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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Contents

Introduction ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 3

Step By Step ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4

Lesson 1 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------6

Lesson 2 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------16

Lesson 3 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------26

Lesson 4 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------36

Lesson 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------43

Lesson 6 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------48

Lesson 7 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------55

Lesson 8 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------60

Lesson 9 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------65

Lesson 10 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------71

Lesson 11 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------76

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever
believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.

John 3:16

NÃO PULE A INTRODUCTION E O STEP BY STEP

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Introduction

— Welcome Newbie!(Nulbi)

Hey, what’s up! My name is Bob, the book! How are


you?

(Aposto que não está entendendo uma palavra


sequer, não é mesmo?)

Bom, como posso começar?

When I was a kid, I always wanted to be a...

Ops, sempre me esqueço que você ainda é novo por aqui, tentarei não falar
inglês com você por enquanto, só que não! (risos)

O que você tem em suas mãos não é um simple book, eu, Mr.Bob, sou uma
masterpiece, ou como você gosta de falar, uma obra-prima.

Look, tenho special plans para você ! MUAHAHA!!

OK, sem o “MUAHAHA!!”, isso faz com que tudo pareça um plano bem dark
and evil...

Voltando na parte de me ter em suas mãos, eu sou um dos melhores, quem


sabe até mesmo O MELHOR livro para se aprender a língua inglesa, you’ll
understand.

Se você seguir os passos corretamente e da forma exata que estou orientando,


poderemos, sim, nós dois, conquistar e dominar o planeta terra e,talvez, quem
sabe, durante a dominação aprender inglês.

Me parece a good Idea! Durante nossos encontros eu contarei ,com maiores


detalhes, meus planos.

Por agora é só, não perca tempo e vá logo para a área de aprendizagem (Step
by Step).

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

StepByStep

— Olha quem já está aqui, soube até virar a página! Isso aí! #nopainnogain

Aparentemente, o meu autor quer falar algumas, POUCAS, palavras com você.

—Thank you, Bob! Não serão poucas, então vá tomar um ar!

É bom tê-lo aqui, novato! Quero que entenda que este livro reúne anos de
pesquisas aprofundadas sobre o inglês.
Não perca a oportunidade de aprender estes ensinamentos e colocá-los em
prática!

Este livro é o primeiro livro da série “INGLÊS HARDCORE”, por isso se chama
“INGLÊS HARDCORE –B1-“

Este inglês não é para fracos ou para pessoas que desistem, você precisará de
muita disciplina se quiser aprender o idioma. Aprender inglês é fácil!

Declare isso:

“Eu aprendo inglês facilmente”

“Eu tenho sucesso”

“Eu sou um vencedor”

Em inglês, é claro!

“I CAN EASILY LEARN ENGLISH” – (Ai quén izili lãrn ínglich)

“I AM SUCCESSFUL” – (Ai ém sãccésful)

“I AM A WINNER” – (Ai ém a uíner)

Quando a primeira dificuldade no aprendizado vier, não abaixe a cabeça,


encare o desafio! Dê 120% de esforço!

Quando você estiver cansado, esgotado, é neste exato momento que é a hora
de você conquistar o que deseja!

Você não é medíocre e é por isso que vai dar 120% do seu esforço durante as
aulas e durante os seus estudos em casa.

Sem mais delongas, vamos para o que interessa...

Inglês, Baby!

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Fique com o Bob e entre logo na Lesson 1!

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Lesson
1
“I have got a dream that’s worth more than my sleep”

ERIC THOMAS

ello! Let’s start!

H Vamos começar por algo simples, precisamos começar por algum


lugar anyway!

Apresento a você meu plano de domina... Quero dizer...

Apresento a você,THE ALPHABET!

Hmmm, quer dizer que você já aprendeu algo?!

Mission Time então!

Mission 1. Leia The Alphabet com um pencil em sua boca.

Mission 2. Recite The Alphabet com um class-mate, revezando as letras.

Very Good! Keep it going!

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Exercises

1.Escreva abaixo as vowels.

R:_____________________________________________________________

2.Escreva abaixo as consonants.

R:_____________________________________________________________
_______________________________

3.

a. A qual letra do alfabeto "tea"(ti) pode ter a pronúncia semelhante?

_______________________________________

b. A qual letra do alfabeto "pie"(pai) pode ter a pronúncia semelhante?

______________________________________

Memorize a fonética das letras do Alphabet.

—“Só isso de HomeWork, Bob?”

NÃO, isso é só o começo de uma longa e linda


jornada no mundo dos HomeWorks! Muahahahaha

—Nice! Aparentemente, você não é mais tão novato.

Cool, agora você sabe The Alphabet, o seu teacher


deve até ter cantado e feito você cantar uma música
infantil na aula! Acertei, não é? (risos)

Fique tranqüilo, já passei por isso também! Na verdade nunca passei, só quis
fazer com que se sentisse melhor, acho que estraguei tudo, mas deixe estar!!

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

GREETINGS AND INTRODUCTIONS

V
ery, very good! Meu(minha) padawan! (Você já ter idade suficiente para
ter assistido STAR WARS e ter entendido a referência)

Bom, vamos para o que interessa! This time nós vamos aprender
diversos cumprimentos que devem ser memorizados, isso mesmo,
memorizados, sem choro!!

Let’s GO!

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Dialogue

Pronounciation

A: -Hi! A: -Rai!

B: -Hello! B: -Rélou!
Dddddd
A: -What’s your name? A: -Uáts iór neime?

B: -My name is ________, what’s your B: -Mai neime is_________,uáts iór


name? neime?

A: -I’m ____________. A: -Aim _____________.

B: -How are you, _____________? B: -Ral ar iú_____________?

A: -I’m fine, thank you! A: -Aim faine, sénc iú!

B: -Where are you from? B: -Uér ar iú fróm?

A: - I’m from Osasco City! A:Aim from Osasco Siri!


Tchutchatchatchutchutcha!! And you? Tchutchatchatchutchutcha!! Énd iú?

B: -I am from Caracas City! B: -Aim from Caracas Siri!

A: -Oh! Really??! A: -Ou! Rrili??!

B: -Yeah!!! B: -Yeah!!!

A: -That’s awesome! We should go out A: -Dáts ósom! Uí chud gou óut


sometime! sãmtaime!

B:-Definetely! But now I need to go! B:- Définetly! Bãt nóu ai nid tu gou!
A: - No problem! Nice to meet you! A: - Nou próblem! Naice tu mi tiú!

B:- Nice to meet you too, “parça”! B: - Naice tu mit iú tu, “parça”!

A: - Bye bye! A: - Bai Bai!

B: - Bye! B: - Bai!

*Read the dialogue with your pair!

ddddddddd

hkj 9
Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

-Very Good, my friend! Now, com o auxílio do seu dicionário, você irá traduzir
o dialogue. Não perca tempo e embarque neste navio da diversão!

A: _____________

B: _____________

A: _____________________________

B: ________________________________________________________

A:______________________________________

B: _______________________________________

A: _______________________________________

B: _______________________________________

A: ________________________________________________________

B: _______________________________________

A: _________________________

B: _____________

A: ________________________________________________________

B: _______________________________________________
A: _______________________________________________
B: ________________________________________________

A: ___________

B: ________

-Foi muito beautiful vê-lo traduzindo este diálogo!

Você sabia que o Planeta Terra possui, aproximadamente, 4,5 bilhões de anos
e que seu diâmetro equatorial é de 12.103km?

Você não se esqueceu de nossos special plans, não é?

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

PRONOUNS

- Ok! Você mostrou que não está aqui para brincadeira, pegou seu dicionário e
traduziu com empenho aquele diálogo. Congratulations!

Vamosver se YOU CAN HANDLE THE PRESSURE.MUAHAHAHA!

(HandleThe Pressure = Aguentar a Pressão)

~Pronoun é a classe de palavras que substitui o substantivo (nome). Tem


a finalidade de indicar a pessoa do discurso ou situar no tempo e espaço,
sem utilizar o seu nome~

Eu ----------------------- I(Ai)

Tu-----------------------You(Iú)

Ele----------------------He(Rí)

Ela----------------------She(Xí)

Ele\Ela (Coisas)------It(Ít)

Nós---------------------We (Uí)

Vós---------------------- You (Iú)

Eles e Elas------------- They(Zei)

Examples:

I have a dog. --------------------------Eu tenho um cachorro.

