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Operator’s Manual

Ingersoll Rand’s Climate Solutions sector delivers energy-efficient HVACR solutions


Cold Cube
for customers globally. Its world class brands include Hussmann, a manufacturer of
refrigeration and food merchandising solutions, Thermo King, the leader in transport TK 55178-8-OP (Rev. 0, 08/2011)
temperature control and Trane, a provider of energy efficient heating, ventilating and
air conditioning systems, building and contracting services, parts support and advanced
controls for commercial buildings and homes.

©2011 Ingersoll-Rand Company


Printed in U.S.A.

Operator’s Manual

Ingersoll Rand’s Climate Solutions sector delivers energy-efficient HVACR solutions


Cold Cube
for customers globally. Its world class brands include Hussmann, a manufacturer of
refrigeration and food merchandising solutions, Thermo King, the leader in transport TK 55178-8-OP (Rev. 0, 08/2011)
temperature control and Trane, a provider of energy efficient heating, ventilating and
air conditioning systems, building and contracting services, parts support and advanced
controls for commercial buildings and homes.

©2011 Ingersoll-Rand Company


Printed in U.S.A.
Cold Cube
TK 55178-8-OP (Rev. 0, 08/2011)

Copyright© 2011 Thermo King Corp., Minneapolis, MN, USA


Printed in USA
yy

Disclaimer
This manual is published for informational purposes only. Thermo King Corporation makes no
representations or warranties, express or implied, with respect to the information, recommendations
and descriptions contained in this manual and such information, recommendations and descriptions
should not be regarded as all-inclusive or covering all contingencies. In the event you have any
questions or require further information, please contact your local Thermo King dealer.

The procedures described herein should only be undertaken by suitably qualified personnel. Failure to
implement these procedures correctly may cause damage to the Thermo King unit or other property or
personal injury.

Thermo King Corporation and its affiliates shall have no liability in contract or tort (including negligence
and/or strict liability) or otherwise, to any person or entity for any personal injury, property damage or
any other direct, indirect, special or consequential damage or liability whatsoever, arising out of or
resulting from any actions by any person that are contrary to this manual or any of the information,
recommendations or descriptions contained herein or the failure of any person to implement the
procedures described herein correctly or to follow caution and safety decals located on the Thermo
King unit.

2
Introduction

Introduction
There is nothing complicated about operating and maintaining IMPORTANT: This manual is published for informational
your Thermo King unit, but a few minutes studying this purposes only and the information furnished herein should
manual will be time well spent. not be considered as all-inclusive or meant to cover all
contingencies. If more information is required, consult your
Performing pre-trip checks and enroute inspections on a
Thermo King Service Directory for the location and
regular basis will minimize on-the-road operating problems. A
telephone number of the local dealer.
regular maintenance program will also help to keep your unit
in top operating condition. If factory recommended procedures
are followed, you will find that you have purchased the most Notes on using this manual
efficient and dependable temperature control system available. The following symbols are used in this manual
All service requirements, major and minor, should be handled CAUTION: Safety instruction: Failure to
by a Thermo King dealer for four very important reasons: observe this instruction can cause personal
injury or damage the Cold Cube.
• They are equipped with the factory recommended tools to
perform all service functions
• They have factory trained and certified technicians CAUTION: Safety instruction relating to
• They have genuine Thermo King replacement parts danger from electrical currents or voltage:
Failure to observe this Caution can cause
• The warranty on your new unit is valid only when the personal injury or damage to the Cold Cube.
repair and replacement of component parts is performed
by an authorized Thermo King dealer.

3
Introduction

NOTE: Supplementary information on


operating the Cold Cube.

This symbol indicates that action is required


by the operator. The required action is
described step-by-step.

This symbol describes the result of an


action.

