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DOCUMENT TITLE:

CIVIL STRUCTURAL
DESIGN BASIS REPORT

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CONTENTS
CONTENTS........................................................................................................................................................................................2

1. INTRODUCTION......................................................................................................................................................................3

2. SITE LOCATION........................................................................................................................................................................3

3. DEFINATIONS..........................................................................................................................................................................3

4. FACILITIES PLANNED...............................................................................................................................................................4

5. REFERENCE CODES & STANDARDS.........................................................................................................................................5

6. DESIGN UNITS.........................................................................................................................................................................6

7. SOIL & EARTHWORKS.............................................................................................................................................................6

8. BUILDING STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS................................................................................................................................6


8.1 PLANT building.............................................................................................................................................................6
8.2 WAREHOUSES.............................................................................................................................................................8
8.3 UTILITY BLOCKS.......................................................................................................................................................8
8.4 ANCILLARY BLOCKS................................................................................................................................................9
8.5 CLADDING...................................................................................................................................................................9
8.6 FLOORING....................................................................................................................................................................9
8.7 INFRASTRUCTURE WORKS.....................................................................................................................................9
8.8 WATER STORAGE SYSTEMS..................................................................................................................................10
9. GENERAL DESIGN PHILOSOPHY...........................................................................................................................................10
9.1 architectural development plan....................................................................................................................................10
9.2 development phases......................................................................................................................................................10
9.3 PEB Roof.....................................................................................................................................................................10
9.4 RCC Structure..............................................................................................................................................................10
10. MATERIALS SPECIFICATIONS –.........................................................................................................................................11
10.1 pRE-ENGINEERED BUILDING material specifications...........................................................................................11
10.2 CONCRETE material specifications............................................................................................................................11
11. DESIGN PARAMETERS......................................................................................................................................................12
11.1 peb works.....................................................................................................................................................................12
11.2 concrete works.............................................................................................................................................................15

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1. INTRODUCTION

2. SITE LOCATION

3. DEFINATIONS

4. FACILITIES PLANNED

5. DESIGN UNITS
The International (SI) system of metric units is used for this project.

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6. SOIL & EARTHWORKS


Soil investigation carried out in the proposed site recommends adopting SBC and other design
criteria’s as follows:
SBC of Soil (for all the buildings) : 2.50 kg/cm²
SBC of Soil for Boiler house area : 3.00 kg/cm²
Water Table : NA, as was not encountered as per soil report
Depth of Foundation : 1.5 m below finished ground level
Type of Foundation : Isolated / combined foundation
Settlement criteria : Within Permissible Limits, as per soil report

7. BUILDING STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS


Primarily, the building structural components have been subdivided as per the following.
 PEB Roofing System
 Cladding / Solid block masonry wall
 Concrete Flooring
 RCC framed structure

By considering the functionality of the buildings, various combinations of roofing systems have
been evaluated as per the following.

7.1 PLANT BUILDING


In the Plant Building, the grid of 7.5m x 13.75m has been considered as per the internal machinery
layout of the ground floor. The Plant Building shall have mezzanine slab at +10.60 m level which
will act as a machine floor. The machinery loading on this floor has been considered as 750 Kg/m²
based on the requirement for the floors of plant building as per the codal provisions.
It is envisaged that there will be vibrations from the machinery which needs to be isolated from
the rest of the structure. It is planned to isolate the supporting of the machinery from the main
building which requires a separate structural support for mounting of the machines. By doing this,
vibrations will not be transferred to the main building. However the machines in particular, the
vibratory conveyors will give rise to vibration levels that will cause some level of discomfort to
human beings and may adversely affect the functioning of sensitive electronic gadgets attached to
these machinery. To address these problems, these machines have to be designed and fabricated
such that proper load balancing is done. Further these machines have to be provided with suitable
spring supports which will act as energy dissipating devices.
The first floor of the plant building will have sloping roof with the pitch of 1 in 10 with bare
galvalume sheet roofing and it is designed for a load intensity of 75 kg/m² and service load of
35kg/m² with stainless steel gutters on either side.

