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USEFUL FACTS ABOUT ANGLES

By the Maths Learning Centre, University of Adelaide

The Basics

𝛾
Angles on a line add to 180°. 𝛽
𝛼

𝛼 𝛽
Angles at a point add to 360°. 𝛾
𝛿

𝛽
When two lines cross, opposite angles are 𝛼 𝛼
equal. 𝛽

Parallel Lines

When a line crosses parallel lines, 𝛼


alternate angles are equal. 𝛼

𝛽 𝛼
𝛽 𝛼 𝛽
When a line crosses parallel lines, 𝛽 𝛼
corresponding angles are equal. 𝛽 𝛼 𝛽

𝛽
When a line crosses parallel lines, 𝛼
co-interior angles add to 180°.

Shapes

The angles in any triangle add to 180°. 𝛽


𝛼 𝛾

The angles in any quadrilateral add to 360°.

The angles in any polygon with sides add


to ( ) . Angle sum ( )
USEFUL FACTS ABOUT ANGLES
By the Maths Learning Centre, University of Adelaide

Triangles

The angles in any triangle add to 180°. 𝛼


𝛽 𝛾

In a right-angled triangle, the two smaller


angles add to 90°.

In a triangle, the largest angle is opposite


𝑐 𝛼 𝑏
the longest side, and the smallest angle is 𝛾
𝛽
opposite the shortest side. 𝑎

In an isosceles triangle (two sides equal), 𝛼


the angles opposite the equal sides are
equal. 𝛼

60°
In an equilateral triangle (all sides equal),
the angles are all 60°. 60°
60°

Circles

𝛼
𝛼
In a circle, all the angles subtended at the
edge by the same chord are equal. 𝛼

𝛼
In a circle, the angle subtended at the
centre by a chord is twice the angle 𝛼
subtended at the edge.

The angle in a semicircle is a right angle.

At a point on the edge of a circle, the angle


between the radius and the tangent is a
right angle.