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Department of Public Works and Highways

The DPWH logo conveys the idea of Filipino engineering excellence, i.e.,


fine craftsmanship, competence and integrity of its design. The 16-
cogged gear representing the administrative regions of the country
symbolizes motion, the implied perpetual  movement signifying
the continuous pursuit for unity of effort and direction despite
the diverse concerns of the sector.

Within the gear frame, a highway stretches northward


to infinity, cutting through a doric column, the symbol of
the building and construction industry. The white doric column
and the two orange lanes, taken in a total context, represent the
engineering outputs of the Department - national buildings, roads and
bridges, flood control and drainage structures, water supply systems,
urban community infrastructure, and other public works.

Legal Basis

l Executive Order 710 (July 27, 1981) created the Ministry of Public Works and Highways
(MPWH) from the merger of the erstwhile Ministry of Public Works and Ministry of Public
Highways to achieve a more effective and sustained implementation of infrastructure projects.

l Executive Order No. 124 (January 30,1987) reorganized, organizationally and functionally,
the MPWH into the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) to promote economy,
efficiency and effectiveness in the delivery of public services.

Mandate

The Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) implements the policy of the State to
continuously develop technology for ensuring the safety of all infrastructure facilities and securing
for all public works and highways the highest efficiency and the most appropriate quality of
construction. As the primary engineering and construction arm of the government, the DPWH is
responsible for the planning, design, construction, and maintenance of national highways, major
flood control systems, and other public works.
Our nation is poised for growth and we cannot grow without strong healthy people on the one hand
and strong modern infrastructure on the other. - PGMA, May 23, 2005
LOGICAL FRAMEWORK (DPWH)

Societal Goal Sustained economic growth through poverty reduction

Access to markets and production areas,


Sectoral Goals and physical integration of the country
Safe environment through infrastructure facilities

Safe, fast, economical, and reliable inter- Lives and properties Living condition of
Organizational regional and inter-urban mobility protected against population enhanced
Outcomes of people, goods and services major floods through other
infrastructure

Major flood control Other basic


Major Final National roads National roads maintenance and infrastructure
Outputs maintenance services construction construction construction and
services services maintenance services

Programs/ General Administration General Administration G e n e r a l General Administration


Activities/ & Support Services & Support Services & Support Services
Support to Operations Administration &
Support to Operations
Projects Construction, Support to Operations Support Services Maintenance, Repair &
Maintenance, Repair & Operational Support in Support to Operations Rehabilitation of
Rehabilitation of the Maintenance and Construction, Infrastructure Facilities-
Infrastructure Repair of the Maintenance, Repair Other Public Buildings
Facilities-Preventive Infrastructure Facilities Operational Support in
Maintenance of & Rehabilitation of
the Maintenance &
National Roads & & Other Related Infrastructure Repair of Infrastructure
Bridges Activities of the District Facilities-Flood Facilities & Other
Operational Support in Engineering Offices Control Related Activities of the
the Maintenance & Operational Support in Operational Support in District Engineering
Repair of Infrastructure the Maintenance & Offices
Facilities & Other the Maintenance &
Operational Support in
Related Activities of Repair of Infrastructure Repair of the Maintenance &
District Engineering & Other Equipment Infrastructure Repair of Infrastructure
Offices including Replacement Facilities & Other & Other Equipment
Operational Support in of Parts, Regional Related Activities of including Replacement
the Maintenance and Depot/Base Shops & of Parts, Regional
Repair of Infrastructure the District
Depot/Base Shops &
& Other Equipment Area Shops Engineering Offices Area Shops
including Replacement National Arterial, Flood Control & National Buildings
of Parts, Regional Secondary Roads & Drainage Projects Preliminary Detailed
Depot/Base Shops Bridges under Locally Funded Engineering
Maintenance of Preliminary Detailed Water Supply
National Roads & Projects and Foreign
Various Infrastructures
Bridges under the Engineering Assisted Projects Including Local
Special Road Support Payment of ROW, Preliminary Detailed Projects
Fund Contractual Obligations Engineering Maintenance of Local
Installation of Traffic & VAT Payment of ROW, Roads, Traffic
Lights and Road Safety Highways (Roads & Management & Road
Devices under the C o n t r a c t u a l
Safety Devices under
Special Road Safety Bridges) Projects under Obligations & VAT the Special Local Roads
Fund FAPs Fund
SECTOR GOALS

Access to markets and production areas, and physical integration of the country

The purpose of road development is to improve access and mobility, particularly between key
production areas and markets, and to physically unify the different regions and islands of the
country. Access may be measured in terms of road density and paved road rate. In terms of road
density, the Philippines, with its 28,805 km of national roads and 171,680 km of local roads or a
total of 200,485 km, has 0.67 km of road per square km. of land area.