Following structural systems have been considered for evaluation:


Ground Floor Structural System:
 RCC Beam Slab Structure:

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 Grid slab

First Floor Structural System:


 PEB rafters with sheet roofing
 RCC Beam at Gable end

RCC Beam Slab Structure:


 Column Grid: 7.5m x 13.75m
 Beam Grid: 3.75m x 13.75m
 Beam Sizes: 450mm x 1200mm
 Slab Thickness: 175mm
 One way slab system
 Ease of construction
 Relatively more number of corners for dust collection. To mitigate this, chamfering/coving has
been planned for all the junctions for easy clean ability
 Ease of flexibility in machinery layouts
 Ease of vibration separation for the machineries
 The possibilities of beetle infestation is very low
 Economical

PEB rafter & purlins with sheet roofing:


 Column Grid: 7.5m x 27.5m
 Supporting System: PEB rafter with fixed base supported on RCC Columns at 19.85m (top of
concrete of Column)
 Flashings at the eaves and at the gables
 Ease of construction
 Flexibility in supporting the services from the roof
 Relatively economical
 Speed of construction

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7.2 WAREHOUSES
The grid for the warehouses has been adopted based on the type of roof supporting system that
will be adopted for evaluation purpose. The eaves height of the warehouse has been considered
as 6.00m based on the Fire and Line Safety norms so that no extra treatment for the structure will
be required to meet these standards. The ware house roofing has been envisaged as sloping roof
with a design load intensity of 75 kg/m² together with a service load of 25kg/m² with the pitch of
the roofing as 1 in 10.
RCC Columns are being planned up to the eaves height for all the systems, RCC Gutters/MS
Gutters have been considered depending upon the type of roofing system.

Following structural systems have been considered for evaluation:

 PEB rafters with sheet roofing


 RCC Beam at Gable end
 RCC framed structure supporting PEB rafters with PEB stool.

By evaluating the above systems, the roofing system for the warehouses has been adopted as Pre
Engineered Building Roofing system with bare Galvalume sheet roofing. Salient features of the
same are presented below.
 Column Grid: 7.5m x 27.5m
 PEB - MS Gutters at the ends. RCC gutters intermediate gutters in the case of two span building
 PEB rafter with PEB stool of 0.75m height and Purlins
 Bare galvalume sheet roofing with self tapping screws fixing
 Flashings at the eaves and at the gables with foam fillers to fill the corrugation gaps
 All the fabrication is factory made.
 Speed in execution
 Quality maintenance is easy as entire fabrication will be done in the factories in a controlled
environment
 Flexibility in supporting the services from the roof
 Relatively economical

7.3 UTILITY BLOCKS


These blocks are mainly to house the various utilities required for the process such as Power
House, Boiler House and Crusher etc. as per the list given in the introduction.

The roofing for these blocks will be as per the following.


 Engineering Stores: The roofing will be the Pre Engineered Building Roofing System with bare
galvalume sheet roofing. The roofing system for this is in line with the ware house roofing
system.

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 Power House: The roofing will be Reinforced Cement Concrete slab with 5.00mtrs head room
for the panel room. This is principally to locate the cooling towers on the top of the slab. The
loading is to be considered as 500 Kg/m² as per the loading requirements. The D G room will
have Pre Engineered Building sheet roofing with a head room of 8mts.
 Coal Yard: The roofing form will be Pre Engineered building sheet roofing system to economize
the cost of the structure with the eaves height of 7.8m.
 Boiler House and Crusher: The roofing form will be the Pre Engineered Building roofing system
with louvered cladding for the Boiler House.

