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Programs Behind Farmer’s Agricultural Organization

Background of the Study

The goal of sustainable agriculture is to meet


society’s food and textile needs in the present without
compromising the ability of future generations to meet
their own needs. Practitioners of sustainable agriculture
seek to integrate three main objectives into their work: a
healthy environment, economic profitability, and social and
economic equity. Every person involved in the food system—
growers, food processors, distributors, retailers,
consumers, and waste managers—can play a role in ensuring a
sustainable agricultural system.

There are many practices commonly used by people


working in sustainable agriculture and sustainable food
systems. Growers may use methods to promote soil health,
minimize water use, and lower pollution levels on the farm.
Consumers and retailers concerned with sustainability can
look for “values-based” foods that are grown using methods
promoting farmworker wellbeing, that are environmentally
friendly, or that strengthen the local economy. And
researchers in sustainable agriculture often cross
disciplinary lines with their work: combining biology,
economics, engineering, chemistry, community development,
and many others. However, sustainable agriculture is more
than a collection of practices. It is also process of
negotiation: a push and pull between the sometimes
competing interests of an individual farmer or of people in
a community as they work to solve complex problems about
how we grow our food and fiber.

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Programs Behind Farmer’s Agricultural Organization

Definition of Terms

Agriculture – the science or occupation of farming

- describes as the practice of growing crops or


raising animals.people who are involved in
agriculture industry are called farmers.

Profitability – making money; producing good or helpful


results or effects

- it is when a farmer earns money by selling his/her


products in the market.

Growers – to become larger: to increase in size, amount,


etc.

- are materials that are used to help crops grow and


bare a healthy harvest.
- Are called to farmers who plant crops, harvest, and
sell crops to gain income

Commodity-based – something that is bought and sold

- it is when product produced based on the demand of


the customers.

Breed – to keep and take care of animals or plants in order


to produce more animals or plants of a particular kind

- it is when animals are domesticated to produce more


offspring

Convenes – to come together in a group for a meeting

- happens between farmers and Government Officials who


wants to have a meeting and implement the adequate
programs for the farmers.

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Programs Behind Farmer’s Agricultural Organization

Extension – an enlargement in scope or operation

- It is when different programs are extended by the


government officials to help the progress in the
productivity of the farmers.

Stakeholders – a person or business that has invested money


in something ( such as company)

- they are the persons who lend assistance to the


farmers in terms of financial needs.

Livestock – farm animals (such as cow, horses, and pigs)


that are kept, raised and used by people.

- they are domesticated animals that are entrusted to


the farmers for their livelihood.

Mechanization – to change ( a process or an activity) so


that it is done with machines instead of by people or
animals

- farmers use technology-based equipments to further


improve and to lessen the time consumed.

Adoption – the act or process of beginning to use something


new or different

- it is when farmers adopt the adequate ways on how to


grow their crops instructed by the government
programs.

Providers – a group or company that provides a specified


service

- It is when different programs are given to the


farmers for their essential needs.

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Programs Behind Farmer’s Agricultural Organization

Producers – someone who is in charge of making and usually


providing the money for a play, movie record, etc.

- are people who work for the agricultural industry,


for the production of goods.

Contribution – a payment ( as a levy or tax) imposed by


military or ecclesiastic authorities usually for a special
or extraordinary purpose

- an act of doing service, by planting goods,


harvesting and marketing in return for the programs
and support given to them by the government and also
for the betterment of our country.

Loans – an amount of money that is given to someone for a


period of time with a promise that it will be paid back; an
amount of money that is borrowed

- Any at several vehicles used to finance agricultural


transactions, including loans, and other bills. This
type of financing is used to help the needs of
farmers, which are used to buy crops,and other that
are used in farming, others are determined by
farming, harvesting , and marketing cycles.

Deterioration – the act or process of becoming worse

- It is the decreasing of the certain economy and also


the decreasing of goods, because of the season where
livelihood of people were destroyed.