While this density is higher than those of other ASEAN countries, the quality of Philippine national
roads in terms of paved rate (paved length over total length), which is 70%, is lower than those of
Vietnam (71%), Myanmar (80%), and Thailand (98%). Moreover, road density varies considerably
among regions, with the lowest road densities found in the less economically developed regions,
e.g. 40% for CARAGA, 45% for Region VIII, and 48% for CAR.

A good and extensive road network is also a medium to physically integrate the entire country, by
providing for the efficient flow of people and products between urban centers and their hinterlands,
within and among provinces and regions. Interfaced with the system of ports and maritime transport
services (roll-on/roll-off or RORO), roads and road transport services physically interlink the
major island groups through the Pan-Philippine Highway on the east and the Western Nautical
Highway on the west, providing for seamless transport from Mindanao to Luzon. More nautical
highways will further unify the different parts of the archipelago.

Providing efficient access to markets and production centers and physically unifying the various
parts of the country are key factors to help achieve the overall societal goal of sustained economic
growth as the instrument to diminish poverty in the Philippines.

Safe environment through infrastructure facilities

The provision of infrastructure, apart from promoting access and national unity, is also intended to
create a safe and secure environment which is conducive to the pursuit of economic and social
activities by all Filipinos throughout the country. Only by having a truly safe environment for the
citizens can the country reach the societal goal of sustained economic growth towards poverty
reduction.

ORGANIZATION OUTCOMES

Safe, fast, economical, and reliable inter-regional and inter-urban mobility of people, goods
and services

A road transport system that allows safe, fast, economical, and reliable mobility within and among
regions and urban areas in the Philippines is highly important as an Organizational Outcome of the
DPWH. This is because the Department is chiefly responsible for providing the infrastructure for
road transport which has dominated (and will continue to dominate) the Philippine transport system
in the country: roads carry about 90% of passenger movements and about 50% of cargo movements
in the country.

The efficient delivery by the DPWH of maintenance and construction services for national roads
will immensely contribute towards the realization of this outcome. By achieving the outcome of
safe, swift, affordable, and reliable movement of the population as well as products and services,
access to markets and production centers will be enhanced and the Philippine archipelago will be
physically unified, as envisioned in the Sectoral Goal.

Safe mobility means traveling on roads which are generally devoid of accident-prone attributes or
“black spots.” Fast transport means being able to travel comfortably on the roads at reasonable
speed (normally at least 40 kph in urban centers and 60 kph in rural areas). Economical mobility
means that the cost of using the roads in moving people and goods is affordable and as low as the
best alternative transport mode, and does not restrain production or unduly increase the market
costs of goods. Reliable mobility means that the road network is free from major defects and open
to traffic all-year round under all-weather conditions.

Lives and properties protected against major floods

This outcome will be achieved through provision of major flood control facilities, which must be
properly built and maintained. While previous government programs have significantly reduced the
incidence of major floods, flooding still wreak considerable loss of lives and damage to crops and
properties, especially in Metro Manila and the principal river basins.

Annually, the average value of agricultural produce and private and public properties damaged by
floods nationwide is placed at several millions of pesos. This is apart from the incalculable loss of
human lives and the disruption of business activities. It is, therefore, important to intensify programs
that mitigate damages due to flooding. This calls for concerted structural and non-structural measures.

The DPWH is mainly responsible for undertaking the structural measures through major flood
control facilities such as dikes, river walls, pumping stations, floodways, “sabo” or sediment retention
structures, and drainage in the principal river basins. These must be complemented by non-
structural measures such as forest and watershed management, controlled development of flood-
prone zones, prevention and removal of encroachments on waterways, and similar programs of
other agencies.

Living condition of population enhanced through other infrastructure

This outcome is expected to result from the delivery of other infrastructure services such as school
building construction which will provide physical facilities for basic education, a stepping stone to
jobs and improved living status; more and better farm-to-market roads will facilitate the transport
of produce to markets, thereby inducing greater production and raising rural incomes; potable
water supply facilities will reduce the incidence of water-borne and water-related diseases (cholera,
dysentery, etc.) in waterless communities, thus improving community health and contributing to
make the people more economically productive.
All of these will improve the quality of life or living conditions of the Filipinos. Ultimately, this
outcome will lead to creating a safe environment conducive to sustained economic growth towards
poverty reduction.