She is fine.------------------------------Ela está bem.

We love books.-------------------------Nós amamos livros.

-Vamos fazer alguns exercises!

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Exercises

1.Use the correct personal pronouns. Watch the words in brackets.

Example:

often reads books. (Lisa)

Answer:

often reads books.

1. is dreaming. (George)
2. is green. (the blackboard)
3. are on the wall. (the posters)
4. is running. (the dog)
5. are watching TV. (my mother and I)
6. are in the garden. (the flowers)
7. is riding his bike. (Tom)
8. is from Bristol. (Victoria)
9. has got a brother. (Diana)
10. Have got a computer, Mandy?

Create 8 new sentences with the personal pronouns.

1._____________________________________________________________

2._____________________________________________________________

3._____________________________________________________________

4._____________________________________________________________

5._____________________________________________________________

6._____________________________________________________________

7._____________________________________________________________

8._____________________________________________________________

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Monday: Traduza o texto abaixo

Tracy looked at the flag. The flag is red, white, and blue. It has 50 white stars.
The white stars are on a blue square. The flag has six white stripes. It has
seven red stripes. All the stripes are horizontal. They are not vertical. The
stripes do not go up and down. They go from left to right. Tracy loves her flag. It
is the flag of her country. It is a pretty flag. No other flag has 50 stars. No other
flag has 13 stripes.

_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________

Tuesday: Traduza o texto abaixo

Norma went to bed. It was eleven o'clock. She turned out the light. She lay in
bed. It was dark. It was quiet. She couldn't sleep. She closed her eyes. She
tried to sleep, but she couldn't. She turned the light back on. She opened her
book. She started to read her book. It was a good book. She read one page.
Then she read another page. After a while, she felt sleepy. She closed the
book. She turned out the light. She closed her eyes. She went straight to sleep.

_______________________________________________________________
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_______________________________________________________________
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_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Wednesday: Traduza o texto abaixo

Fay went into the bathroom. She turned on the cold water. She turned on the
hot water. Warm water came out of the faucet. She put her hands under the
warm water. She rubbed her hands together. She picked up a bar of white
soap. She rubbed the soap with her hands. She put the soap back. She washed
her hands for half a minute. Then she rinsed her hands with the water. She
turned off the hot water. She turned off the cold water. She dried her hands with
a towel.

_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________

Thursday: Traduza o texto abaixo

Richard is a light eater. He doesn't eat much. He isn't a heavy eater. He eats a
light breakfast, a light lunch, and a light dinner. Richard is not fat. He is thin. He
will always be thin, because he is a light eater. He eats a bowl of cereal for
breakfast. He eats a bowl of cereal with milk. He eats a sandwich for lunch.
Sometimes it's a fish sandwich. He likes fish. He eats rice and vegetables for
dinner. All he eats for dinner is rice and vegetables. He will never get fat.

_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Friday: Traduza o texto abaixo

Jimmy dropped a piece of paper on the floor. He bent over and picked it up. He
folded the piece of paper in two. He put it on the table. He picked up a pencil.
He wrote a phone number on the piece of paper. He put the pencil on the table.
He picked up the scissors. He picked up the piece of paper. He cut the paper in
half. He put one-half of the paper on the table. He put the other half with the
phone number in his shirt pocket. He put the scissors on the table.

_______________________________________________________________
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_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

P.S.: Realize tudo o que for pedido! Faça com todo seu esforço!

Remember, 120%!

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Lesson
2

“When you want to succeed as bad as you want to breathe, you will
be successful.”
ERIC THOMAS

H
ello, how are you?

Bom vê-lo novamente aqui! Espero que esteja gostando do


desafio. Aprender inglês é fácil, muitas vezes o maior desafio é
separar um tempo do seu dia para se dedicar ao estudo. Sei que
muitas vezes você está cansado, mas não fique abatido, coloque
um sorriso no rosto. Isso fará seu espírito descansar e levará os raios da
felicidade à sua alma!

Well, sem mais delongas, vamos começar a English Class de hoje.

Bons estudos!

Lastclass nós aprendemos o que são PRONOUNS, today iremos adicionar algo
que algumas pessoas tem um pouco de medo, só de ouvirem falar já ficam
arrepiados! O que será este “algo”, Maoee?

Vamos para o que interessa, Verb to Be:

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Bom, o Verb to Be ou como costumam chamar, o Verbo “Tóbi” significa, em


português, ser e estar. Sim! Dois significados para uma única palavra, isso
facilita muitas coisas, não é mesmo?

Mostrarei alguns exemplos agora:

Richard is my friend. (Ricardo é meu amigo.)

I am Italian. (Eu sou Italiano.)

I'm from Spain. (Eu sou da Espanha.)

It is a computer. (Isto é um computador.)

Existem as contractions, que fazem com que o idioma fique mais rápido de ser
falado, veja:

Quando aprendemos uma segunda língua é comum fazermos um


paralelo com a nossa língua materna e em muitos casos isso
pode ajudar no aprendizado. Porém, existem situações em que
não podemos fazer esse paralelo, e o uso das contrações
(contractions) é uma delas, já que não é algo que existe na língua
portuguesa.

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

O Verb To Be na negative form:

A fórmula da negative form é simples:

Pronoun + Verb + Not + Noun (Substantivo)

*Assim como na affirmative form, a negative form também possui contractions.

- Isso aí, meu jovem jubileu! Está conseguindo acompanhar todo este frenesi?
HÁ –HÁ –HÁ!

Quando você pensa que sumi, é neste momento que estou mais próximo de
você. MUAHAHAHA! (Essas risadas são muito escandalosas, tenho que parar
com isso, mas é tão divertido. Bob, PARE! Tudo bem, tudo bem... É muito
estranho conversar comigo mesmo? )

Anyway,não quero atrapalhá-lo. Bons estudos, Boss!

Continuando, temos também o Verbto Be na interrogative form:

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Olhando desta forma, o Verb to Be fica mais fácil de ser compreendido, não é
mesmo?

Vamos fazer alguns exercises!

Exercises

1. Fill in the blanks with the right subject / personal pronouns (I, you, he, she, it,
we, they):

1. Angelina Joli is American. isn't French.


2. Brad Pitt is American, too. isn't German.
3. Brad and Angelina aren't French. are American.
4. My friend and I are high school students. aren't primary school
students.
5. The Statue of Liberty is in New York. isn't in Washington.

2. Fill in the blanks with the right form of to be ( am, are or is):

1. you the new student?


2. Yes, I .
3. Leila and Nancy students.
4. Nancy Australian .
5. My sister and I students.
6. The girls tired.
7. Thesewomen beautiful.
8. The tea delicious.
9. Nadia and Leila friends.
10. The newspaper cheap.

3.Traduza as frases do exercício anterior.

Exercise 1

1.__________________________________________________

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

2.__________________________________________________

3.__________________________________________________

4.__________________________________________________

5.__________________________________________________

Exercise 2

1.__________________________________________________

2.__________________________________________________

3.__________________________________________________

4.__________________________________________________

5.__________________________________________________

6.__________________________________________________

7.__________________________________________________

8.__________________________________________________

9.__________________________________________________

10.__________________________________________________

Sem enrolação, pois não temos tempo a perder!

Vamos para o próximo subject.

Vamos falar sobre as colors!

COLORS

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

*Para dizer que uma cor é clara, basta colocar a palavra light em sua frente.

Exemplo:

Azul Claro................ LIGHT Blue

Verde Claro.............. LIGHT Green

*Para dizer que uma cor é escura, basta colocar a palavra dark em sua frente.

Exemplo:

Azul Escuro............... DARK Blue

Vamos fazer um exercise para gravar toda essa idéia!

-Keep on pushing, buddy!

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

CARDINAL NUMBERS

Seu repertório relacionado ao inglês está crescendo.

A melhor parte é que essa é só a segunda lição, temos muito o que aprender
ainda! Vamos ver os CARDINAL NUMBERS agora!

