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Table of Contents

Social Roles in The Industrial Revolution--------------------------------------------1-4 AP World History

Companies for a Better Tomorrow------------------------------------------------------------------5-7 English

Solitude in Sound------------------------------------------------------------------------------8-10 Self-Directed

Death to the Death Penalty---------------------------------------------------------------11-13 Global Prompt

Carpooling is the New Thing------------------------------------------------------------------14-17 Chemistry



AP World History


Develop an argument that evaluates how social roles changed in response to

industrialization in Europe during the period 1750-1900.

Social Roles in The Industrial Revolution

Industrialization caused increased population and urbanization as more people

moved to urban areas in search of work. Ship owners and merchants profited and

became very wealthy; however, the poor working class was exploited. Children and

women were sent to work in factories and mines while many male workers became

unemployed. The social roles that were once a standard of life were reversed causing

social disruption.

Child labor became common during the Industrial Revolution in Europe. Children

were thought of as little adults and often became employed in the factories and mines

from as young as the age of four. The workers during the revolution earned very little

and usually needed their children to help make extra income to support the family. One

reason children were desired for work was that they could be paid much less than an

adult. By hiring low-cost child labor, the factory owners were able to spend less money

and make a more significant profit. Children were also much more obedient. They

completed their work and accepted punishment when an adult might have resisted and

fought back. The children were also smaller. Their thin bodies were able to get into

small crevices that adults could not. The machines used in the factories often became

jammed and needed to become unclogged. The children's nimble fingers were able to

do the task making them a crucial part in the production of goods.

Before factories appeared many women worked as textile manufacturers. They

would get materials from merchants, spin or weave them at home, then return the

finished product for a set wage. However that all changed during the industrial

revolution. Due to technological advancements that allowed for the more efficient

production of textiles, wages for handspun items fell. While some women served as

domestic workers in homes, many were employed in factories and mines. They were

often paid much less than males, even though they did much of the same grueling

labor, such as carrying large carts of coal up mine shafts. The early feminist movements

began to emerge as women protested for workplace equality.

Men's wages were generally so low that they were insufficient to meet their

families needs. Because of the high demand for jobs, there was little to no bargaining

power with their employers. Inexpensive labor by women and children caused many

men not to be able to find work. National labor unions began to form protesting the

working conditions in factories, mills, and mines. Workers joined together to fight for

safer conditions, better working hours, increased wages and restrictions on child labor,

gradually improving the workplace.


The industrial revolution transformed social roles disrupting the lives of men,

women, and children. Families no longer worked together at home and men were often

no longer the sole breadwinners outside of the home.



“Industrial Revolution Working Conditions.” History, 13 Apr. 2018,





Write an essay explaining whether or not companies should tackle modern-day issues

to promote their brands.

Companies For a Better Tomorrow

When watching the super bowl, you may have noticed a common theme of

diversity in the commercials. In addition to funny, catchy ads, companies are promoting

social issues. Using their platform to spread awareness and information about current

problems is essential to inform the public. Companies that have the power to make a

change should address issues in society and work to make the world a better place.

Traditionally, companies tended to keep neutral on social issues. Of course, they

used their power to benefit their companies through taxes and trade. However, using

their reign to send a message about something as divisive as social issues seemed

crazy. A company couldn't take a stance without insult to the “other side.” Moreover, this

could lead to a loss of money. When Democrat Harvey Gantt was running for Senator,

he asked basketball pro and Nike spokesman, Michael Jordan, for an endorsement.

Jordan replied with a simple, “Republicans buy sneakers too.”

However, that was in the 90s. Things have changed in the 30 years since those

words were spoken. Companies being able to sit and watch from the sidelines are no

more. With social media, companies either speak up or have others speak for them

controlling the brand for personal motives. Yet speaking out may be the best thing

companies can do for business. In a new study, Sprout Social, social media

management and optimization platform, surveyed US consumers about brands stepping

into big issues. Two-thirds of the people wanted to see brands engage in social and

political issues. Percentages increased even more among millennials who called for

brands to take a stand.

