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Name: ________________________________

Date: _________________________________

WORKSHEET
1. Chemical formulas can have three components.
a) The ________________ which are represented by a single uppercase letter, or represented by an
uppercase letter followed by a lowercase letter. This tells you the types of elements in the compound.
b) The ________________ which are numbers that are found on the lower ________________- hand side
of each element symbol. This tells you the number of ________________ of this element in the
molecule. If an element symbol has no subscript next to it, then this indicates that there is only
________________ atom of this element in the molecule.
c) The ________________ which surround some groups of atoms indicate that the numbers of all of the
atoms inside the bracket need to be ________________ by the ________________ on the outside of
the bracket found on the lower ________________ - hand side of that bracket.

2. Record the number of each atom in each molecule, then record the total number of atoms in the molecule:
1) NaOH 2) HNO3 3) Li2O
Element # of Atoms Element # of Atoms Element # of Atoms

Total Total Total


4) Li2SO4 5) NH4Cl 6) CaClO3
Element # of Atoms Element # of Atoms Element # of Atoms

Total Total Total


7) H2COCH2 8) Mg(OH)2 9) Al(OH)3
Element # of Atoms Element # of Atoms Element # of Atoms

Total Total Total


10) NH4C2H3O2 11) NaC2H3O2 12) (NH4)3PO4
Element # of Atoms Element # of Atoms Element # of Atoms

Total Total Total


13) Ca3(PO4)2 14) Fe2(CO3)3 15) Al2(SO3)3
Element # of Atoms Element # of Atoms Element # of Atoms

Total Total Total


ANSWER KEY
Name: ________________________________
Date: _________________________________

WORKSHEET
1. Chemical formulas can have three components.
element symbols which are represented by a single uppercase letter, or represented by an
a) The ________________
uppercase letter followed by a lowercase letter. This tells you the types of elements in the compound.
subscripts
b) The ________________ right
which are numbers that are found on the lower ________________- hand side
atoms
of each element symbol. This tells you the number of ________________ of this element in the
molecule. If an element symbol has no subscript next to it, then this indicates that there is only
one
________________ atom of this element in the molecule.
brackets
c) The ________________ which surround some groups of atoms indicate that the numbers of all of the
multiplied
atoms inside the bracket need to be ________________ subscript
by the ________________ on the outside of
right
the bracket found on the lower ________________ - hand side of that bracket.

2. Record the number of each atom in each molecule, then record the total number of atoms in the molecule:
1) NaOH 2) HNO3 3) Li2O
Element # of Atoms Element # of Atoms Element # of Atoms
Na 1 H 1 Li 2
O 1 N 1 O 1
H 1 O 3
Total 3 Total 5 Total 3
4) Li2SO4 5) NH4Cl 6) CaClO3
Element # of Atoms Element # of Atoms Element # of Atoms
Li 2 N 1 Ca 1
S 1 H 4 Cl 1
O 4 Cl 1 O 3
Total 7 Total 6 Total 5
7) H2COCH2 8) Mg(OH)2 9) Al(OH)3
Element # of Atoms Element # of Atoms Element # of Atoms
H 4 Mg 1 Al 1
C 2 O 2 O 3
O 1 H 2 H 3
Total 7 Total 5 Total 7
10) NH4C2H3O2 11) NaC2H3O2 12) (NH4)3PO4
Element # of Atoms Element # of Atoms Element # of Atoms
N 1 Na 1 N 3
H 7 C 2 H 12
C 2 H 3 P 1
O 2 O 2 O 4
Total 12 Total 8 Total 20
13) Ca3(PO4)2 14) Fe2(CO3)3 15) Al2(SO3)3
Element # of Atoms Element # of Atoms Element # of Atoms
Ca 3 Fe 2 Al 2
P 2 C 3 S 3
O 8 O 9 O 9
Total 13 Total 14 Total 14
Created by Anh-Thi Tang – Tangstar Science
Copyright © May 2013 Anh-Thi Tang (a.k.a. Tangstar Science)
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