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S C Reinforced Concrete Design©

B F
Using the Ultimate Limit Design Method (Egyption C

* Calculation of coefficients Design of rectangular columns

Design of slabs Design of circular columns

* Design of flat slabs

T
* Design of beams Design of isolated footings

SHEAR isolated footings under moment

M&N
Desgin of combined footing
Design for torsion
Design of strap footings

Design of retaining walls

Deflection of simples Reinforcement

Deflection of cantilevers check punching

development lenght
C Concrete Design©

F
mit Design Method (Egyption Code)

gular columns

ar columns

T
ed footings

nder moment

ned footing

p footings

ning walls
Concrete design according to the Egyptian code 1995.

* Calculation of Coeffecients

* Project :

Hollow Slabs:

Web breadth Spacing Thick Slab th. F.C L.L One way Two way
Area ts (cm) Wu (t/m`) Wu (t/m
b (cm) e (cm) t (cm) (kg/m )2
(kg/m ) 2

1 12 40 32 7 150 200 1.237 1.385


2 12 40 27 7 150 200 1.129 1.250
3 12 40 30 5 150 200 1.169 1.318
4 12 40 32 7 150 200 1.237 1.385
5 12 40 32 7 150 200 1.237 1.385

1 simple
0.87 continous from 1 side
Slabs: 0.76 continous from 2 side
S.S H.B
Long span Short span Code of practice Marcus Grashoff
Area
Span (m) contin. Span (m) contin. a b a b a
1 9 1 7 1 0.493 0.212 0.586 0.214 0.732
2 5 1 5 1 0.350 0.350 0.400 0.400 0.500
3 5 1 4 1 0.475 0.224 0.568 0.232 0.709
4 5 1 4 1 0.475 0.224 0.568 0.232 0.709
5 5 1 4 1 0.475 0.224 0.568 0.232 0.709
6 5 1 4 1 0.475 0.224 0.568 0.232 0.709
7 5 1 4 1 0.475 0.224 0.568 0.232 0.709
8 5 1 4 1 0.475 0.224 0.568 0.232 0.709
9 5 1 4 1 0.475 0.224 0.568 0.232 0.709
10 5 1 5 1 0.350 0.350 0.400 0.400 0.500

Beams:
Long span
Load on Long Short Load coeff. Load distribution for
Area
slab (t/m2) span (m) span (m) shear moment shear (t/m`) moment (t/m`)
1 1.35 7.6 6.8 0.553 0.733 2.537 3.365
2 0.85 5 4 0.600 0.787 1.020 1.337
3 0.85 5 4 0.600 0.787 1.020 1.337
4 0.85 5 4 0.600 0.787 1.020 1.337
5 0.85 5 4 0.600 0.787 1.020 1.337
6 0.85 5 4 0.600 0.787 1.020 1.337
7 0.85 5 4 0.600 0.787 1.020 1.337
8 0.85 5 4 0.600 0.787 1.020 1.337
9 0.85 5 4 0.600 0.787 1.020 1.337

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design according to the Egyptian code 1995.

10 0.85 5 4 0.600 0.787 1.020 1.337

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design according to the Egyptian code 1995.

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Two way
Wu (t/m2)
1.385 104
1.250 104
1.318 104
1.385 104
1.385 104

H.B
Grashoff
b
0.268
0.500
0.291
0.291
0.291
0.291
0.291
0.291
0.291
0.500

short span
Load distribution for
shear (t/m`) moment
2.295 3.062

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design according to the Egyptian code 1995.

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

* Design of Slabs

* Project :

Concrete Fcu = 220 kg/cm2


Steel Fy = 3600 kg/cm2

Ult. Moment Breadth Depth As Asmin


Sec. Mw (t.m)
Mu (m.t)
C1 J
b (cm) d (cm) (cm2) (cm2)