7.4 ANCILLARY BLOCKS


The roofing system for all these buildings has been considered as Reinforced Cement Concrete
slab with 4.50mts as soffit of the slab. This is primarily to account for the vertical expandability of
the buildings. Hence foundations and columns for all these buildings are being designed for one
extra floor.

7.5 CLADDING
The cladding for all the buildings has been considered as 200mm thick solid block masonry with
12mm thick smooth cement plastering for inside and 18mm thick sand exposed cement plastering
1 for outside. This is primarily due to the following reasons.
 To have a clean surface from inside to avoid dust collection
 To satisfy the EHS Norms

7.6 FLOORING
It is proposed to have reinforced 150mm thick Vacuum Dewatered Concrete flooring of Grade
M25 for the Plant Building, Warehouses and for the Utility Blocks by considering the following
requirements into consideration.
 To have smooth, impervious and non slippery flooring
 To take care of fork lift movement
 To take care of point loads of the racking system
 To minimize the dust generation from the floor
 To minimize the shrinkage cracks
In addition, it is proposed to have non metallic floor hardener topping for the floors of Plant and
Warehouses to protect the flooring from normal wear and tear.
It is proposed to have vitrified tile flooring/granite flooring for the amenities blocks.

7.7 INFRASTRUCTURE WORKS


It is proposed to have black topping roads for the material movement roads to take care of 40 Ton
truck load and to have grass pavers roads for fire tender movement. And also, it is proposed to
have complete storm water drainage system with random rubble masonry construction to
optimize the cost of construction.

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7.8 WATER STORAGE SYSTEMS


It is proposed to have above ground storage systems for raw water, fire water and soft water tanks
along with the pump room to house all the pumps and other equipments. The constructions of
these tanks are to be of reinforced cement concrete construction with ceramic tile lining for
internal finish of the walls.
It is proposed to have overhead tank of 100.00 cum capacity at 30.00 m height as per the
requirement of water head. The proposed construction is of reinforced cement concrete columns
up to 30.00 m height and is to have reinforced cement concrete walls with ceramic tile lining for
internal finish of the walls.

8. GENERAL DESIGN PHILOSOPHY


The designed life of the building is assumed as 50 years.

8.1 ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN


The design of the buildings, plant enclosures and exposed plant shall be such as to produce a co-
ordinated architectural scheme, aesthetically pleasing, compatible with and visually related to the
surroundings. It shall also minimize regular and long term maintenance, by the selection of
materials and finishes appropriate to this objective.
The layout of buildings and roads shall allow for easy circulation and access for maintenance
purposes.
Allowance has to be made in the site layout and the arrangement of the buildings and the
machines therein for the future possibility of an extension to the buildings to accommodate
further sets of a similar size.
Full consideration shall be given to natural light & ventilation at the building design stage.

8.2 DEVELOPMENT PHASES


It is envisaged that the development shall take place in 3 phases, presently the work commence
with phase I.

8.3 PEB ROOF


The roof comprises of a rafter seated over a stool above the RCC columns. The scope of the work
of Pre engineered building roofing system shall be design, engineering, manufacture, protective
packaging, supply, erection, performance testing and handing over of Pre engineered building
roofing system and accessories as per building descriptions, technical specifications and drawings.
The PEB rafters shall be checked with all possible loads and load combinations which can occur
during the entire life span of the structure.

8.4 RCC STRUCTURE


The structure below the roof shall comprise of RCC Footings Columns and tie beams.
The structural frames of the building below roof shall be designed with the reaction from the
roofing system provide by the PEB vendors, along with the loads which act over the framing
system. The RCC frames shall be checked with all possible loads and load combinations which can
occur during the entire life span of the structure.
Also the buildings are designed to be fire resistant with a fire rating of 3 hours. The columns shall
be designed for a full length to be independent of the tie beams below 5.0 m level from the FFL or

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Floor Slab Level, as the width of the beams at this level shall be restricted to 200mm to flush the
wall thickness, for the following reasons listed below,
 Functional requirement on the inside of the building
 Aesthetic requirement on the outside of building
 To avoid the frequent maintenance requirement and the problem of dust accumulation.

