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HANS RAJ SMARAK SR. SEC.

SCHOOL
CLASS X, CHEMISTRY ASSIGNMENT
CH – 1 CHEMICAL REACTIONS AND EQUATIONS
1. Write one disadvantage of oxidation in our daily life.
2. Name the group of chemical substances used to prevent oxidation.
3. What is the substance reduced in a redox reaction called?
4. Write the four changes which help us to determine whether a chemical
reaction has taken place.
5. Astha has been collecting silver coins and copper coins. One day she observed
a black coating on silver coins and a green coating on copper coins . Which
chemical phenomenon is responsible for these coatings? Write the chemical
name and formula of black and green coatings.
6. Name the law which is applicable while balancing chemical equation.
7. What type of reaction is represented by the digestion of food in our body?
8. When a compound of lead is heated , brown coloured fumes evolved from it.
a. Name the compound. b. Write the balanced chemical equation.
c. Write the chemical name of brown coloured fumes.
d. Name the type of reaction. e. Is this reaction an exothermic or endothermic?
9. ASO4 + B -----------˃ BSO4 + A
a. Name this reaction. b. Which one is more reactive element and why?
10. Write the chemical equation and the type of reaction for each of the
following:
a. Silver chloride is exposed to sunlight.
b. Manganese dioxide reacts with hydrochloric acid.
c. Zinc rod is dipped in copper sulphate solution.
d. Solution of sodium sulphate and barium chloride are mixed.
e. Calcium carbonate is heated.
11. Name the substances oxidized and reduced and also identify the oxidizing
agents and reducing agents in the following reactions:
a. 3MnO2 + 4Al --------------˃ 3Mn + 2Al2O3
b. Fe2O3 + 3CO --------------------˃ 2Fe + 3CO2
c. 2Al + 6HCl ----------------------˃ 2AlCl3 + 3H2
d. H2S + Cl2 --------------------˃ 2HCl + S
12. Balance the following equations:
a. NH3 + O2 ---------------˃ NO + H2O
b. HNO3 ----------------------˃ H2O + NO2 + O2
c. Al + Fe2O3 -------------------˃ Al2O3 + Fe
13. An old cycle frame was left in open for a few days. A brown layer got slowly
deposited on its surface and could not be removed when rubbed with sand
paper. What actually happened?What is brown layer chemically known as?
14. A student dropped few pieces of marble in dil. HCl contained in the test
tube. The evolved gas was then passed through lime water . What change would
be observed in lime water ? Write balanced chemical equations for both the
changes observed.
15. Ferrous sulphate decomposes with the evolution of a gas having a
characteristic odour of burning sulphur. Write the chemical reaction involved
and also mention the type of thechemical reaction?
16. Which among the following are physical or chemical changes?
a) Evaporation of petrol
b) Burning of LPG
c) Heating of an iron rod to red hot
d) Curdling of milk
e) Sublimation of solid ammonium chloride.
17. Why do we store silver chloride in dark coloured bottles?
18. Zinc liberates hydrogen gas when reacted with dilute hydrochloric acid ,
whereas copper does not . Explain why?
19. You are provided with two containers made up of copper and aluminium.
You are also provided with solutions of dil. HCl , dil. HNO3 , ZnCl2 and H2O . In
which of the above containers these solutions can be kept?
20. A solution of potassium chloride when mixed with silver nitrate solution , an
insoluble white substance is formed . Write the chemical reaction involved and
also mention the type of the chemical reaction.
21. A substance X, which is an oxide of a group 2 element , is used intensively in
the cement industry . This element is present in bones also. On treatment with
water it forms a solution which turns red litmus blue. Identify X and also write
the chemical reactions involved.
22. What happens when a piece of
(a) aluminium metal is added to dilute hydrochloric acid?
(b) silver metal is added to copper sulphate solution.
Also , write the balanced chemical equation if the reaction occurs.
HOTS
1. A colourless lead salt,when heated , produces a yellow residue and brown
fumes.
a) Name the lead salt.
b) Name the brown fumes.
c) Write a chemical equation of the reaction involved.
2. A strip of metal X is dipped in a blue coloured salt solution YSO4 . After
sometime, a layer of metal Y from the salt solution is formed on the surface
of metal strip X. Metal X is used in galvanization whereas metal Y is used in
making electric wires. Metal X and Y together form an alloy Z.
a) What could metal X be?
b) What could metal Y be?
c) Name the metal salt YSO4.
d) What type of chemical reaction takes placewhen metal X reacts with salt
solution YSO4? Write the equation of the chemical reaction involved.
e) Name the alloy Z.
3. When a black metal compound XO is heated with a colourless gas Y2 ,then
metal X and another compound Y2O are formed. Metal X is red brown in
colour which does not react with dilute acids at all. Gas Y2 can be prepared
by the action of a dilute acid on any active metal. The compound Y2O is a
liquid at room temperature which can turn anhydrous copper sulphate
blue.
a) What do you think is metal X?
b) What could be gas Y2?
c) What is compound XO?
d) What is compound Y2O?
e) Write the chemical equation of the reaction which takes place on heating
XO with Y2 .
f) What type of chemical reaction is illustrated in the above equation?
4. A metal salt MX when exposed to light splits up to form metal M and a gas
X2 . Metal M is used in making ornaments whereas gas X2 is used in making
bleaching powder.The salt MX is itself used in black and white
photography.
a) What do you think metal M is?
b) What could be gas X2?
c) Name the metal salt MX.
d) What type of reaction takes place when salt MX is exposed to light? Write
the equation of the reaction.