1 2 3 100 18 4.874 0.826 5.60 2.70

2 3 4.5 100 26 5.749 0.826 5.73 3.90

3 4 6 100 26.5 5.074 0.826 7.57 3.98

4 5 7.5 100 26 4.453 0.818 9.80 3.90

5 6 9 100 26 4.065 0.806 11.92 3.90

6 7 10.5 100 26 3.763 0.795 14.11 3.90

7 8 12 100 28 3.791 0.796 14.96 4.20

8 9 13.5 100 26 3.319 0.770 18.73 3.90

9 10 15 100 26 3.149 0.757 21.16 3.90

10 11 16.5 100 28 3.233 0.764 21.43 4.20

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

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Used
Rft. /m Notes
As

5.60 4 f 14 safe

5.73 3 f 16 safe

7.57 4 f 16 safe

9.80 5 f 16 safe

11.92 6 f 16 safe

14.11 8 f 16 safe

14.96 8 f 16 safe

18.73 10 f 16 safe

21.16 11 f 16 safe

21.43 11 f 16 safe

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

* Check shear in beams


* Project :
Concrete Fcu = 220 kg/cm2
Concrete qall = 9.083 kg/cm2
Stirrups Fy = 2400 kg/cm2

Ult. Shear Breadth Depth qu


Qw (ton)
Qu (ton) b (cm) d (cm) (kg/cm2)

56 84 100 80 10.50

11 16.5 150 37 2.97

12 18 100 37 4.86

13 19.5 150 37 3.51

14 21 20 77 13.64

15 22.5 50 76 5.92

16 24 50 76 6.32

17 25.5 50 76 6.71

18 27 50 76 7.11

19 28.5 50 76 7.50

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

As no. of
Stirrups Notes
S bran.

0.286 4 7 f 12 safe

-0.113 6 -2 f 10 safe

0.015 4 1 f 8 safe

-0.074 6 -2 f 8 safe

0.087 2 9 f 8 safe

0.033 2 4 f 8 safe

0.043 2 5 f 8 safe

0.052 2 6 f 8 safe

0.061 2 7 f 8 safe

0.071 2 8 f 8 safe

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

* Design of Beams

* Project :

Concrete Fcu = 300 kg/cm2


Steel Fy = 3600 kg/cm2
Beams

Ult. Moment Breadth Depth Asmin Used


Sec. Mw (t.m) As
Mu (m.t) b (cm) d (cm) (cm2) As

15 22.5
1 20 60 13.84 3.67 13.84

5 7.5
2 140 57 4.42 11.97 11.97

6 9
3 40 77 3.93 5.23 5.23

7 10.5
4 150 37 9.54 12.69 12.69

8 12
5 100 37 10.91 11.31 11.31

9 13.5
6 120 37 12.27 13.57 13.57

10 15
7 120 37 13.63 13.57 13.63

11 16.5
8 150 38 14.60 17.42 17.42

12 18
9 20 77 7.94 4.71 7.94

13 19.5
10 20 77 8.65 4.71 8.65

14 21
11 130 38 18.58 15.09 18.58

15 22.5
12 120 37 20.52 13.57 20.52

16 24
13 120 37 21.98 13.57 21.98

17 25.5
14 40 40 24.87 4.89 24.87

18 27
15 20 70 13.93 4.28 13.93

By: Eng. Hossam Ahmed


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

19 28.5
16 20 70 14.83 4.28 14.83

20 30
17 20 70 15.75 4.28 15.75

21 31.5
18 20 70 16.69 4.28 16.69

22 33
19 20 70 17.65 4.28 17.65

23 34.5
20 20 70 18.63 4.28 18.63

By: Eng. Hossam Ahmed


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

Rft. Notes
meu

7 f 16 safe
### 1.15

3 f 25 safe
### 0.15

2 f 20 safe
### 0.17

3 f 25 safe
### 0.23

4 f 20 safe
### 0.31

5 f 20 safe
### 0.31

5 f 20 safe
### 0.31

4 f 25 safe
### 0.31

4 f 16 safe
### 0.52

3 f 20 safe
### 0.56

6 f 20 safe
### 0.38

5 f 25 safe
### 0.46

5 f 25 safe
### 0.50

10 f 18 unsafe
### 1.55

7 f 16 safe
### 1.00

By: Eng. Hossam Ahmed


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

8 f 16 safe
### 1.06

8 f 16 safe
### 1.13

9 f 16 safe
### 1.19

9 f 16 safe
### 1.26

10 f 16 safe
### 1.33

By: Eng. Hossam Ahmed


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

* Design of Rectangular Columns

* Project :

