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BEAM DESIGN CALCULATION


Project Name : PROPOSED TWO STOREY RESIDENTIAL BUILDING
Client Name : CHARLOTTE APPLE L. REGUA
Engineer Name : .
Design File : C:\Users\Hiccup\Desktop\STRUCTURAL DESIGN\JEFFREY
CARTAGENA\FINAL DESIGN\BEAM DESIGN\2ND FLOOR
BEAM\2F BEAM DESIGN.rcdx
Analysis File : C:\Users\Hiccup\Desktop\STRUCTURAL DESIGN\JEFFREY
CARTAGENA\FINAL DESIGN\STAAD ANALYSIS\CONCRETE
FRAMING\TWO STOREY RESIDENTIAL BUILDING.std
Analysis Last Modified : 11/25/2018 11:58:41 AM
Level Designed : 4.7m

Sr.No. Symbol Definitions


1 α = Angle formed with horizontal line along length of Beam
Cross sectional area of structural member measures to the
2 Ach =
outside edge of transverse reinforcement in sqmm
3 Ag = Cross sectional area of concrete in sqmm
Total cross sectional area transverse reinforcement (including
4 Ash =
cross ties) within spacing S in sqmm
5 Avd = Area of diagonal reinforcement in coupler beam in sqmm
6 As = Area of Tension reinforcement required in sqmm
7 As,min = Minimum area of flexural reinforcement in sqmm
8 As,nominal = Nominal area of reinforcement in sqmm
Area of longitudinal reinforcement required to resist torsion in
9 Al =
sqmm
Area of longitudinal reinforcement required on each face to
10 Al,face =
resist torsion in sqmm
11 At Torsion = Area of closed stirrups resisting torsion in sqmm
Area of longitudinal reinforcement provided at given section
12 AstPrv =
in sqmm
Area of shear reinforcement required per meter length in
13 Av =
sqmm
Minimum area of shear reinforcement as per clause 11.4.6.1 in
14 Av,min =
sqmm
Minimum area of longitudinal torsional reinforcement as per
15 Al,min =
clause 11.5.5.3 in sqmm
Total area of shear reinforcement required, including that for
16 Av Total Reqd =
torsion in sqmm
Total area of shear reinforcement provided, including that for
17 Av Total Prv =
torsion in sqmm
18 Ao = Gross area enclosed by shear flow path in sqmm
Area enclosed by centerline of the outermost closed transverse
19 Aoh =
torsional reinforcement sqmm, as per clause 11.5.3.1
Total area of longitudinal reinforcement calculated at a given
20 Ast =
section in sqmm

file:///C:/Users/Hiccup/AppData/Local/Temp/tmp7C2.tmp 11/29/2018
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Area of Skin reinforcement calculated for given section in


21 Asr =
sqmm
Area of Compression reinforcement required for doubly
22 Asc =
reinforced section or if torsion exists in sqmm
23 b = Width of the Beam in mm
24 bw = Width of Web ( For flanged Beam ) in mm
C/C distance between longitudinal reinforcement along B in
25 b' =
mm
26 bc = Oustside dimension of transverse reinforcement in mm
27 Cc = Effective Cover to tension reinforcement in mm
28 Cmin = Clear cover in mm
29 c' = Effective cover to reinforcement at compression face in mm
30 d = Effective depth of Beam in mm
C/C distance between longitudinal reinforcement along D in
31 d' =
mm
32 D = Depth of Beam in mm
33 Es = Modulus of elasticity of steel in N/sqmm
Specified compressive strength of concrete in cylinder in
34 f'c =
N/sqmm
Calculated tensile stress in reinforcement at service loads,
35 fs =
N/sqmm
36 Hf = Thickness of Flange in mm
Maximum C/C horizontal spacing of hoops legs on all faces in
37 hx =
mm
38 l = Effective Length of Beam (Clear Span) in mm
39 Legs = Number of legs of the shear reinforcement
Hogging moments of resistance of member at the joint faces in
40 Mpr1 =
kNm
Sagging moments of resistance of member at the joint faces in
41 Mpr2 =
kNm
42 Mu = Factored Bending Moment at a section in kNm
Nominal flexural strength of Singly Reinforced Section At
43 Mubal =
Balance Neutral Axis in kNm
44 Ptmin = Minimum percentage steel as per clause 10.5
45 PtPrv = Provided percentage steel
46 Stirrup = Bar mark representing shear stirrup
47 S = spacing of confining links in mm
48 SCalc = Stirrup spacing calculated as per Asv in mm
49 Sprv = Stirrup spacing provided in mm
50 Tcr = Cracking torque under pure Torsion in kNm
51 Tu = Factored Torsional Moment at a section in kNm
52 Ve = Earthquake induced shear in kN
53 φVc = Reduced Shear strength provided by concrete in kN
54 Vu = Factored Shear Force at a section in kN
55 Vu-A1(sway Left) = VD+Lleft - (Mpr1left + Mpr2right / L ) in kN

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56 Vu-A2(sway Left) = VD+Lleft + (Mpr2left + Mpr1right / L ) in kN

57 Vu-B1(sway Right) = VDLRight - (Mpr1left + Mpr2right / L ) in kN

58 Vu-B2(sway Right) = VDLRight + (Mpr2left + Mpr1right / L ) in kN


59 Vud = Design Shear Force in kN
60 Vs = Nominal shear strength provided by shear reinforcement in kN
61 Vu sway = Max (Vu-A1,Vu-A2) & (Vu-B1,Vu-B2) in kN
62 Φ = Strength reduction factor

All Forces are In kN, kNm, Stress in N/sqmm & Dimension are in mm.