9. MATERIALS SPECIFICATIONS –

9.1 PRE-ENGINEERED BUILDING MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS


The following is the list of the material standards and specifications for which the building
components shall be designed:

MATERIAL SPECIFICATION STRENGTH


Plates for Built-up ASTM A572 M Fy = 34.5 kN/cm2
Hot Rolled Sections ASTM A53 M Fy = 24.0 kN/cm2
Coils for Cold Formed (Pre-
Galvanized) ASTM A653 M G90 Fy = 34.5 kN/cm2

EXTERIOR ROOF PANEL ASTM A792 M Fy = 55.0 kN/cm2


X-Bracing (Rods/ Pipes) ASTM A36 Fu = 40.0 kN/cm2
Anchor Bolts ASTM A36 Fu = 40.0 kN/cm2
9.2 Ft = 30.3 kN/cm2 CONCRETE
High Strength Bolts ASTM A325 M
Fu = 72 to 83 kN/cm2 MATERIAL
Ft = 13.2 kN/cm2
Machine Bolts ASTM A307 M
Fu = 40.0 kN/cm2
Std. wall material profiled
Eaves gutter NA
eaves gutter
Skylite 2.0mm thk. Polycarbonate NA
SPECIFICATIONS
 Cement: 43 Grade ordinary Portland cement shall be used conforming to IS 8112.
 Mineral Admixtures: Fly ash conforming to Grade 1 of IS 3812 may be used as part
replacement of ordinary Portland cement provided uniform blending with cement is ensured.
 Aggregates: Aggregates shall comply with the requirements of IS 383. Coarse aggregates used
shall be 20mm down size graded for nominal concrete.
 Water: water used for mixing and curing shall be clean and free from injurious amount of oils,
acids, alkalis, salts, sugar, organic materials or other substances that may be deleterious to
concrete or steel.
 Admixtures: Admixtures if used shall comply with IS 9103.
 Reinforcement Steel: High Strength deformed steel bars shall conform to IS 1786.

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10. DESIGN PARAMETERS


The main considerations followed for the designs are:
 Structural safety and stability.
 Demands of aesthetics conceived by the architect
 Availability of material, equipment and expertise
 Constructability and ease of maintenance
 Durability and
 Economy

10.1 PEB WORKS

10.1.1 GENERAL
The buildings mentioned in the ‘facilities planned’ section above, shall be analysed as 2-
Dimensional frame structural system. The buildings shall be modelled using STAAD PRO
software. The model frame shall be analyzed for dead loads (DL), live loads (LL), wind loads
(WL), collateral loads and seismic loads (EQ) and their combinations as per IS: 875 – 1987: Code
of Practice for design loads (other than earthquake) for buildings and structures & IS: 1893 (Part
1): Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of the structures and structure is to be designed as
per the standard practice.

10.1.2 SUPPORT CONDITIONS

 The main frame rafters and exterior columns at all grid lines shall be rigidly connected to each
other (using moment type connections).
 Rigid frame external Columns shall be fixed and internal column shall be pinned connected to
the foundations.
 The lateral stability of the building shall be provided through the frame action of the main rigid
frames.
 The longitudinal Force from the Roof shall be transferred to RCC column at braced bay
location.
 The roof purlins shall be continuous beams to be supported at rigid frame locations and span
the bay spacing of the building.
 Purlins shall be provided with minor axis buckling restraint to rafter. Screw down sheeting shall
be provided as lateral restraint to girt / purlin flange. For standing seam panel no restraint shall
be considered for purlins. If purlin / girt bridging used, same shall be provided with minor axis /
compression flange buckling restraint depending upon their implementation.

