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TEST CODE
FORM TP 201605s MAY/JLINE 2016

CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL


CARIBBEAN SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE@
EXAMINATION

CHEMISTRY

Paper 02 - General Proflciency


2 hours 30 minutes

READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY.

1 This paper consists of SIX questions in TWO sections.

2 AnswerALL questions.

J Write your answers in the spaces provided in this booklet.

4 Do NOT write in the margins.

5 Where appropriate, ALL WORKING MUST BE SHOWN in this booklet.

6 You may use a silent, non-programmable calculator to answer questions.

7 If you need to rewrite


any answer and there is not enough space to do so on the
original page, you must use the extra lined page(s) provided at the back of this
booklet. Remember to draw a line through your original answer.

8 If you use the extrapage(s) you MUST write the question number clearly in
the box provided at the top of the extra page(s) and, where relevant, include
the question part beside the answer.'

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

Copyright @ 2014 Caribbean Examinations Council


All rights reserved.

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0121202003 I
r SECTION A
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AnswerALL questions.

Write your answers in the spaces provided in this booklet.

Do NOT spend more than 30 minutes on Question 1.

1. (a) A group of students was required to carry out an experiment in order to determine the
melting point of an unknown solid, A. The apparatus was set up as shown in Figure 1.

Thermometer
Boiling tube
with unknown
solid A
Beaker with water

Tripod

Bunsen burner
.r{
Figure 1. Diagram of apparatus set-up

Using the Bunsen burner, the water was heated to 80 "C. The Bunsen burner was turned
off and temperature readings were recorded EVERY minute for 10 minutes. =
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Figure 2 shows some of the thermometer readings recorded during the experiment.

80 70 70 60

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70 l= 60
l 60 t: 50

Time: l min 2 min 5 min 7 min

60 50

50 40

Time 8 min 9 min

Figure 2. Thermometer readings

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(D Complete Table I by inserting the thermometer readings from Figure 2 (page 5)
at the appropriate times.

TABLE 1: RESULTS OF EXPERIMENT

Time Temperature
(min) (,c)

0 80

,.4
:-\i
1
,.8

a
J 65

4 65

6 64

l0 48 ,h
(4 marks)

(iD Using the data from Table 1, plot the graph of temperature versus time on the grid
provided in Figure 3 on page 7. Five points have already been plotted for you.
Draw a smooth curve through the points to complete the cooling curve for A.
(5 marks)

ts
-\,

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Temperature ('C)
s
UT
(,r UI
(,r o\ O\{
UIO
{UI @

hJ

(,

.A

(D

UI

o\

--r

\o

Figure 3. Cooling curve of A

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0t212020/F 2016

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0121202007
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r (iiD List the THREE states of matter.
-8- -l

(l mark)

(iv) Deflne the term 'melting point'

,fo

-41
.a
(2 marks)

(v) Based on information from the graph plotted in (a) (ii), state the melting point of
A.

(1 mark)

(vi) From the graph plotted in (a) (ii), identifz the time range during which there should
be a mixture of liquid and solid in the boiling tube.

(1 mark)

(vii) State ONE precaution, other than wearing safety apparel, which should be taken
during this experiment to avoid injury to the face or hands.

(1 mark)

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0t212020tF 2016

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0121202008
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Complete Figure 4 by drawing the arrangement of the particles of A at 0 min and
10 min. gss o (one dot) to represent a particle. (2 marks)

Particles of A at 0 min Particles of A at 10 min

Figure 4. Particles of A

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0r2t20201F 2016

L 0121202009 I
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- 10-

In another experiment, the group of students was given another unknown solid, B, and
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asked to identifiz it. They performed a series of tests and made some observations which .{i
are recorded in Table 2. Complete Table 2 by inserting the appropriate inferences. t:\
(8 marks) :11
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TABLE 2: RESULTS OF.TESTS ON UNKNOWN SOLID, B ..r{
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Test Observation Inference
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(i) Place a small portion of A reddish brown gas ..€
solid, B in a test tube and evolved ..E
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heat strongly using a Bunsen _-_+\
r-r=a
flame. (1 mark)

(ii) Dissolve the remainder


of B in about 10 cm3 of
distilled water, stir, then
fllter. Collect the filtrate
and divide it into three
equal portions for use in the
following tests.