*Os números de 13 à 19 possuem a terminação –teen. (Estes são os números


adolescentes)

*Os números de 20 à 99 possuem a terminação –ty.

Para formarmos estes números é simples.

Exemplo:

Quarenta e seis .................. FORTY SIX

Cinquenta e sete ................. FIFTY SEVEN

Oitenta e oito ....................... EIGHTY EIGHT

1. Em inglês, o 0 (zero) pode dizer-se zero ou oh. Ex: 9067 = "nine-zero-six-


seven" ou "nine oh-six-seven".

2. Quando se trata de um número de telefone, caso se repitam dois números


(um a seguir ao outro), utiliza-se a palavra double (dábl) seguida do número.
Ex: 555-3882 = five-five-five,three-double-eight-two.

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Exercises

1.Escreva abaixo seu número de telefone por extenso:

________________________________________________

2.Escreva por extenso o resultado destas contas:

a) 8 x 2 = ______________________________________________

b) 3 + 23 = _____________________________________________

c) 5 x 10= _____________________________________________

d) 60 + 5 = _____________________________________________

e)50 + 23 = ____________________________________________

f) 70 – 11 = ____________________________________________

g) 10 + 23 = ____________________________________________

h) 45 – 12 = ____________________________________________

i) 20 x 3 = ______________________________________________

j) 35 – 23 = _____________________________________________

Por hoje é só!

Monday: Translation

It is Lily's birthday. She gets out of bed. Nobody says anything to her. Her mom
takes her to school. Her friends do not say anything. The teacher does not say
anything. Lily is sad. Lily walks home alone. She opens the door. Her friends
and family are holding a cake. They say, "Surprise Lily!"

__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

Tuesday: Translation

Haley feels hot. Her mom touches her forehead. Haley has a fever. The mom
takes Haley to a doctor. The doctor is kind. He gives her a sticker. He tells her
to take a pill. He tells her to drink a lot of water. Haley goes home. She takes
the pill and drinks water. She does this for three days. She is healthy again.

__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

Wednesday: Translation

Sara is hungry. She goes to the kitchen. She opens the cabinet. There are a lot
of snacks. The marshmallows are too sweet. The potato chips are too salty. The
ice cream is too watery. The kiwis are too sour. The cereal is too bland. Her dad
comes home. He gives her crackers. The crackers are perfect.

__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Thursday: Translation

Jill does not like math. Jill starts talking about food. Her friends laugh. They stop
doing their homework. The teacher is upset. She tells them to stand in the
corner. Jill goes to the corner. It is hard to be quiet. She thinks about her family.
She thinks about her dog. Five minutes pass. The teacher lets her go.

__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

Friday: Translation

Sometimes it ain’t about being the most talented. Sometimes it ain’t about being
the smartest. Sometimes it’s not even about working the hardest. Sometimes
it’s about consistency! Consistency!

If you’re not where you are. If you’re not where you want to be. If you don’t have
what you want, want to have. If you’re not where you think you should be at this
particular place. It has nothing to do with the system, but it has everything to do
with the fact that you’re not making the sacrifice.

__________________________________________________________
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__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

-Very Good! Você está atingindo pontos mais altos no inglês!

Não deixe absolutamente nada te parar!

Você é UNSTOPPABLE!

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Lesson
3

And know that I am with you always; yes, to the end of time.

Jesus Christ

É muito bom ver que você sempre está aqui, nunca para de
estudar! COISA LINDA DE VER! Estou impressionado e surpreso...
Não que eu tenha achado que você não poderia se empenhar
assim... Não, claro que não. HE – HE
Let’s start with a conversation! (In pairs)- WARM UP!

A: What are you doing tonight? What are you (whaddaya)

B: I don’t know yet. I think I don’t know ( Idunno)


I’m going to just stay home. going to (gonna)

A: Want to go to a movie? want to (wanna)

B: I’m kind of tired. I‘ve got to get kind of (kinda)


up early tomorrow. got to (gotta)

A: Did you go out last night? Did you? (Joo?)

B: Yeah, I shouldn’t have gone to shouldn’t have (shouldna)


bed so late. I would’ve had a lot would have (woulda)
more energy today.

A: Why don’t you just take it easy


then, and we’ll go out some other don’t you (doncha)
time.

B: Okay, let me know when you’re let me (lemme)


free again. See you! you (ya)

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

ORDINAL NUMBERS

Continuando o assunto dos numbers, vamos dar uma olhada nos números que
acabam com a bagunça e colocam as coisas em seus devidos locais.

Os Ordinal Numbers indicam a ordem ou lugar do ser numa determinada


série. À exceção de first (primeiro), second (segundo), third (terceiro) e os
números que os contém em sua grafia, os números ordinais são formados com
a adição do sufixo -th.

Na grafia da abreviação, as duas últimas letras podem ser elevadas:

Quando lemos ou escrevemos por extenso os números ordinais em


português, tanto na dezena quanto na centena e no milhar, todos os
algarismos vão para a forma ordinal. No inglês, no entanto, apenas o último
algarismo vai para a forma ordinal:

21º - vigésimo primeiro = 21st - twenty-first

72º - septuagésimo segundo = 72nd - seventy-second

167º - centesimo sexagésimo sétimo = 167th - one hundred and sixty-seventh

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Repare que, nos números ordinais acima de 100, o uso da conjunção and
segue as mesmas regras dos cardinais:

205th – two hundred and fifth

440th – four hundred and fortieth

Números Ordinais em datas - Ordinal Numbers in dates:

Uma mesma data pode ser expressa de diversas maneiras. Por exemplo, a
data 13 de maio pode ser escrita das seguintes formas: May 13 / May 13th / 13
May / 13th May.

O modo como se fala é geralmente May the thirteenth ouThe thirteen of May.
Entretanto, no inglês americano, também é possível dizer May thirteen.

-Exercise time!

1.O número 34º, em inglês, 2. O número 12º, em inglês,


seria: seria:
a) Twelveth
a) Thirty-fourth b) Tenth-two
b) Thirth-four c) Twelfth
c) Three-fourth d) Two-tenth
d) Thirteen-fourth e) Dozenth
e) thirty-fort

3. O número 12º, em inglês, 4. A abreviatura de THIRTY-


seria: FIRST seria:

a) Twelveth a) 31rd

b) Tenth-two b) 31th

c) Twelfth c) 31st

d) Two-tenth d) 13st

e) Dozenth e) 13rd

5. Selecione a palavra que


completa a sequência: third,
fifth, seventh,...
a) ninth
b) eighth
c) eleventh
d) sixth
e) tenth

28
Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Já vimos algumas frases muito utilizadas em conversações, veremos mais


algumas neste momento:

• Te vejo amanhã.

See you tomorrow. / See ya tomorrow.

• O show é tipo, legal, sabe.

The show is kind of cool, you know. / The show is kinda cool, ya know.

• Eu não sei o que fazer.

I don’t know what to do. / I dunno what to do.

• Você entende?

Do you understand? / D’you understand?

• Quer um cachorro-quente?

Do you want a hot dog? / D’you wanna hot dog? / Wanna hot dog?

• Querirao cinema?

Do you want to go to the movies? / D’you wanna go to the movies? /


Wanna go to the movies?

• Eu vou tomar um banho.

I’m going to have a shower. / I’m gonna have a shower.

• Eu tenho que ir.

I’ve got to go. / I gotta go.

• Eu tenho que trabalhar.

I have to work. / I hafta work.

• Dá um tempo!

Give me a break! / Gimme a break!

• Deixe-me ver.

Let me see. / Lemme see.

• Isso é um monte de dinheiro.

That’s a lot of money. / That’s a lotta money.

29
Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

*É importante que você memorize todas estas frases, prova oral na próx.

VERB TO HAVE

Os verbos na língua inglesa se comportam da mesma maneira. Se você


compreendeu o funcionamento do Verb to Be, também entenderá o Verb to
Have. Have significa ter.

Vejamos:

Para cada pronoun temos uma conjugação específica do VERB TO HAVE.

Negative Form:

Assim como no Verb to Be, para colocar na negative form basta adicionar o not
após o verbo.