10.1.3 DEAD LOADS


Dead loads shall cover unit weight/mass of materials, and parts or components in a building that
apply to the determination of the dead loads in the design of buildings and shall be considered

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as per IS: 875 (Part 1) - 1987 according to the densities of the possible components. This
includes main frames, purlins, girt, cladding, bracing and connections etc.

10.1.4 IMPOSED LOADS


Imposed loads shall be considered as per IS: 875 (Part 2) – 1987.
Live load shall be considered as 0.75 KN/m² for the analysis and design.

10.1.5 COLLATERAL LOADS

Collateral Load consist of service loads like piping etc


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 Plant Building : 0.35 KN/ m²
 GLS, Cooling, RDS : 0.35 KN/ m²
 Power House : 1.00 KN/ m²
 Engineering Block : 0.35 KN/ m²
 Boiler House : 0.50 KN/ m²
 Coal yard & Crusher : 0.35 KN/ m²

10.1.6 WIND LOADS


The basic wind speed and design velocity which shall be modified shall be taken as per IS: 875
(Part 3) – 1987.
The basic wind speed at Mysore shall be considered as 33m/sec. This shall be considered for
calculating the wind loads. Analysis shall be carried out by considering future expansions if any
which has been indicated in the building descriptions and critical forces shall be taken for
design.

10.1.7 SEISMIC LOADS


The proposed structures in this project shall be analyzed for seismic forces. The seismic zone
shall be considered as per IS: 1893-2002 (Part 1). For analysis and design, Zone II shall be
considered as Mysore region falls under this zone as per IS: 1893-2002 (Part 1).
Earthquake analysis shall be carried out using STAAD PRO as per the provisions of IS: 1893-2002
(Part 1) & IS: 1893-2005 (part 4).

The analysis parameters shall be taken as per the following.


Zone Factor: 0.10
Importance Factor: 1.00
Response Reduction Factor: 3.00

10.1.8 LOAD COMBINATIONS


Load combinations for member design shall be as follows:
 1.5 ( DL + CL + LL )
 1.5 ( DL + WL )

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 1.5 ( DL +/- EQ )
 0.9 DL + 1.5 WL
 0.9 DL +/- 1.5 EQ
 1.2 ( DL + CL + LL ) + 0.6 WL
 1.2 ( DL + CL + LL ) +/- 0.6 EQ
 1.2 ( DL + CL + LL + WL )
 1.2 ( DL + CL + LL +/- EQ )

Load combinations for Deflection criteria shall be as follows:


 DL + LL + CL
 DL + CL + 0.8 LL + 0.8 WL
 DL + CL + 0.8 LL +/- 0.8 EQ
 DL + WL
 DL +/- EQ

An allowance increase in permissible stresses shall be done with Wind/Seismic Combinations as


per codal provision.

10.1.9 SERVICEABILITY CHECK


Limitation for vertical deflections:
 Frame Vertical – L/180
 Purlin Vertical – L/150 for (Live & Wind)

Limitation for Lateral deflections:


 Wind load deflections – height / 150
 Earth quake deflections – height/250

10.1.10 ANCHOR BOLT


Bracing reactions shall be considered with the main frame reactions. The installation of the
anchor bolts and embedded items must be done in accordance with the code of standard
practice for steel building with maximum allowable tolerances as per codal provisions. Anchor
bolts shall be set perpendicular to the theoretical bearing surface.
The gab between steel base plate and RCC column surface shall be filled with a compact non-
shrinking grouting material, Conbextra GP2 or equivalent.
Anchor bolts shall be fabricated from the rods conforming to ASTM A36 Gr. – 36 or equivalent
with minimum yield strength of 235 N/mm².

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10.1.11 MAIN FRAME & PRIMARY MEMBERS


All the primary framing members shall be fabricated from plates confirming to ASTM A572 Gr.
50 or equivalent with minimum yield strength of 345 N/mm². Continuous machine submerged
arc welding shall meet the applicable requirement of AWS D1-1:2006. Web to flange welds shall
be Double Side Fillet Weld. Flange / web butt welds shall be full strength joints using submerged
arc welding.

