
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
3 Some words can be used to form more than one type of adjective.

What is the difference between exciting and excited?


We can see that the -ed and -ing suffixes produce two
adjectives from the verb excite: exciting and excited. These
adjectives do not have the same meaning, even though they
come from the same word.

Adjectives ending in –ing, such as exciting, boring or interesting,


describe what we think about something or someone.

It was such an exciting film.


The tennis match was very boring.
I am reading an interesting book about space at the
moment.

Adjectives ending in -ed such as excited, bored or interested


describe our own or another person’s feelings.

They were so excited to see the film.


We felt bored while watching the tennis match.
I am interested in books about space.

4 Some adjectives are formed from two words. These are known as
compound adjectives.

That vase is handmade so it is rather special.


Pemba wears such old-fashioned clothes.
The blonde-haired boy is a keen cyclist.
She has a two-year-old brother.
My mother needs to wear glasses because she is long-sighted.

13
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
5 Sometimes, we can use a noun as an adjective.
EXAMPL
E

We use a cane to make The cobra jumped out of the cane


baskets. basket.
(The word cane in this (The word cane in this sentence
sentence is a noun.) is used as an adjective.)

Here are more examples of nouns used as adjectives.

Robin Hood stole from the rich to give to the poor. (The
words rich and poor in this sentence are nouns.)

The woman driving the car is very rich while the man
wearing rags is very poor.
(The words rich and poor in this sentence are adjectives.)

• Adjectives are describing words that make sentences more


interesting.
SUMMARY • They can be used before a noun or after a verb.
• When we use more than one adjective, it must be arranged
in the correct order.

14
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
PRACTIC
PRACTICE
E Master what you have learnt

easy

I S O R I S N O T - Identify whether the word is an adjective or not an


1
adjective.

a) b) c)

daisy thin house


IS IS NOT IS IS NOT IS IS NOT

d) e) f)

sad orange huge


IS IS NOT IS IS NOT IS IS NOT

2 W H A T A M I ? - Circle the adjective and underline the noun it modifies in


the sentences below, and then write whether the adjective describes the
size, material or color.

a) A green dinosaur ate leaves in the forest.

b) The little kitten followed his mother outside.

c) The metal fork was cold to the touch.

15
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
PRACTICE
T H E M A T C H M A K E R - Match the adjective to the image it describes.
3

a) delicious 1.

b) surprised 2.

c) dirty 3.

d) triangular 4.

e) American 5.

f) cheerful 6.

g) hot 7.

16
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
PRACTICE
C A N o r C A N N O T - Select the verbs that can have an adjective
4
placed after them.

a) be b) appear c) go
CAN CANNOT CAN CANNOT CAN CANNOT

d) feel e) eat f) sound


CAN CANNOT CAN CANNOT CAN CANNOT

g) teach h) seem i) run


CAN CANNOT CAN CANNOT CAN CANNOT

5 F I L L M E U P - Fill in the blanks to make a compound adjective.

+
Example: open minded = open-minded

+
a) = full-time

+
b) hot blooded =

+
c) three = three-meter

+
d) = brown-eyed

+
e) brightly lit =

17
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
R A N K I T - When using more than one adjective to describe a noun,
6
PRACTICE
we need to place them in the right order. Rank the following
characteristics from 1 to 7, showing which should be described first to
last.

shape

age

material

quality or opinion

color

nationality or origin

size

18

Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
normal

7 O O O ( O d d O n e O u t ) - Circle the odd one out from the list of


words below. Also, give a reason for your choice!

a)
bird fast
purple
old
skinny
Chinese messy caring

Reason:

b)
happy slow
challenging
talk
crunchy
rough dark bored

Reason:

c)
easy warm
shy
appear
pretty
sunny Canadian excited

Reason:

d)
sleepy pink
expensive
furry
blanket
friendly athletic flying

Reason:

19
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
W H A T ’ S W R O N G ? - Circle the incorrect suffix(es) in the
8
sentences.

a) The people looked astonishable when the band played the national anthem.
b) Laura has greenish eyes and natural blonde hair. She is beautyly.
c) The teacher told Ravi that he was talented due to his admirous work ethic and
creative personality.
d) Alex was in secondary school while his little brother was still in primish.
e) I was nervish to ask the teacher a question that could be troubleful.
f) The gift was expensive, costing Tiana 5 times the amount of her weeksome
allowance.

9 C A N Y O U F I N D M E ? - First, circle the suffixes in the adjectives


below and then tally how many times you saw each type of suffix.

Suffix # used
smelly ageless greasy
-ish
yellowish musical careless -y
nervous childish national -ous
nutritious honorary secondary -al

emotional painless regional -less

-ary

20

Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
RP
I GR
HAT C
ORT IWCREO N G ? - Put a ✔ next to sentences using
10
adjectives in the correct order and an ❌ next to wrong sentences.

a) The eagle stood tall with reddish-brown, shiny feathers.


b) Poha’s little brother was three, tiny, and bossy.
c) Fido has always been a large, content and playful puppy.
d) There is a white, small, square box on the floor.
e) The flag was new, rectangular, and smooth.
f) I like to eat food that’s spicy, colorful, and Mexican.

11 W H A T E L S E A M I ? - Describe the following images with at least two


additional adjectives.

The flowers are pink,


_____________________________________.

The snake is thin, _____________________________________.

The bird is shiny, _____________________________________.

21
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
PRACTICE super

W O R D M A G I C - Classify the original word as a noun, verb, or


12
adjective in the left column. Then write a new adjective that can be formed in
the right column.

Classification Original Word New Adjective


(noun/verb/adjective)
nature
talk
fun
create
wind
play
green
mystery
sick

V E R B A L M E T A M O R P H O S I S - Turn the original word into two


13
new adjectives.

Original Word New Adjective #1 New Adjective #2

Example: response responsive responseless


power
rust
self
create
adventure
hope

22
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
R E A D Y, S E T, R E W R I T E ! - Read the original sentences on the
14
topP R categorize
and A C T I CtheEadjectives by writing them in the appropriate section
of the table. Then rewrite the sentences on the bottom using the correct
order.

Albert is an Lucy, the silky,


African, giant, black, hyper
skinny basketball puppy tried to play
player who plays with Pete, the
in a professional older, impatient,
league. deaf dog.

quality or opinion

size

age

shape

colour

nationality or origin

material

Albert is… Lucy, the…

23
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
olympia
d

15 A T A L E O F T H E G I G G L E S - Write an adjective using each


suffix in the table below and then compose a funny story using those
adjectives:

Suffix Adjective Story:

-ly _______________________________________
-able
_______________________________________
-ed
_______________________________________
-en
_______________________________________
-ful
_______________________________________
-ic

-ing _______________________________________

-ive _______________________________________

-some _______________________________________

D O U B L E M E A N I N G - _______________________________________
Write a sentence using the noun (in bold) as
16
an adjective. _

Noun Adjective

There are many horses in the race.