Concrete Fcu = 220 kg/cm2


Steel Fy = 3600 kg/cm2

Ult. Load desired dim of column


Col. Nw (ton)
Nu (ton) m% b (cm)
1 35
1 55 82.5 1.3 20
1.6 20
1 25
2 120 180 1.3 25
1.6 25
1 25
3 150 225 1.3 25
1.6 20
1 25
4 180 270 1.3 25
1.6 25
1 30
5 210 315 1.3 30
1.6 30
1 30
6 240 360 1.3 30
1.6 30
1 30
7 270 405 1.3 30
1.6 30
1 30
300 450
By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb
Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

8 300 450 1.3 30


1.6 30
1 30
9 330 495 1.3 30
1.6 30
1 30
10 360 540 1.3 30
1.6 30
1 30
11 390 585 1.3 30
1.6 30

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

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dim of column As
Reinforcement
t (cm) (cm2)
30 10.50 6 f 16 ###
45 11.70 6 f 16 ###
40 12.80 7 f 16 ###
80 20.00 10 f 16 ###
75 24.38 13 f 16 ###
70 28.00 14 f 16 ###
100 25.00 13 f 16 ###
95 30.88 16 f 16 ###
105 33.60 17 f 16 ###
120 30.00 15 f 16 ###
110 35.75 18 f 16 ###
105 42.00 21 f 16 ###
115 34.50 18 f 16 ###
110 42.90 22 f 16 ###
100 48.00 24 f 16 ###
130 39.00 20 f 16 ###
125 48.75 25 f 16 ###
115 55.20 28 f 16 ###
150 45.00 23 f 16 ###
140 54.60 28 f 16 ###
130 62.40 32 f 16 ###
165 49.50 25 f 16 ###

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

155 60.45 31 f 16 ###


140 67.20 34 f 16 ###
180 54.00 27 f 16 ###
170 66.30 33 f 16 ###
155 74.40 38 f 16 ###
195 58.50 30 f 16 ###
185 72.15 36 f 16 ###
170 81.60 41 f 16 ###
215 64.50 33 f 16 ###
200 78.00 39 f 16 ###
185 88.80 45 f 16 ###

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

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By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

* Design of Circular Columns

* Project :

Concrete Fcu = 220 kg/cm2


Steel Fy = 3600 kg/cm2

Ult. Load desired Diamter As


Col. Nw (ton) Reinforcement
Nu (ton) m% D (cm) (cm2)
1 35 9.62 5 f 16
1 60 90 1.3 35 12.50 7 f 16
1.6 35 15.39 8 f 16
1 55 23.75 12 f 16
2 130 195 1.3 50 25.51 13 f 16
1.6 50 31.40 16 f 16
1 55 23.75 12 f 16
3 140 210 1.3 55 30.87 16 f 16
1.6 50 31.40 16 f 16
1 60 28.26 15 f 16
4 160 240 1.3 55 30.87 16 f 16
1.6 55 37.99 19 f 16
1 60 28.26 15 f 16
5 180 270 1.3 60 36.74 19 f 16
1.6 60 45.22 23 f 16
1 65 33.17 17 f 16
6 200 300 1.3 65 43.12 22 f 16
1.6 60 45.22 23 f 16
1 70 38.47 20 f 16
7 220 330 1.3 65 43.12 22 f 16
1.6 65 53.07 27 f 16
1 70 38.47 20 f 16
8 240 360 1.3 70 50.00 25 f 16
1.6 65 53.07 27 f 16
1 75 44.16 22 f 16
9 260 390 1.3 70 50.00 25 f 16
1.6 70 61.54 31 f 16
1 75 44.16 22 f 16
10 280 420 1.3 75 57.40 29 f 16
1.6 70 61.54 31 f 16
1 80 50.24 26 f 16
11 300 450 1.3 75 57.40 29 f 16

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

300 450
1.6 75 70.65 36 f 16

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

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By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design according to the Egyptian code 1995.

* Deflection of Simples

* Project

Concrete Fcu220
= kg/cm2
Steel Fy3600
= kg/cm2

PDL+ PLL
WDL+ WLL

Span/2 Span/2

Breadth Depth Thickness Span


Sec.Properties of sec: b (cm) d (cm) t (cm) L (m)
1 200 30 35 7.5

Top Rft.: no. f area


16 20 50.24 cm2

Bottom Rft.: no. f area


23 20 72.22 cm2

Working loads: PDL (t) PLL (t) WDL (t/m) WLL (t/m)
0.00 0.00 3.30 1.50

Initial deflection: 1.87 cm

After long term: 3.37 cm

Allowable value: 3.00 cm

Notes: Unsafe
Concrete design according to the Egyptian code 1995.

