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Teorias Contemporâneas da Democracia (3 créditos)

Profs. João Feres Júnior e San Romanelli Assumpção Horário: Quinta-feira, das 16 às 19 horas

Introdução

A teoria política contemporânea é uma área em constante evolução e mutação, o que redunda também em expansão do rol de autores relevantes, tópicos e problemas tratados. Na grade canônica dos cursos de teoria, inclusive no IESP, é tradição dedicar a disciplina de Teoria Política Contemporânea (TPIII, no nosso caso) à teoria da justiça e aos debates que dela brotaram, como o reconhecimento, multiculturalismo, direitos de minorias etc. Contudo, o desenvolvimento em décadas recentes de um robusto cabedal de reflexões sobre a democracia torna essa abordagem no mínimo incompleta, no que toca a formação de nossos estudantes.

Mas a teoria democrática não é somente relevante para a subárea de teoria política. A ciência política moderna é uma ciência da democracia, como vários autores já notaram. É exatamente por isso que a teoria democrática é, dentre as variedades de teoria política, a que mais contatos e intercâmbios tem com a ciência política de base empírica. Executivo, legislativo, políticas públicas, eleições, comportamento político, praticamente todos os tópicos da ciência política são também objeto de reflexão da teoria democrática. Isto é, nenhum dos lados, teoria ou ciência empírica, pode deixar de levar o outro a sério. Nenhum dos dois lados, teoria ou ciência empírica, pode faltar na formação profissional de um bom cientista político.

O presente curso tem por finalidade oferecer um panorama das teorias da democracia contemporâneas. Partindo da discussão sobre o escopo conceitual das teorias da democracia e de panoramas do estado atual dos debates de teoria democrática, esta disciplina debaterá os valores instrumental, intrínseco e epistêmico das apropriações e reconstruções contemporâneas (1) das noções de vontade geral, razão pública e vontade da maioria, (2) das potencialidades e limites postos pelos direitos das maiorias e minorias, (3) das tensões entre democracia, igualdade política e liberdade política, (4) das potencialidades e limites do autogoverno, e das diversas formas de poder, coerção e dominação política, econômica e social.

Programa de Pós-Graduação (IESP-UERJ)

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Tópicos e Leituras

O papel constitutivoda teoria e as teorias políticas da democracia: normatividade e explicação

Warren, Mark. 1989. “What is political theory/philosophy?” Political Science and Politics, vol. 22, n o 3, pp. 606-612.

Sartori, Giovanni. 1974. “Philosophy, theory and science of politics”. Political Theory, vol. 2, pp. 133-162.

Cohen, G. A. 2003. “Facts and principles”. Philosophy & Public Affairs, vol. 31, n o 3, pp.

211-245.

Freeman, Samuel. 2009. “Constructivism, facts, and moral justification”. In T. Christiano e J. Christman (orgs.), Contemporary debates in political philosophy. Oxford:

Blackwell, pp. 41-60.

Panoramas da teoria democrática

Dahl, Robert. 1956. A preface to democratic theory. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

MacPherson, C. B. 1977. Life and times of liberal democracy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Held, David. 1987. Models of democracy. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Santos, Boaventura de Souza e Leonardo Avritzer. 2009. “Para ampliar o cânone democrático”. In B. de S. Santos e L. Avritzer. Democratizar a democracia. Rio de Janeiro: Civilização Brasileira, pp. 39-82.

Argumentações sobre o valor instrumental da democracia

Dworkin, Ronald. 1987. “What is equality? Part 4: Political equality”. University of San Francisco Law Review, vol. 22, n o 1, pp. 1-30.

Elster, Jon. 1986. “The Market and the forum: three varieties of political theory”. In J. Elster e A. Hylland (orgs.), Foundations of social choice theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 103-132.

Arneson, Richard. 2003. “Democratic rights at the national level”. In T. Christiano (org.), Philosophy and democracy. An Anthology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 95-

115.

Sen, Amartya. 1999. Development as freedom. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

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Argumentações sobre o valor intrínseco da democracia

Cohen, Joshua. 2003. “Procedure and substance in deliberative democracy”. In T. Christiano (org.), Philosophy and democracy. An Anthology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 17-38.

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Cohen, Joshua. 2010. Rousseau. A free community of equals. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Christiano, Thomas. 2003. “An argument for democratic equality”. In T. Christiano (org.), Philosophy and democracy. An Anthology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.