Haven’t = Have NOT

Hasn’t = Has Not

Na próxima página veremos a interrogative form!

30
Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Interrogative Form:

Forma interrogativa é muito simples de ser feita, é só colocar o verb na frente


do pronoun.

Aí está, este é o Verb to Have. Não é tão monstruoso quanto você pensou,
não é? HÁ –HÁ

Exercises

31
Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

A.Traduza as 10 primeiras frases do exercício anterior.

1.______________________________________________________________

2.______________________________________________________________

3. _____________________________________________________________

4.______________________________________________________________

5.______________________________________________________________

6.______________________________________________________________

7.______________________________________________________________

8.______________________________________________________________

9.______________________________________________________________

10._____________________________________________________________

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Monday: Traduza o texto abaixo

She has to be awake for the whole night. She cannot sleep. She decides to buy
coffee. Coffee helps people stay awake. She buys four cups of coffee. There
are four different flavors. She adds two pack of sugar in each cup. She takes a
sip of coffee. It is hot and good.

_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________

Tuesday: Traduza o texto abaixo

He buys a present for his girlfriend. It is her favorite book. He gets wrapping
paper. He puts the book on top of the paper. He folds the paper. He tapes the
paper down. He writes her name on it. He puts a bow on the wrapped book. He
puts the present in a gift bag.

_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Wednesday: Traduza o texto abaixo

Kate looks at the magazine. The magazine cover has a pretty girl. She has
long hair. She has big, blue eyes. Her skin looks nice. She is a fashion model.
Kate opens up the magazine. She flips to pages where the model is. She reads
about the model. She wishes she could be her.

_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________

Thursday: Traduza o texto abaixo

He loves a girl. He loves how she talks. He loves how she walks. He thinks she
is pretty. He thinks she is smart. She is perfect. She does not know he loves
her. He asks her out. She says no. He is sad. He still loves her. He will ask her
out again.

_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Friday: Traduza o texto abaixo

Tim gets down on one knee. He looks into Shirley's eyes. He asks, "Will you
marry me?" Shirley cries. Shirley nods her head. Tim and Shirley hug. People
around them clap. Tim and Shirley call all their friends and family. Tim's mom
does not like Shirley. Tim does not care.

_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________

-Great! Você tem mandado muito bem! Em tão pouco tempo conseguiu aprender
tantos conceitos!!! Meus parabéns!

Agora chega de bajulação!

Espero que suas metas estejam traçadas, você precisa saber onde está e onde
quer chegar no Inglês! Coloque suas metas em um lugar onde você possa vê-las
quando for dormir e quando acordar!

Ame o processo de aprendizado!

35
Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Lesson
4

A new command I give you: Love one another. As I have loved


you, so you must love one another.

Jesus Christ
Vamos aprender os meses do ano agora. Fique atento!

MONTHS OF THE YEAR

É bom começar sabendo o formato das datas em inglês. Os americanos


colocam o mês antes do dia: January, 1st (repare que o dia vem em número
ordinal em inglês). Já os britânicos e australianos colocam a data como nós,
com o dia na frente. E ambos grafam todos os meses com a primeira letra
em MAIÚSCULO.

36
Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Exercise

Ok, very good!

You’re awesome!

37
Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

DAYS OF THE WEEK

Estes são os DAYS OF THE WEEK:

Os dias da semana são chamados de weekdays e o final de semana é


chamado de weekend.

Outra curiosidade é que os dias úteis são chamados de business days.

Assim como no caso dos meses, os DAYS OF THE WEEK também são
grafados com a primeira letra em maiúsculo.

Ao se referir a um dia da semana, usamos a preposição "on", sem o "the":

Veja alguns exemplos:

I go to church on Sundays. / Eu vou à igreja aos domingos.

38
Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

I don't work on Saturdays. / Eu não trabalho aos sábados.

I have English classes on Monday. / Eu tenho aulas de inglês na segunda-feira.

Unscramble and write the number.

Exercise

1.Unscramble the words.

Example:

U S Y T E A D: Tuesday

A F R Y I D: ______________

U A N Y D S: ________________

A Y W D E D E N S: _______________________

N A D Y O M: __________________

T S A R U Y A D: _______________________

R H U D A T S Y: _________________________

S E Y U T D A: _______________________

QUICK DIALOGUE TIME (READ WITH YOUR PAIR)

A: Hello, my friend! How are you? A:Rélou, mai friend! Róu ar iú?

B: I’m fine, thanks and you? B: Aim faine, séncs énd iú?

A: I’m ok! Hey, I need your help A:Aim ok! Rei, Ai nid iór rélp uif
with something. sãmfing.

B: All right. Tell me. B:Ól rait. Téll mi.

A: I have to choose a color for my A: Ai rév tu tchuz a cólor for mai


tie. Red or blue? What do you tai. Réd ór blul? Uát du iú finc?
think?
B: Ai prifãr blul, bãt iú luc gúd wifr
B: I prefer blue, but you look éd.
good with red.
A:Hmm. Aill guét dã réd tai.
A: Hmm. I’ll get the red tie. Thank Sénciú!
you!

39
Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

1. Leiam atentamente os diálogos 1 e 2 e respondam as perguntas que


vem a seguir.

Diálogo1:

Anna: How are you?


Mike: I’m fine, and you?
Anna: I’m fine, too.
Mike: What's new?
Anna: Well, I’m going to college and studying English during my free time. And
you?
Mike: I have a new job and I am now living with my parents.
Anna: Really? What do you think of it all?
Mike: Well, my parents are nice and my new job is great.
Anna: Good! I’m happy for you.

Diálogo 2:

Anna: Did you travel on your last vacation, Daniel?


Daniel: Yes, I visited my cousin Andrew in Miami and I learned how to dance
the salsa there.
Anna: That's nice!
Daniel: Now, Anna, I want to know about your last vacation.
Anna: Oh, Daniel, unfortunately, I didn't travel and I stayed at home all the time
watching TV.

2. Perguntas / Questions:

a. "I'm good" pode ser usado no lugar de "I'm fine" no contexto apresentado?
b. A expressão "what's new?" equivale a "o que há de novo?" ?
c. "Parents" pode ser traduzido como "parentes"?
d. "Think of" pode ser sinônimo de "think about" ?
e. "Did" é usado para formar o passado em inglês?
f. "Vacation" equivale a "vaga para trabalho"?
g. "Nice" é um adjetivo que pode ser usado como "legal", "bom", "bacana" ?

40
Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Monday: Translation

Kate is walking. She sees a dog. The dog wags its tail. Kate likes the dog. It has
no collar. Kate takes it home. She washes the dog. She names him "Toby." She
takes Toby to the vet. Toby is healthy. Kate walks Toby every day. They love
each other.

__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

Tuesday: Translation

Ms. Howard assigns a project. She wants the students to work in groups. Adam
works with Joe and Bill. Adam is smart. Joe draws well. Bill is cooperative. They
make a good group. They turn in their project. Ms. Howard likes it. She gives
them a high grade. Adam, Joe, and Bill are joyful.
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

Wednesday: Translation

The cat is bored. He tries to have fun. He plays with yarn. He scratches his
tummy. He takes a nap. He drinks milk. He is still bored. He sees a mouse. The
mouse is eating cheese. The cat steal the cheese. The mouse is angry. The
mouse chases the cat. The cat is having fun.
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

41
Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

Thursday: Translation

John wants to go to his school field trip. He needs fifty dollars. He wants to earn
it himself. He plans to open up a lemonade stand. He goes to the market. The
lemons are cheap. They are also ripe. He buys fifty lemons. He starts making
lemonade. A lot of people are in line. His lemonade stand is a success. He
makes enough money.
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

Friday: Translation

Tomorrow is the first day of school. Barbara looks at her backpack. It has holes.
It is dirty. She needs a new one. Her mom takes her shopping. There are so
many backpacks. One backpack has yellow stars. Another one has rainbow
stripes. Another one has dogs. Barbara likes this one. She buys it.

__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

The most important thing


is this: A coisa mais importante é
esta:
To be able at any
moment, Ser capaz, a qualquer
momento,
To sacrifice what you are,
De sacrificar o que você
For what you will become! é,

Pelo o que você irá


tornar!
42
Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Lesson
5

If opportunity doesn't knock, build a door.

