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Sunnat Nikah in Islam

Word ‘Nikah’
Root letters – Noon/Kaaf/Haa
Linguistically, Nikah means to unite/ join/ collect, Ad Dumm
In Islam, Nikah is an Aqd or social contract through which man and woman becomes halaal for each other
and makes Allah witness for promise that they’ll fulfil the duties towards each other.

It’s Importance
 Best means of reproduction and multiplication and preserving the family lineage
 It provides tranquility, peace, and security
Narrated `Abdullah:
We were with the Prophet while we were young and had no wealth whatever. So Allah's Messenger said,
"O young people! Whoever among you can marry, should marry, because it helps him lower his gaze and
guard his modesty (i.e. his private parts from committing illegal sexual intercourse etc.), and whoever is
not able to marry, should fast, as fasting diminishes his sexual power."
Sahih al-Bukhari 5066

Jabir heard Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) say: When a woman fascinates any one of you and
she captivates his heart, he should go to his wife and have an intercourse with her, for it would repel what
he feels.
Sahih Muslim Book 8, Number 3242:

"Whoever has married has completed half of his religion; therefore, let him be God conscious in the other
half" (Hadith - Reported by al-Bayhaqi)

It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Prophet said:


"There are three, all of whom have a promise of help from Allah: 'The Mujahid who strives in the cause of
Allah, the Mighty and Sublime; the man who gets married, seeking to keep himself chaste; and the slave
who has a contract of manumission and wants to buy his freedom.'" Sunan an-Nasa'i 3120

Narrated Anas bin Malik:


A group of three men came to the houses of the wives of the Prophet asking how the Prophet worshipped
(Allah), and when they were informed about that, they considered their worship insufficient and said,
"Where are we from the Prophet as his past and future sins have been forgiven." Then one of them said, "I
will offer the prayer throughout the night forever." The other said, "I will fast throughout the year and will
not break my fast." The third said, "I will keep away from the women and will not marry forever." Allah's
Messenger came to them and said, "Are you the same people who said so-and-so? By Allah, I am more
submissive to Allah and more afraid of Him than you; yet I fast and break my fast, I do sleep and I also
marry women. So he who does not follow my tradition in religion, is not from me (not one of my followers
Sahih al-Bukhari 5063

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “When someone
proposes marriage to one of you whose religion and character pleases you, then you should marry him. If
you do not do so, there will be tribulations in the earth and the proliferation of corruption.”
Source: Sunan At-Tirmidhi 1084

Arkaan (Pillars) of Nikah


1. I’jaab and Qubool
2. Wali
3. 2 Adil Witness
4. Mehr

Women may be married for four things: their wealth, their lineage, their beauty and their religious
commitment. Choose the one who is religiously-committed, may your hands be rubbed with dust (i.e., may
you prosper). Narrated by al-Bukhaari (5090), Muslim (1466)

Al-Bukhaari (2721) and Muslim (1418), that the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon
him) said: “The conditions that are most deserving to be fulfilled are those by means of which intimacy
becomes permissible for you.”

The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “A marriage (contract) is not valid without
a wali” (Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhi, and others; verified to be authentic by Al-Albani). Normally, a woman’s
wali is her father. If for any reason her father is unable to be her wali, her wali would then be her next
closest blood relation: the grandfather, uncle, brother, son, and so on. It is not permissible for a woman to
take another woman as her wali. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “A woman may not
give another woman in marriage, nor may a woman give herself (independently) in marriage” (Ibn Majah,
Al-Bayhaqi and others; verified to be authentic by Al-Albani).

If the bride does not have a Muslim blood relative as a wali, the Islamic authority, represented by the ruler
or judge, would appoint a wali for her. In non-Muslim communities the local imam is the one to be
appointed as the wali of a woman who has no wali.

Another condition for the validity of a marriage contract is the presence of at least two trustworthy Muslim
male witnesses. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “A marriage is not valid
without a wali and two trustworthy witnesses” (Ahmad, Ibn Hibban, and others; authentic according to
Al-Albani).

The mahr is the sole right of the wife and no one may take any of it without her permission—not even her
parents. The dower can be in the form of money, jewelry, clothing, or other material things. It can also be a
non-material gift.

The Shari`ah has not specified any amount, but it should be in accordance with the husband’s financial
ability and with what is reasonable for the bride in her social status. It is normally determined by
agreement between the husband and the bride or her wali. A woman came to the Prophet (peace and
blessings be upon him) and offered herself to him. He declined, so a man who was present with him said,
“O Messenger of Allah, marry her to me.” The Prophet asked him, “Do you have anything to give her?” He
said, “No.” The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Give her at least an iron ring.” But he
still could not afford it. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) then asked him, “Have you
memorized any portion of the Qur’an?” He replied, “I have memorized such-and-such surahs.” The
Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) then said, “I marry her to you for the portion of the Qur’an that
you have memorized.” This means that he was expected to teach her some of what he had memorized and
to treat her kindly based on this memorization. All of that would be much more beneficial to the bride than
lots of material gifts.

 Khutba-e-Nikah is Sunnah, not Fard


 Walimah is Wajib

Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 8.395 Narrated by Anas


The Prophet (saws) seeing a yellow mark (of perfume) on the clothes of 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf, said,
"What about you?" 'Abdur-Rahman replied, "I have married a woman with a Mahr of gold equal to a date-
stone." The Prophet (saws) said, "May Allah bestow His Blessing on you (in your marriage). Give a
wedding banquet, (Walima) even with one sheep."

Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 9.79 Narrated by Aisha


I asked the Prophet (saws), "O Allah's Messenger (saws)! Should the women be asked for their consent to
their marriage?" He (saws) said, "Yes." I said, "A virgin, if asked, feels shy and keeps quiet." He (saws) said,
"Her silence means her consent."

Before Nikah, Bride and Groom to-be should not talk over phones, meet each other in privacy, go out with
each other as they are still Gayr Mahram for each other
Taking Jahez in any form is prohibited in Islam
Age is not a restriction for Nikah in Islam, a man of younger age can marry a woman elder to him
A woman who is pregnant has to wait until delivery in order for her to marry someone

Uthman b. 'Affan reported that Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) had said: A Muhrim should
neither marry himself, nor should he become married to anyone, nor should he make the proposal of
marriage. (Sahih Muslim, Book 008, Number 3280)

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: A
man must not make proposal of marriage to a woman when his brother has done so already.
Sahih Muslim Book 8, Number 3274