39-68.

Christiano, Thomas. 1996. The rule of the many: fundamental issues in democratic theory. Boulder: Westview Press.

Christiano, Thomas. 2010. The constitution of equality: democratic authority and its limits. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Estlund, David. 2003. “Beyond fairness and deliberation: the epistemic dimension of democratic authority.” In T. Christiano (org.), Philosophy and democracy. An Anthology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 69-91.

Argumentações sobre o valor epistêmico da democracia

Estlund, David. 2008. Democratic Authority. A philosophical framework. Princeton:

Princeton University Press.

Cohen, Joshua. 2003. “Procedure and substance in deliberative democracy”. In T. Christiano (org.), Philosophy and democracy. An Anthology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 17-38.

Cohen, Joshua. 1986. “An epistemic conception of democracy”. Ethics, vol. 97, n o 1, pp.

26-38.

Habermas, Jürgen. 1996. Between facts and norms. Cambridge-Mass.: The MIT Press.

Direitos democráticos e o conteúdo substantivo do autogoverno

Dahl, Robert. 1989. Democracy and its critics. New Haven: Yale University Press.

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Corey.

2007.

Democratic

rights:

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the

substance

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self-government.

Przeworski, Adam. 2010. Democracy and the limits of self-government. Cambridge:

Cambridge University Press.

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Teorias elitistas, competitivas e minimalistas da democracia

Weber, Max. 1980. “Parlamentarismo e governo numa Alemanha reconstruída: uma contribuição à crítica política do funcionalismo e da política partidária”. In M. Weber, Os Pensadores. São Paulo: Abril, pp. 01-85.

Schumpeter, Joseph. 1961. Capitalismo, socialismo e democracia. Rio de Janeiro: Fundo de Cultura, pp. 288-366.

Dahl, Robert. 1973. Poliarchy. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Przeworski, Adam. 2010. Democracy and the limits of self-government. Cambridge:

Cambridge University Press.

Przeworski, Adam. 2003. “Minimalist conception of democracy: a defense”. In R. Dahl, I. Shapiro e J. A. Cheibub (orgs.), The democracy Sourcebook. Cambridge, Mass.: The MIT Press.

Przeworski, Adam. 1993. “Democracy as a contingent outcome of conflicts”. In J. Elster e R. Slagstad (orgs.), Constitutionalism and democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 59-80.

Teorias econômicas e minimalistas da democracia

Downs, Anthony. 1957. An economic theory of democracy. New York: Harper & Row.

Buchanan, James e Gordon Tullock. 1962. The calculus of consent. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.

Riker, William. 2003. “Social choice theory and constitutional democracy”. In T. Christiano (org.), Philosophy and democracy. An Anthology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 161-194.

Coleman, Jules. 1989. “Rationality and the justification of democracy”. In H. G. Brennan e L. Lomasky (orgs.), Politics and process: new essays in democratic thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 194-220.

Teorias da democracia participativa

Pateman, Carole. 1970. Participation and democratic theory. Cambridge, Cambrige University Press.

MacPherson, C. B. 1977. Life and times of liberal democracy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Mansbridge, Jane. 1983. Beyond adversary democracy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Barber, Benjamin. 2004. Strong democracy. Participatory politics for a new age. Berkeley:

University of California Press.

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Teorias da democracia deliberativa

Habermas, Jürgen. 1996. Between facts and norms. Contributions to a discourse theory of law and democracy. Cambridge-Mass.: The MIT Press.

Cohen, Joshua. 2003. “Procedure and substance in deliberative democracy”. In T. Christiano (org.), Philosophy and democracy. An Anthology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 17-38.

Cohen, Joshua. 1997. “Deliberation and democratic legitimacy”. In J. Bohman e W. Rehg (orgs.), Deliberative democracy: essays on reason and politics. Cambridge-Mass.: The MIT Press, pp. 67-92.

Fishkin,

James.

2011.

When

the

people

speak:

consultation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

deliberative

democracy

and

public

Gutmann, Amy. 2004. Why deliberative democracy? Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Gutmann, Amy e Dennis Thompson. 1996. Democracy and disagreement. Cambridge- Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Bohman, James. 1997. “Deliberative democracy and effective social freedom: capabilities, resources, opportunities”. In J. Bohman e W. Rehg (orgs.), Deliberative democracy:

essays on reason and politics. Cambridge-Mass.: The MIT Press, pp. 321-348.