Code References
ACI 318M:2011
Sr.No. Item Clause / Table
1. Ptmax : 10.3.5
2. Ptmin : 10.5.1
3. Vc : 11.2
4. Asv : 11.4.7.2
5. Min Shear Reinf : 11.4.6
Max Stirrup
6. : 11.4.5.1
Spacing
Shear Reinf -
7. : 11.5.3.5
Torsion
Side Face
8. : 10.6.7
Reinforcement
9. Tcr : 11.5.1

ACI 318M:2011 Chapter 21


Sr.No. Item Clause / Table
1. Ptmin : 21.5.2.1
2. Asmin : 21.5.2.1
3. Sclc : 21.5.3.1 & 21.5.3.2

Group : G1
Beam No : B1
Analysis Reference (Member) 4.7m : 3
Beam Length : 4110 mm
Breadth (B) : 300 mm
Depth (D) : 400 mm
Effective Depth (d) : 330 mm
Design Code : ACI 318M - 2011
Beam Type : Ductile Beam (Special Frame)
Grade Of Concrete (f'c) : C25 N/sqmm

file:///C:/Users/Hiccup/AppData/Local/Temp/tmp7C2.tmp 11/29/2018
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Grade Of Steel : Fy275 N/sqmm


Clear Cover (Cmin) : 40 mm
Es : 2x10^5 N/sqmm
Mubal : 207 kNm
As,min (flex) (B) : 504 sqmm
As,nominal (Bn) : 128.7 sqmm

For Longitudinal Reinf


Beam Bottom Beam Top
Left Mid Right Left Mid Right
Critical L/C - Analysis 15 15 25 17 25 15
Critical L/C - RCDC 11 11 21 13 21 11
Mu (kNm) 37.425 38.378 11.96 63.849 16.792 70.622
As (flex) (sqmm) (C) 472.83 485.28 147.82 826.38 208.44 919.99
Asc (flex) (sqmm) (A) - - - - - -
Tu (kNm) 0.455 0.455 0.59 0.99 0.586 0.455
Tcr/4 (kNm) 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2
Al, min(sqmm)(Tor.) - - - - - -
Al (sqmm) (Tor.) (E) - - - - - -
Al (Dist) (sqmm) (D) - - - - - -
Ast (sqmm) 504 504 603.18 826.38 270.97 919.99
AstPrv (sqmm) 603.18 603.18 603.18 1206.36 603.18 1206.36
3-#16 3-#16 3-#16 4-#16 3-#16 4-#16
Reinforcement
2-#16 2-#16

Note: Calculation of Ast

Ast = Max {B, C+D, A+D} (for Mu > 0)


Ast = Bn (for Mu = 0)
Where,
Compression reinforcement required for
A = Asc (flex) =
bending moment
B = As,min (flex) = Min area of flexural reinforcement
Bn = As,nominal = Nominal area of reinforcement
Total area of longitudinal reinforcement
C = As (flex) =
calculated at a given section
Distributed longitudinal torsional
D = Al (Dist) =
reinforcement at section considered
Ast (Dist) (sqmm) = Max(Al,min (Tor), Al (Tor)) x ((2B) / (2B + 2D))

For Transverse Reinf


Left Mid Right
Critical L/C - RCDC 9 9 9
PtPrv (%) 1.219 0.609 1.219
Vu (kN) 42.77 30.43 51.05

file:///C:/Users/Hiccup/AppData/Local/Temp/tmp7C2.tmp 11/29/2018
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Mu-Sect (kNm) 20.99 4.94 38.01


V D+L
(kN) 37.46 37.46
Mh (kNm) 123.36 123.36
Ms (kNm) 65.05 65.05
Sway-Right (kN) 8.38 83.31
Sway-Left (kN) 83.3 8.38
Vu-Sway (kN) 83.3 83.31
Vud (kN) 83.3 83.31
Φ Vc (kN) 59.82 53.67 52.97
Vs (kN) 39.13 - -
Av (sqmm) 431.22 381.82 381.82
Tu (kNm) 0.66 0.66 0.66
Aoh - - -
At (sqmm) - - -
Legs 2 2 2
Stirrup Rebar 10 10 10
At Torsion (sqmm) 0 0 0
Av Total Reqd (sqmm) 431.22 381.82 381.82
Asv Reqd (sqmm) 381.818 381.818 431.25
SCalc (mm) 95 140 95
SPrv (mm) 95 140 95
Av Total Prv (sqmm) 1653.47 1122 1653.47

Maximum Spacing Criteria

Basic
                Spc1 = 300 mm
                Spc2 = 140 mm

For Ductility (Special Frames)


       Left Section,  Right Section

= 96 mm
Spc3 = 6 x Small Longitudinal Dia
              Spc4 = d / 4 = 82 mm
              Spc5 = 150 mm
             Provided Spacing = 95 mm

       Mid Section
              Provided Spacing = 165 mm

Skin reinforcement

file:///C:/Users/Hiccup/AppData/Local/Temp/tmp7C2.tmp 11/29/2018
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Beam Width = 300 mm


Beam Depth = 400 mm
Depth = 400 < 900,    Hence Skin Reinforcement is not required.