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Ec = 207653.56 27.332313 Fctr

Ig = 714583.33 1116069 Mcr

d= 5
B/2 = 100 1786.66 -36015.8
12.041968

I cr. 500646.46

alpha = 1.1652174 0.6 1.1652174 creep effect

M d.L = M L.L M D+M L.L


2320312.5 1054687.5 3375000
508382.84 I.e.

DEF. D.L DEF . L.L


1.2878566 0.5853894

1
Concrete design according to the Egyptian code1995.

* Deflection of Cantilevers

* Project :

Concrete Fcu = 220 kg/cm2


Steel Fy = 3600 kg/cm2

PDL+ PLL
WDL+ WLL

Span

Breadth Depth Thickness Span


Sec. Properties of sec: b (cm) d (cm) t (cm) L (m)
1 100 27 30 2.5

Top Rft.: no. f area


7 14 10.77 cm2

Bottom Rft.: no. f area


7 14 10.77 cm2

Working loads: PDL (t) PLL (t) WDL (t/m) WLL (t/m)
0.15 0.15 0.60 0.75

Initial deflection: 0.24 cm

After long term: 0.33 cm

Allowable value: 0.56 cm

Notes: Safe

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design according to the Egyptian code1995.

Back-->

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

* Design of Flat Slab

* Project :

Concrete Fcu = 220 kg/cm2


Steel Fy = 3600 kg/cm2

Module: Long direction 8 m Short direc. 8


Marginal beams: 1)Yes 2)No 2
Column dim.: Long direction 40 cm Short direc. 40
Slab thickness: 25 cm
Live load: 528 kg/m2 Walls load: 55 kg/m2
Slab load Wsu = 2.0068 t/m2

Long direction 1 48.01 3 54.01


Column strip 36.00 2 30 4

Long direction 5 12.00 7 18.00


Field strip 24.00 6 18 8

Short direction 9 48.01 11 54.01


Column strip 36.00 10 30 12

Short direction 13 12.00 15 18.00


Field strip 24.00 14 18 16

Mu Ult. Moment Breadth Depth As Asmin Used


Sec. C1 J Rft. /m
per 1 m Mu (m.t) b (cm) d (cm) (cm2) (cm2) As
1 9.00 36.00 400 23 3.596 0.787 13.82 13.80 13.82 7
2 12.00 48.01 400 23 3.114 0.754 19.22 13.80 19.22 10
3 7.50 30.00 400 23 3.939 0.802 11.30 13.80 13.80 6
4 13.50 54.01 400 23 2.936 0.737 22.13 13.80 22.13 12
5 6.00 24.00 400 23 4.404 0.817 8.88 13.80 13.80 5
6 3.00 12.00 400 23 6.228 0.826 4.39 13.80 13.80 4
7 4.50 18.00 400 23 5.085 0.826 6.58 13.80 13.80 6
8 4.50 18.00 400 23 5.085 0.826 6.58 13.80 13.80 6
9 9.00 36.00 400 23 3.596 0.787 13.82 13.80 13.82 13
10 12.00 48.01 400 23 3.114 0.754 19.22 13.80 19.22 18
11 7.50 30.00 400 23 3.939 0.802 11.30 13.80 13.80 10
12 13.50 54.01 400 23 2.936 0.737 22.13 13.80 22.13 20
13 6.00 24.00 400 23 4.404 0.817 8.88 13.80 13.80 8
14 3.00 12.00 400 23 6.228 0.826 4.39 13.80 13.80 4

