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## BEAM DESIGN CALCULATION

Project Name : PROPOSED TWO STOREY RESIDENTIAL BUILDING
Client Name : CHARLOTTE APPLE L. REGUA
Engineer Name : .
Design File : C:\Users\Hiccup\Desktop\STRUCTURAL DESIGN\JEFFREY
CARTAGENA\FINAL DESIGN\BEAM DESIGN\2ND FLOOR
BEAM\2F BEAM DESIGN.rcdx
Analysis File : C:\Users\Hiccup\Desktop\STRUCTURAL DESIGN\JEFFREY
FRAMING\TWO STOREY RESIDENTIAL BUILDING.std
Level Designed : 4.7m

## Sr.No. Symbol Definitions

1 α = Angle formed with horizontal line along length of Beam
Cross sectional area of structural member measures to the
2 Ach =
outside edge of transverse reinforcement in sqmm
3 Ag = Cross sectional area of concrete in sqmm
Total cross sectional area transverse reinforcement (including
4 Ash =
cross ties) within spacing S in sqmm
5 Avd = Area of diagonal reinforcement in coupler beam in sqmm
6 As = Area of Tension reinforcement required in sqmm
7 As,min = Minimum area of flexural reinforcement in sqmm
8 As,nominal = Nominal area of reinforcement in sqmm
Area of longitudinal reinforcement required to resist torsion in
9 Al =
sqmm
Area of longitudinal reinforcement required on each face to
10 Al,face =
resist torsion in sqmm
11 At Torsion = Area of closed stirrups resisting torsion in sqmm
Area of longitudinal reinforcement provided at given section
12 AstPrv =
in sqmm
Area of shear reinforcement required per meter length in
13 Av =
sqmm
Minimum area of shear reinforcement as per clause 11.4.6.1 in
14 Av,min =
sqmm
Minimum area of longitudinal torsional reinforcement as per
15 Al,min =
clause 11.5.5.3 in sqmm
Total area of shear reinforcement required, including that for
16 Av Total Reqd =
torsion in sqmm
Total area of shear reinforcement provided, including that for
17 Av Total Prv =
torsion in sqmm
18 Ao = Gross area enclosed by shear flow path in sqmm
Area enclosed by centerline of the outermost closed transverse
19 Aoh =
torsional reinforcement sqmm, as per clause 11.5.3.1
Total area of longitudinal reinforcement calculated at a given
20 Ast =
section in sqmm

file:///C:/Users/Hiccup/AppData/Local/Temp/tmp7C2.tmp 11/29/2018
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## Area of Skin reinforcement calculated for given section in

21 Asr =
sqmm
Area of Compression reinforcement required for doubly
22 Asc =
reinforced section or if torsion exists in sqmm
23 b = Width of the Beam in mm
24 bw = Width of Web ( For flanged Beam ) in mm
C/C distance between longitudinal reinforcement along B in
25 b' =
mm
26 bc = Oustside dimension of transverse reinforcement in mm
27 Cc = Effective Cover to tension reinforcement in mm
28 Cmin = Clear cover in mm
29 c' = Effective cover to reinforcement at compression face in mm
30 d = Effective depth of Beam in mm
C/C distance between longitudinal reinforcement along D in
31 d' =
mm
32 D = Depth of Beam in mm
33 Es = Modulus of elasticity of steel in N/sqmm
Specified compressive strength of concrete in cylinder in
34 f'c =
N/sqmm
Calculated tensile stress in reinforcement at service loads,
35 fs =
N/sqmm
36 Hf = Thickness of Flange in mm
Maximum C/C horizontal spacing of hoops legs on all faces in
37 hx =
mm
38 l = Effective Length of Beam (Clear Span) in mm
39 Legs = Number of legs of the shear reinforcement
Hogging moments of resistance of member at the joint faces in
40 Mpr1 =
kNm
Sagging moments of resistance of member at the joint faces in
41 Mpr2 =
kNm
42 Mu = Factored Bending Moment at a section in kNm
Nominal flexural strength of Singly Reinforced Section At
43 Mubal =
Balance Neutral Axis in kNm
44 Ptmin = Minimum percentage steel as per clause 10.5
45 PtPrv = Provided percentage steel
46 Stirrup = Bar mark representing shear stirrup
47 S = spacing of confining links in mm
48 SCalc = Stirrup spacing calculated as per Asv in mm
49 Sprv = Stirrup spacing provided in mm
50 Tcr = Cracking torque under pure Torsion in kNm
51 Tu = Factored Torsional Moment at a section in kNm
52 Ve = Earthquake induced shear in kN
53 φVc = Reduced Shear strength provided by concrete in kN
54 Vu = Factored Shear Force at a section in kN
55 Vu-A1(sway Left) = VD+Lleft - (Mpr1left + Mpr2right / L ) in kN

file:///C:/Users/Hiccup/AppData/Local/Temp/tmp7C2.tmp 11/29/2018
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## 58 Vu-B2(sway Right) = VDLRight + (Mpr2left + Mpr1right / L ) in kN

59 Vud = Design Shear Force in kN
60 Vs = Nominal shear strength provided by shear reinforcement in kN
61 Vu sway = Max (Vu-A1,Vu-A2) & (Vu-B1,Vu-B2) in kN
62 Φ = Strength reduction factor

All Forces are In kN, kNm, Stress in N/sqmm & Dimension are in mm.