4
Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Cold Cube Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Before first use of Cold Cube . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Safety Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 To Begin Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
First Aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Setting the temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
First Aid–Refrigerant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Changing temperature units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
First Aid–Refrigerant Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Setting temperature alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
Replacement of the Cold Cube fuse . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Unit Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Pre-Cooling Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Pre-Cooling Cold Cube . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Cold Cube Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Cleaning and maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Electrical Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Defrost . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Connecting to a DC battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
Cable Length, 12 V DC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Fuse Sizes: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Unit Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Low Voltage DC Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Connecting to a 110-240 VAC Power Source . . . 17 Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35

Cold Cube Remote Display Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Emergency Cold Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37

Recover Refrigerant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38

5
Table of Contents

6
Safety Precautions

Safety Precautions
Thermo King recommends that all services be performed by a
Thermo King dealer. However, there are several general safety CAUTION: Danger of fatal injury from electric
practices which you should be aware of: shocks! When using the Cold Cube on boats, if the
Cold Cube is powered by 110-240 V AC, ensure that
WARNING: Always wear goggles or safety glasses the power supply has a residual current circuit
when working with or around the refrigeration breaker! Check that the voltage specification on the
system or battery. Refrigerant or battery acid can type plate is the same as that of the power supply.
cause permanent damage if it comes in contact with Only connect the Cold Cube as follows:
your eyes. • with the 12/24 V connection cable included with the
IMPORTANT: Thermo King will not be held liable Cold Cube to a 12/24 V battery.
for claims for damage resulting from the following: • or, with the 110-240 V connection cable included with
• Misuse, improper installation, abnormal service, the Cold Cube to the 110-240 V AC supplys.
storage of hazardous chemicals, use of corrosive
If the cable is damaged, it must be replaced to
substances, transit damage, recharging of
prevent possible electrical hazards.
cooling system, accident, fire, improper repair,
tampering or abuse. Disconnect the connection cable before cleaning
and maintenance, after use and before changing a
• Incorrect voltages or faults with regard to power fuse.
supply which falls outside of the Cold Cube
operating parameters.

7
Safety Precautions

CAUTION: Danger of injuries! Batteries contain CAUTION: Electronic devices are not toys! The
aggressive and caustic acids. Avoid battery fluid Cold Cube is not intended for use by young children
coming into contact with your body. If your skin or infirm persons unless they have been adequately
does come into contact with battery fluid, wash the supervised by a responsible person to ensure that
part of your body in question thoroughly with water. they can use the appliance safely. Young children
Disconnect the Cold Cube and other electric devices should be supervised to ensure that they do not play
from the battery before you connect the battery to a with the appliance.
quick charging device. Over-voltage can damage Do not operate the Cold Cube if it is visibly
the electronics of the Cold Cube. damaged.
The Cold Cube may only be repaired by qualified
personnel. Inadequate repairs can cause
considerable hazards. If your Cold Cube should
need repairing, please contact Euroengel customer
service.
Do not open the refrigerant circuit under any
circumstances!
The Cold Cube is not suitable for transporting
caustic materials or materials containing solvents.
Food may be stored in its original packaging or in
suitable containers.

8
Safety Precautions

WARNING: Control circuits used in the Cold Cube CAUTION: Danger of fatal injury from electric
are low voltage. This voltage potential is not shocks!
considered dangeous, but the large amount of Do not touch exposed cables with your bare hands.
current available can cause severe burns if shorted This especially applies when operating the Cold
to ground. Cube from an AC power supply.
WARNING: Do not wear jewelry, watches, or rings. Before starting the Cold Cube, ensure that the
These items can short out electrical circuits and power supply line and the plug are dry. Do not place
cause severe burns to the wearer. any electrical devices inside the cooling container.
Set up the Cold Cube in a dry location where it is
protected against splashing water. Protect the Cold
CAUTION: Use tools with insulated handles that Cube and the cable against rain and moisture. Do
are in good condition. not place it near open flames or other heat sources
(heaters, direct sunlight, gas ovens etc.).
CAUTION: Danger of overheating! Always make
sure there is sufficient ventilation so that heat
generated during normal operation can dissipate.
Ensure that the ventilation slots are not covered.
Leave at least 2 inches (50 mm) from top and
around the Cold Cube to ensure adequate
ventilation.
Never immerse the Cold Cube in water. Do not fill
the inner container with ice or fluid.

9
Safety Precautions

First Aid Inhalation: Move victim to fresh air and restore breathing if
necessary. Stay with victim until arrival of emergency
personnel.
First Aid–Refrigerant
Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting. Immediately contact
Eyes: For contact with liquid, immediately flush eyes with local poison control center or physician.
large amounts of water. Get prompt medical attention.
Skin: Flush areas with large amounts of warm water. Do not
apply heat. Wrap burns with dry, sterile, bulky dressing to
protect from infection or injury. Get prompt medical attention.
Inhalation: Move victim to fresh air and restore breathing if
necessary. Stay with victim until arrival of emergency medical
personnel.