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

15 4.50 18.00 400 23 5.085 0.826 6.58 13.80 13.80 6


16 4.50 18.00 400 23 5.085 0.826 6.58 13.80 13.80 6

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

m 120.015559 120.015559
0
cm ‫يتم أخذ العزوم السالبة على وش العمود‬
0.4 0.1

Rft. /m Notes

f 16 safe 0.826 0.787 1


f 16 safe 0.826 0.754 1
f 16 safe 0.826 0.802 1
f 16 safe 0.826 0.737 1
f 16 safe 0.826 0.817 1
f 12 safe 0.826 0.844 1
f 12 safe 0.826 0.831 1
f 12 safe 0.826 0.831 1
f 12 safe 0.826 0.787 1
f 12 safe 0.826 0.754 1
f 12 safe 0.826 0.802 1
f 12 safe 0.826 0.737 1
f 12 safe 0.826 0.817 1
f 12 safe 0.826 0.844 1

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

f 12 safe 0.826 0.831 1


f 12 safe 0.826 0.831 1

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

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By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

* Design of Sec. under M,N

* Project :

Concrete Fcu = 225 kg/cm2


Steel Fy = 3600 kg/cm2

Ult. Moment Normal Breadth Depth Thick


Sec. Mw (t.m) Nw (ton) ecc.
Mu (m.t) Nu (t) b (cm) d (cm) t (cm)
1 5 -20 7.5 -30 25 65 70 Small
2 6 -25 9 -37.5 25 65 70 Small
3 7 -30 10.5 -45 25 65 70 Small
4 8 -35 12 -52.5 25 65 70 Small
5 9 -40 13.5 -60 25 65 70 Small
6 10 -45 15 -67.5 25 65 70 Small
7 11 -50 16.5 -75 25 65 70 Small
8 12 -55 18 -82.5 25 65 70 Small
9 13 -60 19.5 -90 25 65 70 Small
10 14 -65 21 -97.5 25 65 70 Small
11 15 -70 22.5 -105 40 80 85 Small
12 16 -75 24 -112.5 40 80 85 Small
13 17 -80 25.5 -120 40 80 85 Small
14 18 -85 27 -127.5 40 80 85 Small
15 19 -90 28.5 -135 40 80 85 Small
16 20 -95 30 -142.5 40 80 85 Small
17 21 -100 31.5 -150 40 80 85 Small
18 22 -105 33 -157.5 40 80 85 Small
19 23 -110 34.5 -165 40 80 85 Small
20 24 -115 36 -172.5 40 80 85 Small
21 25 -120 37.5 -180 40 80 85 Small
22 26 -125 39 -187.5 40 80 85 Small
23 27 -130 40.5 -195 40 80 85 Small
24 28 -135 42 -202.5 40 90 95 Small
25 29 -140 43.5 -210 40 90 95 Small
26 30 -145 45 -217.5 40 120 125 Small
27 31 -150 46.5 -225 40 120 125 Small
28 32 -155 48 -232.5 40 120 125 Small
29 33 -160 49.5 -240 40 120 125 Small
30 34 -165 51 -247.5 40 120 125 Small
31 35 -170 52.5 -255 40 120 125 Small
32 36 -175 54 -262.5 40 120 125 Small

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

33 37 -180 55.5 -270 40 120 125 Small


34 38 -185 57 -277.5 40 120 125 Small

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

Asmin Used
C1 J Rft.
(cm2) As
3.795 0.796 2.44 2.44 2 f 16
3.426 0.777 2.44 2.44 2 f 16
3.147 0.757 2.44 2.44 2 f 16
2.926 0.736 2.44 2.44 2 f 16
2.747 0.713 2.44 2.44 2 f 16
2.597 0.687 2.44 2.44 2 f 16
2.469 0.659 2.44 2.44 2 f 16
2.358 0.627 3.69 3.69 2 f 16
2.261 0.589 4.97 5.01 3 f 16
2.175 0.536 4.97 8.90 5 f 16
3.051 0.749 4.80 4.80 3 f 16
2.950 0.738 4.80 4.80 3 f 16
2.858 0.728 4.80 4.80 3 f 16
2.775 0.717 4.80 4.80 3 f 16
2.698 0.705 4.80 4.80 3 f 16
2.627 0.693 4.80 4.80 3 f 16
2.562 0.680 4.80 4.80 3 f 16
2.501 0.667 4.80 4.80 3 f 16
2.445 0.653 4.80 4.80 3 f 16
2.392 0.638 4.80 4.80 3 f 16
2.342 0.622 4.80 4.80 3 f 16
2.295 0.604 4.80 4.80 3 f 16
2.252 0.584 6.98 6.98 4 f 16
2.386 0.636 5.40 5.40 3 f 16
2.343 0.622 5.40 5.40 3 f 16
2.761 0.715 7.20 7.20 4 f 16
2.715 0.708 7.20 7.20 4 f 16
2.671 0.701 7.20 7.20 4 f 16
2.629 0.693 7.20 7.20 4 f 16
2.589 0.686 7.20 7.20 4 f 16
2.551 0.678 7.20 7.20 4 f 16
2.515 0.670 7.20 7.20 4 f 16

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

2.480 0.662 7.20 7.20 4 f 16


2.446 0.654 7.20 7.20 4 f 16

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete Design using the ultimate limit design method.