Code References
ACI 318M:2011
Sr.No. Item Clause / Table
1. Ptmax : 10.3.5
2. Ptmin : 10.5.1
3. Vc : 11.2
4. Asv : 11.4.7.2
5. Min Shear Reinf : 11.4.6
Max Stirrup
6. : 11.4.5.1
Spacing
Shear Reinf -
7. : 11.5.3.5
Torsion
Side Face
8. : 10.6.7
Reinforcement
9. Tcr : 11.5.1

## ACI 318M:2011 Chapter 21

Sr.No. Item Clause / Table
1. Ptmin : 21.5.2.1
2. Asmin : 21.5.2.1
3. Sclc : 21.5.3.1 & 21.5.3.2

Group : G1
Beam No : B1
Analysis Reference (Member) 4.7m : 3
Beam Length : 4110 mm
Depth (D) : 400 mm
Effective Depth (d) : 330 mm
Design Code : ACI 318M - 2011
Beam Type : Ductile Beam (Special Frame)
Grade Of Concrete (f'c) : C25 N/sqmm

file:///C:/Users/Hiccup/AppData/Local/Temp/tmp7C2.tmp 11/29/2018
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## Grade Of Steel : Fy275 N/sqmm

Clear Cover (Cmin) : 40 mm
Es : 2x10^5 N/sqmm
Mubal : 207 kNm
As,min (flex) (B) : 504 sqmm
As,nominal (Bn) : 128.7 sqmm

## For Longitudinal Reinf

Beam Bottom Beam Top
Left Mid Right Left Mid Right
Critical L/C - Analysis 15 15 25 17 25 15
Critical L/C - RCDC 11 11 21 13 21 11
Mu (kNm) 37.425 38.378 11.96 63.849 16.792 70.622
As (flex) (sqmm) (C) 472.83 485.28 147.82 826.38 208.44 919.99
Asc (flex) (sqmm) (A) - - - - - -
Tu (kNm) 0.455 0.455 0.59 0.99 0.586 0.455
Tcr/4 (kNm) 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2
Al, min(sqmm)(Tor.) - - - - - -
Al (sqmm) (Tor.) (E) - - - - - -
Al (Dist) (sqmm) (D) - - - - - -
Ast (sqmm) 504 504 603.18 826.38 270.97 919.99
AstPrv (sqmm) 603.18 603.18 603.18 1206.36 603.18 1206.36
3-#16 3-#16 3-#16 4-#16 3-#16 4-#16
Reinforcement
2-#16 2-#16

## Ast = Max {B, C+D, A+D} (for Mu > 0)

Ast = Bn (for Mu = 0)
Where,
Compression reinforcement required for
A = Asc (flex) =
bending moment
B = As,min (flex) = Min area of flexural reinforcement
Bn = As,nominal = Nominal area of reinforcement
Total area of longitudinal reinforcement
C = As (flex) =
calculated at a given section
Distributed longitudinal torsional
D = Al (Dist) =
reinforcement at section considered
Ast (Dist) (sqmm) = Max(Al,min (Tor), Al (Tor)) x ((2B) / (2B + 2D))

## For Transverse Reinf

Left Mid Right
Critical L/C - RCDC 9 9 9
PtPrv (%) 1.219 0.609 1.219
Vu (kN) 42.77 30.43 51.05

file:///C:/Users/Hiccup/AppData/Local/Temp/tmp7C2.tmp 11/29/2018
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## Mu-Sect (kNm) 20.99 4.94 38.01

V D+L
(kN) 37.46 37.46
Mh (kNm) 123.36 123.36
Ms (kNm) 65.05 65.05
Sway-Right (kN) 8.38 83.31
Sway-Left (kN) 83.3 8.38
Vu-Sway (kN) 83.3 83.31
Vud (kN) 83.3 83.31
Φ Vc (kN) 59.82 53.67 52.97
Vs (kN) 39.13 - -
Av (sqmm) 431.22 381.82 381.82
Tu (kNm) 0.66 0.66 0.66
Aoh - - -
At (sqmm) - - -
Legs 2 2 2
Stirrup Rebar 10 10 10
At Torsion (sqmm) 0 0 0
Av Total Reqd (sqmm) 431.22 381.82 381.82
Asv Reqd (sqmm) 381.818 381.818 431.25
SCalc (mm) 95 140 95
SPrv (mm) 95 140 95
Av Total Prv (sqmm) 1653.47 1122 1653.47

## Maximum Spacing Criteria

Basic
Spc1 = 300 mm
Spc2 = 140 mm

## For Ductility (Special Frames)

Left Section,  Right Section

= 96 mm
Spc3 = 6 x Small Longitudinal Dia
Spc4 = d / 4 = 82 mm
Spc5 = 150 mm
Provided Spacing = 95 mm

Mid Section
Provided Spacing = 165 mm

Skin reinforcement

file:///C:/Users/Hiccup/AppData/Local/Temp/tmp7C2.tmp 11/29/2018
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## Beam Width = 300 mm

Beam Depth = 400 mm
Depth = 400 < 900,    Hence Skin Reinforcement is not required.