The Coca-Cola commercial featuring the song “America the Beautiful” sung in a

variety of languages captured the beauty of America and its diversity. At a time when

the Muslim travel ban was on the front of every paper a feeling of belonging was

important to keep America strong. Using companies influence to address important

issues in society, not only helps display support for consumers, but it can help create a

better world. In the commercial “Gillette, The Best Men Can Be” Gillette addressed the

issues of bullying, sexism, and #MeToo that have recently been in the spotlight. The

short film actively points out toxic behavior and intervening when men catcall, sexually

harass, or bully. The advertisement was broadcasted for millions of people globally and

now has nearly 30 million views on YouTube.

Company promotions shouldn't only be about selling a product. Companies have

great power and with that comes the responsibility to help teach the world about issues

in social justice. Using their unique position to set an example for people all over the

world is the ideal way for companies to advertise their products and take a stance on

issues of today.


“Should a Brand Take a Stand On Social Issues?” Business 2 Community, Business 2




“Why More Corporate Agendas Are Reflecting Social Issues.” ​Insurance Journal,​ 2 Mar.

2018, ​www.insurancejournal.com/news/national/2018/03/02/482235.htm​.


Self Directed


Write a poem about the power of music.

Solitude in Sound

Solitude beckons when the saxophone

brushes my ear and the trumpet

celebrates the night, I am an epoch

of mellifluous moments, turned years,

blue moon nights scratched

across a record. The hiraeth

consumes sweet and sorrowful,

my soulful dessert, devoured

yet savored. I am entranced with fingers

whose rough calluses drip honey,

but buried pain seeps free, and

the recklessness of love.

I seek the answer, so I

listen, watch, and sometimes


I dance in oblivion

and allow myself to be swallowed in great euphoria.

For I uncovered it takes time

and one day, someday,

I will understand.

The poem “Solitude in Sound” is about music allowing you to reflect upon

yourself and others bringing people together through shared emotions. I wrote this to

explore the deep connection between music and emotion. The speaker in the poem is

deeply moved by sound. Her feelings are strongly affected by what she's listening too,

but that also means that she can feel the emotions of those playing the music. After

hearing an older person play, she realizes you have to go through the experience to

create music that tells your story. The narrator knows it will take time, but one day she

will understand how to make music that will tell her story.

The theme of the poem is the power of music. Not only does the poem talk about

music and sound but the words used in it are beautifully unique and almost song like.

While writing this, I felt as if I were writing jazz music instead of a poem. The smooth

flow of the words on the page left me relaxed yet elated, much like jazz.

“Solitude in Sound” to me means a time of self-reflection while listening to music. During

this time you can relax and unwind while sorting through your emotions as the music

dredges them up. Usually, I consider music a very public thing, going to concerts,

singing in the choir, jamming out in the car. But after consideration, I realized that that is

only what's on the surface. I have a playlist that I only listen to when I'm alone. I'm not

embarrassed or trying to hide my music, but I also want to keep it to myself because I

feel like I'm giving up a little piece of me when I share it. This is because the songs I

have in that playlist represent how I'm feeling even when I don't have the words to

describe it. It is me in a playlist.



Global Prompt


Should the death penalty be abolished?

Death to the Death Penalty

Life is seen as a gift and held in the highest regard. This is why taking the life of

another is seen as one of the most heinous crimes, deserving of the harshest

punishment. However, should someone taking the life of another give society the right

to take theirs? The death penalty is morally wrong, irreversible, biased, and should be


The death penalty is meant to punish those who commit crimes, yet it mirrors the

actions it is trying to prevent. By killing people who do bad things we are sending mixed

messages. It teaches people that matching violence with violence is okay. However,

giving someone the death penalty in the name of “justice” is not the right way to make

peace. As Martin Luther King Jr. said, “Returning violence for violence multiplies

violence adding deeper darkness to a night already devoid of stars... Hate cannot drive

out hate: only love can do that.”