First Aid–Refrigerant Oil


Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with large amounts of water for
at least 15 minutes while holding the eyelids open. Get prompt
medical attention.
Skin: Remove contaminated clothing. Wash thoroughly with
soap and water. Get medical attention if irritation persists.

10
Unit Description
Thermo King Cold Cube cooling containers are the flexible
and convenient solution for transportation of perishable goods 3
in cars, trucks or vans. The heavy duty Cold Cube is made of
rotationally moulded polyethylene and can be cleaned easily
according to 93/43/EEC (HACCP).
• Operating voltage is 12/24 V DC and 110-240 V AC,
50-60 Hz (except 242 gallon unit which is 12 V DC only).
• The refrigerant gas is CFC free R134a (or 404a on 242G
Freezing only).
• The digital temperature controller allows easy setting of
the internal temperature. 1 2
Figure 1: Cold Cube

There are six Cold Cube models:


• 37 gallon cooling (1) • 37 gallon freezing (1)
• 87 gallon cooling (2) • 87 gallon freezing (2)
• 242 gallon cooling (3) • 242 gallon freezing (3

11
Unit Description

12
Cold Cube Installation
NOTE: Refer to Cold Cube specifications page in Electrical Connections
the rear of this manual for unit max and average
current requirements. Please ensure this has been
taken into account for alternator and battery sizing. 3
1

CAUTION: Anchor the Cold Cube to prevent it from


shifting and causing harm to people or cargo.
2

Choose a well-ventilated installation location that is protected


from direct sunlight.
1. Fuse holder
CAUTION: The Cold Cube unit and electrical
2. Connection socket 12/24 V DC
connections are not water resistant or water proof.
The Cold Cube may not be used outside without 3. Connection socket 110-240 V AC
proper protection from the weather.
Figure 2: Electrical Connections

13
Cold Cube Installation

Connecting to a DC battery The Cold Cube is supplied with a standard length DC battery
cable with a fuse on the positive side. If this cable cannot be
NOTE: If the vehicle is equipped with a battery
used, the fuse must be transferred to the cable installed.
disconnect switch, always wire the Cold Cube after
the switch. This allows power to the Cold Cube to be Determine the required cross section of the cable in relation to
turned off by the battery disconnect switch. the cable length according to the following table:

Cable Length, 12 V DC
CAUTION: Danger of damaging the Cold Cube!
Over-voltages can damage device electronics. 37 and 87 Gallon Cooling
Disconnect the cooling container and other
consumers from the battery before charging the Cross section Max Length, Ft.
battery with a quick charging device. 14 Gauge 8.2
For safety reasons, the cooling container is equipped with an 12 Gauge 13
electronic system to protect it against reversed polarity when
connecting to a battery. 10 Gauge 20
6 Gauge 33
CAUTION: Danger of damaging the Cold Cube! To
prevent voltage and power losses, the cable should be
as short as possible and not be interrupted. For this
reason avoid additional switches, plugs or socket
strips

14
Cold Cube Installation

37 and 87 Gallon Freezing, and 242 Gallon


Cross section Max Length, Ft. 1

10 Gauge 8.2
13 5
8 Gauge
4 3
6 Gauge 20
4 Gauge 33

2
CAUTION: Danger of damaging the Cold Cube!
Make sure that the polarity is correct.

1. Cold Cube 4. Negative


2. Battery 5. Positive
3. Fuse

Figure 3: Battery Connections

15
Cold Cube Installation

Low Voltage DC Protection


Before starting up the Cold Cube for the first
time, check whether the operating voltage The Cold Cube is equipped with a battery monitor that protects
and the battery voltage match (see type the compressor from low voltage when connected to DC
plate). power. Thermo King has set the compressor low voltage
disconnect higher than required to provide partial battery
Make sure that the cable at the positive protection. If the Cold Cube is operated when the vehicle
battery terminal is protected with a fuse. ignition is switched off, the compressor switches off
See Figure 3. automatically as soon as the supply voltage falls below a set
level. The compressor will switch back on once the battery has
Fuse Sizes: been recharged to the restart voltage level (normally 1.3V
• 37 gallon cooling: 15A higher than the cut-out value).

