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NOMENCLATURE

A total cross sectional area of the separator.


Aw cross sectional area of the separator occupied by water, f 2
Ao cross sectional area of the separator occupied by oil, f 2
Ag cross sectional area of the separator occupied by gas, f 2
CD drag coefficient
d vessel internal diameter, in.
dm bubble or drop diameter, μm
D vessel diameter, f
h liquid height, in.
hg gas-phase space height, in.
ho oil pad height, in.
hw water pad height, in.
K mesh capacity factor, f/sec
Leff or L effective length of the vessel where separation occurs, f
Lss or Ls seam-to-seam vessel length, f
NLL normal liquid level, %
P operating pressure, psia
Qc continuous liquid-phase flow rate, bbl/day
Qg gas flow rate, MMSCFD or f3/s
Qo oil flow rate, bbl/day
W or Qw water flow rate, bbl/day
Re Reynolds number
T operating temperature, °R
V liquid settling volume
Va max. allowable velocity through secondary separation section
Vm velocity of the mixture, m/s
Z gas compressibility
μc continuous phase dynamic viscosity, cp
μw water dynamic viscosity, cP
ρ density, lbm/f3
ρg gas density, lbm/f3
ρl liquid density, lbm/f3
ρo oil density, lbm/f3
ρm mean density of mixture, kg/m3
ρw water density, lbm/f3
STANDARD SEPARATOR SIZES AS PER API
D [in] x H or L [ft]
12¾ in x 5 f
12¾ in x 7½ f
12¾ in x 10 f

16 in x 5 f
16 in x 7½ f
16 in x 10 f

20 in x 5 f
20 in x 7½ f
20 in x 10 f

24 in x 5 f
24 in x 7½ f
24 in x 10 f

30 in x 5 f
30 in x 7½ f
30 in x 10 f

36 in x 5 f
36 in x 7½ f
36 in x 10 f
36 in x 15 f

42 in x 7½ f
42 in x 10 f
42 in x 15 f

48 in x 7½ f
48 in x 10 f
48 in x 15 f

54 in x 7½ f
54 in x 10 f
54 in x 15 f

60 in x 7½ f
60 in x 10 f
60 in x 15 f
Two Phase (Gas - Oil) Vertical Separator: As per "Petroleum and Gas Field Proces
Hussein K. Abdel-Aal, Mohamed Aggour, M. A. Fahim"

INPUT PARAMETERS SCHEMATIC


Qg 0.213388 mmscfd Gas rate
Qo 2.2665 bbl/d Oil rate

Yellow boxes are input boxes.


γ 0.71 Gas specific gravity
ρ'o 9.0 oAPI Oil density
γo 1.01 Oil specific gravity
P 15.28 psia Operating pressure
T' 73.4 oF Operating temperature
T 533 oR Operating temperature
t 3 minutes Retention time (Refer Table 1)
Z 0.9976 Gas compressibility
µg 1.16E-02 cP Gas viscosity
dm 140 Micron Smallest oil droplet size to be removed

CALCULATIONS EQUATIONS
Step 1: Determine gas and oil properties
ρg 0.1 lb/f3 Gas operating density
ρo 62.8 lb/f3 Oil operating density

Step 2: Determine Cd
Cd 5.00 Assume Drag coefficient
u 2.12 f/s Settling velocity of oil droplet
Re 7 Reynolds no.
Cd 4.94
Use goal seek to get error zero, by changing
Error 0.00 asssumed Cd
Click me

Step 3: Check for gas capacity constraint


D 2
210 in2
Minimum allowable vessel diameter for
Dmin 14.5 in separation of oil droplets down to 140
micron

Step 4: Check for liquid capacity constraint


DH 2
58.23772
H = Height of oil column

Try different combinations of D.


TABLE 1
D, in H, in Ls, ft SR
12 0.4 6.4 6.4
16 0.2 6.4 4.8
20 0.1 6.3 3.8
24 0.1 6.3 3.2
30 0.1 6.3 2.5 TABLE 2 (Ref. API 12J)
36 0.0 6.3 2.1 Oil Gravities
42 0.0 6.8 2.0 Above 35 oAPI
48 0.0 7.3 1.8 20 to 30 oAPI
54 0.0 7.8 1.7 10 to 20 oAPI
60 0.0 8.3 1.7
66 0.0 8.8 1.6

Ls 6.3 ft Seam to seam length (select from Table 1)


SR 3.8 Slenderness ratio (typical value 3 to 4) (select from Table 1)
D 20.0 in Separator diameter (select from Table 1)

NOTES
1. As per GPSA, typical vertical H/D ratios are normally in the 2 to 4 range.
Gas Field Processing -
ahim"

SCHEMATIC
PI 12J)
Retention time,
minutes (Typical)
1
1 to 2
2 to 4
Two Phase Seperator for WELL ST-23

Sizing a Vertical Separator


Formulas
Parameters Value Units
Diagram
Qg (Gas Flow) 283.16 MMscfd
Density g 4.61E-02 lb/f3
QL (Liquid Flow) 150.96 bpd
Density L 68.670757 lb/f3
Operating Pressure 339.388306 psia
Operating temperature 104 o
F
Operating temperature 564 R
1. Calculate CD