Have you heard the story about their love?

Mr. Patel enjoys being a teacher of science.

There is a shop that sells tires in the


neighborhood.

The ball was used in the soccer game.

24
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
SHARE

SHARE YOUR ACHIEVEMENTS!

I was supposed to learn:

What I actually learnt:

I am still confused about:

I rate myself:

25
COMPARISON OF
2 ADJECTIVES

SCAN HERE TO ENTER APP ZONE

26
EXPLAIN
Observation is one of the greatest powers in the
universe

Hi kids, today we will learn about adjectives that are


used to compare two or more things. These are
called comparative and superlative adjectives.

By the end of the lesson, you will be able to correctly


identify and compare adjectives.

C . C O M PA R I S O N O F A D J E C T I V E S
EXAMPLE

I am stronger I am the
I am strong. than you. strongest of all.

DEFINITION
We can use adjectives to compare two or more people, places or things.
These adjectives are known as comparative and superlative
adjectives.

1 We use the adjective in its base form when we are not making any
comparisons.

Zoka is strong.

2 We use the comparative form of the adjective to compare two people,


places or things.

Drago is stronger than Zoka.

3 We use the superlative to compare more than two people, places or


things.

Captain Spark is the strongest of all.

27
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Here is another example of comparison.

In winter, the weather in the Black Desert is cold.


In winter, the weather in the Shallow Creek is colder than in
the Black Desert.
In winter, the weather is coldest in the Stormy Sea.
Do you notice a pattern in how to form comparative and superlative
adjectives?

add -er to the end of the adjective in the base


comparative adjective
form
add -est to the end of the adjective in the base
superlative adjective
form

Base Comparative Superlative

fast faster fastest

nice nicer nicest


REMEMBER
slow slower slowest
We sometimes have to
pretty prettier prettiest change the ending of
the adjective before we
clean cleaner cleanest add -er or -est.

In general, when the base form of an adjective is a word that is


longer than two syllables, we form comparative and superlative
adjectives by adding the words more/less or most/least before the
base form.

Base Comparative Superlative

more intelligent most intelligent


intelligent
less intelligent least intelligent
more beautiful most beautiful
beautiful
less beautiful least beautiful
more difficult most difficult
difficult
less difficult least difficult

28
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Here are more examples of comparison.
Ammu is more obedient than Simba.
Simba is less obedient than Ammu.

Lizzie is the most obedient student.


Zoka is the least obedient student.

Some adjectives have irregular forms and do not follow the regular pattern of
forming comparative and superlative adjectives.

Base Comparative Superlative

good better best

bad worse worst

far further/farther furthest/farthest

much/many more most

little less least

Here are some examples using irregular forms.

I am good at drawing, but I think Jhus is better


than I am. However, Pemba is the best in our class
at drawing.

Poha's behaviour is bad, but Daka's behaviour is worse.


Zinka's behaviour is the worst of all.

Shallow Creek is quite far from the Golden Beach, but the
Brown Plateau is further and the Black Desert is the
furthest of all.

Captain Spark does not have much money. Roxy has more
money than Captain Spark, and Drago has the most. So
Captain Spark has the least money of all because he has
less than the others.

29
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
PRACTIC
PRACTICE
E Master what you have learnt

easy

1 F I L L I N T H E B L A N K S - Fill in the blanks by choosing the


appropriate word.

a) We use the ________________ form adjectives to compare two

things, people or places.

b) When we use adjectives, but we don’t compare two or more things

we use the ___________ form of the adjective.

c) To compare more than two things, people or places we use the

________________ form of the adjective.

d) We generally add _________ at the end of the base form to get the

comparative form of the adjectives.

e) We generally add _________ at the end of the base form to get the

superlative form of the adjectives.

f) We must use more or less to build the __________ form of

adjectives when the adjective has more than two syllables.

g) We must use most or least to build the _________ form of adjectives

when the adjective has more than two syllables.

30
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
PRACTICE
2 D I F F E R E N T I AT E B E T W E E N :

Comparative form of VS Superlative form of


adjectives adjectives

Example Example

C O M PA R AT I V E O R S U P E R L AT I V E
3
PRA
Select C Tword
if the I CisEa comparative adjective or superlative adjective.

a) taller b) smarter c) funniest


C S C S C S

d) happiest e) greener f) slowest


C S C S C S

g) fastest h) braver i) richer


C S C S C S

31
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
4 L O C K A N D K E Y - Circle the keys that match the Superlative
adjective. Put green circle for Superlative, red circle for Comparative,
yellow circle for Base.

a) b) c)
Superlative Comparative Base

Adjective Adjective Adjective

colder nice smarter greatest

high shorter shiny faster

sadder funny youngest brightest

hot greater oldest rich

- E R O R - E S T – Convert the following adjectives to superlative


5
form adding -est ending or to comparative form adding –er ending.

a) high er = b) smart est =

c) tall er = d) soft est =

e) short er = f) hard est =

g) cool er = h) old est =

32
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
PRACTICE
normal

M O R E O R L E S S R U L E – Convert the following adjectives to


6
comparative form using “more” or “less”

a) more honest = d) less quiet =

b) more awesom = e) less polite =


e

c) more amazing = f) less handsome =

M O S T O R L E A S T R U L E – Convert the following adjectives to


7
superlative form using “most” or “least”

a) most honest = d) least quiet =

b) most awesom = e) least polite =


e

c) most amazing = f) least handsome =

E X A M P L E T R A I N – There are many types of adjective forms. Give


8
three examples of each kind mentioned below.

a) Base form

b) Superlative
form

c) Comparative
form

c) Irregular form

33
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
PRACTICE
9 C I R C L E M E - Circle the irregular form of the adjective.

a) The Stoney Island is farther than the Golden Beach.

b) Daka behaves worse than Poha. Poha behaves better than Daka.

c) Draco has more money than Roxy and Captain Spark.

d) Roxy has less money than Draco, but more money than Captain Spark.

Draco is the least honest character on Planet Spark!


e)
Captain Spark is the best at solving problems!
f)

10 B U C K E T T H I S – Choose the adjective that needs to use “most”


or “more” to become a comparative or superlative form of an adjective.

fun happy cute

intelligent weak awesome

important easy dark

sad beautiful amazing

34
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
11 C I R C L E M E - Circle the correct answer form of the adjective:

a) Smarty and Naughty are the (most / more) intelligent children on Planet
Spark.

b) Planet Spark is the (most / more) awesome place ever!

c) Naughty is (least / less) careful than Smarty.

d) Roxy is the (most / more) beautiful woman on Planet Spark.

e) Draco is the (most / more) evil character on Planet Spark!

f) Captain Spark is (less / least) evil than Draco.

g) Captain Spark and his team travel the universe in their (most / more)
awesome spaceship.

h) The Stoney Island is (least / less) distant from here than the Stormy Sea.