Group : G1
Beam No : B2
Analysis Reference (Member) 4.7m : 7
Beam Length : 3790 mm
Breadth (B) : 300 mm
Depth (D) : 400 mm
Effective Depth (d) : 330 mm
Design Code : ACI 318M - 2011
Beam Type : Ductile Beam (Special Frame)
Grade Of Concrete (f'c) : C25 N/sqmm
Grade Of Steel : Fy275 N/sqmm
Clear Cover (Cmin) : 40 mm
Es : 2x10^5 N/sqmm
Mubal : 207 kNm
As,min (flex) (B) : 504 sqmm
As,nominal (Bn) : 128.7 sqmm

For Longitudinal Reinf


Beam Bottom Beam Top
Left Mid Right Left Mid Right
Critical L/C - Analysis 23 17 17 17 23 15
Critical L/C - RCDC 19 13 13 13 19 11
Mu (kNm) 13.909 37.151 37.15 70.715 18.092 57.797
As (flex) (sqmm) (C) 172.24 469.26 469.26 921.29 224.82 743.81
Asc (flex) (sqmm) (A) - - - - - -
Tu (kNm) 0.498 0.012 0.01 0.012 0.498 0.717
Tcr/4 (kNm) 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2
Al, min(sqmm)(Tor.) - - - - - -
Al (sqmm) (Tor.) (E) - - - - - -
Al (Dist) (sqmm) (D) - - - - - -
Ast (sqmm) 603.18 504 504 921.29 292.26 743.81
AstPrv (sqmm) 603.18 603.18 603.18 1206.36 603.18 1206.36
3-#16 3-#16 3-#16 4-#16 3-#16 4-#16
Reinforcement
2-#16 2-#16

Note: Calculation of Ast

Ast = Max {B, C+D, A+D} (for Mu > 0)


Ast = Bn (for Mu = 0)

file:///C:/Users/Hiccup/AppData/Local/Temp/tmp7C2.tmp 11/29/2018
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Where,
A = Asc (flex) = Compression reinforcement required for bending moment
B = As,min (flex) = Min area of flexural reinforcement
Bn = As,nominal = Nominal area of reinforcement
Total area of longitudinal reinforcement calculated at a
C = As (flex) =
given section
Distributed longitudinal torsional reinforcement at section
D = Al (Dist) =
considered
Ast (Dist) (sqmm) = Max(Al,min (Tor), Al (Tor)) x ((2B) / (2B + 2D))

For Transverse Reinf


Left Mid Right
Critical L/C - RCDC 9 9 9
PtPrv (%) 1.219 0.609 1.219
Vu (kN) 48.38 30.65 36.32
Mu-Sect (kNm) 36.82 0.99 13.96
V D+L
(kN) 33.66 33.66
Mh (kNm) 123.36 123.36
Ms (kNm) 65.05 65.05
Sway-Right (kN) 16.05 83.37
Sway-Left (kN) 83.37 16.06
Vu-Sway (kN) 83.37 83.37
Vud (kN) 83.37 83.37
Φ Vc (kN) 59.82 53.67 58.08
Vs (kN) 39.24 - -
Av (sqmm) 432.42 381.82 381.82
Tu (kNm) 0.3 0.3 0.3
Aoh - - -
At (sqmm) - - -
Legs 2 2 2
Stirrup Rebar 10 10 10
At Torsion (sqmm) 0 0 0
Av Total Reqd (sqmm) 432.42 381.82 381.82
Asv Reqd (sqmm) 381.818 381.818 432.373
SCalc (mm) 95 140 95
SPrv (mm) 95 140 95
Av Total Prv (sqmm) 1653.47 1122 1653.47

Maximum Spacing Criteria

Basic
                Spc1 = 300 mm
                Spc2 = 140 mm

file:///C:/Users/Hiccup/AppData/Local/Temp/tmp7C2.tmp 11/29/2018
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For Ductility (Special Frames)


       Left Section,  Right Section

= 96 mm
Spc3 = 6 x Small Longitudinal Dia
              Spc4 = d / 4 = 82 mm
              Spc5 = 150 mm
             Provided Spacing = 95 mm

       Mid Section
              Provided Spacing = 165 mm

Skin reinforcement

Beam Width = 300 mm


Beam Depth = 400 mm
Depth = 400 < 900,    Hence Skin Reinforcement is not required.

file:///C:/Users/Hiccup/AppData/Local/Temp/tmp7C2.tmp 11/29/2018