Investment – the outlay of money usually for income or


profit: capital outlay: also : the sum invested of the
properly purchased

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Programs Behind Farmer’s Agricultural Organization

- is an agricultural business operation that is


purchased and operated with the intention of making
a profit, or with the goal of creating a tax
deduction for the owner.

Agency – a business that provide a particular service

- advisor employed by the government to assist people


in rural areas with methods of farming and home
economics.

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Programs Behind Farmer’s Agricultural Organization

The Respondents/Subjects

Government Implementing Official

Name: Ramon A. Tejero Jr.

Age: 40 years old

Date Of Birth: November 03, 1977

Current Work Position: Farm Worker II / 4H Club Coordinator


and P4MP Coordinator

Farmer

Name: Felix Calimlim Jr.

Age: 60

Date of Birth: October 12, 1958

Current Work Position: Farmer / President of Lino Flores


Farmers Association

Field Experience: American Missionerist Field or Farm

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Programs Behind Farmer’s Agricultural Organization

Picture of the Respondents

Government Implementing Official

Ramon A. Tejero Jr.

Farmer

Felix Calimlim Jr.

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Programs Behind Farmer’s Agricultural Organization

Venue

Process

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Programs Behind Farmer’s Agricultural Organization

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Programs Behind Farmer’s Agricultural Organization

Review of Related-Literature and Studies

This chapter includes the ideas, finished thesis,


generalization or conclusions, dissertation, etc. Those
that were include in this chapter helps in familiarizing
information that are relevant and similar to the present
study.

Related Literature

Local

According to Fao (2013), there are a lot of programs


established by the different Agricultural Institutions to
help the farmer’s in their progress. The Philippine
Agricultural Training Institute has established different
programs in order to help the farmer’s in their livelihood.
In the commodity-based specifically on rice production they
had the program “Agricultural Development Officers
Community” (AgRiDOC). This program aims to ensure the
future agricultural extension by producing a new breed of
extension and development officers through this initiative
under the research project on “Improving Technology
Promotion and Delivery through Capability Enhancement of
the Next Generation of Rice Extension Professionals and
other Intermediates” or IPAD. This had been possible
through the collaboration with the Department of
Agriculture (DA Rice Program, Philippine Rice
Institute(PhilRice)and International Rice Research
Institute(IRRI).They also had the Training of Trainers,
this program conducts training programs on various
technologies on rice production for Agricultural Extension

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Programs Behind Farmer’s Agricultural Organization

Workers(AEWs) who, in turn, will equip rice farmer’s with


new knowledge, attitude and skills. And they also have the
Season-long Training. This provides intensive training
programs for AEWs and farmer’s which include hands-on
activities on land preparation, crop management, machinery
operation, among others. And when it refers to Corn and
Cassava there are also programs that are established just
like the Farmer-Scientist Training Program (FTSP). This
program aims to uplift the condition of the poor farmer’s
through this corn-based partnership program for sustainable
agricultural development. This is an integrative three-
phase agricultural research, development and extension
methodology. It capacitates these farmers on becoming
farmer-scientists by providing training on various
development and farming technologies. They also have School
on the Air which offers a distance learning programs
through radio on the complete package of technology on corn
production for farmers. They also have the Training of
Trainers just like in the Rice Production which also has
the same functions. Another is National Corn Progress which
convenes corn industry stakeholders annually to generate
new insights and recommendations towards enhanced
competitiveness. In High Value Crops they have also
established Training Programs on Good Agricultural
Practices (GAP). This program ensures continuous learning
among our farmers in terms of applying GAP methods and
techniques in the production of Cacao, Banana, Mango,
Highland vegetables, lowland vegetables and other high
value crops. In the Organic Agriculture, Capability-
building Program is one that ensures the development in the
practice of organic agriculture in the country in line with
the Organic Agriculture Act of 2010(Republic Act No.10068),

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Programs Behind Farmer’s Agricultural Organization