Draco has many important missions, but his (most / more ) important
i) mission is to win against Captain Spark and his team.

The Stormy Sea has (least / less) people than the Greeny Grasslands.
j)

35
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
super

12 F I L L M E U P - Fill in the blanks by choosing the appropriate word.

a) Smarty is than Naughty.

old older oldest

b) The Golden Beach is the beach on Planet Spark.

hot hotter hottest

c) Captain Spark is very .

tall taller tallest

d) Roxy and Captain Spark like running and are very .

fast faster fastest

e) Naughty is the girl on Planet Spark.

cute cuter cutest

f) Draco is the character on Planet Spark.

rich richer richest

36
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
13 O D D O N E O U T - Circle the word that is the odd one out in
the group. Also, write down the reason:

a) smarter
hardest faster hotter colder
funnier longer closer

Reason:

b) softest hardest
funniest tallest shortest
simplest smartest difficult

Reason:

c) funnier cutest
farthest least best
furthest tallest

Reason:

d) better most
nicest least more
best farthest

Reason:

e) hot high
cold cute
cool fun best

Reason:

f) expensive honest
intelligent good wonderful
handsome beautiful

Reason:

37
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
F R A M E S E N T E N C E S - Use the irregular adjectives below in a
14
sentence.

a) better

b) further

c) more

d) worse

e) least

f) best

15 SP
C RRAA
MCB LTEI C
GAEM B L E - Unscramble the following words to form
superlative or comparative adjectives. The first and last letters are already in
the right place.

a) bteter b) lses

c) wrsoe d) mroe

e) baiefutubl f) cdelor
g) ftasest h) gtearset

38
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
C R O S S W O R D ! - Read the clues and solve the crossword about
16
adjectives. Tip: The adjectives in their base form are given below!

Across
3. Daka behaves _____________ than
Zinka.
5. Captain Spark has ____________
money than Roxy.
6. Smarty is s_ _ _ _ _ r than Naughty.
7.Draco is the _______________ evil
character in Planet Spark!
9. The Shallow Creek is very
_________________ from the Golden
Beach.

Down
1. Daka behaves______________ than
Pemba.
2. The Golden Beach is the
___________ place on Planet Spark.
3. Pemba is the ___________ at
drawing.
4. Planet Spark is a w_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
planet!
8. Draco has ______________ money
than Roxy.

smart far beautiful less


worse more best hot
most

39
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
olympiad

S T O R Y T I M E - Rewrite the story using comparative and superlative


17
adjectives.

The mountains on Planet Spark are tall compared to the


mountains on Earth. Captain Spark needs a big spaceship to get to
them, and on Earth, he can use a small spaceship.
He has travelled to many planets, but his favourite planet is
Planet Spark. He has many friends here, and his favourite friend is
Roxy.
Captain Spark is very smart compared to other people, and he
is also very tall compared to other men.

40
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
S T O R Y - Write a short story about Planet Spark using the comparative
18
and superlative adjectives listed below.

nicest awesome fastest harder difficult

taller higher smart beautiful great

41
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
H I S T O R Y B O O K - Captain Spark and his friends want to know more
19
about the history of Planet Spark! Could you help them by making a
history book about the places on Planet Spark using comparative and
superlative adjectives? The team needs your help!

Remember that this will help Captain Spark


and his team! Try to write many details about
the wonderful places on Planet Spark!

42
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
WHAT I HAVE
LEARNT

Adjectives Uses
• About the color, shape, size, texture and condition of a
noun
Descriptive
• Adjectives in the right order before the noun (quality or
adjectives
opinion > size > age > shape > color > nationality or
origin > material
• With suffixes
Forming
• Two words (compound adjectives)
adjectives
• Nouns as adjectives
• Comparative for two people, places or things, superlative
for more than two people, places or things
Comparison
• -er or more/less to adjectives for the comparative
of adjectives
• -est or most/least to adjectives for the superlative
• Irregular comparative and superlative forms

43
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
SHARE

SHARE YOUR ACHIEVEMENTS!

I was supposed to learn:

What I actually learnt:

I am still confused about:

I rate myself:

44
ANSWERS
EASY SUPER
1. a) Comparative 5. a) Higher 12. a) Older
b) Base b) Smartest b) Hottest
c) Superlative c) Taller c) Tall
d) -er d) Softest d) Fast
e) -est e) Shorter e) Cutest
f) Comparative f) Hardest f) Richest
g) Superlative g) Cooler 13. a) Hardest. It is superlative form,
h) Oldest all the other words are in
comparative form.
2. Comparative form: adjective
Normal b) Difficult. It needs
used to compare two things, 6. a) More honest more/most/less/ least to be in
usually ends in –er. Example: b) More awesome superlative/comparative form.
He is taller than her. c) More amazing All the other words are in
Superlative form: compares d) Less quiet superlative form.
more than two things, usually e) Less polite c) Funnier. It is in comparative
end in –est. Example: He is the f) Less handsome form, all the other words are
tallest in the class. in superlative form.
7. a) Most honest d) Nicest. It is a regular
b) Most awesome adjective, all the others are
3. a) C
c) Most amazing irregular.
b) C
d) Least quiet e) Best. It is in superlative form,
c) S
e) Least polite all the others are in base
d) S
f) Least handsome form.
e) C
f) Good. All the others need
f) S 8. a) Base form more/most/less/least to be
g) S b) Superlative form: ends in – comparative or superlative
h) C est adjectives.
i) C c) Comparative form: ends in –
er
15. a) Better
d) Irregular form: best, worse,
4. a) Superlative adjectives b) Less
far, least
• Youngest c) Worse
• Greatest 9. a) Farther d) More
• Brightest b) Worse, better e) Beautiful
• Oldest c) More f) Colder
b) Comparative adjectives d) Less, more g) Fastest
• Colder e) Least h) Greatest
• Sadder f) Best
16. 1. Worse
• Shorter 2. Hottest
• Greater 10. Intelligent, awesome, amazing,
3. Better /Best
• Smarter beautiful, important
4. Beautiful
• Faster 5. Less
c) Base form adjective 11. a) Most
b) Most 6. Smarter
• High 7. Most
• Hot c) Less
d) Most 8. More
• Funny 9. Far
• Nice e) Most
• Shiny f) Less
• Rich g) Most
h) Less
i) Most
j) Less

45
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
FORMING ADJECTIVES AND
3 ADJECTIVES ENDING IN –ING,
-ED, AND -EN

SCAN HERE TO ENTER APP ZONE

46
EXPLAIN
Observation is one of the greatest powers in the
universe

Hi kids, today we will learn about adjectives. Now


we will learn about the formation of adjectives and
adjectives ending with -ing, -ed and –en.

At the end of the lesson, we will understand how to


use adjectives correctly in a sentence.

1 . F O R M AT I O N O F A D J E C T I V E S

Yes, I am Pottery is an
interested. enjoyable activity.
Would you like to
learn pottery?

