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t Shadow Capitalism

a topic of mainstream monetary policy deliberation (and

justifiably, given that it has no nominal zero-bound and is
perfect for dealing with trapped liquidity via Taylor rule), this
paradigm will stand. If and when the IOER enters consensus
debate, we may (and probably will) return to a bad-is-good
Wednesday, November 3, 2010
and good-is-bad market, where the worse data gets, the
more (successful/effective) liquidity the Fed is willing to
Bad is bad and good is good again.
throw at the market.

Amid all of the fireworks, the FOMC ends up announcing And given my pessimistic outlook on the efficacy of the Fed’s
$600b in asset purchases and $200-300b of MBS proceeds monetary policy, at least as long as IOER is greater than zero,
reinvestment. Belly of the curve is favored, with 5-7yr tenors I expect risk to correct. The $600b figure is well below
getting the most love, while only 4% representing demand in estimates as well, which doesn’t hurt the bear case, neither
the 17-30yr sector. The headline number is well under the does the fact that longer-term Tsys weren’t targeted and thus
trillions being considered and below the $1t+ or so that, in long-term yields (whose decline is one of the most effective
my opinion, has been discounted in the market since late tools in promoting growth and inflation) won’t be depressed.
summer. The Fed did, however, eliminate its 35% per-issue SOMA
limit, and with its small but healthy amount of QE announced
But what is the most relevant new factor in play, now that
today, could be setting up for an essentially indefinite length
Fed day has come and gone? In my opinion, this second
of asset purchases, in an ad hoc manner not ceasing until the
iteration of QE will be no more effective (as per the criteria of
status quo changes to a more positive one. I am bearish risk
the FOMC’s dual mandate) than the first instance. QE I was
in the near-term but am getting bullish commodities and
instituted at the height of the financial crisis and successfully
other inflation plays in the longer-term, as inflation is surging
ended the emergency liquidity situation in the banking sector
in EM and this now possibly implicit perpetual, “until-
by extending banks enough liquidity to return to normalized
needed” easing (and its slightly younger, still-in-the-womb
capital ratios and repair asset-liability mismatches. However,
sibling across the pond from the BoE) brings inflation much
fixing the acute banking system concerns did little to help on
closer to the developed nations.
the real economy level, as unemployment has remained
elevated, near-term deflation and growth risk high, and long- In news flow, besides QE, UK and US services PMI both beat
term inflation risk high and rising. October 2008’s by respectable margins, while US ADP employment and
introduction of the interest rate on reserves, both excess and factory orders both grew at above expected rates. On the
required, has created a liquidity trap within excess reserves. political front, the GOP takes the House, as expected, and
Unemployment cannot tick down until production and takes a big chunk of the Senate, leaving only 51 seats still held
industrial activity picks up, which requires consumption to by Dems. The gridlock in Washington, as I’ve been stating,
pick back up, which will not happen as long as consumers are eliminates fiscal stimulus potential, which merely means it
deleveraging. Consumer credit is still declining, showing that will be transferred to the obligation of Bernanke & co., as
household balance sheets have a long way to go before monetary policy overcompensates. In Europe, Portugal
they’re fixed and that QE liquidity was unsuccessful in opposition party DSP saw its austerity budget proposal get
reaching household balance sheets and thus has not been last-minute acceptance, but the bond market responded far
able to repair household asset-liability mismatches. More QE from in kind, with the 3m yield going to 1.82% vs 1.60 prior
will bring more of the same: more printing, more storing in after its auction. Elsewhere, Turkish CPI grew 8.6% vs 8.0%
reserves, more liquidity not reaching households. consensus in October, with food prices jumping to 17.1% YoY
last month and PPI rising 9.92% YoY. Food and input prices
Since QE I was only a success as far as the banking system is
have been on a tear around the world, with food CPI running
concerned and today’s concerns are about the real economy,
above 8% YoY in China and Wholesale Prices rising 17% in
markets won’t respond bullishly to anything but bullish news
India (as pointed in a recent TMM piece). There has been a
now. More bearish news doesn’t mean more QE—at that
divergence in core and ex-food & energy CPI in the US and
point, more QE wouldn’t matter, because it would mean QE is
developed markets as well, and soybeans and corn prices
not working. I contend that we are returning to an intuitive
both saw 15% gains last month in their futures markets. The
trading environment once again, where good news receives
race to debase is on and fully running and (especially serially)
bullish responses and bad news is discounted in by selloffs.
hiking rates will go from being a bullish signal of growth and
Unless and until the interest rate on excess reserves becomes
recovery to a bearish signal of unsuccessfully attempting to I’m staying short EURNZD still, however, as the pro-risk (or,
curb runaway inflation, at rates choking off any remaining more accurately, inverse-vol—except in the case of USD-
growth in these markets. The RBA’s decision to hike in driven risk correction) proxy of bearish euro sentiment. And
November instead of waiting until next month, despite the with milk/corn ratio (see chart below, courtesy of Bloomberg)
weak CPI print a few days ago, as well as China’s huge GDP at 15 month lows (and frustrated farmers looking to diminish
and copper demand data, underscore this current livestock herd sizes in response to surging feed costs, causing
phenomenon. milk supply to decline), NZD looks bullish as its main export
looks ready for major sector rotation gains and its central
Equity ended the day up 40bps after selling off ahead of the bank continues its hike cycle. EURNZD remains in its range
FOMC release and reversing sharply upwards after the 2:15 between 1.74 and 1.88, selling off from its 200d and range
PM EST announcement. The S&P is right up near resistance channel resistance, netting my portfolio another 140 pips on
around 1200-1220, and I think downside risk is the greater today’s selloff.
risk by far at this level and given current circumstances and
internals. After staying out of shorting the S&P for several
weeks (and long for 110 points from 1040), I went short the
S&P and other US equities into close, looking for a reversal to
begin by the end of this week.