(r11 ) To the first portion of the . White precipitate formed


filtrate from (b) (ii), add
NaOH solution slowly until . Soluble in excess
in excess.
(2 marks) l'{.{
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( lv) To the second portion of . White precipitate formed l.s
t-----------

the filtrate from (b) (ii), add


aqueous NH, slowly until in
excess. . Insoluble in excess

(2 marks)
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(v) To the third portion of the . Yellow precipitate formed a
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filtrate from (b) (ii), add l..r;
Fti
aqueous KI. t
IF
(Ionic equation required) lE
t\
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f--E
l:=
f--t=r
(3 marks) IG
IR
Total25 marks ls
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NOTHING HAS BEEN OMITTED.

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2. (a) Distinguish between an 'oxidizing agent'and a 'reducing agent' in terms of electron gain rlF
or loss. IEi
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F
lii
+i
H
t.hi
I*+
H
\;
E{
Lr.

(2 marks) I\1
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(b) Jaden carried out some tests and recorded the observations in Table 3 below. Use the
information in the table to answer the questions that follow.

TABLE 3: OBSERVATIONS

Test Observation
I An aqueous solution of C was Potassium manganate(VlI)
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added to acidified potassium
manganate(Vll).
solution changed from purple to
pale pink.
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2 An aqueous solution of C was Potassium iodide solution changed .lria
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added to a solution ofpotassium from colourless to brown. Ili
iodide. E
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3 A strip of iron was placed into an Blue solution faded and brown
aqueous solution of copper(Il) deposits settled.
sulfate.
4 A strip of silver was placed into Solution remained blue.
an aqueous solution ofcopper(Il)
sulfate.

(i) State an oxidizing agent that is NOT mentioned in Table 3

(1 mark)

(ii) Identify whether Solution C is acting as an oxidizing or reducing agent in


Test I and Test 2.
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Test 1
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Test 2
tii
:ii.
f,(
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(2 marks)
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012120201F 2016

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-13-

With reference to oxidation states, explain EACH of your answers in (b) (ii).
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Test 1:

Test 2

(4 marks)

(iv) Write an ionic equation (with state symbols) for the reaction which took place in
Test 3.

(2 marks)

(v) With reference to the electrochemical series, explain the difference in observations
between Tests 3 and 4.

(4 marks)

Total 15 marks

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0t2t20201F 20t6

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0121202013
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3. (a) Define the term 'structural isomerism'

(2 marks) rle
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(b) Compound P, HrC:CHCH2CH2CH, is a hydrocarbon. .E

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(i) State the name of Compound P.
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(1 mark)

(iD State ONE physical property of Compound P.

(1 mark)

(iii) State ONE chemical property of Compound P.

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(1 mark)
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(iv) Draw the FULLY DISPLAYED structural formulae of Compound P and ONE of
.e
r.e
its isomers.

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Compound P Isomer of Compound P
..E
(4 marks) :\)
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0121202014 I
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with hydrogen gas in the presence of a catalyst to form Compound Q
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t5:. Compound Q.
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fi?l
t-tl
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si
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*-
;----l
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.€:r
ei,
Ail

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(iD State ONE physical properry of Compound Q

=
= (1 mark)
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q.. (d) The following diagram shows the structure of Compound R.
._:$..
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.Ei--. OH
|ti
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.k
liil H,C cH2 cH2 CH CH,
r.-..
'sa-.j
.lii-.
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t(.
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+
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s. (1 mark)

= (e) State the conditions required for the dehydration of ethanol.


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a_-- 1
(2 marks)
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SECTION B

AnswerALL questions.