This also provides support to and conduct seminars and


training activities on organic farming leading to National
Certificate II in collaboration with TESDA. They also have
National Organic Agricultural Congress. In collaboration
with the DA and the Bureau of Agriculture and Fishery
Standards, they gather various stakeholders in organic
agriculture in this annual event launched in 2003 to
promote sustainable and healthy farming and showcase
success stories of organic farming practitioners. And the
Extension Grants for Extension Service Providers in which
they accredits private ESPs to provide a variety of
extension activities to the stakeholders on organic
agriculture as well as hasten and improve public-private
partnership on extension services. And when it refers to
Urban Agriculture they also have the program Street
Caravans in which they hold seminar series in barangays in
different cities to engage households in the food
sustainability efforts. They also visit schools to provide
the awareness of the students about farming and increase
their appreciation towards agriculture as a viable source
of food sustenance of the generation. When referring to
Livestock this training institute ensures the continuous
development of the livestock industry through their various
training initiatives that provide the stakeholders up-tp-
date knowledge, attitude and skills on Halal, pig husbandry
and others. And lastly, when referring to Social
Technologies they have the program Extension Management
which, through the provision of training, they equip the
staff from Local Government Units (LGUs) with working
knowledge and skills to become effective leaders and
extension managers in adapting to change, overcoming
resistance and adopting innovative and efficient management

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Programs Behind Farmer’s Agricultural Organization

techniques to remain high performers. They also have the


program Agri Mechanization. By virtue of Republic Act 10601
or the Agriculture and Fisheries Mechanization (AFMech)
Law, they provide support services to promote the
development and adoption of modern, appropriate, cost-
effective and environmentally safe agricultural and
fisheries machinery and equipment. And the Special Concerns
Program which recognizes the contribution of the persons
with disabilities, senior citizens and indigenous people in
nation building, we conduct a series of lectures and
training on sustainable agriculture and livelihood
improvement.

According to Santos (2015), aside from the programs that


focuses on the production of farmer’s there are also a lot
of extension services programs that also help in the
production and progress of farming. One of them is the
Private Extension Service Providers (P-ESPs).As part of the
Extension Accreditation Services component of our
ladderized approach to extension, they encourage individual
LSPA I and LPSA II farmer/farm family operators to form an
“organization/network of extension service providers” to
enable them to apply for accreditation as our P-ESPs.
Considered as full-fledged extension agencies, P-ESPs are
better equipped as their partners in the provision of
extension services to farmers/fishers and their
organizations. Another program is the Big Brother-Small
Brother Extension Partnership Scheme on Farm Tourism that
aims to boost the farm tourism industry in the country,
they encourage LSPA owners and operators as “big brothers”
who adopt small farmers as “small brothers” and capacitate
them with ASK and eventually become their partners in

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Programs Behind Farmer’s Agricultural Organization

agribusiness.This is in compliance with the provisions of


Section 91 of the Implementing Rules and Regulations of the
Republic Act No. 8435 or the Agriculture and Fisheries
Modernization Act and per DA Administrative Order No. 22,
Series of 2008.

According to the Philippine Agricultural Training Institute


(2015) there are also Partnership and Programs which offers
big help to our farmers. One of the partnerships is the
Malitubog-Maridagao Irrigation Project. In partnership with
the National Irrigation Association, they provide training
and technical assistance on sustainable rice production to
members of the Irrigators Association in Autonomous Region
in Muslim Mindanao and Region XII. Another is the Better
Rice Initiatives in Asia in which they provide training on
value chains, basic agriculture, rice specific farming
techniques and enhanced methods on training delivery to
Agricultural Extension Workers and lead farmers in Iloilo,
Aurora and Southern Leyte. Another is the Weather Index
Based Insurance that focuses on strengthening the
capacities of our farmers and farmer associations to
increase resilience of agricultural production,they provide
training/ briefings on Farmers' Decision Support System,
Good Agricultural Practices, and Climate-Smart Farmers'
School. Then the ASEAN Sectoral Working Group on
Agricultural Training and Extension, in contribution to the
total development of human capital in the agricultural and
fisheries sector, we provide training and extension on
crops, fisheries and livestock, as well as disseminating
technologies in various commodities. And lastly they also
established the Project for Strengthening Capacity Building
in Agriculture Sector in ASEAN countries Phase 2 (CB

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Programs Behind Farmer’s Agricultural Organization

Project 2) which enhances the capabilities of agriculture-


related practitioners and officials in ASEAN member states
through training courses, seminar, and dispatch of Japanese
experts funded by the ASEAN- Ministry of Agriculture,
Forestry and Fisheries.