Most adjectives do not have specific forms or endings but some are
formed by adding suffixes to nouns, verbs or even other adjectives.

47
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
The table shows us how to form comparative and superlative
adjectives.
Suffixes Adjectives

-y Wealthy, thirsty, cloudy


-ly Lovely, lively, friendly
-ary Honorary, imaginary, preliminary

-able Admirable, comfortable, acceptable


-ible Divisible, responsible, sensible
-al Professional, traditional, delusional
-d/-ed Aged, experienced, learned

-en Woollen, fallen, forgotten


-ful Joyful, careful, blissful
-less Colorless, homeless, flightless
-ic Photographic, heroic, athletic
-ing Interesting, caring, alarming
-ish Foolish, boyish, boorish
-ive Competitive, effective, exhaustive
-ous Dangerous, humorous, adventurous
-some Awesome, wholesome, gruesome

DEFINITION

Adjectives can also be formed with two or more words. They are known
as compound adjectives and are usually hyphenated.

• My cousin owns a six-month-old puppy.


• The one-armed pirate threw the prisoners overboard.
• The hand-painted design on this batik cloth is gorgeous!

48
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
2. ADJECTIVES ENDING WITH –
ING, -ED AND –EN
PA R T I C I P L E S
What a boring I’m interested in
day! I feel this movie! It Oh! I can’t watch
bored. What looks the movie because
shall we do? interesting! my glasses are
broken!

Some adjectives end with –ing, -ed and –en. These adjectives are called
participles.

The –ing participle is used to describe the characteristic of a person or


thing.

• The roller coaster ride is exciting!


• The alarming news about the riots made us worry.
• It is a freezing day.
• Beware of the falling tree.

The -ed participle is used to describe how a person feels.

• I felt excited when I was on the Viking!


• The children were alarmed when they heard the ambulance.

The --en participle is used to describe the state of a person or thing.

• The ice is frozen.


• The fallen tree laid in the middle of the road and caused a traffic jam.

49
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
PRACTIC
PRACTICE
E Master what you have learnt

easy

1 F I L L I N T H E B L A N K S - Fill in the blanks by choosing the


appropriate word.

• suffixes • -en • participles • two


• 16 • -ing • -ed • more

a) Some adjectives are formed by adding ___________ to nouns, verbs

or other adjectives.

b) There are ___________ common suffixes that are used to form

comparative and superlative adjectives.

c) Compound adjectives are formed by ________ or ___________ words

and the are usually hyphenated. For example: one-armed.

d) Some adjectives end with: _______, _______ and ________. These

adjectives are called ________________.

e) The _______ participle is used to describe the characteristics of a

person or thing. For example: exciting.

f) The _______ participle is used to describe how a person feels. For

example: excited.

g) The _______ participle is used to describe the state of a person or

thing. For example: frozen.

50
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
S U F F I X M A T C H U P – Match the following comparative adjectives
2
to their ending forms.

a) Wealthy, thirsty, cloudy i. -al suffix

b) Lovely, lively, friendly ii. -less suffix


c) Honorary, imaginary,
preliminary iii. -en suffix

d) Admirable, comfortable,
iv. -ful suffix
acceptable
e) Divisible, responsible, v. -y suffix
sensible
f) Professional, traditional, vi. -ly suffix
delusional
vii. -ish suffix
g) Aged, experienced, learned
viii. -ing suffix
h) Woollen, fallen, forgotten

i) Joyful, careful, blissful ix. -ive suffix

a) Colorless, homeless, x. -some suffix


flightless
xi. -ous suffix
j) Photographic, heroic,
athletic xii. -ic suffix
k) l) Interesting, caring,
alarming xiii. -d/-ed suffix
l) m) Foolish, boyish, boorish xiv. -ible suffix
m) n) Competitive, effective,
exhaustive xv. -able suffix
n) o) Dangerous, humorous,
xvi. -ary suffix
adventurous
o) p) Awesome, wholesome,
gruesome

51
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
C O M P O U N D A D J E C T I V E O R N O T - Select if the adjective
3
is a compound adjective or not.

a) Six-month-old b) Careful
3 words 1 word

YES NO YES NO
✔ ✔
c) Cold-blooded d) Part-time
2 words 2 words
YES NO YES NO

e) Available f) Well-behaved
1 word 2 words
YES NO YES NO

g) Green-eyed h) Homeless
2 words 1 word
YES NO YES NO

i) Open-minded j) Creative
2 words 1 word

YES NO YES NO

k) 10-page l) Curious
2 words 1 word

YES NO YES NO

52
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
P A R T I C I P L E C H A R T – We learned 3 participles used to make
4
adjectives. Please write examples below.

-ing participle -en participle -ed participle


adjectives adjectives adjectives

PRACTICE
- I N G P A R T I C I P L E O R N O T - Select if the word is an
5
adjective with –ing participle or not.

a) exciting b) far c) boring


YES NO YES NO YES NO

d) fast e) interesting f) slow


YES NO YES NO YES NO

g) working h) caring i) worse


YES NO YES NO YES NO

- E N P A R T I C I P L E O R N O T - Select if the word is an adjective


6
with –en participle or not.

a) frozen b) far c) smart


YES NO YES NO YES NO

53
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
d) wooden e) interesting f) woven
YES NO YES NO YES NO

g) wonderful h) kind i) good


YES NO YES NO YES NO

- E DP P
RAA
RTCI T
C IIPCL E
E O R N O T - Select if the word is an adjective
7
with –ed participle or not.

a) bored b) close c) bad


YES NO YES NO YES NO

d) confused e) scarred f) feeling


YES NO YES NO YES NO

g) working h) shocked i) annoyed


YES NO YES NO YES NO

normal

8 A D J E C T I V E W I T H A S U F F I X O R N O T - Select if the
circled word is an adjective with a suffix or not.

a) experienced player b) interesting book


Y Y
E Describes a noun E Describes a noun
S S
Suffix: YES Suffix: YES
Y Y
E Does NOT describe a noun E Does NOT describe a noun
PRACTICE
S S
Is an adjective with a suffix? Is an adjective with a suffix?
YES NO YES NO

54
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
c) foolish boy d) yellow umbrella
Y Y
E Describes a noun E Describes a noun
S S
Suffix: YES Noun: YES
Y Y
E Does NOT describe a noun E Does NOT describe a noun
S S
Is an adjective with a suffix? Is an adjective with a suffix?
P RYES
A C T INOC E YES NO

e) crying boy f) careful driver


Y Y
E Describes a noun E Describes a noun
S Noun: S
YES Noun: YES
Y Y
E Does NOT describe a noun E Does NOT describe a noun
S S
Is an adjective with a suffix? Is an adjective with a suffix?
YES NO YES NO