• 37 gallon freezing: 25A NOTE: The battery monitor only switches


• 87 gallon cooling: 15A the compressor off and not the fans or
controller, therefore a residual draw of
• 87 gallon freezing: 25A 1 to 1.5 amps on the battery will remain
• 242 gallon cooling: 25A unless the Cold Cube power switch is turned
off.
• 242 gallon freezing: 25A
We highly recommend installing an ignition
switch relay to turn off the Cold Cube when
the vehicle is not running.

16
Cold Cube Installation

Connecting to a 110-240 VAC Power


Source
CAUTION: Danger of electrocution! Never handle
plugs and switches with wet hands or if you are
standing on a wet surface.

The Cold Cube has a built-in multi-voltage electrical


connection adapter with a priority circuit for connecting to a
110-240 VAC supply. The priority circuit automatically
switches to VAC operation if the Cold Cube is connected to a
110-240 VAC supply, even if the 12/24 V cable is still
connected.
If both power sources are connected, AC power is selected. If
the AC power supply is disconnected or drops below 85 V AC
there will be a one minute time delay before the compressor
switches to operate on DC power. If AC power is established at
any time, there will be no delay to compressor operation.

Plug the AC connection cable into the


AC voltage.

17
Cold Cube Installation

18
Cold Cube Remote Display Option
The optional Cold Cube Remote Display kit includes a repeater 2. Gain access to unit display/controller top rear to find one
display and display interface. or two connection ports. See Figure 5. Connect the
provided dongle to the rear most port.
To install the Remote Display:
1. Figure 4 shows kit contents.

Figure 5: Controller Connection Parts

3. If your unit does not have round access hole, drill a hole
large enough accept the bulkhead connector. Tighten the
bulkhead. See Figure 6.
Figure 4: Remote Display Kit Contents

19
Cold Cube Remote Display Option

b. Press " " or " " until the number “22” (the
code of the password that allows access to the
parameters) is displayed.
c. Confirm by pressing SET. The display will show the
code of the first modifiable type “C” parameter (“/2”)
d. Press " " or " " until reaching the parameter
“/te”.
e. Press SET to display the value associated with the
parameter: should be “0”. Change to “1” using the
" " or " "buttons.
Figure 6: Tighten Bulkhead
f. Press SET to temporarily save the new value and
4. Connect wires together up to front of vehicle and to the return to the display of the parameter code.
Remote Display.
g. To store the new values of the modified parameters,
5. Use the following procedure to modify one parameter of press PRG for more than 5 seconds to exit the
the controller to allow transmission of data to the Remote parameter setting procedure.
Display:
a. With the Cold Cube ON, press PRG and SET buttons
together for more than 5 seconds. The display will
show the number “0”, representing the password
prompt.

20
Cold Cube Operation
Before first use of Cold Cube
Pos. Description Function
CAUTION: Danger of overheating! Ensure at all
times that there is sufficient ventilation so that the 1. Switch Switches the Cold Cube on/off
heat that generated during operation can dissipate. 2. Display Indicates the temperature
Ensure that the ventilation slots are not covered.
Make sure that the Cold Cube is sufficiently far away 3. PRG Accesses controller
from walls and other objects so that the air can programing
circulate. 4. Increases the desired cooling
temperature and scrolls
backwards in display
3 4 5. Reduces the desired cooling
2 temperature and scrolls
5
forwards in display lists
6
6. SET Sets Temperature
1
Figure 7: Display Elements

NOTE: Before starting your Cold Cube for the first time, you
should clean it inside and outside with a damp cloth.

21
Cold Cube Operation

To Begin Operation 4. The display shows the desired cooling temperature in F°.
5. Press the SET button to store the desired cooling
1. Press the "I/0" temperature.
button.
2
2. The display (Fig. Changing temperature units
1-2) shows the
1. Press the PRG/mute and SET buttons smultaneously for
current inside
five seconds. The display shows “00”. Set the password to
temperature in
1 “22” with the " " or " " buttons. Press the SET
degrees F.
button to confirm the password.
3. The cooling
2. Press " " or " " until reaching the parameter
container starts
working. “/5”.
3. Press SET to display the value associated with the
Figure 8: To Begin Operation parameter: “0” is for °C and “I” is for °F. Modify the value
sing the " " or " " buttons. Press SET to
Setting the temperature (Refer to Figure 7) temporarily save the value and return to the display of the
parameter code.
1. Press the SET button and hold it down for two seconds.
4. To definitively store the new values of the modified
2. The display shows the set cooling temperature in °F. parameters, press PRG for more than 5 seconds, thus
3. Use the buttons " " or " " to set the requested exiting the parameter setting procedure.
internal temperature.