Christiano, Thomas. 2012. “Rational deliberation among experts and citizens”. In J. Parkinson e J. Mansbridge (orgs.), Deliberative systems. Deliberative democracy at the large scale. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 27-51.

Parkinson, John. 2012. “Democratizing deliberative systems”. In J. Parkinson e J. Mansbridge (orgs.), Deliberative systems. Deliberative democracy at the large scale. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 151-172.

Bohman, James. 2012. “Representation and deliberative system”. In J. Parkinson e J. Mansbridge (orgs.), Deliberative systems. Deliberative democracy at the large scale. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 72-94.

Chambers, Simone. 2012. “Deliberation and mass democracy”. In J. Parkinson e J. Mansbridge (orgs.), Deliberative systems. Deliberative democracy at the large scale. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 52-71.

Democracia e liberdade de expressão

Meiklejohn, Alexander. 1948. Free speech and its relation to self-government. Disponível em http://digicoll.library.wisc.edu/cgi-bin/UW/UW-

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Sunstein, Cass. 1995. Democracy and the problem of free speech. New York: The Free Press.

Post,

Robert.

1995.

Constitutional

domains:

democracy,

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community,

management.

Democracia, liberdade de expressão e a “dificuldade da tolerância”

Scanlon, Thomas. 2003. “A theory of freedom of expression”. In T. Scanlon, The difficult of tolerance. Essays in political philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 6-25.

Scanlon, Thomas. 2003. “Freedom of expression and categories of expression”. In T. Scanlon, The difficult of tolerance. Essays in political philosophy. Cambridge:

Cambridge University Press, pp. 85-112.

Cohen, Joshua. 1993. “Freedom of expression”. Philosophy and Public Affairs, vol. 22, n o 3, pp. 207-263.

Dworkin, Ronald. 1996. Freedom's Law: the moral reading of the American Constitution. Cambridge-Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Michelman, Frank. 1989. “Conceptions of democracy in American Constitutional Argument: the case of pornography regulation”. Tennessee Law Review, vol. 56, n o 291, pp. 291-320.

Post,

Robert.

1995.

Constitutional

domains:

democracy,

Cambridge-Mass.: Harvard University Press.

community,

management.

Waldron, Jeremy. 2012. The harm in hate speech. Cambridge-Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Sunstein, Cass. 2003. Why societies need to dissent? Cambridge-Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Democracia, justiça distributiva e poder econômico

Dahl, Robert. 1956. A preface to economic democracy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Post, Robert. 2014. Citizens divided: campaign finance reform and the Constitution. Cambridge-Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Ackerman, Bruce e Ian Ayres. 2002. Voting with dollars: a new paradigma for campaign finance. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Democracia e liberdade de associação

Gutmann, Amy. 1998. Freedom of association. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

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Cohen, Jean e Andrew Arato. 1992. Civil society and political theory. Cambridge-Mass.:

The MIT Press.

Warren, Mark. 2001. Democracy and associations. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Rosenblum, Nancy. 1998. Membership and morals. The personal uses of pluralism and democracy in America. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Kymlicka, Will. 2000. Multicultural citizenship: a liberal theory of minority rights. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Walzer, Michael. 2004. Politics and passion. Toward a more egalitarian liberalism. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Chapman, John. 1969. “Voluntary association and the political theory of pluralism”. In J.

R. Pennock e J. Chapman (orgs.), Voluntary associations, vol. XI of Nomos. New York:

Atherton Press.

Goldschmidt, Maure. 1969. “Rousseau on intermediate association.” In J. R. Pennock e J. Chapman (orgs.), Voluntary associations, vol. XI of Nomos. New York: Atherton Press.

Kateb, George. 1969. “Some remarks on Tocqueville’s view of voluntary associations.” In

J. R. Pennock e J. Chapman (orgs.), Voluntary associations, vol. XI of Nomos. New

York: Atherton Press.

McConnell, Robert G. 1969. “The public values of the private association”. In J. R. Pennock e J. Chapman (orgs.), Voluntary associations, vol. XI of Nomos. New York:

Atherton Press.

McBride, William. 1969. “Voluntary association: the basis of an ideal model, and the ‘democratic’ failure”. In J. R. Pennock e J. Chapman (orgs.), Voluntary associations, vol. XI of Nomos. New York: Atherton Press.

