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DEPARTMENT OF ENGINEERING SCIENCE

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND AGRO-INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY


UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES LOS BAÑOS

ENGINEERING SCIENCE 12
Dynamics of Rigid Bodies
Problem Set 1 1S AY 2019-2020

Prob. 1. A burglar is running on top of a moving truck away from the Prob 4. The motor pulls the cable of the pulley system shown at a
police. The velocity of the thief relative to the truck and the velocity of speed of 8 ft/s. Determine (a) the speed of block B; (b) the speed of
the police car are illustrated by their respective v-t plots below. block C and (c) the speed of block B relative to C at the instant shown.
Determine the velocity and the acceleration of the burglar relative to
the police car at t = 4 s. Also, draw the a-t curves for the given v-t
curves.

v B/T

vTruck = 16 m/s (constant)

vP

Burglar Police Ans: vB = 4 ft/s, vC = 1 ft/s, vB/C = 5 ft/s


v (m/s) – relative to truck v (m/s)
30
Prob. 5. When Kaito Kid is 20 m directly above Conan, Conan kicks the
10
8 25

2º 2º
ball at the direction shown to hit him. If Kid is traveling at a constant
t (s) t (s)
2 6 2 6 speed of 16 m/s to the right, determine the initial velocity of the ball
and the distance d.
Ans: vB/P = 2.5 m/s, →, aB/P = 1.75 m/s , ← 2

Prob 2. At the instant shown Motor A pulls the cord at an initial speed
of 10 ft/s which increases constantly by 5 ft/s2. If the motion of block
C follows the a-t curve shown below, determine the velocity and
acceleration of block B at t = 4 s. Block C has an initial velocity of v = vO
20 m
1 ft/s directed to the right.
60º
A 3m
d
4m

Ans: dmin = 13.589 m


B
C
Prob. 6. A toy catapult is designed to throw ball A when the arm of
the catapult becomes vertical. Starting from a horizontal position with
a (ft/s) a given tangential acceleration, determine the distance d where the
4 ball would fall.

3 7 t (s)
A
3

Ans: vB = 17 ft/s,↑, aB = 1 ft/s2, ↑


2 ft
vo = 0
Prob. 3. Suppose that the acceleration of a train during the interval of at = 5s-1/2 ft/s2
time from t = 2 s to t = 4 s is s = 2t m/s2, and at t = 2 s its velocity is v A
A

= 180 kph. What is the train’s speed at t = 4 s, and what is its


displacement from t = 2 s to t = 4 s? d

Ans: : v = 62 m/s, Δs = 111 m Ans: d = 2.0995 ft


Prob. 7. Starting from rest, a car enters a curve with its speed Prob. 10. Car A travels along the straight portion of the road with a
constantly increasing at a rate of 4 m/s2. At t = 10s, the car maintained velocity of 150 kph. On the other hand, car B travels along the curved
a constant speed. What is the final speed of the car? What is the ramp with velocity equal to 240 kph as seen by car A. (a) How fast is
maximum acceleration of the car? car B travelling? (b) If car A is accelerating at 1.8 m/s2 and car B is
decelerating at 0.6 m/s2, determine the relative acceleration of A with
respect to B.

Ans: vf = 40.0 m/s, amax = 16.5 m/s2

Prob. 8. Flash and Road Runner race in a 100-m dash. The velocity-
time curve for each is drawn below. Draw their respective a-t and x-t ANS: vB = 106 kph 15o W of N, aA/B = 4.144 m/s2 4.5o N of E
curves. Also, determine who will win the race.
Prob. 11. The pulley at A is being pulled downwards with a velocity
equal to 1.4 ft/s decelerating at a constant rate of 0.2 ft/s2. Determine
the velocity and acceleration of block B at this instant when cable
portion BD = 5 ft.

v (m/s) v (m/s)

64 384
v = t3 v = 6t2

t (s) t (s)
4 8 8
FLASH ROAD RUNNER

Ans: Road Runner wins

Prob. 9. An engineer designs a slide that would prevent people from


hitting the edge of the pool. To do so, a person from the slide should ANS: vB = 9.3333 ft/s← aB = 17.2504 ft/s2 ←
drop into the water 2 m away from the edge. Determine the (a)
maximum allowable initial speed (vO); (b) how long would it take for Prob 12. The position-time curve of a certain particle A is shown by
the person to fall into the water at such speed; and (c) at what speed the figure below. Construct the velocity-time and the acceleration-
would a person hit the water after such time? time curve. If another particle B 10 m ahead of A starts from rest at t =
0s, find the time elapsed until A overtakes B. All throughout its motion,
B has half the value of acceleration of A from time 10 to 20 s. At what
distance did the overtaking take place?

Ans: vo = 6.885 m/s, t = 1.006 s, v = 8.765 m/s