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Flexner Report

In 1910, supported by a Carnegie grant, Abraham Flexner visited the 155 medical schools in the United
States and Canada. The Flexner report was based on these findings, and its goal was to increase
accountability in medical education. The results of the study brought about the following changes:
closure of inadequate medical schools, consolidation of schools with limited resources, creation of
nonprofit status for remaining schools, and establishment of medical education in university settings
based on standards and strong economic resources.

Adalaide Nutting saw the value and impact of the Flexner report on medical education, and, in 1911,
together with other colleagues of the Superintendents’ Society, presented a proposal to the Carnegie
Foundation to study nursing education. This foundation never allocated monies to study nursing
education, but it supported educational studies in other disciplines such as law, dentistry, and teaching.

Although the efforts of Nutting and other nursing leaders went unheeded, in 1906 Richard Olding Beard
successfully established a 3-year diploma school of nursing at the University of Minnesota under the
College of Medicine.