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WHAT IS HEALTH?

It is the ability to understand ourselves and


cope with the challenges life can bring.
HEALTH is a state of complete physical, mental
and social well-being (WHO, 1948). Emotional wellness focuses on ensuring that
you are attentive to your feelings, thoughts,
WHY IS HEALTH IMPORTANT?
and behaviors. This include both positive and
A healthy individual is more likely to live longer, negative reactions, though overall you should:
to be more productive and to enjoy life more
than those who are unhealthy. Being healthy 1.Seek an optimistic approach to life, enjoying
will also allow the person to gain knowledge life in spite of occasional disappointment.
2.Adjust to change and express your emotions
and skills to do excellent work to be valuable to
appropriately; and
his or her friends, family and colleagues
3.Express your feelings freely while, managing
WHAT IS HOLISTIC HEALTH? your feelings, allowing yourself to cope with
stress in a way that is healthy.
Holistic Health is the overall wellness approach
that tackles the body, mind and spirit or Those working toward a path of emotional
physical, emotional/mental, and spiritual wellness will work to:
aspects of an individual. 1. 1.Keep a positive attitude;
2. 2.Learn to manage their conditions;
WHAT ARE THE DIMENSIONS OF HEALTH? 3. 3.Maintain a balance in life be setting
their priorities;
A. Physical
4. 4.Seek support for expressing their
It is the ability to maintain a healthy
emotions appropriately; and
quality of life that allows us to get
5. 5.Remain aware of their thoughts and
through our daily activities without
feelings.
undue fatigue or physical stress.
C. Intellectual
ON THE PATH TO GOOD PHSYICAL HEALTH
It is the ability to open our minds to
YOU SHOULD?
new ideas and experiences that can be applied
to personal decisions, group interaction and
1. 1.Monitor warning signs so you
community betterment
understand when your body is not
getting the nutrition it needs or
Those who have high intellectual wellness is
establishing an unhealthy state;
to:
2. 2.Keep on top of your physical health
1. Engage in the exploration and their
which helps to improve determination,
understanding of new ideas;
self-control and self-esteem;
2. Cherish stimulation and mental growth;
3. 3.Get sufficient amount of sleep, avoid
and
harmful substances like tobacco
3. Get involved in cultural and intellectual
products and get annual physical
activities.
exams; and
4. 4.Know the ideal health numbers for
D. Social
conditions such as weight cholesterol,
It is the ability to relate and connect
blood pressure, or blood sugar and
with other people in our world.
develop a regular exercise routine.

B. EMOTIONAL
Those with high social wellness believe that it 6. Bring awareness of the Earth’s limits
is important to: and resource to others.