EURUSD breaks into the 1.41 handle on the QE news but is

paring its gains since hitting mid-October highs. If this can
break into the 1.42 handle, I’d consider getting long, but
given my perspective on the sustainability of today’s QE
trade, I am expecting a reversal beginning by the end of this
week. Portuguese spreads are widening and peripheral bonds
and CDS spreads have not declined much even as the euro
has surged on the back of tightening liquidity and easing
expectations from the Fed. The German export recovery is AUDUSD up another big fig on the back of the surprise rate
also another significant bearish catalyst going forward, as hike and QE of course. With the rest of the world busy
prevailing exchange rates will send the “recovery” reversing debasing and easing and printing, I suspect that the RBA
in a blink of an eye. I’ll short on some weakness and get doesn’t know what it is in for as far as hot money inflows and
sizably short if 1.37 is broken down. eventually very tough-to-fight input inflation and
unsustainable and quickly-reversing asset price inflation,
particularly in housing. With a prevailing 475bps cash rate,
bank margins are now non-existent and the massive
contagion risk between the five large Aussie banks holding
ridiculously large exposure to Australia’s housing sector (and
by consequence, mining sector) while maintaining 2007-
reminiscent 25% Texas ratios. Eventually balance sheet issues
will start popping up at the banks, which are currently
running tripling profits, and those issues will spread like
wildfire throughout the Australian economy. Commonwealth
already hiked mortgage rates 45bps in reaction to the RBA’s A significant implication of the rise in long yields that I have
25bps cash rate hike. This can’t end well. Still, for now, been predicting and am now seeing manifest is in the rates
there’s no fighting the uptrend and as long as its chart differential between US and Japanese bond yields. With
remains strong, I will go back to buy-the-dip mode in AUD Japanese yields the lowest of all in the world, and going
and copper/Shanghai. The recent plunge in AUDNZD nowhere fast thanks to a surging currency and the worst-
continued today, and this may be a bad sign as the now-175- performing equity market since March 2009 lows, the
in-positive-carry is still seeing offered supply, even in the face nominal yield on USTs is determining the entire spread
of carry trades running rampant elsewhere on the back of the function of US-Japan rates differentials, which is why USDJPY
FOMC. This is also bullish for our NZD-bull position in the has been so highly correlated to yield spreads. With long
EURNZD short trade. AUDUSD’s breakout today may hold, in bond yields spiking and looking to being a strong wave up,
which case I’d be buying on dips, but given the measured this is bullish USDJPY and sets up for a reversal in the cross,
move target from August’s consolidation is 0.99, how which leads up to the JGB crisis I expect in 2011-2012. Back
AUDUSD reacts around overhead resistance will be key to this past summer, I got very bearish USDJPY and was one of
watch. Below 0.965, its 55d, and/or its channel support the first to call for inevitable (and unsuccessful) BoJ
trendline, it looks like a terrific short. intervention. Now, after Toyota Motors has revised its
USDJPY forecast from 90 to 80 (cutting billions in expected
revenue in the process), and while UST yields have started
rising in the back-end, I think the time to buy USDJPY in size
has arrived. I remain long from average price 80.75 in size.