The death penalty is irreversible. Once the act is carried out, there is no going

back. This can lead to problems if new evidence comes to light — for instance, the

Michael Morton case in Williamson County Texas. Morton spent 25 years on death row

after the prosecutor withheld evidence that eventually led to his exoneration. As of

2019, America has executed 1,493 people. One hundred sixty-four have been

exonerated from death row after being found innocent. That means that 164 people

would have died for a crime they did not commit. The risk of killing an innocent person is

too significant to take.

The death penalty is not a deterrent. Most people who commit murder do not

premeditate their crimes. They act in the heat of the moment without thinking about the

consequences of their actions. Capital punishment does not address the motivation

behind the murder, such as being under extreme emotional stress, under the influence

of drugs and alcohol, or mental illness. According to the FBI Unified Crime reports,

states with the death penalty have homicide rates 48-101% higher than states without

the death penalty.

The death penalty is racially biased. The government applies the death penalty

disproportionately to African Americans. While the population of the United States is

around 13% African American, more than half the people executed were black. Not only

are African Americans more likely to be executed than whites, if their victim is white

their likelihood of execution goes even higher. A study done by the Governor of

Maryland informs that black on white crime results in a higher death penalty rate. “Black

offenders who kill white victims are at greater risk of a death sentence than others,

primarily because they are substantially more likely to be charged by the state’s

attorney with a capital offense.” This unequal application of the death penalty leads to

unequal protection under the law.


When someone does something wrong, it does not give society the right to send

them to death row. The death penalty is biased, irreversible, and does not deter crime.

Instead, it promotes it by using violence to combat violence.



“Innocence: List of Those Freed From Death Row.” Millions Misspent: What

Politicians Don't Say About the High Costs of the Death Penalty | Death Penalty

Information Center,


“It's Time to Kill the Death Penalty.” ​Psychology Today,​ Sussex Publishers,





Why people should carpool?

Carpooling is the New Thing

The Earth is growing warmer, and the climate is changing. Scientists predict that

in 12 years global temperatures could reach an irreversible tipping point. With only a

two-degree rise in global temperatures by 2100 sea levels could rise by a meter,

displacing 10% of the world's population. This is due to the excess greenhouse gasses

in our atmosphere, primarily carbon dioxide. Carpooling allows people to cut down on

the amount of carbon as well as other pollution getting into the air and save money

while doing so.

Vehicles are a significant contributor to global warming. Burning one gallon of

gas creates 20 pounds of carbon dioxide, the average car admitting 6 tons of carbon

every year. Carpooling cuts down on the number of cars on the road. Fewer cars mean

less carbon and other pollution is being released into the air. Also, fewer vehicles on the

road mean less traffic and congestion. People would be able to get places faster without

idling on the roads releasing pollution. According to Transport Canada sharing a ride

with one other person to work and back will reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 8

pounds. Sharing a ride all year long would reduce greenhouse gas emissions by

approximately 2000 pounds.

Carpooling is not only good for the environment but good for your wallet too.

Wear and tear damage that naturally occurs to cars as a result of everyday use is

significantly less. Additionally, you will not have to fill up the gas tank as much, saving

money on gas. This also allows fewer miles on your car. By riding with multiple people,

you can divide the cost of gas amongst yourselves instead of having to pay for all the

gas alone. The more people who carpool with you, the less you have to pay for gas.

Carpooling helps the environment by reducing your carbon footprint. With only 12

years until the climate change on Earth becomes irrevocable, people must do all they

can to help. Carpooling also helps your budget by saving money on gas and wear and

tear on your vehicle.



“Top 5 Benefits Of Carpooling.” ​Promoting Ride Sharing Options for Commuters in

South Florida,​


“Carpooling Has a Big Impact!” ​Carpooling Has a Big Impact! | BC Greencare,​