10.1.12 BRACINGS
All bracing rods shall conform to ASTM A36M Gr.36 / IS: 2062 Grade A or equivalent with
minimum yield stress 245 N/mm².
All secondary Cold formed ‘Z’ and ‘C’ sections shall conform to ASTM A653M 04a, Gr. 65 or
equivalent with minimum yield stress 450 N/mm². Galvanizing coating mass shall be
275gms/m².
All Flange braces & Purlin bridging sections shall conform to ASTM A 653M 04a, Gr. 50 or
equivalent with minimum yield stress 345 N/mm². Galvanizing coating mass shall be
275gms/m².

10.1.13 FASTENERS
Mild steel bolts shall be electro plated to yellow chromate, fully threaded. Mild steel bolts shall
not be provided with flat washers. Bolts shall conform to ASTM A307 Grade 4.6
High strength bolts shall be plain galvanized finish fully threaded and shall be identifiable by
marks on the head. These bolts shall be provided flat washers. Material shall conform to ASTM
A325m Type 1, Grade 8.8.

10.1.14 ROOF SHEETING


MR24 panels if applicable, shall be manufactured from 0.60mm BMT steel conforming to ASTM
A792 or AS-1397, with a minimum yield strength of 345 Mpa, coated with hot dip metallic
Aluminum-Zinc alloy coating, Zincalume –AZ150 (150 gms/m² total on both sides, Aluminum 55%,
Zinc 43.5% and silicon 1.5%)
All profiled panels except MR24 panels shall be manufactured from Hi-tensile steel with a
minimum yield strength of 550 Mpa, metallic hot dip coated with Aluminum-Zinc alloy (Aluminum
55%, Zinc 43.5% and silicon 1.5%) as per AS-1397 Zincalume –AZ150 (150 gms/m² total on both
sides). Color coated panels shall have super polyester XRW quality paint coat as per AS/NZS 2728
class-3.
Trims and flashings material specification shall be same as above.

10.2 CONCRETE WORKS

10.2.1 GENERAL
This section covers the standard specifications, criteria and parameters to be followed for the
detailed design of concrete work for the structures mentioned above in this document.

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10.2.2 AIM OF DESIGN

The aim of design is to achieve the acceptable probability that structure being designed
will perform satisfactory during the design span life. With an appropriate degree of safety,
the building will sustain all the loads and deformations of normal construction and use
and have adequate durability and adequate resistance to the effects of misuse and fire.

10.2.3 METHOD OF DESIGN

This RCC structure and structural elements are designed by Limit State Method.
Characteristic loads with appropriate partial safety factors are considered in the design.
Besides the strength, to ensure durability of the structure, Concrete Mix M25 is used for
foundations, columns and beams with grade of reinforcement steel of Fe 500. Since the
building falls under seismic Zone II, for static response of structure under seismic
conditions, ductile detailing is not required and hence not adopted in accordance to IS
13920.
For water retaining structures Working stress method will be adopted as per IS 3370.

10.2.4 STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS

For all structural concrete shall develop a minimum compressive strength of 25 N/mm² at
28 days. And PCC shall be M10 (1:3:6).
Maximum water-cement ratio by weight shall not exceed 0.50.
Cement shall be Ordinary Portland cement (OPC) conforming to IS 8112 & IS 12269 with
minimum cement content not less then table 4 of IS 456.
Steel reinforcement shall be plain round hot rolled mild steel bars of characteristic
strength Fy 250 N/mm² or high-yield high-bond bars of characteristic strength Fy 500
N/mm² complying with IS 1786 or IS 432.
The Stripping time for formwork shall be as follows in normal circumstances when
ordinary Portland cement is used:
- Wall Columns and Vertical Faces of all Structural Member 2 days
- Slabs Spanning up to 4.5m 7 days
- Slabs Spanning over 4.5m 14 days
- Beams & Arches Spanning up to 6.0m 14 days
- Beams & Arches Spanning over 6.0m 21 days.
(Note: Props to be refixed immediately after removal of the form work) when pozzolona
cement is to be used, then the above stripping time shall change.
Shuttering for Beams and Slabs shall have a camber of 4mm per meter or as specified by
designer. For cantilever the camber at free end shall be 1/250 of projected length.