Milton Berle
Idiomatic Expressions

As expressões idiomáticas são um tipo de inglês informal que possuem um


significado diferente das palavras que estão sendo utilizadas na expressão.

Veja:

It is not your business = Não é da sua conta

It is raining cats and dogs = Está chovendo muito

Over the moon = Estar feliz / Estar no mundo da lua de tão contente

Hum...não é muito minha praia = It’s not my cup of tea

De uma vez por todas = Once and for all

Juro por Deus! = I cross my heart

Do nada = Out of the blue

Veja pelo lado bom = Look on the bright side

*Existem milhares de Idiomatic Expressions, não perca tempo, vá procurar


mais expressões! Desde já, bons estudos!

Procure 4 expressões idiomáticas e seus significados.

1.______________________________________________________________

2.______________________________________________________________

3.______________________________________________________________

4.______________________________________________________________

43
Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

DO AND DOES

Do e Does...Hmmm. Você já deve conhecer essas palavrinhas…

Bom, essas duas palavras são Verbos Auxiliares. Elas auxiliam o verbo
principal e indicam o tempo verbal da frase. O Do e o Does indicam que a frase
está no simple present.

QUANDO USAR DO, DOES:

Em frases negativas e interrogativas no tempo presente, simple present.

Exemplo:

• Do you like chocolate? | Você gosta de chocolate?


• I don’t like cold weather.| Eu não gosto de clima frio.
• They don´t play soccer.| Eles não jogam futebol.

Usamos DOES para 3ª pessoa do singular, he, she, it. Veja:

• Does she live here? | Ela mora aqui?


• He doesn’t need help. | Ele não precisa de ajuda.

Perceba que DON’T = DO NOT= NÃO | DOESN’T = DOES NOT = NÃO

Exercises

Complete the sentences with do, does,don't or doesn't.


1. you like rap music?
2. We really enjoy going to the theatre.
3. What colour you prefer?

44
Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

4. Samantha have a dog?


5. Where they live?
6. I think Mary is here.
7. These shoes fit me.
8. This car go fast.
9. What music he listen to?
10. I think he likes it.

Dialogue

A: Do you have a car? A: Dul iú rév a car?

B: Iés, Ai dul.
B: Yes, I do.
A: Uát caind óv car dul
iú rév?
A: What kind of car do
B: Ai rév a Honda.
you have?
A: Izit nul?
B: I have a Honda. B: It uós nul in
tchutóusénd énd tri.
A: Is it new? A: Sou, its preri old nóu.

B: Iés, iriz. Bãt it still


B: It was new in 2003. lucs gúd.

A: So, it's pretty old


now.

B: Yes, it is. But it still


looks good.

45
Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Monday: Translation

Maria feels pain in her teeth. She tells her mom. Her mom takes her to the
dentist. Maria is scared. She enters the waiting room. The secretary calls
Maria's name. Maria goes in. Maria sits in a big chair. She waits for the dentist.
The dentist arrives. He is careful with Maria's teeth. He gives her a new
toothbrush. Maria feels good.

__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

Tuesday: Translation

Mark needs a book. He does not have money. His mom takes him to the library.
Mark can borrow books for free. Mark enters the library. There are so many
books. There are books about animals. There are books about pirates. There
are books about science. Mark borrows them all.

__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

Wednesday: Translation

She eats a slice of cake. She drops a crumb. The ants can smell it. They crawl
towards the crumb. She notices the ants. She does not want to kill them. She
gets a cup. She puts the ants inside. She opens the window. She lets the ants
go.

46
Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

Thursday: Translation

It is Halloween. Nancy is dressed as a princess. She goes trick-or-treating. She


walks to one house. She rings the doorbell. A young couple opens the door.
Nancy holds out her bag. She receives candy. She says, "Thank You!" The
couple smiles. Nancy goes to the next house.

__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

Friday: Translation

He goes to the petting zoo. There are many different animals. He pets the
turtles. The turtles feel rough. He pets the sheep. The sheep feel wooly. He pets
the cows. The cows feel smooth. He pets the bunnies. The bunnies feel fluffy.
He tells his mom he wants a pet. His mom says he can get one tomorrow.

__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

Hey, my old friend! Sentiu minha falta? Eiii! Como assim não lembra o meu
nome? Eu sou o Bob! Sei que não nos falamos com tanta freqüência assim,
mas estou aqui, agora sim. Que momento mais lindo, me dê um abraço...

Come on! Um abraço. UM ABRAÇO!! Isso mesmo, muito obrigado! Se você


não tiver me abraçado eu saberei, eu saberei!!!

47
Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Lesson
6

Whatever the mind of man can conceive and believe, it can


achieve. –Napoleon Hill
DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS

1. This is (dis is) utiliza-se para pessoas ou coisas próximas de nós.:Michael:


This is Michael.

2. Thatis (dat is) utiliza-se para pessoas ou coisas afastadas de nós.:Jennifer:


That is Jennifer.

3. Contracções: that is = that's. Não é possível contrair this is.

4. These are (dís ár) utiliza-se para indicar duas ou mais pessoas ou coisas
próximas de nós.:Michael and Jennifer: These are Michael and Jennifer.

5. Those are (dóus ar) utiliza-se para indicar duas ou mais pessoas ou coisas
afastadas de nós.:Jennifer and Sarah: Those are Jennifer and Sarah.

INDEFINITE ARTICLE

48
Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

1. Antes de palavras que começam por consoante utiliza-se o artigo indefinido


ou indeterminado “a” cujo significado é "um, uma".

2. Antes de palavras que começam por vogal utiliza-se, regra geral, o artigo
indefinido ou indeterminado “an”, cujo significado é também "um, uma".

3. Em geral, não se traduzem para inglês os artigos "uns, umas". Ex: Isto é um
livro, This is a book; Isto são uns livros, These are books.

4. Contudo, se necessitar expressar o plural dos artigos indefinidos a ou an,


pode utilizar a palavra some (sám) que significa "uns/umas, alguns/algumas".
Ex: This is a book (Isto é um livro) – These are some books (Isto são
uns/alguns livros); That is an eraser (Aquilo é uma borracha) – Those are
some erasers (Aquelas são umas/algumas borrachas).

1. Em frases negativas, para pessoas ou coisas próximas, utiliza-se this is not


ou a contração this isn't. Para fazer perguntas, utiliza-se Is this?

2. Em frases negativas, para pessoas ou coisas afastadas, utiliza-se that is not


ou a contração that isn't. Para fazer perguntas, utiliza-se Is that?

3. Embora normalmente surjam antes de um substantivo, mais à frente


veremos que tanto this como that podem utilizar -se afastados, sem o verbo.

Exercise

1. Complete the following sentences with a or an.

1. ____ bingo game 6. ____ uncle

2. ____ idiot 7. ____ historian

3. ____ good job 8. ____ apple

4. ____ rotten plum

5. ____ used fork

49
Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

2.

Possessive Adjective

1.My (meu, meus), your (teu, teus, seu, seus), his (seu, seus, para pessoas de
sexo masculino) e her (sua, suas, para pessoas de sexo feminino) indicam
posse.

2. Os adjetivos possessivos no plural são os seguintes: (our, your e their), ou


seja, para duas ou mais pessoas ou coisas. Recorde que todos os adjetivos
possessivos são sempre colocados antes do substantivo ou da frase
substantivada que modificam.

50
Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Eis uma situação gramatical nova e muito útil. Vamos procurar explicá-la o
melhor possível, para que seja simples aprendê-la:

Exercise

A. Circle the correct option.

1. Their / Her names are Sam and Michael.

2. My / Its teacher is English.

3. His / Its name is the London School of English.

4. Our / We family is from Spain.

5. They’re / Their class is in room 2.

6. This is your / its teacher.

B. Write the sentences in English using the possessive case

1. O relógio do Robert.
_______________________________________________________________

51
Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

2. Os óculos da Sarah.
_______________________________________________________________

3. Este é o guarda-chuva da Alice.


_______________________________________________________________

4. Estas são as chaves do Mike.


_______________________________________________________________

5. Este é o bebê do Daniel?


_______________________________________________________________

Monday: Translation

Robert's room is messy. There is pizza under his bed. There is glue on the wall.
There is a pile of clothes. There are toys on the floor. Robert does not care. He
watches a television show. His mom goes into his room. She turns off the
television. She yells at him. He starts to clean his room.