MAJOR FINAL OUTPUTS

1. National Roads Maintenance Services

For national roads, as for other infrastructure, the highest priority should be placed on asset
preservation or maintenance of existing facilities.* This is to keep the roads in good working
condition, as designed, throughout their useful life. Studies show that very high economic
returns are derived from relatively small but regular expenditures on road maintenance.

With effective maintenance services, national roads will be put and preserved in good working
condition. Well-maintained roads are expected to reduce vehicle operating costs of road
users by as much as 40-45%, aside from reducing travel time, lessening the incidence of road
accidents, and preventing premature road deterioration which would require costly rehabilitation
or reconstruction.

Programs/Activities/Projects

l General Administration and Support Services


l Support to Operations
l Construction, Maintenance, Repair and Rehabilitation of Infrastructure Facilities (Preventive
Maintenance of National Roads & Bridges)
l Operational Support in the Maintenance and Repair of the Infrastructure Facilities and
other Related Activities of District Engineering Offices
l Operational Support in the Maintenance and Repair of Infrastructure and other Equipment,
including Replacement of Parts, Regional Depot/Base Shops and Area Shops
l Maintenance of National Roads and Bridges under the Special Road Support Fund
l Installation of Traffic Lights and Road Safety Devices under the Special Road Safety Fund

2. National Roads Construction Services

The DPWH is responsible for the construction of national roads. The term “construction”, as
used here, includes rehabilitation, improvement (such as paving with concrete), and new
construction (including widening). Construction is normally done by private contractors through
public bidding.

As an indication of the extent of construction needs for national roads, about 30% of the
28,805-kms. national road network is still gravel-surfaced and must be paved with concrete
or asphalt. About 5,000 kms. of paved roads have deteriorated and require rehabilitation.
Some 17,280 lineal meters of temporary/weak national bridges must be replaced with permanent
and strong concrete/steel structures.
_______________
* The term “roads” is understood to include bridges, drainage, and other structures within the right-of-way
Programs/Activities/Projects

l General Administration and Support Services


l Support to Operations
l Operational Support in the Maintenance and Repair of Infrastructure Facilities and other
Related Activities of District Engineering Offices
l Operational Support in the Maintenance and Repair of Infrastructure and other Equipment,
including Replacement of Parts, Regional Depot/Base Shops and Area Shops
l National Arterial, Secondary Roads and Bridges
l Preliminary Detailed Engineering
l Payment of ROW, Contractual Obligations, and VAT
l Highways (Roads & Bridges) Projects under FAPs

3. Major Flood Control Maintenance and Construction Services

Under this MFO, the DPWH will provide intensive maintenance of major flood control facilities
in the country (except those in Metro Manila which are under the Metro Manila Development
Authority) to keep them in good operating condition and avoid early damage. This will include
the repair of dikes, revetments, and river walls; desilting of waterways; declogging of mains,
and related works; as well as construction services to produce rehabilitated, improved and
new flood control structures (dikes, levees, river walls, mains, and waterways). The projects
will focus on Metro Manila (Foreign Assisted Projects) and the 20 principal river basins in the
country, particularly the critical flood-prone areas, such as KAMANAVA (NCR) and Agno
River Basin (Region I).

Programs/Activities/Projects

l General Administration and Support Services


l Support to Operations
l Construction, Maintenance, Repair and Rehabilitation of Infrastructure Facilities (Flood
Control)
l Operational Support in the Maintenance and Repair of Infrastructure Facilities and other
Related Activities of District Engineering Offices
l Flood Control and Drainage Projects (under LFPs and FAPs)
l Preliminary Detailed Engineering
l Payment of ROW, Contractual Obligations, and VAT

4. Other Basic Infrastructure Construction and Maintenance Services

Under this MFO, the DPWH will provide construction services for projects funded by non-
infrastructure agencies and other proponents; construction services for DPWH-funded projects;
and supervision of maintenance of local roads by LGUs financed under the Special Local
Roads Fund (RA 8794).
Programs/Activities/Projects

l General Administration and Support Services


l Support to Operations
l Maintenance, Repair and Rehabilitation of Infrastructure Facilities (Other Public Buildings)
l Operational Support in the Maintenance and Repair of Infrastructure Facilities and other
Related Activities of District Engineering Offices
l Operational Support in the Maintenance and Repair of Infrastructure and Other Equipment,
including Replacement of Parts, Regional Depot/Base Shops and Area Shops
l National Buildings
l Preliminary Detailed Engineering
l Water Supply
l Various Infrastructures, including Local Projects
l Maintenance of Local Roads, Traffic Management and Road Safety Devices under the
Special Local Roads Fund

