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Venice

Erin, Ben, Quinn, Matthew, Ella, Max


Location
- Located on the coast of the Adriatic Sea in
north east Italy.
Venice in the 16th Century

- Venice was undergoing an immense decline in two aspects

Economically Politically

Cessi, Roberto, and Denis E. Cosgrove. “Venice.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica,
Inc., 21 Jan. 2019, www.britannica.com/place/Venice/History.
Venice in the 16th Century
Economic Downfall

- Venice was a heavyweight trade


super-power.
- Was able to prosper due to its strategic
placement in the maritime region

- But when explorers started discovering


ways to transport goods outside of the
mediterranean Venice lost its land trade
monopoly as well as its crucial sea trade

Time, History. “Venice: A Short History.” YouTube, YouTube, 7 Mar. 2017,


www.youtube.com/watch?v=lQRWtkKrsnY.
Venice in the 16th Century
Political Power Downfall
- They sent ships to help defend Constantinople
against the Turks
- Unfortunately, Constantinople fell and the
Turks declared the first of a series of
Ottoman-Venetian Wars
- These wars were overall devastating for the
Venetians
- Loss of military, funds, and territory outside of
Venice itself

Time, History. “Venice: A Short History.” YouTube, YouTube, 7


Mar. 2017, www.youtube.com/watch?v=lQRWtkKrsnY.
Venice in the 16th Century
Plague
- In addition to all that, the Black
Death devastated Venice first in
1348, and the once again in the 16th
Century between 1575 and 1577.

“Venetian Empire.” Alternative History,


althistory.fandom.com/wiki/Venetian_Empire.
Economic Status
- Considered to be one of the principal ports of entry to northern europe
- Cane sugar, silk textiles and jewellery from Egypt and Asia
- Prime geographic location (protected from open waters of Med)
- Willingness to defend itself and port

“The Venetian Republic." The World Economy by the OECD Development Centre. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2019.
Economic status part 2
- Skilled labour force comprised of goldsmiths, mosaicists and wood carvers who outfitted interiors of churches and
private mansions
- Sugar refinement off the backs of cyprus slaves
- Economic growth began to flatline as new ship building techniques allowed for more exposed passages directly to
western europe
- Venice remained one of the wealthiest parts of Italy throughout the 16th century

“The Venetian Republic." The World Economy by the OECD Development Centre. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2019.
The Venice of Today
636,244 People - 270,884 permanent

- Estimated 20 million tourists Annually


- Parking space (Up to 50 Euros/day)

"Venice Population 2019." Venice Population


2019. N.p., 30 Mar. 2019. Web. 26 Apr. 2019.
Education
- 25% have Bachelor's degree
- 33% Blue collar Jobs
- 66% White collar

"Venice Population 2019." Venice


Population 2019. N.p., 30 Mar.
2019. Web. 26 Apr. 2019.
Venice’s Military (Navy)
-Navy, Navy, Navy

-Sailors doubled as
armed marines (paid)

-Ships = Galee’s,
equipped with greek
fire and later
cannons

-Galeazza =
broadsides
Williamson, Forschungsmitarbeiter Mitch. “The Venetian Arsenal.” Weapons and Warfare, 24 Nov. 2015.
Venice’s Military (Army)
-Navy controlled land forces

-Some permanent land forces to guard important


things (arsenal)

-Hired mercenary Army commanders when needed

-Army = bad for most part

-Hired mercenaries soldiers

-At best a citizen militia, maintained only at


wartimes
Gertwagen, Ruthy. “Venice.” Europe, 1450 to 1789: Encyclopedia of the Early Modern World, Encyclopedia.com, 2019,
The Venetians and the Turks
- Love-hate relationship for 500 years

- Trading partners
- Relied on for economic well-being

- Intermittent wars throughout 12th and 16th

centuries
“Venice and the Ottomans.” Metmuseum.org,
www.metmuseum.org/learn/educators/curriculum-resources/art-of-the-islamic-world/unit-seven/chapter-two/venice-and-the-ottomans.
The Venetians and the Turks
The Turks (Ottomans) offered the Venetians:

- Wheat, spices, raw silk, cotton, and ash

The Venetians offered the Ottomans:

- Soap, paper, textiles

“Venice and the Ottomans.” Metmuseum.org,


www.metmuseum.org/learn/educators/curriculum-resources/art-of-the-islamic-world/unit-seven/chapter-two/venice-and-the-ottomans.
The Venetians and the Turks
- Territorial wars
- Fought mainly over the Peloponnese peninsula, Morea
- The first started in 1463 and the last ended in 1718 when the Ottomans
captured Morea

“Ottoman–Venetian War (1714–1718).” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 20 Mar. 2019,


en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ottoman%E2%80%93Venetian_War_(1714%E2%80%931718).

“Ottoman–Venetian War (1463–1479).” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 26 Sept. 2018,


en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ottoman%E2%80%93Venetian_War_(1463%E2%80%931479).
Territory of the Venetian Republic
The Venetian
Territories are
located on the
adriatic coast line
as well as the
grecian Islands and
were established to
support trade routes
from Venice to the
east - the levant

Braudel, Fernand. The Perspective


of the World. Phoenix, 2001.
Territory of the Ottoman Empire
Created by Turkish tribes in
Anatolia, the Ottoman
Empire grew to control
much of Southeast Europe,
Western Asia and Northern
Africa between the 14th
and 20th century.
Yapp, Malcolm Edward, and Stanford Jay
Shaw. “Ottoman Empire.” Encyclopædia
Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.,
27 Nov. 2018,
www.britannica.com/place/Ottoman-Empire.