__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

Tuesday: Translation

Today is Father's Day. Daniel surprises his father. He serves him breakfast.
There are eggs, bacon, and orange juice on the tray. Daniel's father is happy.
Later, they go play tennis. Daniel stands on one side. He swings the ball.
Daniel's father hits the ball back. Finally, they watch the sunset. What a great
day.

__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

52
Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

Wednesday: Translation

Betty loves her baby sister. Betty takes care of her. She changes her diaper.
She feeds her. She teaches her how to walk. She teaches her new words. It is
not easy to take care of babies. Betty's baby sister cries sometimes. Betty plays
peekaboo with her. She covers her eyes and then opens them. The baby
laughs.

__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

Thursday: Translation

Sarah's basketball team lost today. She is upset. She walks home sadly. She
sits down on the couch. She starts crying. Her mom sees her. She gives her a
hug. Then, she bakes Sarah's favorite cookies. The warm cookies make Sarah
smile. Sarah wipes her tears away. She realizes that sometimes you win and
sometimes you lose.

__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

53
Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Friday: Translation

He moves to a new city. There are many buildings. There are a lot of people
walking. There are many taxis. He feels lonely. Everyone acts so different here.
He goes to his new school. He sees a friendly looking person. He asks him to
show him around.

__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

-Alô, Alô... Testando...1,2,1,2. Teste...

Muito bem, aparentemente estou ao vivo!

E aí novato!! Bob, na área! Eu sempre apareço, basta esperar um pouquinho!

Acho que você não é mais o “novato”... Já aprendeu muitas coisas. Não vejo
mais graça em te chamar de “novato” agora... Poxa!! Terei que inventar um
nome para você...

Bom, deixe estar, espero que você esteja gostando do livro,no caso, gostando
de mim HÁ – HÁ

Pare de bobeira e vá logo para a próxima lesson!

54
Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Lesson
7

“You miss 100% of the shots you don’t take.”

–Wayne Gretzky
SEASONS

AS ESTAÇÕES DO ANO: ALGO PARA RECORDAR:

1. Para se referirem ao Outono, os americanos usam o substantivo FALL (fól),


enquanto os ingleses usam AUTUMN (ótom).

2. Em inglês britânico, os nomes das estações do ano costumam escrever-se


com inicial maiúscula e sem o artigo definido the. Ex: a Primavera, the
Spring. Por seu lado, em inglês americano,mais informal, escrevem-se
geralmente com inicial minúscula, aceitando-se o artigo the: Ex: noVerão, in
the summer.
DEFINITE ARTICLE

55
Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Este artigo tem uma forma única e utiliza-se tanto para o masculino como para
feminino, neutro, singular e plural.

1. Antes de palavras que comecem por consonante, pronuncia-se /de/. Ex: The
book (de búk), O livro; The books (de búks), Os livros; The key (de kí), A
chave; The keys (de kís), As chaves.

2. Antes de palavras que comecem por vogal, pronuncia-se /di/. Ej.:The


umbrella (di ambréla), O guarda-chuva; The eraser (di eréiser), A borracha.

3. Os nomes de países não levam o artigo the caso sejam singulares; apenas
se forem plurais. Não dizemos " the Argentina" mas sim Argentina; contudo,
dizemos "the United States", os Estados Unidos.

AT THE RESTAURANT

Menu:

Os cardápios geralmente apresentam a seguinte divisão:

Appetizers – os aperitivos

Starters – as entradas, como salads (saladas) ou soups (sopas)

Maincourses – os pratos principais, como seafood (frutos do mar), meat


(carnes), chicken (frango), pasta (massas), pizzas, burgers etc.

Desserts – as sobremesas, como icecream (sorvete), brownies, cakes


(bolos), pies (tortas)…

Drinks / Beverages – as bebidas, como water (água), beer (cerveja),


softdrinks (refrigerantes), wine (vinho), tea (chá), coffee (café)

Ao entrar em um restaurante ou lanchonete, você pode pedir:

Table for two, please. (Mesa para dois, por favor.) – ou para quantas pessoas
forem

Se o garçom não te entregar o cardápio, você pode pedi-lo, dizendo:

Can you bring the menu, please?(Você pode trazer o cardápio, por favor?)

E o garçom pode perguntar a você:

Ready to order? (Pronto para fazer o pedido?)

Para fazer seu pedido, basta dizer:

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

I’d like a _________. (Eu gostaria de____)

E para pedir a conta:

Can you bring the check, please?(Você pode trazer a conta, por favor?)

Em lugares onde você pode ou comer no próprio local ou levar o seu pedido
para casa (como padarias e lanchonetes) a pessoa que está te atendendo vai
perguntar:

For here or to go?(Para aqui ou para levar?)

E daí você responde um dos dois: “for here“ ou “to go“.

As comidas que são “levadas” tem até um nome especial em


inglês: takeaway, literalmente “levar embora”.

Exercise

Escreva um diálogo (em inglês,óbvio HÁ- HÁ) que tenha como tema
“restaurante”.

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That’s it!

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Monday: Translation

Christopher wants a pet. He likes fish. Fish are easy to take care of. Fish are
pretty. Christopher thinks he is responsible enough too. He decides to go to the
pet store himself. He buys a fish. It is small. It is red and black. It swims slowly.
Christopher puts it in a tank.

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Tuesday: Translation

Brian is the oldest brother. He has two younger brothers. Brian helps his
parents around the house. He washes the dishes. He mops the floor. He picks
up his younger brothers from school. Brian also teaches his brothers to do the
right thing. He tells them to be honest, kind, and friendly. Brian loves his family.

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Wednesday: Translation

It is lunch time. The kids go out to eat. They are excited and hungry. Paul has a
ham sandwich. He does not like ham. He wants a tuna sandwich. Sarah has a
tuna sandwich. She thinks tuna is smelly. She wants a ham sandwich. Paul and
Sarah meet up. They trade their sandwiches. They get what they want.

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

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Thursday: Translation

She wants to make a snowman. First, she rolls a large ball of snow. Second,
she rolls a medium ball of snow. Finally, she rolls a small ball of snow for the
snowman's head. She stacks them up. The largest ball is on the bottom. She
puts a carrot for the nose. She uses buttons for the eyes and mouth. The last
thing she adds is a scarf.

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Friday: Translation

Donald is in the second grade. His reading level is not as good as the other
students'. He wants to improve his English skills. He starts to read more. He
looks up words he does not know in the dictionary. He writes down what the
words mean. Afterwards, he reads the book again.

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Lesson
8

“We become what we think about.”

–Earl Nightingale

MUSIC ACTIVITY

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Dialogue Time

A: Do you go to college? A: Dul iú gol tu cólej?


B: Yes, I do. B: Iés, ai dul.
A: What college do you go to? A: Uát coléj Dul iú gol tu?
B: I go to Pasadena City College. B: Ai gol tu Pasadina Ciri Cólej.
A: Do you like it? A: Dul iú laik it?
B: Oh, yes, I really like it. B: Ou, iés, Ai rili laike it.
A: Why do you like it? A: Uai dul iu laike it?
B: Because it has great teachers. B: Bicãs it rés greit titchers.
A: What else? A: Uát élz?
B: I like all my classmates, too. B: Ai laike all mai cléssmeits, tú.
A: Anything else? A: Énifin élse?
B: Yes. It's not expensive! B: Iés. It's nót expénsive!

PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE

As preposições de lugar são:

• on – em cima
• under – embaixo
• behind – atrás
• between – entre ( usado para algo que está posicionado entre duas
coisas)
• in front of – na frente
• next to – aol ado de

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Exercise

Monday: Translation

I am practicing drawing. I practice drawing every Saturday and Sunday. My


teacher shows me new things. I know how to draw people, animals, and objects
now. I always want to get better, so I practice every day. My parents always tell
me that I am a good artist. They think I can do it as a job.