Foreign

According to Filler (2013), agriculture had been a


great source of livelihood in some countries all over the
world specifically in Canada and as their agriculture
continues to grow, many programs are also created to
support their progress. One of them is the Advance Payment
Program which provides producers with a cash advance on the
values of their agricultural products. And this program
specifically focuses on farmer’s and food producers and to
young farmers or new entrants. Another program is
AgriCompetitiveness Program which provides matching
contributions to help the agricultural sector to leverage,
coordinate and build on existing capacity, share best
practices, provide mentorship opportunities, as well as
agriculture awareness, farm business management and farm
safety information and tools. This program provides funding
to the sector to promote the benefits of a career in
agriculture and to enhance the public's perception of
agriculture and its role in the economy.Another is Canadian
Agriculture Loans Act Program which provides financial loan
guarantees to farmers and agricultural co-operatives in
order to establish, improve, and develop farms. They also
have program that focuses on livestock just like Canadian
Animal Genetic Resources that aims to preserve the genetic
diversity of Canadian livestock and poultry breeds, and to

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Programs Behind Farmer’s Agricultural Organization

develop new techniques to conserve germplasm. Another is


the Community pasture Program which conserves the land
resource, protecting it from deterioration due to drought
while utilizing the land primarily for the grazing and
breeding of livestock. They also have the program Dairy
Farm Investment Program where dairy farmers can receive up
to $100 000 for targeted investments in farm technologies
and upgrades to equipment that improve productivity. They
also have the program Farm Debt Mediation Service in which
they provide financial counseling and mediation services to
farmers in financial difficulty. And lastly the Minor Use
Pesticides Program that works with producers, the
provinces, Health Canada's Pest Management Regulatory
Agency, pesticide manufacturers and the U.S. IR-4 Project
to establish producer-selected pest problems on minor
crops, match them with pesticides and prepare regulatory
submissions for new minor uses of pesticides.

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Interview Protocols

1.What are the different programs behind the farmers


agricultural organization? 3 Main Programs.

(Ano ang lain-lain nga mga programa sa likod sang


organisasyon sang mga mangunguma?)

2.What are the benefits of those programs to the farmers?.

(Ano ang mga benepisyo sang ini nga mga programa sa mga
mangunguma?)

3.What are the negative and positive effects of these


programs to the farmers?

(Ano ang mga negatibo kag positibo nga epekto sa mga


mangunguma sang ini nga mga programa?)

4.How can these programs improve the productivity of the


farmers?.

(Paano mapauswag sang ini nga mga programa ang


pagkaproduktibo sang mga mangunguma?)

5.What are the main goals of these programs?

(Ano gid ang ginahandum sang ini nga mga programa?)

6.How essential are these programs for the farmers?

(Ano ka importante ang ini nga mga programa para sa mga


mangunguma?)

7.When did these programs started?

(Kang san-o nag-umpisa ang ini nga mga programa?)

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Programs Behind Farmer’s Agricultural Organization

8.What are the requirements needed to engage in such


programs?.

(Ano ang mga kinahanglan para ikaw mangin isa man


kamiyembro sang ini nga mga organisasyon?)

9.If the government related programs are removed, how can


this affect the farmers?.

(Kung ang mga programa nga may kaangtanan sa gobyerno ang


pagakuhaon, paano ini makaapekto sa mga mangunguma?)

10.How do these programs help the farmers overcome the


problems regarding to the sale of the product?

(Paano makabulig ang ini nga mga programa sa mga mangunguma


sa pagsolbar sang mga problema nahanungud sa pagbaligya
sang ila mga produkto?.)