V E R B T O A D J E C T I V E – We can build adjectives from verbs


9
adding suffixes. Complete the verbs below:

a) play ful = b) enjoy able =

c) help ful = d) protect ive =

e) create ive = f) care ful =

g) glow ing = h) use less =

N O U N T O A D J E C T I V E – We can build adjectives from nouns


10
adding the suffixes. Complete the nouns below:

a) danger ous = b)compliment ary =

c) adventure ous = d) person al =

e) accident al = f) day ly =

g) rain y = h) power less =

55

Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
A D J E C T I V E T O A N O T H E R A D J E C T I V E – We can build
11
adjectives from other adjectives adding suffixes. Complete the adjectives
below:
a) pink ish = b) sick ly =

c) elder ly = d) kind ly =

e) correct ive = f) care ful =

g) comic al = h) mystery ous =

12 L O C K A N D K E Y - Circle the keys that match to the lock below:

a) b) c)

adjectives ending adjectives ending adjectives ending in


in –ing participle in –ed participle –en participle

exciting troubled great

cold funny wooden

overwhelming young woven

naughty damaged warm

alarming excited fallen

heavy engaged old

56

Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
13 Check if an adjective is used by putting a ✔ or ❌. If yes, circle the
adjective and choose which participle is being used.
✔ a) Smarty gets excited every time he discovers something new.

-ing participle ✔ -ed participle -en participle

Describes Describes
characteristics ✔ feelings Describes state

b) Planet Spark has many interesting places.

-ing participle -ed participle -en participle

Describes Describes
characteristics feelings Describes state

c) Draco was alarmed to see that Captain Spark was winning.

-ing participle -ed participle -en participle

Describes Describes
characteristics feelings Describes state

d) The team is having a troubling situation.

-ing participle -ed participle -en participle

Describes Describes
characteristics feelings Describes state

e) A wooden sword doesn’t resist too much.

-ing participle -ed participle -en participle

Describes Describes
characteristics feelings Describes state

f) You can see falling stars all the time on Planet Spark.

-ing participle -ed participle -en participle

Describes Describes
characteristics feelings Describes state

57

Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
14 B U C K E T T H I S – Choose the compound adjectives.

well-
10-page amazing
behaved

sad 4-foot awesome

important easy part-time

one-armed beautiful kind

15 C I R C L E M E - Circle the adjective and its suffix. Tip: Remember


that there are 16 different suffixes.

a) Draco is powerful, but he is also a little foolish.

b) There are many available rooms in the spaceship!

c) Draco is cautious when he talks to Captain Spark.

d) There are many natural resources on Planet Spark.

e) Smarty and Naughty are careful when planning an experiment

together.

f) Naughty is a very competitive girl.

g) The Stormy Sea is a very dangerous place, but the Greeny

Grasslands are very lovely.

h) There are many wonderful sights and interesting places on Planet

Spark.

58
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
16 F I L L M E U P - Fill in the blanks by choosing the appropriate word.

a) Poha is a child.
wonder very wonderful

b) The Stormy Sea is a place.


danger dangerous dry

c) Captain Spark is very .

responsibility responsible responsive

d) Simba is a boy.

joyful joy enjoy

e) The spaceship is very .

comfortable comfort comforting

f) Draco is very .
seriously critic serious

super

O D D O N E O U T - Circle the word that is the odd one out in the


17
group. Also, write down the reason.

a) walking crying
falling swimming
foolish
interesting waiting flying

Reason:

b) woolen golden broken


fallen worried
wooden woven driven

Reason:

59
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
c) amused interesting
worried confused tired
bored alarmed

Reason:

d) windy rainy
cloud cloudy shiny
sunny chilly

Reason:

e) wonderful
frozen
careful hopeful
colorful beautiful
joyful

Reason:

f) meaningless fearless
wonderful homeless
childless powerless hopeless

Reason:

18 F R A M E S E N T E N C E S - Use the adjectives below in a sentence.

a) powerful

b) hopeless

c) shocking

d) confused

e) frozen

f) creative

60
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
PRACTICE
F I L L I N T H E B L A N K S - Fill in the blanks with the correct form of
19
the adjective. Hint: You can see the base noun, verbs or adjective in the
box below!

serious wonderful danger sun comfortable

fun joy colour responsible athletic

a) Captain Spark takes problems very _____________.

b) Smarty is a silly and __________ child.

c) There are many ___________ places on Planet Spark! Like the

Stormy Sea.

d) The Greeny Grasslands are very calm and _______________, you

can feel peace when you are there.

e) Poha is very ___________, he is always smiling!

f) Planet Spark is a very __________ planet, you can find many colors!

g) Naughty always does her homework, she is a very ______________

child.

h) The Golden Beach is always __________ and hot!

i) Roxy and Captain Spark run every day! They are very __________!

j) Simba’s bed is very ________________, that is why he sleeps a lot

during the day!

61
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
S C R A M B L E G A M B L E - Unscramble the following words to form
20
P R A CorTcomparative
superlative I C E adjectives. The first and last letters are already in
the right place.

a) slifesh b) ctriaeve

c) hpesells d) hopeufl

e) fllaen f) breod
g) ietestnring h) fnuny

C R O S S W O R D - Read the clues and solve the crossword about


21
adjectives. Tip: The adjectives in their base form are below!

Across Down
1. Smarty is always c_________ in the lab! 2. Captain Spark very _________, he
4. The Golden Beach is always _________! loves sports!
5. Simba has an i_____________ friend! 3. Planet Spark is very i
7. Roxy is very ______________, she ______________!
always finishes her work on time! 6. Draco is very _________, he has a lot
9. The team is very a_____________! of money.
10. Naughty's laugh is l_________! 8. Simba is very c___________.

careful athletic interesting imaginary adventurous


sunny curious wealthy responsible lovely

62
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
olympiad

STORY TIME - Rewrite the story and fix the mistakes to form
22
adjectives from nouns, verbs or other adjectives.

The Golden Beach is a beauty place and it is always sun. The


Stormy Sea is very wind and rain. The team loves to go to the
Greeny Grasslands, because it is warm and wonder. There are
many amaze views on Planet Spark.
The universe is danger, but there are always interest places.
If you could go to the beauty places on Planet Spark, where
would you go?

63
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
S T O R Y - Write a short story about the characters in Planet Spark using
23
at least 2 adjectives every time you describe them. Tip: Draco is a foolish,
creative and powerful character!

curious responsible interesting wonderful wealthy

funny athletic lovely beautiful competitive

F A M I L Y B O O K - Captain Spark and his friends want to know more


24
about your family and friends! Please write about your family and friends
using as many adjectives as possible!
You have a beautiful and wonderful family!

Remember that this will help Captain Spark


and his team! Try to write as many details as
you can!

64
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
SHARE

SHARE YOUR ACHIEVEMENTS!