Group : G1
Beam No : B2
Analysis Reference (Member) 4.7m : 7
Beam Length : 3790 mm
Depth (D) : 400 mm
Effective Depth (d) : 330 mm
Design Code : ACI 318M - 2011
Beam Type : Ductile Beam (Special Frame)
Grade Of Concrete (f'c) : C25 N/sqmm
Grade Of Steel : Fy275 N/sqmm
Clear Cover (Cmin) : 40 mm
Es : 2x10^5 N/sqmm
Mubal : 207 kNm
As,min (flex) (B) : 504 sqmm
As,nominal (Bn) : 128.7 sqmm

## For Longitudinal Reinf

Beam Bottom Beam Top
Left Mid Right Left Mid Right
Critical L/C - Analysis 23 17 17 17 23 15
Critical L/C - RCDC 19 13 13 13 19 11
Mu (kNm) 13.909 37.151 37.15 70.715 18.092 57.797
As (flex) (sqmm) (C) 172.24 469.26 469.26 921.29 224.82 743.81
Asc (flex) (sqmm) (A) - - - - - -
Tu (kNm) 0.498 0.012 0.01 0.012 0.498 0.717
Tcr/4 (kNm) 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2
Al, min(sqmm)(Tor.) - - - - - -
Al (sqmm) (Tor.) (E) - - - - - -
Al (Dist) (sqmm) (D) - - - - - -
Ast (sqmm) 603.18 504 504 921.29 292.26 743.81
AstPrv (sqmm) 603.18 603.18 603.18 1206.36 603.18 1206.36
3-#16 3-#16 3-#16 4-#16 3-#16 4-#16
Reinforcement
2-#16 2-#16

## Ast = Max {B, C+D, A+D} (for Mu > 0)

Ast = Bn (for Mu = 0)

file:///C:/Users/Hiccup/AppData/Local/Temp/tmp7C2.tmp 11/29/2018
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Where,
A = Asc (flex) = Compression reinforcement required for bending moment
B = As,min (flex) = Min area of flexural reinforcement
Bn = As,nominal = Nominal area of reinforcement
Total area of longitudinal reinforcement calculated at a
C = As (flex) =
given section
Distributed longitudinal torsional reinforcement at section
D = Al (Dist) =
considered
Ast (Dist) (sqmm) = Max(Al,min (Tor), Al (Tor)) x ((2B) / (2B + 2D))

## For Transverse Reinf

Left Mid Right
Critical L/C - RCDC 9 9 9
PtPrv (%) 1.219 0.609 1.219
Vu (kN) 48.38 30.65 36.32
Mu-Sect (kNm) 36.82 0.99 13.96
V D+L
(kN) 33.66 33.66
Mh (kNm) 123.36 123.36
Ms (kNm) 65.05 65.05
Sway-Right (kN) 16.05 83.37
Sway-Left (kN) 83.37 16.06
Vu-Sway (kN) 83.37 83.37
Vud (kN) 83.37 83.37
Φ Vc (kN) 59.82 53.67 58.08
Vs (kN) 39.24 - -
Av (sqmm) 432.42 381.82 381.82
Tu (kNm) 0.3 0.3 0.3
Aoh - - -
At (sqmm) - - -
Legs 2 2 2
Stirrup Rebar 10 10 10
At Torsion (sqmm) 0 0 0
Av Total Reqd (sqmm) 432.42 381.82 381.82
Asv Reqd (sqmm) 381.818 381.818 432.373
SCalc (mm) 95 140 95
SPrv (mm) 95 140 95
Av Total Prv (sqmm) 1653.47 1122 1653.47

## Maximum Spacing Criteria

Basic
Spc1 = 300 mm
Spc2 = 140 mm

file:///C:/Users/Hiccup/AppData/Local/Temp/tmp7C2.tmp 11/29/2018
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## For Ductility (Special Frames)

Left Section,  Right Section

= 96 mm
Spc3 = 6 x Small Longitudinal Dia
Spc4 = d / 4 = 82 mm
Spc5 = 150 mm
Provided Spacing = 95 mm

Mid Section
Provided Spacing = 165 mm

Skin reinforcement

## Beam Width = 300 mm

Beam Depth = 400 mm
Depth = 400 < 900,    Hence Skin Reinforcement is not required.

file:///C:/Users/Hiccup/AppData/Local/Temp/tmp7C2.tmp 11/29/2018