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## By the Maths Learning Centre, University of Adelaide

The Basics

𝛾
Angles on a line add to 180°. 𝛽
𝛼

𝛼 𝛽
Angles at a point add to 360°. 𝛾
𝛿

𝛽
When two lines cross, opposite angles are 𝛼 𝛼
equal. 𝛽

Parallel Lines

## When a line crosses parallel lines, 𝛼

alternate angles are equal. 𝛼

𝛽 𝛼
𝛽 𝛼 𝛽
When a line crosses parallel lines, 𝛽 𝛼
corresponding angles are equal. 𝛽 𝛼 𝛽

𝛽
When a line crosses parallel lines, 𝛼

Shapes

𝛼 𝛾

## The angles in any polygon with sides add

to ( ) . Angle sum ( )
By the Maths Learning Centre, University of Adelaide

Triangles

𝛽 𝛾

## In a triangle, the largest angle is opposite

𝑐 𝛼 𝑏
the longest side, and the smallest angle is 𝛾
𝛽
opposite the shortest side. 𝑎

## In an isosceles triangle (two sides equal), 𝛼

the angles opposite the equal sides are
equal. 𝛼

60°
In an equilateral triangle (all sides equal),
the angles are all 60°. 60°
60°

Circles

𝛼
𝛼
In a circle, all the angles subtended at the
edge by the same chord are equal. 𝛼

𝛼
In a circle, the angle subtended at the
centre by a chord is twice the angle 𝛼
subtended at the edge.

## At a point on the edge of a circle, the angle

between the radius and the tangent is a
right angle.