I was supposed to learn:

What I actually learnt:

I am still confused about:

I rate myself:

65
ANSWERS
EASY
7. a) Yes 15. a) Powerful, foolish
1. a) Suffixes b) No b) Available
b) 16 c) No c) Natural
c) Two, more d) Yes d) Careful
d) -en, -ed , -ing e) Yes e) Competitive
e) -ing f) No f) Dangerous, lovely
f) -ed g) No g) Wonderful, interesting
g) -en h) Yes
2. a) v i) Yes 16. a) Wonderful
b) vi NORMAL b) Dangerous
c) xvi 8. a) Yes –ed c) Responsible
d) xv b) Yes –ing d) Joyful
e) xiv c) Yes –ish e) Comfortable
f) i d) No f) Serious
g) xiii e) Yes –ing
h) iii f) Yes -ful SUPER
i) iv
9. a) Playful
j) ii 17. a) Foolish- ends in –ish other
b) Enjoyable
k) xii end in -ing
c) Helpful
l) viii b) Worried – ends in –ed ,
d) Protective
m) vii others end in -en
e) Creative
n) ix c) Interesting – ends in –ing,
f) Careful
o) xi others end in -ed
g) Glowing
p) x d) Cloud- it’s a noun, the others
h) Useless
end in -y
3. a) Yes 10. a) Dangerous e) Frozen- ends in –en, others
b) No b) Complimentary end in -ful
c) Yes c) Adventurous f) Wonderful- ends in –ful,
d) Yes d) Personal others end in -less
e) No e) Accidental
f) Yes f) Daily 19. a) Seriously
g) Yes g) Rainy b) Funny
h) No h) Powerless c) Dangerous
i) Yes d) Wonderful
11. a) Pinkish
j) No e) Joyful
b) Sickly
k) Yes f) Colorful
c) Elderly
l) No g) Responsible
d) Kindly
h) Sunny
e) Corrective
4. a) iii i) Athletic
b) ii f) Careful
j) Comfortable
c) i g) Comical
d) v h) Mysterious 20. a) Selfish
e) iv 12. a) Exciting, overwhelming, b) Creative
6. a) Yes alarming c) Helpless
5. a) Yes b) Troubled, damaged, excited, d) Hopeful
b) No b) No
engaged e) Fallen
c) Yes c) No
c) Wooden, woven, fallen f) Bored
d) No d) Yes
g) Interesting
e) Yes e) No 13. a) Excited –ed
h) Funny
f) No f) Yes b) Interesting –ing
g) Yes g) No c) Alarmed –ed 21. 1. Careful
h) Yes h) No d) Troubling –ing 2. Athletic
i) No i) No e) Wooden –en 3. Interesting
f) Falling -ing 4. Sunny
5. Imaginary
14. a) 10-page, well-behaved, 4- 6. Wealthy
foot, part-time, one-armed
7. Responsible
8. Curious
9. Adventurous
10. Lovely

66
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
NOUNS AS ADJECTIVES,
4 ADJECTIVES AS NOUNS AND
ADJECTIVE PHRASES

SCAN HERE TO ENTER APP ZONE

67
EXPLAIN
Observation is one of the greatest powers in the
universe

Hi kids, today we will learn about adjectives. Now


we will learn about nouns as adjectives, adjectives
as nouns and adjective phrases.

At the end of the lesson, we will understand how to


use adjectives correctly in a sentence.

1 . N O U N S T H AT B E H AV E L I K E A D J E C T I V E S

Come on! Let‘s join the


game on the
football court!

Although we usually use adjectives to describe nouns, we can also use


nouns to describe other nouns. In this case, the nouns behave like
adjectives and are placed before the nouns to be described.

• Clarissa works in a bicycle shop.


• What a touching love story this is!

68
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
The real noun is in the plural, and not the noun behaving as an
adjective.

 Computer shops.
 Apple pies.

× Computers shop.
× Apples pie.

However, plural-looking nouns remain unchanged.

• One news reporter.


• One sports hall.
• Two news reporters.
• Three sports halls.

We can use several nouns that behave as an adjective before a noun.

• The honey turkey ham is delectable!


• The Singapore soccer team coach is training the players.

We can use an adjective before nouns that behave as an adjective to


describe a noun.

• The delicious orange juice was sold out almost immediately!


• The students enjoyed the enriching school excursion to the
Discovery Centre.

69
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
2 . A D J E C T I V E S T H AT B E H AV E L I K E
NOUNS

The rich and


famous
lead a lavish
lifestyle.

We can shorten a noun phrase by using an adjective as a noun.

When we remove the word people in the following sentence, the words rich
and famous become nouns.

• Rich people and famous people lead a lavish lifestyle. The rich and
famous lead a lavish lifestyle.

The definite article the is used before adjectives that behave like nouns.

• Mother Teresa dedicated her life to helping the sick and the poor.
• We should give up our seats on the train to the old.

70
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
PRACTIC
PRACTICE
E Master what you have learnt

easy

1 F I L L I N T H E B L A N K S - Fill in the blanks by choosing the


appropriate word.

• nouns • adjective • shorten • the


• real • several • before

a) ___________ can be used to describe other nouns. In this case, the

noun behaves like an ______________ and is placed ___________

the noun it describes.

b) When there is a plural noun, the plural is placed on the _________

noun and not the noun behaving like an ________________.

c) We can use ________________ nouns that behave like adjectives to

describe other nouns.

d) We can also use an adjective _____________ nouns that behave as

adjectives to describe a noun.

e) We can _______________ a noun phrase by using an

______________ as a noun.

f) The definite article ____________ is used ______________ adjectives

that behave like ___________.

71
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
PRACTICE
2 D I F F E R E N T I AT E B E T W E E N :

Adjective VS Noun

Example Example

3 N O U N O R N O T - Select if the word is a noun or not.

a) lion b) football c) funny


YES NO YES NO YES NO

d) confused e) channel f) feeling


YES NO YES NO YES NO

g) work h) hard i) car


YES NO YES NO YES NO

j) red k) bike l) interesting


YES NO YES NO YES NO

72
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
4 A D J E C T I V E O R N O T - Select if the word is an adjective or not.

a) bored b) man c) tiger


YES NO YES NO YES NO


d) easy e) scarred f) country
YES NO YES NO YES NO

g) Canada h) smart i) tired


YES NO YES NO YES NO

j) delicious k) boy l) friendly


YES NO YES NO YES NO

PRACTICE
5 A D J E C T I V E O R N O U N - Select if the word is an adjective or a
noun.
a) shiny b) soccer c) small
A N A N A N

d) news e) delicious f) man


A N A N A N

g) girl h) team i) fast


A N A N A N

j) cat k) funny l) tired


A N A N A N

73
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
6 P L U R A L O R N O T - Select if the word plural or not.

a) lions b) pigs c) letter


YES NO YES NO YES NO


d) apples e) channel f) America
YES NO YES NO YES NO

g) work h) dogs i) cat


YES NO YES NO YES NO

j) cars k) team l) group


YES NO YES NO YES NO

m) robot n) nuggets o) carrots


YES NO YES NO YES NO

normal

A N O U N B E H AV I N G L I K E A N A D J E C T I V E O R N O T
7
- Select if the circled word is a noun behaving like an adjective or not.

