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# QUIZ 2

## 1. What is the other name for unsteady state heat transfer?

Transient heat transfer (1 mark)

2. Steady state heat transfer change in temperature with location__ only while unsteady state
heat transfer change in temperature with location__ and time______. (3 marks)

## 3. What is “r” in the governing equation?

_distance from centre location____ (1 mark)

4. For a particular geometry shape, n = 0 is used for a _slab_, n=1 is used for a _cylinder__ and
n = 2 is used for a _sphere_. (3 marks)

5. When we want to calculate the rate of heat transfer for infinite object for example a cylinder,
we only consider that the heat transfer only in _radial__ conduction and not in _axial_ conduction
(from the two ends of the cylinder). (2 marks)

6. Why we use the basic three geometrical shape to calculate the unsteady state heat transfer?
So, we can actually obtain solution for partial differential equation of three geometric shape (2
marks)

## VIDEO 2: Biot Number

1. Biot number is defined as = internal conductive resistance within the body per external
convective resistance at the surface of the body(2 marks)

1
2. The inverse of thermal conductivity (1/k) means ___resistance__ to heat transfer while the
inverse (1/h) means __convective resistance_ to heat transfer. (2 marks)

3. If the h value is very high, then the Biot number will be very ___large__. (1 mark)

## 4. If NBi > 40 : external resistance is very small (1 mark)

5. If NBi < 0.1 : when the thermal conductivity is very __high__________________. Therefore,
the internal resistance is very ________small_______________. (2 marks)

6. 0.1 < NBi < 40 : Internal and ______surface_______________ resistance are important____.
(2 marks)

7. If the blanching process is on peas where the h value of steam at the surface of peas is very
high, the Biot number value will be _____greater than 40________________________. But,
when consider a copper as object replacing peas, then the k value will be high due to high
conductivity of the copper. Therefore, the Biot number value will be _________________less
than 0.1__________ (2 marks)

## VIDEO 3: Negligible internal resistance

1. Why NBi < 0.1 is also called as lumped system?
We assume there is no temperature gradient within the object, temperature changes only
with time (2 marks)

dT
2. q  C pV  hA(Ta  T )
dt
Ta = ______temperature environment________________________________________
T =_________temperature of object at any time_______________________________________
(2 marks)

## 3. Ta – T is called __________________________________________________ while Ta – Ti is

________________________________________________________________. (2 marks)

2
Ta -T
4. is called _______________________________________________________________.
Ta -Ti
(1 mark)

## 5. b value can tell us about ________________________________________________________

the object is going to be heated. (1 mark)

## 6. Calculate the temperature of tomato juice (density = 980 kg/m3) in a steam-jacketed

hemispherical kettle after 7 min of heating. The radius of the kettle is 0.7 m. The convective heat
transfer coefficient in the steam jacket is 5000 W/(m2 oC). The inside surface temperature of the
kettle is 95oC. The initial temperature of tomato juice is 22oC.

Ta -T  hA / pC pV t
e
Ta -Ti

## Area for hemispherical kettle = 𝐴 = 2𝜋𝑟 2

2
Volume for hemispherical kettle = V = 𝜋𝑟 3
3

(6 marks)

𝐴 = 2𝜋𝑟 2

= 2 𝜋(0.7)2

=3.08 m2

2
𝑉= 𝜋𝑟 3
3
2
== 3 𝜋 (0.7)3

0.72 m3

Ta -T  hA / pC pV t
e
Ta -Ti
3
𝑊
95 − 𝑇 − (5000 2 ) (3.08 𝑚2 )(420𝑠)
[𝑚 ˚𝐶]
= exp
95 − 22 𝑘𝑔 𝑘𝑗 𝐽
(980 3 ) (3.95 ) (1000 ) (0.72 𝑚3 )
𝑚 [𝑘𝑔˚𝐶] 𝑘𝐽

95-T= 95-22(0.098)

95-T= 7.154

T= 87.8˚C.