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Contents xi

Polyphase Alternating Current 123


Three phase 124
Three-phase connections 124
Electrical Properties of Delta and Wye 126
Delta connection () 126
Wye connection (Y) 126
Delta and wye summarized 126
Review Questions 127

Chapter 8. Inductors and Transformers 129


Performance Objectives 129
Changing Inductance 130
Self-Inductance 130
Mutual Inductance 133
Inductive Reactance 134
Measuring XL 134
Power in an Inductive Circuit 134
Uses for Inductive Reactance 135
Transformers 135
Mutual inductance in a transformer 135
Iron-core transformer 136
Construction 137
Types of iron-core transformers 137
Voltage Transfer 138
Step up, step down 139
Turns ratio 139
Power Transformers 140
Audio Frequency and Radio Frequency Transformers 140
Autotransformers 141
Transformer Losses 142
Inductive Circuits 144
Special handling 145
Utilizing the Inductive Delay 146
Review Questions 146

Chapter 9. Capacitors and Capacitive Reactance 147


Performance Objectives 147
The Capacitor 149
How the Capacitor Works 149
Capacity of a Capacitor 150
Breakdown Voltage 151
Basic Units of Capacitance 151
Types of Capacitors 151
Electrolytic Capacitors 153
Making an electrolytic capacitor 154
Connecting electrolytics 154
Working Voltage, Direct Current (WVDC) 155
Capacitive Reactance 155
Capacitor Causes a Lagging Voltage 156
Checking Capacitors 157
Review Questions 158