Performance Measures and Target

Performance 2007
Performance Indicators 2005 2006 2007 Budget
Unit Actual Target Target (inmillion pesos)

MFO 1
National Roads Maintenance Services 12,122

Length of national roads maintained under:


Routine maintenance
Carriageway km. 19,583 16,950 16,842 2,021
Roadside km. 28,578 28,578 28,578 1,000
Preventive maintenance km. 525 734 1,756 7,900
Identified accident black spots made safer no. 244 267 292 583
Weighbridge stations operated over total no. operated 13/22 17/22 33/33 66
number of stations installed no. installed 2 shifts 2 shifts 3 shifts
Others (Cost of Programs excluding
PreventiveMaintenance) 552

Roads in good/fair condition over total % 66 71 74 NA


national roads by year-end

MFO 2
National Roads Construction Services 43,238

Length of national roads constructed:


Unpaved roads paved km. 620 882 1,233 16,044
Paved roads rehabilitated km. 216 279 571 10,943
New roads constructed km. 115 37 195 2,304
Length of national bridges constructed
Temporary/weak bridges replaced with lm. 8,573 7,666 4,913
permanent bridges
Existing bridges rehabilitated/improved lm. 2,804 3,112 1,590
New bridges constructed lm. 1,690 1,777 1,394
Performance 2007
Performance Indicators 2005 2006 2007 Budget
Unit Actual Target Target (inmillion pesos)

Road projects with ROW claims settled no. of projects 10 388 2,420
Road projects completed but not paid no. of projects 933
Others (Cost of Programs) 2,697

National road projects :


passing quality assurance % 80 90 95 NA
implemented within schedule % 80 90 95 NA
implemented within budget % 80 90 95 NA

Roads paved over total national roads


by year-end % 70 72 77 NA
% of bridges made permanent over % 93 94 96 NA
Total no. of national bridges by year-end

MFO 3
Major Flood Control Maintenance and
Construction Services 9,858

Dikes, river walls, waterways and mains lm. 85,601 129,683 7,956
Constructed/Rehabilitated
Other flood control structures maintained no. 205 250 521
FCD projects with ROW claims settled no. of projects 242
FCD projectscompleted but with unpaid claims no. of projects 423 498
Others (Cost of Programs exluding
maintenance of FCD) 641

MFO 4
Other Basic Infrastructure Construction and
Maintenance Services 8,069

Other projects funded by DPWH-Water Supply/


NB/CP/SP and Others:
Wells/water system constructed no. 689 1,470 1,470 500
National buildings constructed/rehabilitated no. 45 261
National buildings maintained no. 125 50
Projects with PDE conducted no. 114
Legislators whose identified projects were
provided with engineering, procurement and
construction management services:
Congressional District Representatives no. 212 212 213 4,260
Partylist Representatives no. 24 24 24 480
Senators no. 24 24 24 1,440
Provinces & Cities provided with maintenance 196 196 196 433
fund for local roads, traffic management and 79 Provs./ 79 Provs./ 79 Provs./
road safety devices no. 117 Cities 117 Cities 117 Cities
Others (Cost of Programs) 531
FY 2007 OPIF-Based Budget

FY 2007 Budget by Major Final Output (MFO)


(Amount in Thousand Pesos)
Maintenance
Particulars and Other
Personal Capital % Share
Operating Total
Services Outlay in Total
Expenses
MFO 1
National RoadsMaintenance Services 471,835 11,641,382 9,017 12,122,234 16.48%
MFO 2
National Roads Construction Services 1,900,540 340,336 40,997,473 43,238,349 58.77%
MFO 3
Major Flood Maintenance and 429,907 730,541 8,697,956 9,858,404 13.40%
Construction Services
MFO 4
Other Basic Infrastructure Construction
and Maintenance Services 447,239 564,603 7,057,000 8,068,842 10.97%
Sub-Total 3,249,521 13,276,862 56,761,446 73,287,829 99.62%
Life and Retirement
Insurance Contributions 280,099 - - 280,099 0.38%
TOTAL 3,529,620 13,276,862 56,761,446 73,567,928 100%

% Share in Total 4.80% 18.05% 77.16% 100% 100%

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Budget Highlights

Priority Programs and Projects


(In thousand pesos)

MFO 1 - National Roads Maintenance Services P 12,122,234

Programs 4,552,974
I. General Administration and Support
a. General Administration and Support Services 125,148