22
Cold Cube Operation

Setting temperature alarms 2. Press " " or " " until the number “22” is
displayed (the code of the password that allows access to
In addition to setting the internal temperature of the Cold Cube
the parameters).
(above procedure), the keypad can be used to set a temperature
alarm. 3. Confirm by pressing SET. The display will show the code
of the first modifiable type “C” parameter (“/2”)
4. Press " " or " " until reaching parameter “st”
(temperature set point).
5. Press SET to display the value associated with the
parameter: set “41F” by using the " " or " "
buttons.
6. Press SET to temporarily save the new value and return to
the display of the parameter code
Figure 9: Cold Cube Display and Keypad 7. Press " " or " " until displaying the parameter
“A1” (Type of threshold “AL” and “AH”).
As an example, to set an alarm for 5°F over or under a 41°F
setpoint (+/- 3°C), follow this procedure: 8. Press SET to display the value associated with the
parameter. It should be already “0” (relative threshold:
1. Press PRG and " " or " " together for more than
with this selection the AL and AH values are not fixed but
5 seconds. The display will show the number “0”,
indicate the maximum permissible deviation from the set
representing the password prompt
point). If not increase or decrease it using the " " or
" " buttons respectively.

23
Cold Cube Operation

9. Press SET to temporarily save the new value and return to 16. Press " " or " " until displaying the parameter
the display of the parameter code. “Ad” (Temperature alarm delay). This indicates the
10. Press " " or " " until displaying the parameter number of minutes the temperature alarm is signalled after
“AL” (Minimum temperature alarm). the temperature threshold is exceeded. Setting a delay for
signalling the temperature alarm may help eliminate false
11. Press SET to display the value associated with the alarms due to interference on the probe signal or brief
parameter. It should be “0.0”. Modify the setting to “5” situations (for example, the lid opened for a short period).
using the " " or " " buttons respectively. It
17. Press SET to display the value associated with the
means that the minimum temperature alarm is set at
parameter. It should be “120” (default values in minutes).
“temperature set point 36F”.
Modify the setting (suggestion is not less than “15”) using
12. Press SET to temporarily save the new value and return to the " " or " " buttons respectively.
the display of the parameter code.
18. Press " " or " " until displaying the parameter
13. Press " " or " " until displaying the parameter “H2” (Disable keypad). Parameter “H2” can be used to
“AH” (High temperature alarm). inhibit some functions relating to the use of the keypad.
14. Press SET to display the value associated with the For example, to restrict modification of the parameters and
parameter. It should be “0.0”. Modify the setting to “5” the set point if the Cold Cube is accessible by the public.
using the " " or " " buttons respectively. It 19. Press SET to display the value associated with the
means that high temperature alarm is set at “temperature parameter. It should be “1” (all functions available by
set point 46F”. keypad). If you do not want to allow modification of the
15. Press SET to temporarily save the new value and return to preprogrammed set point 41°F (+5°C), change the setting
the display of the parameter code. to “2” using the " " or " " buttons.

24
Cold Cube Operation

20. Press SET to temporarily save the new value and return to Energy saving tips
the display of the parameter code.
• Allow hot perishable items to cool down first before you
21. To save the new parameters, press PRG for more than 5 place it into the Cold Cube.
seconds to exit the parameter setting procedure.
• Do not open the cooling container more often than
NOTE: The alarms, when enabled, activate the buzzer and necessary.
show a code on the display: “HI” for the high temperature
• Defrost the cooling container once a layer of ice forms.
and “LO” for the low temperature alarm. The following
conditions generate the temperature alarms: • Avoid unnecessarily low temperature settings.
High temperature alarm: the temperature measured by
the virtual control probe is above the threshold set for Replacement of the Cold Cube fuse
parameter “AH”
CAUTION: Danger of electrocution! Disconnect the
low temperature alarm: the temperature measured by the connection cable before you replace the Cold Cube
virtual control probe is below the threshold set for fuse. .
parameter “AL”.
Warnings for the relative thresholds: The temperature alarm 1. Switch off the Cold Cube.
has automatic reset. This means that if the temperature returns 2. Pull off the connection cable.
above/below the minimum value needed, the alarm signal is
3. Pry out the fuse (Figure 2 or Figure 3) with a screwdriver.
cancelled automatically. To reset all alarms press SET and
DEF for more than 5 seconds. Pressing PRG mutes only the 4. Replace the defective fuse with a new fuse that has the
buzzer. same rating as shown on page 16.
5. Press the fuse back into the housing.