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All exposed surfaces of concrete shall be kept damp continuously for a period of atleat 7
days from the day of Placing concrete.
Concrete cubes shall be cast and tested for crushing strength as per clause 15 of IS 456 :
2000.
Position and arrangement of construction joint shall have the concurrence of the design
engineer in charge; all construction joints shall confirm to clause 13.4 IS 456: 2000.
Contractor shall use shuttering quality plywood for form work. Tolerances for formwork
shall be as per case 11.10 of IS 456: 2000
For liquid retaining structure the concrete grade shall not be less then M25 unless
otherwise specified, with cement content shall not be less then 330 kg/m³, and maximum
1 quantity of cement shall not exceed 450 kg/m³.
Construction joints shall be provided only at locations shown in the design drawings, and
water bars of approved make as indicated on drawings shall be provided at all such joints
as per clause 8.4 of IS 3370 (part 1).
Unless noted other wise all liquid retaining side faces shall be provided with 20mm thick
water proof plaster in cement mortar 1:4 with cicco no.1 or impermo of equivalent 3% by
weight of cement or as per manufactures specifications.
All reinforcement steel shall be of tested quality. All the bars shall be placed and
maintained in position as shown in drawings; tolerance on placing of bars shall be as per
clause 12.3.1 of IS 456: 2000.
Multi layer bars shall be separated with spacer bars.

10.2.5 DURABILITY, WORKMANSHIP AND MATERIALS

It is assumed that the quality of concrete, reinforcement steel and other materials and of
the workmanship, as verified by PMC Company, is adequate for safety, serviceability and
durability.

10.2.6 DESIGN PROCESS

The Design of this building includes design for durability, construction and use in service
as a whole. Design process of this building compliance with all the codal provisions &
standards for materials, production, workmanship and use of structure in service.

10.2.7 DEAD LOADS

Dead loads shall be in accordance to IS:875 Part 1


Reinforced Cement Concrete : 25 kN/m³
Plain Cement Concrete : 24 kN/m³
Roof Dead Load : 0.1 kN/m²
False Ceiling : NA
Solid Concrete Block Masonry : 24 kN/m³

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Density of dry Soil : 18 kN/m³


Density of wet Soil : 21 kN/m³

10.2.8 IMPOSED LOADS

Live loads shall be in accordance to IS 875 Part 2


Roof Live Load : 0.75 kN/m²

Collateral, Wind loads & Seismic Loads are same as mentioned above in PEB design
Parameters.

10.2.9 LOAD COMBINATIONS

As mentioned in clause 11.1.8 above in this document


1
10.2.10 FIRE RESISTANCE

All the building shall be designed to be fire resistant with a fire rating of 3 hours. The columns shall
be designed for a full length to be independent of the tie beams at 2.4 m level from the FFL, as the
width of the beams at this level is restricted to 200mm to flush with the wall thickness, for the
following reasons listed below,
 Functional requirement on the inside of the building
 Aesthetic requirement on the outside of building
 To avoid the frequent maintenance requirement and the problem of dust accumulation.

10.2.11 ALLOWABLE DEFLECTION

Allowable deflection for RCC members shall not be more than L/250 where L is the span of
member

10.2.12 STABILITY RATIOS

The stability of structures shall be checked for all conditions. In no case, shall the factor of
Safety is less than the value given in the following table:
Minimum factor of safety against overturning & sliding shall be 1.4 for all structures
Minimum factor of safety against uplift shall be 1.2 for all structures
The coefficient of friction between Soil & Concrete foundation is considered as 0.4 for sliding.
The weight of soil over foundation shall be included in the load causing frictional forces.
The passive resistance of the soil within 0.4 m of the ground surface shall not be considered for
the sliding check.