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Tuesday: Translation

It is a sunny day. She feels hot. She fans herself with a book. It is still hot. She
turns on the air conditioner. It is still hot. She jumps into a pool. It is still hot. Her
dad has an idea! He takes her to the ice cream shop. They share a banana
split. She does not feel hot anymore.

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Wednesday: Translation

He has a test tomorrow. He does not want to study. Instead, he plays video
games. The next day, he takes the test. It is very hard. He does not know
anything. He turns in his test blank. The teacher scolds him and gives him an
"F."

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Thursday: Translation

Helen wants to do well on the math test tomorrow. She takes out her book and
studies. Her brother then comes into her room. He starts making loud noises.
Helen yells at him. Her mother then comes into her room. She asks Helen to
cook dinner. Helen yells at her. Helen finally tells her family that she is busy.

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Friday: Translation

He pours a glass of soda for himself. He accidentally spills some on his shirt.
Oh no! His mom will get mad. His shirt is very expensive. He tries to clean it up.
He pours water on it. He uses a stain remover. He takes the shirt to a dry
cleaner's. Nothing works.

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Lesson
9

“The best time to plant a tree was 20 years ago. The second
best time is now.”

–Chinese Proverb
Trava-Línguas!

1º) Peter Piper picked a pack of pickled peppers.

2º) She sells sea shells by the sea shore.

3º) A sailor went to sea to see what he could see.

4º) A noisy noise annoys an oyster.

5º) Give papa a cup of proper coffee in a copper coffee cup.

6º) Five fine fresh fish for you!

COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS

Por exemplo: (a) car – (um) automóvel; (a) flower – (uma) flor; (an) apple –
(uma) maçã. Podemos usar esta fórmula: ONE/TWO/THREE + COUNTABLE
NOUN (um/dois/três... + substantivo contável). Podemos usá-los deste modo,
porque PODEMOS CONTÁ-LOS: ONE car, TWO flowers,THREE apples,etc.
(UM automóvel, DUAS flores, TRÊS maçãs, etc.).

Os substantivos contáveis podem estar no SINGULAR (= one, um) ou no


PLURAL (= two or more,dois ou mais). Vejamos estes exemplos:

SINGULAR: a car, my car, the car, etc. (um automóvel, o meu automóvel, o
automóvel, etc.)

PLURAL: cars, two cars, the cars, some cars, many cars, etc. (os
automóveis, dois automóveis, os automóveis, uns ou alguns automóveis,
muitos automóveis, etc.).

REPARE AGORA NESTAS CURIOSIDADES GRAMATICAIS:

Terá reparado que cars e the cars se traduzem em ambos os casos por os
automóveis. Vejamos:

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a) Quando nos referimos a "os automóveis" EM GERAL, ou seja, a TODOS os


automóveis do mundo,

NÃO PODEMOS USAR o artigo definido the: CARS are expensive (OS
AUTOMÓVEIS são caros).

O mesmo ocorre com qualquer outro substantivo: ELEPHANTS don't fly (OS
ELEFANTES não voam).

b) Quando nos referimos a "os automóveis" EM PARTICULAR, ou seja, aos


automóveis específicos de, que estamos a falar, DEVEMOS USAR o artigo
definido the: He's buying THE CARS (Ele está acomprar OS AUTOMÓVEIS).
Pressupõe-se que ele está a comprar os automóveis sobre os quais nos falou
em algum momento.

| ÚLTIMA OBSERVAÇÃO SOBRE ESTE PONTO:

NÃO DIGA: I don't have car para significar Não tenho automóvel.

DEVE DIZER: I don't have a car.

UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS (SUBSTANTIVOS INCONTÁVEIS)

Por exemplo: water – água; rain – chuva; rice – arroz; money – dinheiro, etc.

NÃO PODEMOS USAR a fórmula ONE/TWO/THREE + UNCOUNTABLE


NOUN (water/rain/rice,etc.).

NÃO PODEMOS DIZER: one water, two rains, etc.

OS SUBSTANTIVOS INCONTÁVEIS TÊM UMA FORMA ÚNICA:

money, the money, my money, some money, much money, etc. Exemplos:

I have some money (Tenho algum dinheiro); There isn't much Money here (Não
há muito dinheiro aqui);

Money isn't everything (O dinheiro não é tudo).

ÚLTIMA OBSERVAÇÃO SOBRE ESTE PONTO:

NÃO PODEMOS USAR A FÓRMULA A/AN + UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS:

A money (um dinheiro); a water (uma água); etc.

MAS PODEMOS EXPRESSAR ISTO DA SEGUINTE FORMA:

A piece of cheese (um pedaço de queijo); a piece of music (um fragmento de


música); a glass o fwater (um copo de água); a bar of chocolate (uma barra de
chocolate); a game of tennis (uma partida de ténis).

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Ou seja, mencionando sempre a menor unidade do substantivo (pedaço,


fragmento, copo, barra,partida, etc.).

Exercise

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DIALOGUE TIME

Exercise

1.Crie seu próprio diálogo agora.

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Monday: Translation

I am a new student in school. I tell the class about myself. I am from Canada,
but now I live in Nevada. I live with my mom, dad, and brother. My brother is
five years younger than me. Music is very important to me. I like to sing and
dance. I also play the saxophone. One day, I hope to be a music teacher.

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Tuesday: Translation

The roller coaster ride is fun and fast. The line is so long. John and his friends
decide to wait. John tried to find ways to pass time. He taps his foot for ten
minutes. Then, he plays games on his phone. Later, he tells his friends jokes.
Two hours pass. The boys are still in line.

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Wednesday: Translation

Mr. Brown's lectures are boring. A student looks up at Mr. Brown to check what
he is doing. Mr. Brown is writing something on the board. The student takes out
his phone. He starts playing games. Mr. Brown walks over to his desk. Mr.
Brown takes the student's phone away. He is in trouble.

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Thursday: Translation

He is sick. He goes to the doctor. The doctor give him some medicine. He is still
sick after one week. His mom tells him to go to sleep. He lies in bed all day. He
rests. He drinks chicken soup and eats vegetables. He is still sick. No one likes
the flu.

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Friday: Translation

She goes to the circus. She sees a clown. He is very colorful. She sees
magicians. They take rabbits out of hats. She sees people walking on rope up in
the air. She sees people juggling balls. She sees a lot of animals too. There are
lions that jump through hoops of fire. There are elephants that dance. She
never wants to leave the circus.

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Lesson
10

“On most days, the biggest thing you can do is a small act of
kindness, decency or love.”

Cory Booker
WH- WORDS / PRONOMES INTERROGATIVOS

Informalmente, chamamos WH- WORDS aos pronomes interrogativos de que


necessitamos para iniciar perguntas.

1. Chamam-se palavras WH- porque a maioria começa com essas duas


consoantes: WHat?,WHere?, WHo?, etc.

2. Algumas formam as perguntas de um modo idiomático, ou seja, diferente do


português.

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

-BODY PARTS-

VERBS CONNECTED WITH BODY


VOCABULARY

hear- ouvir

see - ver

eat - comer

bite - morder

kneel– ajoelhar-se

walk– andar

hold - segurar

smell - cheirar

stand– estar de pé

Exercise

1.

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2.Write the correct body part.

a) You see with your _______________

b) You hear with your ______________

c) You bite with your _______________

d) You hold with your ______________

e) You smell with your _______________

f) You eat with your ______________

g) You walk with your ______________

h) You stand on your ________________

i) You kneel on your _________________

DIALOGUE TIME

A: I need a job. A: Ai nid a jób.

B: I thought you had a job. B: I sót iu réd a jób.

A: I did. A: Ai did.

B: What happened? B: Uát réppend?

A: I got laid off. A: Ai gót leid óf.

B: That's terrible! When did it happen? B: Déts térribol! Uén did it réppen?

A: I got laid off last week. A: Ai gót leid óf lest uík.

B: Just you? B: Djãst iu?

A: No, ten of my coworkers got laid off, too. A: Nou, tén óv mai cou uorkers gót leid óf, tú.

B: What are you going to do? B: Uát ar iu gouin tu dul?

