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ANSWERS

1. Given line 6x-10y+3=0, Kx-5y+8 are parallel


=
=
=2
K=3

2. Let equation line


= =1 B (o,b)
A (a,0) B (0,b)
Midpoint of AB = ( , ) = (2p, 2q) x P (2p, 2q)

a =4p b= 4q

End of line + =1 A (a,c)

+ =4

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3.. Given vertices A (2,4,-1) B(3,6,-1) C (4,5,1) let fourth D (x4y4z4)

Mid point of AC = Midpoint of BD

( , , ) = ( , , )

( , , )=( )

x4 + 3 =6 y4+6 = 9 z4-1 = 0
x4 = 3 y4 =3 z4 =1
Fourth vertex (3,3,1)

4. Given point (1,1,1)

Place x+2y+3z-7 =0  (1)

Equation plane passing through (1,1,1) and parallel to (1)

a(x-x1) + b(y-y1) + c (z-z1) = 0

1 (x-1) + 2 (y-1) + 3 (2-1) = 0

X+2y+3z-6 = 0

5. lt → √

lt → √1 + + 1
√ √

lt → √1 + + 1

lt → lt → (√1 + + 1)

log3 x (√1 +1)

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2 log3

6. lt →

lt →

2 lt →

= 2

lt →

7. y = f(x) = 7

= 7

=7 log7 (x3 + 3x)

=7 log7 (3x2 + 3)

8. y =

Put x = Tanθ

y=

y= ( 2θ)

y = 2θ

y = 2 Tan-1x

= 2. Tan-1x

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9. y = x2 + x x = 10 , Δx = 0.01

Δy = f(x+Δx) – f(x)

= [(x+Δx)2+(x+Δx)] – [x2+x]

= x2+ Δx2 + 2xΔx + x +Δx- x2- x

= (2x+1+Δx) Δx

= (20+1+0.1) (0.1)

Δy = 2.11

dy = x Δx

= (x2+x) x Δx

= (2x+1) x Δx

= (2 x 10 +1) (0.1)

= 21 x 0.1  2.1
10. Rolle’s Theorem:

If f: [a, b]  R be a function satisfying

(i) f is continuous on [a, b]


(ii) f is differentiable (a, b)
(iii) f (a) = f (b) then three exists at least one c [a, b] such that
f1(c) = 0.

11. A (2,3) B (-3,4) are two given points P (x, y) be a point on 10cms.

Are of ΔPAB = 8.5 P (x1 y1) A (2,3) B (-3,4)

ΔPAB = x1 (y2-y3) + x2 (y3-y1) + x3 (y1-y2) = 8.5

= x (3-4) + 2 (4-y1 ) – 3(y1 -3) =

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= -x-5y+17 = 17

= -x-5y+17 = ± 17

= x+5y =0 (CR) x+5y-3y = 0

The lines of P (x y)

(x+5y) (x+5y-34) = 0

12. Given new equation

x2 +3x4-2y2+17x-7y-11 = 0  (1)

given (h,k) = (2,3)

implies x = x-h y = y-k

x = x-2 y = y-3

Substitution in equation (1) 

(x-2)2 + 3(x-2)(y-3) – 2 (y-3)2 + 17 (x-2) – 7 (y-3) – 11 = 0

x2 + 3xy – 2y2 + 4x –y-20 = 0

13. Given equations √3x + y = 4

i) Slope intercepts form

√3x + y = 4

y = -√3x + 4

it is in y = mx + c

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Slope m = -√3

Y-intercept c = 4

ii) Intercept form

√3x + y = 4


+ =1

+ =1

x-intercept =

y-intercept = 4

iii) Normal form

√3x + y = 4

Dividing by (√3) + 1 = √4 =2


+ =


x( )+y( )=2


cos α = sin α = p=2

α=

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implies Equation of lines x cos + y sin = 2

14. f (x) = x≠0

(b2 – a2 ) x=0


lt → ( ) = lt →

() ()
= lt →

( ) ( )
= −2 lt → x lt →
( ) ( )

= -2 x 1 x ( )x1x( )

( )( )
= -2

( ) )
= -2 =

Implies lt → ( )= ( 0)

Implies f is continuous at x = 0

15. f(x) = Tan 2x


( ) ( )
f1(x) = lt →

( )
= lt →

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( )

( )
= lt →

( ) ( )
= lt → ( )

( )
= lt → ( )

= lt → lt ( )

2x .

= 2 sec22x

16. y = 5x4 point (1,5)

= 20x3

Slope of tangent at (1,5)

m = 20(1)3 = 20

Equation of Tangent

y-5 = 20 (x-1)

20x-y-15 = 0

Slope of normal at (1,5)

m=

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Equation of normal

y-5 = (x-1)

20y-100 = -x+1

x + 20y-101 = 0

17. Given curve y = 2x2

P(x,y) = (2,8) put

Given that =4

=?

y = 2x2

= 2x2

= 4x.