II. Support to Operations


a. Policy Formulation, Program Planning, and Standards 32,726
b. Regional Support (Planning and Design, Construction, 26,827
Maintenance and Material Quality Control
and Hydrology Divisions)
c. Operational Support for the Maintenance and Repair 31,233
of Infrastructure Facilities and Other Related Activities

III. Operations
a. Construction, Maintenance, Repair and Rehabilitation 4,000,000
of Infrastructure Facilities
b. Operational Support in the Maintenance and Repair 232,922
of Infrastructure Facilities and Other Related Activities
of District Engineering Offices
c. Operational Support in the Maintenance and Repair 104,118
of Infrastructure and Other Equipment, including
Replacement of Parts, Regional Depot/Base Shops
and Area Shops

MVUC Funds in RA 8794 7,569,260


a. Maintenance of National Roads and Bridges under the 6,920,466
Special Road Support Fund
b. Installation of Traffic Lights and Road Safety Devices 648,794
under the Special Road Safety Fund

MFO 2 -National Roads Construction Services P 43,238,349

Programs 2,246,876
I. General Administration and Support
a. General Administration and Support Services 506,595

II. Support to Operations


a. Policy Formulation, Program Planning , and Standards 166,007
b. Regional Support (Planning and Design, Construction, 107,309
Maintenance and Material Quality Control
and Hydrology Divisions)

c. Operational Support for the Maintenance and Repair 124,931


of Infrastructure Facilities and Other Related Activities

III. Operations
a. Operational Support in the Maintenance and Repair 931,686
of Infrastructure Facilities and Other Related Activities
of District Engineering Offices
b. Operational Support in the Maintenance and Repair 410,348
of Infrastructure and Other Equipment, including
Replacement of Parts, Regional Depot/Base Shops
and Area Shops

Locally Funded Projects (LFPs) 20,784,668


a. National Secondary Roads and Bridges 17,176,446
b. Preliminary Detailed Engineering: 255,320
c. Payment of Right -of-Way (ROW), Contractual Obligations 3,352,902
and Value Added Taxes (VAT)

Foreign Assisted Projects (FAPs) 20,206,805


a. Highways (Roads and Bridges) Projects 20,206,805

MFO 3 -Major Flood Control Maintenance and P 9,858,404


and Construction Services

Programs 1,162,448
I. General Administration and Support
a. General Administration and Support Services 145,028

II. Support to Operations


a. Policy Formulation, Program Planning , and Standards 40,372
b. Regional Support (Planning and Design, Construction, 30,660
Maintenance and Material Quality Control
and Hydrology Divisions)
c. Operational Support for the Maintenance and Repair 28,001
of Infrastructure facilities and Other Related Activities

III. Operations
a. Construction, Maintenance, Repair and Rehabilitation 131,178
of Infrastructure Facilities
b. Maintenance, Repair and Rehabilitation of Infrastructure 521,013
Facilities
c. Operational Support in the Maintenance and Repair of 266,196
Infrastructure Facilities and Other Related Activities
of District Engineering Offices

Locally Funded Projects 2,264,293


a. Flood Control and Drainage Projects 1,500,000
b. Preliminary Detailed Engineering 24,680
c. Payment of ROW, Contractual Obligations and VAT 739,613

Foreign Assisted Project 6,431,663


a. Flood Control and Drainage Projects 6,431,663

MFO 4 - Other Basic Infrastructure Construction P 8,068,842


and Maintenance Services
Programs 581,313
I. General Administration and Support
a. General Administration and Support Services 127,149

II. Support to Operations


a. Regional Support (Planning and Design, Construction, 26,827
Maintenance and Material Quality Control
and Hydrology Divisions)
b. Operational Support for the Maintenance and Repair 46,421
of Infrastructure Facilities and Other Related Activities
III. Operations
a. Maintenance, Repair and Rehabilitation of Infrastructure 50,000
Facilities
b. Operational Support in the Maintenance and Repair 232,922
of Infrastructure Facilities and Other Related Activities
of District Engineering Offices
c. Operational Support in the Maintenance and Repair 97,994
of Infrastructure and Other Equipment including Replacement
of Parts, Regional/Depot/Base Shops and Area Shops
Locally Funded Projects 7,055,000
a. National Buildings 261,000
b. Preliminary Detailed Engineering 114,000
c. Water Supply 500,000
d. Various Infrastructures including Local Projects 6,180,000

MVUC Funds in RA 8794 432,529


a. Maintenance of local roads, traffic management and 432,529
road safety devices under the Special Local Roads Fund