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2D plane strain plasticity

REFERENCE Background to Material Non-Linear Benchmarks, Ref . R0049, NAFEMS,


Glasgow, 1998

MODEL FILENAME 2D Plane Strain.nfx

Figure 1 shows a 2D plane strain model undergoing elastic-plastic deformation. Two plasticity models are
considered; a perfect plasticity model and an isotropic hardening model. Plane strain elements are incorporated
to evaluate the nonlinear response. The loading conditions are summarized in Table 1.

uy

D C

L = 1.0 mm ux

A B

L = 1.0 mm

Figure 1. 2D plane strain model

Young’s modulus E = 250.0  103 N/mm2


Poisson’s ratio  = 0.25
Material data
Perfect plasticity  Y = 5.0 N/mm2
Isotropic hardening ET = 50.0  103 N/mm2

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25.0
σ_xx
σ_yy
20.0 σ_zz
σ_eff
Reference
15.0
Stress (N/mm2)

10.0

5.0

0.0

-5.0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Step

(a) Perfect plasticity

25.0
σ_xx
σ_yy
20.0 σ_zz
σ_eff
Reference
15.0
Stress (N/mm2)

10.0

5.0

0.0

-5.0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Step

(b) Isotropic hardening

Figure 2. Stress variation obtained using plane strain elements


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10.0
Yield surface
8.0
midas NFX
Reference 6.0

4.0

2.0
σyy - σzz

0.0

-2.0

-4.0

-6.0

-8.0

-10.0
-10.0 -5.0 0.0 5.0 10.0
σxx - σzz

(a) Perfect plasticity

10.0
Yield surface
8.0
midas NFX
Reference 6.0

4.0

2.0
σyy - σzz

0.0

-2.0

-4.0

-6.0

-8.0

-10.0
-10.0 -5.0 0.0 5.0 10.0
σxx - σzz

(b) Isotropic hardening

Figure 3. Stress path obtained using plane strain elements

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Table 1. Displacements prescribed in 8 increments (R = 2.5  10-5)

Step Disp. change x [mm] y [mm] Stress state

Step 1 Δux = R R 0.0 first yield

Step 2 Δux = R 2R 0.0 plastic flow

Step 3 Δuy = R 2R R elastic unloading

Step 4 Δuy = R 2R 2R plastic reloading

Step 5 Δux = -R R 2R plastic flow

Step 6 Δux = -R 0.0 2R plastic flow

Step 7 Δuy = -R 0.0 R elastic unloading

Step 8 Δuy = -R 0.0 0.0 plastic flow

Table 2. Stress obtained at step 4, perfect plasticity

No. of elements  xx [N/mm2]  yy [N/mm2]  zz [N/mm2]  eff [N/mm2]

Reference 16.31210 19.71433 13.97358 5.000000

QUAD-4 1 16.32229 19.71016 13.96755 5.000000

Table 3. Stress obtained at step 4, isotropic hardening

No. of elements  xx [N/mm2]  yy [N/mm2]  zz [N/mm2]  eff [N/mm2]

Reference 16.85673 20.24083 12.90243 6.361633

QUAD-4 1 16.86400 20.23665 12.89935 6.361184