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EXAMEN UNIDAD I y II

INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO DE OAXACA

Materia: Controladores Lógicos Programables (PLC´S)


Grupo:
Nombre:
______________________________________________________________

1. Define programmable logic controller


2. Identify four tasks in addition to relay switchingoperations that PLCs are capable of
performing.
3. List six distinct advantages that PLCs offer over conventional relay-based control
systems.
4. State two ways in which I/O is incorporated into the PLC.
5. Explain the main function of each of the following major components of a PLC:
a) Processor module (CPU)
b) I/O modules
c) Programming device
d) Power supply module
6. Explain the terms program and programming language as they apply to a PLC.
7. What is the function of a PLC input and output interface module?
8. With reference to a PLC rack:
a) What is a remote rack?
b) Why are remote racks used?
9. List the three basic elements of rack/slot-based addressing.
10. What do PC-based control systems use to interface with fi eld devices?
11. What type of I/O modules have both inputs and outputs connected to them?
12. Explain the function of the backplane of a PLC rack.
13. List four tasks performed by a discrete input module.
14. What electronic element can be used as the switching device for a 120 VAC discrete
output interface module?

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EXAMEN UNIDAD I y II

15. Write a short explanation for each of the following discrete I/O module specifications:
a) Nominal input voltage
b) Input threshold voltages
c) Nominal current per input
d) Ambient temperature rating
e) Input ON/OFF delay
f) Output voltage
g) Output current
h) Inrush current
i) Short circuit protection
j) Leakage curren
k) Electrical isolation
l) Points per module
m) Backplane current draw
16. The encoder circuit shown in Figure 3-17 is used to convert the decimal digits on the
keyboard to a binary code. State the output status (HIGH/LOW) of A-B-C-D when
decimal number
a) 2 is pressed.
b) 5 is pressed.
c) 7 is pressed.
d) 8 is pressed.

Figure 3-17

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EXAMEN UNIDAD I y II

17. Answer the following with reference to the process control relay ladder diagram of
Figure 1-18.
a) When do the pressure switch contacts
close?
b) When do the temperature switch
contacts close?
c) How are the pressure and temperature
switches connected with respect to
each other?
d) Describe the two conditions under
which the motor starter coil will become
energized.
e) What is the approximate value of
the voltage drop across each of the
following when their contacts are
open?
Figure 1-18 Process control relay ladder diagram.  Pressure switch
 Temperature switch
 Manual pushbutton

18. Describa las características constructivas del PLC asignado a su equipo


19. Dibuje el esquema de entradas y salidas del PLC que tiene asignado
20. Nombres las entradas y salidas del PLC asignado a su equipo
21. Apoyándose del software LOGIX-PRO realice las siguientes programas:
a) Usando su conocimiento de los temporizadores en cascada, desarrolle un
programa de lógica de escalera que secuenciará un conjunto de luces verdes,
amarilla y rojas de la siguiente manera:
Secuencia de operación:
 Luz verde = 25 segundos encendida
 Luz verde intermitente 4 segundos
 Luz amarilla 3 segundos encendida
 Luz roja 15 segundos encendida
Realizar la secuencia para:
1. Para el 2do semáforo
2. Realice la secuencia para el paso peatonal para ambos semáforos, cuando el
semáforo se encuentre en rojo el paso peatonal estará en verde 10 segundos y 5
segundos intermitente.
3. Colocar un botón de paso de emergencia peatonal, el cual activara la luz intermitente
verde en cualquier momento para ceder el paso.

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EXAMEN UNIDAD I y II