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Programs Behind Farmer’s Agricultural Organization

Answer to the Questions

(Farmer’s Answer)

1.The different programs intended for the farmer’s


agricultural organization are Livestock Government Program,
Fruit Trees or Cacao Plantation and Onion Production.

2.When in terms of the benefits derived from the high value


program of the government that is introduced to the farmers
there will be a market demand when in terms of money and
value.

3. The negative impact of the programs to the farmers is


that, if the farmers are not prepared for the climatic
condition then it is not favorable while the positive
impact is when the land preparation and climatic condition
is warrant or favorable to a certain crop, whether it is a
fruit tree, vegetable or livestock.

4. There is no government program that can improve the


productivity of the farmers somehow, the farmer’s lack of
technical knowledge to improve their productivity in terms
of crop or animals in production is the problem why there
are no progress in production.

5.The main goal of this program is to help the farmers on


gaining more profit and gain knowledge about the adequate
way of rice production.

6.The essential factor of these programs are to help the


farmer’s a whole year round and to sustain their needs.

7. It started a long time ago, during Marcos regime until


now. The only difference is that the Program Titles are
changed and its governance.

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Programs Behind Farmer’s Agricultural Organization

8.The only requirement is to get registered in an


association,follow the rules and regulations and be active
as well.

9.If the government programs will be abolished the farmers


could not be aces where they want to.

10.It will be referred to the law of supply and demand:


Proper timing of a certain high value of commodities and
crops.

(Government Implementing Official’s Answer)

1. The three main programs are the HIGHTA (Higher


Technology Adaptation), PCIC(Philippine Crop Insurance
Company) and the AI (Artificial Insemination)

2. The benefit of these programs that refers to the


Livestock is that the insurance of their animals is
free and by the training programs conducted by the
implementers of using high technology in farming gives
great benefit to the farmers.

3. The negative effects is that, when these programs are


successfully implemented the farmers tend to be
dependent on the government’s assistance and does not
try on their own while the positive effects is that,
the farmers are now empowered and are knowledgeable
about the proper use of the farming tools and learn
the proper way of rice and crop production.

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Programs Behind Farmer’s Agricultural Organization

4. These programs can improve the productivity of the


farmers by series of trainings conducted by the
government and after the training, there are
implementations so that the farmers can apply what
they had learned in the training and this also leads
to being productive of the farmers.

5. The main goal of these programs is to lower the cost


of production but make the profits higher. And it is
said that farming is not a way of life but it is a
business.

6. These programs are very essential for the farmers


since these renders great help to them on the
production of their rice and crops.

7. In order to engage in these programs you need to be


registered as a member of the Farmer’s Association

8. These programs specifically have their specific date


when it first started, and these programs had started
around 2010 onwards.

9. If the government-related programs are to be removed


the farmers will definitely encounter a lot of
problems since these programs serve as their support
and the pillar of their productivity.

10. These programs help the farmers regarding to the


problems on the sale of their product by teaching them
on considering the Law of Supply and Demand. In which

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the farmers will know on how to control their


production and supply just the exact amount of demand
by the customers.

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Programs Behind Farmer’s Agricultural Organization

Appendices

Tigbauan National High School


Tupan St., Tigbauan , Iloilo
Senior High School

February 21, 2019

EUGENIA T. SAYSON
Municipal Agriculturist
Tigbauan, Iloilo

Dear Ma’am,

We are presently conducting our Research Paper


entitled “Programs Behind Farmer’s Agricultural
Organizations” in the Municipality of Tigbauan as a
requirement in our subject Practical Research 1 at Tigbauan
National High School.

In connection with this, may we have the honor to


request permission to administer an interview with you on
the different programs behind the Farmer’s Agricultural
Organization on February 28, 2019 at 1:30 p.m.

Rest assured that all information will be treated with


utmost care and will be considered confidential.

We are hoping that this request merits your favorable


action. Thank you very much and God Bless.

Respectfully yours,

GROUP 1 ABM- ARTEMIS (SGD)


Researchers

Approved:

RANDY T. AYUYON (SGD)


Master Teacher II
Research Teacher

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