STRUCTURAL - DBR
CLIENT
CIVIL - STRUCTURAL
DESIGN BASIS REPORT
(DBR)

For Seismic and wind combination, the safe bearing capacity can be increased by 25%.

10.2.13 CLEAR COVER TO REINFORCEMENT

THE NOMINAL COVER SHALL BE PROVIDED IN ACCORDANCE TO IS 456: 2000 Clause 26.4 & 26.4.3
UNLESS NOTED IN THE DRAWINGS: (REFER NOTE-1 BELOW)
 Footing 50mm
 Raft Slab Bottom 50mm
 Raft Slab Top 25mm
 Pedestal 40mm
 Column 40mm
 Beam 20mm
 Slabs, Canopy For Bars > 12mm, Cover: 20mm
For Bars < 12mm, Cover: 15mm
 Waist Slab, Chajja For Bars > 12mm, Cover: 20mm
For Bars < 12mm, Cover: 15mm
 RCC Wall For Liquid Face, Cover: 25mm
For Earth Face, Cover: 50mm
NOTE-1: "M/s SEMAC Ltd, the Consultant, have considered Cover to Reinforcement based on IS: 456 -
2000, IS: 1642 - 1989 and SP – 34 and equivalent British Standard. Accordingly, the structural members
(Beam, Slab and Columns) were designed and drawings issued. During the meeting dated 5th Feb 2011
with ITC structural team, it was informed by ITC team to adopt Nominal Cover to Reinforcement as per
1
clause 26.4.3 of IS: 456 - 2000 which is also a part of ITC standardization process and accordingly design
the structural members, hereafter for phase II and amenities block" (Reinforcement Cover requirement
for Phase I of this project is mentioned in the REV 0 of structural DBR).

10.2.14 MINIMUM COVER TO FOUNDATION BOLTS

Minimum distance from the centerline of foundation/anchor bolt to the edge of pedestal shall be
the maximum of the following:
- Clear distance from the edge of the base plate/base frame to the outer edge of the pedestal
shall be minimum 50 mm.
- Clear distance from the face of the pocket to the outer edge of the pedestal shall be 100 mm.
- Clear distance from the edge of the sleeve or anchor plate to the edge of the pedestal shall be
100 mm.

10.2.15 MINIMUM THICKNESS OF CONCRETE ELEMENTS

Flat footings (all types including raft foundations without beams) .Tapered footing shall not have
thickness less than 150mm at edge
Underground Pit and liquid retaining structure

STRUCTURAL - DBR
CLIENT
CIVIL - STRUCTURAL
DESIGN BASIS REPORT
(DBR)

a) wall, 150mm
b) base slab, 200mm
Slab thickness in raft with beam 150, Floor slab 100, Drain/cable trench 100, Blinding concrete 75

10.2.16 MINIMUM REINFORCEMENT

Minimum reinforcement shall be as per the codal requirements. Minimum reinforcement in any
member shall in no case be less than that specified in IS: 456 for various structural elements such
as walls, columns, beams and slabs.

10.2.17 FOUNDATIONS

Design of foundations shall be in accordance with IS. The coefficient of friction between concrete
surfaces and undisturbed soil shall be taken as 0.4. Anchor bolts shall be as per suppliers details.
The design of structures supporting machines shall be carried out on the basis of manufacturers'
information on loads, their mode of action and vibration characteristics.
Foundations shall be designed so that the natural frequency of the foundation/soil system is
sufficiently away from the operating frequency of the machine. The mass of the machinery
foundation should be more than the machine mass.

STRUCTURAL - DBR