1. live in harmony with the environment G. Occupational


and others; and It is the ability to get personal
2. Consider the common welfare of the fulfillment from our jobs or our chosen career
community over their own. fields while still maintaining balance in our lives.
Those on the path to healthy social wellness
will work to: To achieve occupational wellness, it is
1. Develop interdependent healthy important to:
relationships while developing healthy 1. Feel as though you enjoy your work
behavior; and most days;
2. Create a balance between their 2. Feel like you can talk openly with our
community and the environment employer and coworkers; and
E. Spiritual Have a manageable workload
It is the ability to establish peace and
harmony in our lives. The ability to develop Stages Of Human Growth And Development
congruency between values and actions and to
realize a common purpose that bonds creation 1. INFANCY(birth-1 ½ years)
together contributes to our spiritual wellness. • PHYSICAL
 Body organs and systems are
On the path to a healthy spiritual life, you fully developed.
should:  Bones remain soft and flexible.
1. Apply your values to your actions and  Sitting, crawling, standing, and
decisions; walking are learned.
2. Make time to relax each day;  Milk teeth are visible
3. Accept the views of others; and • MENTAL
4. Make time for prayer or meditation.  Parents and siblings are
F. Environmental recognized.
It is the ability to recognize our own  Infants cry to get what they
responsibility for the quality of the air, the want.
water and the land that surrounds us. 2. Early Childhood (1 ½ years-3 YEARS)
• PHYSICAL
For developing environmental wellness, you  Climbing, pulling, and pushing
should: are learned.
1. Live with harmony with your  Walking and talking are also
environment learned.
2. Take action to protect this environment  Physical coordination improves.
from harm; • MENTAL
3. Minimize behavior that could impact  Children assert themselves to
your environment while protective manipulate objects like toys.
yourself from environmental hazards;  Use of toilet is learned.
4. Realize the effects of your daily habits • SOCIAL
on the world around you;  Children show no readiness to
5. Live a life that is accountable to your share or play interactively with
short and long term environmental others.
needs and
3. Childhood (3 YEARS-6 YEARS) • stage of life when several
• PHYSICAL changes in the body occur.
 Muscles grow and energy level  physiological
is high.  psychological
 Children begin to lose milk  caused by chemicals
teeth. produced by the body
• MENTAL GROWTH HORMONES
 Communication skills advance the blood, making the body start to
rapidly. grow and change. produced by the endocrine
 Children begin to behave while glands. coordinate and control the functions of
they are in a group. the different body organ.
• SOCIAL • PHYSICAL
 Children learn to play  Males
interactively and to make 1. They tend to be taller than girls from about
friends. age 14.
 They spend less time with their 2. Muscle tissue grows faster.
parents. 3. Sex organs develop
• EMOTIONAL 4.There is deepening of the voice.
 Children begin to develop self – 5.There is emergence of facial, underarm, and
esteem and trust in their pubic hair.
potentials. 6.Development of the sweat glands increases.
4.LATE Childhood (6 YEARS-12 YEARS)  Females
• PHYSICAL 1. They tend to be taller than boys between
 Bones begin to grow faster, ages 11 and 13.
particularly in the legs. 2. Body fat increases.
 Appetite increases. 3. Elevation of the breasts occurs.
 The process sexual • MENTAL
development begins.  Ways of thinking begin to
• MENTAL change.
 High – level thinking skills are  Predicting consequences
acquired. becomes easier.
 Friends of the same sex are  Ability to think is stronger.
preferred. • SOCIAL
 Guidance, encouragement, and  Friends’ views and opinions
respect are needed. become more important
• SOCIAL • EMOTIONAL
 Self – centeredness lessens.  Feelings vary quickly.
 Values such as honesty and  Adolescents see people as
fairness are learned having needs like theirs.
5.ADOLESCENCE (12 YEARS-18 YEARS)  Desire to spend time with the
• Greek word “Adolscere” opposite sex begins.
• “to grow into maturity” 6.EARLY ADULTHOOD (18 YEARS-40 YEARS)
• individuals learns attitudes, • PHYSICAL
skills, and beliefs of the society  The body is at its strongest.
so as to function within the  The brain is at its most alert
society. phase.
• a transition period between
childhood and adulthood.
• EMOTIONAL o changes directly related to
 Personal commitment to sexual reproduction.
another as fiancé/ fiancée, o The reproductive organs of
spouse or parent becomes both boys and girls grow and
important. develop.
7.MIDDLE AGE (40 YEARS-64 YEARS)  boys
PHYSICAL experience their first release of seminal fluid or
 Less blood flows to the brain. ejaculation from the penis.
 Skin begins to wrinkle. o Sweat and oil glands become
 Bones tend to shrink and spine more active
becomes shorter and curved.  . girls
• MENTAL experience menarche of the first release of
 People in this phase become blood and fluids from the vagina, later called
forgetful. menstruation.
 They clearly remember events • Secondary Sex Characteristics
that happened long ago. • changes not directly related to
• EMOTIONAL sexual reproduction.
 They often isolated • Boys
8.OLD AGE (65 YEARS-ONWARDS) 1.The voice becomes deeper
*PHYSICAL 2.The Adam’s apple becomes bigger
 Gradual reduction of muscle 3.The shoulder become wider that the hips
mass is evident. 4.Hair grows on the face, body and pubic area
 Loss of elasticity of the lungs 5.The skin on the upper arms and thighs
causes difficulty in becomes rough
breathing. • Girls
MENTAL 1.Breasts develop
 People in this phase tend to be forgetful 2.The hips become wider than the shoulder
EMOTIONAL 3.Hair grows on the underarm and pubic area
 Depression is felt, especially when there
is no company. Mental/ Intellectual Changes
SOCIAL Adolescents experience rapid mental
 People in this stage long for someone to development. There are changes in the
talk to and do things with. structure of the brain. These make it work
PHYSICAL CHANGES efficiently.
There is a rapid increase in height and weight.  The development of their intellectual
 Boys experience this usually two years ability makes adolescents less accepting
later than girls. of what others say.
Changes in circulatory and respiratory systems The development of their intellectual ability
 the heart and lungs grow bigger and makes adolescents less accepting of what
work better others say.
Body composition  They learn to question what others say.
 Muscles develop rapidly, although boys’ They try to get to the bottom of things – trying
muscles grow faster than girls’. to find out what to believe in and what to
Other changes: doubt.
 There is sudden increase in hormone  They can already think well before
production acting as well as know the importance
 Bones become harder of planning ahead.
Primary Sex Characteristics
These characteristics help adolescents make • These sometimes cause
better decisions. conflicts between adolescents
However, adolescents take more risks than and their parents.
adults because they enjoy the rewards that • Young adolescents choose friends who
result from their actions. share the same interest with them.
• Adolescents are more responsive to • Adolescents who grow up with family
rewards and stress. members showing love, guidance and
• Adolescents are more emotional and support for each other are less likely to
this makes them open to being hurt or get involved with bad company and
in danger. engage in fights, vandalism, smoking,
• Adolescent boys are also sexually drinking, or drug sessions.
active; therefore, they are prone to SPIRITUAL CHANGES
participate in risky behavior. During adolescence, boys and girls
Due to the sudden increase in the manufacture realize what they could become in the future.
of hormones, adolescent boys become more This helps them analyze what they are doing
aggressive. and how it could affect their future. This can be
 Adolescent girls become self – scary for some adolescents.
conscious because of the changes that It might create conflict between how they look
are happening to them. at themselves now and what they want to
 These also give them a feeling of become
insecurity.
 Early maturing boys are usually taller
and stronger; they have a good body
image, so they are more confident,
secure and independent.
 Adolescents are more responsive to
rewards and stress.
 Adolescents are more emotional and
this makes them open to being hurt or
in danger.
 Adolescent boys are also sexually
active; therefore, they are prone to
participate in risky behavior.
o Due to the sudden increase in
the manufacture of hormones,
adolescent boys become more
aggressive.
SOCIAL CHANGES
• Adolescents are very self – conscious.
• They consider approval of
friends and other adolescents
or peers as very important.
• Adolescents enjoy being with friends, so
they stay longer with them after school.
• They enjoy choosing clothes to
wear, they also crave privacy.