* Design for Torsion

* Project :

Concrete Fcu = 220 kg/cm2


Concrete qall = 9.083 kg/cm2
Stirrups Fy = 2400 kg/cm2
Horizontal bars Fy = 3600 kg/cm2

working torsional moment Ult. torsional moment Sec. dim.


Sec. Mw (t.m) Mu (m.t) b (cm) t (cm)
1 10 15 45 100

&ti = 0.845
&si = 0.534
qtu max = 23.039 kg/cm2
qu max = 14.551 kg/cm2
neglect torsion if qtu < 2.30 kg/cm2

Due to shear qsu


14.04 kg/cm2

Due to torsion qtu


22.22 kg/cm2

Calculation of stirrups:

Due to shear no. f


15.9 10

Due to torsion no. f


13.1 10

Horizontal Rft. no. f


24 10

the value of torsion get from torsion force digram like shear force digram
‫الاكانات الاخارجية فقط هى الاتى تقاوم قوى اللاتواء‬
‫يتم توزيع الاحديد الاطولاى على اربع اركان الاكمرة‬

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete Design using the ultimate limit design method.

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working shear Ult. shear force


Qw (ton) Qu (ton)
40 60

Notes
safe 4.850232 7.679534

Notes 0 0
safe

d' = 1.5
b' = 1.5

Notes As shear As #
0 0.25034 0.785

Notes alph t = 1.422143 0 1.422143


0.00 0.102619 0.785
As torsion As #
As # Asl
18.4715 0.785 23.53057

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete Design using the ultimate limit design method.

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By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

* Design of Isolated footings

* Project :

Concrete Fcu = 250 kg/cm2


Steel Fy = 3600 kg/cm2
Bearing capacity qall = 1.50 kg/cm2

Nu 185
Column working load column dim. extension
foot Nw (ton) b (cm) t (cm) of P.C (cm)
F1 60 20 50 10

Dims. of P.C : B (cm) L (cm)


190 220 ###
###
Dims. of R.C : B (cm) L (cm) t (cm)
170 200 60

Shear stress (kg/cm2) Notes


2.334 safe ###

Punching stress (kg/cm2) Notes


3.521 safe ###

###
Calculation of Rft. : As /m Asmin ###
4.55 8.25 cm2
###
Long Rft. : no. f total no.
6 14 /m 12 ###

Short Rft. : no. f total no.


6 14 /m 14 ###

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method

* Design of Isolated footings under moment

* Project :

Concrete Fcu = 220 kg/cm2


Steel Fy = 3600 kg/cm2
Bearing capacity qall = 2.00 kg/cm2

Column working load Moment column dim. extension


foot Nw (ton) Mw (m.t) b (cm) t (cm) of P.C (cm)
F1 100 10 25 50 20
###

Dims. of P.C : B (cm) L (cm) Lmin (cm)


215 240 60
Choose dim of P.C 250 275 ###
###
Dims. of R.C : B (cm) L (cm) t (cm)
210 235 60

Max. Stree (kg/cm2) = 1.77 Safe case (2) ###


Min. Stress (kg/cm2) = 1.14 No tension ###

Shear stress (kg/cm2) Notes


4.317 safe ###
###
Punching stress (kg/cm2) Notes ###
6.148 safe ###

###
Calculation of Rft. : As /m Asmin ###
9.18 8.25 cm2 ###
###
Long Rft. : no. f total no.
5 16 /m 12 ###

Short Rft. : no. f total no.


