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Professor: Maria Helena Data: 22/01/2018

.Pronome é a classe de palavras que acompanha ou substitui um dessa ação simultaneamente. Dessa forma, o Reciprocal Pronoun será
substantivo ou um outro pronome, indicando sua posição em relação às necessário sempre que houver uma situação em que algo é dado e
pessoas do discurso ou mesmo situando-o no espaço e no tempo. Os recebido, ou quando qualquer situação mútua é expressa.
pronomes nos ajudam a evitar repetições desnecessárias na fala e na
escrita. São divididos em: Each other = entre si
One another = um ao outro
Subject Pronouns - é um tipo de Personal Pronoun (pronome pessoal)
que equivale ao sujeito de uma frase, por isso são conhecidos Exemplos:
como subjects (sujeitos). Podem ser utilizados no singular ou no plural, Maria and Robert loved each other. [Maria e Robert se amavam.]
possuindo três gêneros: masculino, feminino e neutro. The members of the graduating class applauded one another. [Os
membros da turma formanda aplaudiam uns aos outros.]
Subject pronouns: I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they 
Observação 2- De acordo com as regras tradicionais, each other indica
uma relação recíproca entre duas entidades, enquanto one another se
Exemplos: I’m so glad. / She is a teacher. refere a mais de duas.
Object Pronouns - têm a função de objeto da frase, aparecendo Exercises
normalmente no predicado e exerce a mesma função do pronome
oblíquo da língua portuguesa. 1- (EPCAR 14) “Native speakers are at a disadvantage in international
communication”. The negative form of this sentence is “Native speakers
Object pronouns: Me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them _______at a disadvantage in international communication”.
a) not are b) do not are c) isn’t d) aren’t
Exemplos: I love you. / I give her a kiss.
2- (EPCAR14) Few native speakers outside the world of ESL (English
Possessive Adjectives - é um tipo de pronome que se refere a as a Second language) teaching have much idea of what non-native
um substantivo, mostrando posse. Tecnicamente, não é um pronome, e learners assimilate, and think that as their English is native speaker
sim um adjetivo que, como seu próprio nome indica, são determinantes level, they speak it better than their non-native counterparts. Because of
de uma frase que modificam o substantivo que os acompanham, this, companies are offering courses in Offshore English to native
passando a se comportar como posse. speakers to train them to speak the type of English that will make it
easier for nonnative speakers to understand. So they will gain more
Possessive Adjectives: My, your, his, her, its, our, your, their contracts(…)
-The underlined word in the sentence refers to
Exemplos: My mother is Maria. / What’s your phone number? a) native speakers. c) Offshore English.
b) courses in Offshore English. d) the kind of English.
Possessive Pronouns - são “verdadeiros pronomes” porque se referem a
um substantivo previamente citado. Ou seja, os pronomes possessivos 3- (EPCAR14) A good example of this situation was when a company
substituem a construção Possessive Adjective + substantivo. tried to sell flight simulators to South Korea, where a French company
won the contract because the buyers found it easier to understand the
Exemplos: Is this yours, Mrs. Barnett? / This book is mine.
English that the French people spoke than the English spoken by the
British company.
Possessive pronouns: Mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, yours, theirs
-The pronoun that best substitutes the underlined words is:
a) you b) they c) he d) we
Demonstrative Pronouns - geralmente focam a atenção nos
substantivos que estão substituindo, podendo ser compreendido uma
4- (EEAR15) There’s an old cliché in linguistics that a language is a
noção de distância (de tempo ou espaço). Geralmente são utilizados para
dialect with an army and navy behind it. This isn’t merely a joke.
apontar posição de substantivos, seja perto ou longe.
-The pronoun “it”, in bold type in the text, refers to
Demonstrative pronouns: this, that, these, those a) linguistics. b) dialect. c) cliché. d) navy.

Exemplos: These are my daughters. / That book is my bag. 5- (EFOMM 2009) In the sentence: “If the oceans die, it could cause
great destruction.”, the pronoun “it” refers to:
Reflexive Pronouns - como o próprio nome já indica, são pronomes nos (A) oceans. (C) great destruction. (D) the cause.
quais o sujeito e o objeto são o mesmo substantivo. Em outras palavras, (B) atmosphere. (E) the oceans death.
a pessoa (sujeito) quem está realizando a ação é o mesmo que está
sofrendo essa ação, refletindo nele mesmo. 6- (ESSEX 2009) Is that book _____?
a) yours b) your c) yous d) you
Reflexive pronouns: Myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself,
ourselves, yourselves, themselves. 7- This dictionary is in __________ fourth edition.
a) his b) her c) its d) it's e) their
Exemplo: I look at myself in the mirror. / Jim made himself coffee.
8- That sports car is very expensive. The car dealer told me that
Observação1: Se a preposição by for utilizada antes de qualquer ________ price is 10,000 dollars.
pronome reflexivo, o sentido deles serão alterados e terão sentido de a) her b) his c) its d) their e) hers
sozinhos:
by myself [sozinho] / by herself [sozinha] / by ourselves [sozinhos] 9- Where is _______jacket?
*ON SOMEBODY OWN = alone - _________jacket is here.
Reciprocal Pronoun - é usado para indicar que duas ou mais pessoas
a) Mine/Yours b) My/Your c) Myself/Your d) My/You
praticam uma ação e ambas recebem os benefícios (ou consequências)
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18- (PUCPR 97) Fill in the blanks of the text below with the appropriate
pronouns: Dear Debbie, How are you? Lisa and I are having a
marvelous holiday. We are really enjoying _____. We brought three
tubes of suntan cream with _______ and we've used ____ all up already.
Lisa is a bit annoyed because her suntan isn't as good as ______.