a) soccer player b) experienced player


Y Y

E Noun describing a noun E Noun describing a noun
S S
Real noun: player Real noun: YES
Y Y
E Adjective describing a noun ✔
E Adjective describing a noun
PR SACTICE
Is it a noun behaving like an
S P R A like
Is it a noun behaving C TanI C E
adjective? adjective?
✔ YES NO YES NO ✔

74
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
c) good heart d) sports channels
Y Y
E Noun describing a noun E Noun describing a noun
S S
Real noun: Real noun: YES
Y Y
E Adjective describing a noun E Adjective describing a noun
PRS ACTICE
Is it a noun behaving like an
S P R A like
Is it a noun behaving C TanI C E
adjective? adjective?
YES NO YES NO

e) kind girl f) chocolate cake


Y Y
E Noun describing a noun E Noun describing a noun
S S
Real noun: Real noun: YES
Y Y
E Adjective describing a noun E Adjective describing a noun
PRS ACTICE
Is it a noun behaving like an
S P R A like
Is it a noun behaving C TanI C E
adjective? adjective?
YES NO YES NO

8 A N A D J E C T I V E B E H AV I N G L I K E A N O U N O R N O T
- Select if the circled word is an adjective behaving like a noun or not.

a) the sick b) basketball player


✔ Adjective Adjective

Referring to a person, Referring to a person,


✔ place, animal or thing Panimal
place, R A CorTthing
ICE
Is it an adjective behaving like a noun? Is it an adjective behaving like a noun?
✔ YES NO YES NO ✔

c) the poor d) the rich

Adjective Adjective

Referring to a person, Referring to a person,


place, animal or thing Panimal
place, R A CorTthing
ICE

75
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Is it an adjective behaving like a noun? Is it an adjective behaving like a noun?
YES NO YES NO

e) cute dog f) the intelligent

Adjective Adjective

Referring to a person, Referring to a person,


place, animal or thing
PRACTICE Panimal
place, R A CorTthing
ICE
Is it an adjective behaving like a noun? Is it an adjective behaving like a noun?
YES NO YES NO

g) vanilla ice-cream h) carrot cake

Adjective Adjective

Referring to a person, Referring to a person,


place, animal or thing Panimal
place, R A CorTthing
ICE
PRACTICE
Is it an adjective behaving like a noun? Is it an adjective behaving like a noun?
YES NO YES NO

T H E N O U N P H R A S E M A K E R ! You have been given a set each


9
of nouns and adjectives. Use them to create noun phrases using two rules.

Adjectives Nouns Nouns as adjectives


red tiger team
tall man orange
big girl soccer
naughty soda weather
wild boy grape
smart jersey

a) RULE 1 b) RULE 2
adjective noun noun as adjective noun

tall boy weather man

76
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
10 L O C K A N D K E Y - Circle the keys that match to the lock below:

a) b) c)
adjective
noun as adjective adjective as a
describing a
noun noun

funny man soccer game the rich

cold mountain simple test new

soccer young man the poor

captain sports channel shiny

heavy rich the famous

11 B U C K E T T H I S – Choose the adjectives.

horse toy cute Adjectives

sad map hero

important easy bad

good beautiful fish

77
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
12 P L U R A L F O R M - Write the following noun phrases in plural form.
PRACTICE
a) soccer team b) carrot cake

Word acting like a noun: team Word acting like a noun:

Plural of the noun: teams Plural of the noun:

Plural of the phrase: soccer teams Plural of the phrase:

c) mango juice d) bowling game

Word acting like a noun: Word acting like a noun:


Plural of the noun: Plural of the noun:
Plural of the phrase: Plural of the phrase:

e) orange soda f) team jersey


Word acting like a noun: Word acting like a noun:
Plural of the noun: Plural of the noun:
Plural of the phrase: Plural of the phrase:

g) lion heart h) coffee shop

Word acting like a noun: Word acting like a noun:


Plural of the noun: Plural of the noun:
Plural of the phrase: Plural of the phrase:

T H E R U L E – Make noun phrases using adjectives that behave like


13 nouns. Remember that you must write “the” before adjectives that
behave like nouns!

a) the rich =

b) the famous =

c) the old =

d) the sick =

e) the poor =

f) the Irish =

g) the Japanese =

78

Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
C I R C L E M E - Circle the nouns behaving like adjectives.
14

a) The computer store also sells laptops.

b) Captain Spark likes to eat chocolate cake.

c) Simba likes coffee and lime tea.

d) The soccer team jersey is black and blue.

e) Smarty and Naughty like to go to the candy shop, but they also

enjoy going to the pizza restaurant.

f) Roxy likes apple pies and milk.

g) Draco likes to watch sports channels and movie channels.

h) Planet Spark has many stores. There you can find music stores,

coffee shops and grocery stores.

15 C I R C L E M E - Circle the adjectives behaving like nouns.

a) The rich and famous are very popular.

b) The young usually like technology.

c) The intelligent enjoy reading and writing .

d) The team loves adventures!

e) Captain Spark is smart and popular.

f) The old like to rest and relax.

g) In the movie theater you can buy grape juice.

h) Nice people help the sick.

79
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
super

16 O D D O N E O U T - Circle the word that is the odd one out in


the group. Also, write down the reason.

a) green boy
long funny
tall
shiny smart short

Reason:

b) the famous the poor the old


the young the intelligent
the rich Canadian the wealthy

Reason:

c) chicken salad
soccer team carrot cake
sunny day basketball team

Reason:

d) cheese sandwich
protein shake
apple pies chocolate cake chicken nugget

Reason:

e) hot beach
chocolate brownie tall boy
cold day nice weather

Reason:

f) city woman
wonderful team
boy lion

Reason:

80
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
F R A M E S E N T E N C E S - Use the adjectives below like nouns in a
17
sentence.

a) rich

b) famous

c) intelligent

d) old

e) young

f) Irish

g) sick

h) poor

i) homeless

j) wise

18 S C R A M B L E G A M B L E - Unscramble the following words to form


P R A CorTnouns.
adjectives I C EThe first and last letters are already in the right place.

a) iegllntinet b) chtlaooce

c) bkstaleabl d) fuoams

e) Iirsh f) corrat
g) buuafteil h) eapnlhet

81
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
PRACTICE
F I L L I N T H E B L A N K S - Fill in the blanks with a noun behaving
19
like an adjective or a regular noun. Tip: remember that plurals go on the
real adjective!

apple music apples field movie

stores carrot store movies teams

turkey sports history chocolate games

a) Captain Spark loves ___________ cake!

b) Smarty doesn’t like _________ pies, but he likes _______!

c) There are many ________ on Planet Spark, but Poha’s favorite

_________ is the _________ store!

d) The _________ jockey team has a lot of people!

e) Naughty likes to watch __________ on the ________ channel!

f) Roxy likes to have ____________ sandwiches for lunch!

g) Draco’s favorite channels are the ___________ channel and the

_________ channel!

h) Smarty loves to eat _____________ ice-cream after doing

experiments!

i) There are many famous soccer ___________ on Planet Spark!