25
Cold Cube Operation

Pre-Cooling Load CAUTION: Danger of damaging the Cold Cube! Do


Pre-cool or freeze goods before putting them in the Cold Cube. not wet the electronic components. They are not
The Cold Cube is designed to maintain product temperature, water proof!
not to pull down product temperature.

Pre-Cooling Cold Cube CAUTION: Danger of damaging the Cold Cube! Do


not use abrasive cleaning agents or hard objects
The Cold Cube is a highly insulated unit designed to maintain
during cleaning as these can damage the Cold Cube.
product temperature with minimal electrical consumption. The
Never use brushes, scouring pads or hard or pointed
Cold Cube is not designed for fast temperature pull down. You
tools to remove ice or to loosen objects which have
may need to pre-cool or pre-freeze an empty Cold Cube for
frozen in place.
several hours to reach the setpoint temperature before loading
product. Occasionally clean the inside of the Cold Cube with a damp
cloth. Dry the Cold Cube with a cloth after cleaning.
Cleaning and maintenance
Defrost
CAUTION: Danger of electrocution! Always
The Cold Cube is not designed for automatic defrosting. If
disconnect the mains plug before you clean and
excess frost builds up, clean out the frost.
service the Cold Cube.

26
Cold Cube Operation

Troubleshooting 2 Flashes An over- The fan loads the electronic unit


current with more than 0,5 A (avg) or
CAUTION: Before performing any service, cut/out 1,0 A (peak). Fan may be
disconnect the battery cables at the battery and also blocked, fan wires may be loose
disconnect the AC supply. or damaged or the fan motor
has failed and is drawing
The Cold Cube has a built-in self diagnostic program. If over/current to protect itself.
there is a detectable error, the red LED light positioned Visually inspect fan for
nearby the digital controller will flash 1 to 5 times and blockage, check wires for
repeat the pattern, showing the possible reason for the chafes or loose connections and
operation stopping. repair. Or if fan has failed then
replace it.
1 Flash Battery The battery voltage has fallen
protection below the cut/out setting. Check
cut/out the source battery for proper
operation and sufficient voltage
output. If power source is
adequate then check wire sizes
and conditions of the connectors
to avoid voltage drops. Charge
source battery.

27
Cold Cube Operation

3 Flashes Motor start The rotor is blocked or the


error differential pressure in the
refrigeration system is too high
(> 5 bar). Compressor may not
start because of high refrigerant
pressure due to a high heat
situation. High ambient
temperatures may cause
excessive heat, if so then the
area around the Cold Cube
must be cooled down before
trying to restart compressor. Or,
if compressor just cycled off,
wait a few minutes for pressure
to come down and try again.

28
Cold Cube Operation

4 Flashes Minimum If the refrigerant system is too 5 Flashes Thermal If the refrigeration system has
motor heavily loaded, the compressor cut/out of been too heavily loaded, and if
speed motor cannot maintain minimum electronic the ambient temperature is high,
error speed 1,900 rpm. As above this unit the electronic unit will run too
may happen when system hot. As with all electronics, the
and/or ambient area is very hot compressor module is sensitive
which increases refrigerant to heat, The module has a
pressure. Solution is as above, temperature sensor on the heat
let area cool dawn and wait sink and if it gets too hot, due to
awhile before starting Cold high amp draw or high ambient
Cube. temperatures, the Cold Cube
will shut down.

If the test light shows 3, 4 or 5 flashes then verify that there is


adequate ventilation around the refrigerator/freezer. Check that
vents are not blocked or dirty. Ensure that the Cold Cube is not
installed near a heat source.
In case Cold Cube does not function, with display off, check
the fuse and/or the proper connection to battery/AC
connection.

