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# Approximate Analysis

d/3
B C 3h
tan φ = ,
P d
h h
φ φ
sin φ = ,
A D LAB
d d
cos φ = ,
3LAB
FAB P FCD LAB = h 2 + d 2 / 9

P
φ
FAB = FCD = −
Ax 2sin φ
Ay Pd P
Ax = , Ay =
6h 2

## Approximate Arch Deflections

B d /6 d /6 C
3h
tan φ = ,
P d
LAB = h 2 + d 2 / 9
A φ φ D

## FAB LAB PLAB

(1) Axial extension in AB δ AB = = u B in AB = u xB cos φ + u yB sin φ = − .
EA 2 EA sin φ
d d
Pd 6 6 Pd
6h 6h
P/2 P P/2
Pd d Pd 2
(2) Axial extension in BC −u xB = − =−
6h 6 EA 36hEA
Solve for u yB from (1) and (2)
PL3
Then, from the simply supported beam center deflection
48EI
P(d / 3)3 P
u yP = u yB −
48 EI
d
L=
3

1
Deflections
B d /6 d /6 C 3h
tan φ =
P d
h
sin φ =
A φ φ D LAB
LAB = h 2 + d 2 / 9

Pd 2 PLAB
cos φ + u yB sin φ = −
36hEA 2 EA sin φ
PLAB Pd 2 P(h 2 + d 2 / 9)3/ 2 Pd 3
⇒ u yB = − − = − −
2 EA sin 2 φ 36 EAh tan φ 2 EAh 2 108 EAh 2
P ( d / 3)
3

u yP = u yB −
48EI
For E=106, P=1, d=300ft, h=75ft, I=0.0833ft4, A=1ft2
u yP = −0.25ft
Excel gives 0.28 feet

Frames &
Machines

2
Statically Determinate: Reactions and Internal
forces can be found by static equilibrium

T
T' T'
θ T'
α A
r
Q Q d
β
P

Q Q

## Example: Jib Crane

B A
1
L

P
L
2

3
Joints?
B VB1 A
MB
1 1
N B
P
x
N B2 = −VB1
B MB
VB2 = − N B1

2 M B = − PL, VB1 = P, N B1 = 0
y M C = − PL, VC2 = 0, N C2 = − P

MC
VC2
C
N C2

## Internal Forces, Moments?

P
-PL A

P
x
-P
-PL

Boom: M ( x) = − P( L − x), V ( x) = P, N ( x) = 0
Mast: M ( y ) = − PL, V ( y ) = 0, N ( x) = − P
y

-PL
C
-P