a) ourselves – we – them – mine


b) ourselves – us – them – mine e) ourselves – ourselves – they – my
10- Reading the cartoon, we can infer that Garfield thinks that c) us – us – they – my d) us – we – themselves – mine
a) despite the fact that the dog is fierce, he won’t bite because of the meat.
b) the dog is well-behaved, that’s why Garfield likes feeding him with 19- (ITA 95)The defenders of Normandy were not the best of Hitler's
some meat. army. Those were in Russia and Italy, as well as in France, but on the
c) he is afraid of dogs and has decided to give him poisonous meat. other side of the Seine, the Pas-de-Calais, which the Germans thought
d) he always carries meat because he gets along with fierce dogs. the more likely invasion target.
-O pronome demonstrativo "those" faz referência aos:
11- (EN 16) Which is the correct way to complete the excerpt below?
The Legacy of Hartlepool a) Soldados escalados para a defesa da Normandia.
“He thought that if he had the courage to visit the Long Gallery, the b) Soldados soviéticos da Ásia Central.
portraits of _______ancestors would come to life in frames. c) Soldados mais adestrados do exército de Hitler.
_______would point _______fingers and say: “ We did _______duty. d) Soldados das divisões estacionárias.
We spent the money as ______was meant to be spent. (…)” e) Soldados russos, italianos e franceses.
a) Him/its/we/ours/ours/he
b) Him/theirs/they/their/ours/it d) His/its/they/theirs/our/it 20- I have met that girl before, but I can't remember __________ name.
c) Her/their/we/ours/our/he e) His/their/they/their/our/it a) her b) his c) your d) its e) yours

12- Alberto Santos-Dumont (20 July 1873 – 23 July 1932) was a 21-Which team won the game? __________ team did.
Brazilian aviation pioneer. The heir of a wealthy family of coffee a) Theirs b) They c) Their d) Them e) Yours
producers, Santos-Dumont dedicated _______ to aeronautical study and
experimentation in Paris, France, where he spent most of his adult life. 22- (PUCPR 96) Choose the alternative that best completes the dialogue
a) Him b) He c) Himself c) His below:
Bob: Do you always get good marks on ________ examinations?
13- (EEAR 2016) “Miss Emlyn read us some of it. I asked Mummy to James: Yes, I do. I guess it's because I do ________ homework
read some more. I liked it. It has a wonderful sound. A brave new world. assignments and study a little every day.
There isn’t anything really like that, is there?” Bob: How about Maria? Are ________ grades good too?
“You don’t believe in it?” James: Yes. She's very bright and enjoys studying very much.
“Do you?” a) yours–my–his c) you–my–hers e) your – my – her
“There is always a brave new world”, said Poirot, “but only, you know, b) your – me – your d) your – mine – yours
for very special people. The lucky ones. The ones who carry the making
of that world within ________.” 23- (ITA 97) The computer giant IBM has offered $1.1 million (730.000
Fill in the blank, in the text, with the appropriate reflexive pronoun. pounds) for a chess rematch between Garry Kasparov and ITS super-
a) yourselves b) yourself c) ourselves d) themselves computer, Deep Blue. – O termo ITS em maiúsculo no texto refere-se:
a) ao computador de Garry Kasparov; d) a Deep Blue;
14- (EN 15) in the excerpt "But if libraries are going to survive the b) à IBM; e) a Garry Kasparov.
digital age, they need to be more about helping patrons filter vast c) ao computador gigante da IBM;
quantities of digital Information rather than access to analog
materiais." the pronoun "they" refers to: 24- (ITA 99) Leia o recado de Ho Chi Minh aos franceses, em 1946.
(A) libraries. (B) the digital age. (C) patrons. "You can kill 10 of my men for everyone I kill of __________, yet even
(D) quantities of digital Information. (E) analog materials. at those odds, you will lose and I will win."
– A lacuna encontrada na frase acima deve ser preenchida por:
15- (EPCAR16) In the sentence, “Many countries have organized a) yours. b) them. c) you. d) theirs. e) your.
campaigns to make adults and children informed of its dangers.”, the
underlined expressions can be substituted for: 25- (UERJ06) Reflexive pronouns have two distinct uses: basic and
a) it – they. b) they – them. c) they – it. d) them – they. emphatic. The reflexive pronoun used emphatically is found in the option:
a) The oppressed resign themselves to their doom.
16-(EPCAR16)Parents usually don’t know their child is a cyberbully. b) They tacitly adjust themselves to oppression.
They perceive it just when the victim or the victim’s parents contact them. c) The enforcement of the law itself is a form of peaceful persuasion.
- The underlined pronoun refers to d) Our end is a community at peace with itself.
a) victims. b) parents. c) children. d) cyberbullies.
26- All the sentences are not grammatically correct, except:
17- Read the comic strip. Rewrite it to make it grammatically correct a) I need to send an email to his. c) I don’t have an information.
and classify the pronoun “me”. b) To wash the hands! d) She have to go now.

27-(EXPCEX 15) In the sentence “The tech-school graduates were then


issued water pistols before heading out. During their deployment, the
children encountered hostile and non-hostile citizens, a water-balloon
fight and injured allies who needed help along the way. The words their
and who respectively refer to:
[A] the children and citizens. [B] water pistols and injured allies.
[C] the children and injured allies. [D] deployment and non-hostile citizens.
[E] graduates and a water-balloon fight.

__________________________________________________________ 28- Mark the best option to fill in the sentences:


__________________________________________________________ I) I bought_____pair of shoes. III) I’m reading ____interesting book.
II)She plays____soccer. IV) He researches _____ heal of cancer.
2 a)The–a–an–the b) A-*-an–the c)A-*-a–the d) An–the–the-the