Bonds sold off on the lack of QE allocation for the longer-end

of the curve, confirming my suspicions. The 30yr yield surged
20bps to 4.06%, as 10s30s widened 10bps to 145bps and 30yr
prices ticked down to low 130 handle on volume significantly
above open interest. I expect this trend to continue, as input
and food/energy prices rise, causing back-end spreads
(representing long-term inflation risk—and currently highly
correlated to sovereign CDS and precious metals prices) to
widen as long yields tick up and the belly sees yield
depression from marginal Fed demand. A breakdown below
129 should really get the ball rolling in my long bond short
and back-end curve steepener.

Great move in F today, breaking out of a great seven month

base on greater than 2x average daily volume, surging over
5%. It announced bullish earnings just a few days ago on the
26 of October, and looks very bullish going forward. This is
the type of equity chart I love being long. As long as the 14.50
level holds, this one should be headed for much higher, with
technicals targeting an over 30% rally from current levels, and
possibly challenging the $20 level sometime next year.
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DISCLAIMER: Nothing contained anywhere in this commentary, including

analysis and trade ideas, constitutes or should be construed as investing or
financial advice, suggestion, or recommendation. Please consult a financial
professional and do due diligence before engaging in any purchase or sale of


Long /ZN | 125’15 | stop 124’20 | +1’14

Short APOL | 51.90 | stop 54.00 | +25.88%
Short STRA | 160.00 | stop 165.00 | +15.59%
Long TBT | 32.65 | stop 31.80 | +6.16%
Short /ZB | 133’24 | stop 135’15 | +3’00
Short BAC | 13.32 | stop 13.75 | +13.51%
Short BLK | 179.89 | stop 182.20 | +7.91%
Short GE | 16.73 | stop 17.50 | +4.00%
Long AMZN | 159.10 | stop 152.00 | +5.89%
Long VECO | 39.00 | stop 36.30 | +8.79%
Long YHOO | 15.65 | stop 15.35 | +3.32%
Long /ZC | 559.10 | stop 511.25 | +4.14%
Long TWX | 31.25 | stop 30.80 | +2.62%
Long USD/JPY | 80.75 | stop 79.85 | +35 pips
Long ACAS | 6.67 | stop 6.25 | +7.95%
Long MSFT | 25.20 | stop 24.85 | +7.26%
Long F | 14.25 | stop 13.85 | +6.53%
Short MON | 58.75 | stop 60.50 | -1.36%
Short EUR/NZD | 1.8370 | stop 1.8650 | +370 pips
Short GBP/NZD | 2.0885 | stop 2.1900 | +360 pips
Long LUV | 13.34 | stop 13.00 | +5.77%
Long CAD/JPY | 79.60 | stop 78.55 | +100 pips
Short PWER | 10.58 | stop 11.40 | +5.95%


Long AGU | 80.00 | sell 85.73 | +7.16%

Long MEE | 35.35 | sell 41.30 | +19.15%


Long ZSL | 16.66 | stop 16.40

Short BP | 42.40 | stop 44.80
Short /ES | 1195.00 | stop 1212.00