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Answer Excel Test Term 2/2017

1. C 2. C 3. D 4. B 5. C 6. A 7. B 8. D

9. C 10. A 11. A 12. B 13. A 14. D 15. D

16 a (i) Eºcell = Eºred + Eºox


= + 1.33 + (-0.17)
= + 1.16 V
(ii) 3SO2 (g) + Cr2O72- (aq) + 2H+ (aq) → 2Cr 3+ (aq) + 3SO42- (aq) + H2O (l)
(b) At anode : oxygen gas is evolved
2H2O (l) → O2 + 4H+ + 4e
Q = It
= 2.00 x (30.0 x 60)
= 3600 C
From half equation :
1 mol O2 → 4F = 4 x 96500 C
x mol → 3600 C
x = 9.33 x 10 -3 mol
1 mol of gas occupies 24.4 dm3 at 25 ºC and 101 kPa
Volume of O2 = 9.33 x 10-3 x 24.4 dm3 = 0.228 dm3
= 2.28 x 102 cm3
17 a.
Element Na Mg Al Si P S Cl

Formula Na2O MgO Al2O3 SiO2 P4O6 SO2 Cl2O


of oxide P4O10 SO3 Cl2O7

b. (i) Al2O3 (s) + 2OH – (aq) + 3H2O (l) →2 [Al(OH)4]-

(ii) Al2O3 (s) + 6H+ (aq) → 2Al3+ (aq) + 3H2O (l)

c. Mg2+ ion has high charge density than Ba2+ ion and hence has greater polarising power than Ba 2+ .
The electron cloud of the nitrate ion is distorted by Mg 2+ to a greater extent, so Mg(NO 3)2 decomposes
at a lower temperature and thermaly less stable compare to Ba(NO 3)2.

18.a(i) Heat energy released when 1 mol of octane is burned in excess of oxygen under standard
conditions

(ii) x
C8H18 (l) + 25/2 O2 (g) → 8CO2 (g) + 9H2O (l) x + (-250) = (8x -394) + (9 x -286)
8 x -394
-250 8O2 (g) 9/2 O2(g) ∆Hc = -5476 kJmol -1
9 x -286

Pt 8C (s) + 9H2(g)
H2 (g, 1 atm)

18 b (i)
Fe2+ (1.0 moldm-3)
+
Pt
Fe3+ (1.0 moldm-3)
H+ (1.0 moldm-3)
Salt bridge,
KCl
(ii)
Fe3+ + e- → Fe2+ E0 = + 0.77 V
+
Cl2 + 2H2O → 2HOCl + 2H + 2e E0 = - 1.64 V
_______________________________________________
2Fe3+ + Cl2 + 2 H2O →2HOCl + 2H+ + 2Fe2+
E0cell = - 0.87 V
Since E0cell is negative, reaction is not spontaneous

19 (a) Na, Mg and Al = metals


Strong metallic bonding, high m.p
The number of delocalised electrons increase, strength of metallic bonding increase
m.p increases Na< Mg < Al

Si = metalloid
Si has giant covalent structure held by strong covalent bonds
Si has very high m.p

P, S, Cl exist as simple covalent molecules. Argon is monoatomic


Very low m.p & b.p . little energy is needed to overcome the weak i.m.f Van der Waal’s forces
Strength of Van der Waal’s forces directly proportional to the size of the molecule
m.p decrease in the order S8 > P4 > Cl2 > Ar

(b) Cl2 (g) + H2O (l) ↔ HCl (aq) + HClO (aq)


Disproportionation reaction
Products: i) hydrochloric acid
ii) chloric (I) acid/ hypochlorous acid

(c) The solubility of the sulphates of Group 2 decreases down the group.
BeSO4 > MgSO4 > CaSO4 > SrSO4 > BaSO4
Solubility of a salt in water depends on lattice energy and hydration energy.
Going down the group, both the lattice energy and the hydration of energy decreases due to an
increase in the size of M 2+ cation. Due to the large size of anion SO 4 2- compared to the M2+ cation,
lattice energy changes only very little going down the group. However, the hydration of energy
decreases more significantly.
Therefore the enthalpy of solution becomes more endothermic and the solubility decreases down the
group.