29
Cold Cube Operation

Apart from possible problems identified by the red LED light Problem Possible Reason Action
of the self diagnosis system, other possible problems are:
Cold Cube Error in controller Re-set on the
Problem Possible Reason Action switch on programming right
(controller programming
The Cold Cube DC fuse burn out Replace fuse glows) but parameters
works compressor
DC cord defective or Check and, in Controller defective Replace
connected to and fan don't
not properly case, replace DC (in case compressor controller
the AC but not run
connected on socket cord and fan icon on are
connected to
12/24 V dc Main switch Replace main lighted)
(everything off) defective switch Defective wire Check or replace
Electronic unit Replace connection wires
defective electronic Cold Cube is Defective wire Check
The Cold Cube Main switch Replace main working but fan connection
works defective switch is stopped (see
Fan defective Replace fan
connected to also self
Electronic unit Replace diagnosis) Electronic unit Replace
12/24 V dc but
defective electronic defective electronic
not connected
to the AC
(everything off)

30
Cold Cube Operation

Problem Possible Reason Action


Cold Cubeis Lack of refrigerant Check for
working but not gas refrigerant gas
cooling down leakage and
vacuum /
recharge the unit
gas quantity on
the serial
number label.
Oil in the circuit Repeat short
(probably the Cold operation cycles
Cube has operated (few minutes on
for some time with a and then 5
high angle) minutes off) to let
the oil turn back
to compressor. If
not solved then
vacuum and
recharge.
Compressor Replace
defective compressor

31
Cold Cube Operation

32
Unit Specifications
Cold Gross Minimu Max Amps Avg. Amps External Internal Weight (lbs)
Cube Capacity m Temp* @ 12 VDC @ 12 VDC Dimensions Dimensions
Style (Gal) L x W x H (inches) L x W x H (inches)
Cooling 37 14 F 9A 3A 39 x 24 x 28 24 x 16 x 20 88
Cooling 87 32 F 9A 3A 40 x 39 x 36 32 x 24 x 26 198
Cooling 242 32 F 18 A 4.5 A 59 x 47 x 46 47 x 37 x 33 352
Freezing 37 -6 F 18 A 5A 39 x 24 x 28 24 x 16 x 20 88
Freezing 87 -6 F 18 A 6.5 A 40 x 39 x 36 32 x 24 x 26 198
Freezing 242 -6 F 25 A 9.5 A 59 x 47 x 46 47 x 37 x 33 359
* At ambient temperature of 86 F

33
Unit Specifications

34
Warranty

Warranty
The Cold Cube Unit Warranty is two years parts and labor.
A full description of the warranty is available upon request.

35
Warranty

36
Emergency Cold Line
The answering service at the factory will assist you in reaching
a dealer to get the help you need. The Cold Line is answered 24
hours a day by personnel who will do their best to get you
quick service at an authorized Thermo King Dealer.

AKB12

If you can’t get your rig rolling, and you have tried the Thermo
King North American Service Directory (available from any
Thermo King dealer) to reach a dealer without success, then
call the Toll Free Emergency Cold Line Number
(888) 887-2202.

37
Recover Refrigerant

yy

Recover Refrigerant
At Thermo King, we recognize the need to preserve the environment
and limit the potential harm to the ozone layer that can result from
allowing refrigerant to escape into the atmosphere.

We strictly adhere to a policy that promotes the recovery and limits


the loss of refrigerant into the atmosphere.

In addition, service personnel must be aware of Federal regulations


concerning the use of refrigerants and the certification of technicians.
For additional information on regulations and technician certification
programs, contact your local THERMO KING dealer.

38
Operator’s Manual

Ingersoll Rand’s Climate Solutions sector delivers energy-efficient HVACR solutions


Cold Cube
for customers globally. Its world class brands include Hussmann, a manufacturer of
refrigeration and food merchandising solutions, Thermo King, the leader in transport TK 55178-8-OP (Rev. 0, 08/2011)
temperature control and Trane, a provider of energy efficient heating, ventilating and
air conditioning systems, building and contracting services, parts support and advanced
controls for commercial buildings and homes.

©2011 Ingersoll-Rand Company


Printed in U.S.A.

Operator’s Manual

Ingersoll Rand’s Climate Solutions sector delivers energy-efficient HVACR solutions


Cold Cube
for customers globally. Its world class brands include Hussmann, a manufacturer of
refrigeration and food merchandising solutions, Thermo King, the leader in transport TK 55178-8-OP (Rev. 0, 08/2011)
temperature control and Trane, a provider of energy efficient heating, ventilating and
air conditioning systems, building and contracting services, parts support and advanced
controls for commercial buildings and homes.

©2011 Ingersoll-Rand Company


Printed in U.S.A.