5 16 /m 13 ###

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

* Design of Combined footings


* Project :

Concrete Fcu = 220 kg/cm2


Steel Fy = 3600 kg/cm2
B.C. OF SOIL qall = 2.00 kg/cm2

b2
b1

a1 a2 150
c
x

535

Column working load column dim. In column dim. in extension of p.c


Col Nw (ton) transverse longitudinal
exter. 80 direction
a1= 30 b1 = 30 0
inter. 80 a2= 30 b2= 30 0

Distance from C.G to C.G (X) : 5 m

Area OF Footing = 8 m2
Resultant of 2 loads is at: 2.50 m From center of external column
working stress under R.c = 19.94 t/m2

Dims. of P.C : B (cm) L (cm)


Minimum 150 535
chosen 150 535

Dims. of R.C : B (cm) L (cm) t (cm)


150 535 90

Max moment (Mw)= 95.00 m.t at zero shear per width of footing
Max Shear (Qw)= 69.53 t per width of footing
check shear
Qu = 69.53 t
qs = Qu/(B*d) = 55.85 t/m2 allowable = 61.27 t/m2 ok

check punching shear


exterior column q(punching)= 44.044 t/m2 allowable = 121.10 ok
interior column q(punching)= 21.181 t/m2 allowable = 121.10 ok

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

MOM./SHR. DIAG.
( m.t / t )
MOMENT/SHEAR DIAG.
150.000

50.000

0 1 2 3 4 5 6

-50.000

DISTANCE (m)

-150.000

Longitudinal direction:

Top Rft. : no. f total no.


8 25 /m 14

Bottom Rft. : no. f total no.


7 16 /m 12

Transverse direction:

Top Rft. : no. f total no.


5 12 /m 28

Bottom Rft. : no. f total no.


5 18 /m 28

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

* Design of Strap footings

* Project :

Concrete Fcu = 220 kg/cm2

Steel Fy = 3600 kg/cm2

Stirrups Fy = 2400 kg/cm2


Bearing capacity qall = 2.00 kg/cm2

Column working load column dim. (cm) extension


Col. Nw (ton) trans. long. of P.C (cm)
exter. 50 40 70 0
inter. 50 70 70 0

Distance from c.g to c.g: 5.65 m

Take eccentricity = 1.25 m

Dims. of P.C : B (cm) L (cm)


external footing 105 320
internal footing 105 175

Dims. of R.C : B (cm) L (cm) t (cm)


external footing 105 320 80
internal footing 105 175 80

Longitudinal direction:

Dim. Of strap beam : b (cm) t (cm)


50 80

Rft. Of strap beam : no. f


Top Rft. 7 25
Bottom Rft. 2 25

Stirrups : no. f
1 12 4 branches

Transverse direction:

Bottom Rft. : no. f total no.


external footing 4 20 /m 14

By: Eng. hossam Ahmed


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

internal footing 4 20 /m 9

By: Eng. hossam Ahmed


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

* Design of Retaining Walls

* Project :

Concrete Fcu = 220 kg/cm2

Steel Fy = 3600 kg/cm2

Bearing capacity qall = 2.50 kg/cm2 0.90

Soil density g = 2.00 ton/m3 0 t/m'

Cohesion of soil C = 2.00 kg/cm2

Angle of friction d = 22 degree

12.00

12.00
Coeff. of earth pressure Ka = 0.3
0.00

5.00 1.50

0.90 R.C
P.C
0.10
6.50
6.70

Factor of safety against sliding = 3.36

Factor of safety against overturning = 2.03

Max. stress on soil = 1.62 kg/cm2 Safe stress No tension on soil


Min. stress on soil = 0.82 kg/cm2 Safe stress No tension on soil

Calculation of Rft. :

Mu (m.t) C1 J As (cm2) As min


For wall 259.20 2.53 0.675 122.66 13.05 26 f 25
For Base 254.63 2.50 0.667 124.84 12.75 26 f 25

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

Back-->

0.3837778 0.10

force weight slid over stress 8.514

7.8 27 167.05465 219.7 219.7 0

50.7 14.625 48.99375 59.4 0.594

1.474 4.9379 122.4 0

1 36 149.85 29.98 mom

0 0 243 0.3662395 e

49.7 81.859 446.78165

0
2.58
0.18
43.2 0
172.8 0
172.8

0 0
0 0

0.80
0.6665641
0.6747077 0.826 4.90625 122.66
0.6100405 1.01

1.3174687 1.3580062 169.75078

12730.789 3378.6 4.90625

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

124.84

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb


Back-->
Area of steeL = 12 Cm2

diameter No. of bars actuaL as

8 24 12.06
10 16 12.56
12 11 12.43
14 8 12.31
16 6 12.06
18 5 12.72
20 4 12.56
22 4 15.20
25 3 14.72