A: I'm looking in the newspaper for a job. A: Aim lukin in dã nilspeiper fór a jób.

B: Good luck! B: Gúd lãc!

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Monday: Translation

He is fat. He only eats red meat, chips, and candy. His parents worry about him.
They ban him from eating fattening foods. They cook healthy meals only from
now on. They eat oatmeal for breakfast. They eat fish, carrots, and vegetables
for lunch. They eat chicken and salad for dinner.

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Tuesday: Translation

A ferris wheel is a huge rotating wheel. It has many seats. He sits on one of
them. His seat is yellow. He is excited. He puts his seatbelt on. He holds on to
the metal bar. He wants to be safe. The wheel moves. He starts to go up higher
and higher. He looks down. The people are so small. The view is so nice.

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Wednesday: Translation

She gets an allowance from her parents. They give her $10 a week. She wants
more. She asks her parents nicely. They say no. She tries to change their
minds. She washes their cars. She makes them dinner. She compliments them.
Her parents decide to give her a raise. She will get $15 a week.

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Thursday: Translation

She loves to dance. She dances on her school's team. She dances after school.
She loves to dance in her room. She loves to dance in the kitchen. She even
loves to dance in the bathroom. Anyone can see that she is passionate. People
say she is the best dancer in the world.

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Friday: Translation

She sleeps over at a friend's house. They do a lot of fun activities. They fight
with their pillows. They roast marshmallows over a fire. They sing songs. They
watch movies. The movies are funny. They eat popcorn while they watch. They
braid each other's hair. They use sleeping bags. They fall asleep.

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Lesson
11

“Definiteness of purpose is the starting point of all


achievement.”

W. Clement Stone
THE WEATHER – O CLIMA

Exercise 1

Underline the best option

1. It is hot and humid. It's spring / summer.

2. It's snowing. It's winter / spring.

3. It's windy and cloudy. It's summer / autumn.

4. It's cool and it's raining. It's winter / spring.

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Exercise 2

Write down the weather conditions under the picture

snow / sun / rain / fog / lightning / wind / cloud

DIALOGUE TIME

A: I need a job. A: Ai nid a jób.


B: What was your last job? B: Uát uás iór lést jób?
A: I was a painter. A: Ai uás a peinter.
B: What happened? B: Uát répend?
A: I got laid off because there A: Ai gót leid óf bicâz der uás
was no work. nou uork.
B: What else can you do? B: Uát élz quén iú dul?
A: I'm a handyman. A: Aim a réndimén.
B: Can you fix a dripping faucet B: Quén iú fix a drippin fócet in
in a kitchen sink? a kitchen sink?
A: Of course. A: Óvcórse.
B: Then I have a job for you in B: Dén ai rév a jób for iú in mai
my kitchen. kitchen.
A: It will cost you only $20 plus A: It uíl cost iúónli $20 plãs
parts. parts.
B: Okay. That sounds like a fair B: Okay. Dét sónds laike a fér
price. praice.

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ADJECTIVES / ADVERBS

ADVERBS OF MANNER / ADVÉRBIOS DE MODO

1. Os advérbios de modo formam-se juntando um sufixo a um adjetivo,


substantivo, ou advérbio de direção:

(adjetivo) + LY

Beautifully lindamente, maravilhosamente


Carefully cuidadosamente
Easily facilmente
Quickly depressa,rapidamente
Slowly lentamente, vagarosamente

2. Outros advérbios de modo formam-se combinando adjectivos terminados


em -ly com way, manner ou fashion:

(adjetivo terminado em -ly) + WAY/MANNER/FASHION

She spoke in a motherly way. Ela falou de um modo maternal.


He spoke in a friendly manner. Ele falou de um modo amigável.

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They walked in an orderly fashion. Eles caminharam de uma forma ordeira.

Mais exemplos de adjectives terminados em -ly: brotherly, elderly, fatherly,


lively, lonely, lovely, silly, ugly.

3. Existem advérbios de modo com significado e forma iguais aos seus


adjetivos correspondentes:

ADJECTIVE = ADVERB
He works fast. Ele trabalha depressa.

He works hard (1). Ele trabalha arduamente.

He came last (1). Ele chegou em último lugar.

(1) hardly e lastly também existem como advérbios, mas têm significados
diferentes:
Ex. I hardly know her. (Eu mal a conheço.)

Ex. Lastly, she is a liar. (Finalmente, ela é uma mentirosa.)

Estes e outros advérbios são considerados irregulares = Irregular adverbs

4. Posição dos advérbios de modo: (verbo) + ADVERB

He walks quickly. Ele anda depressa.


She drives carefully. Ela guia cuidadosamente.
They sing beautifully. Eles cantam lindamente.

(verbo + complemento) + ADVERB

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She read the letter quickly. Ela leu apressadamente a carta.


He left the room furiously. Ele saiu furiosamente da sala.
She speaks English fluently. Ela fala fluentemente inglês.

NOTA: Em inglês, não se deve colocar o advérbio entre o verbo e o


complemento.
(sujeito) + ADVERB (2) + (verbo)

I quickly wrote the letter. Escrevi apressadamente a carta.


I furiously slammed the door. Fechei furiosamente a porta.
I carefully checked the wires. Verifiquei cuidadosamente os fios.

(2) Advérbio de uma única palavra. Para realçar o sujeito do verbo. No


início da frase para dramatização

Suddenly, everybody started screaming. De repente, toda a gente começou


a gritar.
Silently, the soldier crept behind the enemy lines. Silenciosamente, o
soldado rastejou atrás das linhas inimigas.

Exercise 1
Choose the correct option
a) This exercise is ____________
a. easily b. easy

b) This is a ______________ book


a. good b. well

c) Snakes can move __________


a. fast b. fastly

d) Mice are ___________


a. quietly b. quiet

e) He’s speaking ____________


a. quiet b. quietly

f) My father is ____________
a. bravely b. brave

g) You can’t see spiders ___________


a. easily b. easy

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h) I can speak English ___________


a. good b. well

Exercise 2
Adjectives Opposites – matching quiz
a) Cheap Closed
b) Easy Low
c) Near Expensive
d) New Warm
e) Open Difficult
f) Cold Far
g) High Old

Choose the correct answer


1. He's a ___ driver.
a. dangerous b. dangerously

2. She's a ___ driver, I think.


a. careful b. carefully

3. She's a ___ speller.


a. bad b. badly

4. ___ the wind changed directions.


a. Sudden b. Suddenly

5. Please try to be more ___.


a. careful b. carefully

6. He walks so ___ in those boots.


a. heavy b. heavily

7. She plays the piano ___.


a. perfect b. perfectly

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Monday: Translation

She does not like her boyfriend. He is lazy. He never does anything for her. He
does not have a job. He does not go to school. He just watches TV and plays
video games. She wants to break up with him. She does not want to hurt his
feelings. She plans out what she is going to say.
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Tuesday: Translation

She is lonely. She does everything alone. She watches TV by herself. She does
not even like watching TV with her family. She even eats alone at restaurants.
She is on her school's basketball team. She does not talk to the other players.
She just plays the game.
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Wednesday: Translation

They went to an amusement park. There are a lot of rides. Some are scary and
some are for kids. There are a lot of food choices. There is cotton candy. There
are corn dogs. There are so many people. It is Saturday. People are off work
and school. There are lines for everything.
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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

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Thursday: Translation

She smells something bad. It's the trash can. It is completely filled. The bad
smell is coming from the rotten food. There are black bananas and spoiled milk
inside. She holds her breath. She pulls out the trash bag. She ties it. She puts it
in a new trash bag.

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Friday: Translation

He opens the refrigerator. He looks inside. There is only soy sauce. What
is he going to do? He has no car. There are no markets close by. Then,
he sees a bag of rice. He cooks the rice with a rice cooker. Rice only
takes 15 minutes to be ready. He puts some rice in a bowl. He pours soy
sauce on it.

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Basic English –B1- BEGINNERS

Chegamos ao final de nossa incrível jornada! Foi um prazer tê – lo aqui, espero


que continue aprendendo e exercitando o cérebro com a língua inglesa!

Obrigado!

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