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https://www.youtube.com/watch?

v=-0VCZK9_yao neon light

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NEenR0OyLtM document exp

http://whodunit.scitech.org.au/videos/test-mystery-powders/ mystery powder

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AzWO8g-zLvE finger printing

PETROSAINS SCIENCE SHOW COMPETITION 2018

SCHOOL: SEKOLAH MENENGAH SAINS SERI PUTERI

GROUP MEMBERS: 1. PRIYASINI VILAYAN

2. NURUL ALLEEYA MAISARAH BINTI ISMAWI

TEACHER ADVISORY: MS. FOO KOI HOON

EXPERIMENT 1

NAME/TITLE Mystery Powder

TOPIC ● CSI (Science behind Crime Scene


Investigation)

LEARNING OBJECTIVE to test a mystery powder to see if it’s an


acidic or alkaline

KEY SCIENCE CONCEPT/MAIN All substance have its own pH value


MESSAGES according to it characteristic

MATERIALS MATERIALS 5 white powders – these are


your known substances (e.g. sherbet,
washing powder, cornflour, cream of tartar
and baking powder) 6 small containers
(these could be small clear bowls or clear
plastic shot glasses) 1/2 red cabbage
Water Kettle Large heat safe bowl Sieve
Jug or other container for cabbage juice
Eyedropper or teaspoon Glass or cup Pen
and paper Marker pen

WHAT TO DO? Mystery powder analysis 1. Place a


small amount (1 teaspoon) of each
white powder into individual small
bowls. 2. Label each of the five bowls
with the name of powder it contains. 3.
These are samples of your known
substances. 4. Take the pre-prepared
evidence sample, in the bowl labelled
‘E’
.5. Fill a small glass halfway with the red
cabbage solution. 6. Using an eye
dropper or teaspoon, add 1ml of red
cabbage solution to the evidence
sample. 7. Record the colour change. 8.
Next, add 1ml of red cabbage solution
to each of the five known substances. 9.
Record the colour change of each of
these substances. 10.Compare the
resulting colours to determine which
known substance most closely matches
the mystery powder. 11. You can now
identify your mystery white powder

WHAT HAPPENS The powders form various colour

SCIENCE EXPLANATION Red cabbage contains a water-soluble


pigment called anthocyanin that changes
colour when it comes into contact with
acidic or alkaline substances. When it’s
mixed with an acid it turns pink-red and
when mixed with an alkali it turns blue-
green. This property makes red cabbage
solution useful for telling us something
about the chemical composition of other
substances. This activity uses household
samples of similar physical appearance
(they’re all white powders) but with
chemical differences

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KOwC7_ciwOs

EXPERIMENT 2

NAME/TITLE Secret Message

TOPIC CSI (Science behind Crime Scene Investigation)

LEARNING OBJECTIVE To discover a secret message on a piece of

paper using base- acid reaction

KEY SCIENCE CONCEPT/MAIN The base- acid reaction occurs and changes

MESSAGES colour after it is applied on a piece of paper.

MATERIALS Cotton Buds, Paper, Frozen Blueberries, Baking

Soda, Water, Spoon, Sponge


WHAT TO DO? 1. Put 50 ml of baking soda and water into a

bowl and stir it well.

2. Dip the cotton bud into the baking soda and

write a secret note on a piece of paper.

3. Wait for 2 minutes for the paper to dry.

4. Dip a sponge into the blueberry mixture and

gently apply it on the paper .

WHAT HAPPENS? The secret note is now invisible and has been

revealed

SCIENCE EXPLANATION The acid–base reaction between the baking soda

and blueberry juice caused a color change, and

the amount of pigment in the blueberry juice

influenced how dark the message became. As the

blueberry juice has more pigment, it produces a

darker and visible message.


EXPERIMENT 3

NAME/TITLE Fingerprint

TOPIC CSI

LEARNING To discover the unique patterns that fingerprints leave


OBJECTIVE behind

KEY SCIENCE All human beings have their own unique fingerprint patterns
CONCEPT/MAI
N MESSAGES

MATERIALS Polycarbonate sheets,coloured powder ,black mounting


board,cellophane tape, a hand,a makeup brush

WHAT TO DO? 1. Place the hand firmly on the polycarbonate sheets to create
a fingerprint on a surface
2. Rub brush lightly in the coloured powder
3. Brush the coloured powder where you place your finger
4. Cut a piece of cellophane tape on top of the fingerprint
5. Lift the tape slowly
6. Place the tape carefully on the mounting board

WHAT The fingerprint can


HAPPENS?

SCIENCE Our skin produces natural oils which leave behind a residue when
EXPLANATION our finger touch or pres against a suface or an object.the powder
sticks to the oil making visible the unique patterns made by the
ridges of our fingerprint.
EXPERIMENT 4

NAME/TITLE Document writing glycerin

TOPIC CSI

LEARNING . to demonstrate the writing note can be eternal using


OBJECTIVE some substance

KEY SCIENCE glycerin is a non-toxic colourless sweet tasting liquid that


CONCEPT/MAIN dissolves in water
MESSAGES

MATERIALS Glycerin,water,the writing note ,jar

WHAT TO DO? 1. Put a little of glycerin in the jar


2. Put some water in the jar
3. Insert the writing note in it
4. Stir it nicely
5. After a few minute, remove it from the jar
6. Open it nicely and interpret the note

WHAT Glycerin makes the writing eternal without damaged it at all.


HAPPENS?
SCIENCE Glycerin help forensics recover evidence when it’s been damaged
EXPLANATION
or destroyed.its perfect for helping unravel mangled evidence like

burglars maps.