Density L (ρL) 68.670757 lb/f3


Z 0.9979
Density g (ρg) 4.61E-02 lb/f3
Density g (ρg)
Dm (Drop Dia) 140 micron
Viscosity of gas 1.16E-02 cp

Assume CD 0.34 Terminal Velocity


vt 9.31
Re 25.51
CD 1.87
Repeat Using CD 1.95
vt 3.89 Renold Number
Re 10.66
CD 3.51
Repeat Using CD 3.67
vt 2.84
Re 7.77 Drag Coefficent
CD 4.51
Repeat Using CD 4.72
vt 2.50
Re 6.85 Diameter
CD 4.99
Repeat Using CD 5.23
vt 2.38
Re 6.51
CD 5.21
Repeat Using CD 5.45
vt 2.33
Re 6.37
CD 5.30
Two Phase Seperator for WELL ST-23

Repeat Using CD 5.55


vt 2.31
Re 6.31
CD 5.34
Repeat Using CD 5.6
vt 2.3
Re 6.3
CD 5.4 OK
2. Gas Capacity Constraint
d2 11997.10
d (Diameter) 109.53 inch
9.13 f
L/D ratio 4
H = L/D
Length 36.51042323 ft

Retention Time 3 min


Hieght of Liquid in seperator 0.31 in

Standard Size as per API we select


D [in] x H or L [ft]
16 in x 5 f
Two Phase Seperator for WELL ST-23

Sizing a Vertical Separator


Formulas
Parameters Value Units
Diagram
Qg (Gas Flow) 283.16 MMscfd
Density g 4.61E-02 lb/f3
QL (Liquid Flow) 150.96 bpd
Density L 68.67076 lb/f3
Operating Pressure 800.6083 psia
Operating temperature 104 o
F
Operating temperature 564 R
1. Calculate CD

Density L (ρL) 68.67076 lb/f3


Z 0.9979
Density g (ρg) 4.61E-02 lb/f3
Density g (ρg)
Dm (Drop Dia) 140 micron
Viscosity of gas 1.16E-02 cp

Assume CD 0.34 Terminal Velocity


vt 9.32
Re 25.49
CD 1.88
Repeat Using CD 1.95
vt 3.89 Renold Number
Re 10.65
CD 3.51
Repeat Using CD 3.67
vt 2.84
Re 7.76 Drag Coefficent
CD 4.51
Repeat Using CD 4.72
vt 2.50
Re 6.84 Diameter
CD 4.99
Repeat Using CD 5.23
vt 2.38
Re 6.50
CD 5.21
Repeat Using CD 5.45
vt 2.33
Re 6.36
CD 5.30
Two Phase Seperator for WELL ST-23

Repeat Using CD 5.55


vt 2.31
Re 6.31
CD 5.34
Repeat Using CD 5.6
vt 2.3
Re 6.3
CD 5.4 OK
2. Gas Capacity Constraint
d2 5083.70
d (Diameter) 71.30 inch
5.94 f
L/D ratio 4
H = L/D
Length 23.76669107 ft

Retention Time 3 min


Hieght of Liquid in seperator 0.74 in

Standard Size as per API we select


D [in] x H or L [ft]
16 in x 5 f
Two Phase Seperator for WELL ST-23

Sizing a Vertical Separator


Formulas
Parameters Value Units
Diagram
Qg (Gas Flow) 159.28 MMscfd
Density g 4.56E-02 lb/f3
QL (Liquid Flow) 905.73 bpd
Density L 68.67076 lb/f3
Operating Pressure 118.9309 psia
Operating temperature 113 o
F
Operating temperature 573 R
1. Calculate CD

Density L (ρL) 68.67076 lb/f3


Z 0.9979
Density g (ρg) 4.56E-02 lb/f3
Density g (ρg)
Dm (Drop Dia) 140 micron
Viscosity of gas 1.16E-02 cp

Assume CD 0.34 Terminal Velocity


vt 9.37
Re 25.35
CD 1.88
Repeat Using CD 1.95
vt 3.92 Renold Number
Re 10.60
CD 3.53
Repeat Using CD 3.67
vt 2.85
Re 7.72 Drag Coefficent
CD 4.53
Repeat Using CD 4.72
vt 2.52
Re 6.81 Diameter
CD 5.02
Repeat Using CD 5.23
vt 2.39
Re 6.47
CD 5.23
Repeat Using CD 5.45
vt 2.34
Re 6.33
CD 5.32
Two Phase Seperator for WELL ST-23

Repeat Using CD 5.55


vt 2.32
Re 6.27
CD 5.36
Repeat Using CD 5.6
vt 2.3
Re 6.3
CD 5.4 OK
2. Gas Capacity Constraint
d2 19494.74
d (Diameter) 139.62 inch
11.64 f
L/D ratio 4
H = L/D
Length 46.54119152 ft

Retention Time 3 min


Hieght of Liquid in seperator 1.16 in

Standard Size as per API we select


D [in] x H or L [ft]
16 in x 5 f