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TYPICAL

OVERALL
HEAT
TRANSFE
R
COEFFICI
ENTS (U -
VALUES)

Shell and
U
Tube Heat Hot Fluid Cold Fluid
[W/m2C]
Exchangers

Heat
Water Water 800 - 1500
Exchangers
Organic Organic
100 - 300
solvents Solvents
Light oils Light oils 100 - 400
Heavy oils Heavy oils 50 - 300
Reduced Flashed
35 - 150
crude crude
Regenerated
Foul DEA 450 - 650
DEA
Gases (p = Gases (p =
5 - 35
atm) atm)
Gases (p = Gases (p =
100 - 300
200 bar) 200 bar)

Organic
Coolers Water 250 - 750
solvents
Light oils Water 350 - 700
Heavy oils Water 60 - 300
Reduced
Water 75 - 200
crude
Gases (p =
Water 5 - 35
atm)
Gases (p =
Water 150 - 400
200 bar)
Gases Water 20 - 300
Organic
Brine 150 - 500
solvents
Water Brine 600 - 1200
Gases Brine 15 - 250

1500 -
Heaters Steam Water
4000
Organic
Steam 500 - 1000
solvents
Steam Light oils 300 - 900
Steam Heavy oils 60 - 450
Steam Gases 30 - 300
Heat Transfer
Heavy oils 50 - 300
(hot) Oil
Heat Transfer
Gases 20 - 200
(hot) Oil
Flue gases Steam 30 - 100
Hydrocarbon
Flue gases 30 -100
vapours

Aqueouos 1000 -
Condensers Water
vapours 1500
Organic
Water 700 - 1000
vapours
Refinery
Water 400 - 550
hydrocarbons
Vapours with
some non Water 500 - 700
condensibles
Vacuum
Water 200 - 500
condensers

Vaporisers
Aqueouos 1000 -
Steam
solutions 1500
Light
Steam 900 - 1200
organics
Heavy
Steam 600 - 900
organics
Heat Transfer Refinery
250 - 550
(hot) oil hydrocarbons

Air Cooled Process U


Exchangers Fluid [W/m2C]

Water 300 - 450


Light organics 300 - 700
Heavy
50 - 150
organics
Gases 50 - 300
Condensing
300 - 600
hydrocarbons

Immersed U
Coil Pool
coils [W/m2C]

Dilute
Natural
Steam aqueouos 500 - 1000
circulation solutions
Steam Light oils 200 - 300
Steam Heavy oils 70 - 150
Aqueouos
Water 200 - 500
solutions
Light oils Water 100 - 150

Dilute
Agitated Steam aqueouos 800 - 1500
solutions
Steam Light oils 300 - 500
Steam Heavy oils 200 - 400
Aqueouos
Water 400 - 700
solutions
Light oils Water 200 - 300

Jacketed U
Jacket Vessel
vessels [W/m2C]

Dilute
Steam aqueouos 500 - 700
solutions
Light
Steam 250 - 500
organics
Dilute
Water aqueouos 200 - 500
solutions
Light
Water 200 - 300
organics