4. (a) Graphite and diamond are two allotropes of carbon. Deflne the term 'allotrope'. Illustrate
your answer by drawing the lattice structures for both diamond and graphite.

Diamond Graphite

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,iS

(6 marks)

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0t2120201F 20t6

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0121202016
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(b) Like metals, graphite can conduct electricity but diamond cannot conduct electricify,

(i) Describe the bonding present in metals.

(2 marks)
tri,.
(r.
ft. (ii) Explain, in terms of bonding, why graphite conducts electricity but diamond does
NOT conduct electricity.

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=:, (2 marks)
q.
{ri}--

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=.i
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f{it.
5
l!{-r.

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ft
trr-.

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t,:t
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.R.i
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ft.
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= 01212020tF 2016

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- 18 -

Sodium chloride and calcium oxide both have similar giant ionic crystalline structures
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with high melting points. Howeveq the melting point of calcium oxide is higher than that
of sodium chloride. Sketch the lattice structure for sodium chloride and suggest why its
melting point would be lower than that of calcium oxide.

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-- hiit'

.-*-
--* !(
.ti
+
..Q}

,tS
.-s

(5 marks) t.E
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t\{
Total 15 marks
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5. (a) Methane, CHo, is the simplest hydrocarbon known to man.

Identiff the type of bonding present in methane. State a reason for your answer,

k.\i
I+.
tsr
.|-f

F+
r+.r
Li
<)
k (3 marks)
s
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r\+
(b) Methane, like other alkanes, is generally unreactive. However, under certain conditions,
= it can undergo reactions with chlorine, Cl, forming carbon tetrachloride, CClo.
...:.
.'.: (i) Write a balanced equation for this reaction.
n;
----f;,

srs.
++

'ir+
fi}.
!*.
E',
F; (2 marks)

(iD State the type of reaction taking place and identifz the reaction conditions

(2 marks)

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012120201F 2016
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0121202019 J
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(c) Identiff and draw the structural formulae ofthe alkene and the acid from the list ofmolecular
.-*
formulae given below. .1H
f,
c4H8' c.H'O, c4H8o2, c4Hroo =
..Vl
.-r1l}
._Fr
t.ri
-I$
-bi
jji;

Ei
'-E
:F+
€l
E

Alkene Acid:
(4 marks)

(d) For EACH of the following pairs ofcompounds, identifii a test that can be used to distinguish
between them. In your answer, include the expected observation(s).

(i) An alkane and an alkene E


-fri
I&
-.t*
\
.fi
E
*
.E
G
=
:-o
(2 marks) s
(iD An alkane and a carboxylic acid

(2 marks)

Total 15 marks

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0t2t20201F 2016

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6- (a)
-2t -

The Caribbean islands are known for their many resources. For example, the ore of
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aluminium is found in Jamaica and Guyana.

(i) Briefly describe the extraction of aluminium from its named ore. Include in your
description ONE ionic equation.

tst:
\ll

(5 marks)

(ii) Although aluminium ore is mined in the Caribbean, the extraction of aluminium
usually takes place in other countries. Suggest ONE reason why it may be difficult
to extract aluminium in the Caribbean.

(2 marks)

FT
\.

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012t2020/F 20t6

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0121202021
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r (b) An alloy can be described
aa
- LL.

'mixed metal solution'. Aluminium forms an alloy with


as a
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magnesium that is used to make aircraft.
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Identifu this alloy and suggest why it is better to use it, rather than the pure metal, in the -!2,
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manufacture of aircraft. *
.ft
-rl
..,Irl
.{i
i,l=
's
--.8.

.{=
E
_-_].r

--trJ

=
'-.+
(5 marks) ._-_:_-:
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(c) "Some metals can be useful to man but yet harmful to the environment." Comment on .:{iE
this statement with reference to mercury. ir=
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--
(3 marks)

Total 15 marks
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END OF TEST +
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012120201F 2016

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0121202022
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