Maximum allowable no. of Bars in one Raw


(Minimum distance = 1.5 # )
Width of Beam 20 Cm
cover 1.5 Cm
Diameter of steel 20 mm

No. of bars in
3
one Raw

Calculate area of steeL


No. of bras diameter area of steel

12 20 37.68
2 20 6.28
5 16 10.05

diameter area wieght(kg)/m


8 0.502 0.395
10 0.785 0.617
12 1.130 0.888
14 1.539 1.210
16 2.010 1.580
18 2.543 2.000
20 3.140 2.470
22 3.799 2.980
25 4.906 3.850
Back-->
Concrete Fcu = 220 kg/cm2
Steel Fy = 3600 kg/cm2

Rectangular Column

B= 25 cm 82
T= 90 cm 147
d= 57 cm
COLUMN LOAD 280 t 280000
distrubuted load = 1.1 t/m2 1.1

B0 = 458 cm 266741
punching stress = 458

10.2 Kg/cm2 12.1106 9.41935666 49.6534658

allowable stress =

9.42 Kg/cm2

Circular Column

D = 75 cm 51.5
d= 28 cm 4415.63
COLUMN LOAD 120 t 120000
distrubuted load = 1.2 t/m2

B0 = 323.42 cm
punching stress =
13.2 Kg/cm2
Back-->
* Design of Beams

* Project :

Concrete Fcu = 220 kg/cm2


Steel Fy = 3600 kg/cm2

Wm Ult. Moment Breadth Comp.fl. Depth Asmin Used


Sec. J As Rft.
(t.m) Mu (m.t) b (cm) B (cm) d (cm) (cm )
2
As

1 4 6 15 90 38 ### 5.31 1.74 5.31 2

2 6 9 60 80 75 ### 4.04 6.75 6.75 2

3 8 12 60 80 75 ### 5.38 7.16 7.16 3

4 10 15 20 80 75 ### 6.73 4.58 6.73 3

5 12 18 120 80 42 ###14.71 15.40 15.40 8

6 14 21 95 80 55 ###12.84 15.97 15.97 6

7 16 24 20 80 45 ###18.55 2.75 18.55 10

8 18 27 25 80 65 ###13.97 4.97 13.97 7

9 20 30 25 80 65 ###15.52 4.97 15.52 8

10 22 33 25 80 65 ###17.11 4.97 17.11 9

11 24 36 25 80 65 ###18.76 4.97 18.76 10

12 26 39 25 80 65 ###20.44 4.97 20.44 11

13 28 42 25 80 65 ###22.13 4.97 22.13 12

14 30 45 25 80 65 ###23.85 4.97 23.85 12

15 32 48 25 80 65 ###25.58 4.97 25.58 13

16 34 51 25 80 65 ###27.34 4.97 27.34 14

17 36 54 25 80 65 ###29.12 4.97 29.12 15

18 38 57 25 80 65 ###30.93 4.97 30.93 16


19 40 60 25 80 65 ###32.76 4.97 32.76 17

20 42 63 25 80 65 ###34.61 4.97 34.61 18


Rft. Notes

f 20 safe
###

f 25 safe
###

f 20 safe
###

f 20 safe
###

f 16 safe
###

f 20 safe
###

f 16 safe
###

f 16 safe
###

f 16 safe
###

f 16 safe
###

f 16 safe
###

f 16 safe
###

f 16 safe
###

f 16 safe
###

f 16 safe
###

f 16 safe
###

f 16 safe
###

f 16 safe
###
f 16 safe
###

f 16 safe
###
Fy = 3600 Kg/cm 2

Fcu = 220 Kg/cm 2

db = 25 mm ###

FOR TENSION
Ld = 51.09 db 127.72 cm
FOR COMPRESION
Ld = 34.06 db 85.15 cm

IN CASE OF TOP BARS HAVING CONCRETE DEPTH BELOW > 300mm


multiply the given values by 1.3
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