Democracia, direitos de justiça e constitucionalismo

Dworkin, Ronald. 2003. “The majoritarian premise of constitutionalism”. In T. Christiano (org.), Philosophy and democracy. An Anthology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 241-257.

Sunstein, Cass. 1988. “Constitutions and democracies: an epilogue”. In J. Elster e R. Slagstad (orgs.), Constitutionalism and democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 327-353.

Sejersted, Francis. 1988. “Democracy and rule of law: some historical experiences of contradictions in the striving for good government”. In J. Elster e R. Slagstad (orgs.), Constitutionalism and democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 131-

152.

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Holmes, Stephen. 1988. “Precommitment and the paradox of democracy”. In J. Elster e R. Slagstad (orgs.), Constitutionalism and democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 195-240.

Holmes, Stephen. 1988. “Gag rules or the politics of omission”. In J. Elster e R. Slagstad (orgs.), Constitutionalism and democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.

19-58.

Lindblom, Michael. 1982. “The market as prison”. The Journal of Politics, vol. 44, n o 2, pp. 324-336.

Walzer, Michael. 2003. “Philosophy and democracy”. In T. Christiano (org.), Philosophy and democracy. An Anthology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 258-274.

Democracia e representação

Pitkin,

Hanna. 1972. The

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Manin,

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of

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Francisco: University

of

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Cambridge:

Urbinati, Nadia. 2006. Representative democracy: principles and genealogy. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Rosanvallon, Pierre. 1998. La contre-démocratie. La politique à la âge de la défiance. Paris: Seuil.

Democracia, representação e inclusão de minorias políticas

Phillips, Anne. 1998. The politics of presence. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Williams, Melissa. 2000. Voice, trust, and memory. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Young, Iris Marion. 2002. Inclusion and democracy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Benhabib, Seyla. 1996. Democracy and difference. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Democracia e republicanismos

Pettit, Philip. 2012. On the people’s terms. A republican theory and model of democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

McCormick, John. 2015. “Republicanism and democracy”. In A. Niederberger e P. Schink (orgs.), Republican democracy: liberty, law and politics. Edimburgo: Edinburgh University Press.

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Schink, Philipp. 2015. “Freedom, control and the state”. In A. Niederberger e P. Schink (orgs.), Republican democracy: liberty, law and politics. Edimburgo: Edinburgh University Press.

Bellamy, Richard. 2015. “Rights, republicanism and democracy”. In A. Niederberger e P. Schink (orgs.), Republican democracy: liberty, law and politics. Edimburgo: Edinburgh University Press.

Democracia, globalização e organismos internacionais

Bell, Daniel. 2006. Beyond liberal democracy. Political thinking for an East Asian context. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Dworkin, Ronald. 2006. Is democracy possible here? Principles for a new political debate. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Niederberger, Andreas. 2015. “Republicanism and transnational democracy”. In A. Niederberger e P. Schink (orgs.), Republican democracy: liberty, law and politics. Edimburgo: Edinburgh University Press.

Held,

David.

1995.

Democracy

and

the

global

order:

from

the

modern

state

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cosmopolitan governance. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Archibugi, Daniele. 2008. The global commonwealth of citizens: toward cosmopolitan democracy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Democracia e justiça de transição

Elster, Jon. 2004. Closing the books. Transitional justice in historical perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hayner, Priscilla. 2011. Unspeakable truths: transitional justice and the challenge of truth commissions. New York: Routledge.

Teitel, Ruti. 2002. Transitional justice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

De Greiff, Pablo. 2012. “Theorizing transitional justice”. In M. Williams, R. Nagy e J. Elster (orgs.), Transitional justice: NOMOS LI. New York/London: New York University Press.

Webber, Jeremy. 2012. “Forms of transitional justice”. In M. Williams, R. Nagy e J. Elster (orgs.), Transitional justice: NOMOS LI. New York/London: New York University Press.

Satz, Debra. 2012. “Countering the wrongs of the past: the role of compensation. In M. Williams, R. Nagy e J. Elster (orgs.), Transitional justice: NOMOS LI. New York/London: New York University Press.

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Vermeule, Adrian. 2012. “Reparations as rough justice. In M. Williams, R. Nagy e J. Elster (orgs.), Transitional justice: NOMOS LI. New York/London: New York University Press.

Bass, Gary. 2012. “Reparations as a noble lie. In M. Williams, R. Nagy e J. Elster (orgs.), Transitional justice: NOMOS LI. New York/London: New York University Press.

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