Captain Spark love to watch soccer __________ on TV.

82
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
C R O S S W O R D - Read the clues and solve the crossword about
20
nouns that behave likes adjectives and adjectives that behave like
nouns. Tip: choose from the words in the box!

Across Down
2. Roxy likes _____________ salad. 1. The __________ have a lot of
6. The _______ team loves to kick money!
the ball! 3. ___________ cakes are delicious!
9. The ________________ usually 4. The __________ love St. Patrick's
like to study! Day!
10. The _____________ are usually 5. The ______________ team has
in movies! orange balls!
7. You can listen to jazz at the
_________ store.
8. Roxy likes ____________ pies!

intelligent chocolate basketball famous Irish


chicken soccer rich apple music

83
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
olympiad

21 STORY TIME - Rewrite the story adding nouns that behave like
adjectives to the nouns and shorter phrases using adjectives that behave
like nouns to the nouns in bold.

The famous actors were invited to Planet Spark by Captain


Spark. They ate pies, cakes, pizzas and drank a lot of soda! They
also visited many wonderful places on Planet Spark.
They went to a game with the team and wore jerseys. The rich
people also enjoyed the game. After that, Roxy took them to a shop
to buy souvenirs.
The rich and famous actors had a great time on Planet Spark!

84
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
S T O R Y - Write a short story about the stores, food and drinks we can
22
find on Planet Spark! Try to use many nouns that behave like adjectives
and adjectives that behave like nouns! Please use the words below.

apple strawberry rich music shoe

vanilla famous orange book soccer

S P O R T S B O O K - Captain Spark and his friends want to know more


23
about sports teams! Please write about your favorite sport and its teams!
Describe how they dress and what they play.

Use nouns that behave like adjectives and


adjectives that behave like nouns! Try to write
as many details as you can!

85
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
SHARE

SHARE YOUR ACHIEVEMENTS!

I was supposed to learn:

What I actually learnt:

I am still confused about:

I rate myself:

86
ANSWERS
15. a) The rich and famous
EASY h) yes b) The young
i) no c) The intelligent
1. a) nouns, adjective, before j) yes d) No
b) real, adjective k) no e) No
c) several l) no f) The old
d) before m) no g) No
e) shorten, adjective n) yes h) The sick
f) the, before, nouns o) yes
2. a) Adjectives- are used to
SUPER
NORMAL 16. a) boy- it is a noun, the others
describe nouns. For
example: shiny, long, 7. a) yes – player are adjectives
complicated. b) no – adjective b) Canadian- it is a regular
b) Nouns – names of things. c) no – adjective adjective, the others are
For example: city, car, horse d) yes - channels adjectives behaving like
e) no - adjective nouns
f) yes - cake c) sunny day – adjective + noun,
3. a) yes
b) yes 8. a) yes the others are noun +noun
c) no b) no d) apple pies – plural noun +
d) no c) yes noun, the others are singular
e) yes d) yes e) chocolate brownie – noun +
f) no e) no noun, the others are noun +
g) yes f) yes adjective
h) no g) no f) wonderful – it is an adjective,
i) yes h) no others are nouns
j) no 9. a) Tall boy, big soda, wild tiger,
k) yes smart girl, big man.
l) no b) Weather man, grape soda, 18. a) intelligent
4. a) yes soccer jersey, orange soda. b) chocolate
b) no 10. a) Funny man, cold mountain c) basketball
c) no b) soccer game, sports channel d) famous
d) yes c) The rich, the poor, the e) Irish
e) yes famous f) carrot
f) no g) beautiful
11. a) cute, sad, important, easy,
g) no h) elephant
bad, good, beautiful
h) yes 19. a) carrot
12. a) soccer teams b) apple, apples
i) yes b) carrots cakes
j) yes c) stores, store, music
c) mango juices d) field
k) no d) bowling games
l) yes e) movies, movie
e) orange sodas f) turkey
5. a) adjective f) team jerseys g) history, sports
b) noun g) lion hearts h) chocolate
c) adjective h) coffee shops i) teams, games
d) noun 13. a) the rich
e) adjective
19. 1. rich
b) the famous 2. chicken
f) noun c) the old
g) noun 3. chocolate
d) the sick 4. Irish
h) noun e) the poor
i) adjective 5. basketball
f) the Irish 6. soccer
6. a) yes g) the Japanese 7. music
b) yes 8. apple
c) no 14. a) computer 9. intelligent
d) yes b) chocolate 10. famous
e) no c) lime 21. The famous and rich actors,
f) no d) soccer team apple pies, carrot cakes,
g) no e) candy, pizza pepperoni pizzas, orange
h) yes f) apple soda, soccer game, soccer
g) sports, movies team, team jerseys, the rich,
h) music, coffee, grocery soccer game, gift shop, the
rich and famous.
87
Copyright © 2017-18 Winspark Innovations Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
CONGRATULATIONS!

ADJECTIVES AWARD
Level
7
PRESENTED TO

AWARDED BY

DATE

STUDENT’S SIGNATURE TEACHER’S/ PARENT’S SIGNATURE


OUR PRODUCTS

BOOKS & ACTIVITIES

Spark English & Maths


Board Game Activities
Workbooks

ONLINE LEARNING

Videos Games Online Quizzes


OUR STEPS
METHODOLOGY
Planet Spark uses its own proprietary learning methodology called
the ‘STEPS Methodology’ that has been designed keeping in mind
the learning needs of a 21st century child. We believe that there
are 5 phases in which a child learns and these phases are
embodies into STEPS – Spark, Think, Explain, Practice and
Share!

SHARE Reflect, summarise & share

PRACTICE Apply the knowledge

EXPLAIN Observe & Analyse

THINK Explore through activities & games

SPARK Generate curiosity

DESIGNED USING

5 E Model of Inquiry Based Learning

Guided Practice

Spaced Repetition

Game Based Learning


Each PlanetSpark workbook has been designed by our expert team of ‘Learning
Experience Designers’ who use our proprietary STEPS Methodology. This
methodology combines several techniques such as Guided Practice, Spaced
Repetition and Game Based learning to craft learning content that is highly
engaging and leads to long-term retention.

100% SCHOOL ALIGNED

LEADS TO DEEPER CONCEPTUAL CLARITY

FUN AND ENGAGING

EXTENSIVE COVERAGE WITH LOTS OF PRACTICE

EXPLORE OUR OTHER PRODUCTS AT

WWW.PLANETSPARK.IN

SPARK MATHS WORKBOOKS

BACKED BY

Recognised as 10 Most Promising Education Apps – 2018 by Silicon India Magazine