= 4 (2) x 4

= 32

Implies Rate of change in y = 32

18. Given A(-2,-1) B (6,-1) C (2,5)

AD, BE are altitudes.

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A
Slope of BC = =
B
Slope of AD =

Each of AD y+1 = (x+2)

3y + 3 = 2x + 4 B D C
2x – 3y+1 = 0  (1)

Slope of CA = = =

Slope of BE =

Equation of BE y+1 = (x-6)

3y+3 = -2x+12

2x+3y-9 = 0  (2)

Solve of (1) & (2)

2x-3y+1 = 0

2x+3y-9 = 0

4x – 8 = 0  x = 2

y=

orthocenter = (2, )

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19. Given equation 2x2-2xy+3y2+2x-y-1 =0

Line x+2y = k  (1)

=1  (2)

Homogenizing the curve (1) and (2)

2x2-2xy+3y2+2x(1)-y(1)-1(1)2 = 0

2x2-2xy+3y2+(2x-y) ( )-( )2 = 0

2x2-2xy+3y2+ ( )-( ) =0

2k2x2 – 2k2xy + 3k2y2 + k (2x2+3xy-2y2) – x2-4y2-4xy = 0

(2k2 + 2k – 1) x2 + (-2k2 + 3k – 4) xy + (3k2 - 2k – 4) y2 = 0

Given lines are perpendicular

a+b=0

2k2 + 2k -1 + (3k2 – 2k -4) = 0

5k2 – 5 = 0

k=±1

20. ax2 + 2hxy + by2 + 2gx + 2fy + c = 0  (1)

Let separate lines of (1)

lx+my+n1 = 0  (1)

lx+my+n2 = 0  (2)

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Combined equation and compare

a1a2 = a b1b2 = b lm + lm = 2h
l2 = a m2 = b 2lm = 2h
lm = h

ln1+ln2 = 2g (or) mn2 + mn1 = 2f


n1 + n2 = n1+n2 =

i. h2 = (lm)2 = l2m2 = ab
ii. =

mg = lf

m2g2 = l2f2

bg2 = af2
| |
iii. Distance = √
( )
=

( )
=

( ) )
=

= ( )

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Y
21.

B
E

G
F

X
O

C D

Let ‘a’ be the length of each side of a cube let one vertex of the cube be the origin and
the coordinative axes along the three edges. , , and passing through origin.

The foue diagonals are , , , . The co-ordinates of the vertices of the cube
are 0 (0,0,0) A (a,0,0) B(0,a,0) C (0,0,a) F (a,a,a) E (a,a,0) G (0,a,a,) D (a,0,a)

Let l,m,n are diagonals s of a given ray and this ray makes angles α, ß, γ, δ with four
diagonals of cube.

Diagonals of = (a-0, a-0,a-0) = (a,a,a)

Diagonals of OF = √ , , = ( , , )
√ √ √ √ √

Then Diagonals of = ( , , )
√ √ √

Diagonals of = ( , , )
√ √ √

Diagonals of CE =( , , )
√ √ √

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Angle between ray and OF ‘α’

cos α = l + + =
√ √ √ √

cos ß =

cos γ =

cos δ =

cos2 α + cos2ß + cos2 γ + cos2 δ = ( ) +( ) +( ) +( )


√ √ √ √

= = ( + + )=

22. √1 − + 1− = a (x-y)  (1)

Let x = Sinθ1 y = Sinθ2

(1) =
√1 − θ1 + √1 − θ2 = a (Sinθ1- Sinθ2)
Cosθ1+ Cosθ2 = a(Sinθ1- Sinθ2)
2cos cos = a (2cos ) sin ( )
( )
= 9
( )

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− = 2 cot-1 (a)

Sin-1 x – sin-1 y = 2 cot-1 (a)

Differentiate with respect to ‘x’

1 1
− =0
√1 − 1−

1 1
=
1− √1 −

1−
=
1−

23. Given equations xmyn = am+n  (1)

Differentiate with respect to xm nyn-1 + yn. mnm-1 = 0


=


=

Since slope of Tangent at P (x,y)

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=

Equations of tangent

y-y1 = ( − )


− = +

1 1
+ = +

+
+ =

+ + + = 1

It meet x, y axis at A and B


A=( , 0) : B = ( 0, . )
P (x,y) divides AB − ∶ −
x- ∶ −0

+
−1∶ 1 → :

24. Let 2n be the length and y be the breadth of rectangle.

Let n be the radius of semicircle.

Given perimeter = 20

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2x + 2y + πx = 20

2y = 20 – πx – 2x  (1)

Area of window = Area of rectangle + Area of Semicircle

= x(2y) + πx r=x

.
= x (20- πx-2x) + x x

= 20x - πx − 2x +

f( x ) = 20x - - 2x y y
1
f (x) = 20- πx – 4x
for max f1(x) = 0
20 = (π + 4) n
n = 2x
max area of window = f( )
= 20 ( )- ( )2 – 2( )2
( )
= ( )

= seet.

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