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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Subsystem

BSS Feature Description 10 EFR

10 EFR

About This Chapter

Availability
In BSS8.0 version, the system will not use full rate version 2 (EFR) except in the following
situations:

l The MSC, MS, and BSC support full rate version 2 (EFR) simultaneously.
l A higher speech version is not available.

Impact
Enhanced Full Rate (EFR) enables the network to provide better voice quality, and thus improve
network competitiveness.

Technical Description
The Algebraic Code Excitation Linear Prediction (ACELP) algorithm is used in EFR. The coding
and decoding schemes are as follows:

l Coding Scheme
The voice signals received from the MSC are framed every 20 ms. One frame of voice data
contains 160 PCM samples with 128 bits in length. The parameter produced after coding
is 244 bits in length. With the synchronization header and control parameter, the 320-bit
TRAU is produced and then sent to the MS.
l Decoding Scheme
The TRAU receives the TRAU frames from the BSC, restores the voice data, and then
sends the data to the MSC.

Implementation
No update.

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10 EFR BSS Feature Description

Maintenance Information
The following counters are added:
l Number of Uplink Frames Among the EFR Frames in the Customized MR of Cell
l Number of Uplink Frames Among the EFR Frames in the Customized MR
l Number of Downlink Frames Among the EFR Frames in the Customized MR

No update for alarms.


10.1 Overview
This describes the definition and purposes of EFR.
10.2 Availability
This lists the NEs and software required for the implementation of EFR.
10.3 Technical Description
This describes the technical aspects of EFR, which are the EFR call establishment procedure
and the EFR call signaling processing procedure.
10.4 Implementation
This describes how to configure EFR.
10.5 Maintenance Information
This lists the performance counters related to EFR.
10.6 References

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BSS Feature Description 10 EFR

10.1 Overview
This describes the definition and purposes of EFR.

Definition
Enhanced Full Rate (EFR) is a type of speech coding scheme.

Purposes
EFR optimizes the speech quality for the subscribers.

Terms
None.

Acronyms and Abbreviations


Acronyms and Abbreviations Full Spelling

EFR Enhanced Full Rate

TDMA Time Division Multiple Access

10.2 Availability
This lists the NEs and software required for the implementation of EFR.

Network Elements Involved


Table 10-1 lists the network elements involved in EFR.

Table 10-1 Network elements involved in EFR

MS BTS BSC MSC MGW SGSN GGSN HLR

√ √ √ √ – – – –
NOTE
l -: not involved

l √: involved

Software Releases
Table 10-2 lists the software versions of GBSS products that support EFR.

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10 EFR BSS Feature Description

Table 10-2 GBSS products and software versions


Product Version

BSC BSC6000 V900R003C01 and later releases

BTS BTS3X All releases

BTS3002C All releases

BTS3001C Not supported

BTS3012 All releases

BTS3012AE All releases

BTS3006C All releases

Miscellaneous
None.

10.3 Technical Description


This describes the technical aspects of EFR, which are the EFR call establishment procedure
and the EFR call signaling processing procedure.

10.3.1 EFR Call Establishment Procedure


This describes the EFR call establishment procedure.
10.3.2 EFR Call Signaling Processing Procedure
This describes the EFR call signaling processing procedure.

10.3.1 EFR Call Establishment Procedure


This describes the EFR call establishment procedure.
During the call establishment procedure, the BSC receives the assignment request from the MSC,
and decides whether the call supports EFR based on the speech version that the MSC allows and
the circuit pool number of the circuit. When the speech version carried in the Assignment Request
message is full-rate speech version 2 (EFR), and when the circuit pool implied by the CIC
information element supports EFR, the call is an EFR call. In other cases, a common call is
established.
Figure 10-1 shows the EFR call establishment procedure.

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BSS Feature Description 10 EFR

Figure 10-1 EFR call establishment procedure

Start

Speech version
carried in the assignment
request is EFR

Circuit pool
implied by
No
the CIC information A common call (FR)
element supports
EFR?

Yes

EFR call

End

EFR uses the CELP linear coding scheme to optimize the speech quality. EFR is implemented
through the GDPUC software of the BSC and the DSP software of the BTS. The BSC host
software and OMC software provide some auxiliary functions.
When the EFR is applied in the GSM network, the transmission rate of speech signals transmitted
by an MS is 12.2 kbit/s.

10.3.2 EFR Call Signaling Processing Procedure


This describes the EFR call signaling processing procedure.
Figure 10-2 shows the EFR call signaling processing procedure.

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10 EFR BSS Feature Description

Figure 10-2 EFR call signaling procedure

MS BTS BSC MSC

Assignment
Request (1)

Channel Activation (2) Start T10

Channel Activation
Acknowledge

Assignment Command
Main DCCH
Start T3107
SABM
FACCH
Establishment Indication

UA
FACCH
Assignment Complete (3)
FACCH
Stop T3107
Assignment
Complete

Stop T10

1. The MS sends the MSC a Setup message to indicate whether the MS supports EFR. Based
on the service type of the call, the MSC sends an Assignment Request message carrying
the speech version to the BSC.
2. The BSC decides whether the call supports EFR, based on the speech version allowed by
the MSC and the circuit pool to which the circuit belongs. If the call supports EFR, the
BSC sends a Channel Activation message to the BTS carrying the full-rate speech version
2 (EFR) in the channel mode. After the BTS responds with a Channel Activation
Acknowledge message, the BSC sends an Assignment Command message to the MS
carrying the full-rate speech version 2 (EFR) in the channel mode.
3. The MS reports an Assignment Complete message to the BSC, and the BSC sends the
Assignment Complete message to the MSC. The EFR call establishment procedure is
complete.

10.4 Implementation
This describes how to configure EFR.

10.4.1 Configuring EFR


This describes how to configure EFR on the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal.

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BSS Feature Description 10 EFR

10.4.1 Configuring EFR


This describes how to configure EFR on the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal.

Procedure
Step 1 On the Management Tree tab page of the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal, right-click
the target cell, and then choose Configure Cell Attributes on the shortcut menu. A dialog box
is displayed, as shown in Figure 10-3.

Figure 10-3 Configuring Cells Attributes dialog box (1)

Step 2 Double-click the target cell in the Cell view list box to add it to the Selected cells list box.
Step 3 Click Next. A dialog box is displayed, as shown in Figure 10-4.

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10 EFR BSS Feature Description

Figure 10-4 Configuring Cells Attributes dialog box (2)

Step 4 In the Cells to be set area, select the target cell, and then click Set Cell Properties. A dialog
box is displayed, as shown in Figure 10-5.

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BSS Feature Description 10 EFR

Figure 10-5 Set Cell Attributes dialog box

Step 5 Click Call Control. A dialog box is displayed, as shown in Figure 10-6.

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10 EFR BSS Feature Description

Figure 10-6 Set Call Control Parameter dialog box (1)

Step 6 Click Advanced. A dialog box is displayed, as shown in Figure 10-7.

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BSS Feature Description 10 EFR

Figure 10-7 Set Call Control Parameter dialog box (2)

Step 7 Select the Access Control tab and then set Speech Version to Support Full-rate Version 2, as
shown in Figure 10-8.

Figure 10-8 Set Call Control Parameter dialog box (3)

Step 8 Click OK to return to the dialog box shown in Figure 10-5.

Step 9 Click OK to save the setting of cell parameters. A previous dialog box is displayed, as shown
in Figure 10-4.

Step 10 Click Finish. The configuration is complete.

----End

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10 EFR BSS Feature Description

10.5 Maintenance Information


This lists the performance counters related to EFR.

Alarms
None.

Counters
Table 10-3 lists the performance counters involved in EFR.

Table 10-3 Counters involved in EFR


Counter Meaning

A3167B Speech Version 2 Completed Assignments


(Excluding Directed Retry) (TCHF)

10.6 References

l GSM 08.08 version 7.6.1: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+)"
l GSM 08.58 version 7.4.1: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+)"
l GSM 04.08 version 7.8.0: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+)"

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