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mobile communication and society Manuel Castells Mireia Fernandez-Ardévol Jack Linchuan Qiu Araba Sey a © 2007 Massachusetts Institute of Technology Alll rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form by any elec- tronic or mechanical means (including photocopying, recording, or information storage and retrieval) without permission in writing from the publisher. MIT Press books may be purchased at special quantity discounts for business or sales, promotional use. For information, please email special_sales@mitpress.mit.edu or write to Special Sales Department, The MIT Press, 55 Hayward Street, Cambridge, MA 02142. ‘This book was set in Stone Sans and Stone Serif by SNP Best-set Typesetter Ltd., Hong Kong. Printed and bound in the United States of America. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Mobile communication and society : a global perspective ; a project of the Annenberg Research Network on international communication / Manuel Castells . . . [et al]. p. cm. ~ (The information revolution & global politics) Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0-262-03355-0 (alk. paper) 1. Communication-Social aspects. 2. Mobile communication systems-Social aspects. 3. Information technology-Social aspects. I. Castells, Manuel. IL. Series. HM1206.M62_ 2006 303.48°33-de22 2006044970 10987654321 Contents List of Figures vii List of Tables ix Acknowledgments xi Opening: Our Networks, Our Lives 1 1. The Diffusion of Wireless Communication in the World 7 2 The Social Differentiation of Wireless Communication Users: Age, Gender, Ethnicity, and Socioeconomic Status 39 Communication and Mobility in Everyday Life 77 The Mobile Youth Culture 127 3 4 5 The Space of Flows, Timeless Time, and Mobile Networks 171 6 The Language of Wireless Communication 179 7 The Mobile Civil Society: Social Movements, Political Power, and Communication Networks 185 8 Wireless Communication and Global Development: New Issues, New Strategies 215 Conclusion: The Mobile